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I.

Introduction

A community is viewed as a form of life with its own phases of development.


Just like every individual, a community is exposed to different situations that
enable to it to grow and mature. Some communities develop rapidly, while
others, slowly and sometimes are stuck with what they are. Everyday, a
community is subjected to several health problems. Problems that are
successfully surpassed by some of the members of the community, burdened by
some who are incapable of acting against it and not felt by some who are
already used to it. This is the time when community diagnosis enters.

Through a community diagnosis, a community is given the help in knowing their


present health status. They are also being informed about the problems that
their community is going through and being thought as well with the course of
action to be taken for them to eradicate such problems and promote wellness
state.

Purpose of the study

This study is conducted to assess the health status of the people in the
community residing along puroks 1, 2, and 3 of Barangay San Gabriel, Laurel
Batangas. The study aims to create an awareness of the community’s present
health condition, make a plan in solving or minimizing existing problems,
promote health, and the utilization of the services offered in their barangay. The
study is intended to identify the needs and concern of the community and
recommend plans and activities to address specific needs.

Objectives

General Objective:

After conducting the study in Purok 1, 2, and 3 of Brgy. San Gabriel, Laurel
Batangas, the researchers will be able to utilize the actual and potential health
problems of the community and recommend action that the community can
adapt.

Specific Objectives:

Establish rapport with the residents of Purok 1, 2, and 3 of Brgy. San Gabriel,
Laurel Batangas.
Assess the present health status of the community through ocular survey and
one-on-one interview.
Identify the problems arising in the community with respect to the environment,
behaviors and practices that affect their health.
Identify priorities, establish goals and plans to improve the health status of the
community.
Recommend possible solutions through community action plans.

Methodology and Tool used

In conducting the community diagnosis, the researchers made used of


several methods in gathering health data. They made used of ocular survey in
gathering quantitative data. Observation gathers information about the family’s
state of being and behavioral responses.
The researchers also conducted interviews. The interview was used to gather
the health history of the family member. The health history includes the past
year health history of the respondents.
The group used several tools to facilitate the data gathering activities. The
tools include community survey tools provided by the Manila Doctors College of
Nursing and whereas the interview guides and tallying sheets are individually
provided by the researchers.

Scope and Limitations of the Study


The study focuses on the Purok 1, 2, and 3 of Brgy. San Gabriel, Laurel
Batangas. The study includes the community’s demographic, socio-economic,
health resources profiles, and environmental indicators.

The study is limited to:


Population
This study is limitedto the surveyed residents of Purok 1, 2, and 3 of Brgy. San
Gabriel, Laurel Batangas.

Duration
The study was conducted for three days: January 26-27 and February 1, year
2010.

Percentage
This study is limited to out of 638 out of 2182 of (29%) total population in the
community of San Gabriel. This data include out of 138 out of 199 (70%) total
families in the community of Purok 1, 2, and 3.
Use of Tool

The data gathered is based on the tools provided by Manila Doctors College of
Nursing and the interview guides and tallying sheets provided by the
researchers.

Methods Used – Statistical Treatment(frequency, ratio, distribution, rate)

The researchers made use of the different statistic calculations to assess the
health status of the community.

Spot Map of Purok 1, 2, and 3 of Brgy. San Gabriel, Laurel Batangas

II. Description of the Community

History
Brgy. San Gabriel was used to be called as “Molino” which is a woodland area
that has few residents. But as time passed by there is an increasing number of
population until the Archdiocese named the place after San Gabriel who is the
protector of the town. It has a primary livelihood of farming, breeding of animals
and “tilapia”.

Physical Features
Brgy. San Gabriel is near east of Publasyon 2, and at north near Brgy. As-Is,
south is near Brgy. Ticub, and at the west is near Brgy. San Gregorio and Santa
Maria.
San Gabriel has a land area of 267-05840 hectares, and a distance of 3
kilometers from municipality of Laurel.
It has a total population of 2,182 whereas there is 1,068 number of males and
1,114 females and 1,081 registered voters as of September 2009.

