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1

Two forces are applied to an eye bolt fastened to a beam. Determine

graphically the magnitude and direction of their resultant using (a) the

parallelogram law, (b) the triangle rule.

SOLUTION

(a)

(b)

R = 8.4 kN

We measure:

= 19

R = 8.4 kN

19

PROBLEM 2.2

The cable stays AB and AD help support pole AC. Knowing that the

tension is 500 N in AB and 160 N in AD, determine graphically the

magnitude and direction of the resultant of the forces exerted by the stays

at A using (a) the parallelogram law, (b) the triangle rule.

SOLUTION

We measure:

= 51.3, = 59

(a)

(b)

We measure:

R = 575 N, = 67

R = 575 N

67

PROBLEM 2.3

Two forces P and Q are applied as shown at point A of a hook support.

Knowing that P = 15 lb and Q = 25 lb, determine graphically the

magnitude and direction of their resultant using (a) the parallelogram law,

(b) the triangle rule.

SOLUTION

(a)

(b)

R = 37 lb, = 76

We measure:

R = 37 lb

76

PROBLEM 2.4

Two forces P and Q are applied as shown at point A of a hook support.

Knowing that P = 45 lb and Q = 15 lb, determine graphically the

magnitude and direction of their resultant using (a) the parallelogram law,

(b) the triangle rule.

SOLUTION

(a)

(b)

We measure:

R = 61.5 lb

86.5

PROBLEM 2.5

Two control rods are attached at A to lever AB. Using trigonometry and

knowing that the force in the left-hand rod is F1 = 120 N, determine

(a) the required force F2 in the right-hand rod if the resultant R of the

forces exerted by the rods on the lever is to be vertical, (b) the

corresponding magnitude of R.

SOLUTION

F2 108 N

We measure:

R 77 N

By trigonometry: Law of Sines

F2

R

120

=

=

sin

sin 38 sin

= 90 28 = 62, = 180 62 38 = 80

Then:

F2

R

120 N

=

=

sin 62 sin 38 sin 80

or (a) F2 = 107.6 N

(b)

R = 75.0 N

PROBLEM 2.6

Two control rods are attached at A to lever AB. Using trigonometry and

knowing that the force in the right-hand rod is F2 = 80 N, determine

(a) the required force F1 in the left-hand rod if the resultant R of the

forces exerted by the rods on the lever is to be vertical, (b) the

corresponding magnitude of R.

SOLUTION

F1

R

80

=

=

sin

sin 38 sin

= 90 10 = 80, = 180 80 38 = 62

Then:

F1

R

80 N

=

=

sin 80 sin 38 sin 62

or (a) F1 = 89.2 N

(b) R = 55.8 N

PROBLEM 2.7

The 50-lb force is to be resolved into components along lines a-a and

b-b. (a) Using trigonometry, determine the angle knowing that the

component along a-a is 35 lb. (b) What is the corresponding value of

the component along b-b ?

SOLUTION

sin

sin 40

=

35 lb

50 lb

(a)

sin = 0.44995

= 26.74

+ + 40 = 180

Then:

= 113.3

(b) Using the Law of Sines:

Fbb

50 lb

=

sin

sin 40

Fbb = 71.5 lb

PROBLEM 2.8

The 50-lb force is to be resolved into components along lines a-a and

b-b. (a) Using trigonometry, determine the angle knowing that the

component along b-b is 30 lb. (b) What is the corresponding value of

the component along a-a ?

SOLUTION

(a)

sin

sin 40

=

30 lb

50 lb

sin = 0.3857

= 22.7

(b)

+ + 40 = 180

= 117.31

Faa

50 lb

=

sin

sin 40

sin

Faa = 50 lb

sin 40

Faa = 69.1 lb

PROBLEM 2.9

To steady a sign as it is being lowered, two cables are attached to the sign

at A. Using trigonometry and knowing that = 25, determine (a) the

required magnitude of the force P if the resultant R of the two forces

applied at A is to be vertical, (b) the corresponding magnitude of R.

SOLUTION

Have:

= 180 ( 35 + 25 )

= 120

Then:

P

R

360 N

=

=

sin 35 sin120 sin 25

or (a) P = 489 N

(b) R = 738 N

PROBLEM 2.10

To steady a sign as it is being lowered, two cables are attached to the sign

at A. Using trigonometry and knowing that the magnitude of P is 300 N,

determine (a) the required angle if the resultant R of the two forces

applied at A is to be vertical, (b) the corresponding magnitude of R.

SOLUTION

(a) Have:

360 N

300 N

=

sin

sin 35

sin = 0.68829

= 43.5

= 180 ( 35 + 43.5 )

(b)

= 101.5

Then:

R

300 N

=

sin101.5 sin 35

or R = 513 N

10

PROBLEM 2.11

Two forces are applied as shown to a hook support. Using trigonometry

and knowing that the magnitude of P is 14 lb, determine (a) the required

angle if the resultant R of the two forces applied to the support is to be

horizontal, (b) the corresponding magnitude of R.

SOLUTION

Using the triangle rule and the Law of Sines

(a) Have:

20 lb

14 lb

=

sin

sin 30

sin = 0.71428

= 45.6

= 180 ( 30 + 45.6 )

(b)

= 104.4

Then:

R

14 lb

=

sin104.4 sin 30

R = 27.1 lb

11

PROBLEM 2.12

For the hook support of Problem 2.3, using trigonometry and knowing

that the magnitude of P is 25 lb, determine (a) the required magnitude of

the force Q if the resultant R of the two forces applied at A is to be

vertical, (b) the corresponding magnitude of R.

Problem 2.3: Two forces P and Q are applied as shown at point A of a

hook support. Knowing that P = 15 lb and Q = 25 lb, determine

graphically the magnitude and direction of their resultant using (a) the

parallelogram law, (b) the triangle rule.

SOLUTION

Using the triangle rule and the Law of Sines

(a) Have:

Q

25 lb

=

sin15 sin 30

Q = 12.94 lb

= 180 (15 + 30 )

(b)

= 135

Thus:

R

25 lb

=

sin135 sin 30

sin135

R = 25 lb

= 35.36 lb

sin 30

R = 35.4 lb

12

PROBLEM 2.13

For the hook support of Problem 2.11, determine, using trigonometry,

(a) the magnitude and direction of the smallest force P for which the

resultant R of the two forces applied to the support is horizontal,

(b) the corresponding magnitude of R.

Problem 2.11: Two forces are applied as shown to a hook support. Using

trigonometry and knowing that the magnitude of P is 14 lb, determine

(a) the required angle if the resultant R of the two forces applied to the

support is to be horizontal, (b) the corresponding magnitude of R.

SOLUTION

(a) The smallest force P will be perpendicular to R, that is, vertical

P = ( 20 lb ) sin 30

= 10 lb

(b)

P = 10 lb

R = ( 20 lb ) cos 30

= 17.32 lb

13

R = 17.32 lb

PROBLEM 2.14

As shown in Figure P2.9, two cables are attached to a sign at A to steady

the sign as it is being lowered. Using trigonometry, determine (a) the

magnitude and direction of the smallest force P for which the resultant R

of the two forces applied at A is vertical, (b) the corresponding magnitude

of R.

SOLUTION

We observe that force P is minimum when is 90, that is, P is horizontal

Then:

or P = 206 N

And:

or R = 295 N

14

PROBLEM 2.15

For the hook support of Problem 2.11, determine, using trigonometry, the

magnitude and direction of the resultant of the two forces applied to the

support knowing that P = 10 lb and = 40.

Problem 2.11: Two forces are applied as shown to a hook support. Using

trigonometry and knowing that the magnitude of P is 14 lb, determine

(a) the required angle if the resultant R of the two forces applied to the

support is to be horizontal, (b) the corresponding magnitude of R.

SOLUTION

Using the force triangle and the Law of Cosines

2

= 636.8 lb 2

R = 25.23 lb

10 lb

25.23 lb

=

sin

sin110

10 lb

sin =

sin110

25.23 lb

= 0.3724

So:

= 21.87

+ = 30

= 8.13

R = 25.2 lb

Hence:

15

8.13

PROBLEM 2.16

Solve Problem 2.1 using trigonometry

Problem 2.1: Two forces are applied to an eye bolt fastened to a beam.

Determine graphically the magnitude and direction of their resultant

using (a) the parallelogram law, (b) the triangle rule.

SOLUTION

Using the force triangle, the Law of Cosines and the Law of Sines

We have:

= 180 ( 50 + 25 )

= 105

Then:

2

= 70.226 kN 2

or

Now:

R = 8.3801 kN

8.3801 kN

6 kN

=

sin105

sin

6 kN

sin =

sin105

8.3801 kN

= 0.6916

= 43.756

R = 8.38 kN

16

18.76

PROBLEM 2.17

Solve Problem 2.2 using trigonometry

Problem 2.2: The cable stays AB and AD help support pole AC. Knowing

that the tension is 500 N in AB and 160 N in AD, determine graphically

the magnitude and direction of the resultant of the forces exerted by the

stays at A using (a) the parallelogram law, (b) the triangle rule.

SOLUTION

From the geometry of the problem:

= tan 1

2

= 38.66

2.5

= tan 1

1.5

= 30.96

2.5

Now:

R 2 = ( 500 N ) + (160 N ) 2 ( 500 N )(160 N ) cos110.38

2

= 331319 N 2

R = 575.6 N

160 N

575.6 N

=

sin

sin110.38

160 N

sin =

sin110.38

575.6 N

= 0.2606

= 15.1

= ( 90 ) + = 66.44

R = 576 N

17

66.4

PROBLEM 2.18

Solve Problem 2.3 using trigonometry

hook support. Knowing that P = 15 lb and Q = 25 lb, determine

graphically the magnitude and direction of their resultant using (a) the

parallelogram law, (b) the triangle rule.

SOLUTION

Using the force triangle and the Laws of Cosines and Sines

We have:

= 180 (15 + 30 )

= 135

Then:

2

= 1380.3 lb 2

R = 37.15 lb

or

and

25 lb 37.15 lb

=

sin

sin135

25 lb

sin =

sin135

37.15 lb

= 0.4758

= 28.41

Then:

+ + 75 = 180

= 76.59

R = 37.2 lb

18

76.6

PROBLEM 2.19

Two structural members A and B are bolted to a bracket as shown.

Knowing that both members are in compression and that the force is

30 kN in member A and 20 kN in member B, determine, using

trigonometry, the magnitude and direction of the resultant of the forces

applied to the bracket by members A and B.

SOLUTION

Using the force triangle and the Laws of Cosines and Sines

= 180 ( 45 + 25 ) = 110

We have:

Then:

R 2 = ( 30 kN ) + ( 20 kN ) 2 ( 30 kN )( 20 kN ) cos110

2

= 1710.4 kN 2

R = 41.357 kN

and

20 kN

41.357 kN

=

sin

sin110

20 kN

sin =

sin110

41.357 kN

= 0.4544

= 27.028

= + 45 = 72.028

Hence:

R = 41.4 kN

19

72.0

PROBLEM 2.20

Two structural members A and B are bolted to a bracket as shown.

Knowing that both members are in compression and that the force is

20 kN in member A and 30 kN in member B, determine, using

trigonometry, the magnitude and direction of the resultant of the forces

applied to the bracket by members A and B.

SOLUTION

Using the force triangle and the Laws of Cosines and Sines

We have:

Then:

= 180 ( 45 + 25 ) = 110

R 2 = ( 30 kN ) + ( 20 kN ) 2 ( 30 kN )( 20 kN ) cos110

2

= 1710.4 kN 2

R = 41.357 kN

and

30 kN

41.357 kN

=

sin

sin110

30 kN

sin =

sin110

41.357 kN

= 0.6816

= 42.97

Finally:

= + 45 = 87.97

R = 41.4 kN

20

88.0

PROBLEM 2.21

Determine the x and y components of each of the forces shown.

SOLUTION

20 kN Force:

Fx = + ( 20 kN ) cos 40,

Fx = 15.32 kN

Fy = + ( 20 kN ) sin 40,

Fy = 12.86 kN

Fx = ( 30 kN ) cos 70,

Fx = 10.26 kN

Fy = + ( 30 kN ) sin 70,

Fy = 28.2 kN

Fx = ( 42 kN ) cos 20,

Fx = 39.5 kN

Fy = + ( 42 kN ) sin 20,

Fy = 14.36 kN

30 kN Force:

42 kN Force:

21

PROBLEM 2.22

Determine the x and y components of each of the forces shown.

SOLUTION

40 lb Force:

Fx = ( 40 lb ) sin 50,

Fx = 30.6 lb

Fy = ( 40 lb ) cos 50,

Fy = 25.7 lb

Fx = + ( 60 lb ) cos 60,

Fx = 30.0 lb

Fy = ( 60 lb ) sin 60,

Fy = 52.0 lb

Fx = + ( 80 lb ) cos 25,

Fx = 72.5 lb

Fy = + ( 80 lb ) sin 25,

Fy = 33.8 lb

60 lb Force:

80 lb Force:

22

PROBLEM 2.23

Determine the x and y components of each of the forces shown.

SOLUTION

We compute the following distances:

OA =

( 48)2 + ( 90 )2

= 102 in.

OB =

( 56 )2 + ( 90 )2

= 106 in.

OC =

(80 )2 + ( 60 )2

= 100 in.

Then:

204 lb Force:

Fx = (102 lb )

48

,

102

Fx = 48.0 lb

Fy = + (102 lb )

90

,

102

Fy = 90.0 lb

Fx = + ( 212 lb )

56

,

106

Fx = 112.0 lb

Fy = + ( 212 lb )

90

,

106

Fy = 180.0 lb

Fx = ( 400 lb )

80

,

100

Fx = 320 lb

Fy = ( 400 lb )

60

,

100

Fy = 240 lb

212 lb Force:

400 lb Force:

23

PROBLEM 2.24

Determine the x and y components of each of the forces shown.

