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ESTUDIE Y APRENDA

241 VERBOS IRREGULARES
DEL IDIOMA INGLES.
(Infinitivo, pretérito, participio, significado y fonética)
MAIN IRREGULAR VERBS
PRIMER GRUPO: Lo comprenden aquellos verbos que se conjugan invariables, o sea, utilizando
la misma forma verbal tanto para el infinitivo como para el pretérito y participio pasado.
INFINITIVO
Beset
Bespread
Bet
Bid
Burst
Cast
Cost
Cut
Forecast
Hit
Hurt
Knit
Let
Outbid
Overbid
Put
Quit
Read
Rid
Set
Shed
Shred
Shut
Slit
Split
Spread
Swear
Thrust
Underbid
Wet

PRETERITO
beset
bespread
bet
bid, bade
burst
cast
cost
cut
forecast
hit
hurt
knit
let
outbid
overbid
put
quit
read
rid
set
shed
shred
shut
slit
split
spread
swore
thrust
underbid
wet

PARTICIPIO
beset
bespread
bet
bid, bidden
burst
cast
cost
cut
forecast
hit
hurt
knit
let
outbid
overbid
put
quit
read
rid
set
shed
shred
shut
slit
split
spread
sworn
thrust
underbid
wet

SIGNIFICADO
acosar, perseguir
cubrir
apostar
ofrecer, mandar
reventar
tirar, lanzar, echar
costar
cortar
pronosticar
pegar, golpear
lastimar, lesionar
tejer
permitir, dejar
mejorar, pujar
ofrecer demasiado
poner
cesar
leer
quitarse, deshacer
fijar, instalar
desprender, quitarse
desmenuzar
cerrar
rajar, cortar
partir, dividir
expandir, extender
jurar
empujar, introducir
ofrecer menos que
mojar, humedecer

FONETICA
Biset
Bispred
Bet
Bid
Borst
Cast
Cost
Cot
Forcast
Jit
Jort
Nit
Let
Autbid
Overbid
Put
Cuit
Rid
Rid
Set
Shed
Shred
Shot
Slit
Split
Spred
Suear
Zrost
Onderbid
Uet

SEGUNDO GRUPO: Lo comprenden aquellos verbos cuyos pretéritos y participio se escriben y
pronuncian igual, pero de diferente manera que el infinitivo.
En este grupo pueden efectuarse diferentes clasificaciones, de acuerdo a las diferencias gráficofonéticas que presenta cada verbo. Agrupamos estos verbos de la siguiente manera:
A) Verbos que añaden “T” al infinitivo para formar el pretérito y el participio.
En este grupo se incluyen aquellos verbos que sustituyen “D” por “T” al formar el pasado y los
terminados en “LL”, los cuales lo forman con “LT”. En ambos casos toman “T”por razones
fonéticas.

INFINITIVO Bend Blend Build Burn Cleave Creep Deal Dip Dream Dwell Gild Gird Grip Lean Leap Learn Lend Lose Mean Mix Pen Rend Send Smell Spell Spend Spill Unbend PRETERITO bent blent built burnt cleft crept dealt dipt dreamt dwelt gilt girt gript leant leapt learnt lent lost meant mixt pent rent sent smelt spelt spent spilt unbent PARTICIPIO bent blent built burnt cleft crept dealt dipt dreamt dwelt gilt girt gript leant leapt learnt lent lost meant mixt pent rent sent smelt spelt spent spilt unbent SIGNIFICADO doblar mezclar construir quemar partir gatear. como los siguientes: Betide Bleed Breed Feed Flee Hear Lead Mislead Overhear Pleade Slide Speed betid bled bred fed fled heard led misled overheard pled slid sped betid bled bred fed fled heard led misled overheard pled slid sped acontecer sangrar criar alimentar huir oir dirigir. distribuir sumergir sonar habitar. guiar desorientar. resbalar acelerar. Lay Pay laid paid laid paid colocar pagar Lei Pei . hender enviar oler deletrear gastar derramar aflojar. arrastrarse negociar. ir rápido Bitaid Blid Brid Fid Fli Jior Lid Mislid Overjior Pleid Slaid Spid Finalmente. incluiremos en este grupo unos pocos verbos terminados en “y” que la sustituyen por “ID” al formar el pretérito y participio. inducir entregar suplicar deslizar. enderezar FONETICA Bend Blend Bild Born Cliv Crip Dil Dip Drim Duel Guild Gord Graip Lin Lip Lern Lend Lus Min Mics Pen Rend Send Smell Spel Spend Spil Onbend Pueden seguir en este grupo algunos verbos que como excepción y además de modificar su vocal fónica. forman el pretérito y participio terminado en “D” en lugar de “T”. morar dorar ceñir agarrar inclinar saltar aprender prestar perder (objetos) significar mezclar acorralar desgarrar.

