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R05

Code No: R05310305

Set No. 2

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations,June 2010


DESIGN OF MACHINE MEMBERS-I
Common to Mechanical Engineering, Production Engineering
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????
1. A steam engine of effective diameter 300 m.m is subjected to a steam pressure
of 1.5 N/m.m2 . The cylinder cover is connected by means of eight bolts having
yield strength of 350N/m.m2 and endurance limit of 250N/m.m2 . The bolts are
tightened with an initial pre load of 1.5 times that of steam force. A soft copper
gasket is used to make a leak proof joint. The stress concentration factor is 2.8.
Determine the size of the bolts.
[16]

m
o

c
.
ld

2. (a) Explain the following methods of reducing stress concentration


i. Drilled holes
ii. Using large fillet radius
iii. Added grooves

r
o

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tu

(b) A shaft is made of steel ultimate tensile strength 700 MPa and yield point 420
MPa is subjected to a torque varying from 200N m anti-clockwise to 600 N m
clockwise. Calculate the diameter of the shaft if the factor of safety is 2 and
it is based on the yield point and the endurance strength in shear.
[6+10]

j. n

3. (a) What are the requirements to be satisfied by a spring?

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w

(b) A semi- elliptical laminated spring is to carry a load of 3000N and consists
of seven leaves 60mm wide, two of the leaves extending the full length of the
spring. The spring is to be 1.1m long and is to be attached to the axle by
two U-bolts 75mm apart. The leaves are to be made of silica manganese steel.
Assuming an allowable stress of 350N/mm2 . Determine the thickness for the
leaves and the deflection. Draw to half or quarter full size the elevation and
plan of the spring.
[4+12]

4. (a) What are the assumptions made in deriving torsion equation.


(b) A shaft is transmitting 97.5 kW at 180 rpm. If the allowable shear stress in
the material is 60 Mpa, find the suitable diameter for the shaft. The shaft is
not to twist more than 1o in a length of 3 meters. Take G=80 Gpa. [6+10]

5. (a) Differentiate between the eye end and fork end of a knuckle joint.
(b) A gear is fastened by means of sunk keys to the shaft, subjected to torsion
only.
i. Find the ratio of sectional areas of the shaft and key, for equality of
Strength of the key and shaft.

R05

Code No: R05310305

Set No. 2

ii. Find the length of the key of 20mm width on 70mm dia shaft. The
Permissible shear stresses for the key and shaft materials are 50 and 60Mpa
respectively.
[4+12]
6. Two shafts are connected by a flanged coupling. The flanges are fitted with 6 bolts
on 125mm bolt circle. The shafts transmit a torque of 800N-m at 350 rpm. For
the safe stresses mentioned below. Calculate
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe

thickness of flanges
diameter of bolts
Key dimensions
hub length
power transmitted.

m
o

shear stress for shaft material =63MPa


stress for bolt material =56MPa
stress for cast iron coupling =10MPa
stress for key material =46MPa.

r
o

c
.
ld

[16]

7. (a) A shaft is required to transmit 1 MW power at 240 r.p.m. The shaft must not
twist more than one degree on a length of 15m diameter. If the modulus of
rigidity for material of the shaft is 80GPa, find the diameter of the shaft and
shear stress induced.
(b) A shaft rotating at 200 rpm is to transmit 150 kW. The simply supported
length of the shaft is 5m. It carries two pulleys each weighing 2000N supported
at a distance of 0.75m from the ends respectively. The allowable shear stress
of the shaft material is 55 N/mm2 . Determine the diameter of the shaft.[8+8]

w
tu

j. n

w
w

8. Figure2. Shows a welded joint subjected to an eccentric load of 20 KN. The welding
is only on one side. Determine the uniform size of the weld on the entire length of
two legs. Take permissible shear stress for the weld material as 80 MPa.
[16]

