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272-231 BC The edicts of Asoka are the best known examples and date to 272-231 B

C, they are not the earliest examples, which date to the 6th century BC. It's ev
en been found as far south as Tamil Nadu in this time period.

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The presence of Meluhhaites/ Puntites in India explains the Greek tradition of K


assites ruling India up to the Ganges. It would also explain the so-called Aryan
traditions of Mlechchas (Mur'akas) Sanskrit name for some of the non-Aryan
people) as one of the aboriginal groups of India. Many scholars associate
the name Mlechchas with Meluhha.
The major Naga tribes were the:
Maravar,
Eyinar,
Oliyar,
Oviyar,
Aru-Valur and
Parathavar.
The Nagas resisted the invansion of the Cholas .
In the Kalittokai IV,1-5, the Naga are described as being "of strong limbs
and hardy frames and fierce looking tigers wearing long and curled locks of
hair." The Naga kings of Sri Lanka are mentioned in the: Mahawanso, and are
said to have later become Dravidians, as testified to by the names of these
people: Naganathan, Nagaratnam, Nagaraja and etc.
The major gift of the Naga to India was the writing system: Nagari.
Nagari is the name for the Sanskrit script. Over a hundred years ago Sir
William Jones, pointed out that the ancient Ethiopic and Sanskrit writing
are one and the same.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Nubia or JaNubia(Arabic word for southerner) was NOT a Ancient civilization.
The Naga is actually a ancient order amongst the Sadu the ones who hold the axe
they are the Naga.

The swastika is a very big thing amongst the ethiopians and Indians. The swastik
a sign is part of the corpus of Harappan or Indus Valley signs. The swastika is
read KaaKaa "deliverance, protection, safe keeping". This sign is number 210, in
my grammar and vacabulary of the Harappan/Indus Valley language found at the fo
llowing site.
The swastika has the same meaning in Ethiopia it is for protection safe keeping
and good luck.
The Ethiopians did not rule an Empire from Nubia to Ethiopia at the same time. I
t was not until Ezana, that the Axumites took over the Meroitic empire. It was d
uring the Arwe empire that the Ethiopians ruled India.

Elephant in Amharic is zihon, while in Tigrinya is is armaz. In Ge'ez, however, i


t is nag, plural nagyat. "Naga" does not mean king in Tigrinya. The word is "Nagas
h," which is the Ge'ez word for it (the modern Ge'ez and Amharic is Nigus). The
lack of the "sh" or "s" is important. There's no mechanism for the addition of t
he letter "shin" at the end of a word, so you can't claim the root is just naga.
(to be accurate, the word in Tigrinya is negash, in Ge'ez it was nagsh. Very few
Ethiopians are confused for Indians and then only for southerners.
Some feel that the words:
Nagash [Ethiopian],
Naga [Indian], and
even Negro [Latin] are derived from the same root!
Nagas haveAfrican (Western) origins.
The Tihama ceramics are related to the C-Group and Kerma this suggest intimate r
elations between these groups (Fattowich).
There is a debate going on that Geez was the FIRST language of the earth! Ge'ez
is Afrasian.

philosophy was considered "natural", whereas theology was considered to be the r


ealm of "revelation", hence theology is higher up on the academic scale.......Th
is is going on today, and not just during the Middle Ages.........
The Olmec script is in fact a Manding script...

Afro-Asiatic, Khoisan, Niger-Congo, and Nilo-Saharan were all related language f


amilies, despite the fact that they're all predominantly spoken by blacks.

How are you proving the relationship between "black languages" and Dravidian lan
guages when there's no such thing as "black languages?"
Theophile Obenga rejects Greenberg's clasification of African languages. After c
omparing the languages of Africa, Th. Obenga classified African languages into w
hat he called Negro-African languages or "black African languages.
Obenga, like Diop was working against the paradigm that associated Egyptian with
Semitic and Berber and Semitic and Berber with whites. However the African lang
uage group, including Semitic is now more generally understood to be African in
origin, as are the Berber and Berber languages of course, so the ideological str
ategy applied by Obenga is no longer necessary. Th. Obenga discusses the evidenc
e of "Black African Languages in : Th. Obenga, "The genetic linguistic relations
hip between Egyptian (ancient Egyptian and Coptic) and modern Negro-African lang
uages. In The Peopling of ancient Egypt and the Deciphering of the Meroitic Scri
pt. The General History of Africa Studies Documents 1, (Paris: UNESCO,1978) pp.6
5-71.
So....he qualified or outright opposed the inclusion of those langauges into his
Negro African language group.

