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Glossary of Project Cycle Management Terms

No.

Term

Definition (+source)

Example

1.

Analysis of
Objectives

Identification and verification


of future desired benefits to
which the beneficiaries attach
priority.

2.

Activity
Schedule

A Gantt chart, a graphic


representation similar to a bar
chart, setting out the timing,
sequence and duration of
project activities.

3.

Evaluation
Phase

The sixth and final phase of the


project cycle during which the
project is examined against its
objectives, and lessons are used
to influence future actions.

4.

Financing Phase

The fourth phase of the project


cycle during which projects are
approved for financing, and an
implementation contractor is
selected.

5.

Formulation
Phase

The third phase of the project


cycle during which the details
of the project are elaborated on
the basis of a feasibility study.

The analysis of
objectives is a
methodological
approach employed
to describe the
situation in the
future once
identified problems
have been remedied.
Activity Schedule
can also be used to
identify milestones
for monitoring
progress, and to
assign responsibility
for achievement of
milestones.
The purpose of
evaluations is a
combination of
learning, guidance
and control based on
an assessment of
what has been
achieved by the
project.
At the end of the
seed nancing
phase, the
entrepreneurs make
the decision of
whether to move
forward with a
commitment to
create a business.
The purpose of the
Formulation Phase
is to confirm the
relevance and
feasibility of the
project idea as

Source of
example
http://www.e
vropa.gov.rs/

Romanian
equivalent

http://www.e
vropa.gov.rs/

Program de
activitate

http://www.e
vropa.gov.rs/

Faza de
evaluare

http://www.e
xtension.iasta
te.edu/

Faza de
finanare

http://www.e
vropa.gov.rs/

Faza de
formulare

Analiza
obiectivelor

6.

Identification
Phase

The second phase of the project


cycle. It involves the initial
elaboration of the project idea
in terms of objectives, results
and activities, with a view to
determining whether or not to
go ahead with a feasibility
study.

7.

Implementation
Phase

The fifth phase of the project


cycle during which the project
is implemented, and progress
towards achieving objectives is
monitored.

8.

Logframe

The matrix in which a projects


intervention logic, assumptions,
objectively verifiable indicators
and sources of verification are
presented.

9.

Means

The inputs required in order to


do the work (such as personnel,
equipment and materials).
Monitoring The systematic and
continuous collecting,
analyzing and using of

proposed in the
Identification Fiche
or Project Fiche by a
(pre) feasibility
study.
In the identification
phase, the main
justification for the
project, the
description of
potential target
groups and
assumptions which
are likely to
influence the
project, are more
important elements
than questions of
choice of technology
and ways of
organising the
project.
The implementation
phase of the project
cycle is in many
ways the most
critical, as it is
during this stage that
planned benefits are
delivered.
It is recommended
to use the log frame
as the basis of the
funding application
and then throughout
the project lifecycle
to track progress and
adapt to changing
situations.
Whichever option is
chosen, there is still
a need to think about
what the key
activities are likely
to be, and what are

http://www.e
vropa.gov.rs/

Faza de
identificare

http://www.e
vropa.gov.rs/

Faza de
implementare

http://www.e
vropa.gov.rs/

Cadrul logic

http://www.e
vropa.gov.rs/

Mijloace

information for the purpose of


management control and
decision-making.

necessary means and


expenses needed for
the implementation.

Description of the aim of a


project or programme. In its
generic sense it refers to
activities, results, project
purpose, overall objectives and
goals.
A diagrammatic representation
of the proposed project
interventions planned logically,
following a problem analysis,
showing proposed means,
resources and ends.

The objective is the


starting point of the
marketing plan.

http://www.m
arketingteach
er.com/

Obiectiv

When the problem


has been fully
analyzed, the Design
Team may find it
useful to construct
an Objective Tree
that reframes the
central problem and
its causes as changes
or results to be
achieved.
The initial problem
analysis helps you to
keep your research
focused and in
perspective and to
understand the
logical
relationships in
the flowchart of the
research process.
During this
programming phase,
the situation at
national and sector
level is analysed to
identify problems,
constraints and
opportunities which
cooperation could
address
Project Cycle
Management (PCM)
obliges practitioners
in project design to

http://usaidpr
ojectstarter.or
g/

Arborele
obiectivelor

http://www.r
uforum.org/

Analiza
problemei

http://www.e
vropa.gov.rs/

Faza de
programare

http://www.u
ndp.sk/

Managementul
ciclului de
proiecte

10.