haber sostener. pegar vestir cavar hallar. arrojar obtener. asir iluminar. INFINITIVO Bereave Beweep Bless Curse Dare Feel Keep Kneel Leave Meet Sleep Sweep Weep PRETERITO bereft bewept blest curst durst felt kept knelt left met slept swept wept PARTICIPIO bereft bewept blest curst durst felt kept knelt left met slept swept wept SIGNIFICADO despojar llorar bendecir maldecir osar. atreverse sentir guardar arrodillarse salir. abandonar encontrar dormir barrer llorar FONETICA Biriv Biuip Bles Cors Deor Fil Kip Nil Liv Mit Slip Suip Uip B) Verbos que sólo modifican su vocal fónica para formar el pretérito y el participio pasado. residir despertar mirar. Abide Awake Behold Bind Blow Cling Clothe Dig Find Fling Get Grind Hang Have Hold Light Outshine Shine Shoe Shoot Sit Sling Slink Spin Spit Stick Sting Strike String Swing Unbind Uphold Win abode awoke beheld bound blew clung clad dug found flung got ground hung had held lit outshone shone shod shot sat slung slunk spun spat stuck stung struck strung swung unbound uphelp won abode awoke beheld bound blew clung clad dug found flung got ground hung had held lit outshone shone shod shot sat slung slunk spun spat stuck stung struck strung swung unbound uphelp won habitar. encontrar tirar.Say said said decir Sei Dentro de este mismo grupo pueden incluirse algunos verbos que añaden “t” para el pretérito y el participio pasado. pero que además modifican su vocal fónica. pinchar golpear ensartar mecer desatar. vencer Abaid Aueik Bijould Baind Blou Cling Cloud Dig Faind Fling Guet Graind Jong Jav Jould Lait Autshain Shain Shu Shut Sit Sling Slink Spin Spit Stik Sting Straik string Suing Onbaind Opjould Uin . adquirir moler colgar tener. encender resplandecer brillar calzar disparar sentarse lanzar escabullirse. contemplar atar soplar adherir. desligar sostener ganar. adherir picar. escapar hilar escupir pegar.

Arise Befall Bestride Betake Bite Chide Draw Eat Forbid Foresew Forgive arose befell bestrode betook bit chid drew ate forbade foresaw forgave arisen befallen bestriden betaken bitten chidden drawn eaten forbidden foreseen forgiven levantarse. A) Verbos que forman el pretérito con la terminación “ED” y el participio pasado añadiendo la terminación “N” al infinitivo. ovillar exprimir Uaind Ring C) Verbos que forman el pretérito y participio pasado con la terminación “OUGHT” y como excepción los que lo forman con “AUGHT”. rogar recapacitar traer comprar coger. chapear rajar aserrar coser afeitar mostrar sembrar esparcir torcer FONETICA Greiv Grou Jiu Nou Leid Mau Raiv So Siu Sheiv Shou Sou Stru Raid B) Verbos que forman el pretérito cambiando la vocal fónica y el participio pasado añadiendo la terminación “N” o “EN” al infinitivo. tajar saber cargar segar. acudir morder increpar. INFINITIVO Beseech Bethink Bring Buy Catch Fight Seek Teach Think Work PRETERITO besought bethought brought bought caught fought sought taught thought wrought PARTICIPIO besought bethought brought bought caught fought sought taught thought wrought SIGNIFICADO suplicar. regañar dibujar comer prohibir prever perdonar Arais bifol Bistraid Biteik Bait Chaid Dro It Forbid Forsiu Forgiv . elevarse suceder montar.Wind Wring wound wrung wound wrung enrollar. INFINITIVO Grave Grow Hew Know Lade Mow Rive Saw Sew Shave Show Sow Strew writhe PRETERITO graved grew hewed knew laded mowed rived sawed sewed shaved showed sowed strewed writhed PARTICIPIO graven grown hewn known laden mown riven sawn sewn shaven shown sown strewn writhen SIGNIFICADO grabar crecer picar. cruzar recurrir. “EN” y “NE”. Como regla general todos forman su pretérito cambiando la vocal fónica y el participio pasado con las terminaciones “N”. atrapar pelear buscar enseñar pensar trabajar FONETICA Bisich Bizink Bring Bai cach Fait Sik Tich Zink Work TERCER GRUPO: Este es el grupo fuerte de la familia de los llamados verbos irregulares. hachear.

