You are on page 1of 4

INSTANTANEOUS / DEFINITE TIME NEUTRAL

UNBALANCE CURRENT RELAY


JC 309-1

JRC 122 & 124

INSTRUCTION MANUAL

JVS ELECTRONICS PVT. LTD.


AN ISO 9001 COMPANY
121, Manchanayakanahalli, Mysore Road,
Bangalore Rural District 562 109,
Tele (080)7282386 / 7282296 / 28361208 / 28360232
Fax (080) 28361335 / 7282386 /
Email: info@vensonelectric.com

INTRODUCTION
Relay type JRC 122/124 are software based, single / two stage, unbalance current relays with built-in time
delay element.
Detailed description and specifications of the relays are given in our publication no. JR309-1
The terminals for external connections are at the rear of the relay. For wiring details, please refer to the
enclosed diagram nos. WD/JRC 122/E/01 and WD/JRC 124/E/01 for single and two stage relays
respectively.

FRONT PLATE
A replica of the front panel of the relay is given in the enclosed drawing nos.
FA/JRC 122/E/01 and FA/JRC 124/E/01 for single and two stage relay respectively
It will be seen that this panel contains all the switches for making current and time setting, LEDs for
various indications and test & reset push buttons. The bottom portion of this panel forms the name plate
in which the following details are given.
i)
Relay type reference and article number
ii)
Relay serial number
iii)
Rated current
iv)
Rated auxiliary supply voltage range
A.
NAME PLATE DETAILS
Please check the name plate details to ensure that these are as per your order and that they match with
your system requirements.
B.
SETTING ADJUSTMENTS
Please refer the name plate details to ensure that these are as per your order and that they match with
your system requirements.
The Setting are made by eight point DIP switches (separately for current and time delay setting), which
are to be operated horizontally. Each point of the switch has two positions and the values corresponding to
both the portions are indicated. In case of current setting, the settings are made percentage of rated
current mentioned on the name plate and is the sum total () of the individual switch positions, In case of
time delay setting, the settings are directly made in seconds and is the sum total () of the individual
switch positions
1. Settings for single stage unbalance current relay, type JRC 122
(Refer drawing no. FA/JRC 124/E/01)
a) Current Setting (Switch position A)
The setting range is from 2.5 to 80% in steps of 2.5%. The minimum setting is 2.5% and the maximum
setting is 80%.
Examples:
a.
To set 2.5% :
2.5+0+0+0+0+*+*+*
=
2.5%
b.
To set 10% :
5+5+0+0+0+*+*+*
=
10%
c.
To set 17.5% :
2.5+5+10+20+0+*+*+* =
17.5%
d.
To set 25% :
5+0+0+20+0+*+*+*
=
25%

b) Time Setting (Switch position C)


The time setting is 0 to 25 seconds in steps of 0.1 second. (Instantaneous time is around 50 milli seconds)
2

