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February 1997

KRUPP UHDE STANDARD

Vessels and equipment
TUBULAR HEAT EXCHANGERS

UN
2100-01

General specifications

Part 1

Behälter and Apparate; Rohrbündel-Wärmetauscher;
Technische Lieferbedingungen

Supersedes 94-02

Contents
1

Scope ....................................................................................................................................................................1

2

Rating....................................................................................................................................................................1

3
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5

Design...................................................................................................................................................................1
Wall thickness and wall thickness allowance .........................................................................................................1
Tubesheets ............................................................................................................................................................1
Tube bundles .........................................................................................................................................................2
Shell flanges, bonnet flanges and tubesheet sealing faces ...................................................................................2
Internals .................................................................................................................................................................2

4
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5

Fabrication............................................................................................................................................................3
Tolerance...............................................................................................................................................................3
Heat treatment .......................................................................................................................................................3
Cleaning.................................................................................................................................................................3
Pickling ..................................................................................................................................................................3
Bolted joints and gaskets .......................................................................................................................................3

5
5.1
5.2
5.3

Tests and inspections .........................................................................................................................................3
Sheets, tubes and forgings ....................................................................................................................................3
Tube-to-tubesheet joints ........................................................................................................................................3
Pressure test..........................................................................................................................................................3

6

Nameplates...........................................................................................................................................................4

1

Scope

This Krupp Uhde standard for tubular heat exchangers shall be applied in conjunction with Krupp Uhde standard UN 2000-01 Part 1.
Deviations from this standard are only permitted if approved by Krupp Uhde GmbH in writing (e.g. in the case
of special-type heat exchangers or manufacturers standard designs). However, these heat exchangers shall
comply with the codes and standards specified in the purchase order.

2

Rating

Unless otherwise specified, the components shall be rated separately according to the shell-side and tubeside design requirements.

3

Design

3.1

Wall thickness and wall thickness allowance

The minimum wall thicknesses of the shells, baffle plates, longitudinal partitioning plates and channel partitions, and the minimum diameter of the tie-rods shall be designed in accordance with Krupp Uhde standard
UN 2100-02 Part 3.
The wall thickness allowance shall be applied according to the relevant codes and standards, and the corrosion and erosion allowances in conjunction with the design data sheet.
The corrosion allowance shall be applied to all components coming into contact with the process fluid. No
corrosion allowance is required for tube bundles and tubesheet grooves.
In the case of components which come into contact with the process fluid on the tube and shell sides, the
corrosion allowance shall be applied to both sides.

3.2

Tubesheets

Unless otherwise specified, the tolerance of the tubesheet holes shall be observed according to DIN 28 182,
Continued on pages 2 to 4
Date

