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7/24/2015

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SAPforRetail / ISRetail

ISRetailMasterData
AddedbyHeikeRawe,lasteditedbyMohamedAmeronJul23,2014

MasterDatainSAPforRetail:Accurate,ReliableandTimely
MasterdataiscrucialasthefoundationforalloperationalprocessesinallareasofSAPforRetail.Accurate,reliableandtimelyinformationthatintegratescorebusinessprocessesacrossmultiplechannels
isneededeverywhere.Theassortmentofarticles,businesspartners,andtheretailcompaniesstructurewithitsbranches,warehouses,stores,andothersaleschannels,areallbuiltonmasterdata.The
relationshipbetweenthecompanyanditsvendorsisalsorecordedinmasterdataasisthebasicdataforidentifyingarticles.

KeyMasterDataObjectsandFeatures
Belowisalistofthekeymasterdataobjectsandtheirfeatures.Clicktheobjectnameforfurtherdetailedinformation.
Object

SubCategory

Comment

TargetinSAP
LibrarySAP
forRetail

Organizational

n/a

Theorganizationalstructureoffersthepossibilitytomaintainthelegalandtheinternalstructureofacompany.

structure
Vendor

Organizational
Structure

n/a

Abusinesspartnerfromwhomgoodsorservicescanbeordered.Inretailcompaniesthetermvendorcanhaveasimilarexpression

Business

suchassupplier.Inthefollowing,thetermvendorisused.

PartnerMaster
DataVendor

Customer
Site

n/a

Abusinesspartnerwithwhomabusinessrelationshipexists,involvingtheissueofgoodsorservices.

Distribution

Distrubtioncenterenablesothersitesand/orcustomerstobesuppliedwithgoods.

Center

Storeisalocationinwhichgoodsareputonsaletotheconsumer.

Store

Department/shopconceptoffersthepossibilitytotreattheexistingdepartmentsinastoreasstandaloneunits.Thedepartmentshave

Department/

tobedefinedasshops,andthestoresitecategoryasadepartmentstore.Inthiscontext,thedepartmentstorerepresentsthe

Shop

organizationalgroupingofindividualshops.

Customer
SiteMasterData

Concept
Item

Hierarchies

n/a

Article

InRetailCompaniesthetermitemcanhavesimilarexpressionslikearticle,products,material,styles,sku,etc.Inthefollowingtheterm

ArticleMaster

itemisused.

Data

Thetwohierarchiesofferthepossibilitytogrouparticles.

Grouping

Hierarchy

Articles

Merchandise
Category
Hierarchy
Assortment

n/a

Assortmentmanagementinthisdocumentisidenticalwithlisting.Listingmeanstheassignmentofarticlestotheassortment.

Assortment

n/a

Optionalwaytomaintaincustomerandvendordatainonetransaction.

Business

Management
Business
Partner

PartnerMaster
Data

KeyMasterDataObjectsandFeaturesinDetail
OrganizationalStructure
Organizational

Description

Structure
Finance

CompanyCodeAnindependentaccountingunitthatrepresentsanindependentcompanyinthelegalsense.Itisthecentralorganizationalelementin

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FinancialAccounting.

Purchasing

PurchasingOrganizationProcuresarticlesformultiplesitesandnegotiatespurchasingconditionswiththevendors.
PurchaseGroupContainsoneormorepurchasersinthesenseofapurchasingdepartment.Purchasinggroupsareresponsibleforthemaintenance
ofmasterdataandcontrolparametersaswellastheoperationalprocessingofpurchasing.Authorizationscanbeassignedforeachpurchasinggroup.
PurchasingAreaCanbeusedasaconnectionbetweenpurchasingorganizationandpurchasinggroup.Apurchasinggroupcanonlybeassignedto
onepurchasingareainapurchasingorganization.

Sales

SalesOrganizationStandsforasellingunitinthelegalsense.Salestransactionsarealwaysprocessedwithinasalesorganization.
DistributionChannelMeansthroughwhichitemsreachthecustomer,e.g.retailtrade,wholesales,directsales.
DistributionChainCombinationofasalesorganizationandadistributionchannel.Thedistributionchainisusedforreportingandpricing.
DivisionRepresentsaproductline.Adivisionmustbedefined,althoughSAPRetaildoesnotmakeuseofitforretailingfunctions
SalesAreaThecombinationofdistributionchannelanddivisioncreatesasalesarea.

