You are on page 1of 238

SUMMARY OF BEAMS AND COLUMNS

SIZE
SUPPORT
DESIGNATION
BASE (mm) DEPTH (mm)
TOP
BOTTOM
B1
250
500
12-16 mm dia.
2-16 mm dia.
B2
200
400
7-16 mm dia.
2-16 mm dia.
B3
150
300
2-16 mm dia.
2-16 mm dia.
SB1
W14 x 120
SLAB
S1

t (mm)
125

SPACING
REMARKS
10 mm dia. Spaced at 125 mm Two-Way Slab

COLUMNS
DESIGNATION
C1 interior
C2 exterior
PC1
FOUNDATIONS
F1 interior
F2 exterior

SIZE
REBARS
BASE (mm) DEPTH (mm)
250
400
12-16mm dia.
200
400
8-16mm dia.
200
400
8-16mm dia.

STIRRUPS
10 mm dia. @ 200 mm O.C.
10 mm dia. @ 200 mm O.C.
10 mm dia. @ 200 mm O.C.

SIZE
THICKNESS (mm)
REBARS
BASE (m)
DEPTH (m)
1.8
1.8
400
12-16 mm dia. BW
1.3
1.3
350
9-16 mm dia. BW

MIDSPAN
TOP
BOTTOM
2-16 mm dia.
5-16 mm dia.
2-16mm dia.
7-16 mm dia.
2-16 mm dia.
2-16 mm dia.

STIRRUPS

mm dia. @ 200 mm O.C.


mm dia. @ 200 mm O.C.
mm dia. @ 200 mm O.C.

STIRRUPS
10 mm dia. @ 200 mm O.C.
10 mm dia. @ 200 mm O.C.
10 mm dia. @ 130 mm O.C.

Design of Two-Way Slab (S1)


1.0 Design Criteria
This calculation is for the design of the slab S1 of the proposed two-storey residential unit

1.1 Specifications
1.1.1 Design References
National Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical
Structures Fifth Edition 2001
1.1.2 Design Aids
Microsoft Excel
1.2 Design Loads
1.2.1 Dead Loads
Reinforced Concrete Unit Weight
Ceilings
Floor Finishes
Movable Partitions
Super-Imposed Dead Load (Total)

=
=
=
=
=

1.2.2 Live Loads


Second Floor

1.3 Materials Property


1.3.1 Concrete
Concrete Compressive Strength

f'c

1.3.2 Steel
Rebar Diameter

db

fy

Reinforcing bar Yield strength


1.3.3 Concrete Cover

2.0 Computation of Slab Thickness


2.1 Moment Coefficients for Two Way Slab
2.2 Slab Thickness
Consider Panel F as Critical Panel
Short Span
Long Span
Min t = [2 * (S + L)] / 180

S
L

=
=

4.56
5.00

m
m

Min t =
Min t must not be less than 90 m
1

try t =
3.0 Load Computations (consider 1 m strip)
3.1 Weight of slab

tS * Unit Wt. Concrete * 1.4

Thickness of slab

WS

tS

SDL

3.2 Dead Load


SDL =

SDL * 1.4

LL =

LL * 1.7

3.3 Live Load


LL

3.2 Total Loads

=
WT

MU

W T = of Loads
4.0 Analysis
4.1 Maximum Moment Computation
MU =
CMAX * W T * SMAX2 * 1 m
4.3 Check t considering flexure
Design Constants
Ultimate Moment
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

MU

=
=
=
=
=

13.685723712
20.7
275
0.90
0.85

b
t
d
d

=
=
=
=

1000
125
99.0
87.0

f'c
fy

Width
Thickness
Effective depth

4.3.1 Computation of w
MU = bd2f'cw(1-0.59w)
w - 0.59w2 = 0.097054663
w = 1.591557755
w = 0.103357499

kN-m
Mpa
Mpa
(for flexure)

mm
mm
mm
mm
w

4.3.2 Computation of REQ


MIN = 1.4 / fy

MIN

REQ = w * f'c / fy

REQ

MAX = *[0.85 * 1 * f'c / fy] [600 / (600+fy)]

MAX

t = 125mm is safe for Fl


4.4 Check for Shear
Design Constants
Total Weight
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

W
f'c
fy

Width
Height
Effective depth

=
=
=
=

9.270
20.7
275
0.85

kN/m2
Mpa
Mpa
(for shear)

b
h
dS

=
=
=

1000
125
99.0

mm
mm
mm

dL

87.0

mm

Consider Short Span


4.4.1 Computation of VS
Vs = W * S / 3 * 1 m
4.4.2 Computation of Actual V
Actual VC = VS / (.85 * b * d)
4.4.3 Allowable VC
Allow VC = .17 * f'c

Vs

Actual VC

Allow VC

Actual V is less than all


t = 125 mm is safe for s
Consider Long Span
4.4.1 Computation of VS
Vs = W * S / 3 * [(3 - m2) / 2] * 1m
4.4.2 Computation of Actual V
Actual VC = VS / (.85 * b * d)
4.4.3 Allowable VC
Allow VC = .17 * f'c

Vs

Actual VC

Allow VC

Actual V is less than all


t = 125 mm is safe for s
Prepared By:

Engr. Jose J. Oriola, Jr.


Civil Engineer - Lic. No.
3

slab S1 of the proposed two-storey residential unit

hilippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical

24
0.25
0.50
1.00
1.75

kN/m3
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa

2.0

Kpa

20.7

Mpa

12

mm

275

Mpa

20

mm

Grade 40

0.106222222 mm
Min t must not be less than 90 mm
4

125

mm

3.42

kN/m2

0.125

2.450

kN/m2

3.400

kN/m2

9.270

kN/m2

13.686

kN-m

Grade 40
(for flexure)

use
0.103357499

0.005090909
0.007780001

SAFE

0.027969195
t = 125mm is safe for Flexure

Grade 40
(for shear)

14.0904

kN

0.16744385 Mpa

0.773453295
Actual V is less than allowable V,
t = 125 mm is safe for shear

15.27579717 kN

0.206569265 Mpa

0.773453295
Actual V is less than allowable V,
t = 125 mm is safe for shear

5.0

Computation for Spacing


Design Constants :
Total Load
Conc. Comp. Strength f'c
Rebar Yield Strength, f y

9.27
20.7
275
0.90
0.85
1000
125

Reduction Factor
Reduction Factor 1
One-meter strip, b
Slab Thickness, tS
Using 12mm dia. Bar, AS

113.10

kN/m2
Mpa
Mpa
for flexure
mm
mm
mm2

PANEL A

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.057

10.987130304

0.0624758166

0.0047027251

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.56

0.028

5.397186816

0.030092918

0.002265176

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.043

8.288536896

0.0466791784

0.0035136691

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.049

9.445076928

0.0698609101

0.0052586212

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.56

0.025

4.8189168

0.0348924941

0.0026264532

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dL

87

0.037

7.131996864

0.0521844823

0.0039280683

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL B

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.048

9.252320256

0.0522848099

0.0039356202

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.56

0.024

4.626160128

0.0257264548

0.0019365004

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.036

6.939240192

0.0388965816

0.0029278518

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.041

7.903023552

0.0580326456

0.0043682755

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.021

4.047890112

0.0292097008

0.0021986938

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.56

dL

87

0.031

5.975456832

0.0434919965

0.0032737612

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL C

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.048

9.252320256

0.0522848099

0.0039356202

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.56

0.024

4.626160128

0.0257264548

0.0019365004

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.036

6.939240192

0.0388965816

0.0029278518

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.041

7.903023552

0.0580326456

0.0043682755

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.56

0.021

4.047890112

0.0292097008

0.0021986938

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dL

87

0.031

5.975456832

0.0434919965

0.0032737612

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL D

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.057

10.987130304

0.0624758166

0.0047027251

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.56

0.028

5.397186816

0.030092918

0.002265176

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.043

8.288536896

0.0466791784

0.0035136691

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.049

9.445076928

0.0698609101

0.0052586212

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.56

0.025

4.8189168

0.0348924941

0.0026264532

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dL

87

0.037

7.131996864

0.0521844823

0.0039280683

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL E

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.048

9.456334416

0.0534764883

0.0040253211

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.61

0.024

4.728167208

0.0263028066

0.001979884

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.036

7.092250812

0.0397753604

0.0029939999

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.041

8.077285647

0.0593604194

0.0044682207

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.021

4.137146307

0.0298655352

0.0022480603

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.61

4.61

0.021

4.137146307

0.0298655352

0.0022480603

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dL

87

0.031

6.107215977

0.0444775409

0.0033479458

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL F

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.040

7.88027868

0.0443164322

0.0033358187

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.030

5.91020901

0.0330112252

0.002484845

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.033

6.501229911

0.047431967

0.0035703335

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.025

4.925174175

0.035678775

0.0026856387

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL G

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.040

7.88027868

0.0443164322

0.0033358187

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.030

5.91020901

0.0330112252

0.002484845

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.033

6.501229911

0.047431967

0.0035703335

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.025

4.925174175

0.035678775

0.0026856387

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL H

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.048

9.456334416

0.0534764883

0.0040253211

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.61

dS

99

Long Span
S

4.61

dL

87

4.61

dS

99

Long Span
S

4.61

dL

87

4.61

0.024

4.728167208

0.0263028066

0.001979884

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.036

7.092250812

0.0397753604

0.0029939999

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.041

8.077285647

0.0593604194

0.0044682207

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.021

4.137146307

0.0298655352

0.0022480603

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.61

4.61

0.021

4.137146307

0.0298655352

0.0022480603

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dL

87

0.031

6.107215977

0.0444775409

0.0033479458

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL I

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.048

9.456334416

0.0534764883

0.0040253211

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.61

0.024

4.728167208

0.0263028066

0.001979884

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.036

7.092250812

0.0397753604

0.0029939999

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.041

8.077285647

0.0593604194

0.0044682207

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.61

0.021

4.137146307

0.0298655352

0.0022480603

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dL

87

0.031

6.107215977

0.0444775409

0.0033479458

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL J

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.040

7.88027868

0.0443164322

0.0033358187

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.030

5.91020901

0.0330112252

0.002484845

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.033

6.501229911

0.047431967

0.0035703335

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.025

4.925174175

0.035678775

0.0026856387

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL K

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.040

7.88027868

0.0443164322

0.0033358187

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.030

5.91020901

0.0330112252

0.002484845

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.033

6.501229911

0.047431967

0.0035703335

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.61

dS

99

Long Span
S

4.61

dL

87

4.61

dS

99

Long Span
S

4.61

4.61

dL

87

0.025

4.925174175

0.035678775

0.0026856387

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL L

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.048

9.456334416

0.0534764883

0.0040253211

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.61

0.024

4.728167208

0.0263028066

0.001979884

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.036

7.092250812

0.0397753604

0.0029939999

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.041

8.077285647

0.0593604194

0.0044682207

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.61

0.021

4.137146307

0.0298655352

0.0022480603

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dL

87

0.031

6.107215977

0.0444775409

0.0033479458

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL M

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.048

9.456334416

0.0534764883

0.0040253211

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.61

0.024

4.728167208

0.0263028066

0.001979884

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.036

7.092250812

0.0397753604

0.0029939999

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.041

8.077285647

0.0593604194

0.0044682207

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.61

0.021

4.137146307

0.0298655352

0.0022480603

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dL

87

0.031

6.107215977

0.0444775409

0.0033479458

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL N

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.040

7.88027868

0.0443164322

0.0033358187

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.030

5.91020901

0.0330112252

0.002484845

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.033

6.501229911

0.047431967

0.0035703335

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.61

dS

99

Long Span
S

4.61

4.61

dL

87

0.025

4.925174175

0.035678775

0.0026856387

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL O

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.040

7.88027868

0.0443164322

0.0033358187

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.030

5.91020901

0.0330112252

0.002484845

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.033

6.501229911

0.047431967

0.0035703335

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.025

4.925174175

0.035678775

0.0026856387

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL P

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.048

9.456334416

0.0534764883

0.0040253211

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.61

dS

99

Long Span
S

4.61

dL

87

4.61

0.024

4.728167208

0.0263028066

0.001979884

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.036

7.092250812

0.0397753604

0.0029939999

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.041

8.077285647

0.0593604194

0.0044682207

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.61

0.021

4.137146307

0.0298655352

0.0022480603

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dL

87

0.031

6.107215977

0.0444775409

0.0033479458

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL Q

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.048

8.8113204

0.0497149441

0.0037421794

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.45

0.024

4.4056602

0.0244819841

0.0018428257

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.036

6.6084903

0.037000257

0.0027851103

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.041

7.526336175

0.055170115

0.004152805

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.021

3.854952675

0.0277938332

0.0020921176

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.45

4.45

0.021

3.854952675

0.0277938332

0.0020921176

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dL

87

0.031

5.690644425

0.0413657474

0.0031137126

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL R

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.040

7.342767

0.0412162063

0.0031024563

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.030

5.50707525

0.0307171366

0.0023121626

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.033

6.057782775

0.0441076441

0.0033201027

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.025

4.589229375

0.0331954529

0.0024987123

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL S

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.040

7.342767

0.0412162063

0.0031024563

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.030

5.50707525

0.0307171366

0.0023121626

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.033

6.057782775

0.0441076441

0.0033201027

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.025

4.589229375

0.0331954529

0.0024987123

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL T

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.048

8.8113204

0.0497149441

0.0037421794

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.45

dS

99

Long Span
S

4.45

dL

87

4.45

dS

99

Long Span
S

4.45

dL

87

4.45

0.024

4.4056602

0.0244819841

0.0018428257

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.036

6.6084903

0.037000257

0.0027851103

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.041

7.526336175

0.055170115

0.004152805

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.021

3.854952675

0.0277938332

0.0020921176

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.45

4.45

0.021

3.854952675

0.0277938332

0.0020921176

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dL

87

0.031

5.690644425

0.0413657474

0.0031137126

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL U

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.057

11.425112775

0.0650696974

0.0048979736

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.65

0.028

5.6123361

0.031315516

0.0023572043

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.043

8.618944725

0.0485964911

0.0036579904

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.049

9.821588175

0.0727763566

0.0054780748

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.65

0.025

5.011014375

0.0363145299

0.0027334937

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dL

87

0.037

7.416301275

0.0543358852

0.0040900103

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL V

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.048

9.6211476

0.0544404955

0.0040978846

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.65

0.024

4.8105738

0.0267687089

0.0020149537

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.036

7.2158607

0.0404859822

0.0030474903

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.041

8.218063575

0.0604346995

0.0045490846

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.65

0.021

4.209252075

0.0303957365

0.00228797

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dL

87

0.031

6.213657825

0.0452745988

0.0034079425

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL W

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.048

9.6211476

0.0544404955

0.0040978846

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.65

0.024

4.8105738

0.0267687089

0.0020149537

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.036

7.2158607

0.0404859822

0.0030474903

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.041

8.218063575

0.0604346995

0.0045490846

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.021

4.209252075

0.0303957365

0.00228797

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.65

4.65

0.021

4.209252075

0.0303957365

0.00228797

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dL

87

0.031

6.213657825

0.0452745988

0.0034079425

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL X

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.057

11.425112775

0.0650696974

0.0048979736

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.65

0.028

5.6123361

0.031315516

0.0023572043

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.043

8.618944725

0.0485964911

0.0036579904

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.049

9.821588175

0.0727763566

0.0054780748

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.65

0.025

5.011014375

0.0363145299

0.0027334937

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dL

87

0.037

7.416301275

0.0543358852

0.0040900103

0.0050909

0.0279691948

ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in


Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0052586212

457.5000469524

225

0.2472072654

0.24

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

0.375

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.


ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in
Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091
SMAX = 3 * tS

225

0.255351127
SMAX =

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

0.25

ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in


Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

0.375

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.


ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in
Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0052586212

457.5000469524

225

0.2472072654

0.24

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

0.375

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.


ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in
Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in


Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

0.375

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.


ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in
Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

0.375

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.


ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in
Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in


Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

0.375

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.


ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in
Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

0.375

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.


ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in
Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091
SMAX = 3 * tS

225

0.255351127
SMAX =

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

0.25

ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in


Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

0.375

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.


ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in
Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

0.375

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.


ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in
Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091
SMAX = 3 * tS

225

0.255351127
SMAX =

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

0.25

ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in


Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

0.375

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.


ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in
Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

0.375

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.


ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in
Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in


Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

0.375

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.


ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in
Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

0.375

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.


ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in
Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in


Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0054780748

476.5925112588

225

0.2373040551

0.23

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

0.375

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.


ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in
Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

0.375

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.


ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in
Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in


Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0054780748

476.5925112588

225

0.2373040551

0.23

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

Design of Two-Way Slab (S1)


1.0 Design Criteria
This calculation is for the design of the slab S1 of the proposed two-storey residential unit

1.1 Specifications
1.1.1 Design References
National Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical
Structures Fifth Edition 2001
1.1.2 Design Aids
Microsoft Excel
1.2 Design Loads
1.2.1 Dead Loads
Reinforced Concrete Unit Weight
Ceilings
Floor Finishes
Movable Partitions
Super-Imposed Dead Load (Total)

=
=
=
=
=

1.2.2 Live Loads


Second Floor

1.3 Materials Property


1.3.1 Concrete
Concrete Compressive Strength

f'c

1.3.2 Steel
Rebar Diameter

db

fy

Reinforcing bar Yield strength


1.3.3 Concrete Cover

2.0 Computation of Slab Thickness


2.1 Moment Coefficients for Two Way Slab
2.2 Slab Thickness
Consider Panel F as Critical Panel
Short Span
Long Span
Min t = [2 * (S + L)] / 180

S
L

=
=

5.00
6.91

m
m

Min t =
Min t must not be less than 90 m
1

try t =
3.0 Load Computations (consider 1 m strip)
3.1 Weight of slab

tS * Unit Wt. Concrete * 1.4

Thickness of slab

WS

tS

SDL

3.2 Dead Load


SDL =

SDL * 1.4

LL =

LL * 1.7

3.3 Live Load


LL

3.2 Total Loads

=
WT

MU

W T = of Loads
4.0 Analysis
4.1 Maximum Moment Computation
MU =
CMAX * W T * SMAX2 * 1 m
4.3 Check t considering flexure
Design Constants
Ultimate Moment
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

MU

=
=
=
=
=

16.45425
20.7
275
0.90
0.85

b
t
d
d

=
=
=
=

1000
125
99.0
87.0

f'c
fy

Width
Thickness
Effective depth

4.3.1 Computation of w
MU = bd2f'cw(1-0.59w)
w - 0.59w2 = 0.116688144
w = 1.568850665
w = 0.126064589

kN-m
Mpa
Mpa
(for flexure)

mm
mm
mm
mm
w

4.3.2 Computation of REQ


MIN = 1.4 / fy

MIN

REQ = w * f'c / fy

REQ

MAX = *[0.85 * 1 * f'c / fy] [600 / (600+fy)]

MAX

t = 125mm is safe for Fl


4.4 Check for Shear
Design Constants
Total Weight
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

W
f'c
fy

Width
Height
Effective depth

=
=
=
=

9.270
20.7
275
0.85

kN/m2
Mpa
Mpa
(for shear)

b
h
dS

=
=
=

1000
125
99.0

mm
mm
mm

dL

87.0

mm

Consider Short Span


4.4.1 Computation of VS
Vs = W * S / 3 * 1 m
4.4.2 Computation of Actual V
Actual VC = VS / (.85 * b * d)
4.4.3 Allowable VC
Allow VC = .17 * f'c

Vs

Actual VC

Allow VC

Actual V is less than all


t = 125 mm is safe for s
Consider Long Span
4.4.1 Computation of VS
Vs = W * S / 3 * [(3 - m2) / 2] * 1m
4.4.2 Computation of Actual V
Actual VC = VS / (.85 * b * d)
4.4.3 Allowable VC
Allow VC = .17 * f'c

Vs

Actual VC

Allow VC

Actual V is less than all


t = 125 mm is safe for s
Prepared By:

Engr. Jose J. Oriola, Jr.


Civil Engineer - Lic. No.
3

slab S1 of the proposed two-storey residential unit

hilippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical

24
0.25
0.50
1.00
1.75

kN/m3
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa

2.0

Kpa

20.7

Mpa

12

mm

275

Mpa

20

mm

Grade 40

0.132333333 mm
Min t must not be less than 90 mm
4

125

mm

3.42

kN/m2

0.125

2.450

kN/m2

3.400

kN/m2

9.270

kN/m2

16.454

kN-m

Grade 40
(for flexure)

use
0.126064589

0.005090909
0.009489225

SAFE

0.027969195
t = 125mm is safe for Flexure

Grade 40
(for shear)

15.45

kN

0.183600713 Mpa

0.773453295
Actual V is less than allowable V,
t = 125 mm is safe for shear

19.13033644 kN

0.258692853 Mpa

0.773453295
Actual V is less than allowable V,
t = 125 mm is safe for shear

5.0

Computation for Spacing


Design Constants :
Total Load
Conc. Comp. Strength f'c
Rebar Yield Strength, f y

9.27
20.7
275
0.90
0.85
1000
125

Reduction Factor
Reduction Factor 1
One-meter strip, b
Slab Thickness, tS
Using 12mm dia. Bar, AS

113.10

kN/m2
Mpa
Mpa
for flexure
mm
mm
mm2

PANEL A

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.057

10.987130304

0.0624758166

0.0047027251

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.56

0.028

5.397186816

0.030092918

0.002265176

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.043

8.288536896

0.0466791784

0.0035136691

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.049

9.445076928

0.0698609101

0.0052586212

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.56

0.025

4.8189168

0.0348924941

0.0026264532

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dL

87

0.037

7.131996864

0.0521844823

0.0039280683

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL B

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.048

9.252320256

0.0522848099

0.0039356202

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.56

0.024

4.626160128

0.0257264548

0.0019365004

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.036

6.939240192

0.0388965816

0.0029278518

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.041

7.903023552

0.0580326456

0.0043682755

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.021

4.047890112

0.0292097008

0.0021986938

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.56

dL

87

0.031

5.975456832

0.0434919965

0.0032737612

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL C

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.048

9.252320256

0.0522848099

0.0039356202

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.56

0.024

4.626160128

0.0257264548

0.0019365004

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.036

6.939240192

0.0388965816

0.0029278518

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.041

7.903023552

0.0580326456

0.0043682755

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.56

0.021

4.047890112

0.0292097008

0.0021986938

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dL

87

0.031

5.975456832

0.0434919965

0.0032737612

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL D

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.057

10.987130304

0.0624758166

0.0047027251

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.56

0.028

5.397186816

0.030092918

0.002265176

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.043

8.288536896

0.0466791784

0.0035136691

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.049

9.445076928

0.0698609101

0.0052586212

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.56

0.025

4.8189168

0.0348924941

0.0026264532

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dL

87

0.037

7.131996864

0.0521844823

0.0039280683

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL E

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.048

9.456334416

0.0534764883

0.0040253211

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.61

0.024

4.728167208

0.0263028066

0.001979884

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.036

7.092250812

0.0397753604

0.0029939999

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.041

8.077285647

0.0593604194

0.0044682207

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.021

4.137146307

0.0298655352

0.0022480603

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.61

4.61

0.021

4.137146307

0.0298655352

0.0022480603

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dL

87

0.031

6.107215977

0.0444775409

0.0033479458

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL F

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.040

7.88027868

0.0443164322

0.0033358187

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.030

5.91020901

0.0330112252

0.002484845

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.033

6.501229911

0.047431967

0.0035703335

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.025

4.925174175

0.035678775

0.0026856387

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL G

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.040

7.88027868

0.0443164322

0.0033358187

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.030

5.91020901

0.0330112252

0.002484845

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.033

6.501229911

0.047431967

0.0035703335

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.025

4.925174175

0.035678775

0.0026856387

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL H

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.048

9.456334416

0.0534764883

0.0040253211

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.61

dS

99

Long Span
S

4.61

dL

87

4.61

dS

99

Long Span
S

4.61

dL

87

4.61

0.024

4.728167208

0.0263028066

0.001979884

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.036

7.092250812

0.0397753604

0.0029939999

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.041

8.077285647

0.0593604194

0.0044682207

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.021

4.137146307

0.0298655352

0.0022480603

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.61

4.61

0.021

4.137146307

0.0298655352

0.0022480603

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dL

87

0.031

6.107215977

0.0444775409

0.0033479458

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL I

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.048

9.456334416

0.0534764883

0.0040253211

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.61

0.024

4.728167208

0.0263028066

0.001979884

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.036

7.092250812

0.0397753604

0.0029939999

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.041

8.077285647

0.0593604194

0.0044682207

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.61

0.021

4.137146307

0.0298655352

0.0022480603

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dL

87

0.031

6.107215977

0.0444775409

0.0033479458

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL J

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.040

7.88027868

0.0443164322

0.0033358187

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.030

5.91020901

0.0330112252

0.002484845

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.033

6.501229911

0.047431967

0.0035703335

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.025

4.925174175

0.035678775

0.0026856387

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL K

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.040

7.88027868

0.0443164322

0.0033358187

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.030

5.91020901

0.0330112252

0.002484845

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.033

6.501229911

0.047431967

0.0035703335

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.61

dS

99

Long Span
S

4.61

dL

87

4.61

dS

99

Long Span
S

4.61

4.61

dL

87

0.025

4.925174175

0.035678775

0.0026856387

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL L

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.048

9.456334416

0.0534764883

0.0040253211

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.61

0.024

4.728167208

0.0263028066

0.001979884

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.036

7.092250812

0.0397753604

0.0029939999

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.041

8.077285647

0.0593604194

0.0044682207

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.61

0.021

4.137146307

0.0298655352

0.0022480603

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dL

87

0.031

6.107215977

0.0444775409

0.0033479458

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL M

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.048

9.456334416

0.0534764883

0.0040253211

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.61

0.024

4.728167208

0.0263028066

0.001979884

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.036

7.092250812

0.0397753604

0.0029939999

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.041

8.077285647

0.0593604194

0.0044682207

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.61

0.021

4.137146307

0.0298655352

0.0022480603

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dL

87

0.031

6.107215977

0.0444775409

0.0033479458

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL N

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.040

7.88027868

0.0443164322

0.0033358187

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.030

5.91020901

0.0330112252

0.002484845

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.033

6.501229911

0.047431967

0.0035703335

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.61

dS

99

Long Span
S

4.61

4.61

dL

87

0.025

4.925174175

0.035678775

0.0026856387

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL O

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.040

7.88027868

0.0443164322

0.0033358187

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.030

5.91020901

0.0330112252

0.002484845

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.033

6.501229911

0.047431967

0.0035703335

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.025

4.925174175

0.035678775

0.0026856387

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL P

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.048

9.456334416

0.0534764883

0.0040253211

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.61

dS

99

Long Span
S

4.61

dL

87

4.61

0.024

4.728167208

0.0263028066

0.001979884

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.036

7.092250812

0.0397753604

0.0029939999

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.041

8.077285647

0.0593604194

0.0044682207

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.61

0.021

4.137146307

0.0298655352

0.0022480603

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dL

87

0.031

6.107215977

0.0444775409

0.0033479458

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL Q

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.048

8.8113204

0.0497149441

0.0037421794

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.45

0.024

4.4056602

0.0244819841

0.0018428257

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.036

6.6084903

0.037000257

0.0027851103

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.041

7.526336175

0.055170115

0.004152805

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.021

3.854952675

0.0277938332

0.0020921176

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.45

4.45

0.021

3.854952675

0.0277938332

0.0020921176

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dL

87

0.031

5.690644425

0.0413657474

0.0031137126

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL R

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.040

7.342767

0.0412162063

0.0031024563

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.030

5.50707525

0.0307171366

0.0023121626

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.033

6.057782775

0.0441076441

0.0033201027

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.025

4.589229375

0.0331954529

0.0024987123

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL S

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.040

7.342767

0.0412162063

0.0031024563

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.030

5.50707525

0.0307171366

0.0023121626

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.033

6.057782775

0.0441076441

0.0033201027

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.025

4.589229375

0.0331954529

0.0024987123

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL T

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.048

8.8113204

0.0497149441

0.0037421794

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.45

dS

99

Long Span
S

4.45

dL

87

4.45

dS

99

Long Span
S

4.45

dL

87

4.45

0.024

4.4056602

0.0244819841

0.0018428257

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.036

6.6084903

0.037000257

0.0027851103

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.041

7.526336175

0.055170115

0.004152805

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.021

3.854952675

0.0277938332

0.0020921176

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.45

4.45

0.021

3.854952675

0.0277938332

0.0020921176

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dL

87

0.031

5.690644425

0.0413657474

0.0031137126

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL U

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.057

11.425112775

0.0650696974

0.0048979736

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.65

0.028

5.6123361

0.031315516

0.0023572043

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.043

8.618944725

0.0485964911

0.0036579904

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.049

9.821588175

0.0727763566

0.0054780748

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.65

0.025

5.011014375

0.0363145299

0.0027334937

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dL

87

0.037

7.416301275

0.0543358852

0.0040900103

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL V

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.048

9.6211476

0.0544404955

0.0040978846

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.65

0.024

4.8105738

0.0267687089

0.0020149537

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.036

7.2158607

0.0404859822

0.0030474903

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.041

8.218063575

0.0604346995

0.0045490846

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.65

0.021

4.209252075

0.0303957365

0.00228797

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dL

87

0.031

6.213657825

0.0452745988

0.0034079425

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL W

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.048

9.6211476

0.0544404955

0.0040978846

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.65

0.024

4.8105738

0.0267687089

0.0020149537

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.036

7.2158607

0.0404859822

0.0030474903

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.041

8.218063575

0.0604346995

0.0045490846

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.021

4.209252075

0.0303957365

0.00228797

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.65

4.65

0.021

4.209252075

0.0303957365

0.00228797

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dL

87

0.031

6.213657825

0.0452745988

0.0034079425

0.0050909

0.0279691948

PANEL X

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

REQ = w * f'c / fy

MIN = 1.4 /
fy

MAX

Short Span

0.057

11.425112775

0.0650696974

0.0048979736

0.0050909

0.0279691948

4.65

0.028

5.6123361

0.031315516

0.0023572043

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dS

99

0.043

8.618944725

0.0485964911

0.0036579904

0.0050909

0.0279691948

0.049

9.821588175

0.0727763566

0.0054780748

0.0050909

0.0279691948

Long Span
S

4.65

0.025

5.011014375

0.0363145299

0.0027334937

0.0050909

0.0279691948

dL

87

0.037

7.416301275

0.0543358852

0.0040900103

0.0050909

0.0279691948

ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in


Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0052586212

457.5000469524

225

0.2472072654

0.24

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

0.375

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.


ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in
Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091
SMAX = 3 * tS

225

0.255351127
SMAX =

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

0.25

ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in


Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

0.375

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.


ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in
Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0052586212

457.5000469524

225

0.2472072654

0.24

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

0.375

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.


ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in
Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in


Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

0.375

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.


ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in
Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

0.375

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.


ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in
Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in


Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

0.375

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.


ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in
Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

0.375

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.


ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in
Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091
SMAX = 3 * tS

225

0.255351127
SMAX =

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

0.25

ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in


Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

0.375

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.


ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in
Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

0.375

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.


ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in
Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091
SMAX = 3 * tS

225

0.255351127
SMAX =

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

0.25

ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in


Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

0.375

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.


ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in
Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

0.375

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.


ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in
Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in


Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

0.375

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.


ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in
Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

0.375

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.


ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in
Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in


Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0054780748

476.5925112588

225

0.2373040551

0.23

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

0.375

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.


ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in
Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

0.375

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.


ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in
Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

ASMIN = .0018 * Computed S in


Adopted S in m
m
b*t

USE

AREQ = * b * d

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0050909091

504

225

0.2243994753

0.22

0.0054780748

476.5925112588

225

0.2373040551

0.23

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

0.0050909091

442.9090909091

225

0.255351127

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS

SMAX =

Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

Design of Continuous Beam B-1 (250 mm x 400 mm)


1.0 Design Criteria
This calculation is for the design of the slab B1 of the proposed two-storey residential unit

1.1 Specifications
1.1.1 Design References
National Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical
Structures Fifth Edition 2001
1.1.2 Design Aids
Microsoft Excel
1.2 Design Loads
1.2.1 Dead Loads
Reinforced Concrete Unit Weight
Ceilings
Floor Finishes
Movable Partitions
Super-Imposed Dead Load (Total)

=
=
=
=
=

1.2.2 Live Loads


Second Floor

1.3 Materials Property


1.3.1 Concrete
Concrete Compressive Strength
1.3.2 Steel
Rebar Diameter
Reinforcing bar Yield strength
Modulus of Elasticity

f'c

db

fy

ES

1.3.3 Concrete Cover

2.0 Load Computations


2.2 Span 13

2.1.2 Due to Triangular Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load
= tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4

WL

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

Dead Load

= DL * 1.4

wDL

Live Load

= LL * 1.7
= wL + wDL + wLL

wLL

Total Load

Load W L

2.1.1

= W*S/3

WL

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

= DL * 1.4

wDL

= LL * 1.7
= wL + wDL + wLL

wLL

Wb

LS
b
h
d

=
=
=
=

WT

WL

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

= DL * 1.4

wDL

= LL * 1.7
= wL + wDL + wLL

wLL

WL

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

Due to Trapezoidal Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load
= tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
Dead Load
Live Load
Total Load
Load W L

= W * S / 3 * {[3 - (S / L) ] / 2}
2

2.1.3 Weight of beam


Span Length
Base of Beam
Height of Beam
Depth of Beam less slab
Wt. Beam
=
Unit Wt. Of Conc. * b * d * 1.4
2.1.4 Total Weight Carried by Span 13
W T = of Loads
2.2 Span 34

2.1.2 Due to Triangular Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load
= tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
Dead Load
Live Load
Total Load
Load W L

2.1.1

= W*S/3

Due to Trapezoidal Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load
= tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
Dead Load

= DL * 1.4

wDL

Live Load

= LL * 1.7
= wL + wDL + wLL

wLL

Total Load
Load W L

= W * S / 3 * {[3 - (S / L) ] / 2}
2

2.1.4 Total Weight Carried by Span 13


W T = of Loads
2.1 Span 46
2.1.1 Load P due to PC-1
Distance of P from 3
Distance of P from 6

PPC1

=
=
=

a
b
P2B-4

2.1.1 Load P due to 2B-4


Distance of P from 3
Distance of P from 6

2.1.2 Due to Triangular Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load
= tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4

a
b

=
=
=

WL

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

Dead Load

= DL * 1.4

wDL

Live Load

= LL * 1.7
= wL + wDL + wLL

wLL

WL

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

Total Load
Load W L
2.1.1

WT

= W*S/3

Due to Trapezoidal Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load
= tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
Dead Load

= DL * 1.4

wDL

Live Load

= LL * 1.7
= wL + wDL + wLL

wLL

WT

WL

tL

=
=
=

Total Load
Load W L

= W * S / 3 * {[3 - (S / L) ] / 2}
2

2.1.4 Total Weight Carried by Span 36


W T = of Loads
2.1 Span 68

2.1.1

Due to Trapezoidal Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span

S
L
3

Slab Load

= tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4

Dead Load
Live Load
Total Load
Load W L
2.1.1

wL

= DL * 1.4

wDL

= LL * 1.7
= wL + wDL + wLL

wLL

WL

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

= W * S / 3 * {[3 - (S / L) ] / 2}
2

Due to Trapezoidal Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load
= tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
Dead Load

= DL * 1.4

wDL

Live Load

= LL * 1.7
= wL + wDL + wLL

wLL

Wb

LS
b
h
d

=
=
=
=

WT

VMAX

MV

MEQ

MD

Total Load
Load W L

= W * S / 3 * {[3 - (S / L) ] / 2}
2

2.1.3 Weight of beam


Span Length
Base of Beam
Height of Beam
Depth of Beam less slab
Wt. Beam
=
Unit Wt. Of Conc. * b * d * 1.4
2.1.4 Total Weight Carried by Span 68
W T = of Loads

3.0 Analysis

3.1 Maximum Shear Computation


See FEM Computation
3.2 Maximum Moment Computation
Negative Moment
Moment Due to Loads
Moment Due to Earthquake
MD
= (MV + MEQ) * .75
4

MU

Positive Moment

3.3 Negative Steel Reinforcement


Design Constants
Ultimate Moment
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

MU

=
=
=
=
=

134.91
20.7
275
0.90
0.85

kN-m
Mpa
Mpa
(for flexure)

b
h
d

=
=
=

250
400
352.0

mm
mm
mm

f'c
fy

Width
Height
Effective depth
3.3.1 Computation of w

MIN = 1.4 / fy

MIN

REQ = w * f'c / fy

REQ

MAX = *[0.85 * 1 * f'c / fy] [600 / (600+fy)]

MAX

AREQ

As

MU = bd2f'cw(1-0.59w)
w - 0.59w2 = 0.233785574
w = 1.414853163
w = 0.280062091
3.3.2 Computation of REQ

3.3.3 Computation No. of Steel Bars


AREQ = * b * d
As = * db2 / 4
n = AREQ / As

Use

3.4 Positive Steel Reinforcement


Design Constants
Ultimate Moment
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

MU
f'c
fy

=
=
=
=
=

135.96
20.7
275
0.90
0.85

kN-m
Mpa
Mpa
(for flexure)

Width
Height
Effective depth

b
h
d

=
=
=

250
400
352.0

3.4.1 Computation of w

mm
mm
mm
w

MIN = 1.4 / fy

MIN

REQ = w * f'c / fy

REQ

MAX = *[0.85 * 1 * f'c / fy] [600 / (600+fy)]

MAX

AREQ

As

MU = bd2f'cw(1-0.59w)
w - 0.59w2 = 0.235598741
w = 1.412138537
w = 0.282776717
3.4.2 Computation of REQ

3.3.3 Computation No. of Steel Bars


AREQ = * b * d
As = * db2 / 4
n = AREQ / As

Use

3.5 Check for Shear


Design Constants
Maximum Shear
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

VMAX

=
=
=
=

85.58
20.7
275
0.85

b
h
d

Av

=
=
=
=
=

250
400
352.0
10.0
78.5398163397

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm2

VU

Actual VC

f'c
fy

Width
Height
Effective depth
Stirrups

kN
Mpa
Mpa
(for shear)

3.5.1 Computation of VU
VU = VMAX - (W T * d)
3.5.2 Computation of Actual V
Actual VC = VU / (.85 * b * d)
6

3.5.3 Allowable VC
Allow VC = .17 * f'c
3.5.4 Computation for Stirrups
SACTUAL = Av * fy / ((VC - V) * b)
SALLOWABLE = d / 2

Allow VC

SACTUAL

SALLOWABLE

"Use 10mm Stirrups @ 200

slab B1 of the proposed two-storey residential unit

hilippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical

24
0.25
0.50
1.00
1.75

kN/m3
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa

2.0

Kpa

20.7

Mpa

16

mm

275

Mpa

200,000

Mpa

40

mm

17.15

kN/m

0.125
5.12
5.17
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

2.45

kN/m2

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m2

Grade 40

16.84

kN/m

0.125
4.550
5.120
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

2.45

kN/m2

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m2

2.31

kN/m

5.12
0.250
0.400
0.275

m
m
m
m

36.307

kN/m

17.20

kN/m

0.125
3.17
5.24
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

6.30

kN/m2

5.78

kN/m2

16.28

kN/m2

10.51

kN/m

0.125
2.900
3.170
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

2.45

kN/m2

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m2

27.710

kN/m

162.41
2.520
4.040

kN
m
m

87.83
3.880
2.660

kN
m
m

13.00

kN/m

0.125
3.880
5.170
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

2.45

kN/m2

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m2

13.62

kN/m

0.125
2.900
6.560
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

2.45

kN/m2

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m2

26.621

kN/m

12.92

kN/m

0.125
2.900
4.970

m
m
m
10

4.20

kN/m2

2.45

kN/m2

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m2

13.87

kN/m

0.120
3.100
5.820
4.03

m
m
m
kN/m2

2.45

kN/m2

3.40

kN/m2

9.88

kN/m2

2.31

kN/m

4.97
0.250
0.400
0.275

m
m
m
m

29.097

kN/m

85.58

kN

134.91

kN-m

USE

kN-m
101.1852392 kN-m
11

135.96

kN-m

Grade 40
(for flexure)

0.280062091

0.0051
0.0211

Singly Reinforced

0.0280

1855.13129 mm2
201.0619298 mm2
10
10 nos.

of 16 mm

Grade 40
(for flexure)

12

dia.

0.282776717

0.0051
0.0213

Singly Reinforced

0.0280

1873.112977 mm2
201.0619298 mm2
10
10 nos.

of 16 mm

Grade 40
(for shear)

75.33778456 KN

1.007189633 Mpa
13

dia.

0.773453295 Mpa

739.2414782 mm
176

mm

"Use 10mm Stirrups @ 200 mm O.C."

14

Design of Steel Beam SB-2


1.0 Design Criteria
This calculation is for the design of the continuous beam SB-3 of the 2nd Floor for the proposed
2-Storey Residence with Penthouse
1.1 Specifications
1.1.1 Design References
National Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical
Structures Fifth Edition 2001
1.1.2 Design Aids
Microsoft Excel
1.2 Design Loads
1.2.1 Dead Loads
Reinforced Concrete Unit Weight
Ceilings
Floor Finishes
Movable Partitions
Super-Imposed Dead Load (Total)

=
=
=
=
=

1.2.2 Live Loads


Second Floor

1.3 Materials Property


1.3.1 Steel I-Beam
Minimum Yield Stress of I-Beam

Fy

MU

2.0 Analysis

3.1 Maximum Moment Computation


Negative Moment
3.2 Design of Beam
1

Design Constants
Ultimate Moment

MU

Allowable Stress

Fb

93.3944923203 kN-m
163.944

Mpa

3.2.1 Computation of SXREQ'D


SXREQ'D = M / Fb

SXREQ'D

3.2.2 Try Steel Member


SXSUPP = SX of W16 x 26
Fbactual = M / SXSUPP

=
Fbactual

ontinuous beam SB-3 of the 2nd Floor for the proposed

ppines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical

24
0.25
0.50
1.00
1.75

kN/m3
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa

2.0

Kpa

248.4

Mpa

93.3944923203 kN-m

569,673.13 mm3

629,000.00 mm3
148.4809

Mpa

SECTION IS SAFE

FIXED END MOMENT COMPUTATIONS FOR CONTINUOUS BEAM B-1


1.0 Compute K = 1 / L
Span Length 13
Span Length 34
Span Length 46
Span Length 68
1.1

=
=
=
=

K13 = K31 = I / L
Base of Beam
Depth of Beam

b
d

=
=
=

1.2

K34 = K43 = I / L

1.3

K46 = K64 = I / L

1.3

K68 = K86 = I / L
Base of Beam
Depth of Beam

1.4

b
d
L

=
=
=
=

b
d
L

=
=
=
=

b
d
L

=
=
=
=

KC1(2ND TO ROOF) = I / L
Base of Column
Depth of Column
Height of Column (2nd to Roof)

1.7

b
d
L

=
=
=
=

KC2(GROUND TO 2ND) = I / L
Base of Column
Depth of Column
Height of Column (GROUND TO SECOND)

