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# AP Statistics

## Study Sheet: Graphing Calculator and MINITAB Output

for Inference for the Least-Squares Line

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1. You want to determine whether knowing a student's final grade helps to predict how
that student will evaluate their teacher. You ask 12 students to assign their math
teacher a numeric grade between 0 and 100. You also record each student's final
grade. You collect the following data:
70
72
74
77
79
80
83
86
87
90
92
95

Teacher Evaluation
69
68
72
73
74
82
80
85
90
84
89
93

A. Construct a scatter plot for these data. Does there seem to be a linear relationship
between the two variables?
B. Use your graphing calculator to construct a least-squares regression line.
C. Create a scatter plot of the residuals against the explanatory variable. Does the
scatter plot support the assumption that the residuals are normally distributed about
the regression line? Can you continue to use regression analysis to analyze these
data?
D. What are the null and alternative hypotheses for a two-sided significance test for this
regression line?
E. Using your graphing calculator, find your test statistic and p-value for this two-sided
test.
F. What's the standard error of the slope of this regression line?
G. Construct a 95% confidence interval for the slope of the regression line.
H. Interpret the 95% confidence interval (.776, 1.2384) for the slope of the regression
line.

______________________________

AP Statistics
Study Sheet: Graphing Calculator and MINITAB Output
for Inference for the Least-Squares Line

Page 2 of 4

2. You want to know if there's a relationship between height and armspan of ninth
Armspan (cm)
Height (cm)
183
182
172
173
153
168
146
157
150
166
150
173
144
175
184
183
153
152
152
153
150
183
150
162
137
152
162
168
180
177
146
155
161
166
148
164
164
168
A. Enter your data into L1 and L2 on your graphing calculator and construct a scatter plot.
Describe the scatter plot.
B. Use your graphing calculator to construct a least-squares regression line.
C. Create a scatter plot of the residuals against the explanatory variable. Does the
scatter plot support the assumption that the residuals are normally distributed about
the regression line? Can you continue to use regression analysis with this data?

______________________________

AP Statistics
Study Sheet: Graphing Calculator and MINITAB Output
for Inference for the Least-Squares Line

Page 3 of 4

3. You collect the following data on shoe size and length of stride for 18 ninth-grade
Shoe Length (in.) Stride (in.)
10.0
24.0
11.5
28.0
11.0
22.0
12.0
30.0
9.5
26.0
11.0
26.0
11.0
27.0
11.5
32.0
11.0
22.0
6.0
16.0
11.0
21.0
11.0
26.0
12.0
27.0
12.0
26.5
12.0
25.0
11.0
28.0
9.0
19.0
7.5
25.0
This is the computer output from a regression analysis of the above data:
Dependent variable is: Stride
Predictor
Coef
Constant
8.717
Shoe Len 1.5452
S = 3.049

StDev
4.828
0.4523

R-Sq = 42.2%

T
1.81
3.42

P
0.090
0.004

Analysis of Variance
Source
Regression
Residual Error
Total

DF
1
16
17

SS
108.51
148.73
257.24

Unusual Observations
ObsShoe Len Stride
Fit
10
6.0 16.000 17.988

MS
108.51
9.30

StDev Fit
2.182

F
11.67

Residual
1.988

P
0.004

St Resid
0.93 X

## X denotes an observation whose X value gives it large influence.

A. Construct the regression equation for this data from the computer output.
B. What are the test statistic and p-value for a two-sided significance test of the slope
of the regression line?
C. What is the p-value for a one-sided significance test of the slope of the regression
line?

______________________________