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Section A
Bahagian A
[80 marks]
[80 markah]
Answer all questions from this section.
Jawab semua soalan daripada bahagian ini.
1.

The functions f and g are defined as f : x , x and g : x 3x. Find


Fungsi-fungsi f dan g ditakrifkan sebagai f : x , x dan g : x 3x. Cari
(a) f1(x)
[4 marks]
[4 markah]
(b) f1g(x)
[3 marks]
[3 markah]
(c) gf1(x)
[3 marks]
[3 markah]

The functions f and g are defined as f : x , x and g : x 3x. Find


Fungsi-fungsi f dan g ditakrifkan sebagai f : x , x dan g : x 3x. Cari
(a) f1(x)
[4 marks]
[4 markah]
(b) f1g(x)
[3 marks]
[3 markah]
(c) gf1(x)
[3 marks]
[3 markah]

(a) Solve the quadratic equation 3x2 + 8x 3 = 0.


Selesaikan persamaan kuadratik 3x2 + 8x 3 = 0.
[5 marks]
[5 markah]
(b) Quadratic equation mx2 + 2nx 7 = 0, where m and n are constants, has two equal roots.
Express m in terms of n.
Persamaan kuadratik mx2 + 2nx 7 = 0, di mana m dan n adalah pemalar, mempunyai
dua punca. Ungkapan m dalam sebutan n.
[5 marks]
[5 markah]

The quadratic equation 5x2 + sx + t = 0 has roots 7 and 6. Find


Persamaan kuadratik 5x2 + sx + t = 0 mempunyai punca-punca 7 dan 6. Cari
(a) the values of s and t
nilai s dan t

5
[5 marks]
[5 markah]
(b) the range of the values of 5x2 + sx + t = 9m such that m does not have real roots
julat nilai 5x2 + sx + t = 9m supaya m tidak mempunyai punca nyata
[5 marks]
[5 markah]
5

Given y = x2 + px + q = (x + m)2 + n.
Diberi y = x2 + px + q = (x + m)2 + n
(a) Express p and q in terms of m and/or n.
Ungkapkan p dan q dalam sebutan m dan/atau n.
[3 marks]
[3 markah]
(b) If p = 14, state the axis of symmetry of the curve.
Jika p = 14, nyatakan paksi simetri lengkung itu.
[2 marks]
[2 markah]
(c) The straight line y = 6 touches the curve y = x2 + px + q at one point.
Garis lurus y = 6 menyentuh lengkung y = x2 + px + q pada satu titik.
(i) Express q in terms of p.
Ungkapkan q dalam sebutan p.
(ii) Hence, sketch the graph of the curve.
Maka, lakarkan graf lengkung itu.
[5 marks]
[5 markah]

Diagram 1 shows the curve of a quadratic function y = 4x2 + px + 7. The curve has a minimum
point at T(1, h) and cuts the y-axis at point S.
Rajah 1 menunjukkan lengkung bagi fungsi kuadratik y = 4x2 + px + 7. Lengkung itu
mempunyai titik minimum pada T(1, h) dan memotong paksi-y pada titik S.

Diagram 1
Rajah 1
(a) State the coordinates of S.
Nyatakan koordinat S.
[2 marks]
[2 markah]
(b) By using method of completing the square, find the values of p and h.
Dengan menggunakan kaedah penyempurnaan kuasa dua, cari nilai p dan h.
[5 marks]

6
[5 markah]
(c) Determine the range of values of x, if y 7.
Tentukan julat nilai x, jika y 7.
[3 marks]
[3 markah]
7

Solve the simultaneous equations


Selesaikan persamaan serentak
x + 6y = 10
y2 2 = x
[5 marks]
[5 markah]

Solve the simultaneous equations


Selesaikan persamaan serentak
x 3y = 10
x2 6y2 = 8
[5 marks]
[5 markah]

The locus of a moving point P is given by x2 + y2 9x 3y + 20 = 0.