SOLUTION

We compute the following distances:

OA =

( 70 )2 + ( 240 )2

OB =

( 210 )2 + ( 200 )2

= 290 mm

OC =

(120 )2 + ( 225)2

= 255 mm

= 250 mm

500 N Force:

70

Fx = 500 N

250

Fx = 140.0 N

240

Fy = +500 N

250

Fy = 480 N

210

Fx = +435 N

290

Fx = 315 N

200

Fy = +435 N

290

Fy = 300 N

120

Fx = +510 N

255

Fx = 240 N

225

Fy = 510 N

255

Fy = 450 N

435 N Force:

510 N Force:

24

PROBLEM 2.25

While emptying a wheelbarrow, a gardener exerts on each handle AB a

force P directed along line CD. Knowing that P must have a 135-N

horizontal component, determine (a) the magnitude of the force P, (b) its

vertical component.

SOLUTION

(a)

P=

Px

cos 40

135 N

cos 40

or P = 176.2 N

(b)

Py = Px tan 40 = P sin 40

= (135 N ) tan 40

or Py = 113.3 N

25

PROBLEM 2.26

Member BD exerts on member ABC a force P directed along line BD.

Knowing that P must have a 960-N vertical component, determine (a) the

magnitude of the force P, (b) its horizontal component.

SOLUTION

(a)

P=

=

Py

sin 35

960 N

sin 35

or P = 1674 N

(b)

Px =

=

Py

tan 35

960 N

tan 35

or Px = 1371 N

26

PROBLEM 2.27

Member CB of the vise shown exerts on block B a force P directed along

line CB. Knowing that P must have a 260-lb horizontal component,

determine (a) the magnitude of the force P, (b) its vertical component.

SOLUTION

We note:

CB exerts force P on B along CB, and the horizontal component of P is Px = 260 lb.

Then:

Px = P sin 50

(a)

P=

Px

sin 50

260 lb

sin50

= 339.4 lb

(b)

P = 339 lb

Px = Py tan 50

Py =

Px

tan 50

260 lb

tan 50

= 218.2 lb

27

Py = 218 lb

PROBLEM 2.28

Activator rod AB exerts on crank BCD a force P directed along line AB.

Knowing that P must have a 25-lb component perpendicular to arm BC of

the crank, determine (a) the magnitude of the force P, (b) its component

along line BC.

SOLUTION

Py = 25 lb

(a)

Then:

P=

=

Py

sin 75

25 lb

sin 75

or P = 25.9 lb

(b)

Px =

=

Py

tan 75

25 lb

tan 75

or Px = 6.70 lb

28

PROBLEM 2.29

The guy wire BD exerts on the telephone pole AC a force P directed

along BD. Knowing that P has a 450-N component along line AC,

determine (a) the magnitude of the force P, (b) its component in a

direction perpendicular to AC.

SOLUTION

Note that the force exerted by BD on the pole is directed along BD, and the component of P along AC

is 450 N.

Then:

(a)

P=

450 N

= 549.3 N

cos 35

P = 549 N

(b)

Px = ( 450 N ) tan 35

= 315.1 N

Px = 315 N

29

PROBLEM 2.30

The guy wire BD exerts on the telephone pole AC a force P directed

along BD. Knowing that P has a 200-N perpendicular to the pole AC,

determine (a) the magnitude of the force P, (b) its component along

line AC.

SOLUTION

(a)

P=

Px

sin 38

200 N

sin 38

= 324.8 N

(b)

Py =

Px

tan 38

200 N

tan 38

or P = 325 N

= 255.98 N

or Py = 256 N

30

PROBLEM 2.31

Determine the resultant of the three forces of Problem 2.24.

Problem 2.24: Determine the x and y components of each of the forces

shown.

SOLUTION

F500 = (140 N ) i + ( 480 N ) j

F425 = ( 315 N ) i + ( 300 N ) j

R = F = ( 415 N ) i + ( 330 N ) j

Then:

= tan 1

R=

330

= 38.5

415

( 415 N )2 + ( 330 N )2

= 530.2 N

R = 530 N

Thus:

31

38.5

PROBLEM 2.32

Determine the resultant of the three forces of Problem 2.21.

Problem 2.21: Determine the x and y components of each of the forces

shown.

SOLUTION

F20 = (15.32 kN ) i + (12.86 kN ) j

F30 = (10.26 kN ) i + ( 28.2 kN ) j

F42 = ( 39.5 kN ) i + (14.36 kN ) j

R = F = ( 34.44 kN ) i + ( 55.42 kN ) j

Then:

= tan 1

R=

55.42

= 58.1

34.44

( 55.42 kN )2 + ( 34.44 N )2

= 65.2 kN

R = 65.2 kN

32

58.2

PROBLEM 2.33

Determine the resultant of the three forces of Problem 2.22.

Problem 2.22: Determine the x and y components of each of the forces

shown.

SOLUTION

The components of the forces were determined in 2.23.

Force

x comp. (lb)

y comp. (lb)

40 lb

30.6

25.7

60 lb

30

51.96

80 lb

72.5

Rx = 71.9

33.8

Ry = 43.86

R = Rxi + Ry j

= ( 71.9 lb ) i ( 43.86 lb ) j

tan =

43.86

71.9

= 31.38

R=

( 71.9 lb )2 + ( 43.86 lb )2

= 84.23 lb

R = 84.2 lb

33

31.4

PROBLEM 2.34

Determine the resultant of the three forces of Problem 2.23.

shown.

SOLUTION

The components of the forces were

determined in Problem 2.23.

F212 = (112.0 lb ) i + (180.0 lb ) j

F400 = ( 320 lb ) i ( 240 lb ) j

Thus

R = Rx + R y

R = ( 256 lb ) i + ( 30.0 lb ) j

Now:

tan =

= tan 1

30.0

256

30.0

= 6.68

256

and

R=

( 256 lb )2 + ( 30.0 lb )2

= 257.75 lb

R = 258 lb

34

6.68

PROBLEM 2.35

Knowing that = 35, determine the resultant of the three forces

shown.

SOLUTION

300-N Force:

Fx = ( 300 N ) cos 20 = 281.9 N

Fy = ( 300 N ) sin 20 = 102.6 N

400-N Force:

Fx = ( 400 N ) cos55 = 229.4 N

Fy = ( 400 N ) sin 55 = 327.7 N

600-N Force:

Fx = ( 600 N ) cos 35 = 491.5 N

Fy = ( 600 N ) sin 35 = 344.1 N

and

Rx = Fx = 1002.8 N

Ry = Fy = 86.2 N

R=

(1002.8 N )2 + (86.2 N )2

= 1006.5 N

Further:

tan =

= tan 1

86.2

1002.8

86.2

= 4.91

1002.8

R = 1007 N

35

4.91

PROBLEM 2.36

Knowing that = 65, determine the resultant of the three forces

shown.

SOLUTION

300-N Force:

Fx = ( 300 N ) cos 20 = 281.9 N

Fy = ( 300 N ) sin 20 = 102.6 N

400-N Force:

Fx = ( 400 N ) cos85 = 34.9 N

Fy = ( 400 N ) sin 85 = 398.5 N

600-N Force:

Fx = ( 600 N ) cos 5 = 597.7 N

Fy = ( 600 N ) sin 5 = 52.3 N

and

Rx = Fx = 914.5 N

Ry = Fy = 448.8 N

R=

( 914.5 N )2 + ( 448.8 N )2

= 1018.7 N

Further:

tan =

= tan 1

448.8

914.5

448.8

= 26.1

914.5

R = 1019 N

36

26.1

PROBLEM 2.37

Knowing that the tension in cable BC is 145 lb, determine the resultant of

the three forces exerted at point B of beam AB.

SOLUTION

Cable BC Force:

Fx = (145 lb )

Fy = (145 lb )

84

= 105 lb

116

80

= 100 lb

116

100-lb Force:

Fx = (100 lb )

3

= 60 lb

5

Fy = (100 lb )

4

= 80 lb

5

156-lb Force:

Fx = (156 lb )

12

= 144 lb

13

Fy = (156 lb )

5

= 60 lb

13

and

Rx = Fx = 21 lb,

R=

Ry = Fy = 40 lb

( 21 lb )2 + ( 40 lb )2

= 45.177 lb

Further:

tan =

= tan 1

40

21

40

= 62.3

21

R = 45.2 lb

Thus:

37

62.3

PROBLEM 2.38

Knowing that = 50, determine the resultant of the three forces

shown.

SOLUTION

The resultant force R has the x- and y-components:

Rx = Fx = (140 lb ) cos 50 + ( 60 lb ) cos85 (160 lb ) cos 50

Rx = 7.6264 lb

and

Ry = Fy = (140 lb ) sin 50 + ( 60 lb ) sin 85 + (160 lb ) sin 50

Ry = 289.59 lb

Further:

tan =

= tan 1

290

7.6

290

= 88.5

7.6

R = 290 lb

Thus:

38

88.5

PROBLEM 2.39

Determine (a) the required value of if the resultant of the three forces

shown is to be vertical, (b) the corresponding magnitude of the resultant.

SOLUTION

For an arbitrary angle , we have:

Rx = Fx = (140 lb ) cos + ( 60 lb ) cos ( + 35 ) (160 lb ) cos

Rx = Fx = (140 lb ) cos + ( 60 lb ) cos ( + 35 ) (160 lb ) cos = 0

Expanding,

cos + 3 ( cos cos 35 sin sin 35 ) = 0

Then:

tan =

cos 35

sin 35

1

3

or

cos 35

= tan 1

sin 35

1

3

= 40.265

= 40.3

(b) Now:

R = Ry = Fy = (140 lb ) sin 40.265 + ( 60 lb ) sin 75.265 + (160 lb ) sin 40.265

R = R = 252 lb

39

PROBLEM 2.40

For the beam of Problem 2.37, determine (a) the required tension in cable

BC if the resultant of the three forces exerted at point B is to be vertical,

(b) the corresponding magnitude of the resultant.

Problem 2.37: Knowing that the tension in cable BC is 145 lb, determine

the resultant of the three forces exerted at point B of beam AB.

SOLUTION

We have:

Rx = Fx =

84

12

3

TBC + (156 lb ) (100 lb )

116

13

5

Rx = 0.724TBC + 84 lb

or

and

Ry = Fy =

80

5

4

TBC (156 lb ) (100 lb )

116

13

5

Ry = 0.6897TBC 140 lb

Rx = 0.724TBC + 84 lb = 0

TBC = 116.0 lb

(b) Using

TBC = 116.0 lb

R = Ry = 0.6897 (116.0 lb ) 140 lb = 60 lb

R = R = 60.0 lb

40

PROBLEM 2.41

Boom AB is held in the position shown by three cables. Knowing that the

tensions in cables AC and AD are 4 kN and 5.2 kN, respectively,

determine (a) the tension in cable AE if the resultant of the tensions

exerted at point A of the boom must be directed along AB,

(b) the corresponding magnitude of the resultant.

SOLUTION

Then

(a) Require

Ry = Fy = 0:

TAE = 7.2909 kN

or

TAE = 7.29 kN

(b)

R = Fx

= ( 4 kN ) sin 25 ( 5.2 kN ) cos 35 ( 7.2909 kN ) cos 65

= 9.03 kN

R = 9.03 kN

41

PROBLEM 2.42

For the block of Problems 2.35 and 2.36, determine (a) the required value

of of the resultant of the three forces shown is to be parallel to the

incline, (b) the corresponding magnitude of the resultant.

Problem 2.35: Knowing that = 35, determine the resultant of the

three forces shown.

Problem 2.36: Knowing that = 65, determine the resultant of the

three forces shown.

SOLUTION

Rx = Fx = 300 N + ( 400 N ) cos + ( 600 N ) sin

(1)

(2)

tan =

Thus

600

= 1.5

400

= 56.3

(b) Substituting for in Equation (1):

Rx = 1021.1 N

R = Rx = 1021 N

42

PROBLEM 2.43

Two cables are tied together at C and are loaded as shown. Determine the

tension (a) in cable AC, (b) in cable BC.

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram

AC =

= 20 in.

BC =

( 20 in.)2 + ( 21 in.)2

= 29 in.

Fx = 0:

or

and

or

TBC =

Fy = 0:

16

21

TAC +

TBC = 0

20

29

29 4

TAC

21 5

12

20

TAC +

TBC 600 lb = 0

20

29

12

20 29 4

TAC +

TAC 600 lb = 0

20

29 21 5

TAC = 440.56 lb

Hence:

(a)

TAC = 441 lb

(b)

TBC = 487 lb

43

PROBLEM 2.44

Knowing that = 25, determine the tension (a) in cable AC, (b) in

rope BC.

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram

Force Triangle

Law of Sines:

TAC

T

5 kN

= BC =

sin115 sin 5 sin 60

(a)

TAC =

5 kN

sin115 = 5.23 kN

sin 60

TAC = 5.23 kN

(b)

TBC =

5 kN

sin 5 = 0.503 kN

sin 60

TBC = 0.503 kN

44

PROBLEM 2.45

Knowing that = 50 and that boom AC exerts on pin C a force

directed long line AC, determine (a) the magnitude of that force, (b) the

tension in cable BC.

