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Current Update MCQs

Which of the following statements are correct?


1. USA is the highest emitter of carbon dioxide annually.
2. China tops in per capita carbon dioxide emission.
3. USA made climate change deal with China on lines
of Kyoto Protocol.
Codes :

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 3 only
(d) None of these
2. Which of the following statements are correct regarding
Sunderbans region?

1. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

2. It is the largest Mangrove forest in the world.

3. It is a home to rare Irrawaddy and Ganges dolphins.

4. Sela river flows through Sunderbans.
Codes :

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only
(b) 3 and 4 only

(c) 1, 2 and 4 only
(d) All of these
3. Which of the following statements are correct?

1. Sambhar Lake is the largest wetland of India under
Ramsar list.

2. Sepahijala Sanctuary is located in Tripura.
Codes :

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 Nor 2
4. Which of the following statements regarding Ashtamudi
lake are correct?

1. It is the largest estuarine system in India

2. It is listed as a site of International importance in
Ramsar Wetland.

3. Its Clam governing council is the first fishery
Certified in India by the Marine Stewardship Council
Codes :

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) All of these
5. Which of the following statements are correct?

1. Green diesel is produced from molasses of sugarcane.

2. It is a true hydrocarbon just like diesel.

3. It is chemically same as biodiesel.

4. A Boeing aircraft ecoDemonstrator 787 is the first
test flight to use green diesel blended with petroleum
jet fuel.
Codes :

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 2 and 4 only
(d) All of these

6.

Which of the following statements are correct?


1. Prime Ministers Council on Climate Change has 18
members, all from different ministries.

2. Minister of Environment & Forests is the vicechairman of the council

3. The council is coordinating the National Action
Plan for Assessment, Adaptation and Mitigation of
Climate Change.
4. The Council will facilitate inter-ministerial
coordination and guide policy in relevant areas.
Codes :

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 and 4 only

(c) 1, 3 and 4 only
(d) All of these
7. Which of the following statements are correct about
Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS)?
1. The Bombay Natural History Society is a
governmental organizations involved in conservation
and biodiversity research.

2. In its recent survey, it has put ten bird sanctuary in
seriously danger category.
Codes :

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 Nor 2
8. Which of the following were assessed as good with some
concerns in the latest assessment of International Union
for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in November 2014?

1. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

2. Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Park

3. Great Himalayan National Park

4. Keoladeo National Park
Codes :

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 and 4 only

(c) 1, 3 and 4 only
(d) All of these
9. Which of the following statements are correct?

1. Guru Ghasidas National Park is located in Madhya
Pradesh.

2. It has been given in-principle approval as tiger
reserve.

3. It lies between Bandhavgarh and Palamau tiger
reserves.
Codes :

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) All of these

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10. Which of the following statements are correct?

1. The forest owlet (Athene blewitti) is an owl that is
endemic to Western India.

2. It is listed under Critically Endangered in IUCNs
Red data list.

3. It has been spotted in Western Ghats for the first time
in November, 2014.
Codes :

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) All of these
11. Which of the following statements are correct?

1. Sulawesi streaked flycatcher, named as Muscicapa
sodhii, is endemic to Malaysia.

2. This bird is named after Navjot Sodhi, an Indian
ornithologist and conservationists.
Codes :

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 Nor 2
12. Which of the following statements are correct about
Sukhna Lake?

1. It is an artificial lake at the foothills of the Greater
Himalayas.

2. The lake has been listed under the Ramsar wetland
sites

3. It has been declared as protected national wetland
Codes :

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only

(c) 3 only
(d) All of these
13. Which of the following statements are correct?

1. The year 2015-16 will be observed as water
conservation year in India.

2. To mark this conservation year, a public movement
will be launched by the Ministry of Environment &
Forests
Codes :

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 Nor 2
14. Which of the following statements are correct?

1. The worlds first and tallest hybrid wind generator
turbine has been installed in Rajasthan.

2. The tallest hybrid wind generator turbine has been
installed by Suzlon Energy.

3. The installed turbine can generate 12-15 percent
more energy.
Codes :

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) All of these
15. Which of the following statements are correct regarding
the Conference of the parties (COP) on Climate Change
held in December 2014?