Total of Families Surveyed andTotal Population Surveyed

Table 1: Frequency Distribution According to the total of Families


Surveyed in Purok 1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Number of
Families Total Percent
Surveyed Family 138 69%
Population Not
Surveyed 61 31%
TOTAL NO. OF
FAMILIES 199 100%

Figure 1: Frequency Distribution According to the total of Families


Surveyed in Purok 1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Analysis
The total population surveyed in Purok 1, 2, and 3 is 638 and the total
families surveyed are 138 or 69% of 199 families.

Age and Sex Ratio

Table 2: Frequency Distribution According to the Age in Purok 1, 2, and 3


of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

AGE PERCENTAG
E
0-4 83 13%
5-9 75 12%
10-14 100 16%
15-19 58 9%
20-24 42 7%
25-29 49 8%
30-34 68 11%
35-39 36 6%
40-44 29 5%
45-49 17 3%
50-54 26 4%
55-59 26 4%
60-64 8 1%
65-69 7 1%
70-74 4 1%
75 and up 10 2%

Figure 2: Frequency Distribution According to the Age in Purok 1, 2, and 3


of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Analysis
Based on table 1, the age group 10-14 years old has the largest frequency (16%),
which falls under the pre-adolescent phase. The second largest frequency with the
percentage of 13% is the age group 0-4 which is in the infancy and toddler phase.
The third which has 11% is the age group 30-34 years old that falls under
adulthood.

Interpretation
Health Implication

Sex ratio
Table 3: Frequency Distribution According to the Age in Purok 1, 2, and 3
of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

PUROK1 PUROK2 PUROK3 TOTAL PERCENTAG


E
MALE 120 118 80 318 50%
FEMALE 116 109 95 326 50%

Sex ratio = number of males/ number of females x 100


= 318/ 320 x 100
= 99: 100

Analysis
Data shows that the total number of males in Barangay San Gabriel are 318,
sub-divided to each purok nameley: purok 1 has 120 heads of males; purok 2 with
118 head of males; purok 3 with 80 head of males, who got a total of 50% of the
over all population. Also data shows that the total female number population is326,
sub-divided into each purok. Purok 1 with 95 head of females; purok2 with 109
head of females and purok 3 with 95 head of females, who got the total of 50% of
the total population. That leads to 638 total number of population.

Interpretation
Based on the percentage, there is an equal 50-50% of male and female
population. Due to this fact there is a high possibility of increasing population for
Barangay San Gabriel in the future that may predict to all population may have an
equal risk factor to different diseases in the future. Though in some point female
population are greater with 14 number of females.

Health Implication
The data above shows that there are 99 males for every 100 females. It
indicates that there are more of the female the female population than the male
population. Certain programs specifically reproductive health should be
strengthened as most of the female population belongs to the reproductive stage.

Dependency Ratio
Dependency ratio
Dependency ratio = 0-14 yrs old + 65 and above x 100
15 – 64 yrs old
= 258 + 21
359
= 77.7
= 78: 100

Interpretation and analysis

The computation above resulted to 78, which means there are 78


economically dependent individuals out of 100 economically productive individuals.
It shows that there are more economically productive individuals than non-
productive ones. Though the results show that more individuals are productive, it
does not exempt the fact that the economically productive individuals can provide
the sufficient needs of the economically dependent individuals.

Civil Status

Table 4: Frequency Distribution According to the Civil Status in Purok 1, 2,


and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Tot Percen
Civil Status al t
Single 99 16%
Married 237 37%
Common Law 4 1%
Separated 7 1%
Widowed 21 3%
Child 270 42%
TOTAL 638 100%

Figure 4: Frequency Distribution According to the Civil Status in Purok 1,


2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Civil Status

16%

Single
Married
42%
Common Law
Separated
Widowed
37% Child

3%

1%
1%

Analysis:
The highest percent of the population belongs to the category child that has a
population of 270 individuals or 42%. The lowest came from the category common
law that has a population of 4 or 1%.