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram

Force Triangle

Law of Sines:

FAC

TBC

400 lb

=

=

sin 25 sin 60 sin 95

(a)

FAC =

400 lb

sin 25 = 169.69 lb

sin 95

FAC = 169.7 lb

(b)

TBC =

400

sin 60 = 347.73 lb

sin 95

TBC = 348 lb

45

PROBLEM 2.46

Two cables are tied together at C and are loaded as shown. Knowing that

= 30, determine the tension (a) in cable AC, (b) in cable BC.

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram

Force Triangle

Law of Sines:

TAC

TBC

2943 N

=

=

sin 60 sin 55

sin 65

(a)

TAC =

2943 N

sin 60 = 2812.19 N

sin 65

TAC = 2.81 kN

(b)

TBC =

2943 N

sin 55 = 2659.98 N

sin 65

TBC = 2.66 kN

46

PROBLEM 2.47

A chairlift has been stopped in the position shown. Knowing that each

chair weighs 300 N and that the skier in chair E weighs 890 N, determine

that weight of the skier in chair F.

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram Point B

AB = tan 1

9.9

= 30.51

16.8

BC = tan 1

12

= 22.61

28.8

Force Triangle

TBC

1190 N

=

sin 59.49 sin 7.87

TBC = 7468.6 N

and skier) the geometry gives:

CD = tan 1

1.32

= 10.39

7.2

Force Triangle

W

7468.6 N

=

sin12.23 sin100.39

W = 1608.5 N

Finally, the skier weight = 1608.5 N 300 N = 1308.5 N

skier weight = 1309 N

47

PROBLEM 2.48

A chairlift has been stopped in the position shown. Knowing that each

chair weighs 300 N and that the skier in chair F weighs 800 N, determine

the weight of the skier in chair E.

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram Point F

EF = tan 1

12

= 22.62

28.8

DF = tan 1

1.32

= 10.39

7.2

Force Triangle

TEF

1100 N

=

sin100.39 sin12.23

TBC = 5107.5 N

and skier) the geometry gives:

AE = tan 1

9.9

= 30.51

16.8

Force Triangle

W

5107.5 N

=

sin 7.89 sin 59.49

W = 813.8 N

Finally, the skier weight = 813.8 N 300 N = 513.8 N

skier weight = 514 N

48

PROBLEM 2.49

Four wooden members are joined with metal plate connectors and are in

equilibrium under the action of the four fences shown. Knowing that

FA = 510 lb and FB = 480 lb, determine the magnitudes of the other two

forces.

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram

Fx = 0: FC + ( 510 lb ) sin15 ( 480 lb ) cos15 = 0

or FC = 332 lb

Fy = 0: FD ( 510 lb ) cos15 + ( 480 lb ) sin15 = 0

or FD = 368 lb

49

PROBLEM 2.50

Four wooden members are joined with metal plate connectors and are in

equilibrium under the action of the four fences shown. Knowing that

FA = 420 lb and FC = 540 lb, determine the magnitudes of the other two

forces.

SOLUTION

Fx = 0: FB cos15 + ( 540 lb ) + ( 420 lb ) cos15 = 0

or

FB = 671.6 lb

FB = 672 lb

or FD = 232 lb

50

PROBLEM 2.51

Two forces P and Q are applied as shown to an aircraft connection.

Knowing that the connection is in equilibrium and the P = 400 lb and

Q = 520 lb, determine the magnitudes of the forces exerted on the rods

A and B.

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram

R = P + Q + FA + FB = 0

Substituting components:

R = ( 400 lb ) j + ( 520 lb ) cos 55 i ( 520 lb ) sin 55 j

400 lb ( 520 lb ) sin 55 + FA sin 55 = 0

Thus,

FA =

= 1008.3 lb

sin 55

FA = 1008 lb

In the x-direction:

Thus,

FB = FA cos 55 ( 520 lb ) cos 55

= (1008.3 lb ) cos 55 ( 520 lb ) cos 55

= 280.08 lb

FB = 280 lb

51

PROBLEM 2.52

Two forces P and Q are applied as shown to an aircraft connection.

Knowing that the connection is in equilibrium and that the magnitudes of

the forces exerted on rods A and B are FA = 600 lb and FB = 320 lb,

determine the magnitudes of P and Q.

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram

R = P + Q + FA + FB = 0

Substituting components:

R = ( 320 lb ) i ( 600 lb ) cos 55 i + ( 600 lb ) sin 55 j

+ Pi + ( Q cos 55 ) i ( Q sin 55 ) j = 0

320 lb ( 600 lb ) cos 55 + Q cos 55 = 0

Thus,

Q=

= 42.09 lb

cos 55

Q = 42.1 lb

In the y-direction:

Thus,

P = ( 600 lb ) sin 55 Q sin 55 = 457.01 lb

P = 457 lb

52

PROBLEM 2.53

Two cables tied together at C are loaded as shown. Knowing that

W = 840 N, determine the tension (a) in cable AC, (b) in cable BC.

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram

From geometry:

The sides of the triangle with hypotenuse CB are in the ratio 8:15:17.

The sides of the triangle with hypotenuse CA are in the ratio 3:4:5.

Thus:

3

15

15

Fx = 0: TCA + TCB ( 680 N ) = 0

5

17

17

or

1

5

TCA + TCB = 200 N

5

17

(1)

and

Fy = 0:

4

8

8

TCA + TCB ( 680 N ) 840 N = 0

5

17

17

or

1

2

TCA + TCB = 290 N

5

17

(2)

(a)

TCA = 750 N

(b)

TCB = 1190 N

53

PROBLEM 2.54

Two cables tied together at C are loaded as shown. Determine the range

of values of W for which the tension will not exceed 1050 N in either

cable.

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram

From geometry:

The sides of the triangle with hypotenuse CB are in the ratio 8:15:17.

The sides of the triangle with hypotenuse CA are in the ratio 3:4:5.

Thus:

3

15

15

Fx = 0: TCA + TCB ( 680 N ) = 0

5

17

17

or

1

5

TCA + TCB = 200 N

5

17

(1)

and

Fy = 0:

4

8

8

TCA + TCB ( 680 N ) W = 0

5

17

17

or

1

2

1

TCA + TCB = 80 N + W

5

17

4

(2)

TCB = 680 N +

TCA =

17

W

28

25

W

28

TCA : TCA = 1050 N =

25

W

28

W = 1176 N

or

and

or

W = 609 N

54

17

W

28

0 W 609 N

PROBLEM 2.55

The cabin of an aerial tramway is suspended from a set of wheels that can

roll freely on the support cable ACB and is being pulled at a constant

speed by cable DE. Knowing that = 40 and = 35, that the

combined weight of the cabin, its support system, and its passengers is

24.8 kN, and assuming the tension in cable DF to be negligible,

determine the tension (a) in the support cable ACB, (b) in the traction

cable DE.

SOLUTION

Note: In Problems 2.55 and 2.56 the cabin is considered as a particle. If

considered as a rigid body (Chapter 4) it would be found that its center of

gravity should be located to the left of the centerline for the line CD to be

vertical.

Now

Fx = 0: TACB ( cos 35 cos 40 ) TDE cos 40 = 0

or

0.0531TACB 0.766TDE = 0

(1)

and

Fy = 0: TACB ( sin 40 sin 35 ) + TDE sin 40 24.8 kN = 0

or

0.0692TACB + 0.643TDE = 24.8 kN

(2)

From (1)

TACB = 14.426TDE

Then, from (2)

0.0692 (14.426TDE ) + 0.643TDE = 24.8 kN

and

(b) TDE = 15.1 kN

(a) TACB = 218 kN

55

PROBLEM 2.56

The cabin of an aerial tramway is suspended from a set of wheels that can

roll freely on the support cable ACB and is being pulled at a constant

speed by cable DE. Knowing that = 42 and = 32, that the tension

in cable DE is 20 kN, and assuming the tension in cable DF to be

negligible, determine (a) the combined weight of the cabin, its support

system, and its passengers, (b) the tension in the support cable ACB.

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram

First, consider the sum of forces in the x-direction because there is only one unknown force:

Fx = 0: TACB ( cos 32 cos 42 ) ( 20 kN ) cos 42 = 0

or

0.1049TACB = 14.863 kN

(b) TACB = 141.7 kN

Now

Fy = 0: TACB ( sin 42 sin 32 ) + ( 20 kN ) sin 42 W = 0

or

=0

(a) W = 33.1 kN

56

PROBLEM 2.57

A block of weight W is suspended from a 500-mm long cord and two

springs of which the unstretched lengths are 450 mm. Knowing that the

constants of the springs are kAB = 1500 N/m and kAD = 500 N/m,

determine (a) the tension in the cord, (b) the weight of the block.

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram At A

The sides of the triangle with hypotenuse AD are in the ratio 8:15:17.

The sides of the triangle with hypotenuse AB are in the ratio 3:4:5.

The sides of the triangle with hypotenuse AC are in the ratio 7:24:25.

Then:

FAB = k AB ( LAB Lo )

and

LAB =

( 0.44 m )2 + ( 0.33 m )2

= 0.55 m

So:

FAB = 1500 N/m ( 0.55 m 0.45 m )

= 150 N

Similarly,

FAD = k AD ( LAD Lo )

Then:

LAD =

( 0.66 m )2 + ( 0.32 m )2

= 0.68 m

= 115 N

(a)

Fx = 0:

4

7

15

(150 N ) + TAC (115 N ) = 0

5

25

17

or

TAC = 66.18 N

57

TAC = 66.2 N

(b) and

Fy = 0:

3

24

8

(150 N ) + ( 66.18 N ) + (115 N ) W = 0

5

25

17

or W = 208 N

58

PROBLEM 2.58

A load of weight 400 N is suspended from a spring and two cords which

are attached to blocks of weights 3W and W as shown. Knowing that the

constant of the spring is 800 N/m, determine (a) the value of W, (b) the

unstretched length of the spring.

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram At A

The sides of the triangle with hypotenuse AD are in the ratio 12:35:37.

The sides of the triangle with hypotenuse AC are in the ratio 3:4:5.

The sides of the triangle with hypotenuse AB are also in the ratio

12:35:37.

Then:

Fx = 0:

4

35

12

( 3W ) + (W ) + Fs = 0

5

37

37

or

Fs = 4.4833W

and

Fy = 0:

3

12

35

( 3W ) + (W ) + Fs 400 N = 0

5

37

37

Then:

3

12

35

( 3W ) + (W ) + ( 4.4833W ) 400 N = 0

5

37

37

or

W = 62.841 N

and

Fs = 281.74 N

or

W = 62.8 N

(a)

59

(b) Have spring force

Fs = k ( LAB Lo )

Where

FAB = k AB ( LAB Lo )

and

LAB =

( 0.360 m )2 + (1.050 m )2

= 1.110 m

So:

281.74 N = 800 N/m (1.110 L0 ) m

or L0 = 758 mm

60

PROBLEM 2.59

For the cables and loading of Problem 2.46, determine (a) the value of

for which the tension in cable BC is as small as possible, (b) the

corresponding value of the tension.

SOLUTION

The smallest TBC is when TBC is perpendicular to the direction of TAC

Free-Body Diagram At C

Force Triangle

= 55.0

(a)

(b)

= 2410.8 N

TBC = 2.41 kN

61

PROBLEM 2.60

Knowing that portions AC and BC of cable ACB must be equal, determine

the shortest length of cable which can be used to support the load shown

if the tension in the cable is not to exceed 725 N.

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram: C

( For T = 725 N )

Fy = 0: 2Ty 1000 N = 0

Ty = 500 N

Tx2 + Ty2 = T 2

Tx2 + ( 500 N ) = ( 725 N )

2

Tx = 525 N

By similar triangles:

BC 1.5 m

=

725

525

BC = 2.07 m

L = 2 ( BC ) = 4.14 m

L = 4.14 m

62

PROBLEM 2.61

Two cables tied together at C are loaded as shown. Knowing that the

maximum allowable tension in each cable is 200 lb, determine (a) the

magnitude of the largest force P which may be applied at C, (b) the

corresponding value of .

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram: C

Force Triangle

2 = 180 85

= 47.5

P = 2 ( 200 lb ) cos 47.5 = 270 lb

(a)

P = 270 lb

(b)

63

= 77.5

PROBLEM 2.62

Two cables tied together at C are loaded as shown. Knowing that the

maximum allowable tension is 300 lb in cable AC and 150 lb in cable BC,

determine (a) the magnitude of the largest force P which may be applied

at C, (b) the corresponding value of .

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram: C

Force Triangle

P 2 = ( 300 lb ) + (150 lb ) 2 ( 300 lb )(150 lb ) cos85

2

P = 323.5 lb

P = 324 lb

(b) Law of Sines:

sin

sin 85

=

300

323.5

sin = 0.9238

or

= 67.49

= 180 55 67.49 = 57.5

= 57.5

64

PROBLEM 2.63

For the structure and loading of Problem 2.45, determine (a) the value of

for which the tension in cable BC is as small as possible, (b) the

corresponding value of the tension.

SOLUTION

TBC must be perpendicular to FAC to be as small as possible.

Free-Body Diagram: C

(a) We observe:

Force Triangle is

a right triangle

= 55

= 55

(b)

or

TBC = 346.4 lb

65

TBC = 346 lb

PROBLEM 2.64

Boom AB is supported by cable BC and a hinge at A. Knowing that the

boom exerts on pin B a force directed along the boom and that the tension

in rope BD is 70 lb, determine (a) the value of for which the tension in

cable BC is as small as possible, (b) the corresponding value of the

tension.

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram: B

(a) Have:

where magnitude and direction of TBD are known, and the direction

of FAB is known.

= 90.0

(b) Have

= 68.93 lb

TBC = 68.9 lb

66

PROBLEM 2.65

Collar A shown in Figure P2.65 and P2.66 can slide on a frictionless

vertical rod and is attached as shown to a spring. The constant of the

spring is 660 N/m, and the spring is unstretched when h = 300 mm.

