You are on page 1of 99

Epicor ERP

Job Management Course


10.0.700.2

Disclaimer
This document is for informational purposes only and is subject to change without notice. This document and its
contents, including the viewpoints, dates and functional content expressed herein are believed to be accurate as of its
date of publication. However, Epicor Software Corporation makes no guarantee, representations or warranties with
regard to the enclosed information and specifically disclaims any applicable implied warranties, such as fitness for a
particular purpose, merchantability, satisfactory quality or reasonable skill and care. As each user of Epicor software is
likely to be unique in their requirements in the use of such software and their business processes, users of this document
are always advised to discuss the content of this document with their Epicor account manager. All information contained
herein is subject to change without notice and changes to this document since printing and other important information
about the software product are made or published in release notes, and you are urged to obtain the current release
notes for the software product. We welcome user comments and reserve the right to revise this publication and/or
make improvements or changes to the products or programs described in this publication at any time, without notice.
The usage of any Epicor software shall be pursuant to an Epicor end user license agreement and the performance of
any consulting services by Epicor personnel shall be pursuant to Epicor's standard services terms and conditions. Usage
of the solution(s) described in this document with other Epicor software or third party products may require the purchase
of licenses for such other products. Where any software is expressed to be compliant with local laws or requirements
in this document, such compliance is not a warranty and is based solely on Epicor's current understanding of such laws
and requirements. All laws and requirements are subject to varying interpretations as well as to change and accordingly
Epicor cannot guarantee that the software will be compliant and up to date with such changes. All statements of
platform and product compatibility in this document shall be considered individually in relation to the products referred
to in the relevant statement, i.e., where any Epicor software is stated to be compatible with one product and also
stated to be compatible with another product, it should not be interpreted that such Epicor software is compatible
with both of the products running at the same time on the same platform or environment. Additionally platform or
product compatibility may require the application of Epicor or third-party updates, patches and/or service packs and
Epicor has no responsibility for compatibility issues which may be caused by updates, patches and/or service packs
released by third parties after the date of publication of this document. Epicor is a registered trademark and/or
trademark of Epicor Software Corporation in the United States, certain other countries and/or the EU. All other
trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners. Copyright Epicor Software Corporation 2014.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without the prior written consent of
Epicor Software Corporation.

ED805905
90521-10-9258-58310702
10.0.700.2
Revision: July 25, 2014 2:24 a.m.
Total pages: 99
course.ditaval

Job Management Course

Contents

Contents
Job Management Course.......................................................................................................8
Before You Begin....................................................................................................................9
Audience.........................................................................................................................................................9
Prerequisites....................................................................................................................................................9
Environment Setup........................................................................................................................................10
Workshop Constraints............................................................................................................................10

Overview...............................................................................................................................12
Application Setup.................................................................................................................15
Company Configuration................................................................................................................................15
Maintenance Programs..................................................................................................................................16
Job Department Maintenance.................................................................................................................16
Shift Maintenance..................................................................................................................................16
Shift Detail......................................................................................................................................17
Shift Break Detail.............................................................................................................................17
Employee Maintenance...........................................................................................................................17
Operation Maintenance..........................................................................................................................18
Operation Standard Maintenance....................................................................................................19
Operation Text Maintenance...................................................................................................................19
Resource Group Maintenance.................................................................................................................19
Detail Sheet.....................................................................................................................................20
Resources Detail Sheet.....................................................................................................................20
Reason Code Maintenance.....................................................................................................................20

Daily Job Management Processing......................................................................................22


Job Entry........................................................................................................................................................22
Job.........................................................................................................................................................23
Demand Summary..................................................................................................................................23
Job Types........................................................................................................................................23
Workshop - Create a Job Manually.........................................................................................................23
Enter a New Sales Order..................................................................................................................23
Create a Job for the Selected Requirement......................................................................................24
Get Details for the New Job.............................................................................................................25
Review and Schedule the Job...........................................................................................................25
Job Processing...............................................................................................................................................26
Job Planning Process - Make To Order............................................................................................................27
Planning Workbench..............................................................................................................................27
Workshop - Review the Change Queue...........................................................................................29
Job Traveler Report.................................................................................................................................29
Workshop - Print the Job Traveler Report.........................................................................................30
Order Job Wizard....................................................................................................................................30
Order Job Wizard, Order Lines.........................................................................................................31

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Contents

Job Management Course

Releases..........................................................................................................................................31
Jobs.................................................................................................................................................31
Workshop - Create a Job Using the Order Job Wizard......................................................................32
Duplicate and Update Sales Order Dates...................................................................................32
Review the Order Job Wizard....................................................................................................33
Create Job Records (Part 1).......................................................................................................33
Create Job Records (Part 2).......................................................................................................34
Job Manager..........................................................................................................................................34
Workshop - Create a Job Using the Job Manager.............................................................................35
Duplicate Two Existing Sales Orders..........................................................................................35
Select a Part Number................................................................................................................36
Create a Job Record.................................................................................................................36
Add a Demand Requirement to the Job....................................................................................36
Get Details for the New Job......................................................................................................36
Engineer, Release, and Schedule the Job..................................................................................37
Job Planning Process - Make To Stock............................................................................................................37
Time Phased Material Requirements Report.............................................................................................38
Workshop - Use the Time Phased Material Requirements Report......................................................39
Workshop - Quick Job Entry............................................................................................................39
Workshop - Create a Make To Stock Job.........................................................................................40
Create a Job.............................................................................................................................40
Enter Job Details.......................................................................................................................40
Schedule and Release the Job...................................................................................................41
Material Requirements Planning..............................................................................................................41
Adjust Operations and Materials....................................................................................................................42
Modify Job Requirements.......................................................................................................................42
Workshop - Modify Job Operations and Materials............................................................................42
Add Material Requirements......................................................................................................42
Add a Subcontract Operation...................................................................................................43
Schedule the Job......................................................................................................................43
Work with a Subcontract Operation........................................................................................................44
Subcontract Status Report...............................................................................................................44
Workshop - Work with a Subcontract Operation..............................................................................44
Create a Subcontract Purchase Order.......................................................................................44
Add PO Line Details..................................................................................................................45
Job Transaction Processing.............................................................................................................................45
Issue Material.........................................................................................................................................45
Workshop - Issue Material to a Job..................................................................................................46
Pick List for Jobs.....................................................................................................................................47
Mass Issues to Manufacturing.................................................................................................................47
Workshop - Mass Issue Job Material................................................................................................48
Report Labor...........................................................................................................................................49
Manufacturing Execution System (MES) Menu.................................................................................49
Workshop - Record Labor Using Data Collection..............................................................................50
Log into the MES......................................................................................................................50

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Contents

Start Setup Activity...................................................................................................................50


Start Production Activity...........................................................................................................51
Record Other Operations..........................................................................................................51
Time and Expense Entry...................................................................................................................51
Workshop - Record Labor Using Time and Expense Entry.................................................................52
Enter Time and Attendance......................................................................................................52
Record Time for Setup..............................................................................................................52
Record Time and Quantity for Production.................................................................................53
Record Time for Setup..............................................................................................................53
Record Time for Different Day..................................................................................................54
Labor Edit Report.............................................................................................................................54
Workshop - Review the Labor Edit Report.................................................................................55
Complete the Subcontract Operation......................................................................................................55
Subcontractor Shipment Entry.........................................................................................................56
Workshop - Complete the Subcontract Operation............................................................................56
Generate a Subcontract Status Report......................................................................................56
Enter the Subcontractor Shipment............................................................................................56
View the Subcontract Status Report..........................................................................................57
Receipt Entry...................................................................................................................................57
Summary..................................................................................................................................57
Job Subcontract.......................................................................................................................58
Workshop - Receive Subcontracted Parts..................................................................................58
Backflush Materials.................................................................................................................................58
Workshop - Verify Backflushing Activity...........................................................................................60
Backflush Labor......................................................................................................................................60
Workshop - Backflush Labor............................................................................................................62
Create a Job.............................................................................................................................62
Define the Backflush Operation................................................................................................63
Schedule and Release the Job...................................................................................................63
Report Labor............................................................................................................................63
Run Backflush Labor Server Process..........................................................................................64
Review and Print Labor Transactions.........................................................................................64
Complete and Close a Job.............................................................................................................................65
Job Completion/Closing Maintenance.....................................................................................................66
Workshop - Complete a Job............................................................................................................66
Auto Job Completion..............................................................................................................................67
Job Complete/Close Code Parameters Maintenance.........................................................................67
Workshop - Define Job Completion Parameters...............................................................................68
Create a Job Complete/Close Code..........................................................................................68
Activate Parameters..................................................................................................................68
Auto Job Completion Process..........................................................................................................69
Workshop - Run the Auto Job Completion Process...................................................................69
Workshop - View the Exception Log.........................................................................................69
Job Completion Exception Tracker...................................................................................................70
Job Closing Exception Tracker..........................................................................................................70

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Contents

Job Management Course

Reports..........................................................................................................................................................70

Specialized Job Management Processing...........................................................................72


Auto Job Firm Process....................................................................................................................................72
Auto Job Release Process...............................................................................................................................73
Production Planner Workbench......................................................................................................................73
Make To Job..................................................................................................................................................74
Workshop - Create a Job Linked to Another Job.....................................................................................74
Duplicate a Sales Order and Create a Parent Job..............................................................................74
Make the Part Direct........................................................................................................................75
Create a Child Job...........................................................................................................................75
Create Make To Stock Demand.......................................................................................................76
Schedule the Job.............................................................................................................................76
Job Receipt to Job..........................................................................................................................................77
Job Receipt to Inventory.................................................................................................................................77
Workshop - Issue Material and Record Labor..................................................................................................78
Issue Materials........................................................................................................................................78
Record Time and Quantity for Operations...............................................................................................78
Workshop - Receive Job.................................................................................................................................79
Receive the Make To Job Demand..........................................................................................................79
Receive the Make To Stock Demand.......................................................................................................79
Job Cost Adjustments....................................................................................................................................80
Co-Parts.........................................................................................................................................................80
Shop Communication Tools...........................................................................................................................81
Alert Group Maintenance.......................................................................................................................81
Workshop - Create an Alert Group..................................................................................................81
Global Alert Maintenance.......................................................................................................................82
Workshop - Set Up Global Alerts............................................................................................................82
Assign Global Alerts to an Alert Group............................................................................................82
Activate Global Alerts......................................................................................................................83
Shop Warning Maintenance...................................................................................................................83
Workshop - Set Up Shop Warnings.........................................................................................................84
Assign Shop Warnings to an Alert Group.........................................................................................84
Activate Shop Warnings..................................................................................................................84
Recipients...............................................................................................................................................85
Person Maintenance...............................................................................................................................85
Workshop - Set Up a Person Record........................................................................................................85
Create a Person Record...................................................................................................................85
Assign the Person to an Alert Group................................................................................................85
Production Team Maintenance...............................................................................................................86
Workshop - Associate the Person with a Production Team...............................................................86
Alerts Activation.....................................................................................................................................86
Workshop - Initiate the Alert for the Job..........................................................................................86
Job Management Trackers.............................................................................................................................87
Workshop - Use the Job Tracker.............................................................................................................88
Workshop - Use the Part Tracker.............................................................................................................88

