You are on page 1of 4

Diaphragm pumps

1. Sealless pumps
2. Self priming
3. Variable flow rate & pressure
capacity range of the pump






Air operated diaphragm pumps (AODP)
Double diaphragm pumps
1. Can run dry & discharge can be throttled to zero flwo
2. Pumping slurries as liquid velocity is less than line
velocity, scouring & abrasions are minimal
3. NO close fit sliding or rubbing parts, can be used upto
50 000 SSU (11 00cSt)
4. Minimum turbulence & mixing, suitable for shear sensitive
5. Can pump dry powder in air suspension
6. Suited for hazardous environment& confined areas ( no
heat build up)
7. No bed plate or coupling
8. Zero leakage, no bypass required
1. Consists of two diaphragm chambers and two flexible
diaphragms, connected to each other by a connecting rod.
2. Air is directed on back side of one while air is
exhausted from backside of other diaphragm
3. This creates an alternating intake and discharge of
pumped liquid into and out of each chamber that results
in a nearly continuous pumping action from the combined

Discharge from bottom suitable for pumping fluids in suspension which can settle at low flow rates and when pump is shut (bottom discharge enable easy discharge) AODP with ball valves 1. Top discharge enables air or vapour to be expelled easily 2. resins. cement grout. yeast. waste oils. asphaltic coatings. ore concentrates. chocolate. volatile solvents. 3. varnish. latex. chemicals. core washes. explosives. petroleum products. 1. Bottom discharge. and wine. glue. radioactive waste. lime slurries. paint.6 bar Ice formation on air motor Diaphragm have finite life ( abrasion or high temperature limit life) AODP with flap valves 1. acids. bilge waste. coatings. 4. Can pass marble sized solids 2. filter aids. lapping compounds. coolants with metal fines. wood preservatives. printer’s ink.Liquids handled: Ceramic slurry. porcelain frit. soapstone slurries. air or vapour can reduce flow rateas it is alternately compressed or expanded 3. sewage. driller’s mud. mill scale. . 2. mine tailings. low-flow applications containing air or vapor requiring relatively high pumping pressure and that handle viscous liquids. Flow rats less than 1150 lph Operating pressure @ 8.

flow characteristics independent of pressure. not the head. avoids liquid agitation & churning Low inertia. This is opposite to centrifugal pumps where head is fixed at a point on performance curve while the discharge pressure changes with specific gravity 3.1. Pump discharge remains same for a given capacity & air pressure regardless of specific gravity but head changes ( pressure & not head maintained by air pressure). pump flow rate. contamination Low mechanical vibration. Screw pumps Rotary positive displacement. pulsation free flow High cost due to close tolerance. in which flow is axial Low internal velocities. running clearance . Zero air consumption at zero flow and maximum at maximum flow rate i. and NPSH set the discharge pressure for a given air operated pump. provided fluid has sufficient viscosity High tolerance to entrained air or gases. The supplied air pressure. which is a characteristic of a centrifugal pump operated at a fixed speed. operating at higher speeds Self priming.e flow varied from zero to a high flow rate 2.

Performance sensitive to viscosity High pressures require long pumping elements Screw pumps are single rotor (progressive cavity) Multiple rotor (timed or untimed) Multiple screw single end Multiple screw double end or .