Knowing that the system is in equilibrium when h = 400 mm, determine

the weight of the collar.

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram: Collar A

Fs = k ( LAB LAB )

Have:

where:

LAB =

( 0.3 m )2 + ( 0.4 m )2

LAB = 0.3 2 m

= 0.5 m

Then:

= 49.986 N

For the collar:

Fy = 0: W +

4

( 49.986 N ) = 0

5

or W = 40.0 N

67

PROBLEM 2.66

The 40-N collar A can slide on a frictionless vertical rod and is attached

as shown to a spring. The spring is unstretched when h = 300 mm.

Knowing that the constant of the spring is 560 N/m, determine the value

of h for which the system is in equilibrium.

SOLUTION

Fy = 0: W +

or

Fs = 0

Fs = k ( LAB LAB )

Now..

Then:

( 0.3)2 + h2

hFs = 40 0.09 + h 2

or

where

LAB =

h 560

( 0.3)2 + h2

LAB = 0.3 2 m

(14h 1)

0.09 + h 2 = 4.2 2h

hm

Solving numerically,

h = 415 mm

68

PROBLEM 2.67

A 280-kg crate is supported by several rope-and-pulley arrangements as

shown. Determine for each arrangement the tension in the rope. (Hint:

The tension in the rope is the same on each side of a simple pulley. This

can be proved by the methods of Chapter 4.)

SOLUTION

(a)

T =

1

( 2746.8 N )

2

T = 1373 N

(b)

T =

1

( 2746.8 N )

2

T = 1373 N

(c)

T =

1

( 2746.8 N )

3

T = 916 N

(d)

T =

1

( 2746.8 N )

3

T = 916 N

(e)

T =

1

( 2746.8 N )

4

T = 687 N

69

PROBLEM 2.68

Solve parts b and d of Problem 2.67 assuming that the free end of the

rope is attached to the crate.

arrangements as shown. Determine for each arrangement the tension in

the rope. (Hint: The tension in the rope is the same on each side of a

simple pulley. This can be proved by the methods of Chapter 4.)

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram of pulley

and crate

(b)

T =

1

( 2746.8 N )

3

T = 916 N

(d)

T =

1

( 2746.8 N )

4

T = 687 N

70

PROBLEM 2.69

A 350-lb load is supported by the rope-and-pulley arrangement shown.

Knowing that = 25, determine the magnitude and direction of the

force P which should be exerted on the free end of the rope to maintain

equilibrium. (Hint: The tension in the rope is the same on each side of a

simple pulley. This can be proved by the methods of Chapter 4.)

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram: Pulley A

Fx = 0: 2P sin 25 P cos = 0

and

cos = 0.8452

or

= 32.3

= +32.3

For

or P = 149.1 lb

32.3

= 32.3

For

or P = 274 lb

71

32.3

PROBLEM 2.70

A 350-lb load is supported by the rope-and-pulley arrangement shown.

Knowing that = 35, determine (a) the angle , (b) the magnitude of

the force P which should be exerted on the free end of the rope to

maintain equilibrium. (Hint: The tension in the rope is the same on each

side of a simple pulley. This can be proved by the methods of Chapter 4.)

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram: Pulley A

Fx = 0: 2 P sin P cos 25 = 0

Hence:

sin =

(a)

1

cos 25

2

or = 24.2

(b)

Hence:

or

P = 145.97 lb

72

P = 146.0 lb

PROBLEM 2.71

A load Q is applied to the pulley C, which can roll on the cable ACB. The

pulley is held in the position shown by a second cable CAD, which passes

over the pulley A and supports a load P. Knowing that P = 800 N,

determine (a) the tension in cable ACB, (b) the magnitude of load Q.

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram: Pulley C

(a)

Hence

TACB = 2303.5 N

TACB = 2.30 kN

Fy = 0: TACB ( sin 30 + sin 50 ) + ( 800 N ) sin 50 Q = 0

(b)

Q = 3529.2 N

or

73

Q = 3.53 kN

PROBLEM 2.72

A 2000-N load Q is applied to the pulley C, which can roll on the cable

ACB. The pulley is held in the position shown by a second cable CAD,

which passes over the pulley A and supports a load P. Determine (a) the

tension in the cable ACB, (b) the magnitude of load P.

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram: Pulley C

P = 0.3473TACB

or

(1)

1.266TACB + 0.766P = 2000 N

or

(2)

1.266TACB + 0.766 ( 0.3473TACB ) = 2000 N

Hence:

TACB = 1305.5 N

TACB = 1306 N

P = 0.3473 (1306 N ) = 453.57 N

P = 454 N

74

PROBLEM 2.73

Determine (a) the x, y, and z components of the 200-lb force, (b) the

angles x, y, and z that the force forms with the coordinate axes.

SOLUTION

(a)

Fx = +157.0 lb

Fy = ( 200 lb ) sin 30 = 100.0 lb

Fy = +100.0 lb

Fz = ( 200 lb ) cos 30 sin 25 = 73.1996 lb

Fz = 73.2 lb

(b)

cos x =

156.98

200

or x = 38.3

cos y =

100.0

200

or y = 60.0

73.1996

200

or z = 111.5

cos z =

75

PROBLEM 2.74

Determine (a) the x, y, and z components of the 420-lb force, (b) the

angles x, y, and z that the force forms with the coordinate axes.

SOLUTION

(a)

Fx = 135.0 lb

Fy = ( 420 lb ) cos 20 = 394.67 lb

Fy = +395 lb

Fz = ( 420 lb ) sin 20 cos 70 = 49.131 lb

Fz = +49.1 lb

(b)

cos x =

134.985

420

x = 108.7

cos y =

394.67

420

y = 20.0

cos z =

49.131

420

z = 83.3

76

PROBLEM 2.75

To stabilize a tree partially uprooted in a storm, cables AB and AC are

attached to the upper trunk of the tree and then are fastened to steel rods

anchored in the ground. Knowing that the tension in cable AB is 4.2 kN,

determine (a) the components of the force exerted by this cable on the

tree, (b) the angles x, y, and z that the force forms with axes at A which

are parallel to the coordinate axes.

SOLUTION

(a)

Fx = +2.46 kN

Fy = ( 4.2 kN ) cos 50 = 2.6997 kN

Fy = 2.70 kN

Fz = ( 4.2 kN ) sin 50 sin 40 = 2.0681 kN

Fz = +2.07 kN

(b)

cos x =

2.4647

4.2

x = 54.1

77

cos y =

2.7

4.2

y = 130.0

cos z =

2.0681

4.0

z = 60.5

78

PROBLEM 2.76

To stabilize a tree partially uprooted in a storm, cables AB and AC are

attached to the upper trunk of the tree and then are fastened to steel rods

anchored in the ground. Knowing that the tension in cable AC is 3.6 kN,

determine (a) the components of the force exerted by this cable on the

tree, (b) the angles x, y, and z that the force forms with axes at A which

are parallel to the coordinate axes.

SOLUTION

(a)

Fx = 1.076 kN

Fy = ( 3.6 kN ) sin 45 = 2.546 kN

Fy = 2.55 kN

Fz = ( 3.6 kN ) cos 45 cos 25 = 2.3071 kN

Fz = +2.31 kN

(b)

cos x =

1.0758

3.6

x = 107.4

79

cos y =

2.546

3.6

y = 135.0

cos z =

2.3071

3.6

z = 50.1

80

PROBLEM 2.77

A horizontal circular plate is suspended as shown from three wires which

are attached to a support at D and form 30 angles with the vertical.

Knowing that the x component of the force exerted by wire AD on the

plate is 220.6 N, determine (a) the tension in wire AD, (b) the angles x,

y, and z that the force exerted at A forms with the coordinate axes.

SOLUTION

(a)

F =

220.6 N

= 575.95 N

sin30 sin50

F = 576 N

(b)

cos x =

Fx

220.6

=

= 0.3830

F

575.95

x = 67.5

Fy = F cos 30 = 498.79 N

cos y =

Fy

F

498.79

= 0.86605

575.95

y = 30.0

Fz = F sin 30 cos 50

= ( 575.95 N ) sin 30 cos 50

= 185.107 N

cos z =

Fz

185.107

=

= 0.32139

F

575.95

z = 108.7

81

PROBLEM 2.78

A horizontal circular plate is suspended as shown from three wires which

are attached to a support at D and form 30 angles with the vertical.

Knowing that the z component of the force exerted by wire BD on the

plate is 64.28 N, determine (a) the tension in wire BD, (b) the angles x,

y, and z that the force exerted at B forms with the coordinate axes.

SOLUTION

(a)

F =

(b)

64.28 N

= 200.0 N

sin30 sin40

F = 200 N

Fx = F sin 30 cos 40

= ( 200.0 N ) sin 30 cos 40

= 76.604 N

cos x =

Fx

76.604

=

= 0.38302

F

200.0

x = 112.5

Fy = F cos 30 = 173.2 N

cos y =

Fy

F

173.2

= 0.866

200

y = 30.0

Fz = 64.28 N

cos z =

Fz

64.28

=

= 0.3214

F

200

82

z = 108.7

PROBLEM 2.79

A horizontal circular plate is suspended as shown from three wires which

are attached to a support at D and form 30 angles with the vertical.

Knowing that the tension in wire CD is 120 lb, determine (a) the

components of the force exerted by this wire on the plate, (b) the angles

x, y, and z that the force forms with the coordinate axes.

SOLUTION

(a)

Fx = 30.0 lb

Fy = (120 lb ) cos 30 = 103.92 lb

Fy = +103.9 lb

Fz = (120 lb ) sin 30 sin 60 = 51.96 lb

Fz = +52.0 lb

(b)

cos x =

Fx

30.0

=

= 0.25

F

120

x = 104.5

Fy

cos y =

103.92

= 0.866

120

y = 30.0

cos z =

Fz

51.96

=

= 0.433

F

120

z = 64.3

83

PROBLEM 2.80

A horizontal circular plate is suspended as shown from three wires which

are attached to a support at D and form 30 angles with the vertical.

Knowing that the x component of the forces exerted by wire CD on the

plate is 40 lb, determine (a) the tension in wire CD, (b) the angles x, y,

and z that the force exerted at C forms with the coordinate axes.

SOLUTION

(a)

F =

40 lb

= 160 lb

sin30 cos60

F = 160.0 lb

(b)

Fx

40

=

= 0.25

F

160

cos x =

x = 104.5

Fy = (160 lb ) cos 30 = 103.92 lb

cos y =

Fy

F

103.92

= 0.866

160

y = 30.0

Fz = (160 lb ) sin 30 sin 60 = 69.282 lb

cos z =

Fz

69.282

=

= 0.433

F

160

z = 64.3

84

PROBLEM 2.81

Determine

the

magnitude

and

F = ( 800 lb ) i + ( 260 lb ) j ( 320 lb ) k.

direction

of

the

force

SOLUTION

F =

F = 900 lb

cos x =

Fx

800

=

= 0.8889

F

900

x = 27.3

cos y =

Fy

y = 73.2

cos z =

260

= 0.2889

900

Fz

320

=

= 0.3555

F

900

85

z = 110.8

PROBLEM 2.82

Determine

the

magnitude

and

direction

F = ( 400 N ) i (1200 N ) j + ( 300 N ) k.

of

the

force

SOLUTION

F =

Fx

400

=

= 0.30769

F

1300

cos x =

cos y =

Fy

F

cos z =

1200

= 0.92307

1300

Fz

300

=

= 0.23076

F

1300

86

F = 1300 N

x = 72.1

y = 157.4

z = 76.7

PROBLEM 2.83

A force acts at the origin of a coordinate system in a direction defined by

the angles x = 64.5 and z = 55.9. Knowing that the y component of

the force is 200 N, determine (a) the angle y, (b) the other components

and the magnitude of the force.

SOLUTION

(a) We have

( cos x )2 + ( cos y )

+ ( cos z ) = 1 cos y

2

= 1 cos y

2

) ( cos z )2

Thus, taking the negative square root, from above, we have:

cos y = 1 ( cos 64.5 ) ( cos 55.9 ) = 0.70735

2

y = 135.0

(b) Then:

F =

and

Fy

cos y

200 N

= 282.73 N

0.70735

Fx = 121.7 N

Fy = 158.5 N

F = 283 N

87

PROBLEM 2.84

A force acts at the origin of a coordinate system in a direction defined by

the angles x = 75.4 and y = 132.6. Knowing that the z component of

the force is 60 N, determine (a) the angle z, (b) the other components

and the magnitude of the force.

SOLUTION

(a) We have

( cos x )2 + ( cos y )

+ ( cos z ) = 1 cos y

2

= 1 cos y

2

) ( cos z )2

Thus, taking the negative square root, from above, we have:

cos z = 1 ( cos 75.4 ) ( cos132.6 ) = 0.69159

2

z = 133.8

(b) Then:

F =

and

Fz

60 N

=

= 86.757 N

cos z

0.69159

F = 86.8 N

Fx = 21.9 N

Fy = 58.8 N

88

PROBLEM 2.85

A force F of magnitude 400 N acts at the origin of a coordinate system.

Knowing that x = 28.5, Fy = 80 N, and Fz > 0, determine (a) the

components Fx and Fz, (b) the angles y and z.

