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Table of Contents

Background................................................................................................................ 1
Analysis on the Results of Each Interview..................................................................2
Theory of Intelligence Interview Reports....................................................................6
Cognitive Development Interview Reports.................................................................9
Moral Development Interview Reports......................................................................13
Parenting and Discipline Interview Reports..............................................................19

Parenting and Discipline Interview Reports
19

Background
The series of interviews are conducted in order to gather ideas from randomly
selected persons about their different views on topics discussed in the course Child
and Adolescent Psychology. After each interview, an interview report was created for
record keeping purposes. These interview reports are compiled in this document
together with the analysis of the author.
There were four core topics that were used in the interview. All questions
revolve around them. The core topics are the following:
 Theory of Intelligence,
 Cognitive Development,
 Moral Development, and
 Parenting and Discipline
For the topic Theory of Intelligence, there were two teachers that were
interviewed. One was an elementary teacher and the other was a high school
teacher. The requirements of the interview were the following:
 Ask them how they know that a student/pupil is intelligent. Ask them about
the characteristics of an intelligent pupil/student.
 Ask them of their opinion whether the learner’s intelligence could be
enhanced or not by means of teaching.
 Analyze and comment on their answers in the light of the Theories of
Intelligence.
There were also two interviewees that were interviewed for the topic
Cognitive Development. These interviewees were elementary and high school
students. The requirements of the interview were the following:
 Ask them of what they do so that they will learn their lesson. Let them give
you maybe 3 ideas of what they do.
 Are the answers of those you interview similar or different from your ideas, if
you were asked of the same question? Comment.
Moral Development was a topic which the author considered to be very
interesting. The requirements of this interview were the following:
 Interview, at least, 4 College students: 2 men and 2 women of their views of
untimely pregnancies. Write their responses one by one but no need to write
their real name, only alias.
 Analyze the responses of your interviewees in the light of Kohlberg’s Moral
Development Theory.
The last topic was Parenting and Discipline. The following were the
requirements of the interview:
 Interview, at least, two parents about their parenting/discipline style or
approach. Write their responses.
 Analyze their responses in relation to Baumrind’s parenting style.

Field Study 2: Child and Adolescent Psychology

San Isidro College

The elementary teacher said that teachers can enhance it through tapping the areas in the brain that are not used through providing stimuli. logical-mathematical. and spatial intelligences. I found out that she gives more weight on performance in gauging the intelligence of her students. I would like to stress that these interviews are not enough to provide a generalization as that the number of interviewees are statistically insufficient to do so. she just simply replied with the ability to answer questions correctly and the ability to perform tasks with ease and beyond normal for the student’s age. open-minded. She does not rely only to questioning because she believes on the theory of multiple intelligences of Gardner. there are statements written as if they are true to all population for linguistic purposes only. ANALYSIS: Elementary teachers are more focused in developing and discovering the different intelligences that a student may have. high school teacher said that teachers can enhance it through providing a venue for learning and the value of learning and how to learn. A. On Theory of Intelligence 1 In the interview of an elementary teacher coming from a private school. With that focused.Parenting and Discipline Interview Reports 19 Analysis on the Results of Each Interview Below are my analysis on the series of interviews I have conducted on the randomly selected respondents. Since there is this strong belief in multiple intelligences among elementary teachers. She applies different activities in her classes and through these activities she was able to realize that the classes she handles have students with diverse intelligences. He also defined intelligent students with characteristics such as curious. It can even be said that they are more on successful 1 Analyze and comment on their answers in the light of the Theories of Intelligence. Both teachers believed that teaching can enhance learners’ intelligence. it can also be assumed that their grading system has changed from the traditional grading system which only caters the linguistic. it can be assumed that these teachers have varied teaching styles and that their pupils may experience more fun during their elementary learning journey. I found out that he gives more weight on the ability of the students to correctly respond to questions and instructions than on performance in determining students’ intelligence. High school teachers also believed in multiple intelligences. however. However. and critical thinkers. In my interview with a public high school teacher. Field Study 2: Child and Adolescent Psychology San Isidro College . When she was asked about the characteristics of an intelligent student. On the other hand. their focus is different. there are nine sets of intelligences. As to the theory of multiple intelligences authored by Howard Gardner.

