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# Engineering 5003 - Ship Structures I

Lab#3
ANSYS Analysis of a Beam
By Claude Daley
2012

INTRODUCTION
A 10.0 m long rectangular beam carries a patch load of 5 N/m (excluding its own weight) as shown
below. Draw the shear force, bending moment diagram and calculate the shear and normal stresses at
mid span and near the support of the beam. What is the maximum deflection of the beam?
E = 200 GPa
I = 5×10-6 m4

Step 1: Solve the problem by hand.
This problem was solved in three different ways in the notes. The Maple results are reproduced below
for reference;
> plot(v,x=0..L,title=`Shear`, color=blue);

> plot(m,x=0..L,title=`Bending Moment`, color=blue);

> plot(th,x=0..L,title=`Beam Slope`, color=blue);

5003 Lab#3: ANSYS Analysis of a Beam

page 1

yy)). Then we will analyze this beam for different stresses in bending.> plot(yy. (6. Max Stress = 62. 1) Open Workbench and save the project as Tutorial 3. 2) Generate 4 points at (0.67x(.0).0.0) for X.0). and Z coordinate respectively for first point and (2.x=0. (6. select Manual Input and enter (0.0). Drag Static structural project icon to project schematic window as shown below: Step 3: CAD modeling 1) Double click Geometry to create CAD model and choose meter for units.0) for the other points.0. > evalf(subs(x=0.0.m)). Y.1/2)/5e-6 = 6. (2. color=blue). In this step. we will first draw the shear force.. under Definition.0) and (10. In the Details View at the lower left.0.title=`Beam Deflection`.m)).evalf(subs(x=L.0. 5003 Lab#3: ANSYS Analysis of a Beam page 2 .0) and (10.evalf(subs(x=L.0.L. bending moment.27e5 Pa Step 2: Analyze the beam using workbench.0. and deflected shape.0) using the point tool .0.

5003 Lab#3: ANSYS Analysis of a Beam page 3 . choose the first two points by holding the Ctrl key and selecting the first two points. For the first line. Then click apply for Point Segments and generate the line.3) Click Concept in the menu bar to draw a line from points. This will create a line body. Repeat for each pair of points to create 3 lines.

5003 Lab#3: ANSYS Analysis of a Beam page 4 .06 for B and 0. click Concept again and choose Rectangle from Cross-Section. To adjust the dimension position. The rectangle named Rect1 is created as shown below. To do this. dimension it to . right click on the window and choose Move Dimensions.1 for H in Details View.4) Draw the cross-section.

5) Now we have to assign the cross-section to this line body. To bring the cross section in desired orientation. beside Cross Section”and choose rectangle (Rect1) that was just created from the. 5003 Lab#3: ANSYS Analysis of a Beam page 5 . Click on and leave the cross section alignment default. Select the line body from the Tree and right click mouse. In Details View . use 90 for rotation and choose yes for orientation as shown below. 6) Align the cross section with the line body. Click on line body.

use the default element size and generate by right clicking on the mesh icon and select Generate Mesh. 3) Load the 2nd beam using line pressure of 5 N/mm. Click on left end of the beam and apply button for geometry. We need to mesh the beam and apply loads and support. For mesh. 2) To apply the fixed support. On the other end you need to apply a guided support. right click on the static structural and go to insert and choose Fixed Support.Step 4: Open Model and create Finite Element model 1) Double click on the model in ANSYS window and it will open the Mechanical window. Right click on the static structural and choose line pressure. 5003 Lab#3: ANSYS Analysis of a Beam page 6 . This can be done with a support called Remote Displacement.

To do this. 5003 Lab#3: ANSYS Analysis of a Beam page 7 . choose defined by Components and write -5 for Y Component (downward load). right click on the Solution. and select Insert > Beam Results > Bending Moment and Insert > Beam Results > Shear Force. Also select Insert > Deformation > Total.4) Choose the 2nd line for geometry and apply. From definition. 5) Plot the Moment Shear and Deflection of the beam.

tool. The undeformed beam is shown in light grey. The two end moments can be found by using the Maple solution. The moments are identical to the The Shear force results are also just as expected : 5003 Lab#3: ANSYS Analysis of a Beam page 8 .The bending moment results are shown below. by using the Show Undeformed Model option of the contour display button.