1.6

=
=
=

KC1(GROUND TO 2ND) = I / L
Base of Column
Depth of Column
Height of Column (GROUND TO SECOND)

1.5

b
d

KC2(2ND TO ROOF) = I / L
Base of Column
Depth of Column
Height of Column (2nd to Roof)

2.0 Compute DF
2.1

2.2

Joint 1
K1

K1

DF1A

= K1A + K1B + K13


= K1A / K1

DF1A

DF1B

= K1B / K1

DF1B

DF13

= K13 / K1

DF13

Joint 3
K3

K3

DF31

= K31 + K3C + K3D + K34


= K31 / K3

DF31

DF3C

= K3C / K3

DF3C

DF3D
DF34
0.1

Joint 4
K4
DF43
DF46

= K3D / K3
= K34 / K3

DF3D

DF34

= K43 + K46

K4

= K43 / K4
= K46 / K4

DF43

DF46

2.3

Joint 6
K6

K6

DF63

DF6E

= K63 / K6
= K6E / K6

DF6E

DF6F

= K6F / K6

DF6F

DF68

= K68 / K6

DF68

K8

DF86

DF8G

DF8H

WT

L13

FEM31

WT

L34

FEM34

WT

P1

P2

DF63

2.3

= K63 + K6E + K6F + K68

Joint 8
K8
DF86
DF8G
DF8H

= K86 + K8G + K8H


= K86 / K8
= K8G / K8
= K8H / K8

3.0 Compute Fixed End Moment


3.1

Compute Fixed End Moment for Span 13


Total Loads

37.49 kN/m
1

5.12 m

Span Length 13

FEM31
3.2

= (W T * L132 / 12)

Compute Fixed End Moment for Span 34


Total Loads

28.08 kN/m
3

3.17 m

Span Length 34

FEM34
3.2

= (W T * L132 / 12)

Compute Fixed End Moment for Span 36


Total Loads
Load P1 due to B2
Load P2 due to B2
162.41
4.65 m

87.83
1.4 m

27.55 kN/m
3

6.56 m

kN
2.67 m

3.2

Span Length 36
Distance of P1 from Support 3

L36

a136

Distance of P1 from Support 6

b136

Distance of P2 from Support 3

a236

Distance of P2 from Support 6

b236

FEM36

= (W T * L362 / 12) +
(P1 * a136 * b1362 / L362) + ((P2 * a236 * b2362 / L2362)

FEM36

FEM63

= (W T * L632 / 12) +
(P1 * a1362 * b136 / L362) + ((P2 * a2362 * b236 / L2362)

FEM32

WT

L46

FEM64

WT

=
=

Compute Fixed End Moment for Span 34


Total Loads

30.97 kN/m
27.55 kN/m
4

4.97 m

Span Length 46

FEM64

= (W T * L642 / 12) +

4.0 Maximum Shear and Moment Computation


4.1
Compute Moment at Supports using FEM Method

4.2

Isolate Span 46
Total Loads
Load P due to B-5

67.457 kN-m

30.04 kN/m
4

72.30654931 kN

4.97 m

112.660

72.307

22.66792578 kN
RA = 94.97447509 kN

4.2.1

4.2.2

-22.6679258
RB =
49.639

Span Length 46

L46

Distance of P from Support A

aAB

Distance of P from Support B

bAB

RB

RB

Shear Computation
VAL

VAL

VAR

VAR

VBL

VBL

VBR

VBR

Moment Computation
MAB

MAB

M0

M1

MBA

MBA

= (W T * LAB / 2)

5.12
3.17
6.56
4.97

m
m
m
m

0.000208333
0.200
m
0.400
m
0.315457413
0.152439024
0.000214621
0.200
m
0.400
m
0.000182962
0.200
m
0.400
m
5.830
m
0.000182962
0.200
m
0.400
m
5.830
m
0.000333333
0.200
m
0.400
m
3.200
m
0.000333333
0.200
m
0.400
m
3.200
m

0.000574257
0.318606098
0.318606098
0.362787803

0.31603167
0.000659217
0.000578935

0.000578935
0.998182914

0.468
0.674203494
0.325796506

0.153019569
0.996206077
0.001195675
0.001195675
0.001402573

0.000881288
0.243531202
0.378234399
0.378234399

36.31

kN/m

5.12

79.31376772 kN-m

27.71

kN/m

3.17

23.20437979 kN-m

26.62120515 kN/m

162.41

kN

87.83

kN

6.56

2.52

4.04

3.88

2.66

306.7225436 kN-m

274.0179038 kN-m

26.62

kN/m

4.97

59.89392501 kN-m

29.10

kN/m
kN
-45.203 kN-m

kN

kN
kN
4.97

72.307

kN

kN

85.5800

kN

-78.770

kN

0.0000

kN

-67.457

kN-m

11.33

kN-m

45.203

kN-m

Design of Steel Beam SB-1


1.0 Design Criteria
This calculation is for the design of the continuous beam SB-3 of the 2nd Floor for the proposed
2-Storey Residence with Penthouse
1.1 Specifications
1.1.1 Design References
National Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical
Structures Fifth Edition 2001
1.1.2 Design Aids
Microsoft Excel
1.2 Design Loads
1.2.1 Dead Loads
Reinforced Concrete Unit Weight
Ceilings
Floor Finishes
Movable Partitions
Super-Imposed Dead Load (Total)

=
=
=
=
=

1.2.2 Live Loads


Second Floor

1.3 Materials Property


1.3.1 Steel I-Beam
Minimum Yield Stress of I-Beam

Fy

MU

2.0 Analysis

3.1 Maximum Moment Computation


Negative Moment
3.2 Design of Beam
1

Design Constants
Ultimate Moment

MU

Allowable Stress

Fb

257.043505212 kN-m
163.944

Mpa

3.2.1 Computation of SXREQ'D


SXREQ'D = M / Fb

SXREQ'D

3.2.2 Try Steel Member


SXSUPP = SX of W18 x 106
Fbactual = M / SXSUPP

=
Fbactual

ontinuous beam SB-3 of the 2nd Floor for the proposed

ppines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical

24
0.25
0.50
1.00
1.75

kN/m3
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa

2.0

Kpa

248.4

Mpa

257.0435052118 kN-m

1,567,873.82 mm3

3,343,000.00 mm3
76.8901

Mpa

SECTION IS SAFE

Design of Continuous Beam B-2 (200 mm x 400 mm)


1.0 Design Criteria
This calculation is for the design of the beam B-1 of the proposed 2-storey residential

1.1 Specifications
1.1.1 Design References
National Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical
Structures Fifth Edition 2001
1.1.2 Design Aids
Microsoft Excel
1.2 Design Loads
1.2.1 Dead Loads
Reinforced Concrete Unit Weight
Ceilings
Floor Finishes
Movable Partitions
Super-Imposed Dead Load (Total)

=
=
=
=
=

1.2.2 Live Loads


Second Floor

1.3 Materials Property


1.3.1 Concrete
Concrete Compressive Strength
1.3.2 Steel
Rebar Diameter
Reinforcing bar Yield strength
Modulus of Elasticity

f'c

db

fy

ES

1.3.3 Concrete Cover

2.0 Load Computations


2.2 Span AB

WL

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

= DL * 1.4

wDL

= LL * 1.7
= wL + wDL + wLL

wLL

2.1.2 Due to Triangular Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load
= tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
Dead Load
Live Load
Total Load

Load W L

= W*S/3

2.1.3 Weight of beam


Span Length
Base of Beam
Height of Beam
Depth of Beam less slab
Wt. Beam
=
Unit Wt. Of Conc. * b * d * 1.4
2.1.4 Total Weight Carried by Span AB

Wb

LS
b
h
d

=
=
=
=

WT

PB-4
a
b

=
=
=

WL

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

W T = of Loads
2.1 Span BC
2.1.1 Load P due to B4
Distance of P from B
Distance of P from C

2.1.2 Due to Triangular Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load
= tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
Dead Load

= DL * 1.4

wDL

Live Load

= LL * 1.7
= wL + wDL + wLL

wLL

WL

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

Total Load
Load W L

= W*S/3

2.1.2 Due to Triangular Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load
= tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
Dead Load

= DL * 1.4

wDL

Live Load

= LL * 1.7
= wL + wDL + wLL

wLL

Wb

LS

=
=
=
=

Total Load
Load W L

= W*S/3

2.1.3 Weight of beam


Span Length
Base of Beam
Height of Beam
Depth of Beam less slab
Wt. Beam
=
Unit Wt. Of Conc. * b * d * 1.4

b
h
d

2.1.4 Total Weight Carried by Span BC


W T = of Loads

WT

WL

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

2.1 Span CD

2.1.2 Due to Triangular Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load
= tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
Dead Load

= DL * 1.4

wDL

Live Load

= LL * 1.7
= wL + wDL + wLL

wLL

WL

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

Total Load
Load W L
2.1.1

= W*S/3

Due to Trapezoidal Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load
= tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
Dead Load

= DL * 1.4

wDL

Live Load

= LL * 1.7
= wL + wDL + wLL

wLL

Wb

LS
b
h
d

=
=
=
=

WT

WL

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

Total Load
Load W L

= W * S / 3 * {[3 - (S / L) ] / 2}
2

2.1.3 Weight of beam


Span Length
Base of Beam
Height of Beam
Depth of Beam less slab
Wt. Beam
=
Unit Wt. Of Conc. * b * d * 1.4
2.1.4 Total Weight Carried by Span CD
W T = of Loads
2.1 Span DE

2.1.2 Due to Triangular Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load
= tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
Dead Load

= DL * 1.4

wDL

Live Load

= LL * 1.7
= wL + wDL + wLL

wLL

Total Load
Load W L

= W*S/3
3

WL

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

= DL * 1.4

wDL

= LL * 1.7
= wL + wDL + wLL

wLL

Wb

LS
b
h
d

=
=
=
=

WT

PB-4
a
b

=
=
=

WL

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

2.1.2 Due to Triangular Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load
= tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
Dead Load
Live Load
Total Load
Load W L

= W*S/3

2.1.3 Weight of beam


Span Length
Base of Beam
Height of Beam
Depth of Beam less slab
Wt. Beam
=
Unit Wt. Of Conc. * b * d * 1.4
2.1.4 Total Weight Carried by Span DE
W T = of Loads
2.2 Span EF
2.1.1 Load P due to B4
Distance of P from E
Distance of P from F

2.1.1

Due to Trapezoidal Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load
= tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
Dead Load

= DL * 1.4

wDL

Live Load

= LL * 1.7
= wL + wDL + wLL

wLL

Wb

LS
b
h
d

=
=
=
=

WT

Total Load
Load W L

= W * S / 3 * {[3 - (S / L) ] / 2}
2

2.1.3 Weight of beam


Span Length
Base of Beam
Height of Beam
Depth of Beam less slab
Wt. Beam
=
Unit Wt. Of Conc. * b * d * 1.4
2.1.4 Total Weight Carried by Span EF
4

W T = of Loads
2.2 Span FG

2.1.1

WL

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

= DL * 1.4

wDL

= LL * 1.7
= wL + wDL + wLL

wLL

Wb

LS
b
h
d

=
=
=
=

WT

Due to Trapezoidal Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load
= tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
Dead Load
Live Load
Total Load
Load W L

= W * S / 3 * {[3 - (S / L) ] / 2}
2

2.1.3 Weight of beam


Span Length
Base of Beam
Height of Beam
Depth of Beam less slab
Wt. Beam
=
Unit Wt. Of Conc. * b * d * 1.4
2.1.4 Total Weight Carried by Span FG
W T = of Loads

3.0 Analysis

3.1 Maximum Shear Computation


See FEM Computation
3.2 Maximum Moment Computation
Negative Moment
Moment Due to Loads
Moment Due to Earthquake
MD
= (MV + MEQ) * .75
Positive Moment

VMAX

MV

MEQ

MD

MU

3.3 Negative Steel Reinforcement


Design Constants
Ultimate Moment
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

MU
f'c
fy

=
=
=
=

92.12
20.7
275
0.90

kN-m
Mpa
Mpa
(for flexure)

Width
Height
Effective depth

0.85

b
h
d

=
=
=

250
400
360.0

3.3.1 Computation of w

mm
mm
mm
w

MIN = 1.4 / fy

MIN

REQ = w * f'c / fy

REQ

MAX = *[0.85 * 1 * f'c / fy] [600 / (600+fy)]

MAX

AREQ

As

MU = bd2f'cw(1-0.59w)
w - 0.59w2 = 0.152608407
w = 1.525341181
w = 0.169574074
3.3.2 Computation of REQ

3.3.3 Computation No. of Steel Bars


AREQ = * b * d
As = * db2 / 4
n = AREQ / As

Use

3.4 Positive Steel Reinforcement


Design Constants
Ultimate Moment
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

MU

=
=
=
=
=

92.862
20.7
275
0.90
0.85

kN-m
Mpa
Mpa
(for flexure)

b
h
d

=
=
=

250
400
360.0

mm
mm
mm

f'c
fy

Width
Height
Effective depth
3.4.1 Computation of w

MU = bd2f'cw(1-0.59w)
w - 0.59w2 = 0.15384386
w = 1.523794913
w = 0.171120341
8

3.4.2 Computation of REQ


MIN = 1.4 / fy

MIN

REQ = w * f'c / fy

REQ

MAX = *[0.85 * 1 * f'c / fy] [600 / (600+fy)]

MAX

AREQ

As

3.3.3 Computation No. of Steel Bars


AREQ = * b * d
As = * db2 / 4
n = AREQ / As

Use

3.5 Check for Shear


Design Constants
Maximum Shear
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

VMAX

=
=
=
=

109.777186229
20.7
275
0.85

kN
Mpa
Mpa
(for shear)

b
h
d

Av

=
=
=
=
=

250
400
360.0
12.0
113.097335529

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm2

VU

Actual VC

Allow VC

SACTUAL

f'c
fy

Width
Height
Effective depth
Stirrups

3.5.1 Computation of VU
VU = VMAX - (W T * d)
3.5.2 Computation of Actual V
Actual VC = VU / (.85 * b * d)
3.5.3 Allowable VC
Allow VC = .17 * f'c
3.5.4 Computation for Stirrups
SACTUAL = Av * fy / ((VC - V) * b)

"Use 10mm Stirrups @ 200

Prepared By:

Engr. Jose J. Oriola, Jr.


Civil Engineer - Lic. No.