Interpretation:

Health Implication:

Religious Distribution

Table 5: Frequency Distribution According to the Religious Distribution in


Purok 1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas
Tot Percen
Religion al t
Roman Catholic 619 97%
Iglesia ni Kristo 4 1%
Born Again 9 1%
Protestant 2 0%
Jehovas Witness 4 1%
TOTAL 638 100%

Figure 5: Frequency Distribution According to the Religious Distribution in


Purok 1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Religion
1%

0%
1%
1%

Roman Catholic
Iglesia ni Kristo
Born Again
Protestant
Jehovas Witness

97%

Analysis:

Roman Catholic got the highest percentage of 97% or a total of 619 persons
out of the total population which is 638, while Protestant got the lowest percentage
of 0% or a total of 2 out of the 638 population.

Interpretation:

Based on the tabulated data, there are 619 persons or 97% of the total
population were Roman Catholics. According to the World Council of Churches, The
Philippines is the only predominantly Christian country in Asia, with a majority of
Roman Catholics.

Health implication:

Religion is a set of belief that practices often organized around supernatural


and moral claims, and often codified as prayer, ritual and religion law. Faith
influences lifestyle, health attitude, practices and one’s general outlook in life.
Some people’s response to healthcare is based on what their religion is.
Place of Origin

Table 6: Frequency Distribution According to the Place of Origin in Purok


1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Tot Perce
Place of Origin al nt
Luzon 134 97%
Visayas 4 3%
Mindanao 0 0%
TOTAL 138 100%

Figure 6: Frequency Distribution According to the Place of Origin in Purok


1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Analysis
The graph shows the place of origin of the respondents, this is followed by those
originally from Luzon one hundred thirty-four (134) which is equivalent to ninety-
seven percent (97%); four (4) respondents originally from Visayas are equivalent to
three perecent (3%); and no respondent originally came from Mindanao.

Interpretation
Respondents originally from Luzon with one hundred thirty-four respondents or
ninety-seven percent got the highest because as we all know Batangas is in Luzon.
Three percent of the respondents were originally from the Visayas because
according to history articles, In the recent years, waves of migration from
the Visayas had brought significant number of Visayans to the province.

Health Implication

Length of Residency
Table 7: Frequency and Percent Distribution of surveyed families
according to the length of residency in Purok 1, 2, and 3 of San Gabriel,
Laurel, Batangas

Length of Residency Frequency Percentage


< 6 months 40 29%
>6 months 98 71%
total 138 100%
Figure 7: Frequency and Percent Distribution of surveyed families
according to the length of residency in Purok 1, 2, and 3 of San Gabriel,
Laurel, Batangas

Analysis
According to the data gathered, a total of 71% of the population reside for more
than 6 months in the surveyed community while only 29% lives for less than 6
months in the community.

Interpretation
Length of residency is defined as the month or years that the family has spent in
the community. From the data, it shows that most families are living permanently in
the community. This implies that majority of the people are familiar with the
community and its available resources or facilities such as health centers, wet
markets, police stations and churches.
Health Implication

Highest Educational Attainment and Educational Status

Table 8: Frequency Distribution According to the Highest Educational


Attainment in Purok 1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas
Highest Educational
Attainment Total Percent
Not Applicable 93 15%
Elementary Level 162 25%
Elementary Graduate 54 8%
High School Level 119 19%
High School Graduate 146 23%
College Level 23 4%
College Graduate 36 6%
Vocational Level 1 0%
Vocational Graduate 4 1%
TOTAL 638 100%

Figure 8: Frequency Distribution According to the Highest Educational


Attainment in Purok 1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas
Highest Educational Attainment

Vocational Graduate 1%
0%
College Graduate 6%
4%
High School Graduate 23%
Highest
19%
Educational
Elementary Graduate 8% Attainment
25%
Not Applicable 15%

