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Institute for NET/JRF, GATE, IIT-JAM, JEST, TIFR and GRE in PHYSICAL SCIENCES

ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY

JRF/NET(JUNE-2011)

Q1.

The electrostatic potential V(x, y) in free space in a region where the charge density is

zero is given by V x, y 4e 2 x f x 3 y 2 . Given that the x-component of the electric

field Ex, and V are zero at the origin, f(x) is

Ans:

(a) 3x 2 4e 2 x 8x

(b) 3x 2 4e 2 x 16 x

(c) 4e 2 x 8

(d) 3x 2 4e 2 x

(d)

Solution: V 4e 2 x f x 3 y 2 . Since 0 2V 0 16 e 2 x f x 6 0 .

Since E x 0 at origin E V Ex 8e 2 x f x

E x 0, 0 8 f 0 0 f 0 8 .

Since V 0, 0 0 4 f 0 0 f 0 4

Solve equation 16 e 2 x f x 6 0 f x 6 16 e 2 x f x 6 x 8e 2 x c1 , since

f 0 8 c1 0 .

Again Integrate f x 6 x 8e 2 x f x 3x 2 4e 2 x c 2

since f 0 4 c2 0 . Thus f x 3x 2 4e 2 x

Q2.

For constant uniform electric and magnetic field E E0 and B B0 , it is possible to

choose a gauge such that the scalar potential and vector potential A are given by

1

(a) 0 and A B0 r

2

(c) E0 r and A 0

Ans:

1

(b) E0 r and A B0 r

2

(d) 0 and A E0 t

(a)

V

Lorentz Gauge condition is A 0 0

t

Head office

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Email: fiziks.physics@gmail.com

Branch office

Anand Institute of Mathematics,

28-B/6, Jia Sarai, Near IIT

Hauz Khas, New Delhi-16

1

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Institute for NET/JRF, GATE, IIT-JAM, JEST, TIFR and GRE in PHYSICAL SCIENCES

sinceB r B z yx B z xy B y xz

(a)

(c)

Q3.

0 and A 0

t

0 and A 0

t

0, and A 0

t

0 and A 0

t

(b)

(d)

given by

where c is the speed of light in vacuum, E0, A and k0 are constant and x and z are unit

vectors along the x- and z-axes. The relative dielectric constant of the medium r and the

constant A are

1

3

(a) r 4 and A

(b) r 4 and A

(c) r 4 and A 3

Ans:

1

3

(d) r 4 and A 3

(a)

Since v

k0c

k 02 3k 02

c

Refractive index n r 2 r 4.

2

Since k n 0 k 0 x 3z x Az 0 k 0 1 A 3 0 A

Q4.

1

3

A Kr

where A and

e

r

distribution varies with r as

(a) re Kr

(b)

1 Kr

re

r

(c)

1 Kr

re

r2

Head office

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Email: fiziks.physics@gmail.com

(d)

1

1 e Kr

r

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Ans:

(b)

Solution: since 2V / 0

2V must be proportional to

Q5.

1 2 V

A kr

e where 2V 2

r

.

r r r

r

shown in the figure is given by H z H 1 cos0.3 x cos0.4 y , where x and y are in cm.

x

y

A. The dimensions of the waveguide are

Ans:

(a)

m

n

0.3 where m 1 and

0.4

a

b

where n 1

a 3.33cm, b 2.50cm

B. The entire range of frequencies f for which the TE11 mode will propagate is

Ans:

(d)

2

Solution: f m, n

c 1

1

c m n

2 7.5 GH z .

f1,1

2

2 a

b

2 a b

For propagation, frequency of incident wave must be greater than cutoff frequency.

Head office

fiziks, H.No. 23, G.F, Jia Sarai,

Near IIT, Hauz Khas, New Delhi-16

Phone: 011-26865455/+91-9871145498

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Email: fiziks.physics@gmail.com

Branch office

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28-B/6, Jia Sarai, Near IIT

Hauz Khas, New Delhi-16

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JRF/NET-(DEC-2011)

Q6.

Consider three polarizers P1, P2 and P3 placed along an axis as shown in the figure.