10

beam B-1 of the proposed 2-storey residential

hilippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical

24
0.25
0.50
1.00
1.75

kN/m3
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa

2.0

Kpa

20.7

Mpa

16

mm

275

Mpa

200,000

Mpa

40

mm

14.34

kN/m

0.125
4.28
6.64
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

2.45

kN/m2

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m2

Grade 40

11

3.36

kN/m

2.45
0.250
0.400
0.400

m
m
m
m

17.698

kN/m

153.45
1.84
2.07

kN/m
m
m

14.34

kN/m

0.125
4.28
6.64
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

2.45

kN/m2

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m2

13.07

kN/m

0.125
3.90
5.82
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

2.45

kN/m2

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m2

2.31

kN/m

3.91
0.250
0.400
0.275

m
m
m
m

12

16.648

kN/m

10.72

kN/m

0.125
3.20
5.82
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

2.45

kN/m2

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m2

10.54

kN/m

0.125
2.860
3.200
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

2.45

kN/m2

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m2

2.31

kN/m

3.20
0.250
0.400
0.275

m
m
m
m

23.575

kN/m

9.72

kN/m

0.125
2.90
5.82
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

2.45

kN/m2

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m2

13

9.72

kN/m

0.125
2.90
6.64
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

2.45

kN/m2

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m2

2.31

kN/m

2.90
0.250
0.400
0.275

m
m
m
m

21.740

kN/m

153.45
2.33
1.90

kN
m
m

8.36

kN/m

0.125
1.75
4.570
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

2.45

kN/m2

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m2

2.31

kN/m

4.23
0.250
0.400
0.275

m
m
m
m

10.674

kN/m
14

8.36

kN/m

0.125
1.75
4.570
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

2.45

kN/m2

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m2

3.36

kN/m

2.66
0.250
0.400
0.400

m
m
m
m

11.724

kN/m

15

16

109.7771862 kN

92.12

kN-m

USE

kN-m
69.08719953 kN-m
92.862

kN-m

(Gr. 60)
(for flexure)
17

0.169574074

0.0051
0.0128

Singly Reinforced

0.0280

1148.78727 mm2
201.0619298 mm2
6
6 nos.

of 16 mm

(Gr. 60)
(for flexure)

0.171120341

18

dia.

0.0051
0.0129

Singly Reinforced

0.0280

1159.262528 mm2
201.0619298 mm2
6
6 nos.

of 16 mm

(Gr. 60)
(for shear)

101.2902219 KN

1.324055188 Mpa

0.773453295 Mpa

451.894811 mm

19

dia.

"Use 10mm Stirrups @ 200 mm O.C."

20

FIXED END MOMENT COMPUTATIONS FOR CONTINUOUS BEAM B-2


1.0 Compute K = 1 / L
Span Length AB
Span Length BC
Span Length CD
Span Length DE
Span Length EF
Span Length FG
1.1

KAB = KBA = I / L
Base of Beam
Depth of Beam

1.2

=
=
=

b
d
L

=
=
=
=

b
d
L

=
=
=
=

b
d
L

=
=
=
=

b
d
L

=
=
=
=

KC1(2F TO ATTIC) = I / L
Base of Column
Depth of Column
Height of Column (Attic to Roof)

1.10

b
d

KC2(GF TO 2F) = I / L
Base of Column
Depth of Column
Height of Column (2F to Attic)

1.9

b
d

=
=
=

KC1(GF TO 2F) = I / L
Base of Column
Depth of Column
Height of Column (GF to 2F)

1.8

=
=
=

KFG = KGF = I / L
Base of Beam
Depth of Beam

1.7

b
d

KEF = KFE = I / L
Base of Beam
Depth of Beam

1.6

b
d

=
=
=

KDE = KED = I / L
Base of Beam
Depth of Beam

1.5

b
d

=
=
=

KCD = KDC = I / L
Base of Beam
Depth of Beam

1.4

b
d

=
=
=

KBC = KCB = I / L
Base of Beam
Depth of Beam

1.3

=
=
=
=
=
=

KC2(2F TO ATTIC) = I / L
Base of Column
Depth of Column
Height of Column (Attic to Roof)

2.0 Compute DF
2.1

Joint A
KA

KA

DFA1

DFA2

DFAB

KB

DFBA

DFB3

DFB4

= KB3 / KB
= KB4 / KB

DFB4

DFBC

= KA"C / KA"

DFBC

= KCB + KB4 + KB5 + KCD


= KCB / KC

KC

DFCB

DFC5

DFC6

= KC5 / KC
= KC6 / KC

DFC6

DFCD

= KCD / KC

DFCD

DFA1
DFA2
DFAB
2.2

Joint B
KB
DFBA
DFB3

2.3

Joint C
KC
DFCB
DFC5

2.4

Joint D
KD

KD

=
=

DFD7

DFD7

DFD8

= KD8 / KD

DFD8

DFDE

= KDE / KD

DFDE

= KED + KE9 + KE10 + KEF


= KED / KE

KE

DFED

Joint E
KE

= KDC + KD7 + KD8 + KDE

DFE9

DFE10

= KE9 / KE
= KE10 / KE

DFE10

DFEF

= KEF / KE

DFEF

KF

DFFE

= KFE + KF11 + KF12 + KFG


= KFE / KF

DFFE

DFF11

= KF11 / KF

DFF11

DFF12

= KF12 / KF
= KFG / KF

DFF12

DFFG

DFE9

Joint F
KF

DFFG
2.3

= KBA + KB3 + KB4 + KBC


= KBA / KB

DFDC

DFED

2.6

= KA2 / KA
= KAB / KA

= KDC / KD
= KD7 / KD

DFDC

2.5

= KA1 + KA2 + KAB


= KA1 / KA

Joint G
KG
DFGF
DFG13
DFG14

= KCA" + KG13 + KG14


= KGF / KG
= KG13 / KG
= KG14 / KG

KG

DFGF

DFG13

DFG14

3.0 Compute Fixed End Moment


3.1

Compute Fixed End Moment for Span AB


Total Loads

WT

LAB

19.37kN/m
A

2.45 m

Span Length AB

3.2

FEMAB

= (W T * LAB2 / 12)

FEMAB

FEMBA

= (W T * LAB2 / 12)

FEMBA

WT
P

=
=

Span Length BC

LBC

Distance of Load P from B

aBC

Distance of Load P from C

bBC

Compute Fixed End Moment for Span BC


Total Loads
Load P due to B4
153.45
1.84 m

kN
2.07 m

18.11 kN/m
B

3.3

3.91 m

FEMBC

= (W T * LBC2 / 12)
(P * aBC * bBC2 / LBC2)

FEMBC

FEMCB

= (W T * LBC2 / 12)
(P * aBC2 * bBC / LBC2)

FEMCB

WT

LCD

FEMCD

Compute Fixed End Moment for Span CD


Total Loads

25.28 kN/m
C

Span Length CD
FEMCD

= (W T * LCD2 / 12)

3.20 m

FEMDC

= (W T * LCD2 / 12)

FEMDC

3.4

Compute Fixed End Moment for Span DE


Total Loads

WT

LDE

23.38 kN/m
D

2.90 m

Span Length DE

3.5

FEMDE

= (W T * LDE2 / 12)

FEMDE

FEMED

= (W T * LDE2 / 12)

FEMED

WT
P

=
=

Span Length EF

LAB

Distance of Load P from E

aAA"

Distance of Load P from F

bAA"

Compute Fixed End Moment for Span EF


Total Loads
Load P due to PC-2
153.45
2.33 m

1.90 m

11.93 kN/m
E

3.6

4.23 m

FEMEF

= (W T * LEF2 / 12)

FEMEF

FEMFE

= (W T * LEF2 / 12)

FEMFE

WT

LFG

Compute Fixed End Moment for Span FG


Total Loads

13.19 kN/m
E

Span Length FG

2.66 m

FEMFG

= (W T * LFG2 / 12)

FEMFG

FEMGF

= (W T * LFG2 / 12)

FEMGF

B
A
0.
0.
L
001
0.
000
0.
0.
001
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
-0.
000
0.
0.
001
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
-0.
000
-0.
0.
001
001
000

COM
0.0.
003
0.
003
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
002
0.
002
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
001
0.
001
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
002
002

B
0.
A
0.
L
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
006
0.
005
0.
003
0.
004
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
001
0.
001
0.
001
0.
001
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
000

COM
0.0.
001
-0.
001
-0.
011
-0.
018
0.
007
0.
000
0.
000
-0.
000
-0.
005
0.
005
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
-0.
000
-0.
001
0.
001
0.
000
0.
000
000

B
A
0.
0.
L
021
0.
000
0.
0.
022
001
0.
001
0.
001
-0.
001
-0.
008
0.
011
0.
0.
006
0.
009
000
0.
000
0.
000
-0.
000
-0.
004
0.
004
0.
0.
002
0.
002
003
0.
005
0.
003
-0.
005
-0.
013
0.
013
007

COM
0.0.
054
-0.
054
-0.
003
-0.
004
0.
002
0.
034
0.
034
-0.
000
-0.
001
0.
001
0.
000
0.
012
0.
012
-0.
000
-0.
017
0.
017
0.
000
0.
034
034

B
A
0.
0.
L
005
0.
000
0.
0.
005
108
0.
100
0.
055
-0.
068
-0.
002
0.
003
0.
0.
001
0.
002
022
0.
026
0.
014
-0.
024
-0.
049
0.
054
0.
029
0.
034
0.
003
0.
005
0.
003
0.
005
0.
003
0.
003
002

COM
0.0.
013
-0.
013
-0.
207
-0.
331
0.
124
0.
008
0.
008
-0.
000
-0.
086
0.
086
0.
000
0.
166
0.
166
0.
000
0.
015
0.
015
0.
000
0.
008
008

B
A
0.
0.
L
381
0.
000
0.
0.
414
026
0.
024
0.
013
-0.
016
-0.
140
0.
205
0.
0.
113
0.
171
301
0.
362
0.
199
0.
333
0.
045
0.
049
0.
027
-0.
031
-0.
208
0.
330
0.
181
0.
331
0.
247
0.
247
135

COM
1.1.
004
-3.
004
-0.
095
3.
079
0.
017
0.
629
0.
629
-1.
000
-1.
194
0.
194
-0.
000
-0.
152
0.
152
1.
000
1.
051
0.
051
0.
000
0.
629
629

B
A
5.
-3.
L
688
6.
2.
122
1.
191
008
1.
845
1.
013
-1.
258
-2.
955
1.
866
2.
573
0.
389
0.
275
0.
330
0.
3.
181
3.
304
067
1.
335
2.
831
-1.
103
-1.
198
1.
901
1.
6.
043
6.
906
033
3.
018
303

COM
15.
15.
1.
001
001
827
6.
-7.
123
9.
950
8.
399
784
0.
-9.
616
1.
714
10.
090
-0.
804
10.
680
-9.
7.
335
655
6.
407
049
1.
-15.
358
-15.
354
354

B
3.
A
1.
L
357
3.
842
30.
654
27.
15.
002
18.
564
-15.
129
-23.
799
-12.
900
19.
313
1.
796
1.
428
232
0.
478
1.
21.
811
23.
359
12.
607
14.
498
-19.
898
-30.
814
-16.
311
30.
632
2.
813
2.
709
716
1.
709
487

FE
-8.
M
-8.
853
8.
853
853
91.
-100.
91.
494
71.
554
347
20.
20.
436
4.
117
117
881
15.
15.
-72.
236
236
-88.
104.
816
97.
052
-6.
378
6.
465
913
6.
913
913

D
0.
F
0.
379
0.
208
0.
413
0.
328
0.
301
0.
165
0.
205
0.
223
0.
326
0.
179
0.
272
0.
252
0.
303
0.
166
0.
279
0.
297
0.
323
0.
177
0.
203
0.
198
0.
314
0.
173
0.
315
0.
393
0.
392
215

ME
A
A
1
M
A
2
B
B
B
B
A
E
B
3
R
B
4
C
S
C
C
B
C
5
C
6
D
D
D
C
D
7
D
8
E
E
E
D
E
9
E
10
FE
F
F11
F12
FG
GF
F13
F14

4.0 Maximum Shear and Moment Computation


4.1
Compute Moment at Supports using FEM Method

4.2

Isolate Span EF
Total Loads
Load P due toFB-2

WT
P
153.45
2.33 m

80.797 kN-m

91.502

1.90

4.23 m

kN

-2.67584301 kN
RB = 88.82628094 kN

4.2.2

kN

11.93 kN/m
E

4.2.1

=
=

11.319

107.101

2.675843011
RC = 109.777

Span Length EF

LEF

Distance of Load P from E

aEF

Distance of Load P from F

bEF

RE

= (W T * LBC / 2)

RE

RF

= (W T * LBC / 2)

RF

Shear Computation
VEL

VEL

VER

VER

V1L

V1L

V1R

V1R

VEL

VEL

VER

VER

Moment Computation
MEF

MBC

M1

M1

MFE

MCB

2.45
3.91
3.20
2.90
4.23
2.66

m
m
m
m
m
m

0.000544218
0.250
m
0.400
m
0.000341006
0.250
m
0.400
m
0.000416667
0.250
m
0.400
m
0.00045977
0.250
m
0.400
m
0.000315209
0.250
m
0.400
m
0.000501253
0.250
m
0.400
m
0.000274443
0.300
m
0.400
m
5.830
m
0.000274443
0.300
m
0.400
m
5.830
m
0.0005
0.300
0.400
3.200

m
m
m

0.0005
0.300
0.400
3.200

m
m
m

0.00131866
0.379172732
0.208122254
0.412705014

0.001659666
0.327907919
0.3012654
0.165360082
0.205466599

0.001532115
0.222572019
0.326346223
0.179126572
0.271955186

0.001650879
0.252390748
0.302868898
0.166240218
0.278500136

0.002
0.296736634
0.32270109
0.177125813
0.203436463

0.002
0.198131834
0.314286622
0.172507237
0.315074308

0.001275696
0.392925322
0.391943009
0.215131669

17.70

kN/m

2.45

8.852687083 kN-m
8.852687083 kN-m

16.65
153.45

kN/m
kN

3.91

1.84

2.07

100.3467255 kN-m

91.55372167 kN-m

23.57

kN/m

3.20

20.11724885 kN-m

20.11724885 kN-m

21.74

kN/m

2.90

15.23611667 kN-m
15.23611667 kN-m

10.67
153.45

kN/m
kN

4.23

2.33

1.90

88.05246361 kN-m
104.3781713 kN-m

11.72

kN/m

2.66

6.912814127 kN-m
6.912814127 kN-m

FE
-2.
M
1.
4.
739
39.
280
242
29.
16.
514
-85.
539
83.
214
-26.
266
14.
622
-42.
7.
399
490
1.
935
733
0.
419
5.
39.
779
26.
737
14.
250
-80.
824
92.
723
-32.
797
18.
116
-41.
863
4.
3.
038
1.
216
716
045
671