0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30%

Table 9: Frequency Distribution According to the Educational Status in


Purok 1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Educational Tot Perce


Status al nt
Presently Studying 200 31%
Stop Studying 272 43%
Graduated 69 11%
Not Applicable 97 15%
TOTAL 638 100%
Figure 9: Frequency Distribution According to the Educational Status in
Purok 1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Educational Status

15%

31%

11% Presently Studying


Stop Studying
Graduated
Not Applicable

43%

Analysis
The highest level of percentage was in the category of out of school or students that
are being stopped in schooling with the number of 272 or 43% and the lowest
number was in the category of those who graduated in college with 11% or 69
people

Interpretation
Based on the data gathered, there are 43% or 272 person of the population stopped
from studyng. The reasons is more on financial shortage, 28% or 138 families are
only earning 1,000-5,000 in one month and also 83% or 115 families are spending
less than one thousand pesos(<P 1,000) for education in one month. And as for the
dependency ratio of 1:2 where in a person who is working there are two person that
depends on him/her. And in 138 families in Purok 1, 2 and 3 there is 115 families or
83% whose income is not more than a thousand every month for education. In an
individual that work there are two dependents. That is why education was being
linked in fast gathering information about health and gives way in many
opportunities for job, in relation with this there is higher number of workers who are
a blue collar job with the number of 146 or 66% of the population and for those who
are in white collar job there is 55 people or 34% of the whole population that has a
job

Health Implication:
According to the book of public health of the DOH, in having a low level of
educational attainment it was being connected in the possibilities of lack of health
aspects and low self-esteem
Occupation

Table 10: Frequency Distribution According to Employment in Purok 1, 2,


and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Percen
Employed Total t
White Collared 25 12%
Blue Collared 188 88%
TOTAL 213 100%

Figure 10: Frequency Distribution According to Employment in Purok 1, 2,


and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Table 11: Frequency Distribution According to Employment Status in


Purok 1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Employment Percen
Status Total t
Self-employed 55 9%
Not Applicable 98 15%
Employed 158 25%
Unemployed 327 51%
TOTAL 638 100%

Table 11: Frequency Distribution According to Employment Status in


Purok 1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas
Income and Expenses

Table 12: Frequency Distribution According to Income per Family in Purok


1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Percen
Monthly Income Total t
<1,000 10 7%
1000-2999 27 20%
3000-4999 28 20%
5000-6999 22 16%
7000-8999 12 9%
9000-10999 11 8%
11000-12999 8 6%
13000-14999 5 4%
15000 & Above 15 11%
TOTAL 138 100%

Figure 12: Frequency Distribution According to Income per Family in


Purok 1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas
Table 13: Frequency Distribution According to Food Expense in Purok 1, 2,
and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Percen
Food Expense Total t
<1,000 39 28%
1000-2999 61 44%
3000-4999 26 19%
5000-6999 10 7%
7000-8999 2 1%
TOTAL 138 100%

Figure 13: Frequency Distribution According to Food Expense in Purok 1,


2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Table 14: Frequency Distribution According to Health Bill in Purok 1, 2,


and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Percen
Health Bill Total t
<1,000 136 98%
1000-2999 1 1%
3000-4999 1 1%
TOTAL 138 100%

Figure 14: Frequency Distribution According to Health Bill in Purok 1, 2,


and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas
Table 15: Frequency Distribution According to Education Bill in Purok 1, 2,
and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Percen
Education Bill Total t
<1,000 115 83%
1000-2999 19 14%
3000-4999 3 2%
5000-6999 1 1%
TOTAL 138 100%

Figure 15: Frequency Distribution According to Education Bill in Purok 1,


2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Other Source of Income


Table 16: Frequency Distribution According to other Source of income in
Purok 1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Breakdown -
Other Source of Percen
Income Total t
Sari-sari Store 11 15%
Craft Making 10 14%
Poultry Raising 14 20%
Livestock Raising 17 24%
Others 19 27%
TOTAL 71 100%

