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Christianity Timeline

Age of Persecution and Apostolic Fathers

125 150 190
Clement of Rome Tertullian Irenaeus
Ignatius Justin Martyr Tertullian
Polycarp Theophilus Origen
The Didache - Sunday worship was norm

Council "Old Roman Creed" Canon Crystalized Liturgies Formalized
3 to 5 BC 50 150 175 200
Birth 1. Salvation by Grace of Lord Jesus First Form of Apostles' creed Books of New Testament 1. Elders Bcome"ordained"
of 2. Not by works, Judaism, not religion Affirmation of Essential Beliefs Agreed Upon. to do liturgies
Jesus "Do you believe in God the Father..? 1. Apostolicity. 2. Sacraments of Baptism &
Do you believe in Jesus Christ..? 2. Able to edify Communion Ritualized
Do you believe in the Holy Ghost..?" 7 Books still Disputed: a. Baptism by Immersion &
Salvation James, II Peter, II & III John, Pouring (didache)
X Good Works End Time Beliefs Jude, Hebrews, Revelation b. Baptisms done at
XI Christ's Sacrifice XIX Return of Christ In 367 Athansius lists all 27. Easter & Pentecost
XII New Life in Christ XX Resurrestion Books as Canonical. c. Infant baptism accepted
XXI Judgment - Latter Councils agree. by 400
XXII Final Destiny
XVIII Kingdom of God Scriptures XVII The Holy Sacraments
V Sufficiency
VI Authority #6 War & Peace
#1 False Worship #3 The Lord's Day VII New Testament

Christianity Timeline

Roman Government Declines in Power -- As the Church Authority Increases

325 - Golden Age of "Scientific Bible Study" - Great Councils Decide Major Points of Theology
Jerome - Vulgate Version -- Augustine-- Chrystosome -- Athanasius

Christianity Becomes
Persecution the Official Religion
Intensifies Toleration Edict of Milan Council of Nicea Council of Constantinople of the State
250 311 313 325 381 395
Results of Persecution: Constantine Trinity Nicene Creed
1. No church property Freedom for All 1. Arius - Jesus was created by God - Divine but not Deity.
2. Martyrs - witness - Religions 2. Athanasius - Christ was co-eternal, consubstantial, equal.
great growth 3. Eusebius - Compromise.
3. System of Elders This council went with the compromise, but over the next
system of deacons 60 years saw it was not to be compromised.
4. Lack of ability to Developed what we now call the Nicene Creed in 381,
meet and correct in Constantinople.
false teachings REFORM
250 - 350 Growth in Ascetism I. The Holy Trinity Simeon Stylites
Anthony II. The Father Ascetic who sat
III. The Son on 60ft. Pillar
IV. The Holy Spirit for 30 years

Christianity Timeline

Reform Movement
Council of Ephesus Council of Chalcedon Monastic Order (Communal) Pope Gregory I Islam Begins
431 451 480 - 543 590 622
Man's Part is Salvation Nature of Jesus St. Benedict First "Pope" Mohammed
1. Pelagius - human will 1. Antioch Theologians 1. Rejection of wealthy Bishop among Bishops 570 - 632
is invlolved - denied original stressed "two natures" "Government Church." 1. By now the Petrine
sin, or man's depravity. humanity - word - man 2. Rejection of the world's theory accepted.
2. Augustine - God did it all. 2. Alexandrian Theologians ways. 2. Warship becomes
3. Cassianus - Compromise stressed divinity - 3. Dedication to: controlled and formalized
Council went with a word - flesh prayer and study. a. Sacredotalism
modified Augustine view - 4. Missionaries Priest is necessary to worship.
stated like our Article VIII The council did not b. Gregorian Chant
try to go either way, 3. Mary worship begins
MAN but stressed the "Mary never sinned"
VIII. A Free Moral Person Biblical view that
Jesus was fully God
AND fully man, yet #15 Simplicity of Life
joined in one #11 Stewardship of Possessions
individual - "one
person, one

By this time 22 Articles

of Religion were decided upon
Christianity Timeline
Roman Empire Ends Holy Roman
- Rise in Feudalism Empire Begins
Lasts 'til 1806 - Napoleon