Figure 2
?????
2

R05

Code No: R05310305

Set No. 4

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations,June 2010


DESIGN OF MACHINE MEMBERS-I
Common to Mechanical Engineering, Production Engineering
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????
1. (a) What are the assumptions made in deriving torsion equation.
(b) A shaft is transmitting 97.5 kW at 180 rpm. If the allowable shear stress in
the material is 60 Mpa, find the suitable diameter for the shaft. The shaft is
not to twist more than 1o in a length of 3 meters. Take G=80 Gpa. [6+10]

m
o

c
.
ld

2. (a) Explain the following methods of reducing stress concentration


i. Drilled holes
ii. Using large fillet radius
iii. Added grooves

r
o

(b) A shaft is made of steel ultimate tensile strength 700 MPa and yield point 420
MPa is subjected to a torque varying from 200N m anti-clockwise to 600 N m
clockwise. Calculate the diameter of the shaft if the factor of safety is 2 and
it is based on the yield point and the endurance strength in shear.
[6+10]

w
tu

j. n

3. Two shafts are connected by a flanged coupling. The flanges are fitted with 6 bolts
on 125mm bolt circle. The shafts transmit a torque of 800N-m at 350 rpm. For
the safe stresses mentioned below. Calculate

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w

(a) thickness of flanges

(b) diameter of bolts


(c) Key dimensions
(d) hub length
(e) power transmitted.
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe

shear stress for shaft material =63MPa


stress for bolt material =56MPa
stress for cast iron coupling =10MPa
stress for key material =46MPa.

[16]

4. A steam engine of effective diameter 300 m.m is subjected to a steam pressure


of 1.5 N/m.m2 . The cylinder cover is connected by means of eight bolts having
yield strength of 350N/m.m2 and endurance limit of 250N/m.m2 . The bolts are
tightened with an initial pre load of 1.5 times that of steam force. A soft copper
gasket is used to make a leak proof joint. The stress concentration factor is 2.8.
Determine the size of the bolts.
[16]

R05

Code No: R05310305

Set No. 4

5. Figure2. Shows a welded joint subjected to an eccentric load of 20 KN. The welding
is only on one side. Determine the uniform size of the weld on the entire length of
two legs. Take permissible shear stress for the weld material as 80 MPa.
[16]

m
o

Figure 2

c
.
ld

r
o

6. (a) Differentiate between the eye end and fork end of a knuckle joint.
(b) A gear is fastened by means of sunk keys to the shaft, subjected to torsion
only.
i. Find the ratio of sectional areas of the shaft and key, for equality of
Strength of the key and shaft.
ii. Find the length of the key of 20mm width on 70mm dia shaft. The
Permissible shear stresses for the key and shaft materials are 50 and 60Mpa
respectively.
[4+12]

w
tu

j. n

w
w

7. (a) What are the requirements to be satisfied by a spring?


(b) A semi- elliptical laminated spring is to carry a load of 3000N and consists
of seven leaves 60mm wide, two of the leaves extending the full length of the
spring. The spring is to be 1.1m long and is to be attached to the axle by
two U-bolts 75mm apart. The leaves are to be made of silica manganese steel.
Assuming an allowable stress of 350N/mm2 . Determine the thickness for the
leaves and the deflection. Draw to half or quarter full size the elevation and
plan of the spring.
[4+12]

8. (a) A shaft is required to transmit 1 MW power at 240 r.p.m. The shaft must not
twist more than one degree on a length of 15m diameter. If the modulus of
rigidity for material of the shaft is 80GPa, find the diameter of the shaft and
shear stress induced.
(b) A shaft rotating at 200 rpm is to transmit 150 kW. The simply supported
length of the shaft is 5m. It carries two pulleys each weighing 2000N supported
at a distance of 0.75m from the ends respectively. The allowable shear stress
of the shaft material is 55 N/mm2 . Determine the diameter of the shaft.[8+8]
?????
4

