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East Coast




Particle Nature of Matter

Work Sheet








Section - A

Direct/ Regular/ Inferential


Section - C

HOTS Questions (Higher Order Thinking Skills)

Section - B

Application, Reasoning & Analytical


Section A

2. The melting points and boiling points of four substances are shown.

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3..Blue copper(II) sulphate crystals are soluble in water.

What has happened after one week?

A crystallisation
B diffusion
C distillation
D filtration
4. Which statement about the particles in a gas is not correct?

5. The diagram shows how the molecules in the exhaust gases diffuse into the air

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Which statement describes what happens to these molecules next?

A The molecules fall to the ground because they are heavier than air molecules.
B The molecules go back together as they cool.
C The molecules spread further into the air.
D The molecules stay where they are.
6. Heating a liquid causes it to become a vapour. What happens to the molecules of the liquid during
this process?

7. Glycerine has a melting point of 18C and a boiling point of 290C.

8. In which substance are the particles furthest apart at room temperature?

A ethanol
B methane
C salt
D sugar
9. A solid metal is heated until it turns to vapour. The graph shows the temperature of the
metal during this process. Which part of the graph shows the melting of the metal?

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10. When steam at 1000 C condenses to water at 250 C, what happens to the water molecules?
A They move faster and closer together.
B They move faster and further apart.
C They move slower and closer together
D They move slower and further apart.
11. Which statement explains why carbon monoxide, CO, and ethene, C 2H4, diffuse at the same
A They both contain the element, carbon
B They both react with oxygen
C They are both gases at room temperature
D They have the same relative molecular mass

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Section - B

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2. A student placed a crystal of copper (II) sulphate in a beaker of water. After one hour the
crystal had completely disappeared and a dense blue colour was observed in the water at the bottom
of the beaker. After 48 hours the blue colour had spread throughout the water.

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3. The table shows the melting points, boiling points and electrical properties of the
six substances A to F.

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Section C

A student set up the apparatus shown in the diagram below.

The white solid is formed because the molecules of hydrogen chloride gas and ammonia gas move at
random throughout the tube and eventually react with each other.

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2. The diagram below shows a simple apparatus that can be used for measuring the melting point of a
solid. The liquid in the beaker is heated slowly and the temperature at which the solid B melts is

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