1. The conference was held at Lima, the capital of Peru.

2. It was the 20th edition of the Conference of the
parties (COP).

3. A binding agreement was signed to lower down the
present level of carbon emissions.
Codes :

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) All of these

16. In November 2014, Ministry of Environment and Forests


(MoEF) has given in-principle approval for waiver
of mandatory forest and environment clearances for
construction of strategic roads and bridges in which of the
following states?
1. Bihar
2. West Bengal
3. Tamil Nadu
4. Rajasthan
5. Kerala
Codes :

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only
(b) 1, 2 and 4 only

(c) 3, 4 and 5 only
(d) All of these
17. Which of the following statements are correct regarding
Canine Distemper Virus (CDV)?

1. It is a viral disease that affects animals including
tigers.

2. The disease is highly contagious.

3. The virus infects the reproductive parts of the
animals.

4. It is more frequent among wild animals than domestic
animals.
Codes :

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 and 4 only

(c) 1, 3 and 4 only
(d) All of these
18. Which of the following statements are correct regarding
Project Mobile Apps for Climate Change?

1. It has been started by World Wide Fund for Nature
(WWF) and India.

2. It aims to make students aware about biodiversity
and make them interested in environment.

3. Mobile apps on urban birds, butterflies and trees have
been launched
Codes :

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 only

(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) All of these
19. Which of the following statements are correct?

1. The first Adaptation Gap Report was released by
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).

2. It lays out a framework for future work to bridge
gaps in finance, technology and knowledge.

3. According to the report, mountain regions needs
greater adaptation.
Codes

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) All of these
20. Which of the following statements are correct?

1. First bio-powered bus became operational in United
Kingdom.

2. The bio-bus runs on gas that is generated through the
treatment of sewage and food waste.
Codes :

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 Nor 2
21. Which of the following statements are correct?

1. The central government has planned to invest Rs.
5800 crore to boost solar power in India.

2. Centre has proposed to establish 25 solar parks
during 2014-19.
3. Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission was
launched in 2005

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Codes :

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) All of these
22. Which of the following statements are correct regarding
Turn Down the Heat: Confronting the New Climate
Normal Report?

1. The report was published by IUCN.

2. It claims that the sharp temperature rises will cut
deeply into crop yields and water supplies in many
areas
Codes :

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 Nor 2
23. Which of the following statements are correct?

1. The Assam has become the first zoo to have Pygmy
Hog.

2. Pygmy Hog is the smallest and rarest wild pig in the
world.

3. Pygmy Hog has been placed as vulnerable in Red
Data List of IUCN.
Codes :

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) All of these
24. The scientists for the first time tracked the route of
migratory bird, Amur Falcons in November 2014. Which
of the following statements are correct?

1. Rajasthan is called the Falcon capital of the world.

2. Amur Falcons travel up to 22000 km a year.

3. According to IUCN, it is a least concerned bird.
Codes :

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) All of these
25. Which of the following statements are correct?

1. Nepenthes zygon is an exotic carnivorous plant
species.

2. It was discovered in London in November 2014.
Codes :

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 Nor 2
26. Which of the following statements are correct?

1. Pico do Fogo, a volcano which erupted in November
2014, is located in Cape Verde, an island nation.

2. It is the highest mountain peak in Africa and erupted
for the first time in present century.

Codes :

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 Nor 2
27. Which of the following countries have signed an agreement
on Antarctic cooperation in November 2014?
1. USA
2. China
3. Canada
4. Australia
Codes :

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 4 only

(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 3 and 4 only
28. Which of the f ollowing statements are correct?

1. Council of EU extended ban on deep-sea shark
fishing for the European fleet for at least another 2
years

2. Jet Airways Cargo has instituted a policy against the
shipment of shark fins

3. India is the worlds second-largest shark catching
nation.
Codes :

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) All of these
29. Which of the following statements are correct?

1. Thirty rich countries have pledged to contribute more
than $9 billion towards Green Climate Fund (GCF)
in a conference held in Berlin in November 2014.

