Beginner Lesson

Going Somewhere (Part I)
9
Hangul Transcript 2
Pronunciation Tips 2
Romanization 2
Translation 2
InIormal Conversation 3
Formal Conversation 3
Lesson Vocabulary 3
Cultural Insight 4
Grammar Points 4
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Hangul Transcript
(1)·=÷ ^? ´*h? ´*h!
(2)´* I? ·=÷h? ·=÷h! ±¬¨¹E! 5ª±¹9E!
(3)·=÷ I! 5ª±¹9E! ^;?=I¯?
(4)´* I, ^;?=II. ·=÷h±^^£=^\I¯?
(5)·=÷ ^I5. ¹t*/*\II.
(6)´* 7£*/*\II.
(7)·=÷ ^¯FE? ¹t^l9¡I¯?
(8)´* =^9¡II. I¹÷==¹;=II.
(9)·=÷ ^¯FE?
Pronunciation Tips
Line 1 The last syllable of the name ´*(gyunghui) should be pronounced so that it
sounds much like Þ. The romanization spells it as "hui." But in spoken Korean, it's
pronounced more like "hi/hee."
Line 5 The romanization of the word */*(hoesawon), is "hoesawon." The romanization
suggests an improper pronunciation of the word, specifically, the first syllable *
(hoe). Please listen to the audio again, or check out the learning center and click on
Hangul chart with audio - there you'll find *(hoe).
Romanization
(1)Seutibeu Eo? Gyeong-hui-ssi? Gyeong-hui-ssi!
(2)Gyeong-hui Ne? Seutibeu-ssi? Seutibeu-ssi! Annyeonghaseyo! Orenmanieyo!
(3)Seutibeu Ne! Orenmanieyo! Jal itsseotsseumnikka?
(4)Gyeong-hui Ne, jal itsseotsseumnida. Seutibeu-ssi-eun ajikdo hakseng-imnikka?
(5)Seutibeu Anio. Jigeum hoesawon-imnida.
(6)Gyeong-hui Jeo-do hoesawon-imnida.
(7)Seutibeu A, geuraeyo? Jigeum eodi-e gamnikka?
(8)Gyeong-hui Geukjang-e gamnida. Deiteu yaksogi itsseumnida.
(9)Seutibeu A, geuraeyo?
Translation
(1)Steve Hmm? Gyeong-hui? Gyeong-hui!
(2)Gyeong-hui Yes? Steve? Steve! Hello, how are you! Long time no see!
(3)Steve Yes! Long time no see! Have you been doing well?
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(4)Gyeong-hui Yes, l've been doing well. Steve, are you still a student?
(5)Steve No. l'm an office worker now.
(6)Gyeong-hui l'm also an office worker.
(7)Steve Oh really? Where are you going now?
(8)Gyeong-hui l'm going to the movie theater. l have a date.
(9)Steve Oh really?
lnformal Conversation
(1)·=÷ ^? ´*? ´*!
(2)´* I? ·=÷? ·=÷! ±¬! 5ª±¹¹!
(3)·=÷ ±! 5ª±¹¹! ^;?^?
(4)´* ±, ^;?^. ·=÷±^^£=^¹¹?
(5)·=÷ ^I. ¹t*/*¹¹.
(6)´* I£*/*¹¹.
(7)·=÷ ^¯F? ¹t^l97?
(8)´* =^97. I¹÷==¹;^.
(9)·=÷ ^¯F?
Formal Conversation
(1)·=÷ ^? ´*h? ´*h!
(2)´* I? ·=÷h? ·=÷h! ±¬¨^I¯! 5ª±\II!
(3)·=÷ I! 5ª±\II! ^7^^E?
(4)´* I, ^;?=II. ·=÷h±^^£=^¹^I¯?
(5)·=÷ ^I5. ¹t*/*\II.
(6)´* 7£*/*\II.
(7)·=÷ ^¯i¹E? ¹t^l97^I¯?
(8)´* =^9¡II. I¹÷==¹;=II.
(9)·=÷ ^¯5=I¯?
Lesson Vocabulary
Hangul Romanization English
5ª±¹9E. orenmanieyo
Long time no see.
