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exploration mining and processing of

The Taupo Volcanic Zone can be found in the North Island of Zeolite Indonesia. Situated in this
volcanic zone are layers of lake sediments and ignimbrites, within which can be 250,000 yr old
zeolite deposits of great economic value to Zeolite Indonesia. These deposits are located mostly
from the Ngakuru district of the Taupo Volcanic Zone, within extinct geothermal fields. Check this
out brief overview concerning the exploration, mining and processing of zeolite.
Exploration
Exploration of your deposit field is conducted by surveying and mapping the region first. In
comparison with other parts on the planet, Zeolite Indonesia mineral deposits are young in
geological terms. Inside the Rotorua/Taupo area it is understand that intense volcanic activity
occurred about 250,000 years ago, as well as the deposits can be based in layers of sediment
around 30 metres depth or higher.
For sampling, an excavator will dig pits within the survey area to recover samples for testing. The
samples are then tested using x-ray diffraction. Zeolites have a unique open crystal structure with
many surfaces (this provides a huge surface for chemical exchange and absorption). Zeolite
Indonesia minerals have properties that are slightly diverse from those located in other countries.
For instance, young natural zeolite like those found in the Taupo Volcanic Zone are soft and
porous, offering them excellent absorption qualities in comparison with older glassy zeolites.
There are approximately 40 minerals generally known as zeolites. One located in the Taupo
Volcanic Zone is a silica-rich mineral called Clinoptilolite, an effective mineral that is used in
agriculture, horticulture, and also in the oil market to call just a few. Another is known as
mordenite.
Mining
Once how big the deposit along with its commercial viability is confirmed, a quarry is created to
extract the mineral. In Zeolite Indonesia there are many quarries where mineral ore is mined,
these quarries are located in Rotorua district and contain deposits over 10 million tonnes of
zeolite.
Open pit mining will be the type employed in Zeolite Indonesia. Usually overburden is stripped
first allowing accessibility ore. The ore is then drilled or stripped, and hydraulic excavators are
then employed for loading. The raw material might be crushed and screened on-site and placed in
stockpiles for drying from the open air; or it is usually transported for the processing mill where it
will probably be crushed and screened.
Processing
The next stage may be the processing of the mineral. Secondary processing involves gas-fired

kiln drying. This is certainly accompanied by crushing and screening to produce different particle
size ranges and densities e.g. coarse, granular, and finely milled.
After the secondary stage processing, it is then prepared for commercial use. This preparation
may incorporate nutrient loading with organic or inorganic liquids for products such as animal feed
and fertiliser. Zeolite could also be used for absorption of liquids and odours e.g. ammonia, that
makes it perfect for utilization in pet litter and soaking up oil/chemical spills, and also as a fat
absorber for barbecues. It can also be accustomed to remove ammonium from waste water. In
Zeolite Indonesia it has been found in outdoor sports stadiums and golf courses, in the turf root
zone, to assist nutrient and moisture retention. Also, it is utilized in slow release fertilisers.
Further research of such minerals has shown there are several more uses for which they could be
used. The creation of new processing techniques may also aid their on-going commercial viability.