2. USA is the leading contributor in the total amount.

3 The money will be spent equally on climate change
adaptation and mitigation.
Codes :

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) All of these
30. Which of the following statements are correct regarding a
study titled Increasing anthropogenic nitrogen in the North
Pacific Ocean published Science Magazine in November
2014?
1. Industrial and agricultural processes have
significantly raised the ocean basicity.

2. The rate of deposition of reactive nitrogen from the
atmosphere to the open ocean has more than doubled
globally over the last 100 years.
Codes :

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 Nor 2

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Hints and Solutions


1. (d) China is the highest emitter of carbon dioxide
annually and Qatar tops in per capita carbon dioxide
emission. USA has not ratified the Kyoto Protocol.
2. (d) The ecosystem in Sunderbans and its surrounding
sea is in danger due to oil spill in River Sela at its
entrance to the Bangladesh Sundarbans in December
2014.
3. (c) A rhino died due to Anthrax in December 2014
in Sepahijala Sanctuary. A survey conducted in
December has shown that it is fast degrading and
losing its biodiversity.
4. (b) Sundarbans estuarine system is the largest estuarine
system in India. Ashtamudis Clam governing
council received the fishery Certification from
Marine Stewardship Council in November 2014.
5. (c) Green diesel can be made from vegetable oils,
waste cooking oil and animal fats. Green diesel is
chemically distinct fuel product than biodiesel.
6. (b) The council has members from outside the
government as well. The council includes seven
ministers and has no vice-chairman.
7. (b) The Bombay Natural History Society is a nongovernmental organizations.
8. (d) IUCN has listed has assessed all these sites as good
with some concerns. Sundarban National Park has
been assessed under significant threat due to failed
conservation system.
9. (b) Guru Ghasidas National Park is located in
Chhattisgarh.
10. (c) The forest owlet is endemic to Central India.
11. (b) Muscicapa sodhii belongs to Indonesia. However, it
breeds in Northern Asia.
12. (c) Sukhna Lake is located at the foothills of Shivalik.
It is going through problem of siltation. Recently, it
was shut due to spread of avian flu virus among its
birds.
13. (a) A public movement will be launched by the Ministry
of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga
Rejuvenation.
14. (c) The turbine has been installed in Kutch, Gujarat.
With the new turbine, Kutch has become the Asias
biggest wind energy park at one location.
15. (a) No binding agreement was signed in COP-20. Lima
Conference may lead to an agreement in Paris
conference to be held in later part of the year 2015.

16. (b) Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) has


given in-principle approval for waiver of mandatory
forest and environment clearances in Bihar, West
Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Uttar Pradesh,
Jammu & Kashmir, Rajasthan, Punjab and Gujarat
for construction of strategic roads and bridges along
border.
17. (a) The virus infects the gastrointestinal tract, respiratory
tract, the brain, and spinal cord of animals. It is more
frequent in domestic animals such as dogs and ferrets
than wild animals.
18. (d) These apps aims to spread awareness about urban
biodiversity in four cities, namely Mumbai, New
Delhi, Kolkata and Hyderabad.
19. (a) According to the report, Least Developed Countries
and Small Island countries are likely to have far
greater adaptation needs.
20. (c) The use of bio-buses for public transport will help in
reducing emissions of carbon and other pollutants.
21. (b) Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission was
launched in the year 2010.
22. (b) The report was published by the World Bank in the
last week of November 2014.
23. (a) Pygmy Hog has been placed as Critically Endangered
in Red Data List of IUCN.
24. (b) Nagaland was declared as the Falcon Capital of the
World in November 2013 by a team of international
ornithologists.
25. (c) The plant was discovered in Kew Gardens, London.
It was helping to keep down the population of
cockroaches.
26. (a) The volcano had not erupted since 1995. Mount
Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain on the African
continent.
27. (b) A bilateral agreement on Antarctic cooperation was
signed between China and Australia.
28. (d) Though shark fins are not in great demand in India,
but still it is the worlds second-largest shark catching
nation. Jet Airways Cargo has instituted a policy
against the shipment of shark fins since November
2014.
29. (d) Thirty rich countries have pledged to contribute
$9.3 billion which includes $3 billion from USA.
The amount is still less than the target set by COP in
Lima, Peru.
30. (b)
Industrial and agricultural processes have
significantly contributed to the ocean acidification.

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