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ModuleIII

StabilityanalysisusingDips

3StabilityAnalysisusingDips
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Toolbox
Planarsliding
Wedgesliding
Flexuraltoppling
Direct(Block)Blocktoppling
Tutorial

SelectKinematicAnalysisfromthetoolbarorfrom
theAnalysismenu

Solutions
1.

Determinedastheproportionofweighted
poles(orintersections)withinacriticalzone
ProbabilityofFailure,PoF (Proportionof
SafetyFactorsthan1.0 i.e.failures)

2.

Not givenasaSafetyFactor

Read&Stacey2010GuidelinesforOpenPitSlope
Design

Risk

Probability
ofhazard
occurring

Probability
ofimpactby
thehazard

Vulnerabilty to
(consequence
from)theimpact

R(D) = P(H) x P(S:T:H) x V

P(H) PoF

P(H) isanannualprobabilityofafailureevent(events/annum).
ThereisnoconsiderationoftimeinthePoF concept
P(H) /PoFrelationshipisdifferentforeverysite.

because..

3StabilityAnalysisusingDips
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Toolbox
Planarsliding
Wedgesliding
Flexuraltoppling
Direct(Block)Blocktoppling
Tutorial

PlanarSliding
1. Thedipdirectionofthe
singleslidingsurfaceis
similar(20o to30o)to
thatoftheslopeand
2. Theslidingsurfaceisless
steepthantheslopeand
3. Theslidingsurfaceis
steeperthanitsfriction
angle

Batterscanbestableiftheyarecutatthe
sameangleastheaveragedipangleofthe
structures

Considerthissite

Property

Value

Batter dipdirection

090 (East)

Batterdipangle

70

Frictionangle

35

Discontinuityorientationslogged

3200

o
o

Examinemean
and2nd or5th
%tilefriction
angles

PlanarSliding(WithLimits)
LateralLimits
(20)

Slidingdaylightinglimit
Polefriction
cone(35)

Sets1&3
greatcircles
Batter(090/70)

PoF

3StabilityAnalysisusingDips
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Toolbox
Planarsliding
Wedgesliding
Flexuraltoppling
Direct(Block)Blocktoppling
Tutorial

WedgeSliding
1. Twoslidingsurfaces(Swedge can
includeabasalplane).
2. Thelineofintersectionbetween
theslidingsurfacesdaylightsout
oftheslopeand
3. Thelineofintersectionplunges
lesssteepthanthedipangleof
theslopeand
4. Thelineofintersectionissteeper
thanthefrictionangleofthe
slidingsurfaces

Batters
Batterscanbe
stableiftheyare
cutatthesame
angleasthe
averageplunge
ofthe
intersectionlines

WedgeSliding
Intersections
betweenplanes

Planefriction
cone(35)

Slidingdaylightinglimit

Batter(090/70)

PoF

3StabilityAnalysisusingDips
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Toolbox
Planarsliding
Wedgesliding
Flexuraltoppling
Direct(Block)Blocktoppling
Tutorial

FlexuralToppling
1. Asetofdiscontinuitiesdips
at>50o intotheslope
2. Thedipdirectionsofthe
discontinuitiesareopposite
(+180o)tothatoftheslope
20oto30o
3. Thefrictionangleofthe
discontinuitiesislessthan
thedipangleoftheslope.
4. Thetensilestressinarock
columnexceedsthetensile
strengthoftherock.

FlexuralToppling
Topplinglimit(friction)
LateralLimits(20)

Batter(090/70)

PoF

3StabilityAnalysisusingDips
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Toolbox
Planarsliding
Wedgesliding
Flexuraltoppling
Direct(Block)Blocktoppling
Tutorial

Direct(Block)Toppling
1.

2.
3.
4.

5.

Onesetofdiscontinuitiesdips
steeply(>50o)intotheslopeortwosetsthat
intersectalongalinethatplunges
steeplyintotheslope.
Alesssteepsetofdiscontinuities
actsasabasalplane.
Blockscanfacetheslopeorbeoblique
toit(20o to30o).
Blockscanslideonthebasalplaneortopple
dependingonthedipanglesof
thediscontinuitiesrelativetotheirfriction
anglesandthedipangleoftheslope.
Thedimensionsoftheblocksarenot
considered(ref.RocTopple).

Direct(Block)Toppling
Intersectionsbetweenplanes
Directtoppling
zone

Slidingdaylightinglimit
LateralLimits(20)

Oblique
topplingzone
Polefriction
cone(35)

Batter(090/70)

PoF

Summary
Mechanism
Planarsliding
Wedgesliding
Toppling

PoF (%)

Flexural
Direct
Baseplane

18
34
7
6
24

Acceptable?
(IsPoF <25%)
yes
no
yes
yes
marginal

Oblique

yes

Summary
Mechanism
Planarsliding
Wedgesliding
Toppling

PoF (%)

Flexural
Direct
Baseplane

18
34
7
6
24

Oblique

Acceptable?
(IsPoF <25%)
yes
no
yes
yes
=32 no

Summary
Mechanism
Planarsliding
Wedgesliding
Toppling

Notyet
consideredby
RocTopple

PoF (%)

Swedge
Flexural
Direct
Baseplane

18
34
7
6
24

Oblique

Acceptable?
(IsPoF <25%)
yes
no
yes
yes
=32
no

RocTopple

3StabilityAnalysisusingDips
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Toolbox
Planarsliding
Wedgesliding
Flexuraltoppling
Direct(Block)Blocktoppling
Tutorial

Tutorial

EndModule