You are on page 1of 6

# Search

Search

HistoryBiographyGeographyScienceGamesPrivacy

KidsMath
FindingthePerimeter
Skillsneeded:
Multiplication
Subtraction
Polygons
Theperimeteristhelengtharoundtheoutsideofapolygonorthepaththatsurroundsanarea.Thisisdifferent
fromthesurfacearea.Thesurfaceareaishowmuchsurfaceisinsidethepolygonorspace.
Let'sshowthedifferencebetweensurfaceareaandperimeterbylookingatafootballfield.Afootballfieldis100
yardslongandaround50yardswide.Ifyoustayedrightontheborderandwalkedallthewayaroundthe
footballfieldyouwouldwalk300yards(seethepicture).Thisistheperimeter.

heretofindouthowtofigurethesurfacearea.
lengthtwiceandeachwidthtwice.IfwesayL=length,W=width,andP=perimeter,thenwecanhavethe
followingformulafortheperimeterofarectangle:
P=L+L+W+Wor
P=2xL+2xW
Asimilarformulacanbeusedforasquare.BecauseallofthesidesofasquarearethesamewecanuseLforall
foursides.Thismeanswefiguretheperimeterofasquareas:
P=L+L+L+Lor
P=4xL
arejustshortcutswhereyoucanusemultiplicationbecauseyouknowsomeofthesidesarethesamelength.
Examples:
Tofiguretheperimeterofthefollowingtriangleweuse:

P=a+b+c

P=3+4+5
P=12
Figuretheperimeterforthefollowingpolygon:

P=thesumofallthesides
P=3+7+5+4+6+4
P=29
Circlesareaspecialcase.Wecalltheperimeteraroundacirclethecircumference.Thisisaspecialformula:
Gohereformoreonthegeometryofthecircleforkids.
Herearesomeperimeterformulasfordifferentshapesforyourreference:
circle=2r

triangle=a+b+c

a,b,andcarethesides

square=4xL

Listhelengthofaside

rectangle=2xL+2xW

L=lengthandW=width

generalpolygon=L1+L2+L3+.+Ln

L=length,n=numberofsides

MoreGeometrySubjects
Circle
Polygons
Triangles
PythagoreanTheorem
Perimeter

Slope
SurfaceArea
VolumeofaBoxorCube
VolumeandSurfaceAreaofaSphere
VolumeandSurfaceAreaofaCylinder
VolumeandSurfaceAreaofaCone
Anglesglossary
FiguresandShapesglossary

BacktoKidsMath
BacktoKidsStudy

WhichsuperpowerwouldyouwantifyouwereaSuperhero?
SuperStrength
Flying

Vote

SuperSpeed
Invisibility

Morepolls

SuperStretch

Search
Homework
Animals
Math
History
Biography
MoneyandFinance
Biography
Artists
Entrepreneurs
Explorers
InventorsandScientists

USPresidents
Science
Biology
Chemistry
EarthScience
Physics
USHistory
ColonialAmerica
AmericanRevolution
AmericanCivilWar
CivilRightsMovement
NativeAmericans
USGovernment
WestwardExpansion
USStateHistory
Geography
UnitedStates
Africa
Asia
CentralAmerica
Europe
MiddleEast
NorthAmerica
Oceania
SouthAmerica
SoutheastAsia
WorldHistory
AncientAfrica
AncientChina
AncientEgypt
AncientGreece
AncientMesopotamia
AncientRome
MiddleAges
Renaissance
Aztec,Maya,Inca
WorldWar1
WorldWar2
ColdWar
ArtHistory
Other

FamilyVacations
JokesforKids
Movies
Music
Games
AllGames
GeographyGames
WordSearches
Battleship
Checkers
Chess
FastMath
Hangman
MathGame
CrosswordPuzzles
TypingGame
Sports
Baseball