The so-called "Afro-Asiatic family," or "chamito-Semitic family".

Kumarinadu

The Myths of Naga Origin


Nagas inhabit in four states in India and in the Western parts of Myanmar. The N
agas live between Brahmaputra and Chindwin River specifically.
According to J.P. Mills, the Nagas live in the area, "bounded by the Hudkawng va
lley in the north-east, the plains of Brahmaputra valley to the north-west, of C
achar to the south-west and of the Chindwin to the east. In the south, the Manip
ur valley roughly marks the point of contact between the Naga tribes and the ver
y much more closely interrelated group of Kuki tribes Thadou, Lushei, Chin, etc,
"3
In India they are found in Nagaland, four Districts in Manipur, one District in
Assam and two Districts in Arunachal Pradesh. In addition to this, many Nagas in
habit in Western parts of Myanmar (Burma). In Myanmar, Nagas are concentrated in
the Somrah Tract bordering India, which comes under Kachin state and Saging Sub
-division.

There are 45 major tribes with the population about 3 millions in 2001. There ar
e 13 tribes in Nagaland, 17 tribes in Manipur, 2 tribes in Assam, 3 tribes in Ar
unachal Pradesh and 10 tribes in Myanmar. According to Naga National Right and M
ovements NNC, there are 77 tribes, which includes the sub-tribe and major tribes
. According to 2001 Census, the Nagas from Nagaland and Manipur comprise of abou
t 2.7 millions and the rest of the Nagas comprise of about 0.3 millions of popul
ation.
The Nagas
migration
ty of the
border to

have no written historical record about their origin and the route of
to their present inhabitation; it is a general believe that the majori
Nagas immigrated from South East through the corridor of Indo-Myanmar
the Naga Hills.

What some of the authorities of Nagas say about Nagas?

The folktale and legends of Nagas do not trace their origin from Tibet. But all
the stories of origin pointed to the southeast. The folktale and folksong did no
t support the above theory of Nagas' migration from Tibet.

You're right, they have nothing to do with Ethiopia. That's because these people
have nothing to do with the ancient Naga of Dravidian writing. These people nev
er ruled India or invented writing. Slick move.

Egypt has had a tremendous influence on the Semitic languages because of the Hig
h Culture in Egypt and rule over meny parts of the Middle East for 100's of year
s.
Egyptian is 700 years older than the earliest attested semitic language: Akkadia
n.

How can Ethiopian 'nagari' be related to Indian 'naga' if Nagari refers to speec
h while 'naga' refers to serpent?! The word for serpent in Ge'ez is 'arwe'.
Nagara means 'to say, tell' and nagar means 'speech' (Thomas O. Lambdin, Introd
uction to Classical Ethiopic (Ge'ez) ,(1978) p.419:
nagar 'speech, narrative 'in Ge'ez, transformed into Nagari by the Indians.

Nagara means 'to say, tell' and nagar means 'speech' see Thomas O. Lambdin, Intr
oduction to Classical Ethiopic (Ge'ez) ,(1978) p.419. I was just demonstrating t
hat since nagar 'speech, narrative' in Ge'ez, this term was probably transformed
into Nagari by the Indians.