Elementary teachers believe more on multiple intelligences while the high school teachers give more weight on successful intelligence theory. especially those students who are having no or minor intelligences on linguistic.. logical-mathematical. Most likely. I can say that those students who are members of religious organizations like Youth for Christ and Catechists are more likely in the Level 2 of Moral Development by Kohlberg. high school teachers have only limited teaching styles since the intelligence they want to develop is very limited. I guess there would be problem for pupils who will go in high school.E. The answers coming from an interview who is living in USA for several years already suggest that her moral development stage is in Stage 5 or Morality of Contract: Individual Rights. Listening carefully. 3 Analyze the responses of your interviewees in the light of Kohlberg’s Moral Development Theory. C OMMENT :  In my analysis. Based on the answers of the respondent. while the females are more on Stage 4 which is Authority and Morality that Maintain the Social Order. It is true that I would listen very carefully to my teachers during class discussions. for me. On Moral Development ANALYSIS: 3 Based on the data that I gathered. Field Study 2: Child and Adolescent Psychology San Isidro College . C. and Democratically Accepted Law.Parenting and Discipline Interview Reports 19 intelligence theory supporters. and visual spatial. I also like to take notes on the discussions because I don’t like to read books. B. She believes that untimely pregnancy is not immoral because it is only the result of an act 2 Question/Requirement: Are the answers of those you interview similar or different from your ideas. these type of students will not excel in high school. if you were asked of the same question? Comment. If this is really true to all teachers in elementary and high school. The males are more on the Stage 3 which is the Good boy morality. I only want to read those paragraphs or lines in the paragraphs which I perceived to be the most important to read. I want to practice what I learned in order to remember them. P. Chemistry. Their focus is more on developing the analytical thinking skills of the students. Programming. Lastly. On Cognitive Development 2 I found some of the answers of those students whom I had interviewed similar to my own answers if I will be asked of the same questions. and Electronics. I usually do this for subjects like Math. Their grading system is traditional. would allow me to think critically about the lessons and ask questions to my teachers for more knowledge and clarifications. there is a difference in belief on students’ intelligences.

ANALYSIS: Based on the facts gathered from the first parent. She was also consistent to her standards as she thinks that these could help her children to have a better life. she gives emphasis on developing the independence and self-reliance attitudes to her children. monetary support and nonmonetary support. The most important thing that I learned in this interview is the experience coming from a real person that says that there is no absolute 4 Analyze their responses in relation to Baumrind’s parenting style. She had even left her job when she learned that her son has a problem in school. especially on scholastic performance. In terms of control. However. based on facts. When it comes to monetary support. She also set house rules in their home like no vices (smoking and drinking) and never to come home very late. The last reason could be the real reason to the rebellious attitude of her son. According to her. On Parenting and Discipline ON THE FIRST PARENT 4 The first parent who was interviewed is a working mom with an unstable married life. she always make sure that she explains to them why they are punished. they can survive. When it comes to training her children to become independent. Her son is heavily influenced by his peers and has witnessed the negative attitudes of his father.Parenting and Discipline Interview Reports 19 which could either be moral or immoral. However. What she thinks that is immoral is the killing of an unborn child. she barely has it as that they are really poor. I was able to say this since. She defined support in to two. She also keeps an open communication to her children and practices the giving of reasons when inculcating discipline to her children. she said that she really trains them to become independent so that when the time comes that they have to live on their own. She applies corporal punishments to her children if ever they violate her rules. All that she can really give is the nonmonetary support. she would do anything just to be always there to her children in times of need. Field Study 2: Child and Adolescent Psychology San Isidro College . Even though she was able to set standards in their home. she said that she has more control to her daughter than to her son. D. She does not even think that premarital sex is an issue which gives an impression that it is a right for every people to engage it or not. it is hard to raise her children because of poverty and irresponsible husband. she does everything in order to provide her children with their needs. According to her. I could say that she raised her children following mostly the authoritative way of parenting and discipline.