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Contents

Workshop - Use the Shop Tracker...........................................................................................................89


Review Currently Clocked in and Clocked out Employees.................................................................89
Review Shop Warnings....................................................................................................................89
Lean Manufacturing.......................................................................................................................................90

Conclusion.............................................................................................................................91
Appendix...............................................................................................................................92
Icons..............................................................................................................................................................92
Costing Methods...........................................................................................................................................93
Recommendations, Considerations, and Approaches.....................................................................................93
Approach 1: Resource Group Specific.....................................................................................................94
Approach 2: Resource Specific................................................................................................................94
Approach 3: Multiple Resource Groups or Resources..............................................................................95
Approach 4: Multiple Resource Groups or Resources used with the Advanced Planning and Scheduling
Module.............................................................................................................................................96

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Job Management Course

Job Management Course


This course describes the features and functionality of the Job Management module. Job Management provides
a comprehensive manufacturing control system designed for routing, scheduling, costing, and tracking custom
or repetitive parts produced for inventory or shipped to the customer from the site floor.
Upon successful completion of this course, you will be able to:
Identify configuration and setup requirements for the Job Management module.
Use the job planning process for the Make To Order and Make To Stock environments.
Process jobs through the Epicor application, including engineering, performing initial scheduling, releasing,
and printing the job traveler.
Change specific job requirements.
Issue materials and adjust job costs.
Receive finished goods to stock and complete the job.
Analyze job performance.
Use the planning and processing functionality for lean manufacturing.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Before You Begin

Before You Begin


Read this topic for information you should know in order to successfully complete this course.

Audience
Specific audiences will benefit from this course.
CFO/Controller
COO/Operations Manager
Production Manager
Customer Service Representative
Account Manager
Sales Representative

Prerequisites
To complete the workshops in this course, the necessary modules must be licensed and operating in your training
environment. For more information on the modules available, contact your Epicor Customer Account Manager
at EpicorCAM@epicor.com. It is also important you understand the prerequisite knowledge contained in other
valuable courses.
Navigation Course - This course introduces navigational aspects of the Epicor application's user interface.
Designed for a hands-on environment, general navigation principles and techniques available in two user
interface modes - Classic Menu and Modern Shell Menu. Workshops focus on each of these modes and
guide you through each navigational principle introduced.
System Flow Course - This course introduces a basic quote to cash scenario that includes the process from
the initial customer quote to final cash receipts and payment of supplier invoices. This course emphasizes the
series of processes that make up the quote to cash process by using a simple scenario to highlight various
transactions. Your organization may have more complex processing routines than those described in this
course.
Knowledge Camp Course - This course provides a high level overview of the quote to cash flow through
the Epicor application. You begin with how to create a quote, process it as an order, and fill the order across
production planning and purchasing. The course also covers the manufacturing plan and shipment of parts
to a customer, as well as how to process invoices, enter cash receipts, and generate supplier payments.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Before You Begin

Job Management Course

Environment Setup
The environment setup steps and potential workshop constraints must be reviewed in order to successfully
complete the workshops in this course.
Your Epicor training environment, in which the Epicor demonstration database is found, enables you to experience
Epicor functionality in action but does not affect data in your live, production environment.
The following steps must be taken to successfully complete the workshops in this course.
1.

Verify the following or ask your system administrator to verify for you:
Your Epicor training icon (or web address if you are using Epicor Web Access) points to your
Epicor training environment with the Epicor demonstration database installed. Do not complete
the course workshops in your live, production environment.
Note It is recommended that multiple Epicor demonstration databases are installed. Contact
Support or Systems Consulting for billable assistance.
The Epicor demonstration database is at the same service pack and patch as the Epicor
application. Epicor's education team updates the Epicor demonstration database for each service pack
and patch. If your system administrator upgrades your Epicor application to a new service pack or patch,
he or she must also download the corresponding Epicor demonstration database from EPICweb > Support
> Epicor > Downloads and install it. If this is not performed, unexpected results can occur when completing
the course workshops.
Your system administrator restored (refreshed) the Epicor demonstration database prior to
starting this course. The Epicor demonstration database comes standard with parts, customers, sales
orders, and so on, already defined. If the Epicor demonstration database is shared with multiple users
(that is, the database is located on a server and users access the same data, much like your live, production
environment) and is not periodically refreshed, unexpected results can occur. For example, if a course
workshop requires you to ship a sales order that came standard in the Epicor demonstration database,
but a different user already completed this workshop and the Epicor demonstration database was not
restored (refreshed), then you will not be able to ship the sales order. Epicor's education team has written
the course workshops to minimize situations like this from occurring, but Epicor cannot prevent users
from manipulating the data in your installation of the Epicor demonstration database.

2.

Log in to the training environment using the credentials manager/manager. If you are logged into your
training environment as a different user, from the Options menu, select Change User.

3.

From the Main menu, select the company Epicor Education (EPIC06).

4.

From the Main menu, select the Main Site.

Workshop Constraints
Below is a list of workshops in this course that can be performed only once in each instance of a restored (refreshed)
database. Where applicable, a detailed explanation of the workshop constraints is documented in the workshop
itself.
Workshop - Define Job Completion Parameters
Workshop - Generate Production Activity

10

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Before You Begin

In a shared environment, this workshop can only be performed by one person at a time. Once this process is
run, production activity plans attached to a resource with an effective date in the date range assigned in this
program will be generated.
Workshop - Backflush Labor
Workshop - Use the Shop Tracker (topic: Review Shop Warnings)

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

11

Overview

Job Management Course

Overview
This topic gives an overview of job management tools, job creation methods, job types, and defines the common
terms used in the Job Management module.
Tools
Several tools are available that assist with the creation and management of jobs:
Planning Workbench - Provides a view of job related actions.
Job Manager - Reviews the relationship between jobs and demand.
Job Costing - Compares job estimates to actual costs by job, operation, or material.
Order to Job Linking - Creates one job with one delivery, or creates one job with multiple deliveries.
Planned Overproduction of Assemblies - Produces and auto receives overproduction quantities to inventory
on a job.
Production Activity - Provides the functionality to establish lean performance metrics as well as capture
production data automatically through shop floor transactions.
Job Creation Methods
Jobs can be created using one of the following methods:
Quick Job Entry - Provides streamlined job creation.
Manual Method - Creates a job for inventory using the Time Phased Material Requirements Report for
stocked parts.
Material Requirement Planning Module - Creates planned jobs for stocked and non-stocked items.
Planning Workbench - Notifies you about new sales order requirements and changes for non-stocked parts.
Order Job Wizard - Displays demand, supply, and inventory by part and provides job linking, job creation,
and pull from inventory capabilities.
Kanban - Reports the production of parts without a job.
Job Types
Three different types of jobs exist, and each has a different way of relieving the Work in Process (WIP):
Make To Stock
Make To Order
Make To Job
These job types are discussed later in the course.
Definition of Common Terms
Assembly - This defines the manufacturing components or parts required to make each part for a customer.
The components or parts are identified separately from raw material in a job, quote entry, and the bill of
materials.
Parent Assembly - This is an assembly composed of subassemblies.
Subassembly - These are the manufactured parts needed in a parent assembly.
Material - This refers to job material requirements which can be purchased directly to the job or issued from
inventory.

12

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Overview

Raw Material - This is material that has not been processed through manufacturing.
Finished Goods - These are parts considered complete and ready for shipment.
Method of Manufacture - This includes the information required to build a part. It includes necessary
purchased and manufactured parts, as well as the sequence of operations required to build the final product.
Get Details - This function allows you to copy production details from a method, a quote, or another job.
Engineer a Job - Select the Engineered check box to indicate the job's method is complete. A job cannot be
scheduled or released until it is engineered.
Release a Job - Release a job to allow site workers to charge time against it. Until a job is released, it is
unavailable for labor entry, data collection, and inventory transactions.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

13

Overview

14

Job Management Course

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Application Setup

Application Setup
This section of the course reviews Company Configuration and maintenance programs related to Job Management.

Company Configuration
Company Configuration defines options for companies in the Epicor application. Use these options to customize
the application to best fit each company within your organization.
Use Company Configuration to configure the Job Management module. Typically, company configuration is
done at implementation. The modules require some maintenance program definition.
Job Management Configuration
To define the default job configuration settings for Job Management, select the Modules > Production > Job
sheet. This sheet is separated into the following panes:
Labor
Time FormatJob Number Generation
Quick Job ID
KanBan Prefix
Change Engineered Job
Change Impact Price List
Direct Ship Standard Cost Job Variances
Load Relieved By
Issued Manufactured
Default Standard Format
User Defined Check Off Labels
Scheduling
Change Impact Grace Period
For more information about the fields, refer to the Application help.
Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
System Setup > Company/Site Maintenance > Company Configuration

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

15

Application Setup

Job Management Course

Maintenance Programs
This section of the course reviews the most significant maintenance programs applicable to the Job Management
process. In many cases, some fields and sheets in a program are not discussed. If you are interested in learning
more about a specific program, refer to the Application Help.

Job Department Maintenance


Use Job Department Maintenance to establish job departments, which can be used to group resource groups
set up for organizational and reporting purposes. Do not confuse job departments with General Ledger (GL)
departments.
Important At least one department is required in the Epicor application.
Job departments do not need to be the same as the departments established in the financial foundation. Job
departments are helpful when viewing the shop floor by functional area. They are used in some reports and
graphs to view the shop load. Run reports by department, such as the Priority Dispatch Report, to list jobs in the
order the work should be done.
Example
Machining
Department
Shipping Department
Assembly
Department
Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Production Management > Job Management > Setup > Department
Production Management > Quality Assurance > Setup > Department
Production Management > Scheduling > Setup > Department

Shift Maintenance
Use Shift Maintenance to define relevant shift times for labor reporting and time collection purposes.
Each employee defined in Shop Employee Maintenance and Employee Maintenance belongs to a default
shift record entered in Shift Maintenance. Data collection and shop warnings use these entries to report warnings
such as Employee Clocked in Early or Employee Clocked out Late.
Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Financial Management > Payroll > Setup > Shift
Material Management > Data Collection > Setup > Shift
Material Management > Inventory Management > Setup > Shift
Production Management > Data Collection > Setup > Shift

16

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Application Setup

Production Management > Job Management > Setup > Shift


Service Management > Expense Management > Setup > Shift
Service Management > Field Service > Setup > Shift
Service Management > Project Management > Setup > Shift
Service Management > Time Management > Setup > Shift

Shift Detail
Shift Maintenance > Detail
Use the Detail sheet to define general shift information such as the shift description, start and end times, lunch
break information (which automatically deducts time from pay hours), and rate differential information.
Rate differentials define additional payment rates employees receive when they work certain shifts. The monetary
amount you pay for a shift differential can be hourly or a percentage, depending on the rate qualifier entry you
indicate. In addition, you define if the rate differential should always be given to an employee who works the
selected shift or if it should only be given if the shift is different than the employee's ordinary shift.
Important You can only use rate differential information if the Payroll module is licensed.

