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Contact: nammakpsc@gmail.


© nammaKPSC

April 2015

The Kannada Language Learning Bill 2015
The Karnataka Panchayat Raj (Amendment) Bill, 2015
Jeevana Shikshana
Indradhanush Mission
Nendran Banana and Bangalore Rose Onion gets GI tag
Operation Raahat
Iran Nuclear Agreement
National Air Quality Index (AQI)
INS Kalvari
Dena Bank ties up with LIC
Project ‘Mausam’
The Real Estate (Regulation & Development) Bill
Foreign Trade Policy 2015- 2020
The Social Progress Index
Child Labour Welfare Corpus Fund
New software to improve children’s Aadhaar enrolment
MNREGA wages hiked by Rs. 13 a day

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Office hours changed in 8 districts of Karnataka
MUDRA bank launched
The Justice A. J. Sadashiva Inquiry Commission
Thane named India’s Earth Hour Capital
Caste census in Karnataka
Rating of Tourism facility in Karnataka
Amendment to the Karnataka Preservation of Trees Act
Belgaum Fort declared heritage monument
SyndicateBank to offer low-cost insurance scheme
Micro-solar dome
Sania Mirza
The final ward-wise reservation list of Bruhat Bangalore Mahanagara Palike
The Cauvery Gallery
Vachanas in two reader-friendly volumes
The State-level Vigilance and Monitoring Committee (SVMC)
Bike ambulances
Testing fluoride content in Chickballapur tube wells
U.N. imposes arms embargo on Houthi rebels
New visa scheme renamed “e-Tourist Visa”
Lagori league
Karnataka on a rapid urbanisation path
Chinkara found in Bukapatna state forests in Sira taluk in Tumakuru district
Jayadeva Institute to set up cardiology centre in Kalaburagi hospital
Women’s wing in KSRP
City to get a two-acre park for renewable energy
Special session next week to disband BBMP
Bengaluru-based director to air serial on FB
First job portal for transgenders in India
Mediterranean Migrants
Agri eco-tourism project
Kyasanur Forest Disease

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82. India to hand over three Cheetal copters to Kabul INS Visakhapatnam Chinese visit to Pakistan India has 988 species on IUCN ‘Red List’ Parrot Lady Impeachment procedure against S. 71. 66. 78. 70. 85. 83. 69. 59. 73. 75. 65.K. 68. 90. 79. Russian initiatives with MSR Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. 57. 89. 84.55. 62. © nammaKPSC . Gangele New visa scheme for tourists from Sri Lanka Jog Falls India broadband reach GAGAN kicks off new forest database New species of gecko found Waste-to-energy projects Rail fence project launched at Nagarahole Maglev train Packets of Drugs Seized From Pakistan Boat Intercepted Off Porbandar Drone in Bandipur Park sky to track poachers Prof H M Maheshwaraiah Kataria Committee report Board set up on classical Kannada IT attacks in the city China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) The Karnataka Land and Revenue (Amendment) Bill. 67. 87. 60. 63. 61. 2015 Coastal Regulation Zone-1 (CRZ-1) norms Sangeeta Bhatia Former Egyptian President verdict Transferrable Development Rights (TDR) Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spirituality Augmentation Drive (PRASAD) China to integrate Mongolian. 72. 81. 2015 Panchayat Raj Sashaktikaran (empowerment) award Reserve Bank revises norms for priority sector lending Asian African Conference 2015 in Indonesia Cabinet cleared Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Bill Kataria committee report The State government response to kasturirangan panel report Revised Master Plan 2031 for Bangalore The Karnataka Municipal Corporation (Amendment) Bill. 64. 86. 56. 58. 88. 76. 80. 77.

102. 107. 104. 103. 94. 93. 97. 106. 96. 2014 India and Afghanistan In Residence programme Proposal to move Official Amendments to the Prevention of Corruption (Amendment) Bill. Instant self-test HIV kit Zippr Code Intelligent Transport System (ITS) Nepal earthquake Operation Maitri Rights of Transgender Persons © nammaKPSC . 92.91. 100. 101. 2013 Smart cities and Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) Hockey in My Blood Bidriware Sri Lanka adopts 19th Amendment Saudi King names new heir Renewable Energy has come under priority sector lending Sugar import duty hiked to 40 per cent Chikungunya vaccine Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. 105. 99. 98. 95.

com © nammaKPSC . NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL ISSUES The Kannada Language Learning Bill 2015        The Karnataka Assembly on 30th March passed a bill making the study of the local Kannada language compulsory for all students from class 1 to class 10 in all schools in the state. the Supreme Court had last year ruled that the state cannot impose the regional language in a state for imparting primary education. The Kannada Language Learning Bill 2015 codifies a policy decision of the state government to ensure that all students must be taught Kannada “as one of the compulsory language in all classes in a phased manner from the academic year 2015-16” The new law is seen as a means to work around a Supreme Court order of May 2014 that struck down the usage of Kannada as the mandatory medium of instruction in primary schools in the state. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. schools shall follow text books prescribed by the state.IMPORTANT STATE. While dealing with cases arising out of a 1994 state government order which made Kannada the mandatory medium of instruction in all schools in the state. According to the new law. Kannada writers and literary figures to find a way to ensure all students in the state learn the local language. The state government subsequently on the direction of Chief Minister Siddaramaiah held discussions with educators. Schools that are not teaching Kannada as a first or second language at present must introduce it in class 1 from the 2015-16 academic year and extended it till class X. Moreover. Kannada shall be taught either as a first language or a second language in all schools.

None of the above Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. ii only c. “As many as 22 countries have made voting compulsory and only 10 of them impose penalty on electorates who do not turn up at polling © nammaKPSC . there is no penal provision against those who violate the “compulsory voting” clause. The continuation of rotation of reservation of SC. 2015. Which of the following statement is true with respect to the Bill? i. ST and Other Backward Classes and non-reserved category up to 10 years and provides for one half reservation to women in all panchayats However. i only B.year tenure will prevent these activities. 2015 The Bill Provides for     Making voting compulsory in panchayat elections. Model Question: The Karnataka legislative assembly passed the Karnataka Panchayat Raj (Amendment) Bill. Why this amendment?   Government wanted to make voting compulsory in panchayat elections to ensure greater participation of people. Increasing the terms of office of presidents and vice-presidents of gram. A full five. The members are indulging in a lot of politics instead of development. It makes voting compulsory ii. i and ii D. Gujarat and Rajasthan have already made voting compulsory in panchayat elections.The Karnataka Panchayat Raj (Amendment) Bill. The electorate to select None Of The Above (NOTA) option while exercising their franchise. There were all sorts of malpractices at panchayat level due to short tenure of the president and vice-president . It provides for 50% women reservation in local bodies Select correct answer using the code given below A. taluk and zilla panchayats from the present 30 months to five years.

polio.The Tumkur City Municipal Corporation presented the first paperless e-budget in the State for 2015-16 Jeevana Shikshana     It is celebration time for ‘Jeevana Shikshana’. the magazine was subsequently renamed ‘Shala Patraka’ in © nammaKPSC . This continues to be popular among teachers till today. ‘Kannada Prathamika Shikshaka’ in 1929 and finally ‘Jeevana Shikshana’ in 1956. In the first phase. Ballari. It would be taken up in BBMP jurisdiction and in Bengalurue (Urban) due to high concentration of migration workers or labourers Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. which include diphtheria. the first-ever magazine on primary education in the country. thus helping teachers to keep themselves abreast with the latest developments in the field of education. whooping cough. Indradhanush Mission      As many as 59. tuberculosis. aged below two. Yadgir.878 children. June and July. The magazine was launched at a time when modern education in Kannada was in the nascent stage and there was no guide for Kannada-medium teachers. ‘Kannada Shala Patraka’ in 1871. immunisation will be taken up for one week from the 7th of April. This magazine joined the list of a few others that have been published continuously for the last 150 years. measles and hepatitis B. who have missed their routine immunisation in the five Hyderabad-Karnataka districts of Kalaburagi. Expecting mothers will also be immunised for tetanus To ensure complete coverage. the programme will be taken up in five Hyderabad Karnataka districts as they have a low record of immunisation. Raichur. Bengaluru (Urban) and in the jurisdiction of Bengaluru Bruhat Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) will be covered under the Centre’s ‘Mission Indradhanush’ that will be launched in the city on April 7 the programme was aimed at covering all those children who have either missed vaccination or are partially vaccinated against seven vaccine-preventable diseases. Koppal. tetanus. May. as it has kept pace with the changing times and addresses contemporary issues. It is published by the District Institute of Education and Training (DIET) and reaches 11. Started as ‘Matha Patrike’ in April 1865 by legendary educationist Deputy Chennabasappa.800 schools in nine districts of Belagavi division.

Khasi Mandarin and Kachai Lemon. can apply in writing to the Registrar of GI. Arunachal Orange. As per the Act. also known Chengazhikode Banana.Nendran Banana and Bangalore Rose Onion gets GI tag Kerala’s sumptuous Nendran Banana and Karnataka’s Bangalore Rose Onion have got geographical indication (GI Tag) registrations from the Geographical Indications Registry. The crop is mainly cultivated in organic mode and the crop duration is 13-14 months. Mizo © nammaKPSC . The Bangalore Rose Onion grown in Bangalore and its surrounding areas is famous for its high pungency compared to other varieties. Kerala. Varanasi Wooden Lacquer Wear and Toys and foods such as Ratlami Sev of Madhya Pradesh. Assam Karbi Anglong Ginger. Tripura Queen Pineapple. handicraft items such as Khurja Pottery. bunch shape and fruit colour. Tezpur Litchi. Chengazhikodan Nendran Banana. particularly during the Onam season. Bunches of Chengalikodan are particularly used as ‘Kazhchakula’(auspicious sighting) to be offered in temples and also as gift to relatives and friends. Among GI tag recipients are the Naga Tree Tomato. GI helps a community of producers to differentiate their products from competing products in the market and build goodwill around their products. reputation or other characteristic of the goods is essentially attributable to its geographical origin. turn golden yellow with red patches. Joynagarer Moa from West Bengal and Rajasthan’s Makrana Marble. on ripening. This variety of Nendran Banana is famed for its characteristic taste. any association of persons or producers or any organization established by or under any law for the time being in force representing the interest of the producers of concerned goods. where a given quality. Chennai. Banaras Gulabi Meenakari Craft. Sikkim Large Cardamom. The mature fruits are pale yellow and. is among the most popular traditional fruits cultivated in Thrissur district. What is GI? Geographical indication (GI) refers to any indication that identifies the goods as originating from a particular place. which often fetches a premium price. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail.

the destroyer INS Mumbai and the frigate INS Tarkash have set sail from India. it was entitled to enrichment of uranium for energy generation. There has been increased urgency for evacuation with mounting fears of a ground invasion by Saudi-led forces into Yemen to fight back the Houthi rebels in control.” he told The Hindu. The program includes a vast uranium enrichment plant at Natanz and a heavy water plant at Arak. The problem is road travel is curtailed because they are fighting. Officials say the Op. Two more © nammaKPSC . and would reach the Yemen coast by April 2. Naval Ship INS Sumitra which was diverted from anti-piracy duty in the Gulf of Aden and anchored just off the Yemen coast has entered Aden to assist the evacuation operation that has been officially named “Operation Raahat”. Iran Nuclear Agreement How did the dispute begin?   In 2002 nuclear program previously unknown to the United Nations was discovered in Iran. The other problem was that the Saudi forces were not extending bigger airflight windows to allow the evacuation flights to operate from Sana’a. officials said. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail.Operation Raahat       After a delay in beginning the evacuation of Indians stranded in Yemen owing to intensified fighting in Aden. including two IAF C-17 Globemasters and two Air India flights stationed in Muscat all together to launch a “composite” evacuation effort. The United States accuses Tehran of an "across-theboard pursuit of weapons of mass destruction. and are equipped to deal with several contingencies." Iran has always maintained that its nuclear programme was meant only for peaceful purposes and that as a signatory to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Raahat plan is to deploy all naval ships and four aircraft. India on 31st march night received permission to dock its vessel at the port of Aden to evacuate nearly 400 stranded Indians to Djibouti.

among others. Bush. How will Iran benefit? Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. The determination of U. These actions had invited sanctions from not only the U. over repairing ties with Iran and bringing about an agreement over the latter’s nuclear programme helped.S. Russia and the United States) (Europe 3+3 or P5+1 of the Security Council and Germany) in Lausanne. had led to defiance from the Mahmoud Ahmadinejad-led © nammaKPSC . and the EU. including recurring talk of open hostility from the U. Switzerland According to the draft agreement: 1.S. 2. What is the current deal about? Or what is Joint comprehensive plan of action? (JCPOA) The joint comprehensive plan of action (JCPOA) on Iran’s nuclear programme announced by Iran and the EU 3+3 (the United Kingdom. bring uranium stocks down from 10. France. and the EU will withdraw all sanctions that have crippled the Iranian economy for years. the U. and Israel. Iran went on to expand its nuclear programme by furthering enrichment capabilities and building clandestine nuclear facilities.N. but the UN as well. Iran will reduce the number of installed centrifuges by two-thirds. 3. President Barack Obama to reverse the rigid stance of his more conservative predecessor. The U.. Turn its nuclear facility in Fordow into an R&D facility for 15 years.S. George W. Germany along with China. The Iran’s current regime is headed by a pragmatist in President Hassan Rouhani who was elected in 2013 on the premise of bringing about an entente with the West.   But the unrelenting pressure from the West in the past decade.000 kg to 300 kg LEU (low-enriched uranium) 2. All the excess stockpile and nuclear parts will be kept at an IAEA-monitored location 4. which had hurt Iran economically and also made it difficult for countries such as India to engage in trade with the country This lead to 18-month-long negotiations between the various parties finally bore fruit What helped in the breakthrough? 1.S.

