56 views

Uploaded by Alison Kong

Lab 1

- Relay Setting Calculation
- Laboratory 4 Test Manual
- Electrical Power Systems by C L Wadhva
- Per Unit System explaination- with solved Example
- Modern Solutions to c
- Applications and Advantages for Protection schemes using IEC 61850 Standard
- Testing of Modern Bus Protection Systems
- Sensirion Differential Pressure SDP6x0
- Teaching That Sticks
- PQ-Direction of Harmonics
- Elec 4617 Arrangement
- 1MRG009710 en Application Note Overall Differential Protection for Thermal Power Plant
- R Style Guide
- Red Tacton: An Innovative Human Area Networking Technology
- PROT 411 Agenda
- Pe Exam Books
- Application Guide for the Choice of Protective Relay (CEE)
- Study Material and Books for GATE ECE Preparations
- Series RLC Circuit Alysis and Series Resonance
- Controlling Over Voltages Produced by Shunt Capacitor Bank Switching

You are on page 1of 4

Laboratory 1: Signal processing for digital protective relaying

Signal processing is of paramount importance in modern digital protective relaying. All

algorithms are based on processing input signals, mainly voltages and currents from current

transformers (CT) and voltage transformers (VT).

Objectives

This laboratory targets at using several basic methods to compute the magnitudes of voltage,

current and impedance and the argument or angle of impedance.

The methods include:

1) Sample and first-order derivative method;

2) Frist-order and second-order derivative method;

3) Two-sample-point technique;

4) Three-sample technique to compute magnitude and angle of impedance;

5) Fourier analysis based algorithm.

Policy for doing this laboratory

No copying any files to PC and no email or internet retrieval of files. Plagiarism is not allowed.

Fundamentals of the methods

1. Sample and first-order derivative method

v(t ) V sin 0t , i(t ) I sin 0t , v' (t ) 0V cos 0t ,

i ' (t ) 0 I cos 0t

V v(t )2 v' (t ) / 0 ,

2

I i(t )2 i ' (t ) / 0

(1)

(2)

2

2

Z V / I v(t )2 v ' (t ) / 0 i(t )2 i ' (t ) / 0

Z V I ; V 0t; I 0t . v(t ) V sin V , v' (t ) 0V cos V

(3)

(4)

Two-sample-point approximation:

f f k 1

f k' k

(5)

t

Three-sample-point approximation:

3 f 4 f k 1 f k 2

(6)

f k' k

2t

where f could be i or v, t is the sampling interval, and k, k-1 and k-2 are subscripts referring to a

series of consecutive samples.

L1-1

ELEC4617 Power System Protection: Laboratory 1

Algorithm of this type generally reduces errors arising from slowing decaying DC transients.

Peak values of voltage and current are computed by

2

1

(7)

V

v '(t )2 v" (t ) / 0 ,

0

2

1

(8)

I

i '(t )2 i " (t ) / 0

0

Magnitude of the impedance is

Z V / I v '(t )2 v" (t ) / 0

i '(t )2 i" (t ) / 0

(9)

Z V I ; V 0t; I 0t .

(10)

For this method, the following expressions are used to compute first- and second-order

derivative:

f f

f k' k 1 k 1 ,

(11)

2t

f 2 f k f k 1

(12)

f k" k 1

(t )2

where f could be i or v, t is the sampling interval, and k+1, k and k-1 are subscripts referring to

a series of consecutive samples.

3. Two-sample-point technique

Peak value of voltage is

V

sin 0t

(13a)

sin 0 t

Magnitude of impedance is

Z V / I

Angle of impedance can be computed by

i v i v (i v i v ) cos 0 t

cos 1 k k k 1 k 1 k k 21 k 1 k

IV sin 0 t

2v i v i vk ik 2

R f k 1 k 1 2 k 2 k

2 ik 1 ik ik 2

Xf

vk 1ik 2 vk 2ik 1

sin 0t

ik21 ik ik 2

(13b)

(14)

(15)

(16)

(17)

Z f R 2f X 2f

(18)

Z tan 1 ( X f / R f )

(19)

L1-2

Voltage can be expressed as

a

v(t ) 0 an cos n0t bn sin n0t

2 n1

n 1

t

T

2 0

where an v(t ) cos n0t dt , n 0,1,

T t0

2 t0 T

bn v(t )sin n0t dt , n 1,2,

T t0

and 0 is the angular frequency of the fundamental component and T is its period.

