You are on page 1of 154

Ai,
simmmmmmm
Profi...

www.inhouseidiomas.com.br

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

1 .

2 .

WHICH MEANS TO BE… a) 100% cleared. e) cut by around 75%.1) IN RELATION TO THE BUDGET DEFICIT. 3 . d) increased by 15%. b) reduced by 50%. c) settled in percentages. IT IS SUPPOSED TO BE HALVED.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

CAMPEÃO
MUNDIAL FIFA

CAMPEÃO
LIBERTADORES
INVICTO

CAMPEÃO MUNDIAL
INVICTO

DEPARTMENT OF STATE AS 4 a) sluggish and transparent b) transparent. but time-consuming e) both well-defined and efficient .2) ARGENTINA’S CUSTOMS PROCEDURES ARE CONSIDERED BY THE U.S. but obsolete c) obscure and sluggish d) innovative.

3) THE EXPRESSION “TO WEATHER A CRISIS ” MEANS a) b) c) d) e) to avoid a crisis to survive a crisis to provoke a crisis to intensify a crisis to succumb a crisis 5 .

IN OTHER 6 WORDS. THE FISCAL. c) programmes successfully spoused by California. a) policies which have been favouring California´s growth.. .47) IN PARAGRAPH 2. e) incentives recently promoted by the Californian government. b) pressure currently preventing California´s development. THE AUTHOR MENTIONS “THE FISCAL STRAIN NOW HOBBLING CALIFORNIA”.. d) measures which have steadily gained acceptance.

7 .

8 .

.

With a Foot in Every Cellblock and a Hand on Every File .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

PLEASE.. THEY ARE SIMILAR TO. . MEMORIZE THE FOLLOWING WORDS..

Adamant Alarming Annoying Appalling Atrocious Awful Bad Bleak .

Boring Bothersome Depressing Difficult Dim Dire Dismal Downward .

Displeasing Dreadful Dreary Dull Dwindling Faint Fearsome Frightening .

Frightful Gloomy Grim Hard Harrowing Horrendous Horrible Hurtful .

Idle Inflexible Irksome Maddening Miserable Misty Monotonous Murky Nagging .

Niggling Offensive On the wane Outrageous Pesky Shadowy Shady Shocking .

Slothful Slow moving Sluggish Terrible Terrifying Thankless Thorny Tiresome .

Tiring Tricky Troublesome Unappreciated Unbending Unrewarding Upsetting .

Vexing Wearing Wearisome Worrisome .

Muito bem...mas.. . e se nos depararmos com algum antônimo de “DISMAL” ? Por exemplo..

Blossoming Booming Budding Burgeoning Developing Emergent .

Escalating Evolving Expanding Flourishing Growing Increasing .

Intensifying Mounting On the increase On the rise Promising Prosperous Puffiness .

Rising Sprouting Swelling Thriving Up-and-coming Uphill Upward .

To To To To To To To To To To To begin – began – begun commence create found initiate institute kick off launch set out set up start .

.

.

.

.

e se nos depararmos com algum sinônimo de “to end” ? ...Muito bem.mas.

To cease To come to an end To conclude To curb To end To expire To finish .

To halt To interrupt To perish To run out – ran out – run out To stem To stop To terminate .

..e se nos depararmos com algum verbo que significa o oposto de “to end” ? Por exemplo: “to start” ..

.

9 .

e) might bring about growth in the EU. d) could have affected the EU. 10 b) may still hit the European Union. THE GLOBAL ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL CRISIS a) has impacted on the EU. c) has caused tax reductions in the EU.48) ACCORDING TO PARAGRAPH 1. .

the disregard for environmental issues. b. c.4) THE TEXT MENTIONS MASS LAYOFFS. WHICH MEANS… a. the hiring of under-qualified employees. the huge increase of certain trade tariffs. d. the dismissal of numerous employees. 11 . the disrespect for local legal requirements. e.

d. c. the dismissal of numerous employees.4) THE TEXT MENTIONS MASS LAYOFFS. the hiring of under-qualified employees. the disregard for environmental issues. e. the huge increase of certain trade tariffs. WHICH MEANS… a. b. 11 . the disrespect for local legal requirements.