Lokus titik bergerak P diberi sebagai x2 + y2 9x 3y + 20 = 0.
Show that
Tunjukkan bahawa
(a) the locus P intersects the x-axis at two points.
lokus P bersilang dengan paksi-x pada dua titik.
[4 marks]
[4 markah]
(b) the straight line y = 3x 7 is a tangent to the locus P.
garis lurus y = 3x 7 adalah tangen kepada lokus P.
[6 marks]
[6 markah]

Section B
Bahagian B
[20 marks]

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[20 markah]
Answer any TWO questions from this section.
Jawab mana-mana dua soalan daripada bahagian ini.
10 Diagram 3 shows a set of data.
Rajah 3 menunjukkan satu set data.
18, 32, 37, 54, 57
Diagram 3
Rajah 3
Determine the mean, variance and standard deviation of the data.
Tentukan varians dan sisihan piawai data itu.
[10 marks]
[10 markah]
11 Diagram 4 shows a sector OAB of a circle with centre O. Point C lies on OA, point D lies on
OB and CD is perpendicular to OB. The length of OC is 4 cm and AOB is 1.0472 radians.
Rajah 4 menunjukkan sektor OAB sebuah bulatan yang berpusat O. Titik C terletak pada OA,
titik D terletak pada OB dan CD adalah berserenjang dengan OB. Panjang OC ialah 4 cm
dan AOB ialah 1.0472 radians.

Diagram 4
Rajah 4
Given that OC : OA = 4 : 13.
Diberi OC : OA = 4 : 13.
[Use = 3.142]
[Guna = 3.142]
Find
Carikan
(a) the length of CA,
panjang CA,
[2 marks]
[2 markah]
(b) the perimeter of the shaded region.
perimeter rantau berlorek.
[4 marks]

8
[4 markah]
(c) the area of the shaded region.
luas rantau berlorek.
[4 marks]
[4 markah]
12 Diagram 5 shows the monthly expenditure on the items A, B, C and D. Table 2 shows the
prices, the price indices for the year 1998 based on the year 1997 and weightages for the items.
Rajah 5 menunjukkan perbelajaan bulanan pada barangan A, B, C dan D. Jadual 2
menunjukkan harga, indeks harga tahun 1998 berasaskan tahun 1997 dan pemberat bagi
barangan itu.

Diagram 5
Rajah 5
Price per unit
(RM)
Harga per unit
Item
(RM)
Baranga
Year
Year
n
1997
1998
Tahun Tahun
1997
1998
A
y
5.52
B
7.30
8.03
C
1.00
x
D
9.20
9.20
Table 2
Jadual 2

Price
index
Indeks
harga

80
w
150
100

(a) Find the values of


Carikan nilai-nilai
(i) w
(ii) x
(iii) y
[4 marks]
[4 markah]

9
(b) Calculate the composite price index for the items in the year 1998 based on the year 1997.
Kirakan indeks harga gubahan bagi barangan-barangan itu pada tahun 1998 berasaskan
tahun 1997.
[2 marks]
[2 markah]
(c) The total expenditure for the items in the year 1997 is RM1790. Calculate the total
expenditure for the items in the year 1998.
Jumlah perbelanjaan bagi barangan-barangan itu pada tahun 1997 ialah RM1790.
Kirakan jumlah perbelanjaan bagi barangan-barangan itu pada tahun 1998.
[2 marks]
[2 markah]
(d) The cost of the items increases by 20% from the year 1998 to the year 2005. Find the
composite price index for the year 2005 based on the year 1997.
Kos barangan itu bertambah sebanyak 20% dari tahun 1998 ke tahun 2005. Carikan
indeks harga gubahan pada tahun 2005 berasaskan tahun 1997.
[2 marks]
[2 markah]
13 Table 3 shows the prices and the price indices for the year 2001 based on the year 1992 of four
components, W, X, Y and Z, used to make a type of toy. Diagram 6 shows a pie chart which
represents the relative quantity of the components used.
Jadual 3 menunjukkan harga dan indeks harga pada tahun 2001 berasaskan tahun 1992 bagi
empat komponen, W, X, Y dan Z, yang digunakan untuk membina sejenis mainan. Rajah 6
menunjukkan carta pai yang mewakili kuantiti relatif bagi komponen-komponen yang
digunakan.
Price per unit
(RM)
Harga per unit
(RM)
Component
Komponen Year
Year
1992
2001
Tahun Tahun
1992
2001
W
7.70
12.32
X
5.60
10.64
Y
8.00
14.40
Z
q
3.78
Table 3
Jadual 3