P2

P1

P3

(unpolarized)

I0

The pass axis of P1 and P3 are at right angles to each other while the pass axis of P2

makes an angle with that of P1. A beam of unpolarized light of intensity I0 is incident

on P1 as shown. The intensity of light emerging from P3 is

(a) 0

Ans:

(b)

I0

2

(c)

I0

sin 2 2

8

(d)

I0

sin 2 2

4

(c)

I1

Q7.

I0

,

2

I2

I0

cos2 ,

2

I3

I0

I

cos2 cos2 90 0 sin 2 2 .

2

8

Four equal point charges are kept fixed at the four vertices of a square. How many neutral

points (i.e. points where the electric field vanishes) will be found inside the square?

(a) 1

Ans:

(b) 4

(c) 5

(d) 7

(a)

Solution: Inside the square, there is only one point where field vanishes.

Q8.

rr

where and R are positive constants. The charge contained within a sphere of radius R,

centred at the origin is

(a) 0

Ans:

e

R2

(b) 0

e2

R2

(c) 4 0

R

e

(d) 0

R2

e

2

r

Solution: Qenc 0 E da 0 1 e r / R 2 r 2 sin ddr 0 1 e r / R sin dd

r

0 0

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1

at r R , Qenc 4 0 1 . So none of the options given are correct.

e

Q9.

In a Youngs double slit interference experiment, the slits are at a distance 2L from each

other and the screen is at a distance D from the slits. If a glass slab of refractive index

and thickness d is placed in the path of one of the beams, the minimum value of d for the

central fringe to be dark is

(a)

Ans:

(b)

D L

2

1L

(d)

2 1

(d)

Q10.

(c)

d

2

2 1

Consider a solenoid of radius R with n turns per unit length, in which a time dependent

current I = I0 sint (where R/c << 1) flows. The magnitude of the electric field at a

perpendicular distance r < R from the axis of symmetry of the solenoid, is

(a) 0

Ans:

(b)

1

0 nI 0 R 2 cost

2r

(c)

1

0 nI 0 r sin t

2

(d)

1

0 nI 0 r cost

2

(d)

Solution:

B nI t z .

B

E

dl t da ;

dI

E 2r 0 n

dt

2r dr 0 n I 0 cost

r 0

2r 2

2

1

E 0 nI 0 r cost

2

Q11.

= 0. The vector potential at a perpendicular distance r from the wire is given

by A

(a) 0

k 0 I 1

ln ct c 2 t 2 r 2

2

r

(b)

0 I 1

i j

2 t 2

(c)

c 0 I

2 c t r

2 2

1

ij

2

fiziks, H.No. 23, G.F, Jia Sarai,

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Phone: 011-26865455/+91-9871145498

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Email: fiziks.physics@gmail.com

(d)

c 0 I

2 c t r

2 2

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Ans:

(d)

I

A

A

r

E 0

Solution: E

t

t

2 ct c 2 t 2 r 2

c 0 I

2 c 2 t 2 r 2

1

2c 2 t

c

2 c 2t 2 r 2

r

k

JRF/NET-(JUNE-2012)

Q12.

1 10

2

r

a constant vector, is

Ans:

30

(c) F 4 r

r

(b) F

(a) F

30

(d) F 4 r

r

(a)

r

Solution: B A F r 10 3 . Since F is a constant vector, let

2

r

F F0 x y z , F r F0

x

x

x

z y F0

F0

F0 x z y F0 y z x F0 z y x F0

y

x z F0

xF0 F0 y F0 F0 zF0 F0 2 F0 x y z

z

y x F0

r

1

F r F0 x y z F , 3 0 . Thus B F

2

r

F r

Q13.

perpendicular component of the electric field, E , of the reflected wave into the water is

found to remain the same for all angles of incidence. The phase of the magnetic field H

Ans:

(c) changes by /2

(d) changes by

(d)

fiziks, H.No. 23, G.F, Jia Sarai,

Near IIT, Hauz Khas, New Delhi-16

Phone: 011-26865455/+91-9871145498

Website: www.physicsbyfiziks.com

Email: fiziks.physics@gmail.com

Branch office

Anand Institute of Mathematics,

28-B/6, Jia Sarai, Near IIT

Hauz Khas, New Delhi-16

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Q14.

