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# TUM School of Management

## Production and Supply Chain Management

Prof Martin Grunow

## Quality Engineering & Management

Session 3.1: The Normal Distribution

## Dr. Holly Ott

Production and Supply Chain Management
Chair: Prof. Martin Grunow
TUM School of Management

Holly Ott

## TUM School of Management

Production and Supply Chain Management
Prof Martin Grunow

## Technische Universitt Mnchen

Learning Objectives
Discuss the Normal probability distribution for continuous random
variables, the context in which it is useful, and its important
characteristics.
Use the standard normal distribution table to calculate population
proportions.
Perform the transformation of any normally distributed random
variables to the standard normal and calculate population
proportions.
Understand the effect of centering a process and reducing the
variability of a process

Holly Ott

## TUM School of Management

Production and Supply Chain Management
Prof Martin Grunow

## The Normal Distribution

A random variable X is said to have the normal distribution with
parameters and 2, if its probability density function is given by:

1
f (x ) =
e
2

1 x 2

X ~ N(,2)

## 2012 from "A First Course in Quality Engineering: Integrating Statistical

and Management Methods of Quality" by K.S. Krishnamoorthi. Reproduced
by permission of Taylor and Francis Group, LLC, a division of Informa plc.
Holly Ott

## TUM School of Management

Production and Supply Chain Management
Prof Martin Grunow

Holly Ott

## TUM School of Management

Production and Supply Chain Management
Prof Martin Grunow

f(x)

## 1. It is asymptotic with respect to

the x-axis
2. It is symmetric with respect to
a vertical line at x =
3. The maximum value of f(x)
occurs at x =
x

## 4. The two points of inflexion

occur at distances on each
side of

## 2012 from "A First Course in Quality Engineering: Integrating Statistical

and Management Methods of Quality" by K.S. Krishnamoorthi. Reproduced
by permission of Taylor and Francis Group, LLC, a division of Informa plc.
Holly Ott

## TUM School of Management

Production and Supply Chain Management
Prof Martin Grunow

f(x)

x
Holly Ott

## TUM School of Management

Production and Supply Chain Management
Prof Martin Grunow

## Technische Universitt Mnchen

Practice
If you are interested, you can now watch a
video of a normally distributed variable.
Then continue to the next Lecture 3-1-2.

Holly Ott