From insurance to raising capital. The nuclear agreement with Iran should also help ease the long-standing hostile ties between the U. Germany B. What is the benefit for India?     India’s imports from Iran — particularly petroleum products — had been severely curtailed due to the sanctions. as India has been unable to pay Iran about $8. This Would benefit our economic engagement greatly as even the most normal transactions had become very tedious for Indian businesses.The possible reward for Iran’s promised steps. and international pressure on cutting its oil imports from Iran.S.S. and Iran eventually helping to change at least some equations in the conflict-ridden West Asian region Model Question: Which of the following country was not a part of the E3+3 or P5+1 grouping involved in the nuclear negotiation with Iran? A. with an extremely high balance of trade problem. Japan © nammaKPSC . France D. allowing for thorough inspections by the International Atomic Energy Agency and giving up nuclear reprocessing is the lifting of the tough sanctions regime against the country. China Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. every deal faced international hurdles India and Iran have an annual bilateral trade of about $14 billion. namely ramping down its uranium enrichment capabilities and stockpiles of enriched uranium.8 billion for oil due to sanctions The government has also had to bow to U. and in March 2015 halted oil imports altogether for the first time in more than a decade in order to keep its international commitments. reducing the number of centrifuges.

indicates good quality air while maroon at the other end indicates severe pollution. The government said the aim was to eventually deploy the index in all cities with a population of over one million. Lucknow. Kanpur. Launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi during the two-day Environment and Forest Minister's conference The new index will initially cover 10 cities — Delhi. the index identifies associated health impacts. the advisory reads: “May cause respiratory impact even on healthy people. The Air Quality Index may prove to be a major impetus to improving air quality in urban areas. Chennai. For example when the scale touches maroon. and serious health impacts on people with lung/heart disease. Bangalore and Hyderabad — each of which would have monitoring stations with Air Quality Index display boards. Varanasi. Faridabad.National Air Quality Index (AQI)         The government on 6th April launched the National Air Quality Index (AQI) that will put out real time data about the level of pollutants in the air and inform people about the possible impacts on health. Dark green. The health impacts may be experienced even during light physical activity. Ahmedabad. as it will improve public awareness in cities to take steps for air pollution mitigation The AQI is a global standard used to understand air quality. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. For each category.” INS Kalvari   India's first Scorpene submarine INS Kalvari launched for sea trials on 6th April The first of the six French Scorpene submarine joined the long list of key Indian defence platforms that have been awaiting final inductions into the armed forces after achieving key development milestones. It takes multiple data on pollution already available with the country's Central Pollution Control Board and presents it as a colour coded scale with six © nammaKPSC . the first level. Agra.

will be made available to navy only in September 2016 after undergoing sea trials.   Kalvari. Without AIP. is based on the combustion of stored oxygen and ethanol to augment battery-powered propulsion. Accordingly. known as MESMA (Module d’Energie Sous-Marine Autonome). A benefit of this approach is that it can be retrofitted into existing submarine hulls by inserting an additional hull section. Significance of AIP:     Notably. AIP systems are auxiliary. AIP does not normally provide the endurance Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. It is a weapons platform not visible to the naked eye. AIP significantly improves stealth because it enables a submarine to generate electricity for services and battery charging and propulsion while completely submerged. lighting and amenities for crew. It features diesel propulsion and an additional air-independent propulsion (AIP) system. A submarine’s diesel engines can only be started once the snorkel has cleared the surface to take in oxygen in the fresh air. The DCNS system. powering a submarine’s to operate and also generate © nammaKPSC . AIP significantly improves stealth because it enables a submarine to generate electricity for services and battery charging and propulsion while completely submerged. What is Air-independent propulsion? Air-independent propulsion (AIP) is any technology which allows a non-nuclear submarine to operate without the need to access atmospheric oxygen (by surfacing or using a snorkel). This significantly increases the risk of detection. Snorkeling depth is about the same as periscope depth. The submarine however. like a smaller hull inserted in the main body. diesel-electric submarines have to come up to snorkeling depths just below the surface or surface at shorter intervals so that the diesel engines can recharge their batteries. they enable conventional dieselelectric submarines to remain submerged for two to three weeks at a time. They generate electricity. AIP can augment or replace the diesel-electric propulsion system of non-nuclear vessels. as the first Scorpene has been christened. a submarine is about stealth. was undocked in Mumbai’s Mazagon Docks Limited after much delay.

The aircraft carrier will not be ready for an operational role before the end of 2018. The six French conventional boats were part of the ambitious 24 submarine construction plan conceived in 1999 which has fallen off track for numerous reasons. the undocking of Scorpene is just a small step towards building blue water capability of the Indian Navy whose underwater arm has struggled to evolve into a sturdy unit. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. A typical conventional power plant will provide 3 megawatts maximum. and an AIP source around 10% of that. A nuclear submarine’s propulsion plant is usually much greater than 20 megawatts. Another advantage is that the Non-nuclear submarines running on battery power or AIP can be virtually silent. which is being constructed at Cochin shipyard. which is not expected by the end of this year. The government is in the process to finalise domestic shipyards for making the next line of submarines under project 75 A. Vikrant was launched in July 2013. Some movement has taken place on the construction of remaining boats under the 24-submarine plan. has been waiting for the home-built Main Battle Tank Arjun for several years. It can be declared fit for service only after the final operational clearance certification. The Light Combat Aircraft Tejas initially got two operational clearances. As far as navy is concerned. but is yet to be inducted into the IAF. too. It is now hoping that the mark II version of the tank will be ready for operations after undergoing technological improvements. The navy is also awaiting the induction of indigenous aircraft carrier © nammaKPSC . The Indian Air Force (IAF) also has its own share of wait-lists. The army.       or power to replace the atmospheric dependent propulsion. but allows it to remain submerged longer than a more conventionally propelled submarine.

In case of long term option. with a risk coverage of Rs 2 lakh.debited every year by the bank. A person can opt for the scheme for a year or prefer to continue it as a long term option. can continue to have the risk of life cover up to the age of 55 years. his account will be auto. The scheme has an annual premium of Rs © nammaKPSC . Prime Minister’s Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJBY) scheme: The Scheme is to benefit people in case of death for any reason. subject to the payment of premium.Dena Bank ties up with LIC Dena Bank recently signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) of India under the Prime Minister’s Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJBY) scheme to provide insurance cover to all Aadhaar-linked savings account holders of the bank in the age group of 18 to 50 years. People who join the scheme before completing the age of 50. Under the scheme. The scheme will come in effect from June 1.  It is a Project under which the Government of India has proposed to establish cross cultural linkages and to revive historic maritime cultural and economic ties with 39 Indian Ocean countries. a person has to opt for the scheme every year. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. Project ‘Mausam’  China has expressed its readiness to work with India to link its ambitious Maritime Silk Road plans with India’s ‘Mausam’ project in a bid to address India’s strategic concerns and derive common benefits. The premium will be directly auto. having a bank account. 2015.debited by the bank from the subscriber’s account. a risk of Rs.       It is available to people in the age group of 18 to 50.2 lakh will be covered in case of death and a premium sum of Rs. As per the terms of risk coverage.330 per annum will be auto-debited to the account holder’s account.

The Bill is expected ensure greater accountability towards consumers. Pakistan among others. Egypt. and to significantly reduce frauds and delays. Iran and Vietnam. but also connected the coastal centres to their hinterlands. Bangladesh. China.     The 39 countries include Bahrain. Quatar in June. The central themes that hold Project ‘Mausam’ together are those of cultural routes and maritime landscapes that not only linked different parts of the Indian Ocean littoral. through enhanced private participation Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. South Africa. Iraq. The endeavour of Project ‘Mausam’ is to position itself at two levels: at the macro level it aims to reconnect and re-establish communications between countries of the Indian Ocean world. professionalism and standardization Expected to boost domestic and foreign investment in the sector and help achieve the objective of the Government of India to provide ‘Housing for All by 2022’. It seeks to protect the interests of consumers and establish regulatory bodies at the Centre and States for ethical and transparent business practices in the real estate sector. Singapore. It is a Ministry of Culture project with Archaeological Society of India (ASI) as the nodal agency and Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA) as its Research Unit. Project ‘Mausam’ was launched in the 30th Session of World Heritage Committee meeting which was held at Doha. It is expected to promote regulated and orderly growth of the real estate sector through efficiency. The Real Estate (Regulation & Development) Bill The Real Estate (Regulation & Development) Bill has been approved by the Union Cabinet Objective:      It is aimed at addressing a long-standing demand to bring in a regulator for the real estate sector. Thailand. UAE. 2014 and since then it has received positive response from countries such as © nammaKPSC . Qatar. Cambodia. while at the micro level the focus is on understanding national cultures in their regional maritime milieu. Yemen. Mauritius. Myanmar. which would lead to an enhanced understanding of cultural values and concerns. Philippines.

The Bill also seeks to enforce the contract between the developer and buyer and a fast track mechanism to settle disputes. It aims at increase in almost doubling the exports over the next five years . The policy seeks to tie-in foreign trade with major government initiatives like Make in India. Towards this.2020 The new FTP calls for the "enhancement of the entire trade ecosystem". land status. Digital India. It brings the commercial segment of the real estate sector within the ambit of the Bill The Bill also now includes a condition that prohibits a developer from changing the plan in a project unless 2/3rd of the allottees have agreed for such a change. The earlier Bill had mandated that a developer put 70 per cent of the buyer's investment into an escrow account that would be used only for the construction of that project. reportedly after much lobbying from the real estate companies.Salient Features:       The Bill provides for mandatory registration of all projects and real estate agents who intend to sell any plot. Last year. First. the Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. apartment or building with the Real Estate Regulatory Authority. layout plan.5 percent. and Skills India. the Housing Ministry brought this down to 50 per cent. 4. Some notable points are © nammaKPSC . The policy thus talks about taking a "whole of government" approach and working with state governments to increase competitiveness. schedule of execution and status of various approvals. 2. 3. It makes mandatory the disclosure of all information for registered projects like details of promoters. Also aims to increase India’s share in world exports from 2 percent to 3. there is an integrated look at the trade policy. The approach in this is to rationalize non-essential imports and promote exports that will help build resilience and competitiveness. Foreign Trade Policy 2015. The FTP acknowledges that trade cannot be formulated and implemented by a single department or USD 900 billion from the 2013-14 levels of USD 465.9 billion. Improving trade ecosystem-.This includes simplifying administrative procedures and reducing transaction costs for business and government alike.

Such steps are aimed at promoting ease of doing business for export promotion and will further bolster trade performance. 5. Institutional changes  MEIS (Merchandize Exports from India Scheme)-. the removal of regulatory hurdles along key economic markets will hold the key. Sino-Indian. IndoSouth Asian. The market strategy includes bettering India’s present engagement with the key economies of the world and strengthening the trading engagement over the next five © nammaKPSC . extension of incentives to SEZ units. Indo-European. provision for status holder manufacturers to self-certify the origins of their goods. etc into one Merchandise Exports from India Scheme (MEIS)  The SEIS (Services Exports from India Scheme) is for an increase of notified services. Indo. IndoLatin American & Caribbean. The policy also talks about the "India" branding that will aid in greater value realization in export markets. These include the Indo-US. Indo-East Asian. The strategy will help provide respite against the two mega-regional trading agreements (MRTA) of which India is not a part. The policy distinctly focuses on a market strategy and a product strategy for trade. promised online procedure to upload digitally signed documents by Chartered Accountant/Company Secretary/Cost Accountant. SEIS shall Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. Indo-CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States) and finally. The product strategy seeks a movement up the value chain for a variety of goods and services. electronics and pharmaceutical sectors. 7. Another product strategy entails leveraging the MSME sector by focusing on hi-tech products. the engineering goods. in particular. 6.The MEIS aims at exports of specified goods to specified markets. IndoWANA (West Asia & North Africa). and select services will be given rewards of 3-5 percent. Indo-African trade engagements.Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) is already providing a facility of online filing of various applications under FTP by the exporters/importers.Australian and Indo-New Zealand. In the context of the manufacturing sector. The rate of rewards ranges from 2-5 percent The clubbing of five existing schemes free transferability of reward credit scrips. 8.

Out of 133 countries rated India has secured the 101th place. Douglass North. 1986. Set up a National Committee on Trade Facilitation in line with the WTO agreement on trade facilitation --for easing customs procedures and reducing transaction costs for traders. and opportunity to progress show the relative performance of nations.  apply to "service providers located in India" instead of "Indian service providers". equity and inclusion and personal freedom and choice. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. sanitation. The index is published by the nonprofit Social Progress Imperative. Fifty-four indicators in the areas of basic human needs. and is based on the writings of Amartya Sen. Norway has bagged the first rank Child Labour Welfare Corpus Fund    The corpus fund. established in each district and managed by the respective Deputy Commissioner. ecosystem sustainability. Close to 95 per cent of the amount collected from those found guilty of employing children in the State over the last 10 years is lying unutilised in the Child Labour Welfare Corpus Fund. The Social Progress Index       The Social Progress Index measures the extent to which countries provide for the social and environmental needs of their citizens. health and wellness. The SPI measures the well-being of a society by observing social and environmental outcomes directly rather than the economic factors. The fine collected from the guilty is remitted to the corpus fund. foundations of wellbeing. shelter. Set up Centre for Research in International Trade --for strengthening India's research capabilities in the area of international trade. The local courts adjudicating over child labour cases can impose a maximum penalty of Rs 20000 on persons found guilty of employing children under the Child Labour Act. The social and environmental factors include personal © nammaKPSC . was set up in the wake of a Supreme Court order in 1996 to help rehabilitate rescued child labourers. and Joseph Stiglitz.