dudar equivocar exagerar excitar. arrojar emprender retirar escribir Forseik Guiv Jait Misgiv Misteik Overdro Overdraiv Overraid Overteik Overzrou Perteik Rais Si Sid Sheik Slei Smait straid Straiv Teik Zraiv Zrou Onderteik Uizdro Rait C) Verbos que forman el pretérito cambiando la vocal fónica y el participio pasado añadiendo la terminación “N” o “EN” al pretérito. vencer participar levantarse. manejar caer olvidar helar. subir ver hervir sacudir matar herir cruzar esforzarse coger. acostarse cizallar jurar bear forsuear lai shiar suear . apresurarse dominar. congelar alzar. levantar. llevar prosperar tirar. supeditar alcanzar volcar. Bear Forswear Lie Shear Swear bore forswore lay shore swore born forsworn lain shorn sworn producir negar. adjurar yacer. Beat Beget Bespeak Break Browbeat Choose Drive Fall Forget Freeze Heave Shape Speak Steal Wake Weave beat begot bespoke broke browbeat chose drove fell forgot froze hove shape spoke stole woke wove beaten begotten bespoken broken browbeatten chosen driven fallen forgotten frozen hoven shapen spoken stolen woken woven golpear engendrar encomendar romper imponer escoger conducir.Forsake Give Hide Misgive Mistake Overdraw Overdrive Override Overtake Overthrow Partake Rise See Seethe Shake Slay Smite stride Strive Take Thrive Throw Undertake Withdraw Write forsook gave hid misgave mistook overdrew overdrove overrode overtook overthrew partook rose saw sod shook slew smote strode strove took throve threw undertook withdrew wrote forsaken given hidden misgiven mistaken overdrawn overdriven overridden overtaken overthrown partaken risen seen sodden shaken slain smitten stridden striven taken thriven thrown undertaken withdrawn written abandonar dar esconder temer. Como excepción el verbo Lie que sustituye la “Y” por “IN”. izar formar hablar robar despertar tejer bit biguet bispick breik braubit chus draiv fol forguet friz jiv sheip spik stil ueik uiv Incluimos aquí estos verbos que forman el pretérito cambiando su vocal fónica y forman el participio sustituyendo la terminación “E” del pretérito por “N”.

exceder aventajar. emitir broadcast Crow crew crewed cacarear crou Fly flew flown volar flay Make made made hacer. adelantar hacer menos sufrir (cambio) deshacer du forgou gou autdu autgou onderdu ondergou undu Incluimos como excepción estos verbos que forman el participio añadiendo la terminación “NE” al pretérito en vez del infinitivo. que no siguen una regla determinada. repicar correr encogerse cantar hundir saltar apestar nadar biguin drink ring ron shrink sing sink spring stink suin G) Verbos absolutamente irregulares. sostener bear Forbear forbore forborne abstenerse. aguantar forbear E) Verbos que únicamente cambian su vocal fónica para formar el pretérito. Be was been ser o estar bi Broadcast broadcasted broadcasted difundir. Become became become convertirse bicon Come came come venir con Overcome overcame overcome vencer. Do Forego Go Outdo Outgo Underdo Undergo Undo did forewent went outdid outwent underdid underwent undid done foregone gone outdone outgone underdone undergone undone hacer ceder.Tear Wear tore wore torn worn rajar. hinchar suel Tell told told narrar. fabricar meik Pass passed past pasar pass Sell sold sold vender sel Stand stood stood pararse stand Stave stove stove desfondar steiv Swell swelled swellen inflar. siendo el participio igual al infinitivo. Estos verbos cambian su vocal fónica por A para formar el pretérito y por U para formar el participio. contar tel Tread trod trodden pisar tred . renunciar ir exagerar. añadiendo la terminación “NE” al infinitivo. Bear bore borne soportar. Begin Drink Ring Run Shrink Sing Sink Spring Stink Swin began drank rang ran shrank sang sank sprang stank swan begun drunk rung run shrunk sung sunk sprung stunk swun comenzar beber sonar. triunfar overcon F) Verbos con los tres tiempos completamente distintos. despedazar usar (ropa) tear uear D) Verbos que forman el pretérito cambiando su vocal fónica y el participio.

Understand understood understood entender onderstand .

