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ANSWER KEY

ABM REVIEW CENTER


PRE BOARD EXAMINATION.THEORY OF ARCHITECTURE
January 2007
1.Represented by a building which meets in a satisfactory manner the requirement of
logical function, solid construction and beautiful composition
a Architecture
b Engineering
c Planning
d Design
2. A sketch specifically the 9 hour sketch made at the beginning of a problem in
architecture
a Concours
b Hors Concours
c Esquisse
d EsquisseEsquisse
3. A scheme, idea or a solution of a problem in architecture which is expressed in a
preliminary sketch
a Esquisse
b Rendu
c Projit
d Parti
4. A stage in modernism where structural systems and utilities such as pipes, ducts
are exposed
a Radicalism
b Brutalism
c Expressionism
d Utilitarianism
5. The logical arrangement of windows in a building
a Envelope
b Fenestration
c Rhythm
d Balance
6. A sheltered gallery running behind an open arcade or colonnade
a Loggia
b Foyer
c Lanai
d Ambulatory
7. A kind of spatial organization which consists of repetitive cellular spaces grouped
by proximity or by the sharing of a common trait or relationship
a Centralized
b Radial
c Clustered
d Grid
8. A phenomenon wherein drawings consisting of black lines are recognized as
representing an object is quickly recognized by the observer
a Under Ground
b Background
c Fore Ground
d Figure
Ground
9. A large space in a transportation terminal for the gathering of crowds
a Concourse
b Waiting Area
c Lounge
d Loggia
10. An architectural element which serves as a screen to deflect side air current, the
suns rays or to abstract vision
a Buffer
b Shade
c Canopy
d Baffle
11. A name given to a visual measure of design based upon the proportion of the
human body and on mathematics
a Modulor
b Ken
c Anthropometric d Ergonomics
System
Measurement
s
12. Building approach can either be
a Oblique
b Frontal
c Both a and b
d None of the
above
13. His works include the Yale Art Gallery, Richards Medical Center and Unitarian
Church
a Walter Gropius
b Louis Khan
c Le Corbusier
d Tadao Ando
14. an organizational transformation where transformation occurs by altering one or
more of its dimensions and still retain its identity as a member of a family of forms
a Additive
b Dimentional
c Subtractive
d All of the
Transformatio
Transformation
Transformation
above
n
15. An applied science concerned with the characteristics of people that need to be
considered in the design of devices and systems in order that people and things will
interact effectively and safely
a Anthropometric b Ergonomics
c Architecture
d Design
s
Engineering
16. An environmental concept where each design component becomes an essential
part of the whole such when one is removed, the composition is incomplete
a Evolutionary
b Environmental
c Organic
d Post
Architecture
Theory
Architecture
Modernism
Perception
17. A term that refers to the edge contour of a plane or the silhouette of a volume
a Form
b Mass
c Plane
d Shape
18. All are bases of proportion except
a Materials
b Manufactured
c Logical
d Structural
Proportion
Proportion
Proportion
Proportion
19. A type of concept which literally relates form with other objects or processes
a Essence
b Simile
c Metaphors
d Analogy
20. This is a delimited space that a person or a group of persons uses and defends
as an exclusive preserve

