RELATIVE EFFECT OF DESIGN, INTREGRATION & INFORMATION SHARING ON SUPPLY CHAIN PERFORMANCE | Supply Chain Management | Supply Chain

RELATIVE EFFECT OF DESIGN, INTREGRATION & INFORMATION SHARING ON SUPPLY CHAIN PERFORMANCE DISSERTATION 2010

Submitted for the partial fulfilment of the requirement for the award Of POST GRADUATE DIPLOMA IN MANAGEMENT SUBMITTED BY
ASHUTOSH SHARMA 8014

UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF
Dr. G.D.Sardana

Department Of Management INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT EDUCATION, SAHIBABAD

CERTIFICATE

This is to certify that the Dissertation entitled Relative Effect of Design, Integration & Information sharing on Supply Chain Performance and submitted by Ashutosh Sharma having Roll No. for the partial fulfilment of the partial fulfilment of the requirements of PGDM 2010, IME, embodies the bonafide work done by him under my supervision.

…………………………………. Signature of the Guide

Place:

Date:

ABSTRACT
The aim of this study is to empirically investigate the relative effects of supply chain integration, supply chain information sharing and supply chain design on supply chain performance. Supply chain performance and effective management of supply chains have been increasingly recognized as critical factors in gaining competitive advantage for firms. Coordination and information sharing increases the ability of supply chains to react sudden changes in volatile demand environments. The flow of information in a supply chain has a priority over the physical flow of goods and materials, inventory reductions and efficient use of resources becomes possible. Well-designed supply chains can meet the changing needs of customers through sufficient capacities, optimally located suppliers and distributors, and good relationships between channel members.

ACNOWLEDGEMENT

I hereby acknowledge that the information provided in this project is true to the best of my knowledge and ability. Perseverance, inspiration and motivation have always played a key role in the success of any venture. A successful and satisfactory completion of any dissertation is the outcome of valuable aggregate contribution of different person fully in radial direction, explicitly or implicitly. Whereas vast, varied and valuable reading efforts lead to substantial acquition of knowledge via books and allied information sources, true expertise exclude from collateral practical work and experience. Not word has ever seemed so inadequate as now when I am endeavoring to express my gratitude at the culmination of my project, to all those who have made it possible. Even the best efforts are vested without proper guidance and advice. I am extremely thankful to Prof. G.D Sardana(Director, IME) for his cooperation, inspiration, keen supervision and the practical approach he gave to the dissertation. I am also grateful to Dr. Taruna Gautam (Asst. Director IME), for providing every support and her cooperation, motivation and a good guidance. I express my special thanks to my dissertation guide Prof. G.D Sardana for his constant guidance, keen supervision and for providing every support and all facility incredible help to develop this. I also pay my special thanks to Mr. Gorakh Sharma (Sr. Manager, LML) for his helpful hand, kindness and throughout cooperation in imparting knowledge and practical implications on the subject. I also pay my sincere thanks to Mr. B.B.Sharma, my father for his throughout co-operation. Further by blessing of GOD, I express my deep regards to my parents, my mother Smt.Santosh Sharma, my sisters and thanks to other family member and friends and all of my seniors who have painstakingly stood by me and made it possible through my studies. Last but not the least I would like to thank all staff members of IME SAHIBABAD for their kind help and co-operation.

Ashutosh Sharma

CONTENT PAGE

1. Chapter I : -

Introduction Need of the study Background

2. Chapter II: -

Research Methodology Objectives of the study Research Methodology Scope of the study Limitations

3. Chapter III: 4. Chapter IV: 5. Chapter V: Bibliography References

Descriptive work of subtopic on study Data Analysis & Interpretation Suggestion & Conclusions

Checklist for the items in the report.