There is no native etymology that explains Nagari as the name for the Sanskrit l
anguage. It is clear that Devanagari means:
'Divine city' or
'Sacre city' or
'City of God'. That is why the term script, is placed in brackets in your defini
tions:" meaning the "urban(e) [script] of the deities (= gods)", i.e. "divine ur
ban(e) [script]". There is nothing in Sanascrit that allows the term Deva+nagari
to represent anything but:
Deva (sacre, deity, god)+
nagari (city, of the city).
For example lets look at deva+ , e.g., devata+maya 'containing all the gods';
deva+putra 'son of god';
deva+nadi 'divine river';
deva+linga 'statue of god ; and
deva+nagari 'sacred city'. Lets look at nagari:
avanti+nagari 'the city of Uggayini;
Yama-nagari 'city of Yama'; and
Indra+nagari 'city of Indra'.
The above attempts to provide a native etymology for nagari 'city, urban(e)' whe
n interpreting Devanagari fails, because Devanagari was a lingua franca and over
time the proper meaning of the term was lost as various grammarian refined Sans
krit.
'lipi', "script," being originally part of the name (which is why it is a femini
ne word).
It is obvious that lipi was never associated with the name for Sanskrit, this is
why they put brackets around 'script'. You present a secondary source. This sec
ondary source mentions the fact that the language was called Nagari. If the lang
uage was called Nagari or Devanagari, where is this lipi associated with any of
names for Sanskrit? I have outlined the names for Sanskrit, it is up to you to p
resent the evidence that lipi was part of the name of Devanagari/Nagari. If Deva
nagari or Nagari was not used to write Vedic, and is not a language, what is it?
It's a script.
The origin of Devanagari was as a trade language or lingua franca. It was, and h
as always been mainly an oral language until Panini and others wrote a grammar f
or it to be written. This is why neither the Ge'ez or Sanscript word for 'writin
g' was ever applied to Devanagari, it was called Deva+nagari 'the sacred speech'
. Sanskrit has traditionally been a oral language and when it was given a formal
grammar by Panini it continued to be seen as an oral language.
These Sanskrit examples make it clear that Deva and nagari has nothing to do wit
h 'writing'. Some researchers have claimed that devanagari= "sacre urbane [wirit
ng]", because they want to have an etymology for this term. Yet as noted by the
Wikipedia site cited by Yom Sanskrit is often simply known as "Nagari" .
This supports my earlier view that the Ethiopian term Nagari, was used to repres
ent writing by the inventors of Sanskrit, which was probably used as a lingua fr

anca by the Ethiopians who ruled India and lived primarially in Indian urban are
as. This means that Deva+nagari = 'Sacre Writing', not 'urbane [script} of the D
eity'.
They used the term nagari, due to the fact that Sanskrit was originally a lingua
franca used by the Ethiopians to communicate with their subjects and other dive
rse people in India. Because of its possible origin as a trade language, spoken
Sanskrit acquired the name "Nagari" 'speech'.
Since it probably originated as a lingua franca, it was later written in Ge'ez o
r some other Ethiopian script. When Panini and others wrote grammars of Sanskrit
they continued to call it by the name given it by its creator: Nagari 'speech'.
Pales claim that Devanagari is a more recent script, ultimately (in India) deriv
ed from Brahmi (whose first attestations are in the 6th c. BC). Devanagari is a
direct descendent of Siddham (with a perfectly acceptable Sanskrit meaning), whi
ch in turn is descended from Gupta Brahmi, itself from Brahmi (from there you go
to the middle East and egypt). Given that Devanagari wasn't used until the late
first millenium/early second millenium and its clearly Indic predecessors with
Sanskrit names, how can you uphold a Ge'ez etymology? Especially during a time w
hen Ge'ez had just died and Agew (not even a Semitic language) was the langauge
of the court?
Pales claim Ge'ez died out when it continues to be recognized as the Classical l
anguage which records many Ethiopian historical documents.
Devanagari was also called Nagari,

Pales claim that Devanagari descended from Brahmi, which later became Gupta Brah
mi, which evolved into Siddham, which then became Devanagari.
Either lipi is part of the Devanagari and Nagari or it is not. You can look at t
he word and visibly see that lipi is not part of these terms.
Ethiopians have had very intimate relations with Indians. In fact the Ethiopians
ruled much of India. These Ethiopians were called Naga. It was the Naga who cre
ated Sanskrit. (talking about scripts and not languages here) and The major gift
of the Naga to India was the writing system: Nagari. Nagari is the name for the
Sanskrit script. Over a hundred years ago Sir William Jones, pointed out that t
he ancient Ethiopic and Sanskrit writing are one and the same.
Devanagari did not come from Ge'ez because of its name, it came from Siddham, an
earlier Indic script with a perfectly reasonable Sanskrit (language) etymology.

Naga, ruler of the underworld.


They claim that Ge'ez was still an abugida at the time. Though vocalization prob
ably occured some time (though not a large time) earlier, the first inscriptions
in the Ge'ez abugida aren't until the 4th century AD.

