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# PART 1

a) John Napier (1550–1617), the inventor of logarithms. The method of logarithms
was publicly propounded by John Napier in 1614, in a book titled Mirifici
Logarithmorum Canonis Descriptio (Description of the Wonderful Rule of
Logarithms).Joost Bürgi independently invented logarithms but published six
years after Napier.
b) Biology
I start a biology experiment with 5 000 000 cells and 45% of the cells are
decaying every 10 minutes,how long will it take to have less than 1 000 cells?
c) Application of Logarithmic Function:
0 min , number of cells, T1 = 5 000 000
After 10 mins, number of cells,
T2=5 000 000 – 5 000 000 * 45% = 2 750 000
After 20 mins, number of cells,
T3= 2 750 000 – 2 750 000 * 45% = 1 512 500
a= 5 000 000, r = 0.55, Tn < 1 000
5 000 000(0.55n-1) < 1 000
(n-1)log 0.55 < log (1000/5 000 000)
(n-1) < 14.24668125
n < 15.24668125
n= 15
Time taken = (15-1) 10 =140 mins

2 268=[ 8 ] n 0.5 7.2 6.8 5.6 150.7 73.PART 2 a) iii) Sphere 1 2 3 4 5 6 b) 268=m(8n)……………1 0.0 2.5236 Diameter (cm) 1.6 8 Volume (round off to the nearest 0.4 3.5 1.0 n= 3 m= 0.6 268 .0n)………….5=m(1..1cm3) 0.2 28.

M = n. x= log10 D.PART 3 (A) (B) a) Reduce the equation V=mDn to a linear form V=mDn log10 V= log10(mDn) log10 V= log10 Dn +log10 m log10 V= n log10 D+ log10 m in which the reduced equation is a linear form of y=Mx+C where y=log10 V. and C= log10 m .

281 because log10 m = -0. that is n= 2.281 m= 10-0.5236 The value of n can be determined by calculating the slope of the graph. plot the graph and draw the line of best fit c) From the graph.b) Using the data from Part 2.281 m=0.4283-(-0.281) = 3 0.9031 – 0 . thus express V in terms of D To obtain the value of m we must know the y-intercept. find i) the value of m and of n. -0.

46 cm3 iii)the radius of the sphere when the volume is 180 cm3 log10 V = log10 180 = 2. log10 D = 0.816 ~ 65.699 With this value 0.845 ~ 3.4992 2 2 .and log10 D= log10 5= 0.we can look up on the linear graph and interpolate the corresponding value 1.699 on the x-axis.Thus volume.25527 With this value 2.we can look up on the linear graph and interpolate the corresponding value 0.of a solid sphere can be expressed in terms of D as V=0.25527 on the y-axis.845 on the x-axis.V.816 V= 101.845 r = D=100.816 on the y-axis log10 V = 1.5236(D3) ii)the volume of the sphere when the diameter is 5cm.

FURTHER EXPLORATION a) Compare the equation obtained in Part 3 (B) c (i) with formula of volume of sphere.find the value of 22 7 b) Suggest another method to find the value of 22 7 .Hence.

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