Shift Break Detail


Shift Maintenance > Shift Break Detail
Use the Shift Break Detail sheet to define breaks (other than lunch) for each shift, and add breaks to both new
and existing shift records.
Important Shift break information is only available when the Data Collection module is licensed.

Employee Maintenance
Use Employee Maintenance to create an employee record. Employees perform work on jobs and enter labor
in Time and Expense Entry. If an employee is connected to a User ID, the associated password is required for the
employee to log into the Handheld functions or the Manufacturing Execution System (MES).
Employee Maintenance is most valuable if you do not have the Payroll module. The Job Management module
uses an employee file separate from the Payroll module.
If the Payroll module is installed, enter employees. They automatically display in the Employee file, where you
can activate other fields. If necessary, update the employee details. When you update employee details in the
Payroll module, the employee record updates automatically.
An employee added to Payroll Employee Maintenance cannot be added again in Employee Maintenance. If
you select the Active Employee check box in Payroll Employee Maintenance, the employee is automatically
part of Employee Maintenance. You can always return to Payroll Employee Maintenance to select this check
box.
An employee can start a shift when the payroll administrator is unavailable. In this scenario, the employee is
entered in Employee Maintenance to allow them to record time. The payroll administrator can pull the entry into
the Payroll module at a later time. Temporary employees who report time must also be entered in Employee
Maintenance.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

17

Application Setup

Job Management Course

Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Material Management > Data Collection > Setup > Employee
Material Management > Inventory Management > Setup > Employee
Production Management > Data Collection > Setup > Employee
Production Management > Job Management > Setup > Employee
Service Management > Expense Management > Setup > Employee
Service Management > Field Service > Setup > Employee
Service Management > Field Service > Setup > Employee
Service Management > Project Management > Setup > Employee
Service Management > Time Management > Setup > Employee

Operation Maintenance
Use Operation Maintenance to enter procedures that shop employees must perform when working on a job.
Job operations or operation sequences define the sequence of labor steps required to make each part.
Example Drill, Bend, and Cut.
Operations are entered for each part in Opportunity/Quote Entry and Job Entry. They can also be entered as
routing information if you have the Engineering module installed.
Important You must attach specific resources and resource groups to your operations in order to establish
labor and burden rates for the operation. Use the Scheduling Requirements sheets to do this. If you
have the Advanced Planning and Scheduling (APS) license installed, you can also attach capabilities to
your operations.
Note For more information, refer to the Routing Creation and Job Scheduling advanced topics in the
Application Help. For more information on how an operation is costed with respect to the capabilities,
resources, or resource groups that might be attached to it, refer to the Costing Workbench topic in the
Application Help.
Operations can be internal or subcontract. Internal operations track the hours and costs for the planned and
actual labor. Subcontract operations track the movement of parts and costs associated with outside services.
Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Production Management > Engineering > Setup > Operation
Production Management > Job Management > Setup > Operation
Production Management > Scheduling > Setup > Operation
Sales Management > Configurator Management > Setup > Operation
Service Management > Project Management > Setup > Operation
For CRM users, the Main Menu appears as:
Customer Relationship Management > Configurator Management > Setup > Operation

18

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Application Setup

Operation Standard Maintenance


Use Operation Standard Maintenance to define the default setup and production estimates for specific
operations. Operation standards are optional, but they can be useful if you have operations that take the same
amount of time, regardless of the part produced. You can standardize operation times in the method of
manufacturing and in the quoting process.
Example The Shearing operation can take additional setup and operation time, based on the gauge of
the material.
Note You can only access this program from Operation Maintenance. To launch this program, from
the Actions menu, select Standards.

Operation Text Maintenance


Use Operation Text Maintenance to set up standard operation text.
Operation text is printed on the job traveler. Operation text records are standard comments associated with an
operation in Operation Maintenance.
For example, you can set up standard instructions or warnings as operation text records, then associate them
with specific operations. You can also create an inspection sign-off line as operation text, then associate it with
an operation that ordinarily requires inspection.
If you associate a specific operation text record with an operation, that text automatically prints on the job traveler
whenever the operation displays. The text displays below specific job operation comments.
Note Operation text should not be confused with the Operation Description or Operation Comments.
These apply to a specific operation on a specific part and can be overridden in Job Entry. Operation text is
printed on the job traveler and does not display in Job Entry.
The purpose of operation text is to display generic requirements for an operation, whereas operation comments
identify specific requirements for the selected operation. For example, a milling operation may have specific
tolerances that must be met. Enter this in the comments at the job level.
Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Production Management > Job Management > Setup > Operation Text
Production Management > Scheduling > Setup > Operation Text
Service Management > Maintenance Management > Setup > Operation Text

Resource Group Maintenance


Use Resource Group Maintenance to set up resource groups and resources to be assigned to operations and
used during job entry for scheduling purposes. Each resource group must have at least one resource and is inactive
until a resource is created for it.
Resource groups and resources carry labor and labor burden cost estimates. They define where and how to
perform operations. Resource groups can also be used to build part routings in the Engineering Workbench and
in Quote Entry.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

19

Application Setup

Job Management Course

Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Production Management > Engineering > Setup > Resource Group
Production Management > Job Management > Setup > Resource Group
Production Management > Scheduling > Setup > Resource Group
Sales Management > Configurator Management > Setup > Resource Group
Service Management > Expense Management > Setup > Resource Group
Service Management > Field Service > Setup > Resource Group
Service Management > Maintenance Management > Setup > Resource Group
Service Management > Project Management > Setup > Resource Group
Service Management > Time Management > Setup > Resource Group
For CRM users, the Main Menu appears as:
Customer Relationship Management > Configurator Management > Setup > Resource Group

Detail Sheet
Resource Group Maintenance > Detail
Use the Detail sheet to set up the default information for the resource group. Each resource group must have
at least one resource.
A resource group is an area within a department where work is done or an indication of what is required to do
the work. It can be a person, place, or object used during production. Each resource group must contain at least
one resource.

Resources Detail Sheet


Resource Group Maintenance > Resources > Detail
Use the Resources > Detail sheet to set up individual resources to include in the resource group.
A resource is a subset of a resource group. At least one resource must be set up for each resource group. It can
be one of the places or objects used during production.
Example
A specific machine, such as a CNC machine.
A specific place in the site, such as Shipping.
A tool to be used during production, such as a
bench.
A person, such as an inspector.

Reason Code Maintenance


Use Reason Code Maintenance to assign standard explanations for Customer Relationship Management (CRM)
events, labor scrap and rework, inventory adjustments, and Return Material Authorization (RMA) entries.
To use reason codes, select the appropriate options in Company Configuration. Next, set up the codes in Reason
Code Maintenance and select the reasons in the following programs:
Count Discrepancy Reason Code Entry
Time and Expense Entry

20

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Application Setup

Inventory Adjustment Entry


RMA Processing
RMA Dispositions
Opportunity/Quote Entry
The following reason codes are used in manufacturing:
Scrap - This is used to identify a non-conformance quantity.
Quality Assurance - This is used for inspection and corrective actions.
Inventory Adjustments - This is used to identify items pulled from inventory that are non-conforming.
Rework - This is used for items sent back to be re-worked.
Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Financial Management > Deferred Revenue Accounting > Setup > Reason Code
Material Management > Inventory Management > Setup > Reason Code
Production Management > Job Management > Setup > Reason Code
Production Management > Quality Assurance > Setup > Reason Code
Sales Management > Customer Relationship Management > Setup > Reason Code
Service Management > Field Service > Setup > Reason Code
For CRM users, the Main Menu appears as:
Customer Relationship Management > Sales and Marketing Management > Setup > Reason Code

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

21

Daily Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

Daily Job Management Processing


This section of the course reviews job management processing that takes place during a typical work day.
Business Scenario
Your company, P&H Auto, is a leading manufacturer of customized parts for race cars and stock cars. You have
a strong reputation for manufacturing quality performance aftermarket auto parts. Your company maintains an
expansive inventory of parts for chassis, suspension, and steering.
You have been asked to show the newest employee how to use the functionality of Job Management. You decide
to show the employee the different ways to create and process jobs as new requests are received.

Job Entry
Use Job Entry to create and edit jobs. Job heading information, material, operations, and assembly information
is linked to each job through this program. Once you are satisfied with a jobs manufacturing process, you can
schedule the job so it is placed in the manufacturing queue at once.
Use the tree view to review and edit the aspects of the current job. In the tree view, double-click the icons for
the nodes to display sheets with specific information about the job.
From the Actions menu, select Get Details to quickly add the bill of materials and bill of operations information
for a part. You can also enter methods of manufacture (MOM) directly to the job through the Engineering
sheets. You can then use these methods for other jobs.
Jobs can also be part of a project. A project is a collection of jobs created to complete a larger task. Use the fields
on the Project sheet to add the current job to a project.
Tip For more information on projects, refer to the Job Management > Job Entry > Project topic in the
Application Help.
Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Job Entry
Service Management > Expense Management > General Operations > Job Entry
Service Management > Field Service > General Operations > Service Job Entry
Service Management > Project Management > General Operations > Job Entry
Service Management > Time Management > General Operations > Job Entry

22

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Daily Job Management Processing

Job
Job Entry > Job
Use the Job sheet to enter and edit the main information for each job. This sheet allows you to add a new job
or edit an existing job. It also provides an overview of the job and displays part information, quantities, revision,
and due dates. This sheet also contains check box options you select to indicate that the jobs planning is complete.
Several sub-sheets are available on the Job Header. These sheets allow you to view the demand for the job and
indicate whether the job is made for stock, made to order, or made for a job. You can also select the people
associated with the job.

Demand Summary
Job Entry > Job > Demand Summary
The Job > Demand Summary sheet displays the demand placed against the current job. It pulls this information
from the Make To Order, Make To Stock, and Make To Job demand links created for the part selected in the
job header.
The information on this grid is for display only. You cannot edit these fields.

Job Types
Three different types of job demand are available, each with a different way of relieving Work in Process (WIP).
They define where the finished quantity for the job is directed and are indicated as the Make options of the
Demand Link added to a job.
You can select multiple Make options for each job. The three Make options include:
Make To Stock - When selected, this option indicates the quantity for the current job is partly or fully placed
in inventory.
Make To Order - When selected, this option indicates the quantity for the current job is partly or fully used
to satisfy a sales order.
Make To Job - When selected, this option indicates the quantity for the current job is partly or fully used for
another job.

