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JCL Generation Data Group Interview Questions and Answers
11/14/2009

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JCL Interview Questions on Generation
Data Group (GDG). 

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Explain what do you mean by Generation Data

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Group (GDG)?
Answer : A Generation Data Group in JCL is a

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group of chronologically/functionally related
datasets, with each having a father-son
relationship. GDGs are processed periodically,
often by adding a new generation, retaining

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previous generations, and sometimes
discarding the oldest generation. Every
dataset within a group is assigned a unique Generation Number.

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How is GDG base created in the system?
Answer : A GDG base is created in the system catalog and keeps track of the generation
numbers used for datasets in the group. Then the IDCAMS utility is used to define the GDG
base for MVS/XA, and MVS/ESA. However in older systems, the IEHPROGM utility be used.
Explain what is model dataset label (Model DSCB)?
Answer : A model dataset label is a pattern for the dataset label created for any dataset
named as part of the GDG group. The system needs an existing dataset to serve as a model

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to supply the DCB parameters for the generation data group one wish to create. The model
dataset label must be cataloged. The model DSCB name is placed on the DCB parameter on
the DD statement that creates the generation data group.

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What is the advantage in using generation data groups?
Answer : The advantage in using the generation data groups is that all datasets have the
name, and the system keeps track of adding and deleting successive generations. The JCL
does not need to be changed between runs.
How are GDG concatenated?

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Answer : Generation data groups are concatenated by specifying each dataset name and the
generation number of all generations of the generation data group . To retrieve all
generations of a generation data group, omit the generation number. The DD statements
refers to all generations

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The result is the same as if all individual datasets were concatenated. If generations are

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not on the same volume, this will not work.

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Can you tell how is a previous GDG coded?

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Answer : Previous GDGs are coded as (-1) after the dataset name. An example would be

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DSN=JAN.DATA(-1).

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Can you tell how is the current GDG coded?

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Answer : Current GDGs are coded as (0), (+0), or (-0) after the dataset name as follows:

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DSN=JAN.DATA(0). The +(0) and (-0) have the same effect as (0) Normally, it is coded as

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(0).

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Can you tell how is a new GDG coded?

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Answer : A new GG is coded as (+1) after the dataset name as follows:

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DSN=JAN.DATA(+1). This will cause all generations to be pushed down one level at the end

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of the job.

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Comment as:  Publish   Google Account Preview   Aired | The content is copyrighted and may not be reproduced on other websites..3/27/2015 JCL Generation Data Group Interview Questions and Answers Project Manager SAP ABAP How are different generations specified? Siebel Answer : Different generations are specified by providing the dataset name and generation VSAM number for each GDG desired.html 2/2 . RELATED POSTS TOOLS HTML to XML Parser HTML Table generator Posted Under JCL-Interview-Questions NO COMMENTS : Enter your comment. What is the status of the GDG when an abend occurs? FRESHERS INTERVIEW Answer : The GDG is in a bad state because it may consist of partial information.in/2009/11/jcl­generation­data­group­interview. It is recommended to reset the Computer Science current generation by deleting the bad generation before executing the job.. If used in this state. | Copyright © 2009-2015 | All Rights Reserved 2015 Contact Us | About Us | Privacy Policy and Disclaimer http://www. it is possible to get incorrect or improper results. which will recreate a new generation.aired.