Defensible
b Ownership
c Territory
d Enclosure
Space
21. The ability of individuals or groups of individuals to control their visual, auditory,
and olfactory interactions with others
a Territoriality
b Privacy
c Individuality
d Anonimism
22. The study of the symbolic and communicative role of the spatial separation
individuals maintain in various social and interpersonal situations
a Proxemics
b Ergonomics
c Anthropometric d Territoriality
s
23. Something that represents something else by association, resemblance, or
convention, especially a material object used to represent something invisible or
immaterial, deriving its meaning chiefly from the structure in which it appears
a Meanings
b Semiotics
c Symbols
d Ekistics
24. Behavior setting studies include
a A Rrecurrent
b A Milieu
c A Specific Time
d All of the
Activity
Period
above
25. The architect whose dictum includes less is more
a Alvar Aalto
b Le Corbusier
c Ludwig Mies
d Frank Lloyd
Van der Rohe
Wright
26. The art and science of shaping, ornamenting or assembling materials in building
construction
a Semiotics
b Tectonics
c Ergonomics
d Bauhaus
27. Colors which are equidistant to each other on the color wheel
a Analogous
b Borderline
c Triad
d Complementar
Colors
Hues
y
28. It is associated with a feeling of lack of control over the environment that leads to
negative behavior because they are related causally to social overload
a Tectonics
b Environment
c Proxemics
d Social
Behavior study
overcrowding
29. The science of human settlements
a Ethnocentrism
b Proxemics
c Ekistics
d Tectonics
30. Habitual disposition to judge foreign peoples or groups by the standards and
practices of ones own culture or ethnic groups
a Semiotics
b Ethnocentris
c Territoriality
d Regionalism
m
31. A series of discontinuous movements in the 19th and 20th centuries that opposes
both the Zeitgeist and the Single Strand theories that propose continuous evolution
of styles
a Modernism
b Revivals
c Critical
d Ethnocentrism
Regionalism
32. Rerfers to the name of a color
a Red
b Tint
c Tone
d Hue
33. Resulting color when a primary color is mixed with a secondary color
a Analogous color b Indigo
c Tertiary color
d Complementar
y Color
33. Inventor of Geodesic Dome which was based on the
principle of Spaced Frame
a Lucio Costa
b Buckminster
c Marcel Breuer
d Felix Candela
Fuller
34.Architect of the Sagrada Familia
a Leandro Locsin
b IM Pei
c Walter Gropius
d Antonio
Gaudi
35. The founding father of Deconstruction
a Jacques
b Marcel Breuer
c Alvar Aalto
d Lucio Costa
Derrida
36. The study of the pragmatic dimension comprising the
question of the meaning of the art-forms
a Contextual
b Metabolism
c Iconology
d Iconography
Architecture
37. The formal study of the logical constructions of symbol-systems without taking
into consideration its relationship to reality
A Semiotics
b Syntactics
c Semantics
d Sarcastic
38. Architect whose believes that Beauty grows from necessity not from repetition of
formulas.
a Eliel Saarinen b Eero Saarinen
c Toyo Ito
d Michael Graves
39. Asian architect who ones says that A city must be subject to growth, decay and
renewal.
a Francisco
b Ieoh Ming Pei
c Minoru
d Kenzo Tange
Manoza
Yamasaki

40. An art which seeks to harmonize in a building the requirements of beauty,


strength and utility.
a Engineering
b Architecture
c Planning
d Design
.
.
.
.
41. It is the most fundamental activity of man.
a Response
b Recognition
c Preservation
d Self Expression
.
.
.
.
42. It is the desire for prestige, struggle for a position in the society.
a Response
b Recognition
c Preservation
d Self Expression
.
.
.
.
43. The development of this material made the walls possible to be thin.
a Insulation
b Air
c Plaster
d Paint
.
.
Conditioning
.
.
44. It is characterized by designs that are less structural and are likely to be ornate.
a Period of
b Period of
c Archaic Period
d Eclectic Period
.
Mastery
.
Decadence
.
.
45. Invention of these made high rise buildings possible
a Stairs
b Conveyors
c Escalators
d Elevators
.
.
.
.
46. It is a quality of character of architecture expressive of definitive conceptions.
a Style
b Systems
c Aesthetics
d Historic
.
.
.
.
47. An architectural style based upon the desire to allow function and materials to
dictate form and style.
A Revivals
b Contemporar
c Eclecticism
d Historical
.
y
.
.
48. A creative form of style wherein the structure follows the method of construction.
a Imitative
b Contemporary
c Structural
d Historical
.
.
.
.
49. It is an architecture based on the primary consideration of function but with
reservations for historic styles as basis of design.
a Traditional
b Decorative
c Pure
d Structural Style
.
modernism
.
Functionalism
.
Functionalism
.
50. It is the simplest structural element.
a Column
b Beam
c Footing
d Wall
.
.
.
.
51. This grows more logically from a circular pattern but is often used over square
plans by means of pendentives
a Roof
b Domes
c Vaults
d Tiers
.
.
.
.
52. A series of arches that forms a continuous covering.
a Domes
b Ceilings
c Vaults
d Tiers
.
.
.
.
53. A covering used to conceal the floor above or the roof.
a Tiers
b Ceilings
c Vaults
d Clerestory
.
.
.
.
54. It permits passage from the exterior to the interior or from one room to another.
a Doors
b Windows
c Fenestration
d Clerestory
.
.
.
.
55. It allows the horizontal travel from one part of the building to another.
a Corridor
b Footpath
c Flooring
d Pathways
.
.
.
.
56. A type of mouldings which is sturdier in character.
a Separating
b Translating
c Supporting
d Terminating
.
.
.
.
57. It is the beginning of the building and the foundation upon which the scheme of
the structure rests.
a Idea
b Plan
c Perspective
d Elevation
.
.
.
.
58. It is determined by the mass or volume created by enclosing the space.
a Enclosure
b Shape
c Form
d Dimension
.
.
.
.
59. It is the vertical or horizontal axis of the mass.
a Volume
b Length
c Width
d Direction
.
.
.
.
60. It is the geometric qualities of the mass.
a Volume
b Shape
c Depth
d Form
.
.
.
.
61. It refers to the light and shade caused by openings, projections, etc.
a Tone
b Moulding
c Texture
d Rays