Workshop - Create a Job Manually


You have received a new request from Addison for a machined casting part. As a result of the customer request
you enter a sales order for 50 units of the ADD-200-S part. Once you enter the sales order, you create and
schedule a new job specific to this customer requirement.

Enter a New Sales Order


Navigate to Sales Order Entry.
Menu Path: Sales Management > Order Management > General Operations > Order Entry
Tip The CRM menu path is: Customer Relationship Management > Order Management > General
Operations > Order Entry
1. From the New menu, select New Order.
2. In the Customer field, right-click your mouse and select Open With > Customer Entry.
Customer Maintenance displays.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

23

Daily Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

3. In the Customer field, enter Addison and press Tab.


4. Navigate to the Billing > Credit > Credit Detail sheet.
5. Clear or verify the Credit Hold check box is cleared.
6. In the Credit Limit, enter 500,000.
7. Click Save.
8. Repeat steps 3-7 to modify Dalton Manufacturing.
9. Exit Customer Maintenance.
10. In Sales Order Entry, in the Customer field, enter Addision and press Tab.
11. In the Need By field, enter the date two weeks from today.
12. In the Ship By field, enter the date two days before the Need By date.
13. Click Save.
14. Navigate to the Lines > Detail sheet.
15. From the New menu, select New Line.
16. In the Part/Rev field, enter ADD-200-S and press Tab.
17. In the Order Quantity field, enter 50.
18. In the Unit Price field, enter 49.25 and press Tab.
The Ext. Price and Total Price fields populate.
19. Click Save.
20. Navigate to the Releases > Detail sheet.
21. Select the Make Direct check box.
22. Click Save.
23. Navigate to the Summary sheet.
24. Record the sales order number __________.

Create a Job for the Selected Requirement


1. Navigate to the Releases > Job sheet and view the Jobs grid.
No jobs currently display.
2. Navigate to the Summary sheet.
3. Click the Create Jobs button.

24

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Daily Job Management Processing

4. Navigate to the Releases > Job sheet.


5. In the Jobs grid, view the number of the created job.
6. Record the job number ___________.
7. Click Save.

Get Details for the New Job


1. In the Jobs grid, right-click the job number and select Open With > Job Entry.
Job Entry displays.
2. From the Actions menu, select Job > Get Details.
The Get Details window displays.
3. Verify the Method sheet displays.
Get Details is used to pull in the method of manufacture for the part to be built on the job. The Epicor
application must have a current method of manufacture on file with an approved revision to use the Get
Details process.
The application displays manufacturing revisions on file for the part and also allows you to select a method
from another job or quote.
4. From the Revisions grid, select Rev A and click OK.
This action pulls in details from the default method for the part.

Review and Schedule the Job


1. In the tree view, expand the Operations and Materials nodes to review the method details.
2. In the Req By field, enter the date two weeks from today.
3. In the Job > Demand Summary sheet, review the Demand Summary grid.
4. Verify the Engineered check box is selected.
5. From the Actions menu, select Schedule > Job Scheduling.
The Schedule Job window displays.
Note The purpose of scheduling the job is to get capacity requirements and raw material requirements
into the Epicor application. Use the date entered in the Req By field as the Due Date for the job. You
can reschedule the job as needed.

6. Accept the default of Backward scheduling.


The Epicor application schedules the job backwards from the due date, which is determined by the Ship By
date on the sales order.
7. Click OK.
If a message displays informing you that the job will not meet its required date, click OK.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

25

Daily Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

8. On the Job sheet, select the Released check box to release the job.
Once the job is released, you are able to record labor against the job.
9. Click Save and exit Job Entry and Sales Order Entry.

Job Processing
This section of the course reviews the job processing details when you enter a job.
Manufacturing Details
Once you enter a job and select the part, manufacturing details are pulled in for the part to be produced. The
details are pulled from another job, another part, a quote, or are created directly in the job itself.
A Make To Order job has manufacturing details created directly in the job. You can add assemblies, operations,
materials, and subcontract operations using the right-click context menu from the tree view. The details defined
directly in the job remain part of the job itself and can only be re-used if the job is used to pull in details to another
part.
A job can be marked as a template by selecting the Template check box in Job Entry. This indicates the job can
be listed as an option for Get Details. Only jobs or assemblies that have the Template check box selected display
in this program.
Preparing the Job for Production
Once you define the details, or bring them into the job, it is then engineered, scheduled, and released. Following
is an explanation of each status:
Engineered - The Engineered check box is only available after the method of manufacturing for the job has
been approved. Note that each operation on the method must have at least one resource or resource group
defined as a location, or at least one capability that has a primary resource group defined as a location. Jobs
are only available for scheduling if the Engineered check box is selected. Jobs that are not engineered do not
display on some reports and programs and labor transactions cannot post against them. If you clear the
Engineered check box after a job has been scheduled, the schedule for that job is removed.
If this is the first time a job is selected as engineered, the Epicor application automatically updates the job
quantity in the database. If this is not the first time the job has been selected as engineered, the application
displays a message asking if the original quantity value should be reset with the current quantity value.
Scheduled - A job must be selected as engineered before you can schedule it. Scheduling places the job into
the shop's workload. At this time, the Scheduling Engine reviews the Bill of Operation (BOO) and the Bill of
Materials (BOM) to calculate the time required for each process. The resource groups and specific resource
schedules are then evaluated, and a start and due date are generated for the job.
If you use Backward Scheduling, the Epicor application looks at the Required By Date and determines a
schedule that can be used to meet that date. Forward Scheduling begins with the date of the job and creates
a schedule in response to resource and material requirements. Once the scheduling process is complete, the
start and due dates on the job populate.
Released - When selected, this check box indicates this job is ready for manufacturing. Only released jobs
can have labor placed against them.

26

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Daily Job Management Processing

Job Planning Process - Make To Order


The entire manufacturing cycle is influenced by supply and demand. Demand is generated primarily by the entry
of a sales order for a specific part, but also from the forecast, master planning schedule, and inventory
requirements. The job planning process is controlled by the Non-Stock Item check box in Part Maintenance.
If you select the Non-Stock Item check box on the Part record, the Epicor application expects supply to come
from a job. Line items from a sales order flagged as make direct create a suggestion in the Planning Workbench.
Production Control has tools to determine the most efficient way to satisfy demand, including creating a new
job or linking to an existing job. In the Make To Order strategy, non-stock materials and subassemblies are
produced directly to the job. Purchased, non-stock materials are received directly to the job.
Tools such as the Planning Workbench, Production Control Workbench, Order Job Wizard, and Job Manager are
available to manage the supply.
Make To Order Process Flow
The following is the production flow for a Make To Order strategy.

Planning Workbench
Use the Planning Workbench to create new jobs, or make changes to the supply/demand links on existing jobs,
based on planning suggestions generated by the Epicor application. You first find and select suggestions based
on current sales orders. Then, you create jobs and define the demand links by launching programs from the
Planning Workbench.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

27

Daily Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

The Epicor application provides suggestions when you create new sales orders or change existing ones. The
Planning Workbench allows you to view the following information:
Sales order line and releases for a non-stock item, and the jobs that need to be performed to satisfy the
demand.
Sales order changes due to a linked sales order change. These changes include:
1.

Date - The request date can move forward or backward.

2.

Revision Level - The revision on the sales order is different than the revision on the attached job.

3.

Quantity - The sales order quantity can be increased, decreased, or canceled.

If your company uses the Material Requirements Planning (MRP) module, the Planning Workbench also
creates suggestions that are not linked to sales driven demand. This includes open demand, whether from
transfer orders, sales order releases, or job materials declared as Make Direct. If the MRP module is installed
but it cannot create an unfirm job for a demand transaction, the Epicor application also displays this type of
transaction in the queue.
The Suggestions grid displays the part, due date, target job, source, customer name and other information for
each planning suggestion. For each order release, it displays a suggested planning action, which include:
Create job or link to existing job
Part/Rev conflict
Increase production quantity
Decrease production quantity
Unlink or delete job
Expedite job
Postpone job
Note Refer to the field help for a detailed explanation of each suggested action,
The displayed suggestions for new demand in the Planning Workbench create the need for a production control
decision, including the following:
Creation of a new, discrete job from the suggestion record.
Review the order behind the suggestion record.
Managing supply and demand for the selected suggestion record.
Combining of releases.
Linking demand to an existing job
Deleting the suggestion.
Job number decisions - use the next available job number, order release number, or unique number you
assign.
The planner selects the action based on the suggestion, or deletes the record from the Planning Workbench if it
is unnecessary. This allows access to the job related actions in a single view - direct creation of new jobs, changing
job requirements to match changing demand, and allocating and reallocating jobs to satisfy changing customer
demand. You can also use the Job Manager to combine requirements into jobs, or use the Order Job Wizard to
create and process sales order jobs. This provides you with the ability to plan ahead to manufacture stock or job
quantities you may need in the future.
Note Refer to the Job Manager and Order Job Wizard Application Help for more details on these programs.

28

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Daily Job Management Processing

Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Planning Workbench

Workshop - Review the Change Queue


This workshop demonstrates how to review the change queue in the Planning Workbench.
Navigate to the Planning Workbench.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Planning Workbench
1. Click the Select button to initiate a search.
2. In the Status field, select Changes.
3. Click Search.
4. Click Select All, and click OK.
5. Review the job change types.
The available types include the following:
Cancel
Date Changes
Quantity Increases
Reduce Quantity
6. Exit the Planning Workbench.

Job Traveler Report


Use the Job Traveler Report to print details for a job and use this hard copy to track the manufacturing progress
of a job. You can also print details for many jobs in the same report.
Routings from the Job Traveler Report provide production personnel the information necessary to make the
product. Each operation required for production displays on the traveler, as well as the resource group used for
the operation. In addition, specific user-defined operation text provides an objective, written record of the
completion of necessary operations. The Job Traveler also efficiently displays outside processing operations that
may be required to complete the job.
The Job Traveler Report explains exactly what is required on a specific job. It divides the operations and materials
by the assemblies for the parent job.
Note You can also use Job Entry to access the Job Traveler from the Actions menu.
Use the Selection sheet to select the report parameters. Use the Filter sheet(s) to select the specific records to
include on the report. For more information, refer to the Filters Overview topic in the Application Help.
Important For more information on how to review the status of a report you print, preview, or generate,
refer to the System Monitor Overview topic in the Application Help.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

29

Daily Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Production Management > Job Management > Reports > Job Traveler
Production Management > Scheduling > Reports > Job Traveler

Workshop - Print the Job Traveler Report


This workshop demonstrates how to print and use the Job Traveler Report.
Navigate to the Job Traveler Report.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > Reports > Job Traveler
1. Navigate to the Filter > Job sheet.
2. Click the Job button, and search for and select the job you created in the Workshop - Create a New Job
Manually.
3. Navigate to the Selection sheet.
4. Select the Print Scheduled Resource Descriptions and Operation Dates check boxes.
Job Traveler details are selected using print parameters.
5. Click Print Preview to preview the report.
6. Review the Job Traveler Report and the standard text accompanying the operation.
Note Operation standard text displays generic requirements for an operation. Operation comments
identify specific requirements for the selected operation.

