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PREZENTUL CONTINU

MOD DE FORMARE
AFIRMATIV
Subiect + to be (conjugat in functie de persoana) + Verbul la infinitiv + termin
atia "-ing"
Exemple:
I'm writing an article now.
Scriu un articol acum.
They are playing football.
Ei joaca fotbal.
She is having lunch at this moment.
Ea ia pranzul in acest moment.
INTEROGATIV
To be (conjugat in functie de persoana) + Subiect + Verbul la infinitiv + termin
atia "-ing"
Exemple:
Am I writing an article now?
Scriu eu un articol acum?
Are they playing football?
Joaca ei fotbal?
Is she having lunch at this moment?
Ia ea pranzul in acest moment?
NEGATIV
Subiect + to be (conjugat in functie de persoana) + not + Verbul la infinitiv +
terminatia "-ing"
Se folosesc adesea contractiile isn't (is + not) si aren't (are + not)
Exemple:
I'm not writing an article now.
Eu nu scriu un articol acum.
They aren't playing football.
Ei nu se joaca fotbal.
She isn't having lunch at this moment.
Ea nu ia pranzul in acest moment.

Reguli pentru adaugarea terminatiei "-ing" verbelor la infinitiv


La majoritatea verbelor se adauga terminatia "-ing" fara nici o modificare:
Exemple:
play
playing go - going
try trying drink
drinking
sing singing draw - drawing
cook - cooking
learn - learning
send - sending

wash - washing
La verbele care se termina in litera e precedata de o consoana, se renunta la li
tera e si se adauga terminatia "-ing"
Exemple:
make
making
come coming
leave
leaving
La verbele formate dintr-o singura silaba (monosilabice) care se termina intr-o
consoana precedata de o vocala, se dubleaza consoana si apoi se adauga terminati
a "-ing"
Exemple:
get getting
sit sitting
hit hitting
Cand folosim Prezentul Continuu?
Folosim Prezentul Continuu (Present Continuous) pentru:
activitati care se petrec in momentul vorbirii
Exemple:
She is watching TV now.
Ea se uita la televizor acum.
Mother is washing the dishes at this moment.
Mama spala vasele in acest moment.
actiuni care se desfasoara pe o perioada mai mare de timp, incluzand si momentul
vorbirii
Exemple:
John is studuing Maths for his exam.
John studiaza la matematica pentru examen.
My brother is writing a book.
Fratele meu scrie o carte.
a vorbi despre o intalnire sau un aranjament din viitorul apropiat
Exemple:
He is flying to New York next week.
El zboara la New York saptamana viitoare.
I'm meeting Susan next Sunday.
Ma intalnesc cu Susan duminica viitoare.
Expresii cu care se foloseste adesea Prezentul Continuu
now, at this moment, these days, this week, today, tonight etc.
PREZENTUL SIMPLU
MOD DE FORMARE
AFIRMATIV
Subiect + Verbul la infinitiv
(la persoana a III-a singular se adauga terminatia "-s" sau "-es")
Exemple:
I go to school every day.
Merg la scoala in fiecare zi.
He reads a book every month.
El citeste o carte in fiecare luna.
She lives in Bucharest.
Ea locuieste in Bucuresti.
INTEROGATIV
Do / Does (pers.III, sg.) + Subiect + Verbul la infinitiv
Exemple:
Do you go to school every day?
Mergi la scoala in fiecare zi?

Does he read a book every month?


Citeste el o carte in fiecare luna?
Does she live in Bucharest?
Locuieste ea in Bucuresti?
NEGATIV
Subiect + do / does (pers.III, sg.) + not + Verbul la infinitiv
Se folosesc adesea contractiile don't (do + not) si doesn't (does + not)
Exemple:
I don't go to school every day.
Nu merg la scoala in fiecare zi.
He doesn't read a book every month.
El nu citeste o carte in fiecare luna.
She doesn't live in Bucharest.
Ea nu locuieste in Bucuresti.
Reguli pentru adaugarea terminatiei "-s" sau "-es" la afirmativ pentru persoana
a III-a singular
La majoritatea verbelor se adauga terminatia "-s" la persoana a III-a singular l
a afirmativ
Exemple:
I talk
He talks
I work He works
I sleep
He sleeps
Verbelelor care se termina in ss, -sh, -ch, -x, -o li se adauga terminatia "-es"
Exemple:
I kiss He kisses
I wish He wishes
I catch
He catches
I mix He mixes
I go He goes
La verbele care se termina in litera y precedata de o consoana, se inlocuieste l
itera y cu litera i , iar apoi se adauga terminatia "-es"
Exemple:
I fly
He flies
I study He studies
I cry He cries
La verbele care se termina in litera y precedata de o vocala, se adauga terminat
ia "-s"
Exemple:
I pay He pays
I stay He stays
I play He plays
Cand folosim Prezentul Simplu?
Folosim Prezentul Simplu (Present Simple) pentru:
activitati zilnice, saptamanale, lunare, anuale
Exemple:
I go to the mountains every month.
Merg la munte in fiecare luna.
We have breakfast at 7.30 every morning.
Luam micul dejun la ora 7.30 in fiecare dimineata.
obiceiuri, hobby-uri
Exemple:
She plays tennis in her free time.
Ea joaca tenis in timpul liber.
In the summer, they go to the seaside.
Vara, ei merg la mare.
situatii permanente
Exemple:
He lives in Paris.
El locuieste la Paris.

I work as a manager.
Eu lucrez ca manager.
a exprima actiuni care respecta un anumit program
Exemple:
The bus for Bucharest lives at 12.15 on Monday.
Autobuzul pentru Bucuresti pleaca luni la 12.15.
I have Maths Friday at 11.30.
Eu am matematica vineri, la 11.30.
situatii emotionale
Exemple:
I love my girlfriend very much.
Imi iubesc prietena foarte mult.
He hates cats.
El uraste pisicile.
adevaruri generale
Exemple:
The earth moves around the sun.
Pamantul se misca in jurul soarelui.
Water boils at 100C.
Apa fierbe la 100C.
Expresii cu care se foloseste adesea Prezentul Simplu
every day/ week/ month/ year etc., every morning/ evening/ afternoon/ night, usu
ally, always, sometimes, often, never, in the morning/evening/night etc.