R05

Code No: R05310305

Set No. 1

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations,June 2010


DESIGN OF MACHINE MEMBERS-I
Common to Mechanical Engineering, Production Engineering
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????
1. (a) Explain the following methods of reducing stress concentration
i. Drilled holes
ii. Using large fillet radius
iii. Added grooves

m
o

c
.
ld

(b) A shaft is made of steel ultimate tensile strength 700 MPa and yield point 420
MPa is subjected to a torque varying from 200N m anti-clockwise to 600 N m
clockwise. Calculate the diameter of the shaft if the factor of safety is 2 and
it is based on the yield point and the endurance strength in shear.
[6+10]

r
o

2. (a) A shaft is required to transmit 1 MW power at 240 r.p.m. The shaft must not
twist more than one degree on a length of 15m diameter. If the modulus of
rigidity for material of the shaft is 80GPa, find the diameter of the shaft and
shear stress induced.

w
tu

j. n

(b) A shaft rotating at 200 rpm is to transmit 150 kW. The simply supported
length of the shaft is 5m. It carries two pulleys each weighing 2000N supported
at a distance of 0.75m from the ends respectively. The allowable shear stress
of the shaft material is 55 N/mm2 . Determine the diameter of the shaft.[8+8]

w
w

3. (a) What are the assumptions made in deriving torsion equation.

(b) A shaft is transmitting 97.5 kW at 180 rpm. If the allowable shear stress in
the material is 60 Mpa, find the suitable diameter for the shaft. The shaft is
not to twist more than 1o in a length of 3 meters. Take G=80 Gpa. [6+10]

4. (a) What are the requirements to be satisfied by a spring?


(b) A semi- elliptical laminated spring is to carry a load of 3000N and consists
of seven leaves 60mm wide, two of the leaves extending the full length of the
spring. The spring is to be 1.1m long and is to be attached to the axle by
two U-bolts 75mm apart. The leaves are to be made of silica manganese steel.
Assuming an allowable stress of 350N/mm2 . Determine the thickness for the
leaves and the deflection. Draw to half or quarter full size the elevation and
plan of the spring.
[4+12]
5. Two shafts are connected by a flanged coupling. The flanges are fitted with 6 bolts
on 125mm bolt circle. The shafts transmit a torque of 800N-m at 350 rpm. For
the safe stresses mentioned below. Calculate
(a) thickness of flanges
5

R05

Code No: R05310305

Set No. 1

(b) diameter of bolts


(c) Key dimensions
(d) hub length
(e) power transmitted.
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe

shear stress for shaft material =63MPa


stress for bolt material =56MPa
stress for cast iron coupling =10MPa
stress for key material =46MPa.

[16]

6. (a) Differentiate between the eye end and fork end of a knuckle joint.

m
o

(b) A gear is fastened by means of sunk keys to the shaft, subjected to torsion
only.

c
.
ld

i. Find the ratio of sectional areas of the shaft and key, for equality of
Strength of the key and shaft.
ii. Find the length of the key of 20mm width on 70mm dia shaft. The
Permissible shear stresses for the key and shaft materials are 50 and 60Mpa
respectively.
[4+12]

r
o

w
tu

7. A steam engine of effective diameter 300 m.m is subjected to a steam pressure


of 1.5 N/m.m2 . The cylinder cover is connected by means of eight bolts having
yield strength of 350N/m.m2 and endurance limit of 250N/m.m2 . The bolts are
tightened with an initial pre load of 1.5 times that of steam force. A soft copper
gasket is used to make a leak proof joint. The stress concentration factor is 2.8.
Determine the size of the bolts.
[16]

j. n

w
w

8. Figure2. Shows a welded joint subjected to an eccentric load of 20 KN. The welding
is only on one side. Determine the uniform size of the weld on the entire length of
two legs. Take permissible shear stress for the weld material as 80 MPa.
[16]

Figure 2
?????