Table 16: Frequency Distribution According to other Source of income in


Purok 1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Housing Condition

Table 17: Frequency Distribution According to Housing Condition in Purok


1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Type of Material
for House Percen
Construction Total t
Light 18 13%
Strong 41 30%
Mixed 79 57%
TOTAL 138 100%

Figure 17: Frequency Distribution According to Housing Condition in Purok


1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas
Housing Ownership

Table 18: Frequency Distribution According to Housing Ownership in Purok


1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Percen
House Ownership Total t
Lease-to-own 1 1%
Rented 3 2%
Rent-free 6 4%
Land Ownership 35 25%
Owned 93 67%
TOTAL 138 100%

Figure 18: Frequency Distribution According to Housing Ownership in


Purok 1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas
Number of Rooms
18

Ventilation
19

Lighting

Table 20: Frequency Distribution According to Lighting Condition in Purok


1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Percen
Lighting Total t
Candle 2 1%
Kerosine 5 4%
Electricity 131 95%
TOTAL 138 100%

Figure 20: Frequency Distribution According to Lighting Condition in Purok


1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas
Water Supply

Table 21: Frequency Distribution According to Water Supply in Purok 1, 2,


and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Source of Percen
Drinking Water Total t
Local Water District 1 1%
Purchased 1 1%
Others 1 1%
Well 4 3%
Spring 6 4%
Deep well 125 91%
TOTAL 138 100%

Figure 21: Frequency Distribution According to Water Supply in Purok 1, 2,


and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas
Table 22: Frequency Distribution According to Ensuring water safety in
Purok 1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Ensuring Water Percen


Safety Total t
Sedimentation 1 1%
Filtration 3 2%
Chemical
Disinfection 34 25%
Boiling 40 29%
None 60 43%
TOTAL 138 100%

Figure 22: Frequency Distribution According to Ensuring water safety in


Purok 1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Excretal Disposal

Table 23: Frequency Distribution According to Ownership of toilet facility


in Purok 1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Ownership of Total Percen


Toilet Facility t
Shared 39 28%
Private 99 72%
TOTAL 138 100%
Table 23: Frequency Distribution According to Excretal Disposal in Purok
1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Percen
Excreta Disposal Total t
Bore-hole latrine 6 4%
Flush type 22 16%
Pour-flush type 30 22%
Pale System 80 58%
TOTAL 138 100%

Garbage Disposal
23

Ways and Waste Percen


Disposal Total t
Animal Feed 1 1%
Composting 12 8%
Burial pit 21 13%
Open dumping 23 15%
Open burning 98 63%
TOTAL 155 100%

Ways of Waste Percen


Management Total t
Recycling 25 16%
Segragation 30 19%
Sold in junk shop 40 25%
None 64 40%
TOTAL 159 100%

Container Use for Percen


Garbage Total t
None 17 12%
Can 31 22%
Garbage bag 42 30%
Sack 48 35%
TOTAL 138 100%

Food Storage
24

Storage of Raw Percen


Foods Total t
Metal wares 6 4%
Cabinet 10 7%
Others 11 8%
Plastic wares 21 15%
Table 42 30%
Refrigerator 48 35%
TOTAL 138 100%
Storage of Cooked Percen
Foods Total t
Metal wares 3 2%
Others 6 4%
Cabinet 19 13%
Plastic wares 25 17%
Refrigerator 42 29%
Table 49 34%
TOTAL 144 100%

Percen
Used in Cooking Total t
Electric Appliances 2 1%
Charcoal 5 3%
Gas Stove 36 25%
Wood 103 71%
TOTAL 146 100%