Ge'ez vocalization, doesn't occur definitively until Ezana's reign at the latest
.
The letter forms from which Brahmi derived are clearly Aramaic. The Brahmic in t
his case is clearly descended from the Aramaic form and not from Ge'ez.
quote:
Almost all researchers accept the fact that the Indian scripts are based on Semi
tic models.
Like every alphabet in the world, descending from Proto-Sinaitic in Egypt. That
Semitic alphabet is Ge'ez or Aramaic. Within India, however, it's clear that Dev
anagari was derived from Brahmi.
Brahmi predates Devanagari by 1700 years. Even if Brahmi descended from Ge'ez, G
e'ez didn't form the basis for a script that evolved 1700 years later.

125,000 YA Archaeological data indicates that modern humans occupied coastal Eas
t Africa and exploited marine resources during the last interglacial about 125,0
00 years ago (Walter et al. 2000). This is support for an early out of Africa mi
gration via a coastal route to southern Asia, eventually reaching a destination
in Australia (Stringer 2000).
Pales claim that "Nagas are a group of Mongoloid people from the North and then
spread throughout India during the period of the epic Mahabharata". and that "mo
st of Naga (Nagroes/Negroes) people live in India, such as Naga Land of northwes
t India, states of Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh. On Myanmar side of the border
live much smaller population of some 100,000 Naga-s. They spread around western
Sagaing Division, from Patkoi range in north to Thaungdyat in south, from Indian
border in west to River Chindwin in east". But these people are not related to
the Naga of South Indian traditions.
They further claim that "In Mahabharata period these Nagas were ruling in North
West with their capital at Takshila and at Patalpuri around present Karachi and
Hyderabad. From there they drifted to south and east i.e. from the Panjab to Raj
asthan and Madhya Pradesh".
and that:
"West Asia was original home of Nagas from where this tradition was transferred
to Indus Valley along with their migration in Neolithic-Chalcolithic Age and was
prevalent among the native people in Vedic and later Vedic period.

___________________________________________________
Genealogy of Nga kshatriyas
The list of rulers in the genealogy of Nga kshatriyas, as provided by Kishori Lal
Faujdar, is as under:
Shesha,
Vsuki,
Arwati,
Taxak,
Karkotak,
Dhananjay,
Kliya,
Maninth,
yraa,
(Pauniya),
Pinjarak,
Alwat,
Vman,
Nl,
Anl,
Kalmsha,
Shabal,
ryak,
Ugrak Kalash,
Pok,
Sumand,
Dghamukh,
Nimal Pindak,
Shankh,
Bl Shiv,
Vishtvak,
Imeguh,
Nahush,
Pingal,
Bahya Vara,
Hastipad,
Mundar,
Pindak,
Karal,
Ashwatar,
Klshak,
Pahal,
Tn Danvartak,
Shankhamukh,
Kushmndak,
semak,
Chindraka,
Karvr,
Pushpadand,
Vilvak,
Pndhr,
Mshakd,
Shankhasir,
Prmadra,
Haridraka,
Aparjita,
Jotika,
Pannaga,
Srvaha,

Kauravya,
Dhritarashtra,
Shankhapind,
Virj,
Suvahu,
Shlipinda,
Haritpinda,
Pithraka,
Sumukha,
Koaya,
Dashan,
Kuthara,
Kunjar,
Prabhkara,
Kusad,
Halak,
Kumudksha,
Tittar,
Mahsarpa,
Kadanma,
Bahumlaka,
Karkara,
Kundaudara,
Mahodara.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Pale people want us to accept that:
Many Siddi who rose to power started out as slaves,as was Bilal, it's well docum
ented, these individuals had names.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Pales teach that the Africans in India belong to various parts of Africa as is e
vident by geographic identifications, namely:
Abyssinians,
Nubians,
Somalis,
Zanzibaris.
These divisions were further divided by religious loyalties:
Muslim or Christian.
Most Africans in the Deccan came from the Horn of Africa, or Ethiopia, called al
-Habashah (Habashi) by Arabs. Therefore, the present writer has preferred the te
rm
Detailed documentation concerning the numbers, the status and role of the Habash
is in the earliest Muslim period in Indian history is lacking.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Some 'pales" say the "sidis" of india were Slaves, well you don't call a slave L
ORD, Which is what the word Sidi means. Sidi comes from the arabic word Sayid an
d can be translated as lord or sir. Sir in the British since, as far as someone
with high ranking status.
They claim that the indians called black people there "habsha" which he claimed
meant "african". Habsha is a corruption of the word HABASHI (From "Abas or Abasa
), which is how present day Ethiopians refer to themselves. They never called th
emselves Ethiopians in antiquity, that name "Ethiopian" came about much later.
Old maps of Africa from the 1800s or so,
was called Abyssinia (the Abyss) by the
of the word Habasha (the name they used
l president day "Ethiopians" as Habashi.
he blacks there as Habshi which does not
Ethiopia.