CHAPTER - I

INTRODUCTION

INTRODUCTION:
Studies on supply chain performance can be classified under two major areas. The first category of research is about how to measure supply chain performance. The second groups of studies focus on several predictor factors that could be used in explaining why some supply chains perform better than others. Despite the abundance of research on the effects of integration and information sharing on supply chain performance, there is little empirical work on the effects of design factors on supply chain performance. What is the relative effect of supply chain design as it is compared with the other factors? For example, if a supply chain is not sufficiently designed to satisfy the needs of the customer, is it possible to achieve high performance only through sophisticated information systems? Supply chain performance and effective management of supply chains have been increasingly recognized as critical factors in gaining competitive advantage for firms Earlier studies on supply chain modelling utilized several different performance measures including cost, customer responsiveness, and activity time. Most of these studies had mainly relied on the use of cost as a primary measure of supply chain performance since it was easier to implement in quantitative models, argued that the use of such simple performance measures that are limited in scope might be inconsistent with the strategic goals of an organization. The supply chain performance measurement system should not ignore any important tradeoffs among different objectives. Based on this argument, developed a framework for the selection of performance measures for supply chain systems. In this framework, three types of performance measures were identified as the necessary components of a supply chain performance measurement system: flexibility, resource, and output. Flexibility is the ability to respond changes. Supply chains should be evaluated based on their ability to respond any changes in products, delivery times, volume, and mix. Therefore, flexibility measures include new product flexibility, delivery flexibility, mix flexibility and volume flexibility. Resource measures are concerned with the efficiency in using the resources in a supply chain system. Resource measures include the costs of using several resources, inventory levels in the supply chain, and the return on investments. Output measures include customer satisfaction (in terms of on-time deliveries, order fill rate, and response times), sales quantities, and profit. In the current study

these three measures of supply chain performance have been operationalized by using questionnaire items to represent the extent to which supply chains operate in each of these dimensions.

Increasing the level of integration and information sharing among the members of a supply chain has become a necessity for improving the effectiveness of supply chains. Such cooperative behaviours of firms provide rapid access to the required information, more sensitivity towards the needs of the customers, and faster response times than the competitors. Past studies report positive relationships between the level of supply chain integration and performance .Wellintegrated supply chains create value for the shareholders by decreasing costs and increasing market share. Firms that achieved a successful integration in their supply chains have fewer inventories, shorter cash flow cycle times, reduced logistics and material purchasing costs, increased workforce efficiency, and improved customer responsiveness.

Similarly, obtaining the demand information from the customers has been shown to decrease inventory costs in a supply chain. When the flow of information in a supply chain has a priority over the physical flow of goods and materials, inventory reductions and efficient use of resources becomes possible.

Today, inventories can be replenished timely and quickly under the visibility and continuous communication capabilities provided by the advanced technologies and information systems demonstrated that sharing the supply and demand information with the supply chain helped reducing the inventory costs and shortening the order cycle times. It is also suggested that coordination and information sharing increases the ability of supply chains to react sudden changes in volatile demand environments.

Supply chain design is another critical factor determining the efficiency and effectiveness of a supply chain. It involves the decisions about number of suppliers, proximity to suppliers, supplier selection and evaluation, planned capacities in each facility, definition of contractual terms, and reactions to the possible disagreements between channel members. Supplier selection and evaluation, for example, has been a primary concern in developing world class

manufacturers. Supporting the few supplier strategy, just-in-time philosophy stressed the importance of selecting the best suppliers and establishing long-term relationships with those suppliers. Similarly, supplier capacities and locations have some degree of impact on the effective management of supply chains.

JUSTIFICATION/NEED OF FOR STUDY:
The aim of this study is to empirically investigate the relative effect sizes of integration, information sharing, and supply chain design on the supply chain performance. Data collected from 4 manufacturing firms in several industries in India have been used for analyzing the relationships between the study variables. In the following sections, first, supply chain performance and its predictors are defined. In the methodology section, measure development and validation procedures are described. Next, the results of the statistical analysis are reported. Finally, limitations and possible future extensions are provided.