191 in 2014–15 to Rs. The revision in the wage rate indexed to the Consumer Price Index for Agricultural Labour Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. which issues the 12-digit Aadhaar number. buy red sanders from smaller gangs operating in Seshachalam forest area for Rs. The enrolment centres in most parts of the country. 13 a day Daily wages have gone up from Rs. Mysuru and Malnad region enroute to Mangaluru. 3. an increase by Rs. will incorporate the software and the trial enrolment will begin on May 1. is introducing new software in May for exclusive enrolment of children in the 0 to 5 age © nammaKPSC . 204 in 2015–16. 4.New software to improve children’s Aadhaar enrolment   The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI). These gangs operating in the Old Mysuru region. The actual enrolment of children using this software will be launched on May 15 RED SANDERS    Karnataka is not just a transit hub for red sanders smuggling. With this. who.000 to Rs. the wage rates have been revised nine times since the launch of the job scheme in 2006–07 by the previous UPA government. including Karnataka. from where they resell the wood to gangs from Mumbai mafia operating in the ring.000 a kg The gangs in the State have developed a network of non-descript godowns in the forests of Kollegal. 13 a day. MNREGA wages hiked by Rs. mostly those who were earlier involved in sandalwood smuggling. sell it to Chinese gangs. but it has now emerged that most of the money on the red wood is made as it passes through the State. since the coverage of this group had been found unsatisfactory. in turn.

m. Koppal. Bidar.30 p. educated or skilled workers and entrepreneurs. the State government has issued an order changing the office hours of its employees in eight districts of north Karnataka in April and May. The bank will be responsible for refinancing micro-finance institutions in the business of lending to small entities.m. MUDRA bank launched           Pradhan Mantri Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency (MUDRA) Yojana PM launched the MUDRA bank with a corpus of Rs. Raichur. Yadgir. MUDRA will be set up through a statutory enactment. The agency will also lay down responsible financing practices to ward off overindebtedness and ensure proper client protection principles and methods of recovery These measures are targeted towards mainstreaming young.m. trading and service activities. the release said. in April and May against the regular timings of 10 a. Its proposed role includes laying down policy guidelines for micro enterprise financing business. Providing access to institutional finance to such micro. small business units. It will also partner with State and regional-level coordinators to provide finance to last-mile financiers of small and micro business enterprises. 20. The government has been changing the office timings in these districts during summer months since 1995–96. to 1. Office timings in © nammaKPSC . Vijayapura and Bagalkot districts will be from 8 a.30 p.000 crore on 8th April. accreditation and rating of MFI entities. A vast part of the non-corporate sector operates as unregistered enterprises and formal or institutional architecture has not been able to reach out to meet its financial requirements.Office hours changed in 8 districts of Karnataka To provide relief from excessive heat.000 crore and credit guarantee of Rs.m. It will be responsible for developing and refinancing all micro-finance institutions (MFIs) which are in the business of lending to micro and small business entities engaged in manufacturing. including women entrepreneurs. but also turn them into strong instruments of GDP growth and employment generation Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. Ballari. enterprises will not only help in improving the quality of life of these entrepreneurs. registration. to 5. 3.

The above quantum of allocation of reservation benefits to the four groups were made after assessing their socio-economic and educational development through a door-to-door survey of 96.47 per cent. The commission had been set up following complaints by the most backward communities among the Scheduled Castes that some castes among Dalits had cornered all reservation benefits. The overall reservation of 15 per cent that is being given to Scheduled Castes will be allocated as follows     Right Community-5 per cent Left Community-6 per cent Touchables. 5. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail.58 lakh persons employed in Union and State government © nammaKPSC . J. The survey results had indicated that the Right Community had got more benefits from reservation than the other Scheduled Castes communities as comparatively they were in a better situation in terms of education and employment.64 per cent and Other Scheduled Castes communities 4.65 per cent. This is to be done by broadly reclassifying all the 101 castes into four groups. the commission had recommended setting up of enforcement and evaluation wings to not only monitor the implementation of these schemes but to find out if they were effective. It had recommended internal reservation among the castes Scheduled Castes 2. So the State has to take up the matter with the Union Government. Sadashiva Inquiry Commission was set up in 2005 to look into methods of equitable distribution of reservation facilities among Scheduled Castes (SCs). The numbers do not add up to 100 per cent as about 6 lakh members among the Scheduled Castes have desisted from mentioning their castes during the survey. the Left Community accounted for 33. 4. Expressing dissatisfaction that on an average the implementation of Scheduled Castes welfare measures were not effective.60 lakh persons belonging to Scheduled Castes This included 1. Right Community 32 per cent. 1. Touchables 23. To implement the recommendations.3 per cent Other Scheduled Castes communities. while others had been denied their share of Constitutional rights. J. Sadashiva Inquiry Commission The Justice A. a constitutional amendment is required to Article 341. 6.1 per cent 3.The Justice A. Of the total 96 lakh population of Scheduled Castes.

m. It has 350 km range. on the last Saturday in March. got underway on 11th April. Dhanush  India recently successfully test-fired its nuclear-capable Dhanush ballistic missile with a strike range of 350 km from a naval ship off the Odisha © nammaKPSC . Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. 2015. which will be conducted across the State over the next 20 days. Noted music director Hamsalekha has composed music for this census. from 8:30 to 9:30 p. households and businesses to turn off their non-essential lights for one hour. During the survey. It has already been inducted into the armed forces and is one of the five missiles developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP). The event is held worldwide annually encouraging individuals. as a symbol for their commitment to the planet.Thane named India’s Earth Hour Capital  An 11-member international jury has declared Thane the National Earth Hour Capital with the city emerging the winner from India in the Earth Hour City Challenge this year. communities.    Caste census in Karnataka     The census has been named 'Social and Educational' census of the people in Karnataka. liquid-propelled missile.  It is a surface-to-surface missile and a naval variant of India’s indigenouslydeveloped Prithvi missile. enumerators will be asking 55 questions to the household and not all questions are mandatory to be answered. The first caste census. Earth Hour:  Earth Hour is a worldwide movement for the planet organized by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF). It is a single-stage.

education and economic status Rating of Tourism facility in Karnataka     The State’s Tourism Department.000 to Rs. and mango is among them. including © nammaKPSC . Moreover. Based on parameters such as lighting.31 crore families in the state For the first time in the country since 1931. mango was one among the species. they will be rated from A to E (with plus or minus). ‘betta’ and ‘kadudhoopa’ trees were also on the list. 2015. The inclusion of mango on this list has resulted in indiscriminate felling of old mango trees. ‘ranjalu’. Only those with ratings will be displayed on the government portal Amendment to the Karnataka Preservation of Trees Act        No permission needed to fell certain trees following a recent amendment to the Karnataka Passed at the Belagavi legislature session The amendment allows for the felling of certain varieties of trees without the permission of the Department of Forests. design and room-size. The ‘hebbevu’ ( Melia dubia ). homestays and resorts. While people from Scheduled Castes will be coded B.000. Scheduled Tribes will be coded C while others will be coded A. and the rest is information about the family. announced the rating scheme for 18 tourist facilities in the State. The department issued an order on March 3. adventure tourism. the census intends to cover an estimated 1. listing 26 species of trees that are exempt from the Karnataka Forest Rules. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. Conducted by the Karnataka State Backward Classes Commission.    Question one to 31 pertain personal information. Karnataka will conduct a census based on caste. 21. Four accreditation agencies have been empanelled to carry out the rating process. 8. 1969. which had been declared a heritage tree by the Karnataka Biodiversity Board. Depending on their net worth. they will have to pay the agency a fee of Rs.

com © nammaKPSC . The masterpiece here is the Mukhamantapa with a well-executed lotus on the ceiling. an ally of the Rattas. Krishna Government handed it over to Ramakrishna Math and Mission. has two shrines of Lord Ganapati and Goddess Durga at the entrance. This was yet another opportunity to plunder the forests. It was built by Jaya Raya. also called Bichi Raja. The fort. while others have beautiful Persian script forming exquisite calligraphic decorations. with fine ramparts and a large moat. as per Section 4(3) of the Karnataka Ancient and Historical Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act. located right in front of a picturesque lake at the entrance of the city from Hubballi-Dharwad. Some of them have Kannada inscriptions in the Nagari script. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. traces its history to the Ratta dynasty with lineage to the Rashtrakutas. A sense of the past is all pervading here. is another ruined Jain temple. Two of the circular pillars in the Jamia hall are said to be from the old temples. Kamala Basadi. Outside the Kamala Basadi. But these three varieties were forest species. was built in the late Chalukyan style in 1204 with the Neminatha idol in black stone. The Act was amended to exempt some horticulture trees to help farmers. the fort.M. Subsequently. where exists the blessed house of Sri Haripada Mitra where Swami Vivekananda stayed for nine days in October 1892. As per the official records.Safa Masjid is one of the two mosques inside the fort and by far the best of the 25-30 mosques in the city. Also. Of the two Jain Basadis. the fort has undergone several renovations under different rulers of the region. a sub-centre of the Ramakrishna Mission Ashram has been established. during 1204 AD. Belgaum Fort declared heritage monument            It was built by Jaya Raya during 1204 AD The State government has declared the historical Belgaum Fort here a State Heritage Monument. the S. 1961. After having confirmed the Hindu monk’s stay here. domes and arches point to a typical fusion of Indo-Sarcenic and Deccan styles of architecture. The minars.

browsing. H3S plans to organize 10 Internet Santhe in the next 6 months. the LIC will provide a life insurance cover of Rs. 2 lakh in case of death of the insured person. news to finance. basic search. tailored to match the participant’s level of familiarity with internet. Google glass experience. smartphone and digital technologies. The non-user zone was designed for novices who were taught basic skills like how to access internet. zero-maintenance contraption will be installed on the roofs of Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. At the Innovation zone. this zero-fuel. It also showcased videos of 3D printing. a taluk 60 kms from Gadag. Micro-solar dome  A pilot project to try out a device that captures diffuse sunlight and bounces it back inside rooms. announced in March this year. from school going children to rural youth to retired pensioners. Eligibility: Saving bank account holders of the bank in the age group of 18 to 50 are eligible to get insurance cover on paying an annual premium of Rs.SyndicateBank to offer low-cost insurance scheme     SyndicateBank tied up with Life Insurance Corporation of India to offer low-cost life insurance under the new Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana. attendees experienced the possibilities of technology innovations like Google Cardboard. Internet Santhe        Head Held High Services organized Internet Santhe at © nammaKPSC . fitness. The scheme will come into effect on June 1 at all branches of the bank. Under the scheme. and Robotics developed in Indian universities. meant for regular internet/ smartphone users. on Nov 14. with over 100 walk-ins. The day-long Internet Santhe was an open-for-all event held at a large temple auditorium. The experience zone. The event witnessed a phenomenal response. introduced them to new apps and tools that could impact their life. emails and social networking. The Santhe was divided into zones. Called a “micro-solar dome”. an official statement said. giving the effect of a 60-watt electric lamp. The event was organized in partnership with Idea Cellular Services. 330. ranging from e-commerce.

It works on the principle of capturing sunlight using a micro-solar dome with a small diameter. This is a “research-you-canuse” project awarded last October.  30 houses in the slums in Bardhaman and the Sundarbans in West Bengal and places in Tripura. Gon © nammaKPSC . Bright light emerges at the other end through a transparent glass shade S. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. was clear it could not accept a hike in the L-1 (lowest bidder) price provided by Dassault since it had led Rafale to defeat the Eurofighter Typhoon in commercial evaluation in January 2012. The lamp costs Rs. in turn. This light is filtered through a PVC pipe with a highly reflective lining.P. the project envisaged direct acquisition of the first 18 jets with the remaining 108 being built in India by Hindustan Aeronautics after transfer of technology France won the tender. renewable energy expert. The hurdle in the MMRCA negotiations was Dassault's substantial hike in pricing for the 108 fighters to be produced by HAL as well as its refusal to take "full responsibility" for them. 300. India. led his team to launch this gadget through a Centrally funded low-cost research project. MMRCA (MEDIUM MULTI-ROLE COMBAT AIRCRAFT) PROJECT   India floated a global tender. But the project has been halted since a year now. for 126 fighters.

It will be the first time that 50 per cent of the seats (99) will be reserved for women in the BBMP council. The Cauvery Gallery     A mansion on Kantharaj Urs Road in Mysuru. detailed satellite images. 1 ranking in doubles after her stupendous title win at the WTA Family Circle Cup with partner Martina Hingis here. had visited the Old Professor’s Quarters and given its approval for the venue. will showcase cultural and socioeconomic aspects of the river. which is nearly a century old and once served as the residence to professors of Maharaja’s College. National Academy of Sciences of India (NASI). which plans to set up the gallery on the lines of the Ganga Gallery at Allahabad and Brahmaputra Gallery at Guwahati. the gallery will serve as a learning centre on the major south Indian river. multimedia displays and digital videoshows. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail.Sania Mirza Sania Mirza has created history by becoming the first woman tennis player from India to achieve the world No. has been identified by the University of Mysore to set up the Cauvery Gallery. The final notification comes in the wake of a High Court direction. heritage. © nammaKPSC . By capturing the etymological. It will feature exhibits. Vachanas in two reader-friendly volumes  The Kannada Book Authority (KBA) is set to introduce Vachanas (maxims of Vachanakaras of the 12th century Veerashaiva Bhakti movement) in two readerfriendly volumes based on the Bible printing model. The gallery. ecological. expected to be thrown open to the public by the end of this year or early next year. and social characteristics of the river. The final ward-wise reservation list of Bruhat Bangalore Mahanagara Palike    The final ward-wise reservation list of Bruhat Bangalore Mahanagara Palike was notified on 15th April with changes to 22 wards from the draft notification issued on April 4.