Donation of Popin Charlemagne Otto Crowned Movement
754 800 962 1050 1054
Begins Last of the Great POPES Rome excommunicates
"Papal States" Roman Emperors now crown Michael Cerularius, the
Church now enters (7 ft. tall - a man of war) the Emperor Patriarch of Constantinople
the temporal and hold control
Political arena. over affairs Church begins to take hard
of state. line on reformers

1050 Scholasticism Begins Mysticism

Reacts t
"Doctors" of theology - an attempt to organize theology into a "system"-systematic theology Reacted Reacted
to by a maj
1. Anselm - "I believe in order that I may know"-FAITH IS PRIMARY
2. Abelard - "I know in order that I may believe" - REASON IS PRIMARY
3. Thomas Aquinas - synthesis of FAITH & Reason - Man is not totally depraved
4. Bacon - Scientific method

Christianity Timeline
1. Doesn't accept Rome's Authority
2. Allows marriage of Clergy.
3. Wants Easter to be on the right date - not day (Sunday)
4. Holy Spirit proceeds from Son - not Father & Son
5. From now on church changes very little

PAPAL RULE Reform Movement Peak of Papal


Crusades 2nd 3rd Refrom Movement

College of Cardinal Pope Gregory VII Begin Waldenses Crusade Crusade Inocent III Friars
1059 1073 1075 1184 1187 1192 1198 1210
Election of Pope Increased Papel First Pete Waldo Prime Franciscans & Dominicans
Power Crusade (Also excommunicted) Example of Poor Clares
Took 1. Wanted new "life" Papal Power Franciscans begin Hospitals
Jerusalem in worship Philip & Ingeborg Dominicans begin Universities
from Moslems 2. Bible in vernacular of France
Interdict in 1200 Stayed within the church
closed churches as a reaction to cold
reasonable scholasticism

Reacts to Scholasticism
by a major movement in mysticism
1. Catherine of Siena saw visions about evils of clergy
2. Meister Eckhart fusion of human essence with divine essience in ecstatic experience
3. Thomas a Kempis - imitation of Christ

Christianity Timeline
Eastern Orthodox

Decrease in Papal Power / Increase in "Nastions" States

--Strict celibate hierarchy causes decline
in clergy morale and morals

Children's 4th Lateran Synod of Toulouse Pope Papacy Moved to Roots of the
Crusade Council and 6th Crusade Gregory IX Boniface Avignon Lollards Reformation
1212 1215 1229 1223 1301 1309 1382 1401
Transubstantiation 1. Forbade Commissioned Make a last ditch State John Wycliff Death penalty
Life - giving vernacular the dominicans Proclamation Controlled for being a
sacrament scriptures to punish "Unam sanctum" Pope 1. Christ is head of Lollard
controlled by heresy Church.
the church 2. Retook Jerusalem Pope at Roman Church 2. Bible in vernacular.
leaving the Roots of has spiritual and 3. Opposed to
Tremendous Mosque of Omar "Inquisition" Temporal power over transubstantiation
power over all, and submission 4. Forced to retire, but
Kings and to the Pope is "necessary began "Lollard's"
commoners for salvation." travelling preachers

1350 -- 1350
-- Rena

Christianity Timeline
Eastern Orthodox

NATION STATES RULE Nations Support Reformation

Nations Support Refor
No more Papal Temporal
No moreAuthority
Papal Tempora


Council of Luther's Luther is

Reform Council Florence Pius II Columbus Erasmus 95 Theses Excommunicated
1415 1431 1439 1460 1492 1516 1517 1520
John Huss, Tried to change Pope responds Decreed: Prints N.T. 1. Scripture as Authority
Wycliff student, the Church by increasing "No more in Greek 2. Faith as means of salvation,
burned at stake sacradotal reforming Original not "transubstantiation"
by the sacraments. councils truths 3. Christ as Head of the Church
Council of 7 Sacraments now can be now set free 4. Clean up the bribery and
Constance all demanding a held." immoral clergy
priest. 5. Stop selling indulgences

Until now refromation

Until was
now controlled
was -controlled
but now new
- but now
new c

issance & Rebirth -- 1650

Christianity Timeline
Eastern Orthodox

l Authority Lutherans
1. Change in worship:
a. Preaching central - not mass.
b. Vernacular congregational singing.
2. New Church government system.
3. Elementary education for children (S.S.)
4. Bible as Authoity.
5. Faith brings salvation.

