Learning Area : The Air Around Us Learning Objective : Understanding that oxygen is needed for combustion Element 1 : Construct: C1, C4, C 6, C8, C10, C11 Instructions: 1. Carry out activity and record observation with results. 2. Write a task report Activity Report Format:

1. Title : Oxygen and Combustion 2. Aim : To study the effect of size of container on the length of time a candle burns 3. Variables: C10 4. Hypothesis: State relationship between the size of container and the length of
time candle burns C11

5. Apparatus/ Material :
6. Procedure :

7. Observation and results:C1 & C 6 – communication (diagrams of activity) 8. Discussion and analysis (C 8) – answer the questions given.
• a) In which container does the candle burn for the (i) (ii) • longest time?................................. shortest time? …………………….

b) Give a reason for your observation. c) What gas is needed for combustion? d) Arrange in correct sequence the length of time candle burns in descending order .

• •

e) Based on the experiment, what is your inference-?

9. Conclusion–
Activity Report Checklist: No 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Content Title Aim Apparatus Procedure Observation & Results Discussion & analysis Yes



Student Sample: [Teacher Manual] The size of a container affects the length of time a candle burns
1.0 Aim: To investigate the size of the container affects the length of time a candle burns. 2.0 Variables: a) Kept constant variable : The size of candle. b) Manipulated variable : The size of container. c) Responding variable √ √

10a,b/ 11a

: The length of time taken for a candle burns



3.0 Hypothesis : The bigger the size of beaker the longer the time taken for a candle to burn. C11:3 √ rv 4.0 1. Similarity: combustion Diagram: 2. Difference: size of beaker/ Beaker A Volume of air Beaker B Beaker C

1a,b,c 6a,c,d

Candle P

Candle Q

Candle R

Characteristic : size of the beaker ( Refer to the diagram) Procedure: 1. Candles P,Q dan R were fixed on the table using plasticine. 10c 2. The three candles were lighted 3. Each beaker was inverted over a burning candle of the same type and size at the same time. 4. The length of time of each candle burns were observed and recorded.

5.0 Observation: Beaker C Candle burns for a short while 6.0 Analysis:

C6, 1e,f, 8a
Beaker B Candle burns for a long period


Beaker A Candle burns for a longer period √


a) The candle burns for the: (i) longest time in beaker A (ii) shortest time in beaker C


8d b) The largest beaker has the most amount of air c) Air contains oxygen. Oxygen is needed for combustion Sequence of length of time candle burns in descending order: 8b d) Candle P candle Q candle R e) Time taken for candle to burn is affected by the size of beaker √ C8:3 8c,4b
Conclusion : The bigger the size of the container the longer the time taken for a candle to burn/ A large container allows a candle to burn longer in it than a small container

C4:2 C4 incomplete Because there’s no 4c

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