MAIN IRREGULAR VERBS INFINITIVO Abide Arise Awake Be Bear Bear Beat Become Befall Beget Begin Behold Bend Bereave Beseech Beset Bespeak Bespread Bestride Bet Betake Bethink Betide Beweep Bid Bind Bite Bleed Blend Bless Blow Break Breed Bring Broadcast Browbeat Build Burn Burst Buy Cast Catch Cleave Cling Clothe Come Cost Creep Crow Curse Cut Chide Choose PRETERITO abode arose awoke was bore bore beat became befell begot began beheld bent bereft besought beset bespoke bespread bestrode bet betook bethought betid bewept bid. emitir imponer construir quemar reventar comprar tirar. pegar vestir venir costar gatear. contemplar doblar despojar suplicar. perseguir encomendar cubrir montar. rogar acosar. acudir recapacitar acontecer llorar ofrecer. cruzar apostar recurrir. echar coger. sostener golpear convertirse suceder engendrar comenzar mirar. lanzar. bidden bound bitten bled blent blest blew broken bred brought broadcasted browbeatten built burnt burst bought cast caught cleft clung clad come cost crept crewed curst cut chidden chosen SIGNIFICADO habitar. arrastrarse cacarear maldecir cortar increpar. regañar escoger FONETICA abaid arais aueik bi bear bear bit bicon bifol biguet biguin bijould bend biriv bisich biset bispick bispred bistraid bet biteik bizink bitaid biuip bid baind bait blid blend bles blou breik brid bring broadcast braubit bild born borst bai cast cach cliv cling cloud con cost crip crou cors cot chaid chus . residir levantarse. bade bound bit bled blent blest blew broke bred brought broadcasted browbeat built burnt burst bought cast caught cleft clung clad came cost crept crew curst cut chid chose PARTICIPIO abode arisen awoke been born borne beaten become befallen begotten begun beheld bent bereft besought beset bespoken bespread bestriden bet betaken bethought betid bewept bid. elevarse despertar ser o estar producir soportar. mandar atar morder sangrar mezclar bendecir soplar romper criar traer difundir. atrapar partir adherir.

adquirir dorar ceñir dar ir grabar moler agarrar crecer colgar tener. haber oir alzar. morar comer caer alimentar sentir pelear hallar. distribuir cavar sumergir hacer dibujar sonar beber conducir. encontrar huir tirar. renunciar prever olvidar perdonar abandonar negar. asir lastimar. hachear. guiar inclinar saltar deor dil dig dip du dro drim drink draiv duel it fol fid fil fait faind fli fling flay forbear forbid forcast forgou forsiu forguet forgiv forseik forsuear friz guet guild gord guiv gou greiv graind graip grou jong jav jior jiv jiu jait jit jould jort kip nil nit nou leid lei lid lin lip . congelar obtener. manejar habitar. aguantar prohibir pronosticar ceder. tajar esconder pegar.Dare Deal Dig Dip Do Draw Dream Drink Drive Dwell Eat Fall Feed Feel Fight Find Flee Fling Fly Forbear Forbid Forecast Forego Foresew Forget Forgive Forsake Forswear Freeze Get Gild Gird Give Go Grave Grind Grip Grow Hang Have Hear Heave Hew Hide Hit Hold Hurt Keep Kneel Knit Know Lade Lay Lead Lean Leap durst dealt dug dipt did drew dreamt drank drove dwelt ate fell fed felt fought found fled flung flew forbore forbade forecast forewent foresaw forgot forgave forsook forswore froze got gilt girt gave went graved ground gript grew hung had heard hove hewed hid hit held hurt kept knelt knit knew laded laid led leant leapt durst dealt dug dipt done drawn dreamt drunk driven dwelt eaten fallen fed felt fought found fled flung flown forborne forbidden forecast foregone foreseen forgotten forgiven forsaken forsworn frozen got gilt girt given gone graven ground gript grown hung had heard hoven hewn hidden hit held hurt kept knelt knit known laden laid led leant leapt osar. lesionar guardar arrodillarse tejer saber cargar colocar dirigir. atreverse negociar. levantar. izar picar. adjurar helar. golpear sostener. arrojar volar abstenerse.