SOLUTION

(a) Have

Fx = F cos x = ( 400 N ) cos 28.5

Fx = 351.5 N

Then:

F 2 = Fx2 + Fy2 + Fz2

( 400 N )2

So:

= ( 352.5 N ) + ( 80 N ) + Fz2

2

Hence:

Fz = +

( 400 N )2 ( 351.5 N )2 ( 80 N )2

Fz = 173.3 N

(b)

cos y =

cos z =

Fy

F

80

= 0.20

400

Fz 173.3

=

= 0.43325

F

400

89

y = 101.5

z = 64.3

PROBLEM 2.86

A force F of magnitude 600 lb acts at the origin of a coordinate system.

Knowing that Fx = 200 lb, z = 136.8, Fy < 0, determine (a) the

components Fy and Fz, (b) the angles x and y.

SOLUTION

Fz = F cos z = ( 600 lb ) cos136.8

(a)

= 437.4 lb

Fz = 437 lb

Then:

F 2 = Fx2 + Fy2 + Fz2

So:

( 600 lb )2 = ( 200 lb )2 + ( Fy )

Hence:

Fy =

+ ( 437.4 lb )

= 358.7 lb

Fy = 359 lb

(b)

cos x =

cos y =

Fy

F

Fx

200

=

= 0.333

F

600

358.7

= 0.59783

600

90

x = 70.5

y = 126.7

PROBLEM 2.87

A transmission tower is held by three guy wires anchored by bolts at B,

C, and D. If the tension in wire AB is 2100 N, determine the components

of the force exerted by the wire on the bolt at B.

SOLUTION

JJJG

BA = ( 4 m ) i + ( 20 m ) j ( 5 m ) k

BA =

F = F BA

( 4 m )2 + ( 20 m )2 + ( 5 m )2

= 21 m

JJJG

BA 2100 N

( 4 m ) i + ( 20 m ) j ( 5 m ) k

= F

=

BA

21 m

F = ( 400 N ) i + ( 2000 N ) j ( 500 N ) k

91

PROBLEM 2.88

A transmission tower is held by three guy wires anchored by bolts at B,

C, and D. If the tension in wire AD is 1260 N, determine the components

of the force exerted by the wire on the bolt at D.

SOLUTION

JJJG

DA = ( 4 m ) i + ( 20 m ) j + (14.8 m ) k

DA =

F = F DA

( 4 m )2 + ( 20 m )2 + (14.8 m )2

= 25.2 m

JJJG

DA 1260 N

( 4 m ) i + ( 20 m ) j + (14.8 m ) k

= F

=

DA

25.2 m

F = ( 200 N ) i + (1000 N ) j + ( 740 N ) k

92

PROBLEM 2.89

A rectangular plate is supported by three cables as shown. Knowing that

the tension in cable AB is 204 lb, determine the components of the force

exerted on the plate at B.

SOLUTION

JJJG

BA = ( 32 in.) i + ( 48 in.) j ( 36 in.) k

BA =

F = F BA

= 68 in.

JJJG

BA 204 lb

( 32 in.) i + ( 48 in.) j ( 36 in.) k

= F

=

BA

68 in.

F = ( 96 lb ) i + (144 lb ) j (108 lb ) k

93

PROBLEM 2.90

A rectangular plate is supported by three cables as shown. Knowing that

the tension in cable AD is 195 lb, determine the components of the force

exerted on the plate at D.

SOLUTION

JJJG

DA = ( 25 in.) i + ( 48 in.) j + ( 36 in.) k

DA =

F = F DA

= 65 in.

JJJG

DA 195 lb

( 25 in.) i + ( 48 in.) j + ( 36 in.) k

= F

=

DA

65 in.

F = ( 75 lb ) i + (144 lb ) j + (108 lb ) k

94

PROBLEM 2.91

A steel rod is bent into a semicircular ring of radius 0.96 m and is

supported in part by cables BD and BE which are attached to the ring at

B. Knowing that the tension in cable BD is 220 N, determine the

components of this force exerted by the cable on the support at D.

SOLUTION

JJJG

DB = ( 0.96 m ) i (1.12 m ) j ( 0.96 m ) k

DB =

TDB = T DB

= 1.76 m

JJJG

DB

220 N

( 0.96 m ) i (1.12 m ) j ( 0.96 m ) k

=T

=

DB 1.76 m

TDB = (120 N ) i (140 N ) j (120 N ) k

(TDB ) x

95

PROBLEM 2.92

A steel rod is bent into a semicircular ring of radius 0.96 m and is

supported in part by cables BD and BE which are attached to the ring at

B. Knowing that the tension in cable BE is 250 N, determine the

components of this force exerted by the cable on the support at E.

SOLUTION

JJJG

EB = ( 0.96 m ) i (1.20 m ) j + (1.28 m ) k

EB =

TEB = T EB

= 2.00 m

JJJG

EB

250 N

( 0.96 m ) i (1.20 m ) j + (1.28 m ) k

=T

=

EB

2.00 m

(TEB ) x

96

PROBLEM 2.93

Find the magnitude and direction of the resultant of the two forces shown

knowing that P = 500 N and Q = 600 N.

SOLUTION

P = ( 500 lb ) [ cos 30 sin15i + sin 30 j + cos 30 cos15k ]

= (112.05 lb ) i + ( 250 lb ) j + ( 418.25 lb ) k

Q = ( 600 lb ) [ cos 40 cos 20i + sin 40 j cos 40 sin 20k ]

= ( 431.91 lb ) i + ( 385.67 lb ) j (157.206 lb ) k

R = P + Q = ( 319.86 lb ) i + ( 635.67 lb ) j + ( 261.04 lb ) k

R=

= 757.98 lb

R = 758 lb

cos x =

Rx

319.86 lb

=

= 0.42199

R

757.98 lb

x = 65.0

cos y =

Ry

R

635.67 lb

= 0.83864

757.98 lb

y = 33.0

cos z =

Rz

261.04 lb

=

= 0.34439

R

757.98 lb

z = 69.9

97

PROBLEM 2.94

Find the magnitude and direction of the resultant of the two forces shown

knowing that P = 600 N and Q = 400 N.

SOLUTION

Using the results from 2.93:

P = ( 600 lb ) [ 0.2241i + 0.50 j + 0.8365k ]

Q = ( 400 lb ) [ 0.71985i + 0.64278 j 0.26201k ]

R = P + Q = (153.48 lb ) i + ( 557.11 lb ) j + ( 397.10 lb ) k

R=

= 701.15 lb

R = 701 lb

cos x =

Rx

153.48 lb

=

= 0.21890

R

701.15 lb

x = 77.4

cos y =

Ry

R

557.11 lb

= 0.79457

701.15 lb

y = 37.4

cos z =

Rz

397.10 lb

=

= 0.56637

R

701.15 lb

z = 55.5

98

PROBLEM 2.95

Knowing that the tension is 850 N in cable AB and 1020 N in cable AC,

determine the magnitude and direction of the resultant of the forces

exerted at A by the two cables.

SOLUTION

JJJG

AB = ( 400 mm ) i ( 450 mm ) j + ( 600 mm ) k

AB =

= 850 mm

JJJG

AC = (1000 mm ) i ( 450 mm ) j + ( 600 mm ) k

AC =

= 1250 mm

JJJG

( 400 mm ) i ( 450 mm ) j + ( 600 mm ) k

AB

= ( 850 N )

AB

850 mm

TAC = TAC AC = TAC

JJJG

(1000 mm ) i ( 450 mm ) j + ( 600 mm ) k

AC

= (1020 N )

AC

1250 mm

R = 1825.8 N

Then:

and

cos x =

cos y =

cos z =

R = 1826 N

1216

= 0.66601

1825.8

x = 48.2

817.2

= 0.44758

1825.8

y = 116.6

1089.6

= 0.59678

1825.8

z = 53.4

99

PROBLEM 2.96

Assuming that in Problem 2.95 the tension is 1020 N in cable AB and

850 N in cable AC, determine the magnitude and direction of the resultant

of the forces exerted at A by the two cables.

SOLUTION

JJJG

AB = ( 400 mm ) i ( 450 mm ) j + ( 600 mm ) k

AB =

= 850 mm

JJJG

AC = (1000 mm ) i ( 450 mm ) j + ( 600 mm ) k

AC =

= 1250 mm

JJJG

( 400 mm ) i ( 450 mm ) j + ( 600 mm ) k

AB

= (1020 N )

AB

850 mm

TAC = TAC AC = TAC

JJJG

(1000 mm ) i ( 450 mm ) j + ( 600 mm ) k

AC

= ( 850 N )

AC

1250 mm

R = TAB + TAC = (1160 N ) i ( 846 N ) j + (1128 N ) k

R = 1825.8 N

R = 1826 N

cos x =

1160

= 0.6353

1825.8

x = 50.6

cos y =

846

= 0.4634

1825.8

y = 117.6

1128

= 0.6178

1825.8

z = 51.8

Then:

and

cos z =

100

PROBLEM 2.97

For the semicircular ring of Problem 2.91, determine the magnitude and

direction of the resultant of the forces exerted by the cables at B knowing

that the tensions in cables BD and BE are 220 N and 250 N, respectively.

SOLUTION

For the solutions to Problems 2.91 and 2.92, we have

TBD = (120 N ) i + (140 N ) j + (120 N ) k

TBE = (120 N ) i + (150 N ) j (160 N ) k

Then:

R B = TBD + TBE

= ( 240 N ) i + ( 290 N ) j ( 40 N ) k

and

R = 378.55 N

cos x =

RB = 379 N

240

= 0.6340

378.55

x = 129.3

cos y =

290

= 0.7661

378.55

y = 40.0

cos z =

40

= 0.1057

378.55

z = 96.1

101

PROBLEM 2.98

To stabilize a tree partially uprooted in a storm, cables AB and AC are

attached to the upper trunk of the tree and then are fastened to steel rods

anchored in the ground. Knowing that the tension in AB is 920 lb and that

the resultant of the forces exerted at A by cables AB and AC lies in the yz

plane, determine (a) the tension in AC, (b) the magnitude and direction of

the resultant of the two forces.

SOLUTION

Have

TAB = ( 920 lb )( sin 50 cos 40i cos 50 j + sin 50 sin 40 j)

TAC = TAC ( cos 45 sin 25i sin 45 j + cos 45 cos 25 j)

(a)

R A = TAB + TAC

( RA ) x

( RA ) x

= Fx = 0:

=0

or

TAC = 1806.60 lb

TAC = 1807 lb

(b)

( RA ) y

( RA ) y

( RA ) z

= Fz :

= 1868.82 lb

( RA ) z

= 1610.78 lb

RA = (1868.82 lb ) j + (1610.78 lb ) k

Then:

RA = 2467.2 lb

RA = 2.47 kips

102

and

cos x =

cos y =

cos z =

0

=0

2467.2

x = 90.0

1868.82

= 0.7560

2467.2

y = 139.2

1610.78

= 0.65288

2467.2

z = 49.2

103

PROBLEM 2.99

To stabilize a tree partially uprooted in a storm, cables AB and AC are

attached to the upper trunk of the tree and then are fastened to steel rods

anchored in the ground. Knowing that the tension in AC is 850 lb and that

the resultant of the forces exerted at A by cables AB and AC lies in the yz

plane, determine (a) the tension in AB, (b) the magnitude and direction of

the resultant of the two forces.

SOLUTION

Have

TAB = TAB ( sin 50 cos 40i cos 50 j + sin 50 sin 40 j)

TAC = ( 850 lb )( cos 45 sin 25i sin 45 j + cos 45 cos 25 j)

(a)

( RA ) x

( RA ) x

=0

TAB = 432.86 lb

TAB = 433 lb

(b)

( RA ) y

( RA ) y

( RA ) z

= Fz :

= 879.28 lb

( RA ) z

= 757.87 lb

R A = ( 879.28 lb ) j + ( 757.87 lb ) k

RA = 1160.82 lb

cos x =

cos y =

RA = 1.161 kips

0

=0

1160.82

x = 90.0

879.28

= 0.75746

1160.82

y = 139.2

757.87

= 0.65287

1160.82

z = 49.2

cos z =

104

PROBLEM 2.100

For the plate of Problem 2.89, determine the tension in cables AB and AD

knowing that the tension if cable AC is 27 lb and that the resultant of the

forces exerted by the three cables at A must be vertical.

SOLUTION

With:

JJJG

AC = ( 45 in.) i ( 48 in.) j + ( 36 in.) k

AC =

= 75 in.

JJJG

AC

27 lb

( 45 in.) i ( 48 in.) j + ( 36 in.) k

=

AC

75 in.

and

JJJG

AB = ( 32 in.) i ( 48 in.) j + ( 36 in.) k

AB =

= 68 in.

JJJG

AB

T

= AB ( 32 in.) i ( 48 in.) j + ( 36 in.) k

AB 68 in.

and

JJJG

AD = ( 25 in.) i ( 48 in.) j ( 36 in.) k

AD =

= 65 in.

JJJG

AD

T

= AD ( 25 in.) i ( 48 in.) j ( 36 in.) k

AD 65 in.

105

Now

R = TAB + TAD + TAD

= TAB ( 0.4706i 0.7059 j + 0.5294k ) + (16.2 lb ) i (17.28 lb ) j + (12.96 ) k

Since R must be vertical, the i and k components of this sum must be zero.

Hence:

(1)

(2)

TAB = 244.79 lb,

TAD = 257.41 lb

TAB = 245 lb

TAD = 257 lb

106

PROBLEM 2.101

The support assembly shown is bolted in place at B, C, and D and

supports a downward force P at A. Knowing that the forces in members

AB, AC, and AD are directed along the respective members and that the

force in member AB is 146 N, determine the magnitude of P.

SOLUTION

Note that AB, AC, and AD are in compression.

