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C.V.

Raman:
Date of birth: 1888
Date of death: 1970

C.V. Raman

SIR PROFESSOR CHANDRASHEKHARA VENKATA RAMAN WAS popularly known as
Professor C.V.Raman.He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1930 for his outstanding
discovery of the scattering of light.All his life Raman worked for the cause of scientific
development in India.
Raman was an exceptionally brilliant boy right from his childhood.He passed all school
and college examinations with flying colors and completed his Master’s degree when he
was 17-year old.Raman was awarded a gold medal for securing the highest marks in
the Master’s degree in 1907.
Raman wanted to take the Indian Civil Services(ICS) exams but in those days ICS
examinations were not conducted in India,all of the candidates had to go to England to
sit for the examination.Raman too wanted to attend the ICS examination,but his poor
financial circumstances did not allow him to do so.Raman decided to attend Financial
Civil Service(FCS) instead.
Raman secured high marks and got through the interview.He was then posted to
Calcutta as an Assistant Accountant-General where he remained for ten years.During
this period Raman was also active in scientific research and experiments.He published

Raman accepted the offer and joined the Calcutta University.A.on November 7.Andhra Pradesh.graduated at 15.and senior scientists of England praised Raman’s brilliant theories on the study of light. When C.ultrasonic.He got through the examination and was selected as an Assistant Accountant General.N College.was born at Trichinopoly.dielectrics and the Raman Effect.one on acoustics and the other on light.popularly known as C.India.Parbati.Raman was a dedicated scientist.Raman studied very hard for the final year exam of B.V Raman.and he was also knighted by the British Government in India in 1929 at the age of 41.It was Raman who truly laid down the foundations of modern science in India.A.the Vice-Chancellor of the Calcutta University.The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to Raman in 1930.V Raman was studying for an M.Chandrasekhara Iyer was a professor of mathematics at A.examination and was awarded with the gold madal.Chandrasekhara Iyer and Parvathi Ammal.He was the second son of R.was a devout lady who spent most of her time in prayer.London.a high ranking post.He finally decided to sit the”Indian Financial Service”examination.musical instruments.A examination was published.He was posted to Calcutta. R.and Raman’s ten years of government service ended in this way.he wrote two articles. As Raman did not come from a rich family.and recieved master’s degree at 17.the wife of R.he had to find a suitable job.1888.Tamil Nadu. Raman found the post of an Assitant Accountant General was quite exciting but more challenging.at the young age of 19. CHANDRASEKHARA VENKATA RAMAN.V.more than 30 well-researched papers in several prestigious science journals when he was in the government service.These articles were published in two of London’s scientific magazines .metrological and colloid optics photoelectricity. A turning point came in Raman’s life when he was offered Palit Chair for Physics by Sir Asutosh Mookerjee.diffraction.x-ray diffraction.Being a high level officer his responsibility was very serious he had to be .A..Raman came first in the whole state of Madras.these articles were excellent.magnetism.he matriculated at 12. Raman is remembered for his major contributions in the field of vibration and sound. Raman was a brilliant student throughout his educational career.C Iyer.all his life Raman worked for the scientific development of India.In the latter half of his life Raman was elected a fellow of the Royal Society.Similarly Raman secured first position in the M. When the result of the B.

As a consequence he began to study late into the night. Raman.These erudite papers of C.V.Now Raman had to make a serious decision by choosing one job and leaving the other.But Raman was more interested in science than occupying a high post in the government .Sir Asutosh Mookerji.He remained in the Government job for ten years.the vice-chancellor of the calcutta University.and he decided to leave government job which brought him a handsome salary and several other benefits.Raman wished to join a University to teach science and mathematics.a motor car and a large staff of servants.but during this period he managed to publish more than 30 research papers.busy most of the day and would get very little time for his studies and experiments.V. Raman During his stay in Calcutta Raman became a permanent members of a science organization which he visited quite regularly.Many Indian and British friends of Raman were surprised when C.as an accountant general.While visiting this organization he happened to meet with the Vice-Chancellor there.but India would have lost one of her most able scientists and of .a bungalow. If Raman had had such a strong attraction to his post as Accountant General possibly he would have eventually retired and been known as one of the most hard-working and diligent officials. C.He was getting nearly all the facilities that an English officer was getting at the time.Raman duly attracted the attention of major scientists both in India and abroad.had a very large salary.this was by no means a small number.Raman published one after another many wellresearched papers in many reputable science journals.V.

