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You are on page 1of 4

1. State the Existence and Uniqueness theorem for linear, second order differential equations (non-homogeneous is the most general form):

2. True or False?

(a) The characteristic equation for y 00 + y 0 + y = 1 is r2 + r + 1 = 1

(b) The characteristic equation for y 00 + xy 0 + ex y = 0 is r2 + xr + ex = 0

(c) The function y = 0 is always a solution to a second order linear homogeneous

differential equation.

(d) In using the Method of Undetermined Coefficients, the ansatz yp = (Ax2 + Bx +

C)(D sin(x) + E cos(x)) is equivalent to

yp = (Ax2 + Bx + C) sin(x) + (Dx2 + Ex + F ) cos(x)

3. Find values of a for which any solution to:

y 00 + 10y 0 + ay = 0

will tend to zero (that is, limt0 y(t) = 0.

4.

Can these be two solutions to a second order linear homogeneous differential

equation? Be specific. (Hint: Abels Theorem)

operator linear? Show that your answer is true by using the definition of a linear

operator.

6. Find the solution to the initial value problem:

3t

u + u = 3(2 t)

0

00

Undetermined Coefficients.

if 0 t

if < t < 2

if t 2

u(0) = 0 u0 (0) = 0

Take the limit of your answer from Question 6 as 0 .

9. For the following question, recall that the acceleration due to gravity is 32 ft/sec2 .

An 8 pound weight is attached to a spring from the ceiling. When the weight comes

to rest at equilibrium, the spring has been stretched 2 feet. The damping constant for

the system is 1lb-sec/ft. If the weight is raised 6 inches above equilibrium and given

an upward velocity of 1 ft/sec, find the equation of motion for the weight. Write the

solution as R cos(t ), if possible.

10. Given that y1 =

1

t

t2 y 00 2y = 0

11. Suppose a mass of 0.01 kg is suspended from a spring, and the damping factor is

= 0.05. If there is no external forcing, then what would the spring constant have to

be in order for the system to critically damped? underdamped?

12. Give the full solution, using any method(s). If there is an initial condition, solve the

initial value problem.

(a) y 00 + 4y 0 + 4y = t2 e2t

(b) y 00 2y 0 + y = tet + 4, y(0) = 1, y 0 (0) = 1.

(c) y 00 + 4y = 3 sin(2t), y(0) = 2, y 0 (0) = 1.

00

(d) y + 9y =

N

X

bm cos(mt)

m=1

13. Rewrite the expression in the form a + ib: (i) 2i1 (ii) e(32i)t (iii) ei

15. Find a second order linear differential equation with constant coefficients whose general

solution is given by:

1

y(t) = C1 + C2 et + t2 t

2

16. Determine the longest interval for which the IVP is certain to have a unique solution

(Do not solve the IVP):

t(t 4)y 00 + 3ty 0 + 4y = 2

y(3) = 0 y 0 (3) = 1

If L(3e2t ) = 9e2t and L(t2 + 3t) = 5t2 + 3t 16, what is the particular solution to:

L(y) = 10t2 6t + 32 + e2t

t2 y 00 + 2ty 0 2y = 0

19. If x = ln(t) and y = dy/dt, then verify that

dy

= t y

dx

d2 y

= t2 y + ty

dx2

and

20. Use Variation of Parameters to find a particular solution to the following, then verify

your answer using the Method of Undetermined Coefficients:

4y 00 4y 0 + y = 16et/2

21. Compute the Wronskian of two solutions of the given DE without solving it:

x2 y 00 + xy 0 + (x2 2 )y = 0

22. If y 00 y 0 6y = 0, with y(0) = 1 and y 0 (0) = , determine the value(s) of so that

the solution tends to zero as t .

23. Show that the period

q of motion of an undamped vibration of a mass hanging from a

vertical spring is 2 L/g, where L is the elongation of the spring due to the mass and

g is the acceleration due to gravity.

24. Give the general solution to y 00 + y =

1

sin(t)

+t

25. A mass of 0.5 kg stretches a spring to 0.05 meters. (i) Find the spring constant. (ii)

Does a stiff spring have a large spring constant or a small spring constant (explain).

26. A mass of 12 kg is attached to a spring with spring constant 2 (kg/sec2 ). The spring is

pulled down an additional 1 meter then released. Find the equation of motion if the

damping constant is c = 2 as well:

27. Match the solution curve to its IVP (There is one DE with no graph, and one graph

with no DE- You should not try to completely solve each DE).

(a) 5y 00 + y 0 + 5y = 0, y(0) = 10, y 0 (0) = 0

(b) y 00 + 5y 0 + y = 0, y(0) = 10, y 0 (0) = 0

(c) y 00 + y 0 + 54 y = 0, y(0) = 10, y 0 (0) = 0

(d) 5y 00 + 5y = 4 cos(t), y(0) = 0, y 0 (0) = 0

(e) y 00 + 21 y 0 + 2y = 10, y(0) = 0, y 0 (0) = 0

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