Have

and

d BA =

( 220 mm )2 + (192 mm )2 + ( 0 )2

d DA =

(192 mm )2 + (192 mm )2 + ( 96 mm )2

dCA =

( 0 )2 + (192 mm )2 + ( 144 mm )2

FBA = FBA BA =

= 292 mm

= 288 mm

= 240 mm

146 N

( 220 mm ) i + (192 mm ) j

292 mm

= (110 N ) i + ( 96 N ) j

FCA = FCA CA =

FCA

(192 mm ) j (144 mm ) k

240 mm

FDA = FDA DA =

FDA

(192 mm ) i + (192 mm ) j + ( 96 mm ) k

288 mm

P = Pj

With

At A:

i-component:

(110 N ) + 0.66667 FDA = 0

or

FDA = 165 N

j-component:

(1)

k-component:

(2)

Solving (2) for FCA and then using that result in (1), gives

107

P = 279 N

PROBLEM 2.102

The support assembly shown is bolted in place at B, C, and D and

supports a downward force P at A. Knowing that the forces in members

AB, AC, and AD are directed along the respective members and that

P = 200 N, determine the forces in the members.

SOLUTION

With the results of 2.101:

FBA = FBA BA =

FBA

( 220 mm ) i + (192 mm ) j

292 mm

FCA = FCA CA =

FCA

(192 mm ) j (144 mm ) k

240 mm

FDA = FDA DA =

FDA

(192 mm ) i + (192 mm ) j + ( 96 mm ) k

288 mm

P = ( 200 N ) j

With:

At A:

i-component:

(1)

j-component:

(2)

k-component:

0.60FCA + 0.33333FDA = 0

(3)

FBA = 104.5 N,

FCA = 65.6 N,

FDA = 118.1 N

FBA = 104.5 N

FCA = 65.6 N

FDA = 118.1 N

108

PROBLEM 2.103

Three cables are used to tether a balloon as shown. Determine the vertical

force P exerted by the balloon at A knowing that the tension in cable AB

is 60 lb.

SOLUTION

The forces applied at A are:

TAB , TAC , TAD and P

i, j, k, we write

JJJG

AB = (12.6 ft ) i (16.8 ft ) j

AB = 21 ft

JJJG

AC = ( 7.2 ft ) i (16.8 ft ) j + (12.6 ft ) k

AC = 22.2 ft

JJJG

AD = (16.8 ft ) j ( 9.9 ft ) k

AD = 19.5 ft

JJJG

AB

and

TAB = TAB AB = TAB

= ( 0.6i 0.8j) TAB

AB

JJJG

AC

TAC = TAC AC = TAC

= ( 0.3242i 0.75676 j + 0.56757k ) TAC

AC

JJJG

AD

TAD = TAD AD = TAD

= ( 0.8615 j 0.50769k ) TAD

AD

109

Equilibrium Condition

F = 0: TAB + TAC + TAD + Pj = 0

Substituting the expressions obtained for TAB , TAC , and TAD and

factoring i, j, and k:

0.8615TAD + P ) j

+ ( 0.56757TAC 0.50769TAD ) k = 0

Equating to zero the coefficients of i, j, k:

0.6TAB + 0.3242TAC = 0

(1)

(2)

0.56757TAC 0.50769TAD = 0

(3)

Setting TAB = 60 lb in (1) and (2), and solving the resulting set of

equations gives

TAC = 111 lb

TAD = 124.2 lb

P = 239 lb

110

PROBLEM 2.104

Three cables are used to tether a balloon as shown. Determine the vertical

force P exerted by the balloon at A knowing that the tension in cable AC

is 100 lb.

SOLUTION

See Problem 2.103 for the figure and the analysis leading to the linear algebraic Equations (1), (2), and (3)

below:

0.6TAB + 0.3242TAC = 0

(1)

(2)

0.56757TAC 0.50769TAD = 0

(3)

Substituting TAC = 100 lb in Equations (1), (2), and (3) above, and solving the resulting set of equations

using conventional algorithms gives

TAB = 54 lb

TAD = 112 lb

P = 215 lb

111

PROBLEM 2.105

The crate shown in Figure P2.105 and P2.108 is supported by three

cables. Determine the weight of the crate knowing that the tension in

cable AB is 3 kN.

SOLUTION

The forces applied at A are:

TAB , TAC , TAD and P

where P = Pj . To express the other forces in terms of the unit vectors

i, j, k, we write

JJJG

AB = ( 0.72 m ) i + (1.2 m ) j ( 0.54 m ) k ,

AB = 1.5 m

JJJG

AC = (1.2 m ) j + ( 0.64 m ) k ,

AC = 1.36 m

JJJG

AD = ( 0.8 m ) i + (1.2 m ) j ( 0.54 m ) k ,

AD = 1.54 m

JJJG

AB

and

TAB = TAB AB = TAB

= ( 0.48i + 0.8 j 0.36k ) TAB

AB

JJJG

AC

TAC = TAC AC = TAC

= ( 0.88235j + 0.47059k ) TAC

AC

JJJG

AD

TAD = TAD AD = TAD

= ( 0.51948i + 0.77922 j 0.35065k ) TAD

AD

Equilibrium Condition with W = Wj

F = 0: TAB + TAC + TAD Wj = 0

Substituting the expressions obtained for TAB , TAC , and TAD and

factoring i, j, and k:

+ 0.77922TAD W ) j

112

Equating to zero the coefficients of i, j, k:

0.48TAB + 0.51948TAD = 0

0.8TAB + 0.88235TAC + 0.77922TAD W = 0

0.36TAB + 0.47059TAC 0.35065TAD = 0

Substituting TAB = 3 kN in Equations (1), (2) and (3) and solving the

resulting set of equations, using conventional algorithms for solving

linear algebraic equations, gives

TAC = 4.3605 kN

TAD = 2.7720 kN

W = 8.41 kN

113

PROBLEM 2.106

For the crate of Problem 2.105, determine the weight of the crate

knowing that the tension in cable AD is 2.8 kN.

Problem 2.105: The crate shown in Figure P2.105 and P2.108 is

supported by three cables. Determine the weight of the crate knowing that

the tension in cable AB is 3 kN.

SOLUTION

See Problem 2.105 for the figure and the analysis leading to the linear algebraic Equations (1), (2), and (3)

below:

0.48TAB + 0.51948TAD = 0

0.8TAB + 0.88235TAC + 0.77922TAD W = 0

0.36TAB + 0.47059TAC 0.35065TAD = 0

Substituting TAD = 2.8 kN in Equations (1), (2), and (3) above, and solving the resulting set of equations

using conventional algorithms, gives

TAB = 3.03 kN

TAC = 4.40 kN

W = 8.49 kN

114

PROBLEM 2.107

For the crate of Problem 2.105, determine the weight of the crate

knowing that the tension in cable AC is 2.4 kN.

Problem 2.105: The crate shown in Figure P2.105 and P2.108 is

supported by three cables. Determine the weight of the crate knowing that

the tension in cable AB is 3 kN.

SOLUTION

See Problem 2.105 for the figure and the analysis leading to the linear algebraic Equations (1), (2), and (3)

below:

0.48TAB + 0.51948TAD = 0

0.8TAB + 0.88235TAC + 0.77922TAD W = 0

0.36TAB + 0.47059TAC 0.35065TAD = 0

Substituting TAC = 2.4 kN in Equations (1), (2), and (3) above, and solving the resulting set of equations

using conventional algorithms, gives

TAB = 1.651 kN

TAD = 1.526 kN

W = 4.63 kN

115

PROBLEM 2.108

A 750-kg crate is supported by three cables as shown. Determine the

tension in each cable.

SOLUTION

See Problem 2.105 for the figure and the analysis leading to the linear algebraic Equations (1), (2), and (3)

below:

0.48TAB + 0.51948TAD = 0

0.8TAB + 0.88235TAC + 0.77922TAD W = 0

0.36TAB + 0.47059TAC 0.35065TAD = 0

Substituting W = ( 750 kg ) 9.81 m/s 2 = 7.36 kN in Equations (1), (2), and (3) above, and solving the

resulting set of equations using conventional algorithms, gives

TAB = 2.63 kN

TAC = 3.82 kN

TAD = 2.43 kN

116

PROBLEM 2.109

A force P is applied as shown to a uniform cone which is supported by

three cords, where the lines of action of the cords pass through the vertex

A of the cone. Knowing that P = 0 and that the tension in cord BE is

0.2 lb, determine the weight W of the cone.

SOLUTION

Note that because the line of action of each of the cords passes through the vertex A of the cone, the cords all

have the same length, and the unit vectors lying along the cords are parallel to the unit vectors lying along the

generators of the cone.

Thus, for example, the unit vector along BE is identical to the unit vector along the generator AB.

Hence:

It follows that:

AB = BE =

65

TBE = TBE BE = TBE

65

TCF = TCF CF = TCF

65

cos15i + 8 j sin15k

TDG = TDG DG = TDG

65

117

F = 0: TBE + TCF + TDG + W + P = 0

At A:

i:

or

TBE

T

T

cos 45 + CF cos 30 DG cos15 + P = 0

65

65

65

j: TBE

k:

or

8

8

8

+ TCF

+ TDG

W = 0

65

65

65

or

(1)

65

=0

8

(2)

TBE

T

T

sin 45 + CF sin 30 DG sin15 = 0

65

65

65

(3)

Solving the resulting Equations (1), (2), and (3) using conventional methods in Linear Algebra (elimination,

matrix methods or iteration with MATLAB or Maple, for example), we obtain:

TCF = 0.669 lb

TDG = 0.746 lb

W = 1.603 lb

118

PROBLEM 2.110

A force P is applied as shown to a uniform cone which is supported by

three cords, where the lines of action of the cords pass through the vertex

A of the cone. Knowing that the cone weighs 1.6 lb, determine the range

of values of P for which cord CF is taut.

SOLUTION

See Problem 2.109 for the Figure and the analysis leading to the linear algebraic Equations (1), (2), and (3)

below:

j: TBE + TCF + TDG W

65

=0

8

(1)

(2)

(3)

With W = 1.6 lb , the range of values of P for which the cord CF is taut can found by solving Equations (1),

(2), and (3) for the tension TCF as a function of P and requiring it to be positive (> 0).

Solving (1), (2), and (3) with unknown P, using conventional methods in Linear Algebra (elimination, matrix

methods or iteration with MATLAB or Maple, for example), we obtain:

TCF = ( 1.729 P + 0.668 ) lb

Hence, for TCF > 0

or

P < 0.386 lb

0 < P < 0.386 lb

119

PROBLEM 2.111

A transmission tower is held by three guy wires attached to a pin at A and

anchored by bolts at B, C, and D. If the tension in wire AB is 3.6 kN,

determine the vertical force P exerted by the tower on the pin at A.

SOLUTION

The force in each cable can be written as the product of the magnitude of

the force and the unit vector along the cable. That is, with

JJJG

AC = (18 m ) i ( 30 m ) j + ( 5.4 m ) k

AC =

(18 m )2 + ( 30 m )2 + ( 5.4 m )2

TAC = T AC = TAC

= 35.4 m

JJJG

AC

TAC

(18 m ) i ( 30 m ) j + ( 5.4 m ) k

=

35.4 m

AC

JJJG

AB = ( 6 m ) i ( 30 m ) j + ( 7.5 m ) k

and

AB =

( 6 m )2 + ( 30 m )2 + ( 7.5 m )2

TAB = T AB = TAB

= 31.5 m

JJJG

AB

TAB

( 6 m ) i ( 30 m ) j + ( 7.5 m ) k

=

AB 31.5 m

JJJG

AD = ( 6 m ) i ( 30 m ) j ( 22.2 m ) k

Finally

AD =

( 6 m )2 + ( 30 m )2 + ( 22.2 m )2

TAD = T AD = TAD

= 37.8 m

JJJG

AD

TAD

( 6 m ) i ( 30 m ) j ( 22.2 m ) k

=

AD 37.8 m

120

With P = Pj, at A:

Equating the factors of i, j, and k to zero, we obtain the linear algebraic

equations:

i : 0.1905TAB + 0.5085TAC 0.1587TAD = 0

(1)

(2)

(3)

In Equations (1), (2) and (3), set TAB = 3.6 kN, and, using conventional

methods for solving Linear Algebraic Equations (MATLAB or Maple,

for example), we obtain:

TAC = 1.963 kN

TAD = 1.969 kN

P = 6.66 kN

121

PROBLEM 2.112

A transmission tower is held by three guy wires attached to a pin at A and

anchored by bolts at B, C, and D. If the tension in wire AC is 2.6 kN,

determine the vertical force P exerted by the tower on the pin at A.

SOLUTION

Based on the results of Problem 2.111, particularly Equations (1), (2) and (3), we substitute TAC = 2.6 kN

and solve the three resulting linear equations using conventional tools for solving Linear Algebraic Equations

(MATLAB or Maple, for example), to obtain

TAB = 4.77 kN

TAD = 2.61 kN

P = 8.81 kN

122

PROBLEM 2.113

A rectangular plate is supported by three cables as shown. Knowing that

the tension in cable AC is 15 lb, determine the weight of the plate.

SOLUTION

The (vector) force in each cable can be written as the product of the

(scalar) force and the unit vector along the cable. That is, with

JJJG

AB = ( 32 in.) i ( 48 in.) j + ( 36 in.) k

AB =

TAB = T AB = TAB

= 68 in.

JJJG

AB

T

= AB ( 32 in.) i ( 48 in.) j + ( 36 in.) k

AB 68 in.

JJJG

AC = ( 45 in.) i ( 48 in.) j + ( 36 in.) k

and

AC =

TAC = T AC = TAC

= 75 in.

JJJG

AC

T

= AC ( 45 in.) i ( 48 in.) j + ( 36 in.) k

AC

75 in.