They are affectionate. The set rules in their house which she believes that her partner is very consistent of when she is not around at home. She left her son under the care of her partner in Quezon. she said that they are really going to provide it as much as they can as a couple. However. Bukidnon. Based on her answers to my questions. 5 Local Government Unit Field Study 2: Child and Adolescent Psychology San Isidro College . ANALYSIS: With the data gathered from the second parents. warm. the second parent is not married. In terms of support.Parenting and Discipline Interview Reports 19 correct parenting style in raising children. When I knew about authoritative parenting. especially her. I thought it is really the best parenting style. and it shows in the hardly manageable behavior of her son in spite of a sound parenting style. ON THE SECOND PARENT The second parent whom I interviewed was a working mom also. They are also at time inconsistent with the disciplining because of the idea of “making up” with the lost time with him. She has only one child who is mostly under the care of a hired nanny for she and her partner are working. She said that she is usually the lenient parent in disciplining the child between them. have really less control over their child. due to their job. However. she admits that they. Aside from that. In raising their son. she has also a good flowing relationship with her partner who has also a more stable source of income as an LGU 5 worker. However. in the case of the first parent. they only have little supervision to their son. it shows that there are some things which parents really have little control of and perhaps cannot control. she said that the disciplinarian is her partner. I can say that she and her partner are loving parents to their child. She and her partner is in “Live-In” for about five years already. while she works most of the days in a week in Cagayan de Oro City. loving. she has a more stable job compared to the parent mentioned earlier. however. I can say that they are practicing indulgent type of parenting and discipline. and nurturing. however.

Parenting and Discipline Interview Reports 19 Theory of Intelligence Interview Reports Field Study 2: Child and Adolescent Psychology San Isidro College .

She taught Science and English subjects. According to her. She has been in the institution for around 7 years already. Purpose of the Interview:    Know how teachers can determine intelligent students or pupils in their classes Determine the characteristics of intelligent students or pupils Understand how teaching can enhance learner’s intelligence Summary of Interview:    She determines intelligent students by allowing them to perform several activities and not only through asking students questions that tests their knowledge about the subjects. Field Study 2: Child and Adolescent Psychology San Isidro College . For her. Lucine Date: May 8. Jade Peñafiel Interviewed: Position: Elementary Teacher Institution: San Isidro College – GS Department Interviewer: Jimdandy S. there are areas in the brains of the students that are untouched and the role of the teachers is to activate these areas through stimulation. intelligent students are those that can o answer questions correctly o Perform certain activities with ease and beyond normal She believes that teaching can indeed enhance learner’s intelligence. She also handles the School Paper of the institution. She handles Grade 5 and 6 students.Parenting and Discipline Interview Reports 19 Person Ms. 2014 @ 10:30 AM Nature of Face-to-Face Interview Interview: About the Person Interviewed: Ms. Peñafiel is 27 years of age.

efficiency shows intelligence. questions the questions…” Teaching enhances learner’s intelligence is what he firmly believes.” Field Study 2: Child and Adolescent Psychology San Isidro College . According to him. He took his education degree in Bukidnon State University.Parenting and Discipline Interview Reports 19 Person Adonis Acodili Labial Interviewed: Position: High School Teacher Institution: Mimbunga National High School Interviewer: Jimdandy S. Labial can tell that a student is intelligent if the student is able to give correct responses to questions and instructions. Labial is a high school teacher from Mimbunga National High School. He further added that “it is important that learners are given the avenues of expanding the boundaries of their learning. 2014 @ 8:47 PM to 9:08 PM Nature of On-line Interview (Thru Facebook Chat) Interview: About the Person Interviewed: Mr. a teacher does not only teaches content but also the value of learning and how to learn. open-minded. He said intelligent students are those that are curious. Purpose of the Interview:    Know how teachers can determine intelligent students or pupils in their classes Determine the characteristics of intelligent students or pupils Understand how teaching can enhance learner’s intelligence Summary of Interview:    Mr. Lucine Date: May 10. He expounded critical into finding “meaning to answers and questions… questions the answers. He lives in Gingoog City. According to him. and critical.