By letting n=1, the fundamental component of a voltage and/or current waveform can be

extracted from the corresponding faulted waveforms.

Let Vx =a1 and Vy =b1.

2 t0 T

Vx a1 v(t ) cos 0t dt

T t0

Now let N be the number of samples per cycle of the fundamental component, t the sampling

time interval, tj=jt, the time of jth sample, and T=Nt, the period of the fundamental

component.

Then one can obtain

2

v(t0 ) cos 0t0 v(t1 ) cos 0t1 v(t j ) cos 0t j v(t N 1 ) cos 0t N 1 v(t N ) cos 0t N t

Vx

N t

2

2

2 j

Since 0t j 2 f 0 jt

jt

jt

T

N t

N

N

2

2 j 2 N

Vx v j cos

(20)

Wx , j v j

N j 0

N N j 0

where vj=v(tj) is the jth sample of the voltage waveform, and Wx,j is the weighting factor of the jth

2 j

sample used to calculate Vx. Wx , j cos

, j 0,1, , N .

N

In a similar way, one can obtain imaginary part of v(t):

2 N

2 j 2 N

Vy v j sin

(21)

Wy , j v j

N j 0

N N j 0

2 j

where Wy , j sin

, j 0,1, , N , and N can take different values.

N

Then a1 cos 0t b1 sin 0t Vx cos 0t Vy sin 0t Vm sin(0t )

Vm Vx2 Vy2 ,

(22)

I m I x2 I y2 ,

(23)

In a similar way

Z Vm / I m

(24)

1

(25)

L1-3

ELEC4617 Power System Protection: Laboratory 1

Procedures

Step 1

The program using method 1 is given as an example. It is based on equations (1) through (6).

Open file named Laboratory1_Method1.m under the directory of Laboratory1 on the desktop.

Study it. The data sets for testing this algorithm are named as Laboratory1DataSet1.mat and

Laboratory1DataSet2.mat. Run the program using MATLAB with two sets of data. Examine

the results by using Method 1 and comment on the results.

Step 2

Develop your own code using MATLAB to fulfill method 2 (Equations (7) through (12)) to

compute magnitudes of voltage, current and impedance, and the angle of impedance. Process the

same two sets of data as in Step 1. Compare the results with those in Step 1 and comment.

Name your file as L1Method2_YourName.m for submission.

Step 3

Develop your own code using MATLAB to fulfill method 3 (Equations (13) through (15)) to

compute magnitudes of voltage, current and impedance, and the angle of impedance. Process the

same two sets of data as in Step 1. Compare the results with those in Steps 1 and 2 and comment.

Name your file as L1Method3_YourName.m for submission.

Step 4(Optional)

Develop your own code using MATLAB to fulfill method 4 (Equations (16) through (19)) to

compute magnitudes of impedance, and its angle. Process the same two sets of data as in Step 1.

Compare the results with those in Steps 1, 2 and 3 and comment.

Name your file as L1Method4_YourName.m for submission.

Step 5 (Optional)

Develop your own code using MATLAB to fulfill method 5 (Equations (20) through (25)) to

compute magnitudes of voltage, current and impedance, and angle of impedance. Process the

same two sets of data as in Step 1.

Name your file as L1Method5_YourName.m for submission.

Submission

Submit the files of your codes of Method 2 and Method 3 in Step 2 and Step 3 to your

demonstrators for evaluation.

Also edit a word file which contains the comparison of first three methods from the aspects of

convergence speed, converged value, overshooting and undershooting etc. Name the files as

L1Comparison_YourName.doc.