4) THE TEXT MENTIONS MASS LAYOFFS,
WHICH MEANS…

a. the hiring of under-qualified employees.
b. the huge increase of certain trade tariffs.
c. the dismissal of numerous employees.
d. the disregard for environmental issues.
e. the disrespect for local legal requirements.

11

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

6) THE HEADLINE OF THE ARTICLE STATES THAT “THE WORLD’S THREE LARGEST ECONOMIES ARE LIMPING”. d) underpinning global growth. a) currently experiencing difficulties.. e) experiencing a high-tech investment boom. WHICH MEANS THEY ARE.. . b) exporting to emerging markets 12 c) finding domestic solutions.

13 .

. d) deepened it. 14 b) regulated it. GLOBALIZATION HAS SHATTERED THE PREVIOUS MODEL. IN OTHER WORDS. e) strengthened it. c) reinforced it. GLOBALIZATION HAS… a) destroyed it.46) ACCORDING TO THE AUTHOR.

e) decreased. b) lessened.. d) faded. 14 .. c) diminished. a) widened.49) ACCORDING TO PARAGRAPH 3. THE ROLE PLAYED BY THE PUBLIC SECTOR.

. . BRAZIL’S PRESIDENT REFERS TO “STRENGTHENING MERCOSUL AS A PRIORITY” IN OTHER WORDS. d) unnecessary.. b) unattainable. e) advisable. A MEASURE HE CONSIDERED. c) pivotal. 15 a) risky.50) IN HIS ANSWER TO QUESTION 1.

.51) IN HIS ANSWER TO QUESTION 2. 16 . a) the Brazilian domestic market was frail. LUIZ INÁCIO LULA DA SILVA SAYS THAT. b) a miracle did come about in Brazil. e) consumers were not willing to spend. d) part of the sales tax was lowered.. c) credit on affordable items was halved.

.

17 c) been prevented by internal regulations.. e) minimized the adverse effects of the world crisis.52) BRAZIL’S PRESIDENT REFERS TO THE COUNTRY’S DIVERSIFIED TRADE BALANCE AS HAVING. b) resulted from trade with one sole strategic partner. . d) been considered as an unattainable goal.. a) contributed to worsen the global economic crisis.

. d) affirms the significance of the state. b) criticizes initiatives derived from private ownership. . a) emphasizes the role played by the private sector.. e) disregards duties attributed to the state. c) sees the private sector as an inducer of growth. 18 BRAZIL’S PRESIDENT.53) IN HIS ANSWER TO QUESTION 3.

b) the three largest economies are insulated from this global downturn. ..1) According to the text. d) globalization prevents financial contagion and global recession. c) the economies of the world are closely linked and interdependent. . 19 a) a slowdown in the US economy does not affect the global economy.. e) emerging countries have constantly had the foresight to cut taxes.

e) The social security deficit and the GDP.2) What elements are intended to be decreased? 20 a) The GDP and the internal debt. . c) The local interest rates and the foreign GDP. d) The budget expenditures and the interest rates. b) The standard of living and the GDP.

21 . d) be abolished. the author states that the present “tax-free personal allowance” would… (ESAF/AFRF – 2005) a) remain unchanged. b) be cut. c) rise. e) be phased out.3) In paragraph 3.

8) THE TEXT IS INTRODUCED BY…
a) a figure.
b) an answer.
c) a query.
d) an explanation.
e) a forecast.

22

O texto era introduzido por esta sentença:
“DO WE KNOW HOW MUCH THE WORLD
ECONOMY AFFECTS THE UNITED STATES
AND VICE VERSA?”

10) ACCORDING TO THE AUTHOR,
GLOBAL CAPITALISM…
a. was born in Asia.
b. is undergoing changes.
c. should exclude certain regions.
d. encourages the monopoly.
e. was refused by the USA.

23

O título do texto referente a essa questão era:
“CAPITALISM RECONSIDERED”

11)
ACCORDING
TO
THE
TEXT,
“AMERICA’S
RECOVERY
IS
STALLING”, WHICH MEANS IT IS…
a) Exuberant.
b) Amazing.
c) Miraculous.
d) Speedy
e) Delayed.

