BOEF

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BOEF

© All Rights Reserved

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Program Description:

"BOEF" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of analysis a finite length beam with free ends

supported continuously on an elastic foundation. This program is ideally suited for analyzing a soil supported beam,

a combined footing, or a strip of a slab or a mat. Specifically, the beam shear, moment, deflection, and soil bearing

pressure are calculated for 100 equal beam segments, as well as the maximum values. Plots of both the shear,

moment, and soil bearing pressure diagrams are produced, as well as a tabulation of the shear, moment,

deflection, and bearing pressure for the beam.

This program is a workbook consisting of two (2) worksheets, described as follows:

Worksheet Name

Description

Doc

Beam on Elastic Foundation

Beam on elastic foundation analysis

1. The following reference was used in the development of this program (see below):

"Formulas for Stress and Strain" - Fifth Edition

by Raymond R. Roark and Warren C. Young, McGraw-Hill Book Company (1975), pages 128 to 146.

2. This program uses the equations for a "finite-length" beam in the analysis. This usually gives very similar to

exact results for a "semi-infinite" beam which has had end-corrections applied to "force" the moment and shear

values to be equal to zero at the ends. (Note: a "semi-infinite" beam is defined as one that has a *L value > 6.)

3. This program uses the five (5) additional following assumptions as a basis for analysis:

a. Beam must be of constant cross section (E and I are constant for entire length, L).

b. Beam must have both ends "free". ("Pinned" or "fixed" ends are not permitted.)

c. Elastic support medium (soil) has a constant modulus of subgrade, K, along entire length of beam.

d. Applied loads are located in the center of the width, W, of the beam and act along a centroidal line of the

beam-soil contact area.

e. Bearing pressure is linearly proportional to the deflection, and varies as a function of subgrade modulus, K.

4. This program can handle up to twelve (12) concentrated (point) loads, a full uniformly distributed load with up to

six (6) additional full or partial uniformly distributed loads, and up to four (4) externally applied moments.

5. Beam self-weight is NOT automatically included in the program analysis, but may be accounted for as a full

uniformly distributed applied load. Beam self-weight will only affect the deflection and bearing pressure, and not

the moment or shear.

6. This program will calculate the maximum positive and negative shears, the maximum positive and negative

moments, the maximum negative deflection, and the maximum soil bearing pressure. The calculated values

for the maximum shears, maximum moments, deflection, and bearing pressure are determined from dividing

the beam into 100 equal segments with 101 points, and including all of the point load and applied moment

locations as well.

7. The user is given the ability to input four (4) specific locations from the left end of the beam to calculate the

shear, moment, deflection, and bearing pressure.

8. The plots of the shear, moment, and bearing pressure diagrams as well as the displayed tabulation of shear,

moment, deflection, and bearing pressure are based on the beam being divided up into 100 equal segments

with 101 points.

9. This program contains numerous comment boxes which contain a wide variety of information including

explanations of input or output items, equations used, data tables, etc. (Note: presence of a comment box

is denoted by a red triangle in the upper right-hand corner of a cell. Merely move the mouse pointer to the

desired cell to view the contents of that particular "comment box".)

Formulas Used to Determine Shear, Moment, Slope, Deflection, and Pressure in Beam on Elastic Foundation

General Constants and Functions:

I = W*T^3/12

= ((K*W)/(4*E*144*I))^(1/4)

F1 = COSH(*x)*COS(*x)

F2 = COSH(*x)*SIN(*x) + SINH(*x)*COS(*x)

F3 = SINH(*x)*SIN(*x)

F4 = COSH(*x)*SIN(*x) - SINH(*x)*COS(*x)

C1 = COSH(*L)*COS(*L)

C2 = COSH(*L)*SIN(*L) + SINH(*L)*COS(*L)

C3 = SINH(*L)*SIN(*L)

C4 = COSH(*L)*SIN(*L) - SINH(*L)*COS(*L)

C11 = SINH(*L)^2 - SIN(*L)^2

Specific Constants and Functions:

Ca2 = COSH(*(L-b))*SIN(*(L-b)) + SINH(*(L-b))*COS(*(L-b))

Ca3 = SINH(*(L-b))*SIN(*(L-b))

Cb2 = COSH(*(L-e))*SIN(*(L-e)) + SINH(*(L-e))*COS(*(L-e))

Cb3 = SINH(*(L-e))*SIN(*(L-e))

Fa1 =

Fa2 =

Fa3 =

Fa4 =

Fa5 =

If x > b:

COSH(*(x-b))*COS(*(x-b))

COSH(*(x-b))*SIN(*(x-b)) + SINH(*(x-b))*COS(*(x-b))

SINH(*(x-b))*SIN(*(x-b))

COSH(*(x-b))*SIN(*(x-b)) - SINH(*(x-b))*COS(*(x-b))

1- Fa1

If x > e:

COSH(*(x-e))*COS(*(x-e))

COSH(*(x-e))*SIN(*(x-e)) + SINH(*(x-e))*COS(*(x-e))

SINH(*(x-e))*SIN(*(x-e))