^^£ ajikdo
still
¹t jigeum
now
^l eodi
where
=^ geukjang
theater, movie theater
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I¹÷== deiteu yaksok
a date
== yaksok
a promise
7I gada
to go
^;I jal itda
To be doing well (phrase)
Cultural lnsight
When you are in Korea and get to make some acquaintances in your neighborhood,
you will often be asked by your neighbors "Where are you going?" This phrase is "^l
7? (eodi ga?)" or "^l7¹E? (eodi gaseyo?)" in Korean. This might be somewhat
embarrassing at first and you might wonder why everyone's asking you where you're
going. But do not take this question seriously. No one really needs to or wants to know
where you are actually going. lt is a question that serves as a way of showing interest
and a lot of Korean people think that at least asking this kind of question is much bet-
ter than just greeting people with a simple "±¬¨¹E(annyeonghaseyo)." When
asked "^l7?", you can just tell the person where you are going if you don't mind
doing that, but if you don't really feel liking telling them about your private plans, you
can just reply with "±¬¨¹E" or "I, ^l±7E(ne, eodi jom gayo)" which means
"Yes, l am going somewhere."
Crannar Poinis
ln today's podcast, we introduce two important grammar points. The first will be an introduc-
tion of a new and quite useful verb, 7I(gada), which means "to go." We will show the
formal present tense conjugation of the verb 7I(gada) and also demonstrate how our
conjugation pattern for 7Ican also be applied to many other verbs. The second grammar
point concerns the time/directional particle -9(-e).
Grammar Point #1 - 7I- to go
7I(gada) and the formal present-tense conjugation:
7I(gada), means "to go" and the verb is typically preceded by the destination/time-point
particle, 9(e), which we will cover shortly. To conjugate the verb and express it in the form-
al present tense, attach -=II(mnida) to the verb stem [the verb without I(da)]:
dictionary form: 7I(to go)
verb stem: 7
7+ =II-> ¡II
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This formal present-tense conjugation is performed to construct declarative sentences.
Please note that this formal present-tense conjugation can similarly be performed to similar
verbs. The exact spelling for the conjugation will depend on whether the verb stem ends
with a vowel or a consonant. A chart below shows more examples:
-=II(verb stems ending with vowel) -=II(verb stems ending with consonant)
7I: 7+ =II-> ¡II =I: =+ =II-> ==II
gada: ga + mnida -> gamnida meokda: meok + seumnida -> meokseum-
nida
¹I: ¹+ =II-> \II ?I: ?+ =II-> ?=II
±¨I: ±¨+ =II-> ±±II ;I: ;+ =II-> ;=II
Definitions- 7I(gada): to go =I(meokda): to eat ¹I(ida): to be ?I(ilkda): to read
±¨I(ilhada): to work ;I(itda): to be present (to exist)
Once the verb is conjugated, a further alteration of substituting the I(da) ending with ¯
(kka), transforms the sentence containing the verb into a question. ln other words, substitut-
ing I(da) with ¯(kka) can change a formal declarative sentence into a formal interrogat-
ive sentence (a question). Some examples below:
?¬±=J9¡II- (yeongsu-neun hakgyo-e gamnida) - Yeongsu goes to school.
?¬±=J9¡I¯? - (yeongsu-neun hakgyo-e gamnikka) - Does Yeongsu go to
school?
^´¬^9¡II- (jeonggyung-eun jib-e gamnida) - Jeonggyung goes home.
^´¬^9¡I¯? - (jeonggyung-eun jib-e gamnikka) - Does Jeonggyung go home?
?¬±±±II- (yeongsu-neun ilhamnida) - Yeongsu works.
?¬±±±I¯? - (yeongsu-neun ilhamnikka) - Does Yeongsu work?
^´¬==II- (jeonggyung-eun meokseumnida) Jeonggyung eats.
^´¬==I¯? - (jeonggyung-eun meokseumnikka) Does Jeonggyung eat?
Grammar Point #2 - The directional particle - 9(-e)
This particle can be used to indicate time, direction, or a static activity. ln this lessons' spe-
cific context, it is used to indicate direction. When -9(-e) is attached to a place noun
(home, school, theater, etc) and is followed by either 7I(gada) - to go, or 5I(oda) - to
come, the -9(-e) particle indicates the direction the subject is either going or coming to-
wards. ln this specific conversation -9(-e) is translated as "to.¨
The directional particle, -9(-e) was used in Line 8:
(8)´*: =^9¡II.
(8)Gyeong-hui: Geukjang-e gamnida.
(8)Gyeong-hui: l'm going to the movie theater.
Taken from the conversation: =^9¡II. (geukjang-e gamnida) (l'm) going to the theat-
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er. (literally: theater, to, go)
Taken from the conversation: ^l9¡I¯? (eodi-e gamnikka) To where (are you)
go(ing)? (literally: where, to, go?)
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