7. Close the report and exit Job Traveler Report.

Order Job Wizard


The Order Job Wizard allows you to quickly create jobs for a sales order. This program allows you to create
either a job for the order line or a job suggestion that displays in the Planning Workbench.
The Order Job Wizard is only available on sales orders that have at least one line selected to be made direct and
for which a Ship By date has been entered for the corresponding order release. When you select the Make Direct
check box, it indicates the release quantity is manufactured directly instead of being pulled from inventory.
Tip If you select the Buy To Order check box for a sold part in the Releases > Detail sheet, the sold item
does not display in Order Job Wizard and is not included in MRP processing. If a part does not exist in the
part master file or the part is a non-stock part, the Make Direct check box is automatically selected.
To display Order Job Wizard from Sales Order Entry and the Planning Workbench do the following:
In Sales Order Entry, from the Actions menu, select Order Job Wizard. To activate this option for the sales
order line, enter the Need By and Ship By dates on the Releases > Detail sheet, select the Make Direct
check box, and save the sales order.
In the Planning Workbench, click the Order Job Wizard button. To activate this button, select a job suggestion.

30

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Daily Job Management Processing

The Order Job Wizard initially selects the Make Direct check box for each order line. If you clear this check box,
you can then manually select the releases and the jobs that satisfy these release quantities.
From the Actions menu, select Create Job to turn your selections into jobs or job suggestions.

Order Job Wizard, Order Lines


Order Job Wizard > Order Job Wizard, Order Lines
Use the Order Job Wizard > Order Job Wizard, Order Lines pane to manually create, schedule, and release
jobs for all, or selected, detail lines on the current order. You can then pull the current methods of manufacturing
created for the parts into the generated jobs. These jobs can be scheduled and released to the shop floor.
Note
If you clear the Create Job check box in the Order Job Wizard, Order Lines pane, you can then select the
Create Job check box in the Release pane to create a separate job for each release (for example, a series
of non-stock part releases).
If you do not clear the Create Job check box in the Order Job Wizard, Order Lines pane and run the Create
Jobs functionality, the Epicor application generates a single job for the releases on the order line. This
causes the entire quantity to be manufactured at the same time.
For more information, refer to the Order Job Wizard - Releases topic in the Application Help.

Releases
Order Job Wizard > Releases
Use the Order Job Wizard > Releases pane to link existing jobs to a specific order release. This pane only
displays open releases that are created for the order line selected in the Order Job Wizard, Order Lines pane.
By default, the lines in this pane are display only. To activate this pane, clear the Create Jobs check box for the
selected order line.
Note
If you clear the Create Job check box in the Order Job Wizard, Order Lines pane, you can then select
the Create Job check box in the Release pane to create a separate job for each release (for example, a
series of non-stock part releases).
If you do not clear the Create Job check box in the Order Job Wizard, Order Lines pane and run the Create
Jobs functionality, the Epicor application generates a single job for the releases on the order line. This
causes the entire quantity to be manufactured at the same time.
For more information, refer to the Order Job Wizard - Order Job Wizard, Order Lines topic in the Application
Help.
To create links to existing jobs, click the Link button. In the Jobs pane, indicate which jobs you want to link to
this release.

Jobs
Order Job Wizard > Jobs
Use the Jobs pane to view the jobs that are currently manufacturing the selected part on the order line.
This pane only displays existing jobs for the part that is on the line selected in the Order Job Wizard, Order
Lines pane. These jobs manufacture parts that match the parts ordered on the line. The jobs in this pane are
display only; you cannot edit this information. You can, however, link these jobs to a selected order release.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

31

Daily Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

Workshop - Create a Job Using the Order Job Wizard


Another customer, Dalton Manufacturing, calls to place an order for two parts. You decide to use the Order
Job Wizard to quickly create jobs for a sales order. The Order Job Wizard will create the jobs, get details, schedule
and release the jobs. The Order Wizard is available from the Planning Workbench or in Sales Order Entry from
the Actions menu. The demand created by the sales order can be satisfied by creating one job for the entire order
or one job for each line release.

Duplicate and Update Sales Order Dates


In this workshop, duplicate sales order 5050 to create a unique sales order and update the dates on the sales
order.
Navigate to Sales Order Entry.
Menu Path: Sales Management > Order Management > General Operations > Order Entry
Tip The CRM menu path is: Customer Relationship Management > Order Management > General
Operations > Order Entry
1. In the Sales Order field, enter 5050 and press Tab.
2. From the Actions menu, select Order > Copy Order.
The Copy Order window displays.
3. Accept the defaults and click OK
This action creates a duplicate sales order of 5050.
4. Record the new sales order number __________.
For the purpose of this course, this new sales order is used in place of 5050.
5. In the Need By field, enter the date two weeks from today.
6. In the Ship By field, enter the date two days before the Need By date.
7. Click Save.
8. To the You have changed the following fields message, click Yes.
9. Navigate to the Releases > Detail sheet.
10. In the Line Number field, verify 1 displays.
11. In the Release Number field, verify 1 displays.
12. Select the Make Direct check box.
13. In the Need By field, verify the date two weeks from today displays.
14. In the Ship By field, enter or verify the date two days before the Need By date displays.
15. Click Save.
16. To the You have changed the following fields message, click Yes.

32

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Daily Job Management Processing

17. In the Line Number field, select line 2.


18. In the Release Number field, verify 1 displays.
19. In the Need By field, enter the date four weeks from today.
20. In the Ship By field, enter the date two days before the Need By date.
21. Click Save.
22. In the Release Number field, select release 2.
23. In the Need By field, enter the date eight weeks from today.
24. In the Ship By field, enter the date two days before the Need By date.
25. Click Save.

Review the Order Job Wizard


1. From the Actions menu, select Order Job Wizard.
The Order Job Wizard window displays.
2. Review the Order Job Wizard, Order Lines section.
The Order Lines section allows releases to be combined into a single job. The earliest due date becomes the
due date of the job.
3. Review the Releases section.
The Releases section focuses on the order line selected and its releases, and allows you to create a new job
per release.
4. Review the Jobs section.
The Jobs section allows order releases to be linked with other existing jobs for the same part. Active jobs
for the part display in the lower right section of the screen.

Create Job Records (Part 1)


1. In the Order Job Wizard, Order Lines section, highlight the line for part DCD-200-ML.
2. Enter order lines parameters.
In the Order Lines grid, select the following check boxes:
Create Job
Get Details
Schedule Job
Release Job
3. On the second line for part DCD-100-SP, clear or verify the Create Job check box is cleared.
A job for part DCD-100-SP is created later in this workshop.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

33

Daily Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

4. Click the Create Jobs button to create a single job.


5. From the Releases section, in the Job column, record the job number _____________.

Create Job Records (Part 2)


1. In the Order Lines grid, select the line with part DCD-100-SP.
2. Enter the release options.
In the Releases section, select the following check boxes:
Create Job
Get Details
Schedule Job
Release Job
3. Click the Create Jobs button.
4. In the tree view, under the Part Number node, select the DCD-100-SP part.
5. In the Releases section, in the Job column, record the job number___________.
6. Click Save and exit the programs.

Job Manager
Use the Job Manager to review, create, and update the supply and demand for a selected part.
The Job Manager allows you to review links that explain the source of a demand or supply for the selected part.
The Supply/Demand grid displays the source for each pending job, including order release, job assembly,
or job material.
The Demand/Supply grid displays the quantity requirements for the current part, along with the source for
each requirement. The source defines the link within the database for the supply or demand entry.
You can change the supply and demand links, create a job to satisfy demand, or pull the demand quantity from
stock. You can also completely remove the supply and demand links.
Job Manager tasks include the following:
Determine if demand can be met by pulling from stock.
Determine if demand can be met by linking to an existing job.
Unlink demand and supply.
Create a new job to satisfy demand.
Note You can refresh the Job Manager by using the Refresh icon located on the Standard toolbar. For
example, if you search for and select a part in the Job Manager > Detail > Part field and then create a
job for this part in Job Entry, the newly created job will display in the Job Manager > Supply section
once you click Refresh.

34

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Daily Job Management Processing

Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Job Manager

Workshop - Create a Job Using the Job Manager


You recall that one of the parts ordered by Dalton Manufacturing was recently ordered by Barriston Engineering.
You access Job Manager from the Planning Workbench to view the supply and demand for the specific part,
DCD-100-SP. For efficiency, you decide to use Job Manager to combine both requirements for the part into one
job. The job will be attached to the separate sales orders for the two customers.

Duplicate Two Existing Sales Orders


In this workshop, duplicate sales orders 5121 and 5047. The unique sales orders you create are used for the
workshops that follow.
Navigate to Sales Order Entry.
Menu Path: Sales Management > Order Management > General Operations > Order Entry
Tip The CRM menu path is: Customer Relationship Management > Order Management > General
Operations > Order Entry
1. In the Sales Order field, enter 5121 and press Tab.
This is the first sales order to duplicate.
2. From the Actions menu, select Order > Copy Order.
The Copy Order window displays.
3. Accept defaults and click OK.
4. Select the Ready To Process check box.
5. Click Save.
6. Record the new sales order number ___________.
7. From the Standard toolbar, click Clear to clear the form.
8. In the Sales Order field, enter 5047 and press Tab.
This is the second sales order to duplicate.
9. From the Actions menu, select Order > Copy Order.
The Copy Order window displays.
10. Accept defaults and click OK.
11. Select the Ready To Process check box.
12. Click Save.
13. Record the new sales order number ___________.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

35

Daily Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

14. Exit Sales Order Entry.

Select a Part Number


Maximize the Planning Workbench.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Planning Workbench
1. Click the Select button.
The Planning Workbench Search window displays.
2. In the Status field, select New.
3. Click Search.
4. Click Select All, and click OK.
5. Highlight the line for the duplicate sales order 5121 with part DCD-100-SP you previously created.
6. Click the Job Manager button.
The Job Manager opens and displays the demand and supply for the selected part number.
7. Review the demand data.

Create a Job Record


1. In the Demand section, highlight the line for the duplicate sales order 5121 you previously created.
2. Click the Create Job button.
3. In the New Job Number window, click Next Job.
4. Record the job number ______________.
5. Click OK.

Add a Demand Requirement to the Job


1. In the Supply section, select the job you created.
To sort job numbers in descending order, click the Job header. The new job should then display at the top
of the grid.
2. In the Demand section, select the requirement for the duplicate sales order 5047.
You may need to navigate to the right to see the Order column.
3. In the Demand section, click the Link button.