24

WHICH MEANS IT… a) ought to be controlled. b) was controlled. 24 . d) must have been foreseen. e) might have been avoided.15) THE AUTHOR SAYS THAT “HYPERINFLATION WAS CONQUERED”. c) was achieved.

b) devalued. 25 . c) values.17. d) collapsed. THE AUTHOR TRIES TO EXPLAIN WHY THE EURO. IN PARAGRAPH 3. a) recovered. e) remains...

d) protective.S.21) THE WORD “MUSCULAR” (PARAGRAPH 2). FOREIGN POLICY IS… a) peaceable. IMPLIES THAT U. c) athletic. 26 . e) well-formed. b) belligerent.

b) Argentina and Turkey have restored their internal growth. c) Europe has remained insulated from the actual global downturn. d) Globalization has both its advantages and its drawbacks.23) ACCORDING TO THE INTERVIEWEE… a) Emerging countries are the ones. e) The threat of financial contagion has been overcome. 27 . which steer global economy.

d) a landmark in Estonia’s growth.25) The author mentions a slump in Estonia’s growth at the turn of the century which characterizes a) a much less successful period. b) a remarkable period of prosperity. 28 . c) a slightly better fiscal period. e) the beginning of Estonia’s growth.

The Word championing in paragraph 2. means… a) competently devising b) undeniably abjuring c) publicly supporting d) carefully assessing e) openly rejecting 29 .5.

etc. 5. system. usually cleverly means… or using imagination a) competently devising b) undeniably abjuring c) publicly supporting d) carefully assessing e) openly rejecting 30 .To devise = to invent a plan. object.. The Word championing in paragraph 2.

The Word championing in paragraph 2. means… a) competently devising b) undeniably abjuring c) publicly supporting d) carefully assessing e) openly rejecting 31 .5.

you noWord longer agree with a belief or means… way of behaving a) competently devising b) undeniably abjuring c) publicly supporting d) carefully assessing e) openly rejecting 31 .To abjure = to state publicly that 5. The championing in paragraph 2.

The Word championing in paragraph 2.5. means… a) competently devising b) undeniably abjuring c) publicly supporting d) carefully assessing e) openly rejecting 31 .

the amount. value. quality or means… importance of something a) competently devising b) undeniably abjuring c) publicly supporting d) carefully assessing e) openly rejecting 31 .To assess = to judge or decide 5. The Word championing in paragraph 2.

Porto Alegre’s budget system is… a) globalized b) conservative c) innovative d) traditional e) governmental 32 O título do texto era: “A new budget system” .27) According to the author.

28) The author refers to the “gloom“ about Latin America”. which conveys a feeling of… a) approval and consensus b) optimism c) hopelessness d) expectation and hope e) growing satisfaction 33 O título do texto era: “Wanted: a new regional agenda for economic growth” .

the Brazilian 2002 budget is likely to be... a) increased b) mishandled c) supplemented d) doubled e) slashed 34 O título do texto era: “The Brazilian budget” .29) According to the text.

30) According to the text. the rebuilding of state capacity… a) requires a long time b) might demand time c) is not time consuming d) must last long e) is immediate 35 O título do texto era: “The Brazilian budget” .

33) FROM THE TEXT.8% d) 30% of the population pay marginal tax e) Russian employment figures declined in 1999 36 . WE UNDERSTAND THAT … a) tax evasion is widespread in Russia b) most Russians obey the tax law c) many Russians have paid tax at 3.

HE MEANS THAT THESE COMPANIES… a) were sold at a reduced price b) went bankrupt c ) were illegally acquired d) were sold at a higher price e) were bought by pure Internet companies 37 .36) WHEN THE INTERVIEWEE REFERS TO “A BIG SELLOFF OF PURE INTERNET COMPANIES”.

37) AMBASSADOR ANTHONY HARRINGTON REFERS TO BRAZIL’S ATTITUDE IN RELATION TO ARGENTINA’S ECONOMIC SITUATION AS… a) cooperative b) unfriendly c) not tactful d) biased e) cold 38 .