Objective

11.

Objective Tree

12.

Problem
Analysis

A structured investigation of the


negative aspects of a situation
in order to establish causes and
their effects

13.

Programming
Phase

The first phase of the project


cycle during which the
Indicative Programme is
prepared.

14.

Project Cycle
Management

A methodology for the


preparation, implementation
and evaluation of projects and
programmes based on the

integrated approach and the


logical framework approach.

15.

Project Purpose

The central objective of the


project in terms of sustainable
benefits to be delivered to the
project beneficiaries. It reffers
to the benefits which project
beneficiaries derive as a result
of using project services.

16.

Recurrent Costs

Costs which are incurred for


operation and maintenance that
will continue to be incurred
after the implementation period
of the project.

17.

Resource

Schedule the project budget.

18.

Results

The outputs produced by


undertaking a series of
activities. The results are what

focus on the real


needs of the
beneficiaries by
requiring a detailed
assessment of the
existing situation
and by applying the
logical framework
method.
The purpose of this
project was to gain
an understanding in
how applicable
traditional usability
evaluation methods
are in understanding
peoples experiences
of affective systems,
in this case
Entertainment web
sites.
When capital
development is
proceeding apace,
planners and policy
makers tend to
forget that heavy
recurrent costs will
be incurred several
years down the line.
Resource
Management
empowers key
project stakeholders,
such as project
managers, resource
managers, and
staffing managers, to
make optimal use of
their single most
critical asset: their
people.
Thus, results
orientation implies
that the processes of

https://www.s
ics.se/

Scopul
proiectului

http://www.fa
o.org/

Costuri
recurente

http://www.o
racle.com/us

Resurs

http://ppmtoo
lkit.undp.org/

Rezultate

the project will have achieved


by its completion date

19.

Sources of
Verification

The means by which the


indicators or milestones will be
recorded and made available to
project management or those
evaluating project performance.

20.

Stakeholder

Individuals or institutions with


a financial or intellectual
interest in the results of a
project.

21.

Strategy
Analysis

Critical assessment of the


alternative ways of achieving
objectives, and selection of one
or more for inclusion in the
proposed project.

22.

Sustainability

A key requirement for a


successful project.
Sustainability is the ability to
generate results after the
external support has been
discontinued.

23.

SWOT Analysis

Analysis of an organisations
Strengths and Weaknesses, and
the Opportunities and Threats

planning,
implementing and
assessing the
organisations work
are structured
around achieving
these outcomes.
The source of
verification (SOV),
also called means of
verification, should
be considered and
specified at the same
time as the
formulation of
indicators.
We
encourage stakehold
ers to get involved
in the development
of our guidance at
all stages.
The results of the
stakeholder,
problem, objectives
and strategy analysis
are used as the
materials and
preparatory work for
developing the
Logical Framework
Matrix itself.
Accenture is
committed to
helping forwardthinking
organizations
position sustainabili
tyas a key lever to
long-term success
and, ultimately, high
performance.
To carry out
a SWOT
analysis effectively,

http://www.e
vropa.gov.rs/

https://www.
nice.org.uk/

Parte interesat

http://www.e
vropa.gov.rs/

Analiza de
strategie

www.accentu
re.com/

Sustenabilitate

www.shelllivewire.org/

Analiza SWOT

that it faces. A tool used for


project appraisal.

24.

Terms of
Reference

Define the tasks required of the


contractor and indicate project
background and objectives,
planned activities, expected
inputs and outputs, budget,
timetables and job descriptions.

25.

Workplan

The schedule which sets out the


activities and resources
necessary to achieve a projects
results and purpose.

it's a good idea to


get a team together,
drawn from across
the business, for a
brain-storming
session.
Matters which the
Board considers
suitable for
delegation are
contained in the
terms of reference of
its committees.
The U.S. Human
Services Office of
Inspector General
WorkPlan for fiscal
year 2015
summarizes new and
ongoing reviews and
activities during the
current fiscal year
and beyond.

http://www.ul
traelectronics.co
m/

Termenii de
referin

http://oig.hhs
.gov/

Program de
lucru