R05

Code No: R05310305

Set No. 3

III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations,June 2010


DESIGN OF MACHINE MEMBERS-I
Common to Mechanical Engineering, Production Engineering
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????
1. (a) Differentiate between the eye end and fork end of a knuckle joint.
(b) A gear is fastened by means of sunk keys to the shaft, subjected to torsion
only.

m
o

i. Find the ratio of sectional areas of the shaft and key, for equality of
Strength of the key and shaft.
ii. Find the length of the key of 20mm width on 70mm dia shaft. The
Permissible shear stresses for the key and shaft materials are 50 and 60Mpa
respectively.
[4+12]

c
.
ld

r
o

2. Figure2. Shows a welded joint subjected to an eccentric load of 20 KN. The welding
is only on one side. Determine the uniform size of the weld on the entire length of
two legs. Take permissible shear stress for the weld material as 80 MPa.
[16]

w
tu

j. n

w
w

Figure 2
3. (a) What are the assumptions made in deriving torsion equation.
(b) A shaft is transmitting 97.5 kW at 180 rpm. If the allowable shear stress in
the material is 60 Mpa, find the suitable diameter for the shaft. The shaft is
not to twist more than 1o in a length of 3 meters. Take G=80 Gpa. [6+10]
4. Two shafts are connected by a flanged coupling. The flanges are fitted with 6 bolts
on 125mm bolt circle. The shafts transmit a torque of 800N-m at 350 rpm. For
the safe stresses mentioned below. Calculate
(a) thickness of flanges
7

R05

Code No: R05310305

Set No. 3

(b) diameter of bolts


(c) Key dimensions
(d) hub length
(e) power transmitted.
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe

shear stress for shaft material =63MPa


stress for bolt material =56MPa
stress for cast iron coupling =10MPa
stress for key material =46MPa.

[16]

5. (a) What are the requirements to be satisfied by a spring?

m
o

(b) A semi- elliptical laminated spring is to carry a load of 3000N and consists
of seven leaves 60mm wide, two of the leaves extending the full length of the
spring. The spring is to be 1.1m long and is to be attached to the axle by
two U-bolts 75mm apart. The leaves are to be made of silica manganese steel.
Assuming an allowable stress of 350N/mm2 . Determine the thickness for the
leaves and the deflection. Draw to half or quarter full size the elevation and
plan of the spring.
[4+12]

c
.
ld

r
o

6. (a) Explain the following methods of reducing stress concentration

w
tu

i. Drilled holes
ii. Using large fillet radius
iii. Added grooves

j. n

(b) A shaft is made of steel ultimate tensile strength 700 MPa and yield point 420
MPa is subjected to a torque varying from 200N m anti-clockwise to 600 N m
clockwise. Calculate the diameter of the shaft if the factor of safety is 2 and
it is based on the yield point and the endurance strength in shear.
[6+10]

w
w

7. A steam engine of effective diameter 300 m.m is subjected to a steam pressure


of 1.5 N/m.m2 . The cylinder cover is connected by means of eight bolts having
yield strength of 350N/m.m2 and endurance limit of 250N/m.m2 . The bolts are
tightened with an initial pre load of 1.5 times that of steam force. A soft copper
gasket is used to make a leak proof joint. The stress concentration factor is 2.8.
Determine the size of the bolts.
[16]
8. (a) A shaft is required to transmit 1 MW power at 240 r.p.m. The shaft must not
twist more than one degree on a length of 15m diameter. If the modulus of
rigidity for material of the shaft is 80GPa, find the diameter of the shaft and
shear stress induced.
(b) A shaft rotating at 200 rpm is to transmit 150 kW. The simply supported
length of the shaft is 5m. It carries two pulleys each weighing 2000N supported
at a distance of 0.75m from the ends respectively. The allowable shear stress
of the shaft material is 55 N/mm2 . Determine the diameter of the shaft.[8+8]
?????