since 1995. 1995. But though the rules were notified on March 31. The State-level Vigilance and Monitoring Committee (SVMC)       Karnataka has failed to even hold the mandatory biannual meetings of the Statelevel Vigilance and Monitoring Committee (SVMC) formed under the provisions of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act. Rating the 12 Chief Ministers of the State since 1995 on the basis of number of SVMC meetings held during their regime. Two companies had evinced interest in taking up the air ambulance project in the State. Kumaraswamy for holding one meeting of the mandatory three during his tenure. The government has released Rs. A report by the Committee for Monitoring and Strengthening Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in Karnataka (CMASK) indicates that the State has held only four meetings though it was supposed to have held 41 meetings in the last two decades to fulfil the constitutional mandate towards the SCs and STs under the Act. who launched 30 first responder bike ambulances in the city on 14th April. 2000. All other Chief Ministers.T. 60 lakh for the purpose. Kalbugri edited and compiled the Samagra Vachana Samputa. Siddaramaiah. September 2010 and November 2013.808 pages of 15 volumes of Samgra Vachana Samputa will be accommodated in two volumes.000 Vachanas of over 250 Vachanakaras published in 8.M. have been given “F” grade. the report assigned “C” grade to H. including the incumbent Mr. The subsequent meetings were held in December 2006. This translates to only 9.   About 20. Now.76 per cent adherence to the constitutional mandate. the same committee is working on the project that will accommodate the Vachanas in compact-size volumes. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. A committee of writers headed by writer-scholar M. Khader. These volumes will be easy to carry and can be referred whenever needed.D. Bike ambulances   Health Minister U. the first meeting of the SVMC was held only on March © nammaKPSC . The report states that it is mandatory for States to hold the meetings in January and July every year. a few years ago.

com © nammaKPSC . the platinum trauma care initiative is useful for negotiating heavy traffic in urban areas where it will be difficult for fourwheeler ambulances to reach the accident spot at the earliest. Kalaburgi. and up to 100 per cent in cases involving significant new technology. Vijayapura and Shivamogga. specifically dental fluorosis. The initiative will be implemented through GVK-EMRI. Belagavi. The project aims to test water samples within two months. Tumkuru. with 49 per cent now permitted under the automatic route. As many as 5. The arguments in favour of FDI in defence Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. 5.299 children are affected by fluorosis. The project was taken up following an alarming number of children and elders were found suffering from fluorosis. FDI in DEFENCE  The present Bharatiya Janata Party government. Testing fluoride content in Chickballapur tube wells     The Health and Family Welfare Department has for the first time taken up a project to test fluoride content in the water supplied through tube wells in Chickballapur district. Mangaluru. The bike ambulance rider will be a trained paramedic who has a driving licence. bandages and IV normal saline apart from 53 basic drugs. 75 per cent where technology transfer is involved. has further increased the FDI limit in defence. Aimed at reducing deaths due to road accidents. The government has spent nearly Rs 2 lakh on each of the bike ambulances.        The bike ambulance project is termed as a “platinum ten minutes” trauma care initiative. 21 will be stationed at strategic locationsin the city and one each in the districts of Mysore. despite its rallying ‘Make in India’ cry. and 48 elders from bone fluorosis.277 elderly people are suspected to be suffering from dental fluorosis in the district. According to the Health Department. Of the 30. pulse oxymeter. Each bike ambulance will carry 40 medical items including stethoscope. The paramedic will reach the spot in ten minutes and give first aid and start resuscitation measures to save the victim till the four-wheeler ambulance arrives. the organisation that is running the 108 Arogya Kavacha ambulance service. Davangere. Hubballi-Dharwad.

The superior management culture of the private sector will ensure better adherence to budgets and timelines. The council called on all countries. In addition. especially given the global revolution in military technology. Research and Development and allied industries have consistently failed to meet the requirements of the armed forces. especially the Houthis. 3. It makes no mention of the Saudi—led airstrikes. especially Yemen’s neighbours. military commander Abd al-Khaliq al-Huthi. The former president and his son are key supporters of the Houthi group. relinquish arms and missiles seized from military and security institutions. along with former President Ali Abdullah Saleh and his son. with the possibility of exports. the argument goes. The resolution demands that the Houthis withdraw from areas they have seized. Saleh and his eldest © nammaKPSC . Therefore. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. Ahmed Ali Abdullah Saleh. imposing an arms embargo on the leaders of the Shiite group. The Security Council resolution was approved in a 14-0 vote.N.1. to inspect cargo headed to Yemen if there are “reasonable grounds” to believe it contains weapons. Moscow had insisted on an arms embargo on all parties to the conflict.N. The resolution imposes the weapons embargo on five men. with Russia abstaining.—led peace talks aimed at a political transition. generating jobs and bringing in new know-how. The country is compelled into repeated imports without any technology transfer (despite contractual obligations) because the military is always urgently in need of the technology. including the capital of Sanaa. U.N. The same sanctions had already been imposed on the other three men last November. Security Council stepped up efforts to thwart a Houthi rebel takeover of Yemen. end violence and return swiftly to U. 2. second-in-command Abdullah Yahya al Hakim. and release the defense minister and all political prisoners.Houthi leader AbdulMalik al-Houthi. encouraging foreign companies to invest in Indian defence and set up industries here will mean that money will be spent within the country. imposes arms embargo on Houthi rebels        The U. the council imposed an asset freeze and travel ban on the Houthi leader and Saleh’s son. Public sector companies in defence. The resolution demands that all Yemeni parties.

com © nammaKPSC . This has largely been the default mode since Internet started. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. should not be discriminated on the basis of content. and. therefore. According to the MHA. Those advocating Net neutrality believe all bits of data are equal. it will be extended to more countries and airports in a phased manner. site or user.New visa scheme renamed “e-Tourist Visa”   The “Tourist Visa on Arrival-Electronic Travel Authorization (TvoA-ETA)” scheme. has now been renamed “e-Tourist Visa” to clarify that it is not an on-arrival scheme. which was launched last year to facilitate short duration visits by travellers from as many as 44 countries. NET NEUTRALITY What’s net neutrality?   It is the principle that all traffic on the Internet must be treated equally by Internet service providers.

Why has there been so much of noise about net neutrality in recent months?

India’s top telecom company Bharti Airtel, towards the end of last year, decided to
charge subscribers extra for use of apps such as Skype and Viber. These apps
compete with the voice and messaging services of telecom providers, and are even
There was uproar, after which Airtel stayed its decision, saying it would wait for
regulator Telecom Regulatory Authority of India’s (TRAI) Consultation Paper on
Regulatory Framework for Over-the-top (OTT) services.
Facebook brought to India, a pre-selected bouquet of Web sites offered
free to subscribers of Reliance Communications. There was not much controversy
TRAI put out a 118-page consultation paper asking the public for its opinion on 20
questions, most of them about how the Internet can be regulated. Views were also
sought on net neutrality.
Over 4.2 lakh mails had been sent in support of net neutrality through the Web site.
Political parties such as the Congress, political leaders such as Arvind Kejriwal and
celebrities such as Shah Rukh Khan joined the bandwagon, as has the comedy group
All India Bakchod through a video. All of them argue why the Internet should not be
TRAI will be open to taking comments till April 24, and counter comments by May 8.
In between all this, Airtel last week launched Airtel Zero, which is a free offering of a
slew of apps that sign up with the telecom provider.
Flipkart pulled out of the platform after initially agreeing to be on it, saying it was
committed to Net neutrality.

Who benefits from net neutrality? How?

Every Internet user.
New ventures. In fact, one of the key reasons for start-ups to have come up in a big
way in recent decades is the openness of the Internet. The Internet has reduced
transaction costs and levelled the playing field.

Then, why do we need to think about regulating the Internet?

© nammaKPSC

Essentially because the telecom companies do not like the way the apps are riding on their
networks for free. The companies complain that voice-calling and messaging apps are
cannibalising their business. On top of all this, it is they who have to invest billions in
getting access to spectrum and build networks as also adhere to regulations.
So, absence of net neutrality will benefit telecom companies?

It could make them a gatekeeper to a valuable resource, a role that supporters of
Net neutrality feel will be misused to create winners and losers. They could charge
companies a premium for access to users.
It would not be a telecom companies versus internet players issue, as could be
mistakenly perceived. For, the absence of Net neutrality could also benefit
established Internet companies who are flush with money. They could nip
challengers in the bud with vastly higher payoffs to telecom companies.

Is this an issue in India alone?
No. The Federal Communications Commission just recently voted for what is seen as
strong Net neutrality rules. This is to ensure Internet service providers neither block,
throttle traffic nor give access priority for money. Europe is trying to correct a 2013
proposal for Net neutrality, in which privileged access was allowed to ‘specialised services.’
This was vague and threatened Net neutrality. Chile last year banned zero-rated schemes,
those where access to social media is given free to telecom subscribers.

Lagori league

Lagori league formed to popularise the traditional sport in State
The Karnataka Amateur Lagori Association (KALA), an affiliated body of the Amateur
Lagori Federation of India, formally introduced the sport in Mysuru, explaining its
rules to a group of youth.
Maharashtra government has recognised the game as a sport

Karnataka on a rapid urbanisation path

No. of households in urban areas has increased by more than 5.9 lakh


© nammaKPSC

Initial trends from data collected through the on-going caste census have revealed
that the population of people living in urban centres in the State could have
increased by up to 12 per cent during the last four years (2011-2015).
The number of households in urban areas increased more than 5.9 lakh between the
2011 Census and 2015 caste census.
Increased migration of families seeking jobs in urban areas is stated to be the major
The trend was revealed by enumerators of the caste census who counted the
number of households in each block during the first two days. With this, the total
number of households in the State increased from 1.31 crore in 2011 to 1.4 crore in
Except three districts — Bidar, Chamarajangar and Kalaburagi — all other districts
registered a double-digit increase in number of families residing in urban areas.
Two coastal districts — Uudpi and Dakshina Kannada — recorded 101 and 54 per
cent increase respectively in urbanisation compared to 2011Census, while Mysuru
registered 33 per cent.
As explained in previous surveys, the outskirts of Bengaluru city are recording a
meteoric rise in population.
While Bengaluru Urban district recorded 10 per cent increase, Bengaluru Rural
district witnessed 32 per cent rise, according to data provided by the Social Welfare
According to the 2011 Census, 38.57 per cent of the State’s population are living in
urban areas.
The survey has also suggested only a 4 per cent increase in rural households and
interestingly, districts such as Udupi (-7), Dakshina Kannada (-14) have registered
negative growth.
Only three districts recorded double-digit increase in number of households and
they are Vijayapura and Chikkamagaluru (11 p.c. each), Kodagu (12 p.c.).

Chinkara found in Bukapatna state forests in Sira taluk in Tumakuru district

The Sanna Hulle as it is known in Kannada to roam only in the north Karnataka
The cameras — placed in the forests to track the movement of leopards — got the
shy and docile chinkara in its sights.
With this, the chinkaras’ presence has been photo-documented for the first time in
south Karnataka.

© nammaKPSC

This study on leopards is giving interesting results. the Savannahs. Last year the Ratel or honey badger was first photo documented in Karnataka under this project in Cauvery Wildlife © nammaKPSC . Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. hunting has brought down their numbers there.       This antelope species. patients have to go to centres in Hyderabad or Bengaluru since there are no cathlab facilities in any of the government hospital in Hyderabad Karnataka region. Of the six species of antelopes found in India. 6 crore for establishment of the centre in Kalaburagi and Jayadeva Institute would invest Rs. as per the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). In India. chinkaras are protected under the Schedule-I of the Wildlife Protection Act. At present. three — chinkara. However. It is known to exist in very few numbers in Pakistan and Iran. and subtropical light forests. lives in arid areas. Even the Rajiv Gandhi Super Speciality Hospital at Raichur has suspended the cathlab facility after technical glitch. Women’s wing in KSRP   The Police Department is working on establishing an exclusive women’s wing within the Karnataka State Reserve Police. who would be trained on the lines of the personnel of the Central Reserve Police Force. and the four-horned antelope — are found in Karnataka. The Hyderabad Karnataka Region Development Board (HKRDB) has released a sum of Rs. also called the Indian gazelle and ‘Sanna Hulle’ in Kannada. which will come into being soon The contingent would consist of 100 women personnel. Jayadeva Institute to set up cardiology centre in Kalaburagi hospital    The long felt need for a cardiology centre in the Hyderabad Karnataka region is being fulfilled with the decision of the State government to establish Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences and Research in the newly constructed Kalaburagi Government General Hospital. 3 crore. Bukkapatna is perhaps the only documented place in the State to have all three species. blackbuck. 1972. 6 crore and the Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences has released another Rs.

joined Flipkart in voicing support for the cause by opting out of Facebook-led Internet. The park will exhibit various types of renewable energy models Special session next week to disband BBMP     The State government on Wednesday decided to convene a special session of the Legislature on April 20 to amend the Karnataka Municipal Corporation (KMC) Act for disbanding the BBMP and to trifurcate the civic body. the ruling Congress has resorted to the legislative route to postpone the polls. Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg has defended it saying Internet. The amendment bill may have a smooth sailing in the Assembly as the ruling Congress outnumbers the combined strength of the Opposition. The move comes in the wake of a division bench of the Karnataka High Court. While many net neutrality supporters have alleged that the initiative violates the principle of Net Neutrality. the department had decided had to open special cells at range headquarters to deal with cyber crimes in the State soon. As the government is running out of time and In India. In a major win for the supporters of Net Neutrality. Facebook partnered with Reliance Communications to provide free Internet access to over 30 can coexist with Net Neutrality. including     Internet. Cleartrip. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. Internet. comprising Chief Justice D H Waghela and Justice Ram Mohan Reddy. The Opposition parties feel this is another effort by the government to postpone the civic body polls. is social networking site’s initiative to bring Internet services to areas that are still not connected in partnership with tech giants such as Samsung and Qualcomm. declining to stay the single judge order to conduct BBMP polls by May 30. on Wednesday. Times Group and NDTV. City to get a two-acre park for renewable energy   Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Limited (KREDL) will construct a twoacre renewable energy park and green building for its corporate office at © nammaKPSC .