WHICH MEANS IT… a) has suddenly fallen b) has rallied. e) has reached its highest quotation 39 . d) could have been depreciated.38) THE AUTHOR SAYS THAT THE BRAZILIAN CURRENCY HAS SLUMPED IN RECENT WEEKS. c) has not been hit.

.. a) useless b) not worthwhile c) a waste of time d) worthwhile e) too time consuming 40 .41) ACCORDING TO THE AUTHOR’S CONCLUSION. THE TIME YOU SPEND EXERCISING IS.

WE SHOULD LISTEN TO OUR BODY’S ADVISE TO “CUT BACK ON CAFFEINE”.42) ACCORDING TO DR. c) to increase caffeine consumption. LEE. d) to regularly consume caffeine. IN OTHER WORDS. e) to quit caffeine consumption. b) to reduce our caffeine intake. OUR BODY ADVISES US… a) not to stop drinking it. 41 .

43) IN HIS ANSWER TO QUESTION 1. DR. LEE WARNS AGAINST DRINKING LOTS OF CAFFEINE SINCE IT a) might cause a sudden faint b) can slow the heartbeats c) may accelerate the heartbeats d) will surely increase the heartbeats e) damages the heart muscle 42 .

44) THE SO-CALLED “FISCAL REFUGEES” ARE THE… a) fleeing taxpayers b) successful shareholders c) well-known tax attorneys d) notorious smugglers e) top company executives .

. d) reduced. e) charged. b) lifted. c) forbidden.45) THE AUTHOR STATES THAT THE VAT (VALUE-ADDED TAX) HAS BEEN… a) lowered.

.46) ACCORDING TO THE AUTHOR. IN OTHER WORDS. e) strengthened it. c) reinforced it. b) regulated it. GLOBALIZATION HAS SHATTERED THE PREVIOUS MODEL. GLOBALIZATION HAS… a) destroyed it. d) deepened it.

c) programmes successfully spoused by California. b) pressure currently preventing California´s development. THE FISCAL. d) measures which have steadily gained acceptance. e) incentives recently promoted by the Californian government.. . IN OTHER WORDS. THE AUTHOR MENTIONS “THE FISCAL STRAIN NOW HOBBLING CALIFORNIA”.. a) policies which have been favouring California´s growth.47) IN PARAGRAPH 2.

b) may still hit the European Union. d) could have affected the EU. .48) ACCORDING TO PARAGRAPH 1. e) might bring about growth in the EU. c) has caused tax reductions in the EU. THE GLOBAL ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL CRISIS a) has impacted on the EU.

. . THE ROLE PLAYED BY THE PUBLIC SECTOR.. b) lessened. e) decreased. a) widened.49) ACCORDING TO PARAGRAPH 3. c) diminished. d) faded.

c) pivotal. . e) advisable. d) unnecessary... a) risky. b) unattainable. BRAZIL’S PRESIDENT REFERS TO “STRENGTHENING MERCOSUL AS A PRIORITY” IN OTHER WORDS. A MEASURE HE CONSIDERED.50) IN HIS ANSWER TO QUESTION 1.

. LUIZ INÁCIO LULA DA SILVA SAYS THAT. a) the Brazilian domestic market was frail.. d) part of the sales tax was lowered. c) credit on affordable items was halved. e) consumers were not willing to spend.51) IN HIS ANSWER TO QUESTION 2.. b) a miracle did come about in Brazil.

.52) BRAZIL’S PRESIDENT REFERS TO THE COUNTRY’S DIVERSIFIED TRADE BALANCE AS HAVING.. d) been considered as an unattainable goal. a) contributed to worsen the global economic crisis. . e) minimized the adverse effects of the world crisis. b) resulted from trade with one sole strategic partner. c) been prevented by internal regulations.

BRAZIL’S PRESIDENT. b) criticizes initiatives derived from private ownership. a) emphasizes the role played by the private sector. e) disregards duties attributed to the state.. c) sees the private sector as an inducer of growth.53) IN HIS ANSWER TO QUESTION 3. . d) affi rms the signifi cance of the state..