B
0.
A
0.
L
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
000

COM
0.0.
000
-0.
000
-0.
001
0.
001
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
000

B
A
0.
0.
L
001
0.
000
0.
0.
001
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
-0.
000
0.
0.
001
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
-0.
000
-0.
0.
001
001
000

COM
0.0.
003
0.
003
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
002
0.
002
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
001
0.
001
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
002
002

B
0.
A
0.
L
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
006
0.
005
0.
003
0.
004
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
001
0.
001
0.
001
0.
001
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
000

COM
0.0.
001
-0.
001
-0.
011
-0.
018
0.
007
0.
000
0.
000
-0.
000
-0.
005
0.
005
0.
000
0.
000
0.
000
-0.
000
-0.
001
0.
001
0.
000
0.
000
000

10.67
153.45

kN/m
kN

92.116 kN-m
F

kN

kN
kN
4.23

2.33

1.90

91.502

kN

107.101

kN

kN

88.8263

kN

65.2700

kN

-91.5300

kN

-109.777

kN

0.0000

kN

-80.797

kN-m

103.18

kN-m

-92.116

kN-m

Design of Isolated Beam B-3 (200 mm x 400 mm)


1.0 Design Criteria
This calculation is for the design of the beam B-3 of the proposed 2-storey Residence

1.1 Specifications
1.1.1 Design References
National Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical
Structures Fifth Edition 2001
1.1.2 Design Aids
Microsoft Excel
1.2 Design Loads
1.2.1 Dead Loads
Reinforced Concrete Unit Weight
Ceilings
Floor Finishes
Movable Partitions
Super-Imposed Dead Load (Total)

=
=
=
=
=

1.2.2 Live Loads


Second Floor

1.3 Materials Property


1.3.1 Concrete
Concrete Compressive Strength
1.3.2 Steel
Rebar Diameter
Reinforcing bar Yield strength
Modulus of Elasticity

f'c

db

fy

ES

1.3.3 Concrete Cover

2.0 Load Computations


2.2 Span AB

2.1.2 Due to Triangular Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load
= tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4

WL

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

Dead Load

= DL * 1.4

wDL

Live Load

= LL * 1.7
= wL + wDL + wLL

wLL

Total Load

Load W L

= W*S/3

2.1.1

Due to Trapezoidal Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load
= tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4

WL

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

Dead Load

= DL * 1.4

wDL

Live Load

= LL * 1.7
= wL + wDL + wLL

wLL

Wb

LS
b
h
d

=
=
=
=

WT

R1

VMAX

MU

Total Load
Load W L

= W * S / 3 * {[3 - (S / L) ] / 2}
2

2.1.3 Weight of beam


Span Length
Base of Beam
Height of Beam
Depth of Beam less slab
Wt. Beam
=
Unit Wt. Of Conc. * b * d * 1.4
2.1.4 Total Weight Carried by Span AB
W T = of Loads

3.0 Analysis
20.8992 kN/m
3.50

R1 =

36.574

kN

3.1 Maximum Shear Computation


Simple Beam - Uniformly Distributed Load
VMAX = W T * LS / 2
3.2 Maximum Moment Computation
Simple Beam - Uniformly Distributed Load
MU = W T * LS2 / 8

3.4 Positive Steel Reinforcement


Design Constants
Ultimate Moment
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

MU
f'c
fy

1
3

=
=
=
=
=

32.0018319633
20.7
275
0.90
0.85

kN-m
Mpa
Mpa
(for flexure)

Width
Height
Effective depth

b
h
d

=
=
=

200
400
352.0

mm
mm
mm

3.4.1 Computation of w

MIN = 1.4 / fy

MIN

REQ = w * f'c / fy

REQ

MAX = *[0.85 * 1 * f'c / fy] [600 / (600+fy)]

MAX

AREQ

As

MU = bd2f'cw(1-0.59w)
w - 0.59w2 = 0.069318102
w = 1.62250351
w = 0.072411744
3.4.2 Computation of REQ

3.3.3 Computation No. of Steel Bars


AREQ = * b * d
As = * db2 / 4
n = AREQ / As

Use

3.5 Check for Shear


Design Constants
Maximum Shear
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

VMAX

=
=
=
=

36.5735222438
20.7
275
0.85

kN
Mpa
Mpa
(for shear)

b
h
d

Av

=
=
=
=
=

200
400
360.0
10.0
78.5398163397

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm2

VU

Actual VC

f'c
fy

Width
Height
Effective depth
Stirrups

3.5.1 Computation of VU
VU = VMAX - (W T * d)
3.5.2 Computation of Actual V
Actual VC = VU / (.85 * b * d)
3.5.3 Allowable VC

Allow VC = .17 * f'c


3.5.4 Computation for Stirrups
SACTUAL = Av * fy / ((VC - V) * b)
SALLOWABLE = d / 2

Allow VC

SACTUAL

SALLOWABLE

"Use 10mm Stirrups @ 130

beam B-3 of the proposed 2-storey Residence

hilippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical

24
0.25
0.50
1.00
1.75

kN/m3
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa

2.0

Kpa

20.7

Mpa

16

mm

275

Mpa

200,000

Mpa

40

mm

10.48

kN/m

0.125
2.85
3.20
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

3.43

kN/m2

3.40

kN/m2

11.03

kN/m2

(Gr. 40)

8.57

kN/m

0.125
2.07
2.850
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

2.45

kN/m2

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m2

1.848

kN/m

3.50
0.200
0.400
0.275

m
m
m
m

20.899

kN/m

36.57352224 kN

36.57352224 kN

32.00183196 kN-m

(Gr. 40)
(for flexure)

10

0.072411744

0.0051
0.0055

Singly Reinforced

0.0280

575.5864692 mm2
201.0619298 mm2
3
3 nos.

of 16 mm

(Gr. 60)
(for shear)

36.57352224 KN

0.597606573 Mpa

11

dia.

0.773453295 Mpa

1228.254309 mm
180

mm

"Use 10mm Stirrups @ 130 mm O.C."

12

DESIGN OF COLUMN C1 (200 mm x 400 mm)


1.0 Design Criteria
This calculation is for the design of the planted column PC1 of the proposed 2-storey House with Attic
1.1 Specifications
1.1.1 Design References
National Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical
Structures Fifth Edition 2001
1.1.2 Design Aids
Microsoft Excel
1.2 Design Loads
1.2.1 Dead Loads
Reinforced Concrete Unit Weight
Ceilings
Floor Finishes
Movable Partitions
Super-Imposed Dead Load (Total)
Minimum Design Load for Hollow Concrete Masonry Unit
Two faces plastered

=
=
=
=
=
=

1.2.2 Live Load

1.3 Materials Property


1.3.1 Concrete
Concrete Compressive Strength

f'c

1.3.2 Steel
Rebar Diameter

db1

fy

ES

Reinforcing bar Yield strength


Modulus of Elasticity
1.3.3 Concrete Cover
1.2.2 Design Data
Span AB

LAB

Span BC

LBC

Span 34

L45

Span 45

L56

Base C1 Exterior Column

bC1

Depth C1 Exterior Column

dC1

Base B1

bB1

Effective Depth B1

dB1

Base B2

bB2

Effective Depth B2

dB2

Base SB1

bB2

Effective Depth SB1

dB2

H2nd-Deck

tS1

Height from Second Floor to Attic


Thickness S1
2.0 Load Computation on Column C1
2.1 Deck Floor: Trib. Area = [(L34 + L45) / 2] * [(LAB + LBC) / 2]

2.1.2 Beams
Along Transverse Direction
B1
= Unit Wt. Of Conc. * bB1 * dB1 * (LAB + LBC) /

/ 2 * 1.4
Along Longitudinal Direction
B1
= Unit Wt. Of Conc. * bB1 * dB1 * (L34 + L45) /
2 * 1.4

2.1.4 Super-Imposed Dead Load


SDL
= SDL * Tributary Area * 1.4

2.1.5 Live Load


LL

= LL * Tributary Area * 1.7

2.1.6 Column
Column C1

= Unit Wt. Of Conc. * bC1 * dC1 * H2-D * 1.4

2.1.7 Total Loads at Deck


2.2 Total Loads for Column C1

PU1

PU

3.0 Analysis

0.1 Footing to Second Floor


Design Constants
Total Loads for Column C1

PU

Design Moment

MD

f C'

fy

AG

=
=
=
=

n1

Base

bC1

Depth

hC1

Effective Depth

dC1

Conc. Comp. Strength


Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction Factor
AG

= bC1 * dC1

No. Of Steel Bars

16 mm dia.

3.1.1 Computation of AS
AS = AS' = n * * db2 / 4

3.1.2 Computation of C
From Strain Diagram

C
ES'
C - 75

0.003
C

ES' = .003 * [(C-75) - C]


f S' = ES * E S'
=

600

* [(C-75) - C]

ASfy = .85 * fC' * [0.85 * c * b - AS'] + AS' * fS'


3.7730912095 C2
+
168.15 C
=
45000
C
=
89.1760949
C
=
-133.74168
3.1.3 Computation of C1
a = C
C1 = .85 * fC' * a * b

=
=

3.1.4 Computation of C2
f S' =

600
* [(C-75) - C]
C2 = AS' [fS' - (.85 * fC')]

3.1.5 Computation of T
T = C1 + C2
T = AS * f Y

=
=

3.1.6 Computation of Moment Capacity


MINT = [C1 * (d - a / 2)] * [C2 * (d - d')]

MCAP = 0.70 * MINT

3.1.7 Consider Axial Load


G = AS / AG

PU = 0.80 * * AG [.85 * f'c * (1 - G) +


(Gfy)]

3.1.8 Design the Lateral Ties


Using 10 mm dia. Lateral Ties, Spacing "S"
S = 16 * Longitudinal Bar Diameter
S = 48 * Lateral Tie Bar Diameter
S = Least Column Size

Prepared By:

Engr. Jose J. Oriola, Jr.


Civil Engineer - Lic. No.

PU

S
S
S

=
=
=

d 2-storey House with Attic

r, and Other Vertical

24
0.25
0.50
1.00
1.75
3.45

kN/m3
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa

2.00

Kpa

20.7

Mpa

16

mm

414

Mpa

200,000

Mpa

75

mm

7.00

3.00

4.65

4.14

0.20

0.40

0.20

0.40

(Gr. 60)

m
m
m
m
3.20

0.125

21.98

m2

13.44

kN

11.81

kN

53.84

kN

74.72

kN

8.60

kN

162.41

kN

162.41

kN

162.41

kN

46.70

kN-m

20.7

Mpa

414
0.70
0.85
80000

Mpa

mm2

8
200

mm

400

mm

325

804.25

mm2

89.18

mm

(Gr. 60)

75.80
266.74

mm
kN

95.38

Mpa

62.56

kN

329.30

kN

332.96

kN

92.22

kN-m

83.00
SAFE

kN-m

0.020106

> 1%
< 8%

1145.32

kN

SAFE

256
480
400

mm
mm
mm

DESIGN OF COLUMN C1 (250 mm x 400 mm)


1.0 Design Criteria
This calculation is for the design of the Column C1 for the proposed two storey residential unit
1.1 Specifications
1.1.1 Design References
National Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical
Structures Fifth Edition 2001
1.1.2 Design Aids
Microsoft Excel
1.2 Design Loads
1.2.1 Dead Loads
Reinforced Concrete Unit Weight
Ceilings
Floor Finishes
Movable Partitions
Super-Imposed Dead Load (Total)
Minimum Design Load for Hollow Concrete Masonry Unit
Two faces plastered

=
=
=
=
=
=

1.2.2 Live Load

1.3 Materials Property


1.3.1 Concrete
Concrete Compressive Strength

f'c

1.3.2 Steel
Rebar Diameter

db1

fy

ES

Reinforcing bar Yield strength


Modulus of Elasticity
1.3.3 Concrete Cover
1.2.2 Design Data
Span CE

LCE

Span EH

LEH

Span 13

L13

Span 36

L36

Base C2 Interior Column

bC1

Depth C2 Interior Column

dC1

Base B1

bB1

Effective Depth B1

dB1

Base B2

bB2

Effective Depth B2

dB2

Height from Ground Floor to 2nd Floor

HG-2

Height from 2nd Floor to Roof

H2-3

Thickness S1

tS1

2.0 Load Computation on Column C1


2.1 Roof: Trib. Area = [(LCE + LEH) / 2] * [(L13 + L36) / 2]

2.1.2 Beams
Along Transverse Direction
B2
= Unit Wt. Of Conc. * bB2 * dB2 * (LCE + LEH)
/ 2 * 1.4
Along Longitudinal Direction
B1
= Unit Wt. Of Conc. * bB1 * dB1 * (L13 + L36)

/ 2 * 1.4
2.1.6 Column
Column C1

= Unit Wt. Of Conc. * bC1 * dC1 * H2-R * 1.4

2.1.7 Total Loads at Roof

=
PU1

2.2 2nd: Trib. Area = [(LCD + LBC) / 2] * [(L34 + L46) / 2]


2.1.1 Slabs
S1

=
=

= Unit Wt. Of Conc. * tS1 * Trib. Area * 1.4

2.1.2 Beams
Along Transverse Direction
B1
= Unit Wt. Of Conc. * bB1 * dB1 * (LBD + LDE)

/ 2 * 1.4
Along Longitudinal Direction
B1
= Unit Wt. Of Conc. * bB2 * dB2 * (L34 + L46)
/ 2 * 1.4

2.1.4 Super-Imposed Dead Load


SDL
= SDL * Tributary Area * 1.4

2.1.5 Live Load


LL

= LL * Tributary Area * 1.7

2.1.6 Column
Column C1

= Unit Wt. Of Conc. * bC1 * dC1 * HG-2 * 1.4

2.1.7 Total Loads at 4th Floor

2.3 Total Loads for Column C1

PU1

PU

3.0 Analysis

3.1 Footing to Second Floor


Design Constants
Total Loads for Column C1

PU

Design Moment

MD

f C'

fy

Conc. Comp. Strength


Rebar Yield Strength

AG

=
=
=

n1

Base

bC1

Depth

hC1

Effective Depth

dC1

Reduction Factor
AG

= bC3 * dC3

No. Of Steel Bars

16 mm dia.