Price
index
Indeks
harga

p
190
180
140

10

Diagram 6
Rajah 6
(a) Find the values of
Carikan nilai-nilai
(i) p
(ii) q
[4 marks]
[4 markah]
(b) Calculate the composite price index for the production cost of the toy in the year 2001
based on the year 1992.
Kirakan indeks harga gubahan bagi kos pengeluaran bagi mainan pada tahun 2001
berasaskan tahun 1992.
[2 marks]
[2 markah]
(c) The composite price index for the production cost of the toy increases by 10% from the
year 2001 to the year 2010. Calculate
Indeks harga gubahan bagi kos pengeluaran mainan itu bertambah sebanyak 10% dari
tahun 2001 ke tahun 2010. Kirakan
(i) the composite price index for the production cost of the toy in the year 2010 based on
the year 1992,
indeks harga gubahan bagi kos pengeluaran mainan itu pada tahun 2010 berasaskan
tahun 1992,
(ii) the price of a box of the toy in the year 2010 if its price in the year 1992 is RM25.80.
harga sekotak mainan itu pada tahun 2010 jika harganya pada tahun 1992 ialah
RM25.80.
[4 marks]
[4 markah]

Prepared by:

Verified by:

Pn. Sasi Kala Ramayah


Additional Mathematics Teacher

Pn. Zaiton Abd. Rani


Ketua Bidang Sains & Matematik

11
FINAL EXAM - PAPER 2 ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS FORM 4
Answer:
1

(a) Let f1(x) = y


So f(y) = x
=x
5 = x(5y + 7)
5 = 5xy + 7x
7x 5 = 5xy
y=
Therefore f1(x) = , x 0
(b) f1g(x) = f1(g(x))
= f1(3x)
=
=,x0
1
(c) gf (x) = g(f1(x))
= g()
= 3()
=,x0

(a) Let f1(x) = y


So f(y) = x
=x
y 5 = x(4y + 1)
y 5 = 4xy + x
y 4xy = x + 5
y(1 4x) = x + 5
y=
Therefore, f1(x) = , x
(b) f1g(x) = f1(g(x))
= f1(3x)
=
=,x
(c) gf1(x) = g(f1(x))
= g()
= 3()
=,x

(a) 3x2 + 8x 3 = 0
(3x 1)(x + 3) = 0
3x 1 = 0
x=
or
x+3=0
x = 3
(b) b2 4ac = 0
(2n)2 4(m)(7) = 0
4n2 + 28m = 0
m = n2

12

(a) (x a)(x b) = 0
(x + 7)(x 6) = 0
x2 + x 42 = 0
5x2 + 5x 210 = 0
Therefore,
s = 5 and t = 210
(b) 5x2 + sx + t = 9m
5x2 + 5x 210 9m = 0
The equation does not have real roots
b2 4ac < 0
(5)2 4(5)(210 9m) < 0
25 + 4200 + 180m < 0
180m < 4225
m<

(a) y = x2 + px + q
= x2 + px + ()2 ()2 + q
= (x + )2 + q
Compare (x + m)2 + n and (x + )2 + q
m=
n=q
(b) m =
=
= 7
The axis of symmetry is x = 7
(c) (i) The minimum point of the curve is on y = 6
q = 6
q=6
(ii) q = 6
= 49 6
= 43
When x = 0, y = q = 43

(a) x = 0
y = 4(0)2 + p(0) + 7
=7
Therefore, S(0, 7)
(b) y = 4x2 + px + 7
= 4(x2 + px + )
= 4[x2 + px + (p)2 (p)2 + ]

13
= 4[(x + p)2 p2 + ]
= 4(x + p)2 p2 + 7
Maximum point = T(1, h)
1+p=0
p = 8
p2 + 7 = h
(8)2 + 7 = h
h=3
(c)