Get Details for the New Job


1. In the Supply pane, highlight the job you created.

36

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Daily Job Management Processing

2. Click the Get Details button.


The Get Details window displays.
3. In the Revisions grid, select Rev A.
4. Click OK.
This pulls in details from the default method for the part. The Epicor application also allows you to select a
method from another job or quote.

Engineer, Release, and Schedule the Job


1. In the Supply section, verify the job you created is selected and click the Job Entry button.
Job Entry displays.
2. Select the Engineered check box.
3. From the Actions menu, select Schedule > Job Scheduling.
The Schedule Job window displays.
4. Accept the default of Backward scheduling.
5. Click OK.
6. Select the Released check box.
7. Click Save and exit the programs.

Job Planning Process - Make To Stock


The job planning process for a manufactured part with a Non-Stock Item check box cleared is considered a Make
To Stock (MTS) environment. An MTS environment satisfies demand directly from inventory which is monitored
by the Time Phased Material process and the optional Material Requirements Planning (MRP) module.
Make To Stock Process
If the Non-Stock Item check box on the part record is clear, the Epicor application expects to satisfy demand
through the inventory/stock processes. Stocked materials and subassemblies are expected to be received into
and issued from inventory as required. Tools such as MRP or Time Phased Material Requirements help Production
Control manage supply.
Following is the production flow for a Make To Stock strategy.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

37

Daily Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

Time Phased Material Requirements Report


Use the Time Phased Material Requirements Report to link data in the Purchase Management, Job
Management, Order Management, and Inventory Management modules. This report analyzes planned receipts
and requirements for each part to project future inventory balances.
Jobs for stocked items are not shown in the Planning Workbench. If the Material Requirement Planning (MRP)
module is not licensed, use the Time Phased Material Requirements Report to track supply and demand. It can
display both manufactured and purchased parts, as well as stocked or non-stocked parts. The Time Phased
Material Requirements Report can be further refined to show only the instances where supply and demand are
not in sync with a specific cutoff date in the future.
The Time Phased Material Requirements Report looks at the inventory requirements to evaluate supply and
demand, such as minimum and maximum on hand quantities defined at the part level. Once executed, the report
displays demand by job, sales order, or both. Use the exception parameters in the Time Phased Material
Requirement Report to further refine the demand.
Use the Selection sheet to select the report parameters. Use the Filter sheet(s) to select the specific records to
include on the report. For more information, refer to the Filters Overview topic in the Application Help.
Important For more information on how to review the status of reports you print, preview, or generate,
refer to the System Monitor Overview topic in the Application Help.
Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Material Management > Inventory Management > Reports > Time Phased Mtl. Requirements
Production Management > Material Requirements Planning > Reports > Time Phased Mtl. Requirements

38

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Daily Job Management Processing

Workshop - Use the Time Phased Material Requirements Report


Later, you need to check the quantities for part SN1020 in inventory to make sure you have enough on hand to
meet future demand. You can execute the Time Phased Material Requirements Report to check inventory levels.
Use the information obtained from this report to generate a stock job in the next workshop.
Navigate to the Time Phased Material Requirements Report.
Menu Path: Material Management > Inventory Management > Reports > Time Phased Mtl. Requirements
1. In the Part Types section, select Manufactured.
2. In the Stock Types section, verify the Stocked option is selected.
3. Select the Exceptions Only check box.
If you select this option, it indicates the report should only include parts with projected on-hand quantities
below or above certain quantities. If this check box is not selected, the report includes requirements for the
parts, even if an adequate quantity of those parts is on-hand.
4. Click Print Preview to preview the report.
5. In the tree view, select part SN1020.
Note that there are pending requirements for part number SN1020. The report cannot produce a job;
therefore, the planner reads the report and uses Quick Job Entry to create a job to replenish inventory.
6. Record details for part SN1020.
Minimum ___________
Pending Requirements_______________
Safety_______________
7. Note the quantity to produce for part SN1020.
The part quantity to produce is determined as:
Qty to Produce = Pending Requirements + Minimum + Safety = ________
8. Close the print preview report and exit the Time Phased Material Requirements Report.

Workshop - Quick Job Entry


You use Quick Job Entry to generate a job to replenish inventory of part SN1020. You can only use Quick Job
Entry if the part exists in Part Maintenance and has a method of manufacture defined in the Epicor application.
Quick Job Entry automatically assigns the next job number and allows you to get details, engineer, schedule, and
release a job.
Navigate to Quick Job Entry.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Quick Job Entry
1. In the Part field, enter SN1020 and press Tab.
2. In the Quantity field, enter the quantity to produce from the previous workshop.
3. Select the Engineered and Released check boxes.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

39

Daily Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

Quick Job Entry automatically schedules the job.


4. Record the job number __________.
5. Click Save.
6. To the Job created message, click OK.
7. Exit Quick Job Entry.

Workshop - Create a Make To Stock Job


You also need to replenish a quantity of 100 brackets (ML-1698-A36) to inventory. To do so, you will create a
Make to Stock job. Use Job Entry to create a job directly and link it to a demand type. Job heading, material,
operations, and assembly information is linked to each job through Job Entry. After details are pulled in or created
directly in the job, the job is scheduled and released so it is placed on the manufacturing queue at once.
A demand link is added to the job much like a line item is added to a sales order. The demand link you select
guides the Epicor application processes for the order.

Create a Job
Navigate to Job Entry.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Job Entry
1. From the New menu, select New Job.
2. In the New Job Number window, click the Next Job button to assign a job number.
3. Record the job number_____________.
This job is used in the transaction sections later in this course.
4. Click OK.

Enter Job Details


1. In the Part field, enter ML-1698-A36 and press Tab.
2. In the Req By field, enter the date two weeks from today.
3. From the New menu, select New Demand Link > Make To Stock.
4. At the bottom of the Job sheet, on the Make To Stock > Detail sheet, in the Quantity field, enter 100.
5. From the Actions menu, select Job > Get Details.
The Get Details window displays.
6. In the Revision grid, select Rev D and click OK.
7. Navigate to the Job sheet and select the Engineered check box.
8. Click Save.

40

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Daily Job Management Processing

Schedule and Release the Job


1. From the Actions menu, select Schedule > Job Scheduling.
2. Accept the default of Backward scheduling and click OK.
If a message displays informing you that the job will not meet its required date, click OK.
3. Select the Released check box.
4. Click Save and minimize Job Entry.

Material Requirements Planning


Use the Material Requirements Planning (MRP) tools to estimate potential demand and propose the supply
that fulfils this demand.
The Material Requirements Planning (MRP) module addresses the following business needs:
The ability to forecast and plan for demand.
A fast approach to enter and change jobs.
For an MRP system to be successful, it is necessary to have accurate methods of manufacturing (methods),
Engineering Change Order (ECO) control, accurate inventory, accurate lead-time for purchased parts, timely
production reporting, and proven capacity estimates for resources and resource groups.
MRP is designed to create jobs and purchasing suggestions based on both independent demand and dependent
demand. Independent demand includes sales orders for end items, while dependent demand is for subcomponents
and material required for end items. MRP provides the ability to forecast independent demand, visibility for lower
level requirements, and the ability to increase or decrease productivity by automatically creating or deleting jobs
and purchase order suggestions. MRP also assists in fulfilling Purchase Contract requirements.
The MRP module creates unfirm jobs and suggestions to satisfy:
Sales order requirements
Minimum stock levels, safety stock levels, or a combination of both (the Epicor application re-order point)
Forecasted independent demand or master production schedule demand
Dependent demand (subassemblies)
Job material requirements
Purchase Contract requirements
MRP considers a job firm unless the job is locked on the job Header sheet. Once firmed, it stays with the date
and method it acquired when it was created, and changes have to be performed manually. If a job is unfirm and
the revision level on the method changes, MRP brings in the new revision the next time it runs, providing that
the Use Current Rev option is selected in Part Maintenance.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

41

Daily Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

Adjust Operations and Materials


After you release jobs to the floor, it is often necessary to change a raw material requirement or operation. For
example, the raw material supplier may be unable to supply the specific material but has an equally good
alternative. You must adjust the job to reflect cost changes that may result.

Modify Job Requirements


Materials and operations can be changed to meet the requirements of a specific job.
Materials on the Bill of Materials (BOM) are based on default material requirements for the part; however, those
materials can change to meet the requirements of the specific job.
At the time the Get Details process is done on the job, an engineer or planner may determine if material changes
are required.
For example, stock availability may require a substitution part. When the part is changed on the job, the cost of
the new part replaces the cost of the old part in the job.
Operations may also be changed to meet a job's schedule. For example, perhaps an inside operation needs to
be sent to a subcontractor because the resource is overloaded. This change must be made to the job to reflect
cost changes and to notify the Purchasing Department of the need for a subcontract purchase order.
Important Be cautious of cost issues. Review the planned costs in the Job Tracker before making changes
to operations or material, and review again after they have been made to view the changes.

Workshop - Modify Job Operations and Materials


You need to fortify the bracket ML-1698-A36 using additional bolts. In this workshop, add part 516x100B to
the Assembly operation.

Add Material Requirements


Maximize Job Entry.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Job Entry
1. Clear the Released check box.
2. In the tree view, expand the Operations node.
3. Navigate to the Engineering > Parts sheet.
4. Click the Part button and search for and select part 516x100B.
5. In the Parts grid, select part 516x100B and drag and drop it in the tree view onto XXXX > ASM:0
ML-1698-A36 > Operations > Opr: 10 OP: SHEAR (where XXXX is the job number).
6. In the tree view, click XXXX > ASM:0 ML-1698-A36 > Materials > Mtl: XX 516x100B (where XX is the
correct material sequence).
7. Navigate to the Job Details > Materials > Detail sheet.
8. In the Qty/Parent field, enter 3.

42

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Daily Job Management Processing

9. Click Save.

Add a Subcontract Operation


A subcontract operation is an outside supplier process. This portion of the workshop demonstrates how to change
an internal operation to a subcontract operation. You make a change because the Paint Line operation for the
job is too busy, and therefore, the decision was made to turn it into an outside operation.
1. In the tree view, right-click XXXX > ASM:0 ML-1698-A36 > Operations (where XXXX is the job number)
and select Add Subcontract Operation.
The next sequence number is assigned and can be changed if required.
The Job Details > Operations > Subcontract sheet displays.
2. In the Operation field, select Outside Vendor Painting.
3. In the Supplier ID field, search for or verify Rainforest Painting Inc. displays.
4. Click Save.
5. In the tree view, right-click XXXX > ASM:0 ML-1698-A36 > Operations > Opr: 50 OP: PTP (where XXXX
is the job number) and select Delete.
Note Operation 50 is replaced with an outside subcontract operation and needs to be removed from
the method.

