You are on page 1of 3

Definition of Terms

Carbon
Carbon is an abundant nonmetallic element that occurs in many inorganic and in all
organic compounds, exists freely in amorphous, graphite, and diamond forms and as a
constituent of coal, limestone, and petroleum, and is capable of chemical self-bonding to form an
enormous number of chemically, biologically, and commercially important molecules. Other
significant allotropes include fullerenes and nanotubes.
Carbon is unique in its chemical properties because it forms a number of components
superior than the total addition of all the other elements in combination with each other.
In this study, carbon will be used to coat the extracted chitin.
Chitin
Chitin is the second most abundant biopolymer in nature, where it protects crustaceans,
parasites, fungi, and other pathogens from the adverse effects of their environments, hosts, or
both. It is a glucose-based unbranched polysaccharide widely distributed in nature as the
principal component of exoskeletons of crustaceans and insects as well as of cell walls of some
bacteria and fungi.
In this study, chitin will be used as an independent variable. This will be coated with
carbon and will be used as a chelating agent to remediate mercury contaminated water.
Chelate

is a naturally-occurring metal that is toxic to living organisms. mercury is used as the dependent variable. In other words. A chelating agent is a substance whose molecules can form several bonds to a single metal ion. In our study. Metallic or elemental mercury — an odorless. silver-white liquid — is commonly used in thermometers. Mercury Mercury. The chelating agent in this study is the carbon coated chitin extract. . It is the heavy metal that is to be remediated by the chitin extract. Metallic mercury is extremely dangerous with a few drops generating enough fumes to contaminate the air in a room. also known as quicksilver. a chelating agent is a multidentate ligand. barometers and fluorescent light bulbs. shiny.A chelate is a chemical compound composed of a metal ion and a chelating agent.

html Scifun (n.M.d).References Sahelian. Mercury. R. Retrieved from http://www.chem.edu/chemweek/chelates/chelates.htm Biology-Online (n.lenntech. Retrieved from http://www. Chitin health benefit.gov/health/topics/agents/mercury/index.raysahelian. Retrieved from http://www. Carbon (C) .com/chitin.html Niehs (n.com/periodic/elements/c.D.biology-online.(2015).wisc.org/dictionary/Carbon .d). Chelates and Chelating Agents. Health and Environmental effects.nih.). Retrieved from Retrieved from http://www.Chemical properties.d).cfm Lenntech (n. Carbon.niehs. http://scifun.d.