The magnetic field at a distance R from a long straight wire carrying a steady current I is

proportional to

(b) I /R2

(a) IR

(c) I2/R2

Ans:

(d)

Q15.

(a) E B

(b) E B

(d) I / R

(c) E B

(d) E B

Ans:

(b)

Q16.

Charges Q, Q and -2Q are placed on the vertices of an equilateral triangle ABC of sides

of length a, as shown in the figure. The dipole moment of this configuration of charges,

irrespective of the chice of origin, is

- 2Q

C

(a) 2aQ i

(b) 3aQ j

A

Q

(c) 3aQ j

(d) 0

Ans:

B

Q

(c)

a

3a

j

p qi ri Q li mj Q l a i mj 2Q l i m

2

2

p Q li mj Q l a i mj Q 2l a i 2m 3a j p 3aQj

Q17.

mr

.

r3

If m is directed along the positive z-axis, the x-component of the magnetic field, at the

point r , is

(a)

Ans:

3myz

r5

(b)

3mxy

r5

(c)

3mxz

r5

(d)

3mz 2 xy

r5

(c)

fiziks, H.No. 23, G.F, Jia Sarai,

Near IIT, Hauz Khas, New Delhi-16

Phone: 011-26865455/+91-9871145498

Website: www.physicsbyfiziks.com

Email: fiziks.physics@gmail.com

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1

B A 3 2 cosr sin 3 3m r r m

r

r

3mxz

xx yy zz r

Bx 5

B 3 3mz

mz

r

r

r

Solution: m mz and

JRF/NET-(DEC-2012)

Q18.

Three charges are located on the circumference of a circle of radius R as shown in the

figure below. The two charges Q subtend an angle 90 at the centre

the charges Q. If the electric field at the centre of the circle is zero,

what is the magnitude of Q?

(a) q / 2

Ans:

2q

(b)

(c) 2q

(d) 4q

(a)

Solution: E1 E 2

Q

1 q

and E3

2

4 0 R

4 0 R 2

Q19.

q

2

Consider a hollow charged shell of inner radius a and outer radius b. The volume charge

density is r

k

(k is constant) in the region a < r < b. The magnitude of the electric

r2

Ans:

(a)

k b a

for all r > a ,

0r 2

(b)

k b a

kb

for a < r < b and

for r > b

2

0r

0r 2

(c)

k r a

k b a

for a < r < b and

for r > b

2

0r

0r 2

(d)

k r a

k b a

for a < r < b and

for r > b

2

0a

0r 2

(c)

fiziks, H.No. 23, G.F, Jia Sarai,

Near IIT, Hauz Khas, New Delhi-16

Phone: 011-26865455/+91-9871145498

Website: www.physicsbyfiziks.com

Email: fiziks.physics@gmail.com

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28-B/6, Jia Sarai, Near IIT

Hauz Khas, New Delhi-16

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Solution: For r < a

1

1

1 k 2

2

dV

r sin drdd

E.da E(4r ) Qenc

0

0

0 r 2

k ra

4k r

4k

E(4r 2 )

(r a) E

r

a dr

0

0

0 r 2

For r > a

k b a

4k b

4k

(b a) E

r

a dr

0

0

0 r 2

Consider the interference of two coherent electromagnetic waves whose electric field

vectors are given by E1 iE0 cos t and E2 jE0 cos t where is the phase

E4r 2

Q20.

0

2

E 2 , where E 2

is the

(a) 0

Ans:

(b) 0 E 02

(c) 0 E 02 sin 2

(d) 0 E 02 cos 2

(a)

Solution: Since waves are polarized in perpendicular direction hence there will be no

interference.

Q21.

Four charges (two + q and two q) are kept fixed at the four vertices of a square of side a

as shown. At the point P which is at a distance R

proportional to

Ans:

(a) 1/R

(b) 1/R2

(c) 1/R3

(d) 1/R4

(c)

Q22.

sheet which lies in the xy - plane. For what value of d will the charge remains stationary?

(a) q / 4 mg 0

(b) q / mg 0

(d)

mg 0 / q

fiziks, H.No. 23, G.F, Jia Sarai,

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Ans:

(a)

Solution: There is attractive force between point charge q and grounded conducting sheet that

can be calculate from method of images i.e.