6. To the Delete this record? message, click Yes.


7. Click Save.

Schedule the Job


The subcontract operation may add additional time to the job schedule and requires you to reschedule the job
again to reflect the change.
1. From the Actions menu, select Schedule > Job Scheduling.
2. Accept the default of Backward scheduling and click OK.
Note There may be numerous other details that need to be attended to at this point, depending on
your company's procedures. For example, after the job is changed, the site scheduler may need to
reschedule the job, the Purchasing Department may need to create a purchase order, and the job
traveler may need to be reprinted and redistributed.

3. Navigate to the Job sheet.


4. Select the Released check box.
5. Click Save and exit Job Entry.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

43

Daily Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

Work with a Subcontract Operation


You must enter the purchase order for a created subcontract operation to process it.
A subcontract operation is a job step completed outside your site by another supplier. A typical subcontract
operation includes a period of time, referred to as Days Out, which is the time required by the supplier to perform
the operation.

Subcontract Status Report


Use the Subcontract Status Report to produce a list of shipments to subcontractors that have outstanding
quantities to receive or subcontract operations that need to be shipped out.
When a material is sent to a subcontractor, the transaction code MFG-VEN (Shipment of Mfg job to supplier)
displays on reports and trackers. When the item is received back from the supplier, the transaction code PUR-SUB
(Purchase receipt to Subcontract) displays.
Use the Selection sheet to select the report parameters. Use the Filter sheet(s) to select the specific records to
include on the report. For more information, refer to the Filters Overview topic in the Application Help.
Important For more information on how to review the status of a report you print, preview, or generate,
refer to the System Monitor Overview topic in the Application Help.
Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Production Management > Job Management > Reports > Subcontract Status

Workshop - Work with a Subcontract Operation


A subcontract operation is an outside supplier operation and requires the parts to be shipped from the site to
the supplier. This process is initiated by the job requirement and is arranged by the Purchasing Department. In
this workshop, you generate the purchase order for a subcontract operation to the supplier, Rainforest Painting
Inc. A later workshop completes the process.

Create a Subcontract Purchase Order


Navigate to Purchase Order Entry.
Menu Path: Material Management > Purchase Management > General Operations > Purchase Order Entry
1. From the New menu, select New PO.
2. Navigate to the Header > Detail sheet.
3. In the Supplier field, search for and select Rainforest Painting Inc.
4. In the Ship Via field, select Local Truck.
5. In the FOB field, select Factory.
6. In the Buyer field, select House Account.
7. Click Save.

44

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Daily Job Management Processing

Add PO Line Details


1. From the New menu, select New Line.
The Lines > Detail sheet displays.
2. In the Buy For section, select Subcontract Operation.
3. In the Job field, enter the job number for part ML-1698-A36 and press Tab.
This job was created during the Workshop - Create a Make To Stock Job.
4. In the Asm field, verify 0 displays.
5. In the Operation field, select 70 OSVPA.
6. Click Save.
7. Navigate to the Summary sheet.
8. Select the Unapproved check box.
The Approved status displays.
9. Record the purchase order number________________.
10. Click Save and exit Purchase Order Entry.

Job Transaction Processing


This section of the course introduces a variety of common job processing transactions and the tools available in
the Epicor application to process a job. Each organization requires different processes for their unique business
requirements.

Issue Material
Use Issue Material to issue material from inventory to a job. This program issues material to a job one part at
a time. To issue the required parts to a job at once, use Mass Issues to Manufacturing.
When you issue material to a job, several events occur:
The IssuedQty and TotalCost values on the job material or assembly record update with the quantity issued
and the extended cost. Extended Cost is calculated as the issue quantity multiplied by the current inventory
Average, Standard, or Last unit cost (depending on the inventory costing method).
The On Hand quantity and the Allocated quantity for the part in the part master file are reduced by the
quantity issued.
A transaction history record is created for the part. The transaction type is STK-MTL (job material issue).
Important To use the Manufacturing Execution System (MES) to issue job material, the Advanced Material
Management (AMM) license must be installed in the Epicor application. Once you install this license, you
can define shop employees as Material Handlers in Shop Employee Maintenance; these users can then
issue or move material on the manufacturing center.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

45

Daily Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

An AMM license must also be installed for proper access to the To Warehouse and To Bin fields in Issue
Material. If it is not, warehouse and warehouse bin numbers display in each respective field, but the fields
themselves are disabled and cannot be accessed. When this occurs, an Issue Material error displays when
you attempt to save the transaction. To save the transaction and get rid of the error message, you can use
the following workaround procedure:
1.

Navigate to Resource Group Maintenance located in the Production Management > Job
Management > Setup folder.

2.

Search for and select a resource group.

3.

Verify the Detail sheet is active.


Note The Detail sheet contains three warehouse fields, labeled Input Warehouse, Output
Warehouse and Backflush Warehouse.

4.

Click into each warehouse field once; even if the field is empty and displays as disabled.

5.

Change another control or field in the group (for example, by populating a field or selecting a check
box).

6.

Click Save.

7.

Navigate to the Resources sheet and repeat steps 2 - 5 for each resource that displays in the sheet.
Remember to click Save after changing a resource, and moving on to the next one. Do this for each
listed resource, and resource group.
Note If you complete this workaround properly, the error message should no longer display
in Issue Material and the To Warehouse field still displays as disabled, but also as empty (no
value). You can then click Save to complete the transaction.

Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Material Management > Inventory Management > General Operations > Issue Material
Service Management > Maintenance Management > General Operations > Issue Material

Workshop - Issue Material to a Job


You can issue job material manually (one material at a time), or use the mass issue function to automatically issue
the materials to a job. This workshop demonstrates how to issue the material requirement for the job generated
for part number DCD-100-SP (Frame Rail).
Note You must have the Advanced Material Management module licenced to complete the following
workshop.
Navigate to Issue Material.
Menu Path: Material Management > Inventory Management > General Operations > Issue Material
1. In the Job field, enter the job created for DCD-100-SP in the Workshop - Create a New Job Using the
Order Job Wizard.
2. In the Assembly field, select 0.

46

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Daily Job Management Processing

3. In the Mtl field, select 10.


4. In the Quantity field, enter 25.
5. Click OK.
The Issue Material screen is now clear of the job details.
6. Exit Issue Material.

Pick List for Jobs


Use the Pick List for Jobs to list material requirements for the jobs selected. You can include both inventory and
purchased materials. Inventory materials are listed in a format useful for entering issue quantities directly on the
report.
The Pick List for Jobs is a shopping list of the materials that need to be issued to the job. The pick list assists
warehouse personnel in locating and physically pulling the parts job assemblies require. The efficient use of pick
lists can maximize the speed with which parts are selected to complete a job or job assembly.
Use the Selection sheet to select the report parameters. Use the Filter sheet(s) to select the specific records to
include on the report. For more information, refer to the Filters Overview topic in the Application Help.
Important For more information on how to review the status of a report you print, preview, or generate,
refer to the System Monitor Overview topic in the Application Help.
Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Material Management > Inventory Management > Reports > Job Pick List
Material Management > Shipping / Receiving > Reports > Job Pick List
Production Management > Job Management > Reports > Job Pick List

Mass Issues to Manufacturing


Use Mass Issues to Manufacturing to quickly issue the planned materials to a job, rather than enter each
transaction individually.
The main advantage of Mass Issue to Manufacturing is that it issues material to the subassemblies at the same
time. Part transactions generated through this program reduce inventory quantities and post material costs to
jobs. This program is useful if your material estimates are accurate.
After you select the parts listed in the Pick List for Jobs report, they can be issued from inventory to the job or
assembly that requires the material. You can do this line by line or with the mass issue function.
When jobs have several raw material requirements, you can use the mass issue function to expedite the issuing
process. The mass issue function works well with job materials not controlled by serial numbers. If the job calls
for lot-tracked or dimension-tracked material, select the appropriate lot number or dimension code when you
process the mass issue. You will receive prompt messages when you save the transaction.
Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Material Management > Inventory Management > General Operations > Mass Issue to Mfg
Service Management > Field Service > General Operations > Mass Issue to Mfg.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

47

Daily Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

Workshop - Mass Issue Job Material


You would like to mass issue materials used to make bracket ML-1698-A36 to the job at once. This workshop
demonstrates how to use the mass issue function to issue material requirements to a job.
Note Jobs created up to this point have single assembly parts. Primarily, the Mass Issue functionality is
used for multiple assembly parts. However, it also works with single assemblies as demonstrated in this
workshop.
Navigate to Mass Issue to Manufacturing.
Menu Path: Material Management > Inventory Management > General Operations > Mass Issue to Mfg
1. In the Job field, enter the job number created for part ML-1698-A36.
2. Click the Issue button to display a list of job materials.
The Issue > List sheet displays.
3. In the Qty Issued column field, enter 1.
4. Click the Issue All button.
Materials are issued from the primary bin and the primary warehouse.
5. In the Material section, scroll to the right to view the warehouse, bin, and the quantity being issued.
The warehouse, bin, and quantities can be changed, if needed.
6. Click OK.
Note Do not click Save.
In the tree view, expand the nodes and a clipboard icon with a check mark displays.

7. Exit Mass Issue to Manufacturing.

48

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Daily Job Management Processing

Report Labor
You can use two methods to report labor: the Manufacturing Execution System (MES) module or Time and
Expense Entry.

Manufacturing Execution System (MES) Menu


Use the Manufacturing Execution System (MES) interface to enter MES data. This interface is valuable for those
who want to perform inventory, quality, or data collection functions, as well as material movement.

This interface is designed for smaller workstations that are positioned at remote locations on the site floor, such
as on your forklifts. The interface uses a 640x480 pixel display, rather than the higher resolution display used for
your Epicor application. It is designed for bar code scanners and portable, roaming personal computers, though
it can be run from an ordinary workstation. This interface also automatically loads to your workstation memory.
When you launch MES, its interface loads in the background and the MES interface works faster on your screen.
For more information on the Autoload functionality, refer to the Favorites Bar - Autoload topic in the Application
Help.
You can set up a portable workstation network to take advantage of the MES Menu. For more information,
contact your Epicor sales representative.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

49

Daily Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

Specific Functions
The bottom area of the MES Menu contains five sheets - Production, Material, Shipping/Receiving, Service, and
Supervisor.
These sheets correspond with the role an employee is assigned in the Status section of Shop Employee (Payroll
Employee, Service Technician, Material Handler, Shop Supervisor, Shipping/Receiving, or Production Worker). A
shop employee has access to specific MES functions depending on their role defined in the Shop Employee file.

Workshop - Record Labor Using Data Collection


Data collection allows you to enter real time labor transactions, while work is being performed on the shop floor.
The Manufacturing Execution System (MES) is typically loaded on a machine that is set up in the shop area.
Employees can approach the screen, log in with his/her employee number, and then record their labor activities.
Your employee, James B Carville, is ready to use MES to report his labor activity for the first operation (SHEAR)
of the job created earlier in the Workshop - Create a Make To Stock Job for part ML-1698-A36.

