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You are on page 1of 3

There is no standard set of design steps but the following procedure may be suggested.

Moments should be computed at both the top and bottom of the column. Mntx and

Mnty are the maximum design moments in the x- and y-axis of the member.

Pu = 1:2PD + 1:6PL

Mntx = 1:2MDx + 1:6MLx

Mnty = 1:2MDy + 1:6MLy

Step 2: Initial Member Selection. (Equivalent Axial Load Method)

Beam-column design is a trial and error process in which a trial section is checked

for compliance with the AISC interaction equations (H1-1a) and (H1-1b). Initial

guess of the member is made by using AISC Table 3-2 and the Column Tables.

AISC/LRFD Specification (H1-a) can be rewritten, by multiplying each term by

Pn , as

8Pn

n

Pu + 98P

M

Muy Pn

ux +

M

9 M

b nx

b ny

8Pn

n

Pu + 98P

M

Muy = Pn

ux +

M

9 M

b nx

b ny

n

m = 98P

M

b nx

and

nx

u= M

M

ny

where the values m (bending factor) are found in the AISC Table 3-2 and u are

obtained by guessing from the Column Tables.

(a) Column Effect: Calculate the axial strength = c Pn . It is useful to compute

the slenderness parameter c for both the x- and y -axis for steps (d) and (e):

r

K

Fy

x Lx

cx = r

x r 2E

y

cy = Kry Ly F2E

y

(b) Beam Effect (x-direction): Calculate the bending design strength = b Mnx for

the x-axis. Check both LB and LTB.

(c) Beam Effect (y -direction): Calculate the bending design strength = b Mny for

the y -axis. This analysis is similar to step (b) except that y -axis properties (Sy

and Zy ) are used. Consider only LB in the flange since there will be no LTB in

the y -axis.

(d) Moment Magnification (x-axis direction): Calculate Cmx for the x-axis

moments using:

M

Cmx = 0:6 , 0:4 M1

2 x

(H1-4)

Here, M1 and M2 are the end moments with the condition jM1 j jM2 j and

the sign of the value M1 =M2 is:

M1=M2)x > 0

(M1 =M2 )x 0

(

for single curvature

B1x = 1 , CPmx=P

u

e1x

1

The Euler buckling load, Pe1x , is calculated using the x-axis properties

regardless of which axis is weaker:

g

Pe1x = KEA

L

2

x x

Fy Ag

2cx

(H1-3)

(e) Moment Magnification (y -axis direction): Repeat step (d) for the y -axis using

the formulas:

M

Cmy = 0:6 , 0:4 M1

2 y

B1y = 1 , CPmy=P

u

e1y

1

(H1-4)

(H1-3)

The Euler buckling load, Pe1y , is calculated using the y -axis properties

regardless of which axis is weaker:

2

g

Pe1y = KEA

L

y y

Fy Ag

2cy

(f) Interaction:

If Pu =c Pn 0:2 then

Pu + 8 Mux + Muy = interaction ratio 1

c Pn 9 b Mnx b Mny

If Pu =c Pn

(H1-1a)

Pu + Mux + Muy = interaction ratio 1

2c Pn

b Mnx b Mny

(H1-1a)

(g) Redesign: If the interaction ratio falls in the range between 0.95 and 1.0, then

no redesign may be necessary. Otherwise, it is necessary to check a new

section using the general formula:

New Weight = Old Weight

Load

Capacity

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