BACKGROUNG OF STUDY:
Supply chains encompass the companies and the business activities needed to design, make, deliver, and use a product or service. Businesses depend on their supply chains to provide them with what they need to survive and thrive. Every business fits into one or more supply chains and has a role to play in each of them. The pace of change and the uncertainty about how markets will evolve has made it increasingly important for companies to be aware of the supply chains they participate in and to understand the roles that they play. Those companies that learn how to build and participate in strong supply chains will have a substantial competitive advantage in their markets.

Nothing Entirely New. . . Just a Significant Evolution The practice of supply chain management is guided by some basic underlying concepts that have not changed much over the centuries. Several hundred years ago, Napoleon made the remark, “An army marches on its stomach.” Napoleon was a master strategist and a skillful general and this remark shows that he clearly understood the importance of what we would now call an efficient supply chain. Unless the soldiers are fed, the army cannot move. Along these same lines, there is another saying that goes,” Amateurs talk strategy and professionals talk logistics.” People can discuss all sorts of grand strategies and dashing maneuvers but none of that will be possible without first figuring out how to meet the day-to-day demands of providing an army with fuel, spare parts, food, shelter, and ammunition. It is the seemingly mundane activities of the quartermaster and the supply sergeants that often determine an army’s success. This has many analogies in business. The term “supply chain management” arose in the late 1980s and came into widespread use in the 1990s. Prior to that time, businesses used terms such as “logistics” and “operations management” instead. Supply chain is then we can define supply chain management as the things we do to influence the behaviour of the supply chain and get the results we want. Some definitions of supply chain management are: • “The systemic, strategic coordination of the traditional business functions and the tactics across these business functions within a particular company and across businesses within the supply

chain, for the purposes of improving the long-term performance of the individual companies and the supply chain as a whole.

BASIC CONSEPTS OF SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT:

• “Supply chain management is the coordination of production, inventory, location, and transportation among the participants in a supply chain to achieve the best mix of responsiveness and efficiency for the market being served.”—my own words. There is a difference between the concept of supply chain management and the traditional concept of logistics. Logistics typically refers to activities that occur within the boundaries of a single organization and supply chains refer to networks of companies that work together and coordinate their actions to deliver a product to market. Also traditional logistics focuses its attention on activities such as procurement, distribution, maintenance, and inventory management. Supply chain management acknowledges all of traditional logistics and also includes activities such as marketing, new product development, finance, and customer service. The wider view of supply chain thinking, these additional activities are now seen as part of the work needed to fulfill customer requests.

Supply chain management views the supply chain and the organizations in it as a single entity. It brings a systems approach to understanding and managing the different activities needed to coordinate the flow of products and services to best serve the ultimate customer. This systems approach provides the framework in which to best respond to business requirements that otherwise would seem to be in conflict with each other. Taken individually, different supply chain requirements often have conflicting needs. For instance, the requirement of maintaining high levels of customer service calls for maintaining high levels of inventory, but then the requirement to operate efficiently calls for reducing inventory levels. It is only when these requirements are seen together as parts of a larger picture that ways can be found to effectively balance their different demands. Effective supply chain management requires simultaneous improvements in both customer service levels and the internal operating efficiencies of the companies.

CHAPTER II

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Objective of the Study

To identify the performance of supply chain with respect to information sharing. With respect to – Flexibility performance. . Resource performance. Output performance

Type of Research

Exploratory and Descriptive Research

Exploratory research is a type of research conducted because a problem has not been clearly defined. Exploratory research helps determine the best research design, data collection method and selection of subjects. Given its fundamental nature, exploratory research often concludes that a perceived problem does not actually exist. It seeks to find out how people get along in the setting under question, what meanings they give to their actions, and what issues concern them. The goal is to learn 'what is going on here?' On the other hand descriptive research is aimed to find the complete description about an existing problem or phenomenon Here, during my project, the main focus was to find what is the effect of information sharing with supply chain performance and how the industries are facing the new emerging trends in the various performances like flexibility, resources, output are actually thinking about the industries supply chain performance. What are the attributes and reasons are having by means of which they are defeating performance process?