JJJG

AD = ( 25 in.) i ( 48 in.) j ( 36 in.) k

Finally,

AD =

123

= 65 in.

TAD = T AD = TAD

JJJG

AD

T

= AD ( 25 in.) i ( 48 in.) j ( 36 in.) k

AD 65 in.

With W = Wj, at A we have:

F = 0: TAB + TAC + TAD + Wj = 0

Equating the factors of i, j, and k to zero, we obtain the linear algebraic

equations:

i : 0.4706TAB + 0.60TAC 0.3846TAD = 0

(1)

(2)

(3)

In Equations (1), (2) and (3), set TAC = 15 lb, and, using conventional

methods for solving Linear Algebraic Equations (MATLAB or Maple,

for example), we obtain:

TAB = 136.0 lb

TAD = 143.0 lb

W = 211 lb

124

PROBLEM 2.114

A rectangular plate is supported by three cables as shown. Knowing that

the tension in cable AD is 120 lb, determine the weight of the plate.

SOLUTION

Based on the results of Problem 2.111, particularly Equations (1), (2) and (3), we substitute TAD = 120 lb and

solve the three resulting linear equations using conventional tools for solving Linear Algebraic Equations

(MATLAB or Maple, for example), to obtain

TAC = 12.59 lb

TAB = 114.1 lb

W = 177.2 lb

125

PROBLEM 2.115

A horizontal circular plate having a mass of 28 kg is suspended as shown

from three wires which are attached to a support D and form 30 angles

with the vertical. Determine the tension in each wire.

SOLUTION

Fx = 0: TAD sin 30 sin 50 + TBD sin 30 cos 40

+ TCD sin 30 cos 60 = 0

Dividing through by the factor sin 30 and evaluating the trigonometric

functions gives

0.7660TAD + 0.7660TBD + 0.50TCD = 0

(1)

Similarly,

Fz = 0: TAD sin 30 cos 50 + TBD sin 30 sin 40

TCD sin 30 sin 60 = 0

or

(2)

From (1)

Substituting this into (2):

TBD = 0.3573TCD

(3)

TAD = TCD

(4)

Now,

Fy = 0: TAD cos 30 TBD cos 30 TCD cos 30

+ ( 28 kg ) 9.81 m/s 2 = 0

or

126

Using (3) and (4), above:

TAD = 135.1 N

Then:

TBD = 46.9 N

TCD = 135.1 N

127

PROBLEM 2.119

A force P is applied as shown to a uniform cone which is supported by

three cords, where the lines of action of the cords pass through the vertex

A of the cone. Knowing that the cone weighs 2.4 lb and that P = 0,

determine the tension in each cord.

SOLUTION

Note that because the line of action of each of the cords passes through the vertex A of the cone, the cords all

have the same length, and the unit vectors lying along the cords are parallel to the unit vectors lying along the

generators of the cone.

Thus, for example, the unit vector along BE is identical to the unit vector along the generator AB.

Hence:

AB = BE =

65

It follows that:

cos 45i + 8 j sin 45k

TBE = TBE BE = TBE

65

TCF = TCF CF = TCF

65

cos15i + 8 j sin15k

TDG = TDG DG = TDG

65

At A:

132

Then, isolating the factors if i, j, and k we obtain three algebraic equations:

i:

TBE

T

T

cos 45 + CF cos 30 DG cos15 = 0

65

65

65

or

j: TBE

k:

or

8

8

8

+ TCF

+ TDG

W = 0

65

65

65

or

(1)

2.4

65 = 0.3 65

8

(2)

TBE

T

T

sin 45 + CF sin 30 DG sin15 P = 0

65

65

65

(3)

With P = 0, the tension in the cords can be found by solving the resulting Equations (1), (2), and (3) using

conventional methods in Linear Algebra (elimination, matrix methods or iterationwith MATLAB or Maple,

for example). We obtain

TBE = 0.299 lb

TCF = 1.002 lb

TDG = 1.117 lb

133

PROBLEM 2.120

A force P is applied as shown to a uniform cone which is supported by

three cords, where the lines of action of the cords pass through the vertex

A of the cone. Knowing that the cone weighs 2.4 lb and that P = 0.1 lb,

determine the tension in each cord.

SOLUTION

See Problem 2.121 for the analysis leading to the linear algebraic Equations (1), (2), and (3) below:

TBE cos 45 + TCF cos 30 TDG cos15 = 0

(1)

(2)

(3)

With P = 0.1 lb, solving (1), (2), and (3), using conventional methods in Linear Algebra (elimination, matrix

methods or iterationwith MATLAB or Maple, for example), we obtain

TBE = 1.006 lb

TCF = 0.357 lb

TDG = 1.056 lb

134

PROBLEM 2.121

Using two ropes and a roller chute, two workers are unloading a 200-kg

cast-iron counterweight from a truck. Knowing that at the instant shown

the counterweight is kept from moving and that the positions of points A,

B, and C are, respectively, A(0, 0.5 m, 1 m), B(0.6 m, 0.8 m, 0), and

C(0.7 m, 0.9 m, 0), and assuming that no friction exists between the

counterweight and the chute, determine the tension in each rope. (Hint:

Since there is no friction, the force exerted by the chute on the

counterweight must be perpendicular to the chute.)

SOLUTION

From the geometry of the chute:

N=

N

( 2 j + k ) = N ( 0.8944 j + 0.4472k )

5

As in Problem 2.11, for example, the force in each rope can be written as

the product of the magnitude of the force and the unit vector along the

cable. Thus, with

JJJG

AB = ( 0.6 m ) i + (1.3 m ) j + (1 m ) k

AB =

( 0.6 m )2 + (1.3 m )2 + (1 m )2

TAB = T AB = TAB

= 1.764 m

JJJG

AB

TAB

( 0.6 m ) i + (1.3 m ) j + (1 m ) k

=

AB 1.764 m

JJJG

AC = ( 0.7 m ) i + (1.4 m ) j (1 m ) k

and

AC =

( 0.7 m )2 + (1.4 m )2 + ( 1 m )2

TAC = T AC = TAC

= 1.8574 m

JJJG

AC

TAC

( 0.7 m ) i + (1.4 m ) j (1 m ) k

=

AC 1.764 m

F = 0: N + TAB + TAC + W = 0

Then:

135

With W = ( 200 kg )( 9.81 m/s ) = 1962 N, and equating the factors of i, j,

and k to zero, we obtain the linear algebraic equations:

i : 0.3436TAB + 0.3769TAC = 0

(1)

(2)

(3)

(elimination, MATLAB or Maple, for example), we obtain

N = 1311 N

TAB = 551 N

TAC = 503 N

136

PROBLEM 2.122

Solve Problem 2.121 assuming that a third worker is exerting a force

P = (180 N)i on the counterweight.

Problem 2.121: Using two ropes and a roller chute, two workers are

unloading a 200-kg cast-iron counterweight from a truck. Knowing that at

the instant shown the counterweight is kept from moving and that the

positions of points A, B, and C are, respectively, A(0, 0.5 m, 1 m),

B(0.6 m, 0.8 m, 0), and C(0.7 m, 0.9 m, 0), and assuming that no friction

exists between the counterweight and the chute, determine the tension in

each rope. (Hint: Since there is no friction, the force exerted by the chute

on the counterweight must be perpendicular to the chute.)

SOLUTION

From the geometry of the chute:

N=

N

( 2 j + k ) = N ( 0.8944 j + 0.4472k )

5

As in Problem 2.11, for example, the force in each rope can be written as

the product of the magnitude of the force and the unit vector along the

cable. Thus, with

JJJG

AB = ( 0.6 m ) i + (1.3 m ) j + (1 m ) k

AB =

( 0.6 m )2 + (1.3 m )2 + (1 m )2

TAB = T AB = TAB

= 1.764 m

JJJG

AB

TAB

( 0.6 m ) i + (1.3 m ) j + (1 m ) k

=

AB 1.764 m

JJJG

AC = ( 0.7 m ) i + (1.4 m ) j (1 m ) k

and

AC =

( 0.7 m )2 + (1.4 m )2 + ( 1 m )2

TAC = T AC = TAC

= 1.8574 m

JJJG

AC

TAC

( 0.7 m ) i + (1.4 m ) j (1 m ) k

=

AC 1.764 m

F = 0: N + TAB + TAC + P + W = 0

Then:

137

P = (180 N ) i

Where

and

= (1962 N ) j

Equating the factors of i, j, and k to zero, we obtain the linear equations:

i : 0.3436TAB + 0.3769TAC 180 = 0

j: 0.8944 N + 0.7444TAB + 0.7537TAC 1962 = 0

k : 0.4472 N 0.5726TAB 0.5384TAC = 0

(elimination, MATLAB or Maple, for example), we obtain

N = 1302 N

TAB = 306 N

TAC = 756 N

138

PROBLEM 2.123

A piece of machinery of weight W is temporarily supported by cables AB,

AC, and ADE. Cable ADE is attached to the ring at A, passes over the

pulley at D and back through the ring, and is attached to the support at E.

Knowing that W = 320 lb, determine the tension in each cable. (Hint:

The tension is the same in all portions of cable ADE.)

SOLUTION

The (vector) force in each cable can be written as the product of the (scalar) force and the unit vector along

the cable. That is, with

JJJG

AB = ( 9 ft ) i + ( 8 ft ) j (12 ft ) k

AB =

( 9 ft )2 + (8 ft )2 + ( 12 ft )2

TAB = T AB = TAB

= 17 ft

JJJG

AB

T

= AB ( 9 ft ) i + ( 8 ft ) j (12 ft ) k

17

ft

AB

and

JJJG

AC = ( 0 ) i + ( 8 ft ) j + ( 6 ft ) k

AC =

( 0 ft )2 + (8 ft )2 + ( 6 ft )2

TAC = T AC = TAC

= 10 ft

JJJG

AC

T

= AC ( 0 ft ) i + ( 8 ft ) j + ( 6 ft ) k

AC 10 ft

and

JJJG

AD = ( 4 ft ) i + ( 8 ft ) j (1 ft ) k

AD =

( 4 ft )2 + (8 ft )2 + ( 1 ft )2

TAD = T AD = TADE

= 9 ft

JJJG

AD TADE

( 4 ft ) i + ( 8 ft ) j (1 ft ) k

=

9 ft

AD

139

Finally,

JJJG

AE = ( 8 ft ) i + ( 8 ft ) j + ( 4 ft ) k

AE =

( 8 ft )2 + (8 ft )2 + ( 4 ft )2

TAE = T AE = TADE

= 12 ft

JJJG

AE TADE

( 8 ft ) i + ( 8 ft ) j + ( 4 ft ) k

=

12 ft

AE

F = 0: TAB + TAC + 2TAD Wj = 0

Equating the factors of i, j, and k to zero, we obtain the following linear algebraic equations:

0.5294TAB + 2 ( 0.4444TADE ) 0.6667TADE = 0

(1)

(2)

(3)

Knowing that W = 320 lb, we can solve Equations (1), (2) and (3) using conventional methods for solving

Linear Algebraic Equations (elimination, matrix methods via MATLAB or Maple, for example) to obtain

TAB = 46.5 lb

TAC = 34.2 lb

TADE = 110.8 lb

140

PROBLEM 2.124

A piece of machinery of weight W is temporarily supported by cables AB,

AC, and ADE. Cable ADE is attached to the ring at A, passes over the

pulley at D and back through the ring, and is attached to the support at E.

Knowing that the tension in cable AB is 68 lb, determine (a) the tension

in AC, (b) the tension in ADE, (c) the weight W. (Hint: The tension is the

same in all portions of cable ADE.)

SOLUTION

See Problem 2.123 for the analysis leading to the linear algebraic Equations (1), (2), and (3), below:

0.5294TAB + 2 ( 0.4444TADE ) 0.6667TADE = 0

(1)

(2)

(3)

Knowing that the tension in cable AB is 68 lb, we can solve Equations (1), (2) and (3) using conventional

methods for solving Linear Algebraic Equations (elimination, matrix methods via MATLAB or Maple, for

example) to obtain

(a) TAC = 50.0 lb

(b) TAE = 162.0 lb

(c)

141

W = 468 lb

PROBLEM 2.128

Solve Problem 2.127 assuming y = 550 mm.

can slide freely on frictionless rods. If a force P = (680 N) j is applied at

A, determine (a) the tension in the wire when y = 300 mm, (b) the

magnitude of the force Q required to maintain the equilibrium of the

system.

SOLUTION

From the analysis of Problem 2.127, particularly the results:

y 2 + z 2 = 0.84 m 2

TAB =

Q=

680 N

y

680 N

z

y

z 2 = 0.84 m 2 ( 0.55 m )

z = 0.733 m

and

TAB =

(a)

680 N

= 1236.4 N

0.55

TAB = 1.236 kN

or

and

Q = 1236 ( 0.866 ) N = 906 N

(b)

Q = 0.906 kN

or

147

PROBLEM 2.129

Member BD exerts on member ABC a force P directed along line BD.

Knowing that P must have a 300-lb horizontal component, determine

(a) the magnitude of the force P, (b) its vertical component.

SOLUTION

(a)

P sin 35 = 300 1b

P=

300 lb

sin 35

P = 523 lb

Pv = P cos 35

= ( 523 lb ) cos 35

Pv = 428 lb

148

PROBLEM 2.130

A container of weight W is suspended from ring A, to which cables AC

and AE are attached. A force P is applied to the end F of a third cable

which passes over a pulley at B and through ring A and which is attached

to a support at D. Knowing that W = 1000 N, determine the magnitude

of P. (Hint: The tension is the same in all portions of cable FBAD.)