show that what is now called 'Ethiopia'


west back then. Abyssinia is corruption
to call their country). Arabs still cal
So in India we have them referring to t
mean African, it refers to someone from

__________________________________________________

The Ethiopian Naga people who ruled India were associated with serpents and ser
pent worship.
eurocentrist:
Don't like reality, deny it,
can't deny then discredit,
can't discredit then change the subject matter.
Posted by Clyde Winters

The complete Kebra Nagast, Like the Bible It is a collection of Legends.

these people don't say they are Ethiopians why do you?


rofl with the images lol, you people.
You can't be this stupid the books says
From Page 15 and 16 of the Kebra Nagast (which I own a hard copy of) here is wha
t it says:
"18. THE DIVISION OF THE EARTH
From the middle of Jerusalem, and from the north thereof to the south-west is th
e portion of the Emperor of Rome; and from the middle of Jerusalem from the nort
h thereof to the south and to Western India is the portion of the Emperor of Eth
iopia (India was the property of ETHIOPIA!!!). For both of them are of the seed
of Shem, the son of Noah, the seed of Abraham, the seed of Shem glory because of
the blessing of their father Noah. The Emperor of Rome is the son of Solomon, a
nd the Emperor of Ethiopia is the first-born and the eldest son of Solomon.

The Muslims when they conquered India were all called Sidi 'lord'. The Ethiopian
s had conquered India and were called the Ethiopian Naga, which probably meant l
ord to the Indians. The ancient Ethiopians probably wore dreadlocks like other H
ebrews...The major Naga tribes were the:
Maravar,
Eyinar,
Oliyar,
Oviyar,
Aru-Valur and
Parathavar.
In the Kalittokai IV,1-5, the Naga are described as being "of strong limbs and h
ardy frames and fierce looking tigers wearing long and curled locks of hair."
In the Mahabharatha the Nagas are frequently mentioned as living in various part
s of India and Ceylon (Sri Lanka) in a highly civilized state under their own ki
ngs.....:
Nagpur (Nagapuram),
Nagarjuna Kills,
Nagarcoil,
Nagarcot,
Nargapattinum etc
In the Mahavamsa, or in the ancient Pali, Sanskrit or Tamil literature for that
matter, the Nagas are never represented as as a class of super natural beings or
Gods and Goddesses who inhabited a subterranean world, whose normal form was th
at of serpents (spirit moves in waves), but who would assume any form at will.
11th century A.D Even if the Nagas be taken as human beings there is no particul
ar reason to treat them as identical with Tamils. Therefore this legend in the M
ahavamsa cannot be taken as evidence for the existence of a Tamil kingdom, not e
ven the existence of a settled Tamil population in the Jaffna peninsula from ver
y early times. In fact, except for this legend in the Mahavamsa and that in the
Tamil poem Manimekhalai claiming Tamil settlements in ancient Nagadipa or the Ja
ffna peninsula, so far we have not found any reliable evidence even to prove the
existence of any Tamil settlements there before the Polonnaruwa period. Accordi
ng to Dr S. Paranavithana, `the Ceylon Tamils developed as a separate community
with an identity of their own` only after the period of Cola rule at Polonnaruwa
in the 11th century A.D. (The Kingdom of Jaffna, p.3).
__
Ancient Naga civilization was spread from modern day Afghanistan to East up to A
ssam and Kashmir in the North to Karnataka in the South. They generally lived al
ong the water bodies such as lakes and rivers, that is why also called WATER PEOP
LE. Bulk of the civilization was around rivers SARASWATI -SINDHU (Sindh and Zanj/
Zandjh are the same concept) and their tributaries. Ninety percent of the HARAPP
AN sites are located in this region.

As per several renowned historians, the Saraswati-Sindhu river was existent in p


arts of Kashmir, Punjab and Sindh. Sindhu (
,
) was a kingdom mentioned in the epic
ata. It stretched along the banks of river Sindhu (Indus) in the Ancient Greater
India, which is now Pakistan.

