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Project Report on Vitamins

This project report is entitled "Vitamins Sources of Vitamins" and all information about
Vitamins, Classification of Vitamins, Vitamins as Organic Compounds, Need and
Importance of Vitamins, Types of Vitamins, Water Soluble Vitamins and Fat Soluble
Vitamins.

Vitamins and classification
Vitamins are natural substances found in plants and animals and known as Essential
nutrients for human beings. The name vitamin is obtained from "vital amines" as it was
originally thought that these substances were all amines. Human body uses these
substances to stay healthy and support its many functions.
Vitamins are generally regarded as organic compounds required in the diet in small
amounts to perform specific biological functions for normal maintenance of optimum
growth and health of the organism.

Needs and Importance of Vitamins :
The body needs vitamins to stay healthy and a varied diet usually gives you all the
vitamins you need.
Vitamins do not provide energy (calories) directly, but they do help regulate energyproducing processes. With the exception of vitamin D and K, vitamins cannot be
synthesized by the human body and must be obtained from the diet.
Vitamins have to come from food because they are not manufactured or formed by the
body. So lets find out the uses and the importance of vitamins in our daily life.

Types of Vitamins:
There are two types of vitamins: water-soluble and fat-soluble. Water-soluble vitamins
Water-soluble vitamins cannot be stored in the body, so you need to get them from food
every day. They can be destroyed by overcooking. These are easily absorbed by the
body. Human body doesn't store large amounts of water-soluble vitamins. B-complex
vitamins and vitamin C are water-soluble vitamins that are not stored in the body and

When you need them. An excess of vitamin A may result in irritability. the body stores them in body fat. Fat-soluble Vitamins : The fat-soluble vitamins include vitamins A. E and K . These vitamins are widely distributed in foods. D. An excess of water soluble vitamins should not result in any side effects as they will disperse in the body fluids and voided in the urine. keep milk and grains away from strong light. Some of vitamins are soluble in water and others are fat-soluble. They are eliminated in urine so. Water-Soluble Vitamins : Nine of the water-soluble vitamins are known as the B-complex group: Thiamin (vitamin B1). Foliate. Characteristics of Vitamins : Characteristics of the vitamins are: 1. weight loss. refrigerate fresh produce. . Eating fats or oils that are not digested can cause shortages of fat-soluble vitamins. The human body has to use bile acids to absorb fat-soluble vitamins. Proper storage and preparation of food can minimize vitamin loss. These vitamins are easily destroyed or washed out during food storage and preparation. and use the cooking water from vegetables to prepare soups. 2. Biotin. Riboflavin (vitamin B2). To reduce vitamin loss. diarrhea in adults. Niacin. your body takes them out of storage to be used. Pantothenic acid and Vitamin C. Most of the vitamins have been artificially synthesized. Once these vitamins are absorbed. headache. dry itchy skin in children and nausea. Vitamin B6.must be replaced each day.since they are soluble in fat and are absorbed by the body from the intestinal tract. Fat soluble vitamins should not be consumed in excess as they are stored in the body and an excess can result in side effects. body need a continuous supply of them in diets. Vitamin B12.

the total daily requirement of Vitamins is usually very small. Some members of vitamin B complex are synthesized by microorganisms in the intestinal tract. 6. Vitamins can perform their work in very small quantities. Vitamins can be stored in the body to some extent. 4. Vitamins are partly destroyed and are partly excreted. Some vitamins are synthesized in the body.3. Hence. 5. . for example the fat-soluble vitamins are stored in the liver and subcutaneous tissue.