Sampling methods
Process of selecting a sample from a population is called sampling. In sampling, a representative sample or portion of members of a population or process is selected and then analyze. Based on sample result called statistics, Statistical interferences are made about the population characteristic. For example, a political analyst selects specific or random set of people for interview to estimate the proportion of the votes that each candidate may get from the population of the voters.

When I started my project, my external guide asked me to do the site mapping, means to visit the running sites and to collect the information from there and to forward that information to the next level to perform their tasks. And above all to do the product promotion there, and find out the stage of the sites and try to correlate the site stage and the usage of the industries performance in those projects.

Sample area
The sample areas is U.P. including Narolac (Kanpur), LML(Kanpur), Saraya Distillery (Gorakhpur), and PPEL (Greater Noida).

Methods of Data Collection
The task of data collection begins after we define the research problem. While deciding about the methods of data collection to be used for the study, the researcher should keep in mind two types of data viz. primary and secondary. The primary data are those data which are collected for the first time and thus it is original in nature. The secondary data on the other hand are those which have already been collected by someone else and which have already been passed to the statistical process. The researcher would have to decide which sought of data he would be using for his study and accordingly he will have to select one or the other method of data collection. The methods of collecting primary and secondary data differ since primary data are to be originally collected, while in case of secondary data the nature of data collection were is merely that of compilation.

Collection of primary data
There are several methods through which we can collect primary data. Some of these are:

Observation methods: In observational studies, the investigator doesn’t ask question to seek clarification on certain issue instead he records the behavior, as it occurs, of an event in which he is interested. Sometimes mechanical devices are also used to record the desired data.

Interviewing: Interview can be conducted either face to face or over telephone. Such interviews provide an opportunity to establish a rapport with the interviewer and help extract valuable information.

Questionnaire:

Questionnaire items for the dependent variable supply chain performance were adapted conceptual framework, including five questions for flexibility performance, five questions for resource performance, and seven questions for output performance. Independent variables were supply chain integration, supply chain information sharing, and supply chain design. Supply chain integration scale included five questions; Supply chain information sharing was divided into two parts: 1 customers’ information sharing with suppliers; and 2 suppliers’ information sharing with customers.

Collection of secondary data
Secondary data means data that are already available i.e. they refer to the data which have already been collected and analyzed by someone else. When the researcher utilizes secondary data, then he has to look into various sources from where he can obtain them. In this scale he is certainly not confronted with the problems that are usually associated with the collection of original data. Secondary data may either be published or unpublished. Usually published data are available in various publications of the central, state, and local bodies. In technical and trade journals, books magazines, newspaper, reports and publication of various associations connected with business and industry, banks, stock exchanges etc.

Most of the secondary data I have used in this project have been collected from various websites through net. Some of the basic information was provided by the Company.

Sample Size
The target sample size is 4 manufacturing industries and the research was conducted in almost in U.P. Region.

CHAPTER III

DESCRIPTIVE SUBTOPICS STUDY

WORK OF

OF THE

Descriptive work of subtopics of the study

The project undertaken was to know the recent trends and the effect of supply chain performance on several manufacturing industry to achieve competitive edge over various competitors and to know about the present market demand and situation to determine the best marketing strategies for the sales. Basically my research work is divided into three parts:

• Flexibility performance • Resource performance. • Output performance.

Market Survey
This was the first part of the project. This part deals in visiting so many running sites in the U.P. region to know the status of that industry like stage performance of information etc.. The survey will be helpful in understanding the current market scenario as well as the new emerging trends in the manufacturing industry. The main purpose lies in interacting with the project managers and site engineer who are the real promoter of supply chain. The comments regarding the various performances of various stages are gathered and in particular of industry and by that we have to measure the supply chain performance in information sharing. The positives and negatives of each stage are noted. The issues such as customers’ information sharing with suppliers; and suppliers’ information sharing with customers are to be observed. The basic purpose of market survey was to understand the markets and the pros and cons of information sharing in supply chain of industry.