_______________________________________________________
Nagas are Non-Dravidians and non-Aryans and among the early inhabitants of India
. They could be the Naga people. They differed culturally from the Classical Dra

vidians though they might have looked dark. Nagas founded small kingdoms in the
North India and also who were dominated by the Aryans in the Medieval times. Nah
usha who became Indra, the king of Devas or Aryans was a Naga. Though the Nagas
lost their position in the Aryan (Dravidians or Hero/A re Kings of Afraka) domin
ated areas, and became Buddhists when they were pushed to the lower echelons of
the society in North Indian regions, after the defeat of Villavars and Minavars
at the Central India by Nagas some clans of Nagas moved into south India and got
assimilated by the Dravidians.
Maravar, Oliyar, Oviyar, Aru-Valur and Parathavar
Maravar, Oliyar, Oviyar, Aru-Valur and Parathavar are believed to have Naga orig
ins. Some Nagas who converted to "Bdha/Ptah" religion moved to some places in Sr
i Lanka also, which were in turn renamed Nagadipa. They also moved to Indo China
and South Asian countries and moved to Philippines also. Eyinar may have Villav
ar origins too since Eyinar means archer in ancient Tamil.
Scythian Connection of the Nagas

________________________________________________________
Naga were not Tamils. Dravidians (Tamil) defeated the Naga. The Naga were recogn
ized as non-Dravidians. The Kebra Nagast claims the Ethiopians ruled that part o
f India under the control of the Naga; foriegn people called: naga by the Dravid
ians. The ancient Naga of Dravidian literature were the Ethiopians who according
to the Kebra Nagast ruled India.
African history does not begin and ends in Africa. Europeans weren t the only pe
ople who explored other parts of the world.
Nagas are Non Dravidians and non-Aryans and among the early inhabitants of India
. They could be the Naga people. They differed culturally from the Classical Dra
vidians though they might have looked dark. Nagas founded small kingdoms in the
North India and also who were dominated by the Aryans in the Medieval times. Nah
usha who became Indra, the king of Devas or Aryans was a Naga. Though the Nagas
lost their position in the Aryan dominated areas, and became Buddhists when they
were pushed to the lower echelons of the society in North Indian regions, after
the defeat of Villavars and Minavars at the Central India by Nagas some clans o
f Nagas moved into south India and got assimilated by the Dravidians.
Maravar, Oliyar, Oviyar, Aru-Valur and Parathavar
Maravar, Oliyar, Oviyar, Aru-Valur and Parathavar are believed to have Naga orig
ins. Some Nagas who converted to "Budha" religion moved to some places in Sri La
nka also, which were in turn renamed Nagadipa. They also moved to Indo China and
South Asian countries and moved to Philippines also. Eyinar may have Villavar o
rigins too since Eyinar means archer in ancient Tamil.
Scythian Connection of the Nagas
After the Saka or Indo-Scythian people who invaded India in the second century B
C some Nagas mixed with the Scythians especially at North India. They adopted th
e Matriarchy, Polyandry and other Scythian customs. Naga-Scythian tribe of Ahich
atra, in Uttarpradesh near Nainital was invited by King Mayuravarma of the Kadam
ba dynasty in 345 AD along with their Brahmin overlords to settle down at Shimog
a in the North Karnataka. During the Rashtrakuta invasions of Kerala and Tamil N

adu in the eighth and ninth centuries the same Naga tribe, the Nairs or Nayars f
ound firm roots in Kerala. Keralolpathi, Keralamahatmiyam and Kerala Purana stat
e the story of Naga migration from north to south in the first millennium.
In this post it is made clear the Naga were not Dravidian speaking Tamils. They
were assimilated into Dravidian population. The Ethiopians who were known as Nag
as were constantly mentioned in this post, since naga was an ethonym of the Ethi
opian rulers of India.
.

