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Table of English Tenses - Phase 1-4

Tense
Simple Present
Subj + verb
(Verb take an "s"
in the 3rd person
singular)
Present
Progressive
Subj + am or is
or are + verb +
ing …
Simple Past
Subj + verb
past form …
Past
Progressive
Subj + was or
were + verb +
ing …
Present Perfect
Subj + has or
have + verb past
participle…

Affirmative/Negative/Question
A: You verb… or He verbs...
N: He does not verb...
Q: Does he verb…? or
QW does he verb …?




Use
Signal Words
action in the present taking place once, never or several times always, every …, never, normally,
facts
often, seldom, sometimes, usually
actions taking place one after another
if sentences type I (If I talk, …)
action set by a timetable or schedule

A: He is verb+ing…
N: He is not verb+ing…
Q: Is he verb+ing…? or
QW is he verb+ing…?



action taking place in the moment of speaking
action taking place only for a limited period of time
action arranged for the future

at the moment, just, just now,
Listen!, Look!, now, right now

A: He verb past form…
N: He did not verb past form…
Q: Did he verb past form…? or
QW did he verb past form…?
A: He was verb+ing...
N: He was not verb+ing...
Q: Was he verb+ing…?



action in the past taking place once, never or several times
actions taking place one after another
action taking place in the middle of another action

yesterday, 2 minutes ago, in 1990,
the other day, last Friday
if sentence type II (If I talked, …)



action going on at a certain time in the past
actions taking place at the same time
action in the past that is interrupted by another action

when, while, as long as

A: He has past participle...
N: He has not past participle...
Q: Has he past participle…? or
QW has he past participle…





putting emphasis on the result
action that is still going on
action that stopped recently
finished action that has an influence on the present
action that has taken place once, never or several times
before the moment of speaking

already, ever, just, never, not yet,
so far, till now, up to now


decision made for the future
conclusion with regard to the future

in one year, next week, tomorrow

Future Simple A: He is going to verb.
Subj + be +
N: He is not going to verb.
going to +verb… Q: Is he going to verb?

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the third person singular is formed by adding “es” to the end. “k”. Here are some examples of these: To Ferry: “it ferries” To Rely: “he relies” Verbs Ending in o: To go: To Study: “she studies” When a verb ends in o. “t”. Some examples are: “it goes” To do: “he does” Verbs ending in ch. where the “y” is preceded by a vowel. The three pronunciations are below: “iz” sound If the simple form of the verb has a sibilant ending. Some examples are: To watch: To kiss: “she kisses” “he watches” To wish: “he wishes” To tax: “it taxes” To buzz: “it buzzes” Pronunciation rules for “s” endings in the third person singular: There are three ways to pronounce “s” endings for third person singular verbs. then the “s” and “es” are pronounced as “z” with no extra syllable. sh. the “y” is changed to “i” and “es” is added to the end.Note: What is the Third person Singular. Spelling Rules for Adding “s” in the Third Person Singular. “f” or “th” then “s” and “es” are pronounced as “s” with no extra syllable. a simple “s” or “es” is added to the infinitive. Simple present verbs (except for the verb “to be”) with the subjects of “he”. The pronunciation depends on the final sound of the verb before the “s” ending is added. some verbs change their spelling when s is added in the third person singular. For verbs the ending in “y”. it may be helpful to review how these verbs are spelled. Some examples are: To Pay: “he pays” To Buy: “she buys” To Enjoy: “it enjoys” When the “y” is preceded by a consonant. However. Most verbs in English have a simple “s” ending for the third person singular form. the third person singular is formed by adding “es” to the end. such as “ch”. the third person singular is formed by simply adding an “s” to the end of the infinitive. s. and “it” are formed by adding an “s” ending to the infinitive of the verb. The form of the verb used with these subjects is usually called the third person singular. Some examples of these are: To stop: “he stops” To end: “it ends” To want: “she wants” The exceptions to this rule are listed below: Verbs Ending in y. x or z. however. sh. s. The pronunciation of the “s” ending for third person singular verbs depends on the final sound of the verb before the “s” ending is added. “she”. Buys Owes Wins Fills Jabs Does Goes . ’x” or “z”. “sh”. “s”. then “es” is pronounced as “iz” with an extra syllable added to the base verb. Page | 2 For some verbs. Wishes Taxes Watches Judges Closes Misses “s” sound If the simple form of the verb ends with the voiceless sounds of “p”. Before reviewing the pronunciation rules for third person singular verbs. Wants Makes Stops Eats Likes Coughs “z” sound: If the simple form of the verb ends with any other consonant or vowel sound. x or z (sibilant): When a verb ends in ch.

Phase 1. Base From Eat Drink Read Write Watch Call Take Give Buy Sell Open Close Go Come Sit Stand Listen Get Ask Play Tell Work Repair Study Turn Pick up Put Meet 3rd Person Singular Eats Drinks Reads Writes Watches Calls Takes Gives Buys Sells Opens Closes Goes Comes Sits Stands Listens Gets Asks Plays Tells Works Repairs Studies Turns Picks up Puts Meets Past Form Ate Drank Read Wrote Watched Called Took Gave Bought Sold Opened Closed Went Came Sat Stood Listened Got Asked Played Told Worked Repaired Studied Turned Picked up Put Met Past Participle Eaten Drunk Read Written Watched Called Taken Given Bought Sold Opened Closed Gone Come Sat Stood Listened Gotten Asked Played Told Worked Repaired Studied Turned Picked up Put Met Present Participle Eating Drinking Reading Writing Watching Calling Taking Giving Buying Selling Opening Closing Going Coming Sitting Standing Listening Getting Asking Playing Telling Working Repairing Studying Turning Picking Putting Meeting Meaning Page | 3 .English Verbs .

Base From Drive Dance Want Know Build Teach Visit Think Like Cry Talk Need Make Speak Walk Sing Have See Run Sleep Lie Wear Fly Cut Argue Shout Help 3rd Person Singular Drives Dances Wants Knows Builds Teaches Visits Thinks Likes Cries Talks Needs Makes Speaks Walks Sings Has Sees Runs Sleeps Lies Wears Flies Cuts Argues Shouts Helps Past Form Drove Danced Wanted Knew Built Taught Visited Thought Liked Cried Talked Needed Made Spoke Walked Sang Had Saw Ran Slept Lied Wore Flied Cut Argued Shouted Helped Past Participle Driven Danced Wanted Known Built Taught Visited Thought Liked Cried Talked Needed Made Spoken Walked Sung Had Seen Run Slept Lied Worn Flied Cut Argued Shouted Helped Present Participle Driving Dancing Non Progressive Non Progressive Building Teaching Visiting Thinking Non Progressive Crying Talking Non Progressive Making Speaking Walking Singing Non Progressive Non Progressive Running Sleeping Lying Wearing Flying Cutting Arguing Shouting Helping Meaning Page | 4 .Phase 2.English Verbs .