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 It isn’t necessary to stare like that.

You don’t need to stare like that.
You needn’t stare like that.
 Is it necessary to stare like that?
Do you have to stare like that?
Do you need to stare like that?
 I’m sure that they are friends.
They must be friends.
I was sure that they were friends.
They must have been friends.
1.
2.
3.
4.

To run – present infinitive, simple
To be running – present infinitive, continuous aspect
To have ran – perfect infinite, simple aspect
To have been running – perfect infinitive, continuous aspect

 I’m sure that they are joking.
They must be joking.
 I’m sure they joke.
They must (always) joke.
 I’m sure they joked.
They must have joked.
 I’m sure they were joking.
They must have been joking.
It wasn’t necessary to write the letter.
a. You needn’t to have written the letter. (but you did)
b. You didn’t need to write the letter. (and you didn’t)
 Perhaps they will find it.
They may/might/could find it.
 Maybe she is coming right now.
She could/may/might be coming right now.
 I expect the headmaster is late.
The headmaster should (expectation) be late.

Were your friends to understand. Take your skates in case the lake should be frozen. they wouldn’t have come back. dar mă îndoiesc) I suggest that he: a. Take your skates if the lake should be frozen. b. 3. advice b. should stay – semiformal stay – formal stays – informal he’s staying – standard to suggest = to propose. they would come back. Be late and you won’t be welcome.SHOULD: a. In case = a remote possibility = e posibil să… sau nu If = condition = în condițiile în care o să se întâmple Take your umbrella if it should rain. they would have come back. they wouldn’t come back. they would have come back. c. If it were not for your friends’ understanding. (în condițiile în care o să plouă. they would come back. they wouldn’t have come back. they would come back. they wouldn’t have come back. But for your friends’ understanding. obligation. 1. If your friends were to understand. expectation NEUTRAL SITUATION: Take your skates in case the lake is frozen. If it were not for your friends having understood. 4. urge. If your friends were to have understood. 6. 1. But for your friends’ understanding. to recommend. they wouldn’t have come back. they would have come back. If it hadn’t been for your friends’ understanding. they would come back. 3. CONDITIONAL III: If your friends had understood. 7. 4. . order  If you are late. rules. Had it not been for your friends’ understanding. CONDITIONAL II: If your friends understood. 8. 2. d. they wouldn’t come back. request. you are not welcome. Were it not for your friends having understood. 5. 2. they wouldn’t have come back. Had your friends understood. Were your friends to have understood.

I would prefer it if you didn’t miss it. spoke Chinese were speaking Chinese had spoken Chinese (yesterday) had been speaking Chinese (yesterday) I would rather: a. d. d. c. I wish you would/could be here tomorrow. I wish you hadn’t been here yesterday. (PAST) I would prefer you not to have missed it.PREFERENCE: I would rather (would sooner) you: a. I would rather you hadn’t missed it. b. b. 2. I would prefer it if you hadn’t missed it. I wish you weren’t here. . I would rather you didn’t miss it. c. leave be leaving have left have been leaving 1. (PRESENT) I would prefer you not to miss it.