Valuation/Inventory

ValuationAreaOrganizationalunitinlogisticssubdividinganenterpriseforthepurposeofuniformandcompletevaluationofitemstocks.Inretail

Management

valuationarea,itneedstocorrespondtoasite.
InventoryManagementwithoutWarehouseManagementTocontrolgoodsflowwithinanenterpriseitisnecessarytomaintainitemsstocksina
system.Quantitybasestockkeepingisdoneatthelevelofstoragelocation.
InventoryManagementwithWarehouseManagementForcomplexdistributioncentersthewarehousemanagementsystemallowsvisibilityofstocks
atthelevelofstoragebins.

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Vendor
Avendorisabusinesspartnerfromwhomgoodsandservicescanbeprocured.Thefollowingtypesofvendorscanbedistinguished:
InternalVendorWhensitescarryoutvendorfunctions,theyprovidegoodsforothercustomersorsites.Additionaltositemasterdatavendormasterdataarecreated,too.
Normallyonlydistributioncentersaremaintainedasinternalvendors.
ExternalVendor
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Customer
Acustomerisabusinesspartnerwithwhomyouexchangegoodsandservices.Thefollowingtypesofcustomerscanbedistinguished:
InternalCustomerWhensitescarryoutcustomerfunctions,theyreceivegoodsorservicesfromexternalvendorsorothersites.Additionaltothesitemastercustomermaster
dataarecreated,too.
ExternalCustomer
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Site
Asiteisanorganizationalunitusedtodocumentgoodsstoredindistributioncentersandstoresforthepurposesofinventorymanagement,andtomodeltheassociatedbusiness
processes,suchasgoodsreceipt,physicalinventoryandgoodsissue.Therearetwotypesofsites:
DistributionCenterEnablesothersitesand/orcustomerstobesuppliedwithgoods
StoreLocationinwhichgoodsareputonsaletotheconsumer
DepartmentShopConcept
Thetargetgroupsareretailcompaniesthatwanttoperformdetailedinventorymanagement,e.g.theexistingdepartmentsinastoreshouldbetreatedinasstandaloneunits.The
departmentshavetobedefinedasShops,andthestoreasDepartmentStore.
DepartmentstoreOrganizationalunitthatunifiesthevariousgoodsgroupsofthecompanyunderoneumbrella.Thedepartmentstorehasnoinventorymanagingcharacterfor
goodsthatareintendedfortheconsumer.
ShopShopisagroupingofgoodsofvariousarticlegroupsthatoughttobepresentedtotheconsumerinaconsistentoverallpicture.Theshopispartofadepartmentstore.
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ItemManagement
SolutionMapforRetail(MerchandiseLifecycleItemManagement)Thisbusinessscenariosupportsvariousfunctionsforcreatingandmaintainingitemswithallbusinessrelated
attributesneededinyourcompany.Itincludesalsoalldiscontinuationrelatedfunctionstoremoveitemsfromassortments.
ThefollowingprocessescontributetotheItemManagementscenario:
GlobalDataSynchronization(PRICATInbound)Theiteminboundprocessoffersimportfunctionalityandmassadoptionofitemdatawheretheitemdatacomesfromexternal
datapoolsorfromsuppliers(peertopeerscenario).Efficientmaintenanceisofmajorimportanceforretailersbecauseofhighdatavolumes.
ItemIntroductionThisprocesscontainsvariousfunctionsforcreatingitemswithallbusinessrelatedattributesneededinyourcompany.Thisincludesfunctionstocreateand
changeitemdata.
ItemMassMaintenanceItemMassMaintenanceprocesscontainsvariousfunctionsformaintainingseveralitemdatainonestep.
ItemDiscontinuationItemDiscontinuationprocesscontainsvariousfunctionstoexcludeitemsfromtheassortmentofyourcompanyasofacertaindate,forexample,ifyouno
longersellcertainitemsoriftheycannolongerbedelivered.