It treats transgenders as a part of society. Also. One episode a week would be uploaded on Facebook for viewers. First job portal for transgenders in India    A Bengaluru-based organisation is all set to launch a national portal to provide employment opportunities to sexual minorities. Sources said the Cabinet will meet on April 17 and is likely to recommend to the governor to summon the session. Bengaluru-based director to air serial on FB    Bengaluru-based Aviram Kanteerava has an innovative and cost-effective way to air his serial. Convening the session would help the government claim before the court that it was not trying to stall elections but was only trying to have three smaller bodies to govern the State capital better. The government is hoping that if the BBMP is done away with. To begin with. the cine-serial would be made available to you at the time you wish to see © nammaKPSC . One episode each on every Saturday would be put up on Facebook and also Youtube for viewing. His assent is mandatory for the bill to become an act. The governor was reportedly not satisfied with the reasons given for opting for ordinance route. The unique feature of this online portal is its inclusive approach: It’s not an exclusive platform for transgenders but open for all. The governor may now give his assent or take time or may even reject the bill. the combined Opposition is numerically stronger than the Congress and the bill is likely to face hurdles. the government’s plan hinges largely on Governor Vajubhai Vala. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. It is not clear whether the government will retain the contents of the ordinance bill in the proposed amendment bill or come up with some modifications. 12 episodes of the serial would be aired. And the going may not be smooth for the government as the governor had recently sent back an ordinance seeking to disband BBMP by amending the KMC Act.     But in the then the question of conducting elections will not arise. now.facebook. This idea is that of Kanteerava who is coming up with a new serial ‘Hello’ that would be aired on Facebook on its official page www. Taking entertainment a step ahead.

Italy scaled back the mission after failing to persuade its European partners to help meet its operating costs of nine million euros ($9.1008jobs. has called for the restoration of an Italian navy search-and-rescue operation known as Mare Nostrum which was suspended at the end of last year. students of classes 5 to 7 in urban areas like Bengaluru would be taken to fields of innovative farmers on a day-long trip. Mediterranean Migrants       Up to 700 people were feared drowned on Sunday after an overcrowded boat smuggling them to Europe capsized off Libya in the latest and deadliest in a long list of migrant disasters in the Mediterranean. which was coordinating the search for survivors and bodies. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail.7 million) a month amid divisions over whether the mission was unintentionally encouraging migrants to attempt the will not stop at listing job opportunities. especially the main food crops. Agri eco-tourism project   The University of Agricultural Sciences-Bangalore’s Alumni Association has decided to rectify this by launching an agri eco-tourism project from June to help urban children understand the rudiments of agriculture. animal husbandry and poultry. Italy’s coastguard. The on-field demonstration would also cover various food and vegetable © nammaKPSC . and also give them an exposure to rural life. Under this initiative. Its staff would also appoint transgender agents in each city to help job seekers from the community. Retired experts from the UAS-B would accompany them and open up a window to rural life. along with other NGOs. said only 28 people had survived a wreck that triggered fresh calls from Pope Francis and others for European leaders to act over what many see as an avoidable loss of life. www. The European Union announced an emergency meeting of Foreign and Interior Ministers to discuss what Amnesty International blasted as a predictable “manmade tragedy” Amnesty. Mare Nostrum has been replaced by a much smaller EU-run operation called Triton which has only a fraction of the specialist assets and manpower. The portal.

and headache. and white blood cell counts..  The main intention is to create a sense of pride among them through this process of the farmer who grows their food This is also an attempt to bridge the urban-rural divide by helping children understand the rural lifestyle Kyasanur Forest Disease        KFD is caused by the Kyasanur Forest Disease Virus (KFDV). Rodents. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. No person-to-person transmission has been described. After 1-2 weeks of symptoms. most importantly a sick or recently dead monkey. farmers) are potentially at risk for infection by contact with infected ticks. The virus was identified in 1957 when it was isolated from a sick monkey from the Kyasanur Forest in Karnataka (formerly Mysore State). and low platelet. tremors. However. in November 2012. India. hunters. The disease has historically been limited to the western and central districts of Karnataka State. Transmission to humans may occur after a tick bite or contact with an infected animal. samples from humans and monkeys tested positive for KFDV in the southernmost district of the State which neighbours Tamil Nadu State and Kerala State. some patients recover without complication. between 400-500 humans cases per year have been reported. After an incubation period of 3-8 days. the symptoms of KFD begin suddenly with chills. The estimated casefatality rate is from 3 to per cent for KFD. Severe muscle pain with vomiting. People with recreational or occupational exposure to rural or outdoor settings (e. and monkeys are common hosts for KFDV after being bitten by an infected tick. indicating the possibility of wider distribution of KFDV. shrews. However. gastrointestinal symptoms and bleeding problems may occur 3-4 days after initial symptom onset. the illness is biphasic for a subset of patients (10-20 per cent) who experience a second wave of symptoms at the beginning of the third week. Hard ticks (Hemaphysalis spinigera) are the reservoir of the KFD virus and once infected. remain so for © nammaKPSC . KFDV can cause epizootics with high fatality in primates. Patients may experience abnormally low blood pressure. herders. such as severe headache. mental disturbances. and vision deficits. Since then. forest workers.g. These symptoms include fever and signs of neurological manifestations. red blood cell. explained a health official here on Monday. fever.

They can be used for personnel transport. is presently in Goa carrying out detailed investigation of the outbreak Kyasanur Forest Disease(KFD) and also give expertise in prevention and control measures in the affected areas. Prevention   Doctors at the State Health Services say there is no specific treatment for KFD. Later. the sources said. They have been customised as per the requirements of Afghanistan and will not be armed. Delhi. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. Supportive therapy includes the maintenance of hydration and the usual precautions for patients with bleeding disorders. A vaccine does exist for KFD and is used in endemic areas of India. Additional preventative measures include insect repellents and wearing protective clothing in areas where ticks are endemic.  Seasonality is another important risk factor as more cases are reported during the dry season. from November through June. This comes amid increasing perception that India’s strategic space in Afghanistan is under threat after formation of the new Unity government there and its major policy shift towards Pakistan and China. A team from the National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC). but early hospitalisation and supportive therapy is important. Diagnosis can be made in the early stage of illness by molecular detection by PCR or virus isolation from © nammaKPSC . logistic support and rescue and can operate in high-altitude areas. serologic testing using enzyme-linked immunosorbent serologic assay (ELISA) can be performed. multi-role helicopters built by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited. a critical requirement for Afghanistan's mountainous regions. casualty evacuation. Cheetals are the upgraded variants of Cheetah light utility. diplomatic sources confirmed. India to hand over three Cheetal copters to Kabul    Prime Minister Narendra Modi is scheduled to hand over three indigenously-built Cheetal multi-role helicopters during the visit of Afghanistan President Ashraf Ghani to India at the end of this month. The choppers are being supplied under the strategic partnership agreement between the two counties signed in 2011. reconnaissance and aerial survey.

the number was 973. Islamabad and Beijing hope the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) will transform Pakistan into a regional economic hub and bring growth to the restive western Chinese region of Xinjiang. endangered and vulnerable species. They foresee the creation of road. The upgrade will stretch 3.000 kilometres (1. while countering US and Indian influence. and will revolve around a vertical launch and long-range surface-to-air missile system. With 659 species in 2008. which lists critically endangered. in part due to better research identifying more threatened species and deforestation.860 miles) from China's western city of Kashgar to the Pakistani port of © nammaKPSC . The vessel is expected to be commissioned into the India Navy in 2018 Chinese visit to Pakistan      Chinese President Xi Jinping inaugurated a $46 billion investment plan in Pakistan on Monday that aims to create direct links between China and the Arabian Sea and boost the sluggish Pakistani economy. In 2013. control of which was transferred to a Chinese public company in 2013. The corridor scheme is part of Beijing's "Belt and Road" plan to expand its trade and transport footprint across Central and South Asia. cutting several thousand kilometres off the route that transports oil from the Middle East. By the year-end. India had 988 threatened species on the list. but the country has climbed down a spot to the seventh position.INS Visakhapatnam    INS Visakhapatnam. was launched in Mumbai. the first Indian Navy P15-B stealth destroyer. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. India has 988 species on IUCN ‘Red List’   India has added 15 more species to the “Red List” of threatened species published by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in 2014. rail and pipeline links that will connect China to the Arabian Sea. The indigenously-designed ship's air defence capability is designed to counter the threat of enemy aircraft and anti-ship cruise missiles. the increase over seven years is 50 per cent.

Chief Justice of the Calcutta High © nammaKPSC . and has a parrot on her back.K. The report will then be tabled in both Houses of Parliament. or heroine.Parrot Lady      India’s ‘Parrot Lady’ is to return home. to be headed by Supreme Court judge Vikramjit Sen. after Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper on Wednesday handed over to his counterpart. She is voluptuous. She is just one of many erotic stone ladies that were created to adorn the Khajuraho temples Mr. it was seized under the Cultural Property Export and Import which controls antiquities and other cultural objects being imported from foreign states The Parrot Lady is what is known as a naayika. will have Justice Manjula Chellur. Venugopal as its members The committee will now investigate the charges and grounds for removal of the judge and submit its report to the Rajya Sabha Chairman. Gangele      Rajya Sabha Chairman Hamid Ansari has set up a three-member panel to investigate sexual harassment charges against S. The committee. Posted to the Gwalior Bench. Virendra Bannu Impeachment procedure against S. Gangele. and jurist K. Modi in exchange presented Mr. Harper with a miniature painting of Guru Nanak Dev with his disciples. The painting is by Jaipur-based artist. It was returned in accordance with the 1970 UNESCO Convention The three-foot high statue of ‘Parrot Lady’ turned up in Canada in 2011 in the possession of an individual who did not have proper documentation. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. Justice Gangele is now serving in the Principal Bench at Jabalpur New visa scheme for tourists from Sri Lanka  India has launched e-tourist Visa Scheme (eTV) aimed at making visa facility easier for India-bound Sri Lankans. posed in a manner that is a tad saucy. nearly a month after admitting a motion supported by 58 Rajya Sabha members to impeach him. Narendra Modi.K. The sculpture dates back to the 12th century. scantily clad. a sitting judge of the Madhya Pradesh High Court. the 800year-old Indian sandstone sculpture of a woman holding a parrot.

Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. A tourist information centre will also be established in Sagar city as part of the plan Roads around these places will be upgraded under the Rural Infrastructure Development Fund India broadband reach     In the wireless or mobile broadband segment.000 panchayats by March 2015 GAGAN kicks off new forest database  Karnataka is set to be the first State to initiate what will be a new. India is ranked below Bhutan and Sri Lanka in terms of broadband penetration India ranks 125th in the world for fixed broadband © nammaKPSC . Some of our neighbours like Bhutan and Sri Lanka are ahead of us. 14 crore for the project. The Ministry of Tourism has sanctioned Rs.2 per 100 inhabitants. Entry into India must be through any of the nine designated airports. India is ranked at 113th with a penetration of 3. outlets to sell handicrafts will be opened at all places. Visas to be issued under the new scheme will be for single-entry and valid for only 30 days’ stay from the date of arrival in India.5 lakh village panchayats by the end of 2016 but has missed its target of completing roll out in first 50. as its centre. NOFN project aims to spread broadband across 2. accurate and publicly available satellite based database of its forestlands.   Those Sri Lankans holding ordinary passports can avail themselves of the facility. A fee of $ 60 will be levied per person for the new scheme. The department will also construct watch towers in the Sharavati sanctuary and in the forest near Hejini village. With the objective of promoting the local artisans of Malnad region. which came into effect on Tuesday coinciding with the Tamil and Sinhala New Year Day. where the Sharavati takes a plunge from a height of 830 feet. Jog Falls       Plans are afoot to develop a tourist circuit in Malnad region with the world famous Jog Falls.

the Tribunal said no waste could be directly put into the incinerators or for power generation. The gecko has been named Cnemaspis adii after a young herpetology researcher from Hyderabad. The NGT also directed dividing the State into clusters for locating sufficient number of incinerator © nammaKPSC . to use incinerator technology for producing Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF).K. The States are free to use RDF for generating fuel with due care and caution by framing necessary guidelines. Also. covering four types of landscapes. Only those wastes that are found unrecyclable after segregation should be put into the incinerators. has permitted the States. but first effort should be made for composting of wet waste”. commonly known as waste-to-energy. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. except the specifically permitted. Waste-to-energy projects       The National Green Tribunal (NGT). Chief Conservator of Forests (Headquarters). Authorities were also asked to provide maximum space for plants to have large storage and processing area for wastes. The department completed a pilot of 220 villages in 2014–15. has been spotted at the ruins of the World Heritage Site of Hampi in Karnataka. a type of lizard usually found in warm climates. The maps are meant to rid authorities of ambiguities related to forest boundaries and give clarity to forest administrators. New Delhi. revenue officials as also the public. including Karnataka. Aditya Srinivasulu. New species of gecko found  A new species of the day gecko.  The work also makes the Forest Department an early non-aviation user of GAGAN. and adopt new technologies. ensure green belt of higher density around plants. the Indian augmentation of Global Positioning System (GPS). the tribunal emphasised that it was “not putting any absolute restriction on RDF being used as power generation fuel. However. Srivastava. The Central Pollution Control Board and the Ministry of Environment and Forests were directed to prescribe specific guidelines for emissions from incinerators. according to R.