Ancient Naga civilization was spread from modern day Afghanistan to East up to A
ssam and Kashmir in the North to Karnataka in the South. They generally lived al
ong the water bodies such as lakes and rivers, that is why also called WATER PEOP
LE. Bulk of the civilization was around rivers SARASWATI -SINDHU and their tribut
aries. Ninety percent of the HARAPPAN sites are located in this region. The Sar
aswati-Sindhu river was existent in parts of Kashmir, Punjab and Sindh
Sindhu (
,
) was a kingdom mentioned in the epic Mahabharata. It stretched along th
f river Sindhu (Indus) in the Ancient Greater India, which is now Pakistan.
Mention of the SARASWATI -SINDHU myth is Hindutva propaganda and has nothing to
do with the Naga or Ethiopians of India. The Naga of Assam were also Blacks (Sou
theast Asia). As in India the Naga are associated with serpent worship. This ser
pent worship goes back to the Ethiopian worship of the Arwe. The association of
serpents with Buddha/Ptah goes back to the tradition of the Nagas becoming Buddh
ists as mentioned in the Dravidian literature mentioned above.
______________________________________________________

Genetic studies among the Nagas and Hmars of eastern India


N. Saha, J. S. H. Tay
Article first published online: 27 APR 2005
Abstract
A total of 148 Nagas (65 urban and 83 rural) and 81 Hmars from northeastern Indi
a were tested for 15 blood genetic markers. Both the Nagas and Hmars lacked haem
oglobin variants and G6PD deficiency and had a high frequency of PGDC. This may
be attributed to selective pressures operating at these loci. Genetic distance e
stimates using 41 alleles at 11 polymorphic loci showed appreciable heterogeneit
y between the urban and rural Nagas that were in line with the differences in ge
ne frequencies. Considerable genetic admixture of the urban Nagas from the Hmar
and other neighbouring populations is evident. The Nagas were found to be quite
distant from the mainland Han Chinese and Malays as well as from the Bengalis an
d Oraons. However, they appear to be related to the Hmar and Lepcha.
Hmar is the name of one of the numerous mizo/kuki/chin tribes of India, spread o
ver a large area in the northeast. The Hmars belong to the Chin-Kuki-Mizo group
of tribes, and are recognised as Scheduled Tribe under the 6th Schedule of the C
onstitution of India. Literally, Hmar means North or Northern people, as they ar
e living north to the Lusei people.
The Lepcha or Rng people, are the aboriginal people of Sikkiml a landlocked India
n state nestled in the Himalayan mountains.They number between 30,000 and 50,000
. Many Lepcha are also found in western and southwestern Bhutan, Tibet, Darjeeli
ng, the Ilam District of eastern Nepal, and in the hills of West Bengal.

_______________________________________________

The Kebra Nagast claims that the King of Ethiopia waged war on India. The earlie
r arrived Naga people were already there:
the King of ETHIOPIA was so great that the King of MDYM and the King of EGYPT caus
ed gifts to be brought unto him, and they came into the city of the Government,
and from there they encamped in ABT, and they waged war on the country of INDIA, an
d the King of INDIA brought a gift and a present (or, tribute), and himself did
homage to the King of ETHIOPIA. He (i.e., DAVID) waged war wheresoever he please
d; no man conquered him, on the contrary, whosoever attacked him was conquered.
The oldest surviving Ge ez manuscript is thought to be the 5th or 6th century Ga
rima Gospels.
The "Kebra Nagast" are ge ez words, a, Ethiopian text written down in the 14th c
entury.

The Kebra Nagast claims that the King of Ethiopia waged war on India. The Ethiop
ians ruled much of India. These Ethiopians were called Naga. Naga/Nagash was the
title King for the ancient Semitic speaking people of modern Ethiopia who liv
ed in Arwe, and ancient kingdom in Punt. In addition, the ability of the Ethiopi
ans as sailors, is supported by the title bahr nagash, "ruler of the maritime pr
ovince" or Eritrea. In Ge ez the term nagas means ruler. Since the Ethiopians
were rulers of India, the common Indian people probably referred to all the Ethi
opians as: Naga.
Though the people located in a state in the North Eastern End of India are "now"
called Nagas. It shares a border with Burma and some of the Naga tribes overlap
into Burmese territory. The state capital is Kohima, and the largest city is Di
mapur. In Burmese languages Naka means people with pierced ears. The British ren
amed the Naka: Naga to "whiteout" Africans from Indian history. These Europeans
knew that the Naga of Sankrit and Dravidian traditions lived in Cantral and Sout
h India not Burma. The original Naga people of Ethiopian and Indian tradition ha
ve nothing to do with the Burmese people of the extreme Northeast of India. Thes
e Naga people are not mentioned in the ancient Indian literature, these mongoloid
people are not Naga/Naka.
The major Naga tribes were the Maravar, Eyinar, Oliyar, Oviyar, Aru-Valur and Pa
rathavar. The Nagas resisted the invansion of the Cholas . In the Kalittokai IV,
1-5, the Naga are described as being "of strong limbs and hardy frames and fierc
e looking tigers wearing long and curled locks of hair." The Naga kings of Sri L
anka are mentioned in the: Mahawanso, and are said to have later become Dravidia
ns, as testified to by the names of these people:
Naganathan,