.
.
.
.
62. It is the result when an architect treats an elevation as a two-dimensional surface.
a Distortion
b Paper
c 3D Design
d Sectional
.
.
Architecture
.
.
Elevation
63. A transformation where a form can be transformed by the addition of elements to
its volume
a Subtractive
b Additive
c Dimensional
d Transfiguration
.
Transformation
.
Transformatio .
Transformation
.
n
64. The process of changing a form by subtracting a portion of its volume. The form
may or may not change its identity depending on the extent of the subtractive
process
a Subtractive
b Additive
c Dimentional
d Transfiguration
.
Transformatio .
Transformation
.
Transformation
.
n
65. It requires that the two forms must have flat, planar surfaces that are parallel to
each other.
a Edge to Edge
b Face to Face
c Spatial Tension
d Interlocking
.
.
.
.
Volumes
66. It requires that the two forms are relatively close together or share a common
visual trait, such as shape, material or color.
a Edge to Edge
b Face to Face
c Spatial
d Interlocking
.
.
.
Tension
.
Volumes
67. It requires that two forms must interpenetrate each others space.
a Edge to Edge
b Face to Face
c Spatial Tension
d Interlocking
.
.
.
.
Volumes
68. It consists of a number of secondary forms clustered about a dominant central
parent form.
a Cluster
b Grid
c Centralized
d Radial
.
.
.
.
69. It is a sense of equilibrium or equality.
a Balance
b Contrast
c Unity
d Proportion
.
.
.
.
70. Characterized by a composition where in which the elements are arranged in
precisely the same manner
a Occult Balance
b Asymmetrical
c Unsymmetrical
d Symmetrical
.
.
Balance
.
Balance
.
Balance
71. Refers to the difference or unlikeness in the qualities of an object
a Character
b Scale
c Balance
d Contrast
.
.
.
.
72. It is the relation of the part of the composition to another.
a Scale
b Unity
c Proportion
d Character
.
.
.
.
73. It is merely the ratio of a certain part to the whole.
a Relative
b Human Scale
c Absolute Scale
d Absolute
.
Proportion
.
.
.
Proportion
74. It is the classical method of deriving the proportion of a rectangle.
a Triangular
b Golden Mean
c Post and Lintel
d Classical
.
Arrangement
.
.
.
Orders
75. It is the relation between the parts of a composition and a certain abstract unit of
measurement.
a Scale
b Proportion
c Ken
d Module
.
.
.
.
76. The size of a building element relative to other forms in its context.
a Human Scale
b Module
c Generic Scale
d Abstract Scale
.
.
.
.
77. This is similar to timing or movement which is the basic foundation of music.
a Tone
b Rhythm
c Scale
d Accent
.
.
.
.
78. It is the consistent integration of the elements of a design.
a Character
b Scale
c Motif
d Unity
.
.
.
.
79. A type of character that results directly from the purpose of use of the building.
a Character
b Personal
c Functional
d Traditional
.
.
Character
.
Character
.
Character
80. It is sometimes called as associated character.
a Functional
b Traditional
c Personal
d Motif
.
Character
.
Character
.
Character
.
81. It is a structure erected as a memorial of some past occurrence.
a Memorial Park
b Cathedral
c Tradition
d Monument

.
.
.
.
82. It is also referred to as fenestrations
a Door
b Openings
c Entry
d Window
.
.
.
.
83. It is a style developed in the 10th century which was inspired by the architecture
of the Greeks and the Romans.
a Historical Style
b Contemporary
c Revivals
d Structural Style
.
.
.
.
84. It is a need to answer the desire to make something which is not strictly
utilitarian.
a Architecture
b Aesthetics
c Design
d Engineering
.
.
.
.
85. An emotional need where architecture became a medium of expression of mans
spiritual existence.
a Religious
b Self Expression c Recognition
d Prestige
.
Need
.
.
.
86. Architect who believes that he most important material is man.
a Pier Luigi Nervi
b Adolf Loos
c Richard
d Oscar
.
.
.
Joseph Neutra .
Niemeyer
87. Ceiling with deeply recessed panels and often highly ornamented covering.
a Hemispherical
b Depressed
c Coffered
d Decorated
.
Dome
.
Ceiling
.
Ceiling
.
Ceiling
88. These are made of arches so arranged that the bases make a circle and the top
meet at the center of the ceiling.
a Domes
b Coffered
c Tiers
d Vaults
.
.
.
.
89. These should be developed from the use of the building as expressed in modern
materials and not from styles of the past.
a Historical Style
b Structural Style c Revivals
d Contemporar
.
.
.
.
y Style
90. It is the natural domestic architecture of a people including simple communal
buildings such as churches, warehouse and barns
a Folk
b Contemporary
c Regional
d Filipino
.
Architecture
.
Architecture
.
Architecture
.
Architecture