abandonar prestar permitir.Learn Leave Lend Let Lie Light Lose Make Mean Meet Misgive Mislead Mistake Mix Mow Outbid Outdo Outgo Outshine Overbid Overcome Overdraw Overdrive Overhear Override Overtake Overthrow Partake Pass Pay Pen Pleade Put Quit Read Rend Rid Ride Ring Rise Rive Run Saw Say See Seek Seethe Sell Send Set Sew Shake Shape Shave Shear Shed learnt left lent let lay lit lost made meant met misgave misled mistook mixt mowed outbid outdid outwent outshone overbid overcame overdrew overdrove overheard overrode overtook overthrew partook passed paid pent pled put quit read rent rid rode rang rose rived ran sawed said saw sought sod sold sent set sewed shook shape shaved shore shed learnt left lent let lain lit lost made meant met misgiven misled mistaken mixt mown outbid outdone outgone outshone overbid overcome overdrawn overdriven overheard overridden overtaken overthrown partaken past paid pent pled put quit read rent rid ridden rung risen riven run sawn said seen sought sodden sold sent set sewn shaken shapen shaven shorn shed aprender salir. fabricar significar encontrar temer. encender perder (objetos) hacer. chapear mejorar. vencer participar pasar pagar acorralar suplicar poner cesar leer desgarrar. hender quitarse. repicar levantarse. dudar desorientar. deshacer montar. adelantar resplandecer ofrecer demasiado vencer. subir rajar correr aserrar decir ver buscar hervir vender enviar fijar. dejar yacer. acostarse iluminar. cabalgar sonar. inducir equivocar mezclar segar. triunfar exagerar excitar. pujar exagerar. exceder aventajar. supeditar alcanzar volcar. instalar coser sacudir formar afeitar cizallar desprender. quitarse lern liv lend let lai lait lus meik min mit misgiv mislid misteik mics mau autbid autdu autgou autshain overbid overcon overdro overdraiv overjior overraid overteik overzrou perteik pass pei pen pleid put cuit rid rend rid raid ring rais raiv ron so sei si sik sid sel send set siu sheik sheip sheiv shiar shed . apresurarse entregar dominar.

resbalar lanzar escabullirse. enderezar shain shu shut shou shred shrink shot sing sink sit slei slip slaid sling slink slit smell smait sou spik spid spel spend spil spin spit split spred spring stand steiv stil stik sting stink stru straid straik string straiv suear suet suip suel suin suing teik tich tear tel zink zraiv zrou zrost tred onbend . llevar enseñar rajar. cortar oler herir sembrar hablar acelerar. pinchar apestar esparcir cruzar golpear ensartar esforzarse jurar sudar barrer inflar. despedazar narrar. arrojar empujar. extender saltar pararse desfondar robar pegar. escapar rajar. introducir pisar aflojar. hinchar nadar mecer coger. contar pensar prosperar tirar. dividir expandir.Shine Shoe Shoot Show Shred Shrink Shut Sing Sink Sit Slay Sleep Slide Sling Slink Slit Smell Smite Sow Speak Speed Spell Spend Spill Spin Spit Split Spread Spring Stand Stave Steal Stick Sting Stink Strew Stride Strike String Strive Swear Sweat Sweep Swell Swin Swing Take Teach Tear Tell Think Thrive Throw Thrust Tread Unbend shone shod shot showed shred shrank shut sang sank sat slew slept slid slung slunk slit smelt smote sowed spoke sped spelt spent spilt spun spat split spread sprang stood stove stole stuck stung stank strewed strode struck strung strove swore sweat swept swelled swan swung took taught tore told thought throve threw thrust trod unbent shone shod shot shown shred shrunk shut sung sunk sat slain slept slid slung slunk slit smelt smitten sown spoken sped spelt spent spilt spun spat split spread sprung stood stove stolen stuck stung stunk strewn stridden struck strung striven sworn sweat swept swellen swun swung taken taught torn told thought thriven thrown thrust trodden unbent brillar calzar disparar mostrar desmenuzar encogerse cerrar cantar hundir sentarse matar dormir deslizar. ir rápido deletrear gastar derramar hilar escupir partir. adherir picar.

ovillar retirar trabajar exprimir escribir torcer onbaind onderbid onderdu ondergou onderstand onderteik undu opjould ueik uear uiv uip uet uin uaind uizdro work ring rait raid . humedecer ganar.Unbind Underbid Underdo Undergo Understand Undertake Undo Uphold Wake Wear Weave Weep Wet Win Wind Withdraw Work Wring Write writhe unbound underbid underdid underwent understood undertook undid uphelp woke wore wove wept wet won wound withdrew wrought wrung wrote writhed unbound underbid underdone undergone understood undertaken undone uphelp woken worn woven wept wet won wound withdrawn wrought wrung written writhen desatar. vencer enrollar. desligar ofrecer menos que hacer menos sufrir (cambio) entender emprender deshacer sostener despertar usar (ropa) tejer llorar mojar.