3.1.1 Computation of AS
AS = AS' = n * * db2 / 4

3.1.2 Computation of C
From Strain Diagram

C
ES'
C - 75

0.003
C

ES' = .003 * [(C-75) - C]


f S' = ES * E S'
=

600

* [(C-75) - C]

ASfy = .85 * fC' * [0.85 * c * b - AS'] + AS' * fS'


3.1442426746 C2
+
307.15 C
=
45000
C
=
80.3757001
C
=
-178.06218
3.1.3 Computation of C1
a = C
C1 = .85 * fC' * a * b

=
=

3.1.4 Computation of C2
f S' =

600
* [(C-75) - C]
C2 = AS' [fS' - (.85 * fC')]

3.1.5 Computation of T
T = C1 + C2
T = AS * f Y
3.1.6 Computation of Moment Capacity
MINT = [C1 * (d - a / 2)] * [C2 * (d - d')]

=
=

3.1.7 Consider Axial Load


G = AS / AG

PU = 0.80 * * AG [.85 * f'c * (1 - G) +


(Gfy)]

3.1.8 Design the Lateral Ties


Using 10 mm dia. Lateral Ties, Spacing "S"
S = 16 * Longitudinal Bar Diameter
S = 48 * Lateral Tie Bar Diameter
S = Least Column Size

PU

S
S
S

=
=
=

rey residential unit

r, and Other Vertical

24
0.25
0.50
1.00
1.75
3.45

kN/m3
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa

2.00

Kpa

20.7

Mpa

20

mm

275

Mpa

200,000

Mpa

75

mm

5.17

4.55

5.12

8.72

0.25

0.40

0.25

0.40

Grade 40

0.20

0.40

5.83

3.20

0.125

33.63

m2

13.06

kN

23.25

kN

10.75

kN

47.07

kN

33.63

m2

141.25

kN

13.06

kN

23.25

kN

82.40

kN

114.35

kN

19.59

kN

427.53

kN

474.60

kN

474.60

kN

0.19

kN-m

20.7

Mpa

275

Mpa

Grade 40

0.70
0.85
100000

mm2

12
250

mm

400

mm

325

1206.37

mm2

80.38

mm

68.32
300.52

mm
kN

40.13

Mpa

27.18

kN

327.70

kN

331.75

kN

94.20
SAFE

kN-m

0.024127

1333.11

> 1%
< 8%
kN

SAFE

256
480
250

mm
mm
mm

Design of Isolated Square Footing 1


1.0 Design Criteria
This calculation is for the design of the Isolated Square Footing F-1 for the proposed two storey
residential unit
1.1 Specifications
1.1.1 Design References
National Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical
Structures Fifth Edition 2001
1.1.2 Design Aids
Microsoft Excel
1.2 Design Loads
1.2.1 Dead Loads
Reinforced Concrete Unit Weight
Ceilings (Acoustical Fiber Board)
Floor Finishes (Cement Finish on Stone Concrete Fill)
Electrical Fixtures
Super-Imposed Dead Load (Total)

=
=
=
=
=

1.2.2 Live Loads


Second Floor

1.3 Materials Property


1.3.1 Concrete
Concrete Compressive Strength

f'c

1.3.2 Steel
Rebar Diameter (Main & Temperature)

db

fy

Reinforcing bar Yield strength


1.3.3 Concrete Cover

2.0 Load Computations


2.1 Column C2: 0.40 x 0.40 (Column A)
Dead Load Computations

PDLA

Live Load Computations

PLLA

Total Load on Column A

PTA

2.2 Weight of Footing


Assumed Weight of Footing = 10% of P T

3.0 Analysis
Design Constants
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

f'c
fy

Soil Bearing Capacity

=
=
=
=

20.7
275
0.90
0.85

Mpa
Mpa
(for flexure)

SBC

144

kN/m2

3.1 Compute Area Required


AREQ'D
= (PT1 + PT2) * 1.12 / SBC

AREQ'D

PUA

qU

qU

3.2 Compute the Footing Dimensions


Assume B = 2 / 3 * L
L = AREQ'D
B = AREQ'D
3.3 Compute Ultimate Soil Pressure in kN/m
PU = (PDL * 1.4) + (PLL * 1.7)
qU = PU / (B * L)
qU = qU * B
3.4 Check d = 496 mm for Beam Shear
Design Constants
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

3.4.1 Transverse Direction

f'c
fy

=
=
=
=

20.7
275
0.85
200.00

Mpa
Mpa
(for shear)
mm

VU = qU * B * (L - a - 2d) / 2
Actual VC = Vu / ( * B * d)
Allow VC = .17 * f'c

VU

Actual VU

Allow VC

3.4.2 Longitudinal Direction

VU = qU * L * (B - a - 2d) / 2
Actual VC = Vu / ( * L * d)
Allow VC = .17 * f'c

VU

Actual VU

Allow VC

MU

3.5 Check d = 496 mm for Moment


3.5.1 Transverse

MU = qU * L * [(B - a) / 2] * [(B - a) / 2]
Design of Steel Reinforcement
Design Constants
Ultimate Moment
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength

MU
f'c
fy

=
=
=

61.82
20.7
275

kN-m
Mpa
Mpa

Reduction factor

=
=

0.90
0.85

(for flexure)

Width
Effective depth

b
d

=
=

1600
200.0

mm
mm

Computation of w

MIN = 1.4 / fy

MIN

REQ = w * f'c / fy

REQ

MAX = *[0.85 * 1 * f'c / fy] [600 / (600+fy)]

MAX

AREQ

As = * d2 / 4

As

n = AREQ / As

MU = bd2f'cw(1-0.59w)
w - 0.59w2 = 0.051850742
w = 1.641373124
w = 0.05354213
Computation of REQ

Computation No. of Steel Bars


AREQ = * b * d

Use
S = [L - (2 * Concrete Cover)] / (n - 1)

MU

3.5.2 Longitudinal

MU = qU * B * [(L - a) / 2] * [(L - a) / 2]
Design of Steel Reinforcement
Design Constants
Ultimate Moment
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

Width
Effective depth

MU

=
=
=
=
=

61.82
20.7
275
0.90
0.85

kN-m
Mpa
Mpa
(for flexure)

b
d

=
=

1600
200.0

mm
mm

f'c
fy

Computation of w

MIN = 1.4 / fy

MIN

REQ = w * f'c / fy

REQ

MAX = *[0.85 * 1 * f'c / fy] [600 / (600+fy)]

MAX

AREQ

As = * d2 / 4

As

n = AREQ / As

MU = bd2f'cw(1-0.59w)
w - 0.59w2 = 0.051850742
w = 1.641373124
w = 0.05354213
Computation of REQ

Computation No. of Steel Bars


AREQ = * b * d

Use
S = [B - (2 * Concrete Cover)] / (n - 1)
3.5.3 Minimum Thickness, t
d + (1.5 * dB) + C

Prepared By:

Engr. Jose J. Oriola, Jr.


Civil Engineer - Lic. No.

Min, t

Isolated Square Footing F-1 for the proposed two storey

hilippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical

24.00
0.05
1.53
0.40
2.00

kN/m3
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa

2.00

Kpa

20.7

Mpa

16

mm

275

Mpa

75

mm

257.32

kN

63.53

kN

320.85

kN

Grade 40

Grade 40
(for flexure)

2.45

m2

1.60

1.60

468.24

kN

182.91

kN/m2

0.0183

kN/m

(Gr. 60)
(for shear)

131.6933

kN

0.4842

Mpa

0.7735
SAFE

Mpa

10

131.6932763 kN
0.484166457 Mpa
0.7735
SAFE

Mpa

61.82267691 kN-m

Grade 40

11

(for flexure)

12

0.05354213

0.0051

USE

0.0040

SAFE

0.0280

2117.82

mm2

201.06

mm2

11
11 nos.
0.15

of 16 mm
m O.C.

61.82267691 kN-m

Grade 40
(for flexure)

13

dia.

0.05354213

0.0051

USE

0.0040

SAFE

0.0280

2117.82

mm2

201.06

mm2

11
11 nos.
0.15

299.00

of 16 mm
m O.C.

mm

14

dia.

DESIGN OF COLUMN C2 (200 mm x 400 mm)


1.0 Design Criteria
This calculation is for the design of the Column C2 for the proposed two storey residential unit
1.1 Specifications
1.1.1 Design References
National Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical
Structures Fifth Edition 2001
1.1.2 Design Aids
Microsoft Excel
1.2 Design Loads
1.2.1 Dead Loads
Reinforced Concrete Unit Weight
Ceilings
Floor Finishes
Movable Partitions
Super-Imposed Dead Load (Total)
Minimum Design Load for Hollow Concrete Masonry Unit
Two faces plastered

=
=
=
=
=
=

1.2.2 Live Load

1.3 Materials Property


1.3.1 Concrete
Concrete Compressive Strength

f'c

1.3.2 Steel
Rebar Diameter

db1

fy

ES

Reinforcing bar Yield strength


Modulus of Elasticity
1.3.3 Concrete Cover
1.2.2 Design Data
Span AB

LAB

Span BC'

LBC'

Span 46

L46

Span 69

L69

Base C2 Exterior Column

bC2

Depth C2 Exterior Column

dC2

Base B1

bB1

Effective Depth B1

dB1

Base B2

bB2

Effective Depth B2

dB2

Height from Ground Floor to 2nd Floor

HG-2

Height from 2nd Floor to Roof

H2-3

Thickness S1

tS1

2.0 Load Computation on Column C1


2.1 Roof: Trib. Area = [(LAB / 2) * (L46 / 2)] +
{(LBC' / 2) * [(L46 + L69)/ 2]}

2.1.2 Beams
Along Transverse Direction
B1
= Unit Wt. Of Conc. * bB1 * dB1 * (LAB + LBC')

/ 2 * 1.4
Along Longitudinal Direction
B1
= Unit Wt. Of Conc. * bB2 * dB2 * L69
/ 2 * 1.4
2.1.6 Column
Column C1

= Unit Wt. Of Conc. * bC1 * dC1 * H2-R * 1.4

2.1.7 Total Loads at Roof

=
PU1

2.2 2nd: Trib. Area = [(LAB / 2) * (L46 / 2)] +


{(LBC' / 2) * [(L46 + L69)/ 2]}
2.1.1 Slabs
S1

=
=

= Unit Wt. Of Conc. * tS1 * Trib. Area * 1.4

2.1.2 Beams
Along Transverse Direction
B1
= Unit Wt. Of Conc. * bB1 * dB1 * (LBD + LDE)

/ 2 * 1.4
Along Longitudinal Direction
B1
= Unit Wt. Of Conc. * bB2 * dB2 * L13
/ 2 * 1.4

2.1.4 Super-Imposed Dead Load


SDL
= SDL * Tributary Area * 1.4

2.1.5 Live Load


LL

= LL * Tributary Area * 1.7

2.1.6 Column
Column C1

= Unit Wt. Of Conc. * bC1 * dC1 * HG-2 * 1.4

2.1.7 Total Loads at 4th Floor

2.3 Total Loads for Column C1


3.0 Analysis

PU1

PU

3.1 Footing to Second Floor


Design Constants
Total Loads for Column C1

PU

Design Moment

MD

f C'

fy

AG

=
=
=
=

n1

Conc. Comp. Strength


Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction Factor
AG

= bC3 * dC3

No. Of Steel Bars

16 mm dia.

Base

bC1

Depth

hC1

Effective Depth

dC1

3.1.1 Computation of AS
AS = AS' = n * * db2 / 4

3.1.2 Computation of C
From Strain Diagram

C
ES'
C - 75

0.003
C

ES' = .003 * [(C-75) - C]


f S' = ES * E S'
=

600

* [(C-75) - C]

ASfy = .85 * fC' * [0.85 * c * b - AS'] + AS' * fS'


3.7730912095 C2
+
307.15 C
=
45000
C
=
75.844587
C
=
-157.24999
3.1.3 Computation of C1
a = C
C1 = .85 * fC' * a * b

=
=

3.1.4 Computation of C2
f S' =

600
* [(C-75) - C]
C2 = AS' [fS' - (.85 * fC')]

3.1.5 Computation of T
T = C1 + C2
T = AS * f Y

=
=

3.1.6 Computation of Moment Capacity


MINT = [C1 * (d - a / 2)] * [C2 * (d - d')]

3.1.7 Consider Axial Load


G = AS / AG

PU = 0.80 * * AG [.85 * f'c * (1 - G) +


(Gfy)]

3.1.8 Design the Lateral Ties


Using 10 mm dia. Lateral Ties, Spacing "S"
S = 16 * Longitudinal Bar Diameter
S = 48 * Lateral Tie Bar Diameter
S = Least Column Size

Prepared By:

Engr. Jose J. Oriola, Jr.


Civil Engineer - Lic. No.