SOLUTION

The (vector) force in each cable can be written as the product of the (scalar) force and the unit vector along

the cable. That is, with

JJJG

AB = ( 0.78 m ) i + (1.6 m ) j + ( 0 m ) k

AB =

( 0.78 m )2 + (1.6 m )2 + ( 0 )2

TAB = T AB = TAB

= 1.78 m

JJJG

AB

TAB

( 0.78 m ) i + (1.6 m ) j + ( 0 m ) k

=

AB 1.78 m

and

JJJG

AC = ( 0 ) i + (1.6 m ) j + (1.2 m ) k

AC =

( 0 m )2 + (1.6 m )2 + (1.2 m )2

TAC = T AC = TAC

= 2m

JJJG

AC TAC

( 0 ) i + (1.6 m ) j + (1.2 m ) k

=

AC

2m

and

JJJG

AD = (1.3 m ) i + (1.6 m ) j + ( 0.4 m ) k

AD =

TAD = T AD = TAD

= 2.1 m

JJJG

AD

T

= AD (1.3 m ) i + (1.6 m ) j + ( 0.4 m ) k

AD

2.1 m

149

Finally,

JJJG

AE = ( 0.4 m ) i + (1.6 m ) j ( 0.86 m ) k

AE =

TAE = T AE = TAE

= 1.86 m

JJJG

AE

TAE

( 0.4 m ) i + (1.6 m ) j ( 0.86 m ) k

=

AE 1.86 m

With the weight of the container W = Wj, at A we have:

F = 0: TAB + TAC + TAD Wj = 0

Equating the factors of i, j, and k to zero, we obtain the following linear algebraic equations:

0.4382TAB + 0.6190TAD 0.2151TAE = 0

(1)

(2)

(3)

Knowing that W = 1000 N and that because of the pulley system at B TAB = TAD = P, where P is the

externally applied (unknown) force, we can solve the system of linear equations (1), (2) and (3) uniquely

for P.

P = 378 N

150

PROBLEM 2.131

A container of weight W is suspended from ring A, to which cables AC

and AE are attached. A force P is applied to the end F of a third cable

which passes over a pulley at B and through ring A and which is attached

to a support at D. Knowing that the tension in cable AC is 150 N,

determine (a) the magnitude of the force P, (b) the weight W of the

container. (Hint: The tension is the same in all portions of cable FBAD.)

SOLUTION

Here, as in Problem 2.130, the support of the container consists of the four cables AE, AC, AD, and AB, with

the condition that the force in cables AB and AD is equal to the externally applied force P. Thus, with the

condition

TAB = TAD = P

and using the linear algebraic equations of Problem 2.131 with TAC = 150 N, we obtain

(a)

P = 454 N

(b) W = 1202 N

151

PROBLEM 2.125

A container of weight W is suspended from ring A. Cable BAC passes

through the ring and is attached to fixed supports at B and C. Two forces

P = Pi and Q = Qk are applied to the ring to maintain the container is

the position shown. Knowing that W = 1200 N, determine P and Q.

(Hint: The tension is the same in both portions of cable BAC.)

SOLUTION

The (vector) force in each cable can be written as the product of the

(scalar) force and the unit vector along the cable. That is, with

JJJG

AB = ( 0.48 m ) i + ( 0.72 m ) j ( 0.16 m ) k

AB =

TAB = T AB = TAB

= 0.88 m

JJJG

AB

TAB

( 0.48 m ) i + ( 0.72 m ) j ( 0.16 m ) k

=

AB 0.88 m

and

JJJG

AC = ( 0.24 m ) i + ( 0.72 m ) j ( 0.13 m ) k

AC =

TAC = T AC = TAC

= 0.77 m

JJJG

AC

TAC

( 0.24 m ) i + ( 0.72 m ) j ( 0.13 m ) k

=

0.77 m

AC

At A:

F = 0: TAB + TAC + P + Q + W = 0

142

Noting that TAB = TAC because of the ring A, we equate the factors of

i, j, and k to zero to obtain the linear algebraic equations:

i:

( 0.5455 + 0.3177 ) T

+P=0

P = 0.2338T

or

j:

( 0.8182 + 0.9351) T

W = 0

W = 1.7532T

or

k:

( 0.1818 0.1688) T

+Q =0

Q = 0.356T

or

With W = 1200 N:

T =

1200 N

= 684.5 N

1.7532

P = 160.0 N

Q = 240 N

143

PROBLEM 2.126

For the system of Problem 2.125, determine W and P knowing that

Q = 160 N.

Cable BAC passes through the ring and is attached to fixed supports at B

and C. Two forces P = Pi and Q = Qk are applied to the ring to

maintain the container is the position shown. Knowing that W = 1200 N,

determine P and Q. (Hint: The tension is the same in both portions of

cable BAC.)

SOLUTION

Based on the results of Problem 2.125, particularly the three equations relating P, Q, W, and T we substitute

Q = 160 N to obtain

T =

160 N

= 456.3 N

0.3506

W = 800 N

P = 107.0 N

144

PROBLEM 2.127

Collars A and B are connected by a 1-m-long wire and can slide freely on

frictionless rods. If a force P = (680 N) j is applied at A, determine

(a) the tension in the wire when y = 300 mm, (b) the magnitude of the

force Q required to maintain the equilibrium of the system.

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagrams of collars

( AB )2

(1 m )2

Here

= x2 + y 2 + z 2

= ( 0.40 m ) + y 2 + z 2

2

y 2 + z 2 = 0.84 m 2

or

Now

AB =

JJJG

AB

1

=

( 0.40i yj + zk ) m = 0.4i yk + zk

AB 1 m

From the F.B. Diagram of collar A:

F = 0: N xi + N zk + Pj + TAB AB = 0

Setting the j coefficient to zero gives:

P yTAB = 0

With P = 680 N,

TAB =

680 N

y

F = 0: N xi + N y j + Qk TAB AB = 0

145

Setting the k coefficient to zero gives:

Q TAB z = 0

And using the above result for TAB we have

Q = TAB z =

680 N

z

y

z 2 = 0.84 m 2 ( 0.3 m )

z = 0.866 m

and

TAB =

(a)

680 N

= 2266.7 N

0.30

TAB = 2.27 kN

or

and

Q = 2266.7 ( 0.866 ) = 1963.2 N

(b)

Q = 1.963 kN

or

146

PROBLEM 2.116

A transmission tower is held by three guy wires attached to a pin at A and

anchored by bolts at B, C, and D. Knowing that the tower exerts on the

pin at A an upward vertical force of 8 kN, determine the tension in each

wire.

SOLUTION

TAB = 0.5409 P

TAC = 0.295P

TAD = 0.2959 P

Using P = 8 kN:

TAB = 4.33 kN

TAC = 2.36 kN

TAD = 2.37 kN

128

PROBLEM 2.117

For the rectangular plate of Problems 2.113 and 2.114, determine the

tension in each of the three cables knowing that the weight of the plate is

180 lb.

SOLUTION

TAB = 0.6440 P

TAC = 0.0709 P

TAD = 0.6771P

Using P = 180 lb:

TAB = 115.9 lb

TAC = 12.76 lb

TAD = 121.9 lb

129

PROBLEM 2.118

For the cone of Problem 2.110, determine the range of values of P for

which cord DG is taut if P is directed in the x direction.

SOLUTION

From the solutions to Problems 2.109 and 2.110, have

TBE sin 45 + TCF sin 30 TDG sin15 = 0

(2)

(3)

(1 )

Multiplying (2) by sin 45 and adding the result to (3):

or

(4)

TBE ( sin 30 + sin 45 ) + TDG ( sin 30 + sin15 ) = 0.2 65 sin 30

or

130

(5)

Substituting (4) and (5) into (1) :

1.2903 1.7321TDG P 65 = 0

TDG is taut for P <

1.2903

lb

65

or 0 P < 0.1600 lb

131

PROBLEM 2.132

Two cables tied together at C are loaded as shown. Knowing that

Q = 60 lb, determine the tension (a) in cable AC, (b) in cable BC.

SOLUTION

Fy = 0: TCA Q cos 30 = 0

Q = 60 lb

With

TCA = ( 60 lb )( 0.866 )

(a)

TCA = 52.0 lb

Fx = 0: P TCB Q sin 30 = 0

(b)

P = 75 lb

With

TCB = 75 lb ( 60 lb )( 0.50 )

or TCB = 45.0 lb

152

PROBLEM 2.133

Two cables tied together at C are loaded as shown. Determine the range

of values of Q for which the tension will not exceed 60 lb in either cable.

SOLUTION

Fx = 0: TCA Q cos 30 = 0

Have

TCA = 0.8660 Q

or

TCA 60 lb

Then for

0.8660Q < 60 lb

Q 69.3 lb

or

Fy = 0: TCB = P Q sin 30

From

or

TCB = 75 lb 0.50Q

For

TCB 60 lb

75 lb 0.50Q 60 lb

0.50Q 15 lb

or

Q 30 lb

Thus,

30.0 Q 69.3 lb

Therefore,

153

PROBLEM 2.134

A welded connection is in equilibrium under the action of the four forces

shown. Knowing that FA = 8 kN and FB = 16 kN, determine the

magnitudes of the other two forces.

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram of

Connection

Fx = 0:

3

3

FB FC FA = 0

5

5

FA = 8 kN, FB = 16 kN

With

FC =

4

4

(16 kN ) (8 kN )

5

5

FC = 6.40 kN

Fy = 0: FD +

3

3

FB FA = 0

5

5

FD =

3

3

(16 kN ) (8 kN )

5

5

FD = 4.80 kN

154

PROBLEM 2.135

A welded connection is in equilibrium under the action of the four forces

shown. Knowing that FA = 5 kN and FD = 6 kN, determine the

magnitudes of the other two forces.

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram of

Connection

Fy = 0: FD

3

3

FA + FB = 0

5

5

FB = FD +

or

3

FA

5

FA = 5 kN, FD = 8 kN

With

FB =

5

3

6 kN + ( 5 kN )

3

5

FB = 15.00 kN

Fx = 0: FC +

FC =

=

4

4

FB FA = 0

5

5

4

( FB FA )

5

4

(15 kN 5 kN )

5

FC = 8.00 kN

155

PROBLEM 2.136

Collar A is connected as shown to a 50-lb load and can slide on a

frictionless horizontal rod. Determine the magnitude of the force P

required to maintain the equilibrium of the collar when (a) x = 4.5 in.,

(b) x = 15 in.

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram of Collar

(a)

Triangle Proportions

Fx = 0: P +

4.5

( 50 lb ) = 0

20.5

or P = 10.98 lb

(b)

Triangle Proportions

Fx = 0: P +

15

( 50 lb ) = 0

25

or P = 30.0 lb

156

PROBLEM 2.137

Collar A is connected as shown to a 50-lb load and can slide on a

frictionless horizontal rod. Determine the distance x for which the collar

is in equilibrium when P = 48 lb.

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram of Collar

Triangle Proportions

Hence:

Fx = 0: 48 +

x =

or

50 x

400 + x 2

=0

48

400 + x 2

50

x 2 = 0.92 lb 400 + x 2

x 2 = 4737.7 in 2

x = 68.6 in.

157

PROBLEM 2.138

A frame ABC is supported in part by cable DBE which passes through a

frictionless ring at B. Knowing that the tension in the cable is 385 N,

determine the components of the force exerted by the cable on the

support at D.

SOLUTION

The force in cable DB can be written as the product of the magnitude of the force and the unit vector along the

cable. That is, with

JJJG

DB = ( 480 mm ) i ( 510 mm ) j + ( 320 mm ) k

DB =

F = F DB

= 770 mm

JJJG

DB

385 N

( 480 mm ) i ( 510 mm ) j + ( 320 mm ) k

= F

=

DB

770 mm

F = ( 240 N ) i ( 255 N ) j + (160 N ) k

158

PROBLEM 2.139

A frame ABC is supported in part by cable DBE which passes through a

frictionless ring at B. Determine the magnitude and direction of the

resultant of the forces exerted by the cable at B knowing that the tension

in the cable is 385 N.

SOLUTION

The force in each cable can be written as the product of the magnitude of the force and the unit vector along

the cable. That is, with

JJJG

BD = ( 0.48 m ) i + ( 0.51 m ) j ( 0.32 m ) k

BD =

TBD = T BD = TBD

= 0.77 m

JJJG

BD

TBD

( 0.48 m ) i + ( 0.51 m ) j ( 0.32 m ) k

=

BD 0.77 m

and

JJJG

BE = ( 0.27 m ) i + ( 0.40 m ) j ( 0.6 m ) k

BE =

TBE = T BE = TBE

= 0.770 m

JJJG

BD

TBE

( 0.26 m ) i + ( 0.40 m ) j ( 0.6 m ) k

=

BD 0.770 m

Now, because of the frictionless ring at B, TBE = TBD = 385 N and the force on the support due to the two

cables is

F = 385 N ( 0.6234i + 0.6623j 0.4156k 0.3506i + 0.5195 j 0.7792k )

159

The magnitude of the resultant is

F =

= 747.83 N

or F = 748 N

The direction of this force is:

x = cos 1

375

747.83

or x = 120.1

y = cos 1

455

747.83

or y = 52.5

z = cos 1

460

747.83

or z = 128.0

160

PROBLEM 2.140

A steel tank is to be positioned in an excavation. Using trigonometry,

determine (a) the magnitude and direction of the smallest force P for

which the resultant R of the two forces applied at A is vertical, (b) the

corresponding magnitude of R.

SOLUTION

Force Triangle

P = ( 425 lb ) cos 30

or P = 368 lb

R = ( 425 lb ) sin 30

(b)

or R = 213 lb

161

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