From the graph, when y 7,


the range of values of x is 0 x 2
7

x + 6y = 10 (1)
y2 2 = x
From (1),
x = 10 6y (3)
Substitute (3) into (2),
y2 2 = 10 6y
y2 + 6y + 8 = 0
(y + 4)(y + 2) = 0
y = 4 or y = 2
When y = 4,
x = 10 6(4)
x = 14
When y = 2,
x = 10 6(2)
x=2
x = 14, y = 4 or x = 2, y = 2

x 3y = 10 (1)
x2 6y2 = 8 (2)
From (1),
x = 10 + 3y (3)
Substitute (3) into (2).
(10 + 3y)2 6y2 = 8
9y2 60y + 100 6y2 = 8
3y2 60y + 108 = 0

14
y2 20y + 36 = 0
(y 18)(y 2) = 0
y = 18 or y = 2
Substitute y = 18 into (3)
x = 10 + 3(18)
= 44
Substitute y = 2 into (3)
x = 10 + 3(2)
= 4
x = 44, y = 18 or x = 4, y = 2
9

(a) Area of ABC


=| |
= 68
| 10x + 60 + 3y 10y + 30 6x | = 68
16x 7y + 90 = 136
16x 7y 46 = 0
8x 5y = 6 (1)
16x 7y = 46 (2)
(1) 2,
16x 10y = 12 (3)
(2) + (3),
16x 16x 10y 7y = 12 + 46
17y = 34
y = 2
Substitute y = 2 into (1),
8x 5(2) = 6
8x = 16
x = 2
Hence A = (2, 2)
(b) = 0
2f + 6e = 0
=
e:f=1:3

10

(a) When y = 0,
x2 9x + 20 = 0
(x 4)(x 5) = 0
x = 4 or x = 5
Hence, locus P intersects the xaxis at (4, 0)and (5, 0).
(b) y = 3x 7 (1)

15
x2 + y2 9x 3y + 20 = 0 (2)
Substitute (1) into (2),
x2 + (3x 7)2 9x 3(3x 7) + 20 = 0
x2 + 9x2 42x + 49 9x2 9x + 21 + 20 = 0
10x2 60x + 90 = 0
x2 6x + 9 = 0
b2 4ac
= (6)2 4(1)(9)
=0
Hence, y = 3x 7 is a tangent to the locus P.
11

fx

f(x x)2

3
4
5
6
7

1
3
3.5344
10
40
7.744
15
75
0.216
4
24
5.0176
2
14
8.9888
f =
fx =
f(x x)2 = 25.5008
32
156
Mean, x=
= 4.88
Variance, 2 =
= 0.8
Standard deviation, =
= 0.89
12

x
(x x)2
18
466.56
32
57.76
37
6.76
54
207.36
57
302.76
= 198
(x x)2 = 1041.2
Mean, x=
= 39.6
Variance, 2 =
= 208.24
Standard deviation, =
= 14.43

13

(a) OC : OA = 4 : 13
OA = 4
= 13
CA = 9
(b) CD = 4 sin 1.0472
= 3.464 cm

16
OD = 4 cos 1.0472
= 2 cm
DB = 13 2
= 11 cm
Length of arc AB
= 13 1.0472
= 13.614 cm
Perimeter of the shaded region
= 3.464 + 11 + 13.614 + 9
= 37.078 cm
(c) Area of sector OAB
= 132 1.0472
= 88.488 cm2
Area of triangle OCD
= 2 3.464
= 3.464 cm2
Area of the shaded region
= 88.488 3.464
= 85.024 cm2
14

(a) (i) Price index I = 100


w = 100
= 110
(ii) 150 = 100
x = 1.50
(iii) 80 = 100
y = 6.90
(b) I=
=
= 115
(c) 100 = 115
P1998 =
= RM2058.50
(d) 100 = 100
= 100
= 138

15

(a) (i) Price index I = 100


p = 100
= 160
(ii) 140 = 100
q = 2.70
(b) I=
=
= 174
(c) (i) I2010 = 174
= 191.4
(ii) P2010 = 25.8

17
= RM49.38