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# Marist Brothers

## Notre Dame of Kidapawan College

Second Semester, SY 2014-2015
Kidapawan City

## Second Trinal Examinations

February 2-5, 2015
ECE323 - Logic Circuits and Switching Theory
Mar Lou P. Galinato, ECE, MEP

Name: _____________________________________

Course/Yr: ____________________

## TEST I. MULTIPLE CHOICE [60 PTS]

Shade the letter of your choice to each item. Erasures are considered wrong.
[1]

## What range of signed decimal values can be

represented in 12 bits (including the sign bit)?
[A] -128 to +127
[B] -1023 to +1024
[C] -2047 to +2048
[D] -2048 to +2047

[1]
[2]

## How many bits are required to represent decimal

values ranging from -50 to +50?
[A] Five
[B] Six
[C] Seven
[D] Eight

[2]
[3]

## What is the largest negative decimal value that can

be represented by a two-byte number?
[A] -32768
[B] -32767
[C] -32769
[D] -32770

[3]
[4]

## Whenever the sum of two signed binary numbers has

a sign bit of 1, the magnitude of the sum is in
[A] 1s compliment form
[B] 2s compliment form
[C] Sign-magnitude form
[D] Negation form

[4]
[5]

## How can arithmetic overflow be detected when

[A] By comparing the sign bit of the sum with the
[B] By comparing the sign bit of the addend with
the sign bits of the numbers being added
[C] By comparing the sign bit of the sum with the
sign bits of the numbers being added
[D] None of the above

[5]
[6]

## How can you tell when a correction is needed in BCD

[A] The sum of at least one decimal digit position is
lesser than 1001 (9)
[B] The sum of at least one decimal digit position is
greater than 1001 (9)
[C] The sum of at least one decimal digit position is
greater than 0110 (6)
[D] The sum of at least one decimal digit position is
lesser than 0110 (6)

[6]
[7]

except?
[A] 2F
[B] 77EC
[C] C000
[D] 6D

[7]
[8]

## How many inputs does a full adder have? How many

outputs?
[A] Three, two respectively
[B] Four, two respectively
[C] Three, one respectively
[D] Two, three respectively

[8]
[9]
[10]

[11]
[12]
[9]

## Determine the contents of the A register after the

following sequence of operations: [A]=0000,
[0110][B], [S][A], [1110][B], [S][A].
[A] 1000
[B] 0111
[C] 0110
[D] 0100

[13]
[10] How many 74HC283 chips are needed to add two
20-bit numbers?
[A] Ten chips
[B] Eight chips
[C] Twenty chips
[D] Five chips

[14]
[11] If a 74HC283 has a maximum propagation delay of
30 ns from C0 to C4, what will be the total propagation
delay of a 32-bit adder constructed from 74HC283s?
[A] 230 ns
[B] 240 ns
[C] 250 ns
[D] 260 ns

[15]
[12] When the adder/subtractor circuit is used for
subtraction, the ____ of the subtrahend appears at
[A] negation
[B] magnitude
[C] 1s complement
[D] 2s complement

[16]
[13] How does the BCD adder circuit detects the need for
a correction and executes it?
[A] The correction logic detects a difference greater
than 9 and then causes a 0111 to be added to
the sum
[B] The correction logic detects a sum greater than
9 and then causes a 0110 to be added to the
sum
[C] The correction logic detects a sum equal to 9
and then causes a 0101 to be subtracted to the
sum
[D] Either A or B

[17]
[14] How many 74HC382s are needed to add two 32-bit
numbers?
[A] Eight
[B] Twelve
[C] Four
[D] Six

[18]
[15] What FF outputs should be connected to the clearing
NAND gate to form a MOD-13 counter?
[A] C, and B
[B] D, and A
[C] D, C, and A
[D] D, C, and B

[19]
[16] What is the output frequency of a decade counter
that is clocked from a 50-kHz signal?
[A] 20 kHz
[B] 15 kHz
[C] 10 kHz
[D] 5 kHz

## COVERAGE: Digital Arithmetic: Operations and Circuits; Counters and Registers

[20]
[21]
[22]
[17] A 2-kHz clock signal is applied to
74LS293. What is the frequency at
[A]
[B]
[C]
[D]

[C]
[D]

1
CP

Q3

[31]
[32]
[33]
[34]
[35]
[36]

of a
?