Analysis of Various Brand Preference of Product
This is the second part of the project. This part deals with the knowledge of various product & consumer preference. The reason of their held up, their restart time etc. There may be various reasons of information sharing and some personal problem.

Working procedure
Here we have to approach various engineer, contractors, suppliers, project managers, and various consultants etc. we are measuring there some performance like resource, flexibility, output. We have to then go to some supplier and also ask them about the information sharing with then. After talking with the manager/engineer, we try to analyze the recent marketing trend and try to establish the new procedure for the sales and demand forecast. We have to submit Daily report about each market and full information about each Site in those industries. Questionnaire and observation method was used for collecting the information.

My own contribution

As far as my contribution is concerned I regularly visit to industry, go to locate different running sites and found so many sales generating future prospects sites and used to meet the concerned person’s like project managers, engineer and vendors. I also wanted to meet to the site owners but strange the site owners never come to these sites or may come rarely. Then I specially met to the various managers to know about the managerial view about this topic, about the effect of information sharing in supply chain. The new emerging trends in the manufacturing industry. My project is about understanding the relative effect of information sharing in supply chain in manufacturing industry and in particularly the awareness of the information sharing in supply chain management. This project is helping me in getting practical experience about marketing research, channel distribution, sales, and developing new strategies for demand forecasting and the new ideas for product promotion.

CHAPTER IV

DATA ANALYSIS & INTERPRETATION

Analysis
The collected data have been analyzed in this section. The data is revelling various output as per the data. In this analysis section the data is analyzed in one section i.e. study-1

Study-1. Despite the significance of design issues in a supply chain, there seems to be a lack of attention on this in the academic literature. Although there are studies dealing with some individual dimensions of supply chain design, such as location factors, supplier selection, etc., a single construct for measuring supply chain design has not been developed yet. For example, investigate the relationships between location factors and manufacturing performance. Location factors defined in their study is only one individual dimension of supply chain design. There are several other factors (e.g., supplier selection, capacity planning, sufficiency of distribution channels, etc.) that can be considered as the other dimensions of supply chain design. The current study, therefore, first attempts to develop such a single construct for supply chain design, and then, investigates the relative effects of supply chain design, integration and information sharing on the performance of a supply chain. The research model is shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1: The research model

Except for the supply chain performance questions, all questionnaire items were marked between strongly disagree (= 1) and strongly agree (= 5). For the supply chain performance questions, the respondents were asked to make a judgment between Worse (= 1) and Better (= 5) by comparing their supply chain with the other supply chains in the same industry. Questionnaire items for the dependent variable supply chain performance were adapted conceptual framework, including five questions for flexibility performance, five questions for resource performance, and seven questions for output performance. Independent variables were supply chain integration, supply chain information sharing, and supply chain design. Supply chain integration scale included five questions; Supply chain information sharing was divided into two parts: 1 customers’ information sharing with suppliers; and 2 suppliers’ information sharing with customers.

NAROLAC PAINTS FLEXIBILITY PERFORMANCE Ability to respond(demand variation), Seasonality Poor manufacturing performance ( machine break downs) Poor supplier performance Poor delivery performance New product, new market, or new competitors As per given in the above table the company’s flexibility performance is evaluated in different five heads. The ability to respond (demand variation) seasonality is good. The company’s manufacturing performance in also good with 3 marks out of the 5. The supplier performance is not very good but not poor also the same case with delivery whose poor ranking is 1 point. At last, the company’s new product, new market or new competitor is good with 3 marks. 1 2 3 4 5

TABLE 2:- RESOURCE PERFORMSNCE. RESOURCE PERFORMANCE Total cost of resource used Cost of distribution (transportation, handling cost) Manufacturing, including labour, maintenance and re-work costs. Return on investments. 1 2 3 4 5

The resource performance of the company is divided into 4 heads. The total cost of resources used is good; cost of distribution including transportation and handling cost occupies good matter in the resource performance. the manufacturing performance is very good with 4 points such as such the return on investment performance is outstanding.