Q23.

q2

mg d

4 0 2d

q

4 mg 0

An infinite solenoid with its axis of symmetry along the z-direction carries a steady

current I.

(c) varies as

1

inside and as R outside the solenoid

R

1

outside the solenoid

R

Ans:

(d)

Q24.

Consider an infinite conducting sheet in the xy-plane with a time dependent current

density Kt i , where K is a constant. The vector potential at

by A

(a)

Ans:

0 K

4c

0 Kt

j

2

(b)

0 Kz

j

2c

x, y , z

is given

B is

(c)

0 K

2c

ct z i

(d)

0 K

2c

ct z j

(d)

Ax

K

y = 0 ct z j

z

2c

When a charged particle emits electromagnetic radiation, the electric field E and the

1

1

E B at a larger distance r from emitter vary as n and

Poynting vector S

0

r

1

respectively. Which of the following choices for n and m are correct?

rm

(a) n = 1 and m = 1

(b) n = 2 and m = 2

B A

Q25.

(c) n = 1 and m = 2

Ans:

(d) n = 2 and m = 4

(c)

fiziks, H.No. 23, G.F, Jia Sarai,

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JRF/NET-(JUNE-2013)

Q26.

A particle of charge e and mass m is located at the midpoint of the line joining two fixed

collinear dipoles with unit charges as shown in the figure. (The particle is constrained to

move only along the line joining the dipoles). Assuming that the length of the dipoles is

much shorter than their separation, the natural frequency of oscillation of the particle is

R

R

e, m

2d

2d

(a)

Ans:

6eR 2

0 md 5

6eR

0 md 4

(b)

(c)

(d)

6ed 2

0 mR 5

(d)

6ed

0 mR 4

R

x

2d

e, m A

2d

Let us displace the charge particle by small amount x at A. Then the resultant electric

field at point A is given by

2p 1

1

6d

x where p 1.2d 2d .

3

3

4 0 R x

R x 0 R 4

6ed

F eE

x

0 R 4

E

Then

k

6ed

m

0 mR 4

fiziks, H.No. 23, G.F, Jia Sarai,

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Q27.

velocity u . The direction and magnitude, respectively, of the Poynting vector S outside

the beam at a radial distance r (much larger than the width of the beam) from the axis,

are

(a) S u and S

(c) S || u and S

Ans:

(b) S || u and S

I2

4 2 0 u r 2

(d) S || u and S

I2

4 2 0 u r 2

I2

4 2 0 u r 4

I2

4 2 0 u r 4

(c)

0 I

.

2r

I

r

r .

The electric field at a distance r is E

2 0 r

2 0 ur

The magnetic field at a distance r is B

Q28.

EB

I2

4 2 0 ur 2

If the electric and magnetic fields are unchanged when the potential A changes (in

simultaneously change to

(a) r

Ans:

(b) r

(c) r / t

(d) r / t

(c)

Solution: A A A r / r 1 r C

Q29.

V V / t V r / t

Consider an axially symmetric static charge distribution of the form,

2

r

0 0 e r / r0 cos2

r

The radial component of the dipole moment due to this charge distribution is

(a) 2 0 r04

(b) 0 r04

(c) 0 r04

fiziks, H.No. 23, G.F, Jia Sarai,

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Ans:

(a)

2

r

p r r d r 0 0 e r / r0 cos2 r 2 sin dr dd

r

V

p 0 r02

Q30.

r0

r 0

r / r

2

4

r e 0 dr sin d cos d 2 0 r0

A k xyz, yzt , zxt , xyt

(a) k yz, zx, xy

Ans:

(b) k x, y, z

(c) 0, 0, 0

(d) k xt , yt , zt

(c)

A

k yzx xzy xyz

Since k yzx xzy xyz and

t

A

E

k yzx xzy xyz k yzx xzy xyz 0 E 0,0,0

t

Q31.

thin metal sheet of area 1.0 cm2 kept in the xy -plane. The rate of total energy radiated per

unit area from the surfaces of the metal sheet at a distance of 100 m is

Ans:

(a) I 0 / 12 0 c 3

(b) I 02 2 / 12 0 c 3

(c) I 02 / 12 0 c 3

(d) I 0 2 / 24 0 c 3

(b)

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JRF/NET-(DEC-2013)

Q32.