000 to Rs. Experts in support of the project aver that only the forest boundary would be fenced along with the existing elephant-proof trenches. Similar work will be taken up at © nammaKPSC . it is reckoned to be a permanent measure to mitigate human-elephant conflict. The project envisages erecting rail fence at a length of 33 km of the forest boundary in the first phase for which Rs. it is no barrier against other forms of wildlife. including tigers and leopards. Nagarahole has roughly about 150 km dug over the years and their maintenance costs around Rs. 212 crore has been sanctioned by the State government. Madikeri and Virajpet. according to officials. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. But. 20.000 per km a year.Rail fence project launched at Nagarahole             The country’s first rail fence project to mitigate human-elephant conflict was launched at Nagarahole on Tuesday. Officials say that though Bandipur and Nagarahole forests have Elephant Proof Trenches (EPT) and solar fencing. but wildlife corridors that facilitate movement of elephant herds and other wildlife would not be fenced. While Bandipur has more than 200 km of EPT. the Minister said. Besides. a high number of human and wildlife conflict pertains to elephants and this can be reduced significantly. 15. The rail fence project was originally conceived by Graham Armstrong who first installed it around the Addo National Park in South Africa. Minister for Forests B. elephants are intelligent enough to fill the trench with silt and cross-over. the EPTs are useless unless maintained. Ramanath Rai laid the foundation for the first stage of the project at Veeranahosahalli in Nagarahole. The authorities will use discarded tracks procured from the Railways for the purpose and though expensive. However. which can jump over while wild boars can sneak in through the gap. These corridors are essential not only for the free movement of wildlife but helps in gene transfer from one herd to another thus preventing inbreeding. The rail fence project will cover the entire forest boundary around wildlife zones in the State but primarily around Bandipur and Nagarahole where human-elephant conflict is the highest.

as Tokyo races to sell the technology abroad.Maglev train    Japan’s state-of-the-art maglev train clocked a new world speed record Tuesday in a test run near Mount Fuji. culminated in the early hours of Monday. The security forces recovered 232 packets of narcotics. drones are now foraying into a new territory . the Coast Guard and the Navy confiscated a suspected Pakistani boat carrying eight Pakistani nationals off the Porbandar coast in Gujarat and seized a huge cache of narcotics. suspected to be heroin estimated at © nammaKPSC . Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. The agencies undertook extensive aerial searches. they confiscated satellite phones and Global Positioning System sets. Additionally.the forest. Packets of Drugs Seized From Pakistan Boat Intercepted Off Porbandar    Acting on Intelligence alerts. breaking the 600-kmph mark. along with Coast Guard ship Sangram. which included Naval ships Nirghat and Kondul. which began on Saturday. Multiple units from the Navy and the Coast Guard were deployed for the operation. 600 crore in the international markets. deploying Dorniers and patrol aircraft IL38 and P8Is Drone in Bandipur Park sky to track poachers  After being used in the surveillance of the Dasara procession. The joint operation. used to facilitate transhipment of the contraband to another boat. The seven-car maglev (short for magnetic levitation) train hit a top speed of 603 kmph. and managed nearly 11 seconds at over 600 kmph The maglev hovers 10 centimetres above the tracks and is propelled by electrically charged magnets.

The drone is expected to help in the protection of wildlife at Hediyala. The device will now be used in all tiger sanctuaries of the country. The Forest department has rented the drone for Rs 3. The cameras can take pictures of high resolution. N Begur. Nugu.000 a day. The step comes in the backdrop of the success of the pilot project undertaken by the union ministry of environment and forests and the Indian Wildlife Institute. He was associated with the Karnataka University in Dharwad and was recently appointed Director of Centre for Excellence in Classical Kannada. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. Equipped with state-of-the-art © nammaKPSC .A drone is keeping a vigil on nefarious activities and wildfire in the Bandipur National Park of the district. who has specialised in Kannada linguistics. especially of tigers. Prof H M Maheshwaraiah   Prof H M Maheshwaraiah. The committee which investigated into the matter has now submitted its report to the government. Central Institute of Indian Languages. wildfire and hunting. It hovers over the forest for 40 minutes in a specific area. Mysuru.   The battery-operated drone is being used on a trial basis in Bandipur. The device has been developed by Key Falcon Solutions company.  The device had been deployed last year on a pilot basis at the Panna tiger sanctuary in Madhya Pradesh and Kaziranga forest of Assam. The drone will keep a vigil on aspects like trespassing the forest. took charge as the new vice chancellor of the Central University of Karnataka (CUK) Maheshwaraiah is the third vice chancellor of Central University of Karnataka. Gundre and Mulehole ranges of the Bandipur forest. Kataria Committee report   On February 19th 2015. The footage received from the drone will help contain forest fires or catch those trespassing the forest. Chief Minister Siddaramaiah had announced a one-man committee headed by IAS officer Rajendra Kumar Kataria to probe into various irregularities in the BBMP. the movements of the drones will be remote controlled.

to conduct the election. It was a kind of post-mortem on financial irregularities in solid waste management. Bengaluru Urban Deputy Commissioner has completed the process of delimitation of wards based on 2011 census. Dissolving the council before the term ends gives the government six months time from the date of dissolution. the process of calling for objection and publishing final notification will not take much time. the corporation is not competent to perform. Constitution of the Board is being perceived as a boost for the progress of work related to studies in classical Kannada Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. Contents of the report have not been made public yet. to delay the election was Restructuring of BBMP. Failing to perform duties can be reason for dissolution Section 99 of the Karnataka Municipal Council Act gives power to the government to dissolve the corporation if in the opinion of the Government. or makes default in the performance of any of the duties imposed on it. Yet another instrument that the government had. or is acting in a manner prejudicial to the interests of the corporation. Mysuru. As it is evident for the government to conduct election on time. The Kataria report is believed to have given a solid reason for the government to dissolve the council for failing to perform its duties and for abusing © nammaKPSC . Though the government is yet to publish the draft notification of the delimitation for public display. opposition from various quarters on delaying the election for the sake of restructuring. sub-standard civil works etc. reduced the chances of using restructuring as a tool to postpone the election.         The probe was conducted with the help of officials from the State accounts department. the only way out is to dissolve the BBMP council. The government which is under pressure from the BBMP’s ruling party (BJP) and civic society to conduct the election on time has no other way to postpone the election but to dissolve the existing council. Board set up on classical Kannada The Ministry of Human Resources Development has constituted a Planning-cumMonitoring Board of the Centre of Excellence for Studies in Classical Kannada (CESCK) at the Central Institute of Indian Languages (CIIL). Delimitation process was done at the behest of State Election Commissioner’s direction to the Deputy Commissioner to complete the process without any delay. But. exceeds or abuses its powers or fails to carry out the directions or orders given by Government to it under this Act or any other law.

Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. the Government of India declared that languages that met certain requirements could be accorded the status of a "Classical Language in India". Benefits    Two major international awards for scholars of eminence in Classical Indian Languages are awarded annually. Telugu (in 2008). Sanskrit (in 2005). which analyses millions of attacks through 2014. Oriya (in 2014) Following criteria were laid down to determine the eligibility of languages to be considered for classification as a "Classical Language"     High antiquity of its early texts/recorded history over a period of 1500–2000 years. and submit its report to CIIL Director on quarterly basis. The University Grants Commission be requested to create. Malayalam (in 2013). What is a classical language In 2004.The Board will monitor the implementation of the functions of CESCK. the literary tradition be original and not borrowed from another speech community. A 'Centre of Excellence for Studies in Classical Languages' is set up. there may also be a discontinuity between the classical language and its later forms or its offshoots. Kannada (in 2008). IT attacks in the city  The country ranks second in the world when it comes to falling for social media scams. Languages thus far declared to be Classical are Tamil (in 2004). a body of ancient literature/texts. a certain number of Professional Chairs for Classical Languages for scholars of eminence in Classical Indian Languages. said the Internet Security Threat Report brought out by software security company Symantec. to start with at least in the Central Universities. identify research © nammaKPSC . which is considered a valuable heritage by generations of speakers. help the centre in identifying qualified research through a transparent process. monitor the progress of research and financial aspects. the classical language and literature being distinct from modern.

 Nearly 6. These troops are meant to ensure the safety of the Chinese workers who are expected to arrive in strength in the area. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail.22 per cent of all worldwide attacks. in China’s restive Xinjiang province. Though CPEC will pass through a lawless. with a majority of attacks — 65 per cent — concentrated in major metros. which can then access the markets of South Asia.23 per cent of the victims of all social media scams are from India. railways. and getting your friends to click on it too. which is second behind the United States which has a whopping 30.  One-thirds of all attacks in India are targeted at small © nammaKPSC . “Ransom-ware” attacks — a type of digital extortion where the hacker disables your system until a payment is given China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) The corridor runs from Kashgar. insurgency-prone zone. energy pipelines and industrial parks.Internet-connected software that relays information about an individual’s system to the hacker Distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attack--which makes the infected machine slower and cripples its Internet systems. Eventually. China will invest up to $37 billion in energy projects that would generate 16. consisting of nine battalions of the Army and six battalions of the civilian forces. that constitutes four out of five social media attacks Bot infections -. to Gwadar in Pakistan The corridor is 3. West Asia and Africa. Pakistan has promised to counter it by deciding to deploy a Special Security Division.400 MW of power. This adds to the scam becoming viral. Then they direct you to a survey to make it seem more authentic.000 km which will have roads. they ask you to download malware — in the guise of a software update — that will steal data. force you to ‘like’ the video. Significance  China wants to develop the corridor as one of the arteries that head out of Xinjiang. including Bengaluru Various type of attacks     ‘Manual sharing’ – certain videos on clicking. Concessional loans will fund infrastructure projects worth $10 billion.

The house should be used by the farmer and should not be rented out for commercial activities to an individual or agency The Bill also envisages extension of time limit for receipt of applications for approval of conversion of agricultural land for non-agricultural © nammaKPSC . Three lakh applications have been received for regularisation of houses. Also implies a significant mutation of the regional balance of power in South Asia and Afghanistan. The Karnataka Land and Revenue (Amendment) Bill. on government land.The development of the CPEC is not necessarily bad for India or the region. The ‘farmhouse’ means a house attached to a farm and construction on a portion of the agricultural land used as residence of the agriculturist.      Beijing will find a point of access in the Indian Ocean at the tri-junction of South Asia. India should also welcome the impending joint initiative by China and Pakistan to curtail terror groups along the corridor and in Afghanistan CNG in public transport The High Court of Karnataka told the State that all public transport vehicles in Bengaluru city would have to compulsorily run on CNG at the earliest. 2015    Tabled in the Legislative Assembly For regularisation of unauthorised construction of dwelling houses up to 4. On the contrary. ft. For India-.400 sq. The Bill gives 10 per cent exemption of the holding used for bonafide agricultural purposes exclusively for construction of farmhouse. up from the earlier limit of houses up to 2. or used for the purpose of keeping agricultural equipment and tethering cattle. and emerged as Pakistan’s unrivalled external partner. Pakistan’s young people who find meaningful work in the projects are unlikely to enter the jihad factories. The deadline for receipt of applications would be extended beyond April 30.000 sq. China appears to have stolen a march over the U. West Asia and Africa It will turn Pakistan into a new tiger economy in Asia. ft. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail.S.

7 per cent by March 2016 and 7. Export credit up to 32 per cent will be eligible as part of priority sector for foreign banks with less than 20 branches The revised guidelines are operational with immediate effect. social infrastructure and renewable energy would form part of priority sector in addition to the existing categories. Bank loans to food and agro processing units will form part of agriculture. would be decided in due course. which also has to be achieved in a phased manner.Panchayat Raj Sashaktikaran (empowerment) award      Chikkamagaluru district has won the Panchayat Raj Sashaktikaran (empowerment) award Instituted by the Department of Rural Development and Panchayat Raj. The district was chosen for the award after reviewing the administration of panchayat raj institutions across the district by a Union government committee. The loan limits for housing loans and MFI loans qualifying under priority sector have been revised It prescribed a target of 8 per cent for the small and marginal farmers within agriculture. already have priority sector targets and sub-targets for agriculture and weaker sections.5 per cent has been prescribed for micro enterprises. The sub-targets for small and marginal farmers and micro enterprises would be made applicable post 2018 after a review in 2017. that is. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. 2018. Government of India For effective implementation of the development scheme by panchayat raj institutions in the district during 2013-14. RBI asked banks to achieve this in a phased manner. The award was presented at the National Panchayat Raj celebrations being held at New Delhi 24th April by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. There is no change in the target of 10 per cent for weaker sections Foreign banks With 20 branches and above. Reserve Bank revises norms for priority sector lending          Medium enterprises. 7 per cent by March 2016 and 8 per cent by March 2017. if to be made applicable post 2020.5 per cent by March 2017. A target of 7. which are to be achieved by March 31. that is. and the sub-targets for these © nammaKPSC . With less than 20 branches will move to total priority sector target of 40 percent on par with other banks by 2019-20.

000 people throughout the region. which will be used to develop infrastructure along the Asian leg under the “belt and road” plan. that have diplomatic ties with China.” India was also collectively engaging Africa under its flagship India-Africa Forum Summit.” Cabinet cleared Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Bill Provisions  The bill introduces legal provisions to ensure that children between the ages of 16 and 18 are tried as adults if they commit heinous offences such as murder and rape Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. China reiterated its focus on integrating and developing the economies of Eurasia under the Silk Road initiative. The Japanese Prime Minister added that trade deals under negotiations. Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership and Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific “will all eventually head toward Africa. Also offered to train 1.50.“Strengthening South-South Cooperation to Promote World Peace and Prosperity China announced duty free access to 97 per cent items produced in the Least Developing Countries.000 people in developing countries in Asia and Africa over the next five years. and has played a leading role in forming the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB). India also showed that it had fresh ideas to re-engage developing countries in Asia and © nammaKPSC . India had launched the “Act East” policy towards Asia. complemented by the “renewed Africa policy. China has deployed a $40 billion Silk Road fund.Asian African Conference 2015 in Indonesia         Commemoration of the 60th Anniversary of the Asian African Conference and 10th Anniversary of the New Asian African Strategic Partnership theme-.00. Japan would offer industrial training and technology to 3. whose third edition would be held in October this year. such as the Trans-Pacific Partnership.