German Reform Reformation

Melanthon N.T. Attempt Result
1521 1522 1523 1530 Augsburg Confession 1534
Reformation Luther 29 Articles of Religion Henry VIII
Theologian puts N.T. Act of Supremacy
Act of Suprem
in vernacular

hurches begin! Conrad Glebel 1526
contested infant Persecution
baptism. by
Rebaptism Drowning

The Church
XV The Church
XVI The Language of Worship
#8 Public Schools

Christianity Timeline
Counter Reformation
Eastern Orthodox

ROMAN CATHOLICS 1540 Jesuits Ordained


1545 Council of Trent

1. Added Apocryphal Books to Bible
2. Church, Bible, equal in authority
3. Faith AND works necessary for salvation
Church of England -- Anglican -- American Episcopal 4. 7 sacraments reaffirmed
1. King is Head of Church 5. Transubstantiation reaffirmed
2. Roman theolgy 6. Purgatory begins
3. Bible in Engish 7. Pope is head of the Church
John Calvin's "Institutes"
1536 Total Depravity -- God does it all
Unconditional Election -- Double predestination
macy Limited Atonement -- God saves only those elected
Irresistable Grace -- If God chose you - you will be saved
Perseverance of the Saints -- will never fall away
Reformed Churches

French Huguenots

Christianity Timeline
Eastern Orthodox

Roman Catholic

English Presbyterian Remain Calvinistic

1606 American Congregational Churches

Religious Religious
Reformation Reformation Puritans-Congregation-Baptist-Remain Calvinist
1549 1563 1567
1. Clergy can marry 39 Articles
2. Communion up to laity 1. Comunion, not transubstantiation
3. Book of Common Prayer 2. Bible as authority Anglican Becomes Arminian High Church
Veinacular Worship 3. Calvinian influence Arminius Not
1. Man is not totally depraved-He can respond to God
2. All can be saved-condition is out response
3. Atonement is universal
4. Grace can be resisted
5. Persons can fall away
1560 John Knox - Scottish Presbyterian

French Huguenots
Anabaptists - Mennonites

XIV Restoration

Christianity Timeline
Eastern Orthodox

Roman Catholic

1629 Mass Bay Congregatonalists English Presbyterian

American Congregational
1616 Independent Baptists Independent Baptists

1703 - 1791
John Wesley

1618 Reformed Churches Scottish Presbyterian

United Presbyterian
Dutch Reformed


Christianity Timeline
Eastern Orthodox
1854 1870
Roman Catholic Immaculate Papal
Lutheran Conception Infallibility

English Presbyterian
American Congregational
Independent Baptists

Anglican/Episcopal Anglican/Episcopal

1791 United Methodist

1. Armenian
Quakers 2. Societies
Methodist Methodist 1860 3. Early Christian
1. Spiritual Revival
2. Small group "societies" - Methodists
3. Social Welfare.
4. Remained an Anglican priest, but forbidden a pulpit. Scottish Presbyterian
5. Emphasis on Holy Spirit's Sanctifying work United Presbyterian
Dutch Reformed
French Huguenots

IX Law of Life & Love

XII Entire Sanctification

#4 Human Rights #2 Secret Societies

#17 Christian Citizenship #16 Employer/ Employee
#7 Cival Oaths
#9 Discipline of the Body #10 Misuse of drugs

Christianity Timeline
Eastern Orthodox

1961 Vatican II Roman Catholic


English Presbyterian
American Congregational
Independent Baptist

Calvinian Congregational


United Methodist
1878 Salvation Army Salvation Army

1. Injustice of Slavery
2. Equality of Women Scottish Presbyterian
3. Lay Participation United Presbyterian
4. Simplicity Dutch Reformed
5. Holy Spirit's Sanctifying work Huguenots

B.T. Roberts
kicked out of
the Methodist
Episcopal Church

#13 Entertainment #18 Marriage and Family

#14 Pornography #12 Gambling
#5 The Sanctity of Human Life #19 Homosexual Behavior