OUTPUT PERFORMANCE Sales Order fill rates On-time deliveries Customer response time Shipping errors Manufacturing lead-time Customer complaints

1

2

3

4

5

As relation to the output performance of the company, the net selling performance is very good, order fill rates are outstanding, on time deliveries are good, customer response are very good and shipping errors are graded as 3 marks. The company’s manufacturing lead-time performance is very good and the customer complaints are very less.

LML AUTOMOBILE

FLEXIBILITY PERFORMANCE Ability to respond(demand variation), Seasonality Poor manufacturing performance ( machine break downs) Poor supplier performance Poor delivery performance New product, new market, or new competitors

1

2

3

4

5

The flexibility performance is divided in the five parts which are the one of the evaluation criteria of the performance of flexibility. The company’s ability to respond is very good wheather as manufacturing performance and supplier performance is very bad. Delivery performance is not so good. At last, the companies have to face good competitions.

RESOURCE PERFORMANCE Total cost of resource used Cost of distribution (transportation, handling cost) Manufacturing, including labour, maintenance and re-work costs. Return on investments.

1

2

3

4

5

In the resource performance of the company, the total cost of resource, costs of distribution, manufacturing performance are very good. The return of investment is outstanding.

OUTPUT PERFORMANCE Sales Order fill rates On-time deliveries Customer response time Shipping errors Manufacturing lead-time Customer complaints

1

2

3

4

5

In the output performance of the company, the sales, customer response time, manufacturing lead time are very good. Orders fill rates and on time deliveries are outstanding. The shipping errors are much more which a matter of problem is. The customer has many complaints regarding to company.

SARAYA DISTILLERY FLEXIBILITY PERFORMANCE Ability to respond(demand variation), Seasonality Poor manufacturing performance ( machine break downs) Poor supplier performance Poor delivery performance New product, new market, or new competitors 1 2 3 4 5

The flexibility performance is divided in the five parts which are the one of the evaluation criteria of the performance of flexibility. The company’s ability to respond is good wheather as manufacturing performance is also good and supplier performance is very good. Delivery performance is not so good. At last, the companies have to face good competitions.

RESOURCE PERFORMANCE Total cost of resource used Cost of distribution (transportation, handling cost) Manufacturing, including labour, maintenance and re-work costs. Return on investments.

1

2

3

4

5

The resource performance of the company is divided into 4 heads. The total cost of resources used is good; cost of distribution including transportation and handling cost occupies good matter in the resource performance. The manufacturing performance is very good with 4 points such as such the return on investment performance is not so much outstanding.

OUTPUT PERFORMANCE Sales Order fill rates On-time deliveries Customer response time Shipping errors Manufacturing lead-time Customer complaints

1

2

3

4

5

In the output performance of the company, the sales, customer response time, manufacturing lead time are very good. Orders fill rates and on time deliveries are outstanding. The shipping errors are much more which a matter of problem is. The customer has no complaints regarding to company.

PARADISE PLASTIC ENTERPRISE PVT. LTD

FLEXIBILITY PERFORMANCE Ability to respond(demand variation), Seasonality Poor manufacturing performance ( machine break downs) Poor supplier performance Poor delivery performance New product, new market, or new competitors

1

2

3

4

5

The flexibility performance is divided in the five parts which are the one of the evaluation criteria of the performance of flexibility. The company’s ability to respond is outstanding wheather as manufacturing performance is also good and supplier performance is not good. Delivery performance is not so good. At last, the companies have to face good competitions.