It recommended disciplinary action against engineers. Civil works grossly mismanaged inefficiently monitored causing huge losses to the BBMP through non adherence to programme of works. The bill introduced in the Lok Sabha last year contained these clauses that many child rights activists and groups disapproved of. It suggested recovery of the amount paid illegally. Revenue loss from advertisement tax due to nexus between officials and ad agencies Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. Transportation of solid waste management not transparent and lacks internal control leading to irregular/excess payments 2. substandard works and illegal payments 3. The report became the basis for the government to defend its decision to split the BBMP The report notes the following issues with BBMP 1. the amended Bill now cleared by the Cabinet retains the clause that provides that when a heinous crime is committed by one in this age group. A Standing Committee of Parliament recommended a review and reconsideration of all clauses that sought to carve out an exception for children in the 16-18 age group and subject them to the rigours of regular criminal procedure However. This has caused inefficient tax collection and regularisation of illegal irregular properties © nammaKPSC .     The Juvenile Justice Board will assess whether the crime has been committed as a ‘child’ or as an ‘adult’. the rights of the juvenile would be protected Kataria committee report    The Rajender Kumar Kataria report has noted gross irregularities in the Bruhat Bangalore Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) by engineers. irregular tender process. serious and heinous and treats each category under a different process. who have caused loss to the corporation. officers and contractors. The government claims that since this assessment will be done with the help of psychologists and social experts. The present framework classifies offences as petty. The trial would take place on the basis of this assessment. account staff. Lacks control of property khata registration and tax collection. The 76-page report probed into irregularities committed in 198 wards of the BBMP since 2008. account staff and officers.

is to be understood in this background. The wide-spread resentment. in its proposed Revised Master Plan. inefficient debt servicing and mounting pending bills The State government response to kasturirangan panel report The State government has formally told the Centre that the key recommendations of the Kasturirangan committee report on conservation of Western Ghats need to be modified to be accepted by the State. It recommended © nammaKPSC . injudicious borrowings.5. after wider awareness creation with special emphasis regarding prohibitions/regulations and benefits that may accrue to the ESA villages has underlined that the very concept of ESA notification is not going (down) well with most people Points out that four State and national forest and environment acts are currently applied in forest areas. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. can be termed as sensitive areas. Bringing in further restrictions. Lack of financial discipline is the root cause for BBMP’s deteriorating financial position. The State government has said that the selection of ecosensitive area (ESA) according to the Kasturirangan report is “highly subjective and arbitrary” Kasturirangan report . in the absence of a larger public appreciation and support. which incidentally lie in already protected wildlife sanctuaries and national parks.438 villages as ESA for Karnataka The SLEC (State-Level Expert committee of forest officials) and State government –     has said that not more than 153 villages. Any further inclusion of villages can be thought of. footpaths and loss of revenue 6. No policy for laying OFC in BBMP limits causing damage to roads. will defeat the very purpose of conserving ecology environment of Western Ghats Revised Master Plan 2031 for Bangalore  Bangalore Development Authority (BDA). has projected the city population to cross the two-crore mark by 2031.had suggested that any village limit with more than 20 per cent forest or natural landscape should be declared as ESA. apprehension and strong public opinion against the report.

the BDA called off the meeting at the last minute. Basavanapura and Mylasandra. to the select committee. who tabled the Bill in the legislature. has not been referred to the committee of the Upper House A Bill can be referred to the committee under Rule 116 of the Upper House The Opposition would be in majority in the committee though it would be headed by Minister for Law and Parliamentary affairs T. Most of the villages. If it fails to do so. As per rules. There seems to be no consideration for smart city proposals and developing satellite townships. where a lot of illegal layouts have come up. the Council on Monday is likely to set a new precedent by referring the Bill. 2015. for the first time. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. In November 2014. BDA had hired a Netherlands-based company ‘Royal Haskoning DHV’ to prepare the Revised Master Plan 2031 The Karnataka Municipal Corporation (Amendment) Bill. Jayachandra. which became part of the Bruhat Bangalore Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) in 2007 are in the green belt. So far. These villages are likely to now come under the yellow zone Bangalore Development Authority’s (BDA) decision to hold a public hearing to move forward with a revised Master Plan 2031 This is the second time that the BDA has called for a public hearing. hence it may be difficult for the government to get a favourable report from the committee. the committee should submit its report within three months.B. which was passed in the © nammaKPSC . which envisages splitting the Bruhat Bangalore Mahanagara Palike (BBMP). 2015       The Karnataka Municipal Corporation (Amendment) Bill. is likely to get stuck with the select committee of the Legislative Council if it is referred to it. which was passed in the Assembly. then the Assembly can pass the Bill again in the next session without passing it in the Council to become a law. amidst tough opposition from civic groups.      The Revised Master Plan 2031 is likely to consider shrinking the green belt around the city by at least 500 metres from the current 2 km. such as Hongadevanahalli. Interestingly. a Bill.

environment.000. She is also using microlivers in the lab to model malaria infection and test drugs that can eradicate malaria parasites completely. and technology. Former Egyptian President verdict  The conviction of former Egyptian President Mohammad Morsy and his codefendants by an Egyptian court last week is the first of several verdicts expected in four major criminal cases brought against the leaders of the Muslim Brotherhood (the Ikhwan). which was ousted following the 2013 military coup. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. The Centre has sanctioned coastal circuit project to develop beaches in the © nammaKPSC . has won a prestigious $2. and employment.The State government has sought an early action in relaxation of the Coastal Regulation Zone-1 (CRZ-1) norms    The State government has sought an early action in relaxation of the Coastal Regulation Zone-1 (CRZ-1) norms so as to develop beach tourism in three coastal districts. human condition. the Economy. Karnataka is bestowed with 320 km of coastline with pristine beaches. The award includes an unrestricted prize of $ 2.50.000 Heinz award for her work in tissue engineering and disease detection. under the CRZ-1 norms. public policy. no construction is allowed up to 500 metres from the high tide zone and this prevents investors from coming forward to invest in the creation of tourism infrastructure. Currently. She hopes to eventually develop implantable liver tissue as a complement or substitute for whole-organ transplant.50. the economy. who has developed artificial human microlivers for drug testing. Sangeeta Bhatia at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has been named the recipient of the 2015 Heinz Award for Technology. and Employment. The Heinz Awards annually recognise individuals for their extraordinary contributions to arts and humanities. The entire coastal tourism development is dependent on CRZ relaxation Sangeeta Bhatia     An Indian-origin scientist at MIT.

This had ultimately paved the way for the military re-establishing control. the new military government led by General Abdel Fattah alSisi of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces has sought to persecute the movement. won the parliamentary and presidential elections held in 2011 and 2012. slapping case after case on its leaders. The move. Yet. should be calculated in terms of cost of land. with some liberals supporting the move then. would also fetch much greater Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. The Freedom and Justice Party affiliated to the Brotherhood had.      Morsy was sentenced to 20 years in prison for inciting riots against protestors outside the presidential palace in December 2012. and it has restored its domestic and foreign policy on lines that existed prior to the Brotherhood’s ascent to power Egypt is thus back to square one. and faces an additional problem that could hurt it in the long run — an indignant Brotherhood reeling under repression. The protestors were agitating against an order by the President that allowed him to avoid judicial oversight for actions until a new constitutional charter was put in place. The persecution is not limited to the Brotherhood. even the liberals and secularminded sections of the population that were part of the Spring protests are at the receiving end. Egypt meanwhile continues to receive military aid from the West and allies such as Saudi Arabia. after all. Since coming to power. There is a clampdown on the media and a crackdown on all dissent. Transferrable Development Rights (TDR)   The Expert Committee on Transferrable Development Rights (TDR) has recommended that TDR. this was unmistakably a coup that overthrew a legitimately elected government. if accepted by the State government. which was to date estimated in terms of land size. The Muslim Brotherhood’s sectarian attempts while in government to radically restructure Egypt’s institutions on Islamist lines had also resulted in protests in 2013 by liberals and secular-minded © nammaKPSC .

com © nammaKPSC . Cities identified for the HRIDAY scheme are Amaravati. Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh). The committee has recommended that TDR be linked to guidance value instead of area of land lost. Mathura (Uttar Pradesh). the city is divided into three zones A (core city). Ajmer (Rajasthan). The new rules will do away with the zoning of the city for TDR as well. Russian initiatives with MSR  In tune with its effort to interface India’s Mausam and Spice Route projects with its Maritime Silk Road (MSR) initiative. Gaya (Bihar). One can now sell the TDR in the same zone or transfer it to other zones According to the new formula. A budget provision of Rs. The committee also recommended a centralised monitoring authority to oversee the trade in TDR across the city Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spirituality Augmentation Drive (PRASAD)       Twelve cities have been identified by the Union Ministry of Tourism for development under the Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spirituality Augmentation Drive (PRASAD) The cities are Amaravati (Andhra Pradesh). aimed at revitalising the unique character of the heritage cities in India. Ajmer. Vellankani (Tamil Nadu). a mission directorate has been set up in the Ministry of Tourism. Amritsar (Punjab). Badami (Karnataka). Varanasi. Puri. Vellankani. Kedarnath (Uttarakhand) and Kamakhya (Assam).60 crore has been made for development of basic facilities at the Vishnupad temple at Gaya in Bihar. guidance value plays a key role even while TDR is converted into Floor Area Ratio (FAR) and utilised in another area. Puri (Odisha). and Mathura. China is making headway in integrating a Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. The development of the cities will be dovetailed with the Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY) scheme. Amritsar. 15. The criterion for selection of these cities is their rich heritage and cultural history China to integrate Mongolian. To implement the PRASAD scheme. Dwarka. Kanchipuram (Tamil Nadu). Gaya. Dwarka (Gujarat). Kanchipuram. Warangal (Telangana).     compensation and hence ease land acquisition for key development and infrastructure projects. B (between core city and Outer Ring Road) and C (beyond ORR). Currently.

promising a result in just 15 minutes with a © nammaKPSC . and the Bangladesh-ChinaIndia-Myanmar (BCIM) corridor. The CMR initiative is similar to two other undertaking initiated by China: the recently inaugurated Pakistan-China economic corridor. China is encompassing a string of initiatives. and is not effective during this initial period. and all positive results must be confirmed by professional health workers Zippr Code  It is a 8-digit alphanumeric code that gives your precise location. which now make the disease manageable. China wants to include Mongolia’s “Steppe road” initiative. Instant self-test HIV kit     Britain’s first legally-approved HIV self-testing kit went on sale online on Monday. hoping to sprout several new “growth engines” in Eurasia under the “Belt and Road” umbrella.7 per cent accuracy rate.    Mongolian and a Russian initiative to develop another spur of its ambitious Silk Road land corridor.000 people in Britain who have HIV but do not yet know. The kit reacts to antibodies — proteins made in response to the virus — in a drop of the person’s blood. can only detect antibodies three months after the patient has become infected. producing two purple lines in the event of a positive diagnosis. Early diagnosis reduces the risk of passing the disease on to other people and also raises the success rate of modern treatments. Developers hope the BioSure HIV Self Test will help identify the estimated 26. Faced with the challenge of convincing governments to integrate their national plans within the “Belt and Road” initiative. which is only available via the Internet. The self-test. and link up with the Moscow-driven transcontinental rail plan to develop the China-Mongolia-Russia (CMR) economic corridor. the Chinese have already sounded their readiness to enmesh India’s Mausam and Spice Route projects within the framework of its larger plans. shortens your address and pin-points your house/office on a map Contact: nammakpsc@gmail.

you feed the exact address as a one-time process to generate a code that is latently linked to a Google map. Sikkim. The project. Nepal earthquake     An earthquake with an intensity of 7. West Bengal. Howver.000-odd buses with ITS. More than 30 aftershocks have also been reported.  Once it is downloaded on your Android smart phone or iPhone. One of the most useful and important aspect of ITS is the real-time information update of buses that passengers can receive while waiting at bus stops. which was supposed to be launched in April © nammaKPSC . Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. Sending an SMS to a given number or logging in to a website created for the purpose will allow passengers to know the exact location where a particular bus is at a given point in time. will be delayed by at least another six months. the first phase of the project will start in June this year. retaining the eight-digit alphanumeric format. the much-awaited project of Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation (BMTC) which aims to provide the real-time information pertaining to the bus timings through GPS. The code could then be customised according to your name or place. Intelligent Transport System (ITS)     Intelligent Transport System (ITS). The Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation is planning to equip its entire fleet of over 7. Uttar Pradesh. The impact of the earthquake has been felt in almost all northern States in India particularly in Bihar. The Earthquake has occurred at a depth of 10 Km with its Epicentral Region located in Nepal about 80 Km NW of Kathmandu. has hit hurdles.9 on ritcher scale with epicenter 77 kilometer north-west of Kathmandu has been experienced in some parts of India.

where one tectonic plate forces itself on top of another. the Indian plate broke off from Antarctica and started moving north-northeast with velocities of up to 13cm/year and collided with the Eurasian plate some 50 million years ago. Nepal lies on a so-called thrust fault.   It was triggered by the India tectonic plate. Decoding the earthquake  About 160 million years ago. The Indian plate continues to move with a velocity of more than 5 cm/year. and the constant collision of the India and Eurasia plates pushes up the height of the peaks by about a centimeter each © nammaKPSC . The most visible result of this is the Himalayan mountain range. Nepal is prone to destructive earthquakes. The fault runs along the 1. not only because of the massive forces involved in the tectonic collision.400-mile range. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. This results in thrust-faulting and has thrown up the Himalayan mountain range. which is moving northwards into central Asia. but also because of the type of fault line the country sits on. Normal faults create space when the ground cracks and separates.

with the occurrence of four earthquakes of magnitude exceeding 8 on the Richter scale. a M 7 earthquake would release energy of 30 Hiroshima kind of bombs and a M 8 would be equivalent to 900 Hiroshima kind of atom bombs. The following resources have been allocated so far as part of Operation © nammaKPSC . enough strains have accumulated to cause several M8 (magnitude. Blankets and 1. earthquakes occur. So. skid steers and JCBs. Indian Army has launched Operation Maitri. 4. Engineer Task Forces(ETFs) consisting of manpower. 2014. Understand the relationship between the Richter magnitude and the energy released. 10 INMARSATs for satellite communications have reached Nepal. 1905 Kangra. Operation Maitri   1. 2. No such earthquake has occurred since 1950. on Richter scale) earthquakes. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. Over the time. 2014 Significance of the passage of Rights of Transgender Persons Bill.  Since both plates are continental. This continued thrusting results in accumulation of strain and when this strain exceeds the strength of the rocks. These are the 1897 Shillong. Rights of Transgender Persons Bill. the continued collision has given rise to the Himalayan belt of mountains. in support of the Nepalese Army’s relief effort:Medical Teams. As part of the Nation’s overall relief effort for Nepal. 3. the zone had been very active.  A magnitude 6 releases energy equivalent to a Hiroshima kind of atom bomb.000 tents are on standby. the energy release increases 30 times. by the Rajya Sabha  It has again drawn the nation’s attention to the plight of the transgender community and the need to ensure that they get equal status in society as others. 1934 Bihar-Nepal and the 1950 Assam-China border earthquakes. With the increase of one unit in the magnitude. That is why we have a seismically active earthquake zone in Himalaya. In the past.