The deflection is too: 5003 Lab#3: ANSYS Analysis of a Beam page 9 .

1)by selecting the Directional-shear-moment diagram we see the results. Select the beam (all 3 lines) for path. The reason to choose VZ-MY-UZ is that the ANSYS Z-axis is same as the DesignModeler Y-axis as shown below.6) Next we want to draw the shear force and moment diagrams. This will add the Total Shear Moment Diagram below the solution information. 7) Change the Total Shear-Moment Diagram to Direction Shear moment diagram (VZ-MY-UZ). This will also give us negative and positive moments (vs just magnitude) Step 5: Solve the problem. right click on the Solution in the Tree menu and choose insert -> beam results -> shear moment diagram. For this. 5003 Lab#3: ANSYS Analysis of a Beam page 10 . we need to define the path for these diagrams.

Horray!! 5003 Lab#3: ANSYS Analysis of a Beam page 11 . Using the Beam Tool.. The max bending stress is 6.2669e5 pa. exactly equal to our estimate. we can plot the bending stresses.These are just like the Maple results.

Step 1: CAD modelling 1) Choose XY Plane and sketch a rectangle of . We need to see the bending and shear stress through the cross section at the end of the beam.06 m wide and . Select the top of the beam and hit Apply.Analyze the beam for stresses Now we will analyze the same beam using a 3D solid model. Now sketch a rectangle over the beam. We will model the beam in three parts as before. 5003 Lab#3: ANSYS Analysis of a Beam page 12 . 2) Now we need to tell Ansys to create a face where the load can be applied. Add dimensions for the distance from the end of the beam to the rectangle (2m) and for the length of the rectangle (4m). Click on icon for new plane and chose “From Face”. Let us see how we can do this.01 m high. Extrude the shape 10m to get the basic solid bar.

We need to mesh the beam and apply loads and support.3) Extrude the rectangle through the beam with the option Imprint Faces. 2) The Mechanical window shows one solid. Step 2) Open Model and Create the Finite Element model 1) Return to the ANSYS Window. Under mesh. 5003 Lab#3: ANSYS Analysis of a Beam page 13 . and click Model. insert a body sizing option and set the mesh size to 0. By Doing this we have created a separate surface on which to apply the load.015m.

and all others to 0. right click on the static structural and go to insert and choose Fixed Support for one end face. Click on other end face of the beam and apply a Remote Displacement. Set the Y component to Free.The mesh should look like: 3) To apply support. 5003 Lab#3: ANSYS Analysis of a Beam page 14 .

06 = 83. Click apply for geometry and write 83. Select pressure from the static structural and choose top middle face of the beam. 5003 Lab#3: ANSYS Analysis of a Beam page 15 . width of beam = .06 m.3 Pa). Hit solve to get results. 5) Output To get the deflection.3 for magnitude (w = 5 N/m.4) Load the beam. right-click on Solution and select Deformation: Total Deformation. so pressure = 5/0.

0006m The same as the Maple and beam element models. OK 5003 Lab#3: ANSYS Analysis of a Beam page 16 .We see the deformation pattern we would expect and we see that the total deformation is .

27e5 Pa. (3% low).1e5 Pa. The peak stresses at the very end of the beam are 8. Overall the deflection and bending stresses agree very well.b) The normal stress (in the Z direction – which is along the beam) should be similar to the estimated bending stress of 6. 5003 Lab#3: ANSYS Analysis of a Beam page 17 .5e5 (35% high) but just slightly in from the end the normal stress is 6. This illustrates the “false” stress concentration around the fixed support that we saw in the first lab. as one would hope.

300 mm 50 mm 50 mm 2. Comment on the results and identify potential concerns.Self Study Exercise: Student:____________________ Exercise 3: Work in groups of 2 or alone (but have each student hand in this page). bending stress (MPa) Max. shear stress (MPa) Comments P = ? MPa Beam model 5003 Lab#3: ANSYS Analysis of a Beam 200 mm Solid model page 18 . Make 2 models of the fixed-pinned T-section steel frame shown below (with beam and solid elements).0 m Items Mid-span deflection Max. Find the pressure that needs to be applied on a 200mm x 200mm central load patch to cause yielding.