A horizontal metal disc rotates about the vertical axis in a uniform magnetic field

pointing up as shown in the figure. A circuit is made by connecting one end A of a

resistor to the centre of the disc and the other end B to its edge through a sliding contact.

The circuit that flows through the resistor is

B

A

S

(a) zero

(b) DC from A to B

(c) DC from B to A

(d) AC

Ans:

(b)

Q33.

The force between two long and parallel wires carrying currents I 1 and I 2 and separated

by a distance D is proportional to

(a) I 1 I 2 / D

(b) I 1 I 2 / D

(c) I 1 I 2 / D

Ans:

(a)

Q34.

(d) I 1 I 2 / D 2

(d) 10 E cos 0.3x 0.4 y 1000t 3i 4 j

(b) 104 E0 cos 0.3x 0.4 y 1000t 4i 3 j

0

Ans:

(b)

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B

kE

Q35.

placed grounded conducting infinite plates as shown in the figure. The net force on the

charge (in units of 1 / 4 0 ) is

(a)

q2

2 2 1 away from the corner

8d 2

d

d

q2

2 2 1 towards the corner

(b)

8d 2

(c)

(d)

Ans:

q2

2 2d 2

3q 2

away from the corner

8d 2

F1

(b)

Solution: F 1 F 2 k

Q36.

q

F2 d

q

q

and F 3 k 2

2

4d

8d

Net force F k

F3

d

q

q2

.

8d 2

2d

q2

2 2 1 (towards the corner)

8d 2

V r f r cos , then the functional form of f r (in the following a and b are

constants) is:

(a) ar 2

Ans:

b

r

(b) ar

b

r2

(c) ar

b

r

r

(d) a ln

b

(b)

fiziks, H.No. 23, G.F, Jia Sarai,

Near IIT, Hauz Khas, New Delhi-16

Phone: 011-26865455/+91-9871145498

Website: www.physicsbyfiziks.com

Email: fiziks.physics@gmail.com

Branch office

Anand Institute of Mathematics,

28-B/6, Jia Sarai, Near IIT

Hauz Khas, New Delhi-16

15

fiziks

Institute for NET/JRF, GATE, IIT-JAM, JEST, TIFR and GRE in PHYSICAL SCIENCES

Solution: 2V

2V

1 2 V

1

V

1

0

r

sin

r 2 r r r 2 sin

r 2 sin 2 2

1 2 f

1

cos 2

sin f sin 0

r

2

r r r

r sin

cos 2 2 f

f

f

r 2 2r 2

2sin cos 0

2

r r

r r sin

r2

2 f

f

2r 2 f r 0

2

r

r

f r ar

Q37.

b

satisfy the above equation.

r2

side a . Let another point charge q be placed at the cnetre of the square (see the figure).

q/2

q

q/2

of the square. Then V 2r / V r is

(a) 1

Ans:

(b)

1

2

(c)

1

4

(d)

1

8

(d)

p qax ay

Thus V

q

q

q qq 0

2

2

q

ax ay qax ay q ax ay q ax ay 0 0

2

2

1

V 2r 1

.

3

V r 8

r

fiziks, H.No. 23, G.F, Jia Sarai,

Near IIT, Hauz Khas, New Delhi-16

Phone: 011-26865455/+91-9871145498

Website: www.physicsbyfiziks.com

Email: fiziks.physics@gmail.com

Branch office

Anand Institute of Mathematics,

28-B/6, Jia Sarai, Near IIT

Hauz Khas, New Delhi-16

16

fiziks

Institute for NET/JRF, GATE, IIT-JAM, JEST, TIFR and GRE in PHYSICAL SCIENCES

Q38.

Let V , A and V , A denote two sets of scalar and vector potentials, and a scalar

function. Which of the following transformations leave the electric and magnetic fields

(and hence Maxwells equations) unchanged?

(a) A A and V V

(b) A A and V V 2

(c) A A and V V

(d) A A and V V

Ans:

(a)

Q39.