Prepared

Date

© 1997 Krupp Uhde GmbH

Checked

Date

Approved

Technical discipline: EN-EP

The tolerance for other materials shall be agreed upon separately. In exceptional cases. the faces of the shell flanges shall be of the male and female type or of the tongue and groove type. The tie-rods shall be adequately spaced over the bundle to ensure the specified rigidity. Refer to Krupp Uhde standard UN 2100-03 Part 2. If ASME materials are used. The machining of the sealing faces e.3 Longitudinal partitions Refer to Krupp Uhde standard UN 2100-04 Part 1 for details on longitudinal partitions.5. The shell flange shall be provided with three corresponding threaded holes and jackscrews. The tubesheet holes shall be properly deburred or rounded off (with a min. 3.g. with a chamfer of 0.4 Shell flanges. The written approval of Krupp Uhde GmbH is required prior to any work where expanded joints are used to fasten tubes to the tubesheet. In addition. Unless otherwise specified. The bottom of the grooves and the circumferential sealing face for the ring gasket shall be on the same level. Refer to Krupp Uhde standard UN 2100-02 Part 3.1 Baffle and support plates Refer to the design data sheet for the number and design of the baffle and support plates. The manufacturer shall indicate the following details in the drawing: a) Exact tube hole tolerance b) Surface quality of tube holes (max. Exceptions shall be agreed upon in writing with Krupp Uhde GmbH. 3.5. In the case of carbon steel tubes and tolerance according to DIN 28 180. For dimensions and materials refer to the design data sheet. These holes shall be carefully deburred on both sides. bonnet flanges and tubesheet sealing faces Unless otherwise specified. In the case of removable tube bundles of > 300 mm diameter. chamfer of 1 mm x 45° or radius of 1 mm). roughness Ra = 3.2 Grid-type supports When grid-type supports are installed. In all other cases tolerance class 2 is applicable. 1 mm.Page 2 UN 2100-01 Part 1 tolerance class 2 and/or the TEMA standards. 3. SA 450 shall be applied for cold-drawn or hotfinished tubes. e. the design shall be agreed upon with Krupp Uhde GmbH. Unless otherwise specified. These skids may also serve as tie-rods. tongue and groove shall take place after welding or after the final heat treatment.2 µm) c) Length and position of expanded section d) Dimension of expansion e) Number. In the case of heat exchangers with several passes on the tube side.g. the tube holes in the baffle and/or support plates shall correspond to DIN 28 182 or to TEMA standards. the tubesheets of removable tube bundles shall be provided with three jackscrew bosses on the circumference of the tubesheet. 3. at least two diametrically arranged eyebolts or lugs shall be provided on the channel side of the tubesheet to permit removal of the tube bundle.3 Tube bundles The tolerance of the tubes made of ferritic or austenitic steel used for the bundles shall correspond to DIN 2391 Part 1 and 2 or DIN 2393 Part 1 and 2 or to tolerance classes D4-T3 specified in DIN 2462 Part 1 or DIN 2463 Part 1. The entire cross section of the lugs shall be welded to the tubesheet. the tube-to-tubesheet joints shall comply with Krupp Uhde standard UN V 416-02 Part 1.5 Internals 3. . dimensions and position of grooves if used in tube holes Removable tube bundles shall be provided with at least two skids welded to the baffle or support plates. the tie-rods shall be screwed into the tubesheet behind the last baffle or support plate and secured by means of lock nuts.5 mm x 45° or a radius of approx. When spacers are used. the tolerance according to DIN 28 180 or DIN 28 181 requires mutual agreement. The baffle plates shall be positioned by spacers or welded to the tie-rods. the tubesheet face shall be provided with grooves of 5 mm depth for accommodating the partitioning plate gaskets. 3. tolerance class 1 shall apply.5.

The testing devices listed in sections 5. chloride-free pickling agents shall be used. The baffle shall not be perforated nor be provided with cut-outs.UN 2100-01 Part 1 Page 3 3. In the case where a single test ring is required for several items of equipment.5 Bolted joints and gaskets Shaped stud bolts. Unless otherwise specified. 4. External bolting and gaskets for the tie-in nozzles of stacked heat exchangers shall be supplied by the manufacturer. instead of the tightening torque shall be specified. 4. the bolt elongation. The torque required for tightening the bolts shall be indicated in the drawing.5. When hydraulic tightening devices are used. Unless otherwise specified. sections where an impingement baffle is installed) and where the shell-side fluid contained therein is not subjected to heat exchange.5 Impingement baffles If an impingement baffle is required at the inlet nozzle on the shell side.g. a test ring is required for each heat exchanger. or threaded rods with two nuts according to ASME code. the minimum holding time shall be 2 hours. The impingement baffle shall be welded between the baffle plates or bolted or clamped to the tube bundle. 4.3 Cleaning Prior to assembly for welding.5.3. The strips may also serve as tie-rods.2 Tube-to-tubesheet joints For tests of the tube-to-tubesheet welding sample refer to Krupp Uhde standard UN V416-02 Part 1. Refer to Krupp Uhde standard UN V416-02 Part 1. 3.4 Bundle sealing strips Bundle sealing strips are required where untubed sections are located between the tubed sections and shell.2 Heat treatment Local stress-relieving requires the approval of Krupp Uhde GmbH. (e. In the case of cold-bent U-tubes with low bending radi.1 Sheets. 5. the tubes.2 and 5. shall be used for shell flanges. Pickling shall be carried out in accordance with Krupp Uhde standard UN V416-03 Part 1.3 shall be furnished and supplied by the manufacturer. then the diameter of the impingement baffle shall be at least 50 mm larger than that of the nozzle. 5. Krupp Uhde standard UN V416-04 Part 1 is applicable as regards the permissible chloride content during the pressure test of heat exchangers. which are made wholly or partly of.3 Pressure test For pressure tests on the shell side. the shell shall be inclined (gradient 1:20) to accelerate the detection of possible leakages in the tube. only one test ring shall be furnished. However. or lined with.3.4 Pickling Where pickling is required. 5 Tests and inspections 5. baffle plates and tubesheets shall be cleaned. An impingement plate shall be provided when any of the following are present: • Saturated steam • LITAB = Fluids with a product of ρ • ν > 745. where identical heat exchangers are stacked. . 3 ρ = density [kg/m ] ν = velocity [m/s] 2 4 Fabrication 4. The bundle sealing strips shall be inserted and welded into the slots of the baffle plates. tubes and forgings Refer to the applicable standard and specification for tests and inspections. The annular gap between shell and impingement baffle shall be at least as large as the cross section of the inlet nozzle. 4. for test of components refer to the inspection data sheet (IDS). the requirements of the applicable codes and standards concerning annealing shall be observed.1 Tolerance Refer to Krupp Uhde standard UN 2100-02 Part 2. in this case they shall extend to the outer row of tubes.