When Raman was in Calcutta University he devoted a great deal of time to the Indian Association for the cultivation of Science. Raman was invited to attend a science conference to be held in England in 1921 at the age of 33 the boarded a ship and headed for England.and synthetic rubber.In brief it can also be said that because of scattering of light this causes the water to acquire a blue color. .dense liquid.This was a marvelous discovery and paved the way for many other scientist to discovery such things as colour photographs.In later years he carried out more experiments and research to know more about the properties of the scattering effect of light.Professor Raman said that when sunlight falls into the seawater a beam of sunlight passes through the tiny particles of the water and the result is that we see the water as blue. Many scientists read Raman’s paper and they praised him enormously.etc. As we know water is a transparent liquid.course.and thus he discovered that when light enters into such things the spectrum shows new lines of colour.the Nobel Prize as well.he discovered the secret and wrote a paper in which he described the reason why seawater is seen as blue.He passed light through water.He would work for ages in the laboratory.and the number of new lines is different for different substances.But Raman sacrificed his lucrative job and preferred to get involved in the service of scientific research which was his major passion.After a few months of hard work.plastics.Suddenly his eyes focused on at the color of the sea water which was startlingly blue! After he returned from England Raman started an extensive research into solving the mystery of why the seawater is blue.In fact Raman who had rejected drawing a handsome salary in the Government job was satisfied and contested as a professor of science teacher was continously spreading far and wide.solids.He was also publishing research papers quite frequently.As the ship was making its way Raman was standing on deck looking at the waves in the sea. On his return to Calcutta University Raman became very busy experimenting on the scattering of light.but it was only a humble beginning.

during this period he was working on Optics and the scattering of light and made significant progress.He was appointed as director of the Indian Institute of science in Bangalore.Prof.Raman was engaged in very hard work in the University laboratory.In 1930 the Nobel Prize for Physics was awarded to Raman for his discovery of the ‘Scattering of light’ molecular science. The Nobel Prize of Science made Professor Raman a popular figure.The Indian Academy of science(IAS) was established in 1948.in 1930 the Royal Society of London honored Raman with the Hughes Medal .He also traveled to Canada to give a lecture on the molecular and scattering of light at the British Association for the Advancement of Science.Professor Raman was invited to take a prestigious position of Taraknath Palit Professorship of Physics at calcutta University in 1917 at the fairly young age of 39.Raman also attended the International Congress of Mathematics where he gave a series of lectures. Raman with students Professor Raman discovered the ‘Raman Effect’ on 28th February 1928. .Wherever he visited he was greeted with warm welcomes and great respect.Later this institute’s name was changed to the “Raman Research Institute’.In 1924 he was elected to because a member of the Royal Society of London and in 1929 the British government khighted Prof.He also travel to many reputable universities in America and gave lectures on various topics.Similarly.He was determined to upgrade the status of Indian science and technology to an international standard.Raman for his longstanding service to enrich science.Raman had a dream of establishing a big institute where varous scientist could get the maximum facilities for research and experimentation.

Although Raman had a tough working schedule . Raman’s contribution to consolidate the foundation of Indian science and technology was indispensable and an awesome feat on his part which will never be forgotten.But he left behind ‘The Raman Effect’ as his most precious gift to mankind.Professor Raman declared that he would donate all his property to the institute to ease the running costs and help the institute when it was passing through a difficult time.when Raman was reading a book. One night.but Raman hardly paid attention to his wife’s good advice.died at the age of 82.His wife objected many times to the way he worked late into the night in the laboratory.He could always be found saying that a sound brain is only found in a healthy body.He had also published a total of 475 papers and several miscellaneous articles during his life time.1970.Professor Raman was given the most prestigious award of India the ‘Bharat Ratna’(jewel of India).he would always get up early in the morning and go for a long walk.Whenever he could get any free time he would keep himself busy reading books.But due to a lack of funds many research works could not be performed in the institute.he became exhausted and finally his health seriously declined. The Raman. Also Raman was a voracious reader.Professor Raman used his own money to buy expensive equipment for the institute.would do quite hard work but.To meet the growing expenses of the institute.He greatly enjoyed contemporary literature.despite old age. .he suddenly had a strong heart attack and collapsed on November 21.due to his age and the heavy workload.