JRF/NET(JUNE-2014)

an infinite current-carrying wire. The magnetic vector potential at a perpendicular

distance a from the wire is given (for time t a / c ) by

0 K c t a

ct a 2 z 2

(a) z

dz

4 c c t a

a 2 z 2 1/ 2

K

(b) z 0

4

K ct ct a 2 z 2

(c) z 0 dz

4 c ct

a 2 z 2 1 / 2

K c t a

t

(d) z 0

dz

4 c t a

a 2 z 2 1/ 2

2 2

2 2

ct

dz a

ct

2 2

2 2

t

2

z2

1/ 2

Ans: (a)

Solution: A z 0

4

I tr

R

dz z

0

4

K t R / c

R

dz

I

dz

R

0 K c t a

ct a 2 z 2

A z

dz

1/2

4 c c2t 2 a2

a2 z 2

2 2

fiziks, H.No. 23, G.F, Jia Sarai,

Near IIT, Hauz Khas, New Delhi-16

Phone: 011-26865455/+91-9871145498

Website: www.physicsbyfiziks.com

Email: fiziks.physics@gmail.com

Branch office

Anand Institute of Mathematics,

28-B/6, Jia Sarai, Near IIT

Hauz Khas, New Delhi-16

17

fiziks

Institute for NET/JRF, GATE, IIT-JAM, JEST, TIFR and GRE in PHYSICAL SCIENCES

Q40.

function of time t is shown in the figure below.

i p t

3 t

1

2

Which of the following graphs represents the current i S in the secondary coil?

(a)

(b)

is t

is t

(c)

is t

(d)

is t

3t

1

Ans:

3t

(c)

Solution: is

Q41.

3 t

3 t

di p

dt

r 0 e r / r

where 0 and r0 are constants, then the charge density at a distance r r0 will be

(a)

0 0

er02

(b)

e 0 0

2r02

(c)

0 0

2

0

er

fiziks, H.No. 23, G.F, Jia Sarai,

Near IIT, Hauz Khas, New Delhi-16

Phone: 011-26865455/+91-9871145498

Website: www.physicsbyfiziks.com

Email: fiziks.physics@gmail.com

(d)

2e 0 0

r02

Branch office

Anand Institute of Mathematics,

28-B/6, Jia Sarai, Near IIT

Hauz Khas, New Delhi-16

18

fiziks

Institute for NET/JRF, GATE, IIT-JAM, JEST, TIFR and GRE in PHYSICAL SCIENCES

Ans:

(a)

Solution: 2

0 2

0

0 r / r0

1 2 1 2

1 0 2 r / r0

1

1

r e

2 0 r 2 e r / r0 2re r / r0

2

r

2 r e

2

r r r r r

r0

r r0 r

r r0

r0

1

2

2 0 e r / r0 e r / r0

r0 r0

r

At a distance r r0 , 2

Q42.

0 1

0 0 0

0

2 1

1

e e 2 0 2 2

r0 r0

r0

r0 e

r0 e r0 e

If A yzi zxj xyk and C is the circle of unit radius in the plane defined by z 1 ,

A

with the centre on the z - axis, then the value of the integral

d is

C

(a)

Ans:

(b)

(c)

(d) 0

(d)

i

Solution: A

x

yz

y

zx

i x x j y y k z z 0

z

xy

Since

A d A d a 0

Q43.

media of dielectric constants 1 and 2 . Assuming 2 1 and no charges on the

surface, the electric field vector E and the displacement vector D in the two media

satisfy the following inequalities

(a) E2 E1 and D2 D1

(b) E2 E1 and D2 D1

(c) E2 E1 and D2 D1

(d) E2 E1 and D2 D1

fiziks, H.No. 23, G.F, Jia Sarai,

Near IIT, Hauz Khas, New Delhi-16

Phone: 011-26865455/+91-9871145498

Website: www.physicsbyfiziks.com

Email: fiziks.physics@gmail.com

Branch office

Anand Institute of Mathematics,

28-B/6, Jia Sarai, Near IIT

Hauz Khas, New Delhi-16

19

fiziks

Institute for NET/JRF, GATE, IIT-JAM, JEST, TIFR and GRE in PHYSICAL SCIENCES

Q44.

d

is filled uniformly with a metal. The electric field at the point ,0,0 is

2

(a)

(c)

Ans:

10 e

1, 0, 0

9 0 d 2

(b)

e

1, 0, 0

0 d 2

e

1, 0, 0

0 d 2

d

E

2 P

x

e

d

0

(d)

(b)

e

E

4 0 3d / 2

10 e

1, 0, 0

9 0 d 2

4e

1

e

1 4e

and E

2

2

4 0 9d

4 0 d / 2

4 0 d 2

E E E

Q45.