Nagaratnam,
Nagaraja and etc.
The Naga or Ethiopians were defeated by Dravidian speaking people from Kumarinad
u. Kamarinadu is suppose to have formerly existed as a large Island in the India
ocean which connected India with East Africa. This landmass is mentioned in the
Silappadikaram, which said that Kamarinadu was made up of seven nadus or region
s existed on Kamarinadu.
14th Cen CE Ethiopia waged war on India in the 14th century (The Kebra Nagast/gl
ory of kings). "Nagast" describes the accomplishments of the King.
The real Naga people were originally referred to as Naka in Burmese languages, w
hich to them , means people with pierced ears. The Ethiopian Naga people who ru
led India were associated with serpents and serpent worship. The Naka, and the N
aga are the same Black people of ancient history.

The Nagas are first mentioned in much later ancient Indian texts as early as 4-5
th century

The history of India:


8th Cen Ce Muslim armies from Arabia invade India
1206 CE Qutb ub-din Aybak establishes the Delhi Sultanate
1398 CE Timur conquered India resulting in the decline of the Delhi Sultanate
1500 s CE Christianity was introduced to India by the Europeans and in the early
1500s Sikhism was founded by Nana.
1526 CE Babur established the Mughal Empire
__________________________________________

From the middle of Jerusalem, and from the north thereof to the south-east is th
e portion of the Emperor of Rm; and from the middle of Jerusalem from the north t
hereof to the south and to Western India is the portion of the Emperor of Ethiop
ia. For both of them are of the seed of Shem, the son of Noah, the seed of Abrah
am, the seed of David, the children of Solomon. For God gave the seed of Shem gl
ory because of the blessing of their father Noah. The Emperor of Rm is the son of
Solomon, and the Emperor of Ethiopia is the firstborn and eldest son of Solomon
.
And in the words "ends of the earth" [He maketh allusion] to the delicacy of the
constitution of women, and the long distance of the journey, and the burning he
at of the sun, and the hunger on the way, and the thirst for water. And this Que
en of the South was very beautiful in face, and her stature was superb, and her
understanding and intelligence, which God had given her, were of such high chara
cter that she went to Jerusalem to hear the wisdom of Solomon; now this was done
by the command of God and it was His good pleasure. And moreover, she was excee
dingly rich, for God had given her glory, and riches, and gold, and silver, and

splendid apparel, and camels, and slaves, and trading men (or, merchants). And t
hey carried on her business and trafficked for her by sea and by land, and in In
dia, and in Aswn (Syene).
http://www.sacred-texts.com/afr/kn/kn029.htm
And [the Queen] returned and encamped in the city of Zion, and they remained the
rein three months, then their wagons moved on and came to the city of the Govern
ment. And in one day they came to the city of Sb, and they laid waste Nb; and from t
here they camped round about Sb, and they laid it waste as far as the border of Eg
ypt. And the majesty (or, awe) of the King of Ethiopia was so great that the Kin
g of Mdym and the King of Egypt caused gifts to be brought unto him, and they came
into the city of the Government, and from there they encamped in Abt, and they wag
ed war on the country of India, and the King of India brought a gift and a prese
nt (or, tribute), and himself did homage to the King of Ethiopia. He (i.e. David
) waged war wheresoever he pleased; no man conquered him, on the contrary, whoso
ever attacked him was conquered. And as for those who would have played the spy
in his camp, in order to hear some story and relate it in their city, they were
unable to run by the wagons, for Zion herself made the strength of the enemy to
be exhausted. But King David, with his soldiers, and the armies of his soldiers,
and all those who obeyed his word, ran by the wagons without pain or suffering,
and without hunger or thirst, and without sweat or exhaustion, and travelled in
one day a distance which [usually] took three months to traverse (http://www.sa
cred-texts.com/afr/kn/kn102.htm)
The Naga (Ethiopians) ruled India.