 Modi and Ghani also agreed to work with Tehran to turn Chabahar port of Iran into a viable gateway to Afghanistan and Central Asia. The two sides also agreed to sign a Memorandum of Understanding for visa-free entry for people having diplomatic passports. without the shadow of violence”. It is the first time since 1970 that a private member’s bill has been passed by the House. in the history of parliament. Both countries agreed to conclude bilateral Motor Vehicles Agreement at the earliest. New Delhi inked the deal with Kabul. an Agreement on Transfer of Sentenced Persons. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. India and Afghanistan    Modi conveyed to Ghani that New Delhi would support “an Afghan-led and Afghanowned” peace process with Taliban. Afghanistan and Pakistan signed a Transit and Trade Agreement in 2010. declared them as a socially and economically backward community eligible for reservations and other benefits and called upon the society and government to take steps to bring them into the mainstream. a Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty in Criminal Matters and a Treaty for Mutual Legal Assistance in Civil and Commercial Matters. only 15 such bills have been approved. which it views as a strategically important facility that could give India a sealand access route into Afghanistan through the eastern borders of Iran. introduced by DMK member Tiruchi Siva. New Delhi and Kabul agreeing to sign within the next three months an Extradition Treaty. but added that it should be “conducted within the framework of the Constitution of Afghanistan. The Motor Vehicles Agreement is intended to make it easier for passenger. ostensibly to send out a message to Islamabad. New Delhi is keen to build a container terminal and a multi-purpose cargo terminal on two berths at Chabahar port. It was a private member’s bill. But Islamabad insisted on inserting a provision in it to deny Afghanistan full access to the growing Indian and other South Asian markets. Though the agreement cannot be implemented without cooperation from Pakistan. The bill is a good legislative follow-up to last year’s landmark Supreme Court judgment which recognised transgenders as the third gender. thus bypassing Pakistan. In fact. personal and vehicular cargo traffic of India and Afghanistan to enter each other’s territory without any © nammaKPSC .

They will be visiting the famous Mughal Garden.  All Indian nationals who have a track record of innovation and implementation of innovative ideas are eligible. A committee will screen the applications and shortlist names for selection as ‘Innovation Scholar In-Residence. especially changes such as e-governance and infrastructure.  It encourages creative and innovative potential of people and open up the Bhavan for greater participation and involvement of the common man in its activities.  Online applications are invited from interested applicants through the website of the President of India. 2013 The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister today gave its approval to amend the Prevention of Corruption Act.  The initiative was aimed at giving the students exposure to the overall functioning of the © nammaKPSC . The proposed amendments are mainly aimed at laying down more stringent measures to tackle corruption as follows:  Providing for more stringent punishment for the offences of bribery.  The Innovation Scholars In-Residence programme was launched in December 2013. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. both for the bribe giver and the bribe taker. 1988 by pursuing the Prevention of Corruption (Amendment) Bill. 2013.  On the first day.  It will give an exposure to the overall functioning of the President and his office. Proposal to move Official Amendments to the Prevention of Corruption (Amendment) Bill.In Residence programme  The ‘In Residence’ programme for students. The proposed amendments would fill in perceived gaps in the domestic anti-corruption law and also help in meeting the country's obligations under the United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC)more effectively. Spiritual Garden and Herbal Garden and will be taken on an industry visit. students will be familiarised with the President’s estate. an effort by President Pranab Mukherjee to open up the Presidential palace to the public. pending before the Rajya Sabha by moving official amendments. It will provide an opportunity to understand the functioning of the government and interact with top bureaucrats.

prior sanction for inquiry and investigation shall be required from the Lokpal or Lokayukta. 2013 was introduced in the Rajya Sabha for the purpose on 19. more effectively.02. Non-monetary gratification has been covered within the definition of the word gratification. the views of the Law Commission of India were also sought on the proposed amendments.        Penal provisions being enhanced from minimum 6 months to 3 years and from maximum 5 years to 7 years (The seven year imprisonment brings corruption to the heinous crime category). To contain gain of benefits from profits of corruption. The Department Related Parliamentary Standing Committee submitted its report on the Bill to the Rajya Sabha on 06. Later developments. Further Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. the country's obligations under the UNCAC.2013. Expanding the ambit of provision for containing inducement of public servant from individuals to commercial entities is being added to contain supply side of corruption.2014 but the Bill could not be passed.Further. etc. necessitated a review of the existing provisions of the Act. It is also proposed to extend the protection of prior sanction for prosecution to public servants who cease to hold office due to retirement. the powers of attachment are proposed to be conferred upon the trial Court (Special Judge) instead of the District Court. such as. resignation © nammaKPSC . 1988 was enacted in the year 1988. so as to bring it in line with current international practice and also to meet. India ratifying the UNCAC. Providing for issue of guidelines for commercial organizations to prevent persons associated with them from bribing a public servants The average trial period of cases under PC Act in the last 4 years has been above 8 years. It is proposed to ensure speedy trial by providing a trial completion within 2 years.08. The Prevention of Corruption (Amendment) Bill. as the case may be. international practice on treatment of the offence of bribery and corruption. As the Bill contemplates an important paradigm shift in defining offences relating to bribery. for investigation of offences relatable to recommendations made or decision taken by a public servant in discharge of official functions or duties. Background: The Prevention of Corruption Act. Intentional enriching by public servants will be construed as criminal misconduct and possession of disproportionate assets as proof of such illicit enrichment.

000 crore for Smart Cities Mission 100 smart cities to receive Rs. Smart cities and Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) The Union Cabinet on Wednesday cleared one of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s most favoured projects — 100 smart cities spread across the country — and a new urban renewal mission named after Atal Bihari Vajpayee. with population of one lakh and above.00. The smart cities mission is aimed at recasting the urban landscape of the country by making cities more liveable and © nammaKPSC . replacing the existing one named after Jawaharlal Nehru. 2 lakh crore to flow into urban areas over the next five years       Raising funds Special Purpose Vehicle to be created for each city to implement Smart City action plan Public-Private Partnership model to be used by States and urban local bodies to mobilise private investments   States  States will get at least a smart city each Contact: nammakpsc@gmail.     Redrawing Urban Landscape Centre approves outlay of nearly Rs. Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) . The mission aims to release funding depending on multi-pronged progress of the projects and makes citizen participation an integral part of the planning of these cities. 100 crore a year for five years. besides driving economic growth.000 crore. 1. with a total outlay of nearly Rs. Each selected city under the ambitious scheme would get Central assistance of Rs. to receive funds in three installments Over Rs. 1 lakh crore to make cities more livable.amendments are proposed in the Bill as recommended by the Law Commission of India in its 254th Report. Rs. 100 crore per year for five years Rs.000 crore for Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation 500 cities and towns. 50. 48.

Smart City aspirants will be selected through a ‘City Challenge Competition’ intended to link financing with the ability of the cities to achieve the mission objectives. features more than 200 teams and the final is scheduled for May 9. the black metal art from Bidar. The 52-minute-long documentary in English and Kodava.         The States get the flexibility of designing schemes based on the needs of identified smart cities and in their execution and monitoring. a few capital cities and important cities located in hilly areas. specially-curated at the Metropolitan Museum of Art (The Met). with English © nammaKPSC . Each State will shortlist a certain number of smart city aspirants as per the norms to be indicated and they will prepare smart city proposals for further evaluation for extending Central support. The Cabinet also approved Central funding under AMRUT to the projects sanctioned under JNNURM and not completed. made through crowdsourcing. This year’s tournament. some cities situated on stems of main rivers. the Central Government will not appraise individual projects. This mission will be implemented in 500 cities and towns each with a population of one lakh and above. Bidriware  Bidriware. Nearly 400 such projects will get balance funding for completion. which captures the sentiments of the Kodavas to the sport. 10 per cent of Budget allocation will be given to States and UTs as incentive based on achievement of reforms during the previous year. Hockey in My Blood   Independent film-maker Sandhya Kumar has made a documentary. which began on April 15. A reform matrix with timelines would be circulated to States in the guidelines. has winged its way to New York to be part of a special theme exhibition. JNNURM projects sanctioned during 2005-2012 and which have achieved physical progress of 50 per cent or more will be supported till March 2017. Virajpet. islands and tourist areas.Hockey in My Blood. will be premiered at the Junior College Grounds. States will only submit State Annual Action Plans to the Centre for broad concurrence based on which funds will be released. on May 7. In a significant departure from JNNURM. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail.

India-Opulence and Fantasy’. Bidar is represented by tile work from the madrassa of Mahmud Gawan and stone-engraved Thuluth-style calligraphy found on the Chaukhandi monument Sri Lanka adopts 19th Amendment  The legislation envisages the dilution of many powers of Executive © nammaKPSC . would require a referendum.  The handicraft with a Geographical Indication (GI) tag has found a place in the show titled ‘Sultans of Deccan. Saudi King names new heir   Saudi Arabia’s King Salman named his powerful Interior Minister as heir in a generational shift that also saw one of his sons promoted to second in line to the throne. such as those making Prime Minister the head of Cabinet and empowering PM to determine the size of Cabinet. The power of President to dissolve Parliament only after four and a half years [unlike one year. which had been in force since 1978. held that certain provisions. he can appoint Ministers on the advice of Prime Minister. Re-introduction of a two-term limit that a person can have as President 3. as prevalent now] 4. in its ruling early this month. So. However. A royal decree removed Crown Prince Moqren bin Abdul Aziz bin Saud (69). The reduction in the terms of President and Parliament from six years to five years 2. The 19th Amendment to the Constitution will annul the 18th Amendment while replac-ing the now defunct 17th Amendment to establish the Independent Commissions. The important features of the Bill are: 1. the Supreme Court. The revival of Constitutional Council and the establishment of independent commissions. the President remains the head of Cabinet. who led a crackdown on Al-Qaeda in the oil-rich kingdom a decade ago.   Though the abolition of the Executive Presidency was the major electoral promise of Mr Sirisena. Apart from Bidriware. as heir and replaced him with Prince Mohammed bin Nayef (55). Contact: nammakpsc@gmail.

For individual households. chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. It is mandatory for millers to produce five per cent ethanol from molasses for blending with petrol. the loan limit will be Rs. wind mills. which is currently betting big on renewable energy with a target to achieve 100 GW of green energy by 2022. This is also expected to ensure energy security of the country. The meeting. decided to hike the import duty on sugar to 40 per cent from the current 25 per cent to check the slide in domestic prices of the sweetener and enable the industry to clear cane arrears to the tune of Rs.099 crore. This will boost investments from the SME sector in renewable space as finance will be available at a competitive rate as bankers have separate allocation and priority for the sector Sugar import duty hiked to 40 per cent       The Union Cabinet on 29 April. Under the Duty Free Import Authorisation (DFIA). This is in line with the demand raised by the industry. permissible quantities of raw sugar for subsequent processing and disposal. cane growers and state governments with whom the government recently held a series of meetings. The government has also decided to end duty-free raw sugar imports. 20. is expected to accrue large benefits for the sector. Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. also decided to waive off 12.6 per cent excise duty on ethanol blending for the next sugar season. among others. exporters of sugar could import duty free.10 lakh per borrower. The saving will be passed on to the sugar industry/distilleries. biomass based power generators.15 crore to borrowers for setting up solar based power generators. The Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI) decision to grant special status to the renewable energy sector. under priority sector lending. To prevent offloading of sugar made from such duty free imports in the domestic © nammaKPSC .Renewable Energy has come under priority sector lending       As per RBI’s notification. Now commercial banks need to extend loans of up to a limit of Rs. the DFIA scheme for sugar would be withdrawn. micro-hydel plants and for non-conventional energy based public utilities such as street lighting systems and remote village electrification. Renewable Energy has come under priority sector lending along with medium enterprises and social infrastructure.

In all probability. In nature. the protective effect of the vaccine may be “sufficient to protect against a mosquito derived infection.” The prophylactic ability of the vaccine can be enhanced if it is used with an appropriate adjuvant (a compound that can increase the immune response). Mice vaccinated with the vaccine were “partially protected” even when they were infected with a high dose of chikungunya virus. Sugar production of India. The last few years have witnessed over-production of sugar as compared to domestic requirement. facing difficulties in clearing cane dues owed to the farmers and impacting incomes of 50 million sugarcane farmers.    The government has reduced to six months the period for discharging export obligations under the Advanced Authorisation Scheme for Sugar to prevent possibility of any leakage of such sugar in the domestic market. Ex-factory prices of sugar have fallen to Rs 22-24/kg in the country. This has depressed sugar prices with the mills having been constrained for liquidity. is estimated to be higher than the domestic consumption for the fifth year in a row this year. Chikungunya vaccine    The chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes and causes an infection in humans known as chikungunya fever. no vaccine is commercially available against chikungunya. The disease causes fever and severe joint pain. the joint pain can last for a few months and in some cases for up to several years. The results were published a few days ago in the journal PLOS Neglected Diseases .com © nammaKPSC . the viral load will be much lower when it is transmitted by a mosquito. Currently. while the cost of production is over Rs 30/kg. An experimental chikungunya vaccine to induce neutralising immune responses to kill the viruses once they enter the body has shown promise in mice. the world's second largest producer.  Contact: nammakpsc@gmail. Similar conditions of subdued prices prevail in the global markets. India is one of the worst affected countries. The government steps are to improve the price sentiments relating to sugar.

com © nammaKPSC .NOTES Contact: nammakpsc@gmail.