Examples:
a) To set for instantaneous operation [0+0+0+0+0+0+0+0.1] sec.
b) To set for 10 seconds
[0+6.4+3.2+0+0+0.4+0+0] sec.
c) To set for 25 seconds
[12.8+6.4+3.2+1.6+0.8+0+0.2+0] sec.
2. Settings for two stage unbalance current relay, type JRC 124
(refer drawing no. FA/JRC 124/E/01)
Setting instruction for current and time are same as 1 a) and b) above but separate switching have been
provided for stage I and stage II. In case of two stage relay current settings DIP switch positions are A
and B and for time delay setting, switch positions are C and D for I and II stage respectively.
C. LED INDICATIONS
1. AUX. SUPPLY
This is a RED LED and the glowing of the LED indicates that the auxiliary supply is healthy and that the
power supply converter of the relay is ON
2. FAULT
This is a RED LED and the glowing of this LED indicates that the relay has started operating, the current
value in the relay being more than its pick-up value.
3. RELAY TRIP
This is a RED LED and the glowing of this LED indicates that the relay has completed its operation and
energised the final output element. This LED is reset by pressing the RESET push button after the relay is
de-energised.
4. OUTPUT RELAY CONTACTS
These are Self Reset type changeover contacts and the contact combination is as indicated in the relay
wiring diagram. The output relay resets as soon as the relay is de-energised and the Self Reset contact
also reset automatically. Only the LEDs will continue to glow till they are reset by pressing RESET push
button.
D. TEST
A Trip Test push button is also provided in the relay to enable testing of trip and alarm circuits.
Unauthorised testing of the trip and alarm circuits is prevented by making this push button accessible only
after the front poly-carbonate cover of the relay is removed. When this push button is pressed, the whole
of the processing circuit is scanned, the output element of the relay is energised and its contacts close to
energise trip and alarm circuits.
NOTE: When the trip test is carried out the final output relay will be energised at the end of the shortest
definite time setting adopted. In other words, if instantaneous feature is used for stage I and definite time
delay is used for stage II, the output relay will be energised instantaneously on trip test.
E. RESET
This push button is provided on the relay to reset the indications on the relay after trips and also for the
relay to accept new values once the settings are changed on the relay. The operation of the push button is
confirmed by the glowing of all the LEDs.

PRE-COMMISSIONING TESTS (Secondary Injection Tests)


The relay may be tested for its working before putting into service. This is done by removing the cover
and withdrawing the chassis from the case. The terminals for connection are the rear. For terminal details,
refer to the wiring diagram nos. WD/JRC 122/E/01 for single stage relay or WD/JRC 124/E/01 for two
stage relay.
The auxiliary supply for the relay may be derived from the station battery or any standard power pack
unit.
Secondary injection tests are carried out for determining the operation of the relays within the declared
error limits.
Test 1 (for single stage unbalance current relay, type JRC 122)
i)
Pick-up value test (Switch position A)
Set the current value at 5% of the rated CT secondary current and set all the switches to 0. Slowly
increase the current through the relay from 0 till the relay fault LED glows steadily. Note that this is
within 5% of actual value.
Repeat the tests for other current settings of 8% and 12%.
ii)
Drop-off value test
Once the relay picks up and operates, slowly decrease the current and note the value. The drop-off is
indicated by switching off of the fault LED. Calculate drop-off to pick ratio and note that drop-off to pickup ratio is more than 85%.
iii)
Operating Time test (Switch position C)
Set all the switches on the time setting at zero and inject current of value 1.3 times the set value and note
that the timings are within 50 milli seconds of actual value.
Now inject current of values 5 times the set value and note that the timings are within 40 milli seconds of
actual value.
Repeat the tests for other current settings of 8%, 12% etc., definite time delay settings of 1 sec. and 10
sec. and check every time that the actual operating value is within 5% of the set value and the operating
time is within 50 and 40 milli seconds of the actual value at 1.3 and 5 times the set current respectively.
NOTE : If accurate time measurement facilities are available, the actual operating times of these relays
can be tested by using a test circuit in which simultaneously with the passing of the test current through
the relay, the external timer is also started, and the output contact of the relay is used to stop the timer.
Test 2 (for two stage unbalance current relay, type JRC 124)
The procedure is similar to single stage relay under Test 1 above. Here stage I operation can be tested
using DIP switch position A for current and C for time setting respectively. And stage II operation can
be tested using DIP switch position B for current and D for time setting respectively.

MAINTENANCE
The relay being fully static and software based without any moving parts does not require any routine
maintenance to ensure proper operation. It is sufficient to conduct calibration tests at intervals of about
12 months. Note down all the set values of the relay before starting the testing.
The procedure for carrying out the tests would be the same as given under Pre-commissioning Tests.
After routine testing, the relay chassis should be put back into the case and the front cover should be
securely fixed. The RESET push button should be pressed once to check that all LEDs are glowing and
also to ensure that the final settings have been entered in the relay.