COSH(*(x-e))*SIN(*(x-e)) - SINH(*(x-e))*COS(*(x-e))

Fb1 =

Fb2 =

Fb3 =

Fb4 =

Fb5 = 1- Fb1

else:

else:

else:

else:

else:

Fa1 =

Fa2 =

Fa3 =

Fa4 =

Fa5 =

0

0

0

0

-Fa1

else:

else:

else:

else:

else:

Fb1 =

Fb2 =

Fb3 =

Fb4 =

Fb5 =

0

0

0

0

-Fb1

Loading functions for each uniform or distributed load evaluated at distance x = L from left end of beam:

Va = 0

Ma = 0

a = w/(2*E*144*I*^3)*(C2*Ca3-C3*Ca2)/C11

a = w/(4*E*144*I*^4)*(C4*Ca2-2*C3*Ca3)/C11

Loading functions for each uniform or distributed load evaluated at distance = x from left end of beam:

Fvx = Va*F1 - a*2*(E*144)*I*^3*F2 - a*2*(E*144)*I*^2*F3 - Ma**F4 - w/(2*)*Fa2

Fmx = Ma*F1 + Va/(2*)*F2 - a*2*(E*144)*I*^2*F3 - a*(E*144)*I**F4 - w/(2*^2)*Fa3

Fx = a*F1 + Ma/(2*E*144*I*)*F2 + Va/(2*E*144*I*^2)*F3 - a**F4 - w/(4*E*144*I*^3)*Fa4

Fx = a*F1 + a/(2*)*F2 + Ma/(2*E*144*I*^2)*F3 + Va/(4*E*144*I*^3)*F4 - w/(4*E*144*I*^4)*Fa5

Specific Constants and Functions:

Ca1 = COSH(*(L-a))*COS(*(L-a))

Ca2 = COSH(*(L-a))*SIN(*(L-a)) + SINH(*(L-a))*COS(*(L-a))

If x > a:

Fa1 = COSH(*(x-a))*COS(*(x-a))

Fa2 = COSH(*(x-a))*SIN(*(x-a)) + SINH(*(x-a))*COS(*(x-a))

Fa3 = SINH(*(x-a))*SIN(*(x-a))

Fa4 = COSH(*(x-a))*SIN(*(x-a)) - SINH(*(x-a))*COS(*(x-a))

else:

else:

else:

else:

Fa1 =

Fa2 =

Fa3 =

Fa4 =

0

0

0

0

Loading functions for each point load evaluated at distance x = L from left end of beam:

Va = 0

Ma = 0

a = P/(2*E*144*I*^2)*(C2*Ca2-2*C3*Ca1)/C11

a = P/(2*E*144*I*^3)*(C4*Ca1-C3*Ca2)/C11

Loading functions for each point load evaluated at distance = x from left end of beam:

Fvx = Va*F1 - a*2*(E*144)*I*^3*F2 - a*2*(E*144)*I*^2*F3 - Ma**F4 - P*Fa1

Fmx = Ma*F1 + Va/(2*)*F2 - a*2*(E*144)*I*^2*F3 - a*(E*144)*I**F4 - P/(2*)*Fa2

Fx = a*F1 + Ma/(2*E*144*I*)*F2 + Va/(2*E*144*I*^2)*F3 - a**F4 - P/(2*E*144*I*^2)*Fa3

Fx = a*F1 + a/(2*)*F2 + Ma/(2*E*144*I*^2)*F3 + Va/(4*E*144*I*^3)*F4 - P/(4*E*144*I*^3)*Fa4

For Applied Moments:

Specific Constants and Functions:

Ca1 = COSH(*(L-c))*COS(*(L-c))

Ca4 = COSH(*(L-c))*SIN(*(L-c)) - SINH(*(L-c))*COS(*(L-c))

Fa1 =

Fa2 =

Fa3 =

Fa4 =

If x > c:

COSH(*(x-c))*COS(*(x-c))

COSH(*(x-c))*SIN(*(x-c)) + SINH(*(x-c))*COS(*(x-c))

SINH(*(x-c))*SIN(*(x-c))

COSH(*(x-c))*SIN(*(x-c)) - SINH(*(x-c))*COS(*(x-c))

else:

else:

else:

else:

Fa1 =

Fa2 =

Fa3 =

Fa4 =

Loading functions for each applied moment evaluated at distance x = L from left end of beam:

Va = 0

Ma = 0

a = -M/(E*144*I*)*(C3*Ca4+C2*Ca1)/C11

a = M/(2*E*144*I*^2)*(2*C3*Ca1+C4*Ca4)/C11

Loading functions for each applied moment evaluated at distance = x from left end of beam:

Fvx = Va*F1 - a*2*(E*144)*I*^3*F2 - a*2*(E*144)*I*^2*F3 - Ma**F4 - M/(2*)*Fa2

Fmx = Ma*F1 + Va/(2*)*F2 - a*2*(E*144)*I*^2*F3 - a*(E*144)*I**F4 - M*Fa1

Fx = a*F1 + Ma/(2*E*144*I*)*F2 + Va/(2*E*144*I*^2)*F3 - a**F4 - M/(2*E*144*I*)*Fa2