3 U-tube heat exchangers During the shell-side pressure test. Dimensions. The shell-side pressure test shall be performed first. conventional masses per unit of length Seamless steel tubes for tubular heat exchangers. the nameplate shall be arranged above the lowest shell-side nozzle. Dimensions Seamless precision steel tubes. Minimum wall thickness and tie rods for heat exchangers Vessels and equipment. The fixed tubesheet shall be sealed against the shell by a test ring. visibility of the tubesheet shall be maintained for inspection purposes. Reference standards Uhde standards: UN V416-02 Part 1 UN V416-03 Part 1 UN V416-04 Part 1 UN 2000-01 Part 1 UN 2000-09 Part 1 UN 2100-02 Part 2 UN 2100-02 Part 3 UN 2100-03 Part 2 UN 2100-04 Part 1 DIN standards: DIN 2391 Part 1 DIN 2391 Part 2 DIN 2393 Part 1 DIN 2393 Part 2 DIN 2462 Part 1 DIN 2463 Part 1 DIN 28180 DIN 28181 DIN 28182 other standards: TEMA-Standards Vessels and equipment. Dimensional tolerance for heat exchangers Vessels and equipment. Technical delivery conditions Welded precision steel tubes. Jackscrew bosses at the tube sheet for heat exchangers Vessels and equipment. baffles and support plates Standards of Tubular Exchangers Manufacturers Association .3. 5. Dimensions. 6 Nameplates All heat exchangers shall be provided with a nameplate according to Krupp Uhde standard UN 2000-09 Part 1. pipelines and other components Vessels and equipment. Surface treatment of austenitic stainless steels after welding Quality requirements for water used for pressure tests and flushing of vessels. In the case of vertical heat exchangers. Dimensions. Dimensions Welded precision steel tubes. A test ring is required for removable tube bundles. After the tube-side pressure test has been completed.1 Fixed-tubesheet heat exchangers The shell-side pressure shall be tested first. General specification Vessel nameplate Vessels and equipment. Longitudinal baffle for heat exchangers Seamless precision steel tubes. the heat exchanger shall be assembled and subjected to the second shell-side pressure test. Then the tube-side pressure test shall be carried out.3. diameter of holes in tube sheets.3. Pressure vessels. Dimensions. and in the case of horizontal heat exchangers on the right-hand side above the front saddle on the level of the longitudinal axis (as seen when facing the channel side). dimensional deviations and materials Tubular heat exchangers. The tube-side pressure test shall be performed after installation of the channel and the floating head cover. the tube bundle shall be inserted into the shell and a special device used to provide a seal between the floating-head tubesheet and the shell.Page 4 UN 2100-01 Part 1 austenitic steel. dimensional deviations and materials Welded steel tubes for tubular heat exchangers. Tube pitches. followed by the tube-side pressure test. Technical delivery conditions Seamless stainless steel tubes. 5. Masses per unit length Welded austenitic stainless steel pipes and tubes. 5.2 Heat exchanger with floating head In the shell-side pressure test. after the channel and the bonnet have been removed. Tube-to-tubesheet joints Vessels and equipment.