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AdditionalDocumentationforItemManagement
MasterGuideforSAPforRetailBusinessSuite2007(Assortmentonpage15,CategoryBusinessPlanningonpage18,ChainwideInventoryManagementonpage20,Item
Managementonpage30)(SMPcredentialsrequired).
ArticleMasterDataofERPRetailDeepdiveintosomesecrets.Thisarticlegivesashortintroductionintotheoverall"IntegratedArticleMaster".Itisnotanotherkindofhelp
documentation,butadeepdiveintothearchitecture,processflowandinfluencefactors.Itwillshowyoutheideabehindmassdataprocessing,referencehandling,inheritand
copyhandling,performanceinfluencefactorsandsomebestpracticestoavoidcriticalsituations.
StructuredArticlemaintenanceinSAPERPThisarticlegivessomebasicinformationaboutthemaintenanceofstructuredarticlesinSAPERPandhintsonwheretofindmore
information.
EAN/GTIN(EuropeanArticleNumber/GlobalTradeItemNumber)ThisdocumentgivesyouanoverviewaboutthecapabilitiesofSAPtohandleEAN/GTIN.Itisnot
anothertypeofhelpdocumentation,butadeepdiveintothearchitecture,processflowandinfluencefactors.Itwillgiveyoutipsandtricksaboutcustomizing,numberranges,
additionalexternalknowledgesourcesandakindoftroubleshootingguide.
ArticleMasterDatamasscreationfortestingLearnfromthisblogtheeasiestwaytocreate300fresharticles.EveraskedyourselfwhatRWRFMATCOPYstandsfor?Read
onandlearnhowtouseit.
BlogAngryabouttheuglyproducthierarchyinSDscreensLearnveryquicklyhowtoswitchfrom"usual"producthierarchynavigationtotreenavigation.
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Hierarchies
MerchandiseCategoryHierarchy
Eacharticlehastobeassignedtoonlyonemerchandisecategory.Merchandisecategoriescanbegroupedintomerchandisecategoryhierarchylevels.Merchandisecategory
hierarchylevelscan,inturn,beassignedtohigherhierarchylevels.Theresultisamerchandisecategoryhierarchy.Thisallowsyoutoclassifyandstructuretheentirerangeofgoods
offeredforsalebyyourcompany(breadthanddepth).

ArticleHierarchy
AnArticleHierarchycanbeusedtoholdanygivenhierarchicalarticlegroupinge.g.acombinationofarticlesingroupsfromasalesperspective.
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AssortmentManagement
Anassortmentisanobjecttowhicharticlesareassignedforaspecifictimeframe(validityperiod),sothattheycanbemanagedindistributioncentersorstoresorforcustomers.The
followingtypesofassortmentareavailable:
LocalAssortmentsWhenasite(storeordistributioncenter)iscreated,thesystemautomaticallycreatesalocalassortmentwhichitthenassignstothesite.Thislocal
assortmentissitespecificandcannotbeassignedtoanyothersite.Eachsitehasexactlyonelocalassortment.
GeneralAssortmentsGeneralAssortmentsarecreatedmanually.Generalassortmentscanbeassignedtoanynumberofcustomers,storesanddistributioncenter.Bythisa
significantreductionofdatavolumesoflistingconditionsandanincreasedperformanceoflistingproceduresitcanbeachieved.
Theassignmentoftheindividualarticlestoassortmentsisrecordedinwhatarecalledlistingconditions.Theselistingconditionsdeterminewhicharticlescanbeboughtand/orsold
foreachstore.Listingproceduresdeterminehowthesystemcheckstheassignmentofarticlestoassortments.
AdditionalDocumentationforAssortmentManagement
CategoryManagementArebestpracticespossible?ReadthisblogbyDieterBeckertogainmoreinsightaboutcategorymanagement.
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BusinessPartner
Thisisofprimeinterestifabusinesspartnerplaysdifferentrolesforacompany,suchasvendorandcustomer.Itispossibletocreateandmanagethebusinesspartnerscentrallyfor
differentbusinesstransactions.Exampleaddressandbankdataareonlycreatedonceinasystem.
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Qualification
SAPIRT310MasterDatainSAPforRetail(SMPcredentialsrequired)
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RelatedTopics
RunSAPforRetailBestPracticesforSolutionOperation
Forretailer'sglobalendtoendsolutionswithtypicallyhighdatavolumes,anoptimizedoperationalconceptiskeyforloweringoperatingcosts,proactivelyavoidingincidents,ensuringastablesystem
performanceandenablinggrowthandinnovation."RunSAPforRetail"providesBestPracticesforSolutionOperationshelpingyoutosetupanoperationalconceptforRetailsolutions.Findmore
information,gotoRunSAPforRetail.

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DataVolumeManagementforSAPRetailwikipage(SMPcredentialsrequired)Thisdocumentdescribesmainretailbusinessprocessesandtheircontributiontodatagrowthinaretailenvironment.As
datavolumemanagementstrategies,itcontainsspecificpossibilitiesofdataavoidance,summarisation,deletionandarchiving.Thisalsoreferstomasterdata.

DirectStoreDeliveryforRetail
DirectStoreDeliveryforRetailisabusinessprocesstosellanddistributegoodsviadistributorsdirectlytotheretailer'sstore,typicallybypassingtheretailer'swarehouses.Themanufacturerdetermines
theregionalcoverageresponsibilitiesoftheconcerneddistributors,thedirectbusinessrelationshipsexistbetweentheretailerandthedistributorswhichactasvendors.
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ArticleMasterSteps
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ISRetailArticleMasterData
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