250 Hz
260 Hz
270 Hz
280 Hz

[23]
[18] What is the MOD number of a 74HC4040 counter?
[A] 4096
[B] 4095
[C] 1024
[D] 1023

[24]
[19] What would the notation DIV64 mean on a counter
symbol?
[A] The counter only divides the frequency by 64.
[B] The counter is MOD-64 only.
[C] The counter is MOD-64 and divides the
frequency by 64.
[D] None of the above

## [26] What is the difference between asynchronous and

synchronous presetting?
[A] Asynchronous presetting is dependent of the
clock input, while synchronous presetting
occurs on the active edge of the clock signal
[B] Asynchronous presetting is independent of the
clock input, while synchronous presetting
occurs on the active edge of the clock signal
[C] Synchronous presetting is independent of the
clock input, while asynchronous presetting
occurs on the active edge of the clock signal
[D] Either B or C

[37]
[27] Describe the function of the inputs

P0

[25]

[A]

## [20] How does an asynchronous down-counter circuit

differ from an up-counter circuit?
[A] The inverted output of each LSB FF is
connected to the CLK input of the MSB FF
[B] The non-inverted output of each FF is
connected to the CLK input of the following FF
[C] The inverted output of each FF is connected to
the CLK input of the following FF
[D] Either A or B

[B]

[28]
[23] What is the advantage of a synchronous counter over
an asynchronous counter? What is the
[A] Can operate without clock frequencies but more
expensive circuitry
[B] Can operate lower clock frequencies and more
complex circuitry
[C] Can operate at higher clock frequencies and
more complex circuitry
[D] Either A or C

[29]
[24] How many logic devices are required for a MOD-64
parallel counter?
[A] Six FFs and four OR gates
[B] Six FFs and four AND gates
[C] Six FFs and four NAND gates
[D] Six FFs and four XOR gates

[30]
[25] What logic signal drives the J, K inputs of the MSB
flip-flop for the counter of [24]?
[A] ABC
[B] ABCD

P3

PL

When

and

PL

When

0000
[C]

PL

When

## preset to the binary number present in inputs

P0

[D]

P3

to

Either B or C

[38]
[28] What logic levels must be present at

CP D , PL,

[27]
[22] A certain J-K flip-flop has tpd=12 ns. What is the
largest MOD counter that can be constructed from
these FFs and still operate up to 10 MHz?
[A] MOD-256
[B] MOD-255
[C] MOD-512
[D] MOD-511

to

PL

preset to 0000.

[26]
[21] Why is it that ripple counters maximum frequency
limitation decreases as more FFs are added to the
ripple counter?
[A] Each FF adds its propagation delay to the total
counter delay in response to a clock pulse.
[B] Ripple counter is also an asynchronous counter
[C] Propagation delay of a FF is negligible to the
total counter delay in response to a clock pulse.
[D] Either B or C

ABCDE
ABCDEF

and

MR

## 74LS193 to count pulses that appear at

[A]
[B]
[C]
[D]

CP U

1, 0, 0 respectively
0, 1, 0 respectively
1, 1, 1 respectively
1, 1, 0 respectively

[39]
[29] What would be the maximum counting range for a
four-stage counter made up of 74LS193 ICs?
[A] 0 to 65,536
[B] 0 to 65,535
[C] 0 to 65,524
[D] 0 to 65,525

[40]
[30] Describe the function of the MR input
[A] A HIGH at MR overrides all other input to reset
the counter to 0000.
[B] A LOW at MR overrides all other input to reset
the counter to 0000.
[C] A HIGH at MR overrides all other input to reset
the counter to 1111.
[D] A LOW at MR overrides all other input to reset
the counter to 1111.

[41]
[42]
[43]
TEST II. DESIGN PROBLEMS (40 PTS)

[45]
[1]

## Design a parallel adder/subtractor circuit in the 2s

complement system using 74LS283 (4-bit parallel
adder), AND gates, OR gates, and D flip-flops.

## COVERAGE: Digital Arithmetic: Operations and Circuits; Counters and Registers

[46]
[2]

and a correction-detector circuit.

[47]
[3]

## Show how to wire the 74LS293 as a MOD-21 counter.

[48]
[49]
[50]
[51]

[52]

- NOTHING FOLLOWS -