PU

S
S
S

=
=
=

rey residential unit

r, and Other Vertical

24
0.25
0.50
1.00
1.75
3.45

kN/m3
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa

2.00

Kpa

20.7

Mpa

20

mm

275

Mpa

200,000

Mpa

75

mm

2.45

3.90

6.64

5.82

0.20

0.40

0.25

0.40

Grade 40

0.20

0.40

5.83

3.20

0.125

16.22

m2

10.67

kN

7.82

kN

8.60

kN

27.09

kN

16.22

m2

68.11

kN

10.67

kN

7.82

kN

39.73

kN

55.13

kN

15.67

kN

213.34

kN

240.43

kN

240.43

kN

32.86

kN-m

20.7

Mpa

275
0.70
0.85
80000

Mpa

mm2

Grade 40

200

mm

400

mm

325

804.25

mm2

75.84

mm

64.47
226.86

mm
kN

6.68

Mpa

-8.78

kN

218.09

kN

221.17

kN

64.22
SAFE

kN-m

0.020106

> 1%
< 8%

1020.12

kN

SAFE

256
480
200

mm
mm
mm

Design of Isolated Square Footing 1


1.0 Design Criteria
This calculation is for the design of the Isolated Square Footing F-1 for the proposed two storey
residential unit
1.1 Specifications
1.1.1 Design References
National Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical
Structures Fifth Edition 2001
1.1.2 Design Aids
Microsoft Excel
1.2 Design Loads
1.2.1 Dead Loads
Reinforced Concrete Unit Weight
Ceilings (Acoustical Fiber Board)
Floor Finishes (Cement Finish on Stone Concrete Fill)
Electrical Fixtures
Super-Imposed Dead Load (Total)

=
=
=
=
=

1.2.2 Live Loads


Second Floor

1.3 Materials Property


1.3.1 Concrete
Concrete Compressive Strength

f'c

1.3.2 Steel
Rebar Diameter (Main & Temperature)

db

fy

Reinforcing bar Yield strength


1.3.3 Concrete Cover

2.0 Load Computations


2.1 Column C2: 0.40 x 0.40 (Column A)
Dead Load Computations

PDLA

Live Load Computations

PLLA

Total Load on Column A

PTA

2.2 Weight of Footing


Assumed Weight of Footing = 10% of P T

3.0 Analysis
Design Constants
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

f'c
fy

Soil Bearing Capacity

=
=
=
=

20.7
275
0.90
0.85

Mpa
Mpa
(for flexure)

SBC

144

kN/m2

3.1 Compute Area Required


AREQ'D
= (PT1 + PT2) * 1.12 / SBC

AREQ'D

PUA

qU

qU

3.2 Compute the Footing Dimensions


Assume B = 2 / 3 * L
L = AREQ'D
B = AREQ'D
3.3 Compute Ultimate Soil Pressure in kN/m
PU = (PDL * 1.4) + (PLL * 1.7)
qU = PU / (B * L)
qU = qU * B
3.4 Check d = 496 mm for Beam Shear
Design Constants
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

3.4.1 Transverse Direction

f'c
fy

=
=
=
=

20.7
275
0.85
200.00

Mpa
Mpa
(for shear)
mm

VU = qU * B * (L - a - 2d) / 2
Actual VC = Vu / ( * B * d)
Allow VC = .17 * f'c

VU

Actual VU

Allow VC

3.4.2 Longitudinal Direction

VU = qU * L * (B - a - 2d) / 2
Actual VC = Vu / ( * L * d)
Allow VC = .17 * f'c

VU

Actual VU

Allow VC

MU

3.5 Check d = 496 mm for Moment


3.5.1 Transverse

MU = qU * L * [(B - a) / 2] * [(B - a) / 2]
Design of Steel Reinforcement
Design Constants
Ultimate Moment
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength

MU
f'c
fy

=
=
=

20.29
20.7
275

kN-m
Mpa
Mpa

Reduction factor

=
=

0.90
0.85

(for flexure)

Width
Effective depth

b
d

=
=

1200
200.0

mm
mm

Computation of w

MIN = 1.4 / fy

MIN

REQ = w * f'c / fy

REQ

MAX = *[0.85 * 1 * f'c / fy] [600 / (600+fy)]

MAX

AREQ

As = * d2 / 4

As

n = AREQ / As

MU = bd2f'cw(1-0.59w)
w - 0.59w2 = 0.022685884
w = 1.671917316
w = 0.022997938
Computation of REQ

Computation No. of Steel Bars


AREQ = * b * d

Use
S = [L - (2 * Concrete Cover)] / (n - 1)

MU

3.5.2 Longitudinal

MU = qU * B * [(L - a) / 2] * [(L - a) / 2]
Design of Steel Reinforcement
Design Constants
Ultimate Moment
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

Width
Effective depth

MU

=
=
=
=
=

20.29
20.7
275
0.90
0.85

kN-m
Mpa
Mpa
(for flexure)

b
d

=
=

1200
200.0

mm
mm

f'c
fy

Computation of w

MIN = 1.4 / fy

MIN

REQ = w * f'c / fy

REQ

MAX = *[0.85 * 1 * f'c / fy] [600 / (600+fy)]

MAX

AREQ

As = * d2 / 4

As

n = AREQ / As

MU = bd2f'cw(1-0.59w)
w - 0.59w2 = 0.022685884
w = 1.671917316
w = 0.022997938
Computation of REQ

Computation No. of Steel Bars


AREQ = * b * d

Use
S = [B - (2 * Concrete Cover)] / (n - 1)
3.5.3 Minimum Thickness, t
d + (1.5 * dB) + C

Prepared By:

Engr. Jose J. Oriola, Jr.


Civil Engineer - Lic. No.

Min, t

Isolated Square Footing F-1 for the proposed two storey

hilippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical

24.00
0.05
1.53
0.40
2.00

kN/m3
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa

2.00

Kpa

20.7

Mpa

16

mm

275

Mpa

75

mm

132.36

kN

32.43

kN

164.79

kN

Grade 40

Grade 40
(for flexure)

1.26

m2

1.20

1.20

240.43

kN

166.97

kN/m2

0.0167

kN/m

Grade 40
(for shear)

50.0904

kN

0.2455

Mpa

0.7735
SAFE

Mpa

10

50.09043229 kN
0.245541335 Mpa
0.7735
SAFE

Mpa

20.28662508 kN-m

Grade 40

11

(for flexure)

12

0.022997938

0.0051

USE

0.0017

SAFE

0.0280

1710.55

mm2

201.06

mm2

9
9 nos.
0.13

of 16 mm
m O.C.

20.28662508 kN-m

(Gr. 60)
(for flexure)

13

dia.

0.022997938

0.0051

USE

0.0017

SAFE

0.0280

1710.55

mm2

201.06

mm2

9
9 nos.
0.13

299.00

of 16 mm
m O.C.

mm

14

dia.

Design of Isolated Beam SB-3


1.0 Design Criteria
This calculation is for the design of the beam SB-3 of the proposed 2-storey Residence

1.1 Specifications
1.1.1 Design References
National Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical
Structures Fifth Edition 2001
1.1.2 Design Aids
Microsoft Excel
1.2 Design Loads
1.2.1 Dead Loads
Reinforced Concrete Unit Weight
Ceilings (Acoustical Fiber Board)
Floor Finishes (Cement Finish on Stone Concrete Fill)
Electrical Fixtures
Movable Partitions
Super-Imposed Dead Load (Total)

=
=
=
=
=
=

1.2.2 Live Loads


Second Floor

1.3 Materials Property


1.3.1 Steel I-Beam
Minimum Yield Stress of I-Beam

Fy

PB-2
a
b

=
=
=

WL

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

2.0 Load Computations


2.2 Span AB
2.1.1 Load P due to B-2
Distance of P from A
Distance of P from B

2.1.2 Due to Triangular Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load
= tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
Dead Load

= DL * 1.4

wDL

Live Load

= LL * 1.7
= wL + wDL + wLL

wLL

WL

Total Load
Load W L
2.1.1

= W*S/3

Due to Trapezoidal Loading

tL

Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load
= tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4

S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

Dead Load

= DL * 1.4

wDL

Live Load

= LL * 1.7
= wL + wDL + wLL

wLL

Wb

LS
b
h
d

=
=
=
=

WT

R1

VMAX

MU

Total Load
Load W L

= W * S / 3 * {[3 - (S / L)2] / 2}

2.1.3 Weight of beam


Span Length
Base of Beam
Height of Beam
Depth of Beam less slab
Wt. Beam
=
Unit Wt. Of Conc. * b * d * 1.4
2.1.4 Total Weight Carried by Span AB
W T = of Loads

3.0 Analysis
81.73562 kN
2.87 m

3.77 m

35.5796 kN/m
6.64

R1 =

153.45

kN

3.1 Maximum Shear Computation


Simple Beam - Uniformly Distributed Load
VMAX = (W T * LS / 2) + (P * b / L)
3.2 Maximum Moment Computation
Simple Beam - Uniformly Distributed Load
MU = (W T * LS2 / 8) + (P * a * b / L)
3.2 Design of Beam
Design Constants
Ultimate Moment

MU

Allowable Stress

Fb

329.274753425 kN-m
273.24

Mpa

3.2.1 Computation of SXREQ'D


SXREQ'D = M / Fb

SXREQ'D

3.2.2 Try Steel Member


SXSUPP = SX of W16 x 50
Fbactual = M / SXSUPP

=
Fbactual

eam SB-3 of the proposed 2-storey Residence

ppines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical

24
0.05
1.53
0.40
2.00

kN/m3
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa

2.0

Kpa

248.4

Mpa

81.7356187995 kN/m
2.87
m
3.77
m

13.07

kN/m

0.125
3.77
5.27
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

2.80

kN/m2

3.40

kN/m2

10.40

kN/m2

19.23

kN/m

0.125
4.30
6.640
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

2.80

kN/m2

3.40

kN/m2

10.40

kN/m2

3.276

kN/m

6.64
0.300
0.450
0.325

m
m
m
m

35.580

kN/m

164.5314079027

kN

164.5314079027 kN
153.4527848727

329.2747534255 kN-m

1,205,075.22 mm3

1,328,400.00 mm3
247.8732

Mpa

SECTION IS SAFE

Design of Isolated Beam B-3 (200 mm x 400 mm)


1.0 Design Criteria
This calculation is for the design of the beam B-3 of the proposed 2-storey Residence

1.1 Specifications
1.1.1 Design References
National Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical
Structures Fifth Edition 2001
1.1.2 Design Aids
Microsoft Excel
1.2 Design Loads
1.2.1 Dead Loads
Reinforced Concrete Unit Weight
Ceilings
Floor Finishes
Movable Partitions
Super-Imposed Dead Load (Total)

=
=
=
=
=

1.2.2 Live Loads


Second Floor

1.3 Materials Property


1.3.1 Steel I-Beam
Minimum Yield Stress of I-Beam

Fy

PB-2
a
b

=
=
=

WL

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

2.0 Load Computations


2.2 Span AB
2.1.1 Load P due to B-2
Distance of P from A
Distance of P from B

2.1.1

Due to Trapezoidal Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load
= tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
Dead Load

= DL * 1.4

wDL

Live Load

= LL * 1.7
= wL + wDL + wLL

wLL

WL

Total Load
Load W L
2.1.1

= W * S / 3 * {[3 - (S / L) ] / 2}
2

Due to Trapezoidal Loading

tL

Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load
= tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4

S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

Dead Load

= DL * 1.4

wDL

Live Load

= LL * 1.7
= wL + wDL + wLL

wLL

WT

R1

VMAX

MU

Total Load
Load W L

= W * S / 3 * {[3 - (S / L)2] / 2}

2.1.4 Total Weight Carried by Span AB


W T = of Loads

3.0 Analysis
28.40475 kN
2.07 m

3.20 m

26.785 kN/m
5.27

R1 =

81.736

kN

3.1 Maximum Shear Computation


Simple Beam - Uniformly Distributed Load
VMAX = (W T * LS / 2) + (P * b / L)
3.2 Maximum Moment Computation
Simple Beam - Uniformly Distributed Load
MU = (W T * LS2 / 8) + (P * a * b / L)
3.2 Design of Beam
Design Constants
Ultimate Moment

MU

Allowable Stress

Fb

128.689885882 kN-m
163.944

Mpa

3.2.1 Computation of SXREQ'D


SXREQ'D = M / Fb

SXREQ'D

3.2.2 Try Steel Member


2

SXSUPP = SX of W12 x 40
Fbactual = M / SXSUPP

=
Fbactual

beam B-3 of the proposed 2-storey Residence

hilippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical

24
0.25
0.50
1.00
1.75

kN/m3
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa

2.0

Kpa

248.4

Mpa

28.404746684 kN/m
2.07
m
3.20
m

16.24

kN/m

0.125
4.00
5.270
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

2.45

kN/m2

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m2

10.54

kN/m

0.125
2.86
3.200
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

2.45

kN/m2

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m2

26.785

kN/m

87.826200157 kN

87.826200157 kN
81.7356188

128.68988588 kN-m

784,962.46 mm3

851,160.00 mm3
151.1935

Mpa

SECTION IS SAFE

Design of Isolated Beam B-3 (150 mm x 300 mm)


1.0 Design Criteria
This calculation is for the design of the beam B-3 of the proposed 2-storey Residential

1.1 Specifications
1.1.1 Design References
National Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical
Structures Fifth Edition 2001
1.1.2 Design Aids
Microsoft Excel
1.2 Design Loads
1.2.1 Dead Loads
Reinforced Concrete Unit Weight
Ceilings
Floor Finishes
Movable Partitions
Super-Imposed Dead Load (Total)

=
=
=
=
=

1.2.2 Live Loads


Second Floor

1.3 Materials Property


1.3.1 Steel I-Beam
Minimum Yield Stress of I-Beam

Fy

WL

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

= DL * 1.4

wDL

= LL * 1.7
= wL + wDL + wLL

wLL

2.0 Load Computations


2.2 Span AB

2.1.2 Due to Triangular Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load
= tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
Dead Load
Live Load
Total Load
Load W L

= W*S/3

2.1.1

Due to Trapezoidal Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load
= tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4

WL

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

Dead Load

= DL * 1.4

wDL

Live Load

= LL * 1.7
= wL + wDL + wLL

wLL

Wb

LS
b
h
d

=
=
=
=

WT

R1

VMAX

MU

Total Load
Load W L

= W * S / 3 * {[3 - (S / L) ] / 2}
2

2.1.3 Weight of beam


Span Length
Base of Beam
Height of Beam
Depth of Beam less slab
Wt. Beam
=
Unit Wt. Of Conc. * b * d * 1.4
2.1.4 Total Weight Carried by Span AB
W T = of Loads

3.0 Analysis
19.9332 kN/m
2.85

R1 =

28.405

kN

3.1 Maximum Shear Computation


Simple Beam - Uniformly Distributed Load
VMAX = W T * LS / 2
3.2 Maximum Moment Computation
Simple Beam - Uniformly Distributed Load
MU = W T * LS2 / 8
3.2 Design of Beam
Design Constants
Ultimate Moment

MU

Allowable Stress

Fb

20.2383820125 kN-m
163.944

Mpa

3.2.1 Computation of SXREQ'D


SXREQ'D = M / Fb

SXREQ'D
2

3.2.2 Try Steel Member


SXSUPP = SX of W8 x 13
Fbactual = M / SXSUPP

=
Fbactual

beam B-3 of the proposed 2-storey Residential

ilippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical

24
0.25
0.50
1.00
1.75

kN/m3
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa

2.0

Kpa

248.4

Mpa

10.48

kN/m

0.125
2.85
3.20
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

3.43

kN/m2

3.40

kN/m2

11.03

kN/m2

8.57

kN/m

0.125
2.07
2.850
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

2.45

kN/m2

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m2

0.882

kN/m

2.85
0.150
0.300
0.175

m
m
m
m

19.933

kN/m

28.4047466842 kN

28.4047466842 kN

20.2383820125 kN-m

123,446.92 mm3
5

249,280.00 mm3
81.1873

Mpa

SECTION IS SAFE