Parenting and Discipline Interview Reports 19 Cognitive Development Interview Reports Field Study 2: Child and Adolescent Psychology San Isidro College .

he will be a fourth year high school student. He is also the President of the Student Body Organization. Purpose of the Interview: Know the different techniques used by students in order to learn their lessons Summary of Interview: The following are the things done by Ed in order to learn the lessons taught in school: o reviewing of notes every night o taking notes during class discussions o practicing in group for lessons that requires physical activities He also noted that for regular days. he only does skimming and scanning of his notes. He is active in school activities. he reviewed his notes intensively Field Study 2: Child and Adolescent Psychology San Isidro College . By June 2014. but on examination days. 2014 @ 11:05 AM Nature of Face-to-Face Interview Interview: About the Person Interviewed: Ed likes to help friends. Lucine Date: May 8.Parenting and Discipline Interview Reports 19 Person Ed Francis Rasonabe Interviewed: Year Level: 3rd Year High School Student Institution: San Isidro College Interviewer: Jimdandy S.

In the opening of the new school year this June. Purpose of the Interview:  Know the different techniques used by students in order to learn their lessons Summary of Interview:     He studies his lessons. Field Study 2: Child and Adolescent Psychology San Isidro College .Parenting and Discipline Interview Reports 19 Person Ian Nicolas L. If there are lessons which he does not understand. 2014 @ 1:30 PM Nature of Face-to-Face Interview Interview: About the Person Interviewed: Ian is the son of two high school teachers in San Isidro College. Lucine Date: May 8. he reviews Math problems in order to master math lessons. He is enrolled in the Operation Head Start or OHS program of the said institution this summer. he will be in Grade 7. Every day. he ask questions to his teachers. Ybañez Interviewed: Grade Level: Grade 6 students Institution: San Isidro College Interviewer: Jimdandy S. He listens to his teachers during class discussions.

Purpose of the Interview:  Know the different techniques used by students in order to learn their lessons Summary of Interview:    He studies his lessons. Lucine Date: May 8.Parenting and Discipline Interview Reports 19 Person Bambu Miguel P. If he is absent. He listens to his teachers during class discussions. Field Study 2: Child and Adolescent Psychology San Isidro College . he will be in Grade 7. In the next school year. he ask his classmates about the lessons he had missed in order to understand them. Revelo Interviewed: Grade Level: Grade 6 students Institution: Malaybalay City Central School Interviewer: Jimdandy S. 2014 @ 1:30 PM Nature of Face-to-Face Interview Interview: About the Person Interviewed: Bambu is currently enrolled in the OHS Program of the school.

Parenting and Discipline Interview Reports 19 Moral Development Interview Reports Field Study 2: Child and Adolescent Psychology San Isidro College .

he could fix it by becoming a responsible father and husband. Purpose of the Interview:  Determine the view of college students on untimely pregnancy Summary of Interview:     Ariel defined pregnancy as having a child in a womb of a woman. Field Study 2: Child and Adolescent Psychology San Isidro College . Lucine Date: May 8. He would be shy to both his parents and his girlfriend’s parents. He is a member of the CFC-Youth of Christ religious organization. He believes that the trust of both his parents and his girlfriend’s parents would be broken. the first word that would come into his mind is shame. When given the situation that his family and his girlfriend’s family will always support him no matter what happens.Parenting and Discipline Interview Reports 19 Person Rey Ariel Belisario Interviewed: Year Level First Year College Institution: Central Mindanao University Interviewer: Jimdandy S. The course he has taken in CMU is Bachelor of Arts major in Psychology. his view on untimely pregnancy will not be changed. however. Rey Ariel Belisario is an incoming second year student of Central Mindanao University (CMU). He said that if he impregnated his girlfriend. 2014 @ 9:00 PM to 9:42 PM Nature of On-line Interview (Thru Facebook Chat) Interview: About the Person Interviewed: Mr.