Common Ways of Percen


Cooking Food Total t
Others 1 1%
Grilled 4 3%
Steamed 7 4%
Sauteed 24 15%
Boiled 37 23%
Fried 87 54%
TOTAL 160 100%
Present Vectors and Rodents and Common Ways in Solving Problems
Caused by Vector Disease

Present Vectors Percen


and Rodents Total t
Rodents 52 16%
Cockroaches 58 18%
Flies 95 29%
Mosquitos 120 37%
TOTAL 325 100%

Common Ways in
Solving Problems
Caused by Vector Percen
Disease Total t
Stream Seeding 7 5%
Stream Cleaning 14 10%
Others 24 17%
Mechanical Means 34 24%
Use of insecticides 62 44%
TOTAL 141 100%
Infant Feeding
25
Table 25: Frequency Distribution According to the Choice of Milk fed to
Infants in Purok 1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Percent
Infant Care Total age
Formula Use 5 14%
Powdered Milk 7 20%
Breast Milk 23 66%
TOTAL 35 100%

Figure 25: Frequency Distribution According to the Choice of Milk fed to


Infants in Purok 1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Analysis and Interpretation:

The table shows that 66% of the infants in Purok 1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel are
breast fed, 20% are fed powdered milk and the remaining 14% are fed thru formula
use.
This indicates that most of the infants in Barangay Laurel acquired the necessary
nutrients that comes from a mother’s breast milk, but there are still 34% of the total
infant population who were not breast fed and is at risk for potential health
problems because of the absence of colostrum. This also indicates that the mothers
of the 34% of the total infant population needs more education about the
importance of breast milk for their children.

With this data, the health care workers should emphasize to the expectant mothers
the nutritional aspect that their babies can get from breast feeding and the
psychological bonding which develops between the mother and child which is
unparalleled and cannot be substituted with other ways of feeding their children.

FAMILY PLANNING

Table 26: Frequency Distribution According to the Family Planning Method


the Couples are using in Purok 1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Family Planning
Methods AWA UTILIZE NOT
Acceptable RE D AWARE
Rhythm/Calendar 62 39 47
Cervical Mucus 49 3 86
Condom 70 22 46
IUD 62 3 73
Pills 69 44 25
Vasectomy 64 0 74
Tubal Ligation 68 6 64
Unacceptable
Withdrawal 51 53 44
Analysis and Interpretation:

According to the table above, the most utilized family planning method is the usage
of pills. 44 of the respondents trust pills. Primarily, because it is most convenient to
use. Its very much accessible and available in the market. It is also one of the
leading most effective ways of contraception. Followed by the withdrawal method
which constitutes 43 respondents that were interviewed, which is probably because
this method is free and always available and does not have any side effects.
Rhythm or Calendar method on the other hand, is something that should be done
only if the couple is very well disciplined. Since, you can do it on a specific time,
impatient couples are not to use this kind of family planning method. Although this
doesn’t require even one penny at all. Condoms on the other hand is the most and
highly endorsed method of family planning. But if we will look through it, it is really
more on protection from sexually transmitted diseases rather than as a form of
contraceptive. Condoms are highly used by people who are engaging in pre marital
sex with the fear that their partner is promiscuous. Some mothers on the other
hand, preferred to have tubal ligation to end her maternity role of being pregnant
again.

There is also a very high incidence of unawareness with other family planning
methods such as IUD, Cervical Mucus and Vasectomy. With the data gathered, the
health centers should disseminate information on the different methods of family
planning, its advantages and disadvantages and its comparison to the other
methods.