4e

1 4e

1 40e

1 10e

1 10e

E

x

2

2

2

2

4 0 9d

4 0 d

4 0 9d

9 0 d

9 0 d 2

1

incidence. The refractive index of the dielectric medium is n and that of the metal is

n2 n1 i . If the beam is polarised parallel to the interface, then the phase change

(a) tan2 /

Ans:

(b) tan 1 1 /

(c) tan 1 2 /

(d) tan 1 2

(c)

1

E

Solution: Since E 0 R

0I

1

v

c/n

1 i

where 1

v2 c / n 1 i

ei /2

i

E0 R

E0 I

2 i

2

4 e

E0 I

4 2

i /2

e

E0 I where tan .

2

tan 1

fiziks, H.No. 23, G.F, Jia Sarai,

Near IIT, Hauz Khas, New Delhi-16

Phone: 011-26865455/+91-9871145498

Website: www.physicsbyfiziks.com

Email: fiziks.physics@gmail.com

Branch office

Anand Institute of Mathematics,

28-B/6, Jia Sarai, Near IIT

Hauz Khas, New Delhi-16

20

fiziks

Institute for NET/JRF, GATE, IIT-JAM, JEST, TIFR and GRE in PHYSICAL SCIENCES

Q46.

A thin, infinitely long solenoid placed along the z - axis contains a magnetic flux .

Which of the following vector potentials corresponds to the magnetic field at an arbitrary

point x, y, z ?

x

(a) Ax , Ay , Az

,

,0

2

2

2

2

2 x y 2 x y

x

(b) Ax , Ay , Az

,

,0

2

2

2

2

2

2

2 x y z 2 x y z

x y x y

(c) Ax , Ay , Az

,

,0

2

2

2

2

2 x y 2 x y

Ans:

y

(d) Ax , Ay , Az

,

,0

2

2

2

2

2 x y 2 x y

(a) B A 0

Q47.

the intensity of the external radiation that penetrates the room is 1% of the incident

radiation. If

1

1

10 6 m is the conductivity of the shielding material, its

2

(a) 4.60 mm

Ans:

(b) 2.30 mm

(c) 0.23 mm

(d) 0.46 mm

(b)

Solution:

I I 0 e 2 z z

1 I0

ln

2 I

where

I0

100,

I

2

1

ln 100 2.30 mm

2 103

1 1

2 2

fiziks, H.No. 23, G.F, Jia Sarai,

Near IIT, Hauz Khas, New Delhi-16

Phone: 011-26865455/+91-9871145498

Website: www.physicsbyfiziks.com

Email: fiziks.physics@gmail.com

Branch office

Anand Institute of Mathematics,

28-B/6, Jia Sarai, Near IIT

Hauz Khas, New Delhi-16

21

fiziks

Institute for NET/JRF, GATE, IIT-JAM, JEST, TIFR and GRE in PHYSICAL SCIENCES

Q48.

potential. When released from rest, the particle reaches a speed u at a distance d / 2 from

the plane. At what distance from the plane will the particle reach the speed 2u ?

(a) d / 6

Ans:

(b) d / 3

(c) d / 4

(d) d / 5

(b)

Solution: F ma m

d 2x

A

d 2x

1 q2

q2

where

.

A

dt 2

x2

dt 2

4 0 4d 2

16 m 0

q

d

dv

A dv

dv

A dx

1 d 2

d A

2 v v

2

v

dt

x dt

dt

x dt

2 dt

dt x

v2 A

A

1 1

C at x d , v 0 C v 2 A .