RESOURCE PERFORMANCE Total cost of resource used Cost of distribution (transportation, handling cost) Manufacturing, including labour, maintenance and re-work costs. Return on investments.

1

2

3

4

5

The resource performance of the company is divided into 4 heads. The total cost of resources used is very good; cost of distribution including transportation and handling cost occupies good matter in the resource performance. The manufacturing performance is good with 3 points such as such the return on investment performance is not so much outstanding.

OUTPUT PERFORMANCE Sales Order fill rates On-time deliveries Customer response time Shipping errors Manufacturing lead-time Customer complaints

1

2

3

4

5

In the output performance of the company, the sales, customer response time, manufacturing lead time are very good. Orders fill rates and on time deliveries are very good. The shipping errors are much more which a matter of problem is. The customer has not so many complaints regarding to company.

CHAPTER V

CONCLUSION & SUGGESTION

Conclusion

In today’s competitive business environments, firms in a supply chain compete with other supply chains and therefore they should manage their supply chains effectively and efficiently. While integration and information sharing are the well-known manners for increasing the performance in supply chains, design of a supply chain also has a critical role in the achievement of desired performance levels. Well-designed supply chains can meet the changing needs of customers through sufficient capacities, optimally located suppliers and distributors, and good relationships between channel members. According to the implications of this study, flexibility, resource and output performances of supply chains can be improved by emphasizing integration and information sharing, and specifically by concentrating on the supply chain design.

References
Christopher, M. (1998), Logistics and Supply Chain Management: Strategies For Reducing Costs and Improving Services, 2nd ed., Financial Times/Pitman Publishing, London. Simchi-Levi, D., Kaminsky, P. and Simchi-Levi, E. (2000), Designing and Managing the Supply Chain: Concepts, Strategies and Case Studies, International ed., McGraw- Hill, Singapore. Chopra, S. and Meindl, P. (2004), Supply Chain Management: Strategy, Planning and Operations, 2nd ed., Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. Fisher, M.L. (1997), “What is the right supply chain for your product?” Harvard Business Review, Vol. 75 No. 2, pp. 105-16.

Checklist of items in the Report

1. 2. 3. 4.

Is the report properly Hard bound/spiral bound? Is the cover page in proper format as given in annexure A? Is the title page (Inner cover page) in proper format? (a) Is the certificate from the supervisor in proper format? (b)Has it been signed by the supervisor?

Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No Yes/No

5.

Is the abstract included in report properly written within one page?

Have the keywords been specified properly? 6. Is the title of your report appropriate? The title should be adequately descriptive, precise and must reflect scope of the actual work done. 7. Have you included the list of abbreviations/acronyms? Uncommon abbreviations / acronyms should not be used in the title. 8. 9. Does the report contain a summary of the literature survey? Does the Table of contents include page numbers? (i) Are the pages numbered properly? (ii) Are the figures numbered properly ?(Figure numbers and figure titles at the bottom of the figures) (iii)Are the Tables numbered properly ?(Table numbers and table titles at the top of the table) (iv) Are the captions for the figures and tables proper? (v) Are the appendices numbered properly?

Yes/No Yes/No

Yes/ No

Yes/ No

Yes/ No Yes / No Yes / No Yes / No Yes / No

10.

Is the conclusion of the report based on discussion of the work?

Yes / No

11.

Are References or bibliography given at the end of the report? Have the References been cited properly inside the next of the report? Is the citation of references in proper format?

Yes/ No Yes/ No

Yes/ No 12. Have you written your report according to the guidelines? The report should not be a mere printout of a power point presentation. Source code need not be included in the report. 13. A compact disk(CD) containing the soft copy of the final report and a copy of the final seminar presentation made to the supervisor examiner (both preferably in PDF format only) has been placed in a protective jacket securely fastened to the inner back cover of the final report. Yes/ No Yes /No

Declaration: I certify that I have properly verified all the items in this checklist and ensure that the report is in proper format as specified in the course handout.

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