Fx = a*F1 + a/(2*)*F2 + Ma/(2*E*144*I*^2)*F3 + Va/(4*E*144*I*^3)*F4 - M/(2*E*144*I*^2)*Fa3

Summations of shear, moment, slope, and deflection at distance = x from left end of beam:

Shear:

Moment:

Slope:

Deflection:

Pressure:

(Fvx)

(Fmx)

(Fx)

(Fx)

Qx = x*K

Vx =

Mx =

x =

x =

0

0

0

0

"BOEF.xls" Program

Version 1.2

For Soil Supported Beam, Combined Footing, Slab Strip or Mat Strip

of Assumed Finite Length with Both Ends Free

Subject:

Originator:

Checker:

Job Name:

Job Number:

Input Data:

Beam Data:

e

b

Length, L = 25.0000

Width, W = 4.0000

Thickness, T = 0.7500

Modulus, E =

3600

Subgrade, K =

100

Inertia, I = 0.141

ft.

+P

+wb

ft.

ft.

+we

+M

+w

ksi

pci

ft.^4

Subgrade

E,I

Beam Loadings:

Nomenclature

Full Uniform:

w=

0.6000

Distributed:

b (ft.)

Results:

kips/ft.

Start

End

wb (kips/ft.)

e (ft.)

we (kips/ft.)

#1:

#2:

#3:

#4:

=

*L =

#5:

#6:

Point Loads:

#1:

#2:

for *L <= /4

beam is rigid

for /4 < *L <

beam is semi-rigid

for *L >=

beam is flexible

for *L >= 6

beam is semi-infinite long

a (ft.)

5.0000

20.0000

P (kips)

8.00

12.00

0.221

5.52

= ((K*W)/(4*E*144*I))^(1/4)

*L = Flexibility Factor

Beam is flexible

#3:

#4:

#5:

+V(max) =

6.27

k

@x=

-V(max) = -5.73 k

@x=

20.00

20.00

ft.

+M(max) = 13.00 ft-k

@x=

-M(max) = -4.95 ft-k

@x=

20.00

12.75

ft.

(max) = -0.034 in.

@x=

20.25

ft.

Q(max) = 0.494 ksf

@x=

20.25

ft.

ft.

#6:

#7:

#8:

#9:

ft.

#10:

#11:

#12:

Moments:

c (ft.)

M (ft-kips)

#1:

#2:

#3:

#4:

4 of 5

07/15/2015 23:20:30

0.0000

0.5000

1.0000

1.5000

2.0000

2.5000

3.0000

3.5000

4.0000

4.5000

5.0000

5.5000

6.0000

6.5000

7.0000

7.5000

8.0000

8.5000

9.0000

9.5000

10.0000

10.5000

11.0000

11.5000

12.0000

12.5000

13.0000

13.5000

14.0000

14.5000

15.0000

15.5000

16.0000

16.5000

17.0000

17.5000

18.0000

18.5000

19.0000

19.5000

20.0000

20.5000

21.0000

21.5000

22.0000

22.5000

23.0000

23.5000

24.0000

24.5000

25.0000

-2.00

-6.00

0.600

9.5000

5 of 5

19.0000

19.5000

20.0000

20.5000

21.0000

21.5000

22.0000

22.5000

23.0000

23.5000

24.0000

24.5000

25.0000

19.0000

19.5000

20.5000

21.0000

21.5000

22.0000

22.5000

23.0000

23.5000

24.0000

24.5000

25.0000

20.0000

18.5000

17.0000

16.0000

14.5000

18.0000

18.5000

13.5000

12.5000

13.0000

12.0000

11.0000

11.5000

17.5000

0.00

18.0000

2.00

17.5000

4.00

16.5000

17.0000

6.00

16.5000

8.00

15.5000

16.0000

10.00

15.0000

12.00

15.5000

Moment Diagram

15.0000

x (ft.)

14.0000

14.5000

-4.00

14.0000

13.5000

13.0000

12.5000

12.0000

-6.00

11.5000

11.0000

10.5000

9.5000

10.0000

10.5000

-2.00

10.0000

8.5000

9.0000

8.0000

7.0000

7.5000

6.5000

5.5000

6.0000

4.5000

5.0000

4.0000

3.0000

3.5000

2.5000

1.5000

2.0000

1.0000

0.0000

0.5000

Shear (kips)

8.00

9.0000

14.00

8.5000

8.0000

7.5000

7.0000

6.5000

6.0000

5.5000

5.0000

4.5000

4.0000

3.5000

3.0000

2.5000

2.0000

1.5000

1.0000

0.5000

0.0000

Moment (ft-kips)

"BOEF.xls" Program

Version 1.2

Shear Diagram

6.00

4.00

2.00

0.00

-4.00

x (ft.)

0.000

0.100

0.200

0.300

0.400

0.500

x (ft.)

07/15/2015 23:20:31

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