2 x

d

x d

1

2A

d

1

1 1

Thus u 2 A

then 2u 2 A x

d

5

d /2 d

x d

JRF/NET(DEC-2014)

Q49.

magnetic field. The initial velocity is such that the component along the

magnetic field is twice the component in the plane normal to the magnetic

field.

The ratio / R of the pitch to the radius R of the helical path is

(a) / 2

Ans:

(b) 4

(c) 2

2R

(d)

(b)

Solution: v 2v

Pitch of the helix l vT v

Q50.

2 R

2 R

l

2v

4 R 4

v

v

R

with air on both sides. If the film has a refractive index n 1 , then second-order bright

fringes can be observed in reflection when the thickness of the film is

(a) / 4n

(b) / 2n

(c) 3 / 4n

fiziks, H.No. 23, G.F, Jia Sarai,

Near IIT, Hauz Khas, New Delhi-16

Phone: 011-26865455/+91-9871145498

Website: www.physicsbyfiziks.com

Email: fiziks.physics@gmail.com

(d) / n

Branch office

Anand Institute of Mathematics,

28-B/6, Jia Sarai, Near IIT

Hauz Khas, New Delhi-16

22

fiziks

Institute for NET/JRF, GATE, IIT-JAM, JEST, TIFR and GRE in PHYSICAL SCIENCES

Ans:

(c)

2nd cos 0 2 1 1

Q51.

3

4n

r 0 1

ar

where r is the radial coordinate and 0 , a and R are positive constants. If the

magnitude of the electric field at r R / 2 is 1.25 times that at r R , then the value of a

is

(a) 2

Ans:

(b) 1

(c) 1 / 2

(d) 1 / 4

(b)

Solution:

E .d a

S

Qenc E 4 r

2

E 4 r 2

ar

2

1 4 r dr

R

40 2 ar 3 2

40 r 3 ar 4

0 r ar 2

r

r

dr

0 0

R

0 3 4R

0 3 4R

Er R / 2 1.25Er R

0 R / 2 aR 2 / 4

0 R aR 2

1.25

0 3

4R

0 3 4R

5 1

1 a 5 1 a 1 a 5 5a 5a a

6 16 4 3 4 6 16 12 16 16 16 12 6

4a 5 2

a 3

a 1

16

12

4 12

fiziks, H.No. 23, G.F, Jia Sarai,

Near IIT, Hauz Khas, New Delhi-16

Phone: 011-26865455/+91-9871145498

Website: www.physicsbyfiziks.com

Email: fiziks.physics@gmail.com

Branch office

Anand Institute of Mathematics,

28-B/6, Jia Sarai, Near IIT

Hauz Khas, New Delhi-16

23

fiziks

Institute for NET/JRF, GATE, IIT-JAM, JEST, TIFR and GRE in PHYSICAL SCIENCES

Q52.

The electrostatic lines of force due to a system of four point charges is sketched below.

proportional to

(b) r 1

(a) r

Ans:

(c) r 2

(d) r 3

(d)

Q53.

1

.

r3

reflected. Measurements on the standing wave in the region in front of the interface show

that the ratio of the electric field amplitude at the maxima and the minima is 5. The ratio

of the reflected intensity to the incident intensity is

(a) 4 / 9

Ans:

(b) 2 / 3

(c) 2 / 5

(d) 1 / 5

(a)

Solution:

E0 I E0 R

E

2

5 E0 I E0 R 5 E0 I E0 R 6 E0 R 4 E0 I 0 R

E0 I E0 R

E0 I 3

2

Q54.

E

I

4

R 0R

I I E0 I

9

(a) 16 I

Ans:

(b) 8 I

(c) 4 I

(d) 2 I

(a)

Solution: I

I 2 q22 a22

I 2 4e2 4a 2

q 2 a 2 sin 2

16 I 2 16 I

r2

I1 q12 a12

I

e2 a 2

fiziks, H.No. 23, G.F, Jia Sarai,

Near IIT, Hauz Khas, New Delhi-16

Phone: 011-26865455/+91-9871145498

Website: www.physicsbyfiziks.com

Email: fiziks.physics@gmail.com

Branch office

Anand Institute of Mathematics,

28-B/6, Jia Sarai, Near IIT

Hauz Khas, New Delhi-16

24

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