# PEKA SCIENCE FORM 2

SCIENCE FORM 2 SET 5 STUDENT MANUAL LEARNING AREA: 5.0 Water and Solution LEARNING OBJECTIVE: 5.4 Solution and solubility AIM: To determine the factors affecting the rate of dissolving solute ASSIGNMENT SAMPLE: Task Report CONSTRUCT: Element 1 and Element 3 PERFORMANCE INDICATOR (EI): C1, C3, C5, C6, C8, C9, C10, C11 (E3): C17 INSTRUCTIONS: 1. Conduct activity. 2. Make observation, collect, analysis and interpret data. 3. Write a task report. TASK REPORT FORMAT: 1. 2. 3. Title: 5.4 Solution and solubility. AIM: To study the relationship between volume of water and the rate of dissolving salt in water. Variables: C10: (i) Manipulated:…………….. (ii) Responding:……………… (iii) Fixed/Constant:…………..

4. Apparatus/Materials. 5. Procedure (in passive form) 6. Observation. • C6 – Communicating. (record readings in table of results Table 6.1). Based on the data collected, also draw a line graph to show the effect of different volumes of water on the time taken to dissolve salt. • C3– Measuring and using numbers. (table showing correct measurement and units.) • C1– Observation: Answer the following questions. 1. From your observation, can salt grains still be seen after all salt is completely dissolved in water? 2. Which volume of water dissolves the salt: (i) first (ii) last

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PEKA SCIENCE FORM 2

7. Discussion and analysis: Answer the questions given. • C8 Based on the experimental data. 1. Which volume of water dissolves the salt : (i) the fastest (ii) the slowest (iii) Give reason for each answer. 2. Salt dissolves in water. What is the solute and solvent. Complete the word equation to represent the formation of salt solution.

+
SOLUTE SOLVENT

SALT SOLUTION

C11: 3. State the relationship between the volume of water and the time taken to dissolve salt in water. • C9: 4. Based on Table 6.1, define operationally the “rate of dissolving salt” 5. Based on table of results, what will happen to the time taken to dissolve salt when more than 200 ml of water is used? C5: 6. Based on the graph, predict the time taken to dissolve salt if 150 ml of water is used.

8.

Conclusion: • 1. What can be said about the time taken to dissolve salt and the volume of water.

Task Report Checklist: No. Content 1 Title 2 Aim 3 Variables 4 Apparatus/ materials 5 Procedure 6 Observation 7 Discussion/ analysis 8 Conclusion

Yes

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PEKA SCIENCE FORM 2

SCIENCE FORM 2 SET 5
SAMPLE TASK REPORT [Teacher Manual] 1.0 LEARNING OBJECTIVE : 5.4 SOLUTION AND SOLUBILITY 2.0 AIM : To study the effect of different volumes of water on the rate of dissolving salt. 3.0 VARIABLES : a) Manipulated : Volume of water √ b) Responding : Time taken to dissolve the salt c) Fixed/Constant : Mass of salt/ temperature of water/ rate of stirring/ type of salt 10 a,b

C10:3

4.0 APPARATUS/MATERIALS : Beam balance, stopwatch, 3 beakers (250 ml), fine salt, glass rod, measuring cylinder.

10c

5.0 PROCEDURE : 1) Beaker A is filled with 50 ml of water, beaker B is filled with 100 ml of water and beaker C is filled with 200 ml of water. 3d 2) Water is at room temperature. 3) 10 g of salt is weighed with a beam balance and added to each beaker. 4) The solution in each beaker is stirred at the same rate until all the salt dissolved completely. 5) Time taken for salt to dissolve is recorded for each beaker.

BEAKER A BEAKER B

Fine salt

Distilled water (50 cm3)

Fine salt

Distilled water (100 cm3)

BEAKER C

Fine salt

Distilled water (200 cm3)

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PEKA SCIENCE FORM 2

6.0 OBSERVATION : Table of results: Mass of salt = 10 gram3a,b,c,e,f Volume of water (ml) 50 100 150 200

C3:3

Beaker A B C

Time taken to dissolve salt (second) 120 60 P 45

C10:3

1 d,f / 8a,b
6.1
The salt grains cannot be seen anymore when all the salt is completely dissolved. [similarity] 1a,d,e

6.2 (i) 200 ml of water in Beaker C dissolves salt first (ii) 50 ml of water in Beaker A dissolves salt last.

1f
√ C1:3

Graph√ C6:3

C6: can be table or graph

140

120

100 Time raken to dissolve salt (s)

80

60

40

20

0 0 50 100 150 200 250 Volume of water (ml)

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PEKA SCIENCE FORM 2

7.0 DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS:

8c

C8:3 8d

7.1 (i) 200 ml of water in Beaker C dissolves salt the fastest because it has the largest volume of water (ii) 50 ml of water in Beaker A dissolves salt the slowest because it It has the lowest volume of water. 7.2 Salt dissolves in water to form salt solution. In word equation:

SALT
SOLUTE

+
mv

WATER
SOLVENT

SALT SOLUTION

rv

8c

C11:3

7.3 The larger the volume of water, the less time taken to dissolve salt / As the volume of water increases, the time taken to dissolve salt decreases

9b
7.4 (i) Rate of dissolving salt is the time taken to dissolve (10 g) salt completely in water at a given temperature 9a (ii) Varies with / depends on volume of water √ (iii) reading of stop watch 9b

C9:3

7.5 If more than 200 ml of water is used, the time taken to dissolve salt
will be less than 45 seconds/ will decrease/ shorter

4c C5:3

7.6 Based on the graph, the time taken to dissolve salt in 150 ml of water is 50 seconds 5 d,c √

8.0 CONCLUSION :

8c

8.1 Time taken to dissolve salt depends on the volume of water / Time taken to dissolve salt is affected by the volume of water

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