He also believes that untimely pregnancy may cause unbalance way of lifestyle because they (the couples) are not that free to do things that they should be doing at their age. Catechists. He is from Iligan City and is a member of Youth Apostolate. Field Study 2: Child and Adolescent Psychology San Isidro College . Untimely pregnancy is immoral o Because pregnancy should be planned o If unprepared. 2014 @ 1:47 PM Nature of Face-to-face Interview Interview: About the Person Interviewed: Bert is a first year college student in San Isidro College. Social Actions. and Family and Life Apostolate organizations. Lucine Date: May 12. there is a possibility that the parent can’t rear the children very well He based his judgment of the immorality of untimely pregnancy on the teachings of the Church.Parenting and Discipline Interview Reports 19 Person Bert Interviewed: Year Level First Year College Institution: San Isidro College Interviewer: Jimdandy S. Purpose of the Interview:  Determine the view of college students on untimely pregnancy Summary of Interview:     Bert said that if couples engaged with untimely pregnancy. they would have a hard time in handling their family in the future. He is currently taking Bachelor of Secondary Education.

His parents are just humble vendors. Lucine Date: May 12.Parenting and Discipline Interview Reports 19 Person Yanyan Interviewed: Year Level First Year College Institution: San Isidro College Interviewer: Jimdandy S. It can cause trouble between the couple and their family. He is currently enrolled in San Isidro College as first year secondary education student. 2014 @ 2:24 PM Nature of Face-to-Face Interview Interview: About the Person Interviewed: Yanyan has two sisters. He based his judgment on this matter on his own principles which is to finish study first before engaging into boy-girl relationship. He believes that untimely pregnancy is wrong. Purpose of the Interview:  Determine the view of college students on untimely pregnancy Summary of Interview:    He defined untimely pregnancy as unplanned pregnancy. Field Study 2: Child and Adolescent Psychology San Isidro College .

e. she is now trying to shy away from it because she believes that as we grow up. she believes that her moral judgment is due to personal learnings. we have to think for ourselves. Now. Florida. Purpose of the Interview:  Determine the view of college students on untimely pregnancy Summary of Interview:    Ms. Lucine Date: May 12. Toledo believes that untimely pregnancy is not an immoral act because it is only the result of an act which could be moral or immoral.” Her perception on morality is largely influenced by how she was raised. She defined untimely pregnancy as “when one is not ready for having a baby or not yet ready to be responsible for another human being. 2014 @ 10:54 AM to 11:25 AM Nature of On-line Interview (Thru Facebook Chat) Interview: About the Person Interviewed: Ms. Florida. premarital sex. USA.g. She is currently studying in Broward College in Davie. Field Study 2: Child and Adolescent Psychology San Isidro College . what is immoral is the killing of the unborn child. She leaves in Dania Beach. KenYeah Toledo was a student of Central Mindanao University and San Isidro College. However. It does not necessarily mean that it is teen pregnancy. She even argued that premarital sex is not a moral dilemma for her.Parenting and Discipline Interview Reports 19 Person KenYeah Toledo Interviewed: Year Level Institution: Broward College Interviewer: Jimdandy S. Thus. she judge an act as right or wrong not because of others but because of what she believes.

R.R. Field Study 2: Child and Adolescent Psychology San Isidro College . Kraye Interviewed: Year Level Institution: San Isidro College Interviewer: Jimdandy S. Kraye is a BSOA student in San Isidro College. She is an active member of her church. Purpose of the Interview:  Determine the view of college students on untimely pregnancy Summary of Interview:   Kraye believes that untimely pregnancy is immoral because it is against God’s law and man’s law. 2014 @ 10:36 AM to 10:47 AM Nature of On-line Interview (Thru Facebook Chat) Interview: About the Person Interviewed: A. She said that if it is inside marriage. Lucine Date: May 12.Parenting and Discipline Interview Reports 19 Person A. it is moral. Her judgment on the rightness and wrongness of untimely pregnancy is based heavily on the teachings of their Church. the Adventist Church.

Parenting and Discipline Interview Reports 19 Parenting and Discipline Interview Reports Field Study 2: Child and Adolescent Psychology San Isidro College .