L1-4

ELEC4617 Power System Protection: Laboratory 1

- Relay Setting CalculationUploaded bySamarendu Baul
- Laboratory 4 Test ManualUploaded bySydney Finest
- Electrical Power Systems by C L WadhvaUploaded byishanpi
- Per Unit System explaination- with solved ExampleUploaded byAnimesh Verma
- Modern Solutions to cUploaded byJames Ernes Llacza Carmelo
- Testing of Modern Bus Protection SystemsUploaded bys_banerjee
- Applications and Advantages for Protection schemes using IEC 61850 StandardUploaded byHammad Ansari
- Sensirion Differential Pressure SDP6x0Uploaded byJohn Melchizedek
- Teaching That SticksUploaded byVishnuteerth Agnihotri
- Elec 4617 ArrangementUploaded byTony Wei Chen
- 1MRG009710 en Application Note Overall Differential Protection for Thermal Power PlantUploaded bybdiaconu20048672
- PQ-Direction of HarmonicsUploaded byconsultrail
- R Style GuideUploaded byDineshraja Venkatesan
- PROT 411 AgendaUploaded bypanicea
- Pe Exam BooksUploaded byasdfg1h
- Red Tacton: An Innovative Human Area Networking TechnologyUploaded byMohan Khedkar
- Application Guide for the Choice of Protective Relay (CEE)Uploaded byΓΙΩΡΓΟΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΟΓΛΟΥ
- Study Material and Books for GATE ECE PreparationsUploaded byYogesh Gujjar C J
- Series RLC Circuit Alysis and Series ResonanceUploaded byMd Mahamudul Hasan Himel
- Controlling Over Voltages Produced by Shunt Capacitor Bank SwitchingUploaded bySanj Pandey
- Characteristic Impedance of Cables at High and Low FrequenciesUploaded byravi020
- Electrical Technology.pdfUploaded byVishalKundal
- Distance Proteccion IEEE 2008Uploaded by1453h
- Ma AUploaded byYogananda Madhava Setty
- Tutorial de Qucs Per RfUploaded byEze Rosenblat
- A Method for Analyzing Harmonic Distribution in a.c. Power SystemsUploaded byMirla Crespo
- 1st SEMUploaded byPrashant Murty
- Sjr05010401 Network AnalysisUploaded byandhracolleges

- SQL InjectUploaded bySwastik Colt
- SQL Server Transaction Log ManagementUploaded byCarlos Eduardo
- FastStone Image ViewerUploaded bycrodero
- Securing User Data in Local Connectivity using Multicast Key AgreementUploaded byEditor IJRITCC
- DAA LAB PRGRAMS.pdfUploaded byprabhu
- Apple manualUploaded byTommaso Scigliuzzo
- System Requirements for the IBM Lotus Notes and DominoUploaded byjanakag
- 462116-01 AA_1510 Excel ESI Command Codes Addendum_10 Feb 2009Uploaded byquyenducqdc
- Amazon EC2Uploaded byNikhitha Thota
- 01 CS107 Course InformationUploaded bymilan_aryal
- Weblogic 11g DumpsUploaded byadmin sdc
- Introdution to the DsPIC30FUploaded byboyluca
- Db2 9 7 UpgradeUploaded byAjitesh Kumar Singh
- computer science XIIUploaded byjamna vyas
- Cognos Interview Questions and AnswerUploaded byabdul87s
- Online Interactive Home Work Grading SystemUploaded byRosaleo Tolibas
- ktUploaded byAnjyali Kavitha
- Master Note for Performance Issues in OBIEEUploaded byMahesh Prasad
- 40 94 43.01 pls long.docUploaded byaharnisha
- Ciena Carrier Ethernet SolutionUploaded byjuharie
- NIS2LDAPUploaded bymysaeed
- Helpful SAP TcodesUploaded byPradeep Kumar
- Rana-AM335x System Development User Manual.pdfUploaded bypiyushpandey
- IPCOP-V2.0 Administration ManualUploaded byrrmudidana
- fortran c++ c para geofisicosUploaded byMighael Choquehuanca Corimanya
- Test Plan TemplateUploaded byefafa
- Memory Segmentation of 8086Uploaded byAshraf Hossain
- Sq l Notes for ProfessionalsUploaded byytee
- DatasheetUploaded byArkesh Jaigeeshavya
- ICE-optim-linea.pdfUploaded bysatydevsinghnegi