COMMUNITY HEALTH PROGRAMS


27

Community Health AWA UTILIZE NOT


Programs RE D AWARE
Free Consultation 69 57 12
DPT Immunization 78 50 10
Well Baby Clinic 76 44 18
Prenatal Check-up 65 36 37
Anti-Rabies Vaccine 69 9 60
Use of Iodized Salt 47 18 73
Anti-TB 88 12 38

HEALTH SEEKING BEHAVIOR

Table 28: Frequency Distribution According to Health Seeking Behaviors in


Purok 1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

First Person Consulted in


Times of Illness Total Percent
Others 1 1%
Relatives 2 1%
Family Members 4 3%
BHW 5 4%
Hilot 6 4%
Nurse 9 7%
Albularyo 37 27%
Doctor 74 54%
TOTAL 138 100%

Figure 28: Frequency Distribution According to Health Seeking Behaviors


in Purok 1, 2, and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Analysis and Interpretation:

The community relies mostly to the doctors for their health services during times of
illness for its reliability and accessibility. 54% of the total population consults the
doctors first. The table also shows that up until now there are still people who come
up to arbolaryos of which there is no scientific evidence to their way of curing
people. That is a large percentage of 27% which is actually second to the highest of
the health seeking behaviors in the barangay. This is probably because the
medications dispensed from the hospitals are too expensive and the people would
like to have cheaper alternatives from which they consult these quack doctors with
the misinformation that they will be cured with their recommended meds.

The health center should disseminate their health programs so that all the people in
the community are informed of what services they can get. At the same time, they
should very well explain the efficiency of their recommended medicines and
furthermore discuss with the patients why they need to take it and why it cannot be
just replaced with something cheaper.

MORBIDITY CHARACTERS

Table 29: Frequency Distribution According to Morbidity in Purok 1, 2, and


3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

MORBIDITY Total Percent


Asthma 6 23%
Diarrhea 4 15%
Cough 2 8%
Fever 1 4%
Colds 2 8%
Stroke 1 4%
Flu 3 12%
Diabetes 2 8%
Fracture 1 4%
Hypertension 1 4%
Cholecystitis 1 4%
Ear Pus 1 4%
Dengue Hemorrhagic
Fever 1 4%
TOTAL 26 100%

Figure 29: Frequency Distribution According to Morbidity in Purok 1, 2,


and 3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Analysis and Interpretation:

The morbidity rate is the percentage of the diseases that are mostly encountered by
the people surveyed. On the data above, the highest cause of illnesses are Asthma,
Flu and Diarrhea. These are the most frequent occurring illness among the residents
of the area. Asthma account for 23% of the diseases in the area. Dusts, molds,
allergens and irritants are some of the causes of asthma which may probably be the
reason why there is a high incidence of the diseases in the area.
Flu, cough and colds which are both respiratory problems are easily acquired by the
residents primarily because of weather changes and insufficient ways to gather
heat. These are also communicable diseases which imply that in a household with
no room, the members could easily get infected. Diarrhea and other water borne
diseases are also prominent in the area, this is probably because not all the
residents are drinking potable water rather taking tap water which can be a
breeding ground for microorganisms. Most of the residents are not taking actions in
purifying their water too. The residents should be informed about the complications
of diarrhea which can cause dehydration and can greatly affect children and even
lead to death. The health center should encourage the people to boil their water if
they are unable to purchase distilled ones.

MORTALITY RATES

Table 30: Frequency Distribution According to Mortality in Purok 1, 2, and


3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

MORTALITY Total Percent


Liver Cirrhosis 1 7%
Enlargement of the
Heart 1 7%
Heart Attack 7 50%
Old age 1 7%
Accident 2 14%
Cord coil 1 7%
Colon Cancer 1 7%
TOTAL 14 100%

Figure 30: Frequency Distribution According to Mortality in Purok 1, 2, and


3 of Barangay Laurel, Batangas

Analysis and Interpretation:


The mortality rate is the percentage of the highest reason why people in a certain
area die. In the surveyed community, 14 people died in the last 3 years. And in
these 14 people, 50% died because of heart attack. Heart attack has been a major
problem across all over the world. Heart attack is very much manageable. But if
uninformed it could lead to serious illnesses and eventually death. With proper
nutrition and avoidance of too much fatty food, heart attack would not come your
way. Even if you it runs through the family, with a balanced diet, heart
complications could be prevented.

Problem Identified

Action Plan