Malaybalay City Interviewer: Jimdandy S. She is married for about fifteen years to a guy whom she described as an irresponsible husband and father. 2014 Nature of Face-to-Face Interview Interview: About the Person Interviewed: Ate Linda is a mother of two children.Parenting and Discipline Interview Reports 19 Person (A. She supposed to have three children but unluckily she had a miscarriage.A. She always remind her children about her standards. she does not punish her children but just show clues that she is dismay like being sad or weak upon knowing that her standard was not met. Casisang. She also always remind her children about these rules like never come home late. never smoke. Though. never drink liquors. Her family is poor. Purpose of the Interview:  Determine the parenting and/or discipline styles applied by the interviewee Summary of Interview:     Ate Linda sets standards of performance to her children especially in school. There were two heavy corporal punishments that she was able to apply to her eldest son which she can never forget because she really does not like to do it. e. Her eldest is a boy who is now 14 years old and her youngest is a girl who is now 9 years old. for she was able to send her children to school. their work is not regular and thus there are times when both of them does not have an income.) Linda Interviewed: Role in the Mother Family: Address: Landing. Lucine Date: May 10. Her daughter and son will already be in Grade 4 and Grade 8 respectively this June. etc.g. so that her children will be able to internalize them. never fail in all subjects. These are the spanking of her son with the use of a wood that is used for Field Study 2: Child and Adolescent Psychology San Isidro College . she still feels blessed by the Lord. If ever her standard is not met. However. a person who is always drunk and has many vices. Rules are also set in her home. For her. rules are not meant to be broken that is why she applies corporal punishment to her children if ever they violate her rules.K. She and her husband have to work any kinds of jobs in order to support their family.

She said. There is a scenario which proves her belief on it. if she scolds her son because she caught him drinking hard liquors. 6 The wood which we use in creating a fire in dirty kitchen or bonfire… Field Study 2: Child and Adolescent Psychology San Isidro College . when she explained why she is very angry. she believes that her children understands her explanations.Parenting and Discipline Interview Reports 19     “sugnod”6 and “pagpatay sa sigarilyo sa tiil sa iyang anak”. She trains her children to become independent by assigning household chores. She trains her children to become independent. Ate Linda has also control over her daughter. her husband tells her to stop and let their son drink hard liquors. She always explains to her children why she is angry or why she punishes them. It was when she and her eldest son had a fight because she caught him stealing. she can leave her children at home while she is away for work. According to her. She said her son then just stopped. In fact. She said her son was about to punch her. The reasons that she could think about the cause of her son’s radical behavior were peer influence or “barkada” and her husband who encourages negative behaviors and who always contradicts her way of disciplining their children. paused and did not argue anymore. that she really had a hard time. but to her son. she said. she was able to do that because she was overwhelm with negative emotions. According to her. according to her.

her partner punishes him through spanking. Rollyn is not yet married. Lucine Date: May 11. The name of her partner is Jan Anthony. 2014 @ 4:18 PM to 4:53 PM Nature of On-line Interview (Thru Facebook Chat) Interview: About the Person Interviewed: Ms. She and her longtime boyfriend is in “live-in” for about five years already. However. Purpose of the Interview:  Determine the parenting and/or discipline styles applied by the interviewee Summary of Interview:  The one who disciplines her son is her partner.  There is inconsistency in giving punishments to their son. They have one child who is already four years old and in pre-school. Ms. she said that her partner. It is usually because of her.  They set rules in their home and if their son violates these rules. Bukidnon Interviewer: Jimdandy S. Both of them are working that is why they leave their child under the care of a hired nanny. explains to their son why he was scolded. She is over caring to their son and just easily gives in to his whims because she only meets him rarely. or sometimes she.Parenting and Discipline Interview Reports 19 Person Rollyn May Interviewed: Role in the Mother Family: Address: Quezon. Rollyn works at Concentrix in Cagayan de Oro and because of that she only meets her son and her partner every rest day or vacation leave. Field Study 2: Child and Adolescent Psychology San Isidro College . she and her partner always do their best to support their son.  She said that in terms of support.