Log into the MES


1. Minimize the Epicor application.
2. Double click the MES icon on your desktop.
the Log On window displays.
3. In the User name field, enter manager.
4. In the Password field, enter manager.
MES Menu displays.
5. In the Employee ID field, enter 100 to log in as James B. Carville and press Tab.
6. If the Select Shift message displays, click OK.

Start Setup Activity


1. Click Start Setup Activity.
2. In the Job field, enter the job number created for the part ML-1698-A36 and press Tab.
3. Enter the following information:
Field

Data

Assembly

Operation

10 (shear operation)

4. Click OK.
5. Click End Activity.
Time is recorded for Setup, Production, and Idle using MES. When an employee is not clocked into an activity,
the time between activities is recorded as Idle time.
6. In the Setup % Complete field, enter 100 and click OK.

50

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Daily Job Management Processing

Start Production Activity


1. Click the Start Production Activity button.
2. In the Job field, enter the job number created for part number ML-1698-A36 and press Tab.
3. In the Operation field, select 10 (shear operation).
4. Click OK.
5. Click the End Activity button to report production.
6. In the Current field, enter 100.
7. Click OK.
If the Warning message displays, click Yes.
Note The MES module records time in real time mode. Setup and production quantities are updated
in a very short period of time, and therefore, an Operation efficiency is over limit message can
display. This message asks the worker if they are sure the pieces and time are accurate. For the purpose
of this course, accept the message.

Record Other Operations


1. Repeat the steps listed in the Start Setup Activity and Start Production Activity tasks to record both
setup and production for the other operations.
Enter the following information:
Operation

Description

Setup

Quantity Produced (Current)

20

NOTCH

100

100

30

FORM

100

100

40

DEBUR

None

100

60

ASSEM

100

100

Note Operation 70 is a subcontract operation and is handled later in the course.

2. Click Clock Out to clock out for lunch.


3. Click Yes to confirm.
4. Exit MES Menu.

Time and Expense Entry


Use Time and Expense Entry to enter labor into the Epicor application from the Job Management module.
You can also enter labor directly from the site floor using the Data Collection module and the Manufacturing
Execution System (MES).

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

51

Daily Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

Important Use Time and Expense Entry, to change labor entered through Office Data Collection and the
MES. However, multiple breaks are deducted from pay time only if the time is entered through Office Data
Collection.
Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Time and Expense Entry
Service Management > Expense Management > General Operations > Time and Expense Entry
Service Management > Field Service > General Operations > Time and Expense Entry
Service Management > Maintenance Management > General Operations > Time and Expense Entry
Service Management > Project Management > General Operations > Time and Expense Entry
Service Management > Time Management > General Operations > Time and Expense Entry

Workshop - Record Labor Using Time and Expense Entry


Meanwhile, another employee, Linda K. Carter, uses Time and Expense Entry to enter her time against the job
operations for part ADD-200-S.

Enter Time and Attendance


Maximize the Epicor application.
Navigate to Time and Expense Entry.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Time and Expense Entry
1. In the Employee ID field, search for and select Linda K. Carter (106).
2. From the New menu, select New Time to add a new date.
3. In the Payroll Date field, enter the date two days before today.
Shift start and stop times, actual and adjusted clock in and clock out times, and the time deducted for lunch
display. If the employee did not work the total amount of the shift or worked overtime, change the Adjusted
Clock In or Adjusted Clock Out fields to reflect the actual amount of time worked.

Record Time for Setup


1. From the New menu, select New Time Detail to enter labor detail (setup) for operation 10 for the selected
employee.
The Time > Daily Time > Detail > Detail sheet displays.
2. In the Labor Type field, select Setup.
3. In the Job field, enter the job number created in the Workshop - Create a New Job Manually for part
ADD-200-S.
4. Enter the following information:

52

Field

Data

Operation

10 (MILL)

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Daily Job Management Processing

Field

Data

Setup % Complete

100

Clock In

08:00 AM

Clock Out

08:15 AM

When the clock out time is changed, labor hours and burden hours calculate the appropriate number of
hours from the time clock. If employees report they spent 1.00 hour on setup, enter 1.00 hour in the Labor
Hrs and Burden Hrs fields rather than using the Clock In and Clock Out time fields.
5. Click Save.
6. Click Submit.
Since Linda Carter is an employee with auto approve selected, her approval status changes to Approved.

Record Time and Quantity for Production


1. From the New menu, select New Time Detail to enter labor detail (production) for operation 10 for this
employee.
2. In the Labor Type field, verify Production displays.
3. In the Job field, search for and select the job created in the Workshop - Create a New Job Manually for
part ADD-200-S.
4. Enter the following information:
Field

Data

Operation

10 (MILL)

Labor Qty (pieces produced)

50

Clock In

08:16 AM

Clock Out

02:00 PM

5. Click Save.
6. Click Submit.

Record Time for Setup


1. From the New menu, select New Time Detail to enter labor detail (setup) for operation 20 for the selected
employee.
2. In the Labor Type field, select Setup.
3. In the Job field, enter the job number created in the Workshop - Create a New Job Manually for part
ADD-200-S.
4. Enter the following information:

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

53

Daily Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

Field

Data

Operation

20 (DRILL)

Setup % Complete

100

Clock In

02:01 PM

Clock Out

04:30 PM

5. Click Save.
6. Click Submit.

Record Time for Different Day


In this example, labor spans across two days and the job goes untouched for the night shift. Labor Entry is one
day behind and therefore, needs to start over.
1. From the New menu, select New Time.
2. In the Payroll Date field, enter yesterday's date.
3. From the New menu, select New Time Detail to enter labor detail (production) for operation 20 for this
employee.
4. Repeat the steps listed in the previous tasks of this workshop to enter setup, production, and quantities
against the job.
Enter the following information:
Operation Setup
Setup
Clock-In Time Clock-Out
Time

Production
Clock-In Time

Production
Clock-Out Time

Quantity
Produced

20

DRILL

Done

Done

08:00 AM

12:00 PM

40

30

DEBUR

12:01 PM

12:50 PM

12:51 PM

03:00 PM

40

40

SHIP

None

None

03:01 PM

06:00 PM

40

5. In the Labor section for the last operation, select the Opr Complete check box.
6. Click Submit and exit Time and Expense Entry.

Labor Edit Report


Use the Labor Edit Report to produce a list of the labor details reported through Time and Expense Entry in the
Job Management module or through the Data Collection module.
The Labor Edit Report provides current data about employee labor that is in process or is completed and entered
into the Epicor application.
The report details labor times and the production completed, as well as efficiency percentages and warnings
regarding the efficiency of the labor compared to the related operation. You can always generate this report

54

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Daily Job Management Processing

during the production process and provides a helpful snapshot of the labor activity within a given date range by
specific employees.
Use the Selection sheet to select the report parameters. Use the Filter sheet(s) to select the specific records to
include on the report. For more information, refer to the Filters Overview topic in the Application Help.
For technical information related to this report, review the Technical Notes section in the Application Help.
Important For more information on how to review the status of a report you print, preview, or generate,
refer to the System Monitor Overview topic in the Application Help.
Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Production Management > Job Management > Reports > Labor Edit

Workshop - Review the Labor Edit Report


Use the Labor Edit Report to review time entered through Time and Expense Entry or the Data Collection modules.
It displays labor entries by employee.
Navigate to the Labor Edit Report.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > Reports > Labor Edit
1. Navigate to the Filter > Employee sheet.
2. Click the Employee button, search for and select Linda K. Carter.
3. Navigate to the Selection sheet.
4. In the Begin Date field, enter the date two days before today.
5. In the End Date field, enter today's date.
6. Click Print Preview to review the report.
The report is sorted by employee ID. The date displays under the employee, indicating the clock in and clock
out times. The job information, including the specific operation IDs, displays along with the labor and burden
rates. Additionally, the report displays whether the reported labor was for setup or production (S/P), whether
the operation was completed (Cmp), and quantities reported. Finally, pertinent warning messages regarding
the labor efficiency display directly beneath each labor entry.
7. Close the report and exit the Labor Edit Report.

Complete the Subcontract Operation


Once the Purchasing Department generates the purchase order, the part or assembly must be shipped to the
supplier for the work to be done. After the subcontractor parts are made, they must be received back.
Use the Subcontract Status Report to view the parts or assemblies awaiting shipment to a supplier. Use
Subcontractor Shipment Entry to ship the product.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

55

Daily Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

Subcontractor Shipment Entry


Use Subcontractor Shipment Entry to enter shipments to subcontractor suppliers for Work in Process (WIP)
parts that require outside processing. By entering the shipment, you can process the part movement when they
are outside your site and track the material shipped to subcontractors.
Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Material Management > Shipping / Receiving > General Operations > Subcontractor Shipment Entry

Workshop - Complete the Subcontract Operation


You are ready to ship the bracket (ML-1698-A36) to the subcontractor, Rainforest Paints, for painting. This
workshop demonstrates how to ship a part or assembly to a supplier for the work to be done.

Generate a Subcontract Status Report


Navigate to the Subcontract Status Report.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > Reports > Subcontract Status
1. In the Due on or Before field, enter the date one month from today.
2. Verify the Planned Shipments option is selected.
3. Select the Print Transaction Details and Print Related Purchase Orders check boxes.
4. Click Print Preview to review the report.
5. Close the report and minimize the Subcontract Status Report.

Enter the Subcontractor Shipment


Navigate to Subcontractor Shipment Entry.
Menu Path: Material Management > Shipping / Receiving > General Operations > Subcontractor Shipment
Entry
1. From the New menu, select New Pack.
2. In the Supplier ID field, search for and select Rainforest Painting Inc.
3. In the Ship Via field, select Company Truck.
4. From the New menu, select New Line.
5. Navigate to the Lines > Detail sheet.
6. In the Job field, enter the job number for part ML-1698-A36.
7. In the Asm/Opr field, enter 0 and 70.
8. In the PO/Line/Rel field, verify the purchase order created earlier displays.

56

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Daily Job Management Processing

9. Click Save and exit Subcontractor Shipment Entry.

View the Subcontract Status Report


Maximize the Subcontract Status Report.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > Reports > Subcontract Status
1. In the Due on or Before field, enter the date one month from today.
2. Select the Planned Receipts option.
3. Select the Print Transaction Details and Print Related Purchase Orders check boxes.
4. Click Print Preview to review the report.
Note the transaction code MFG-VEN (shipment of manufacturing job to supplier) which indicates the part
was sent to the supplier. Once you enter the receipt, the transaction code PUR-SUB (purchase receipt to
subcontract) displays with the return date.
5. Close the preview window and exit the Subcontract Status Report.

Receipt Entry
Use Receipt Entry to enter the receipt of inventory and non-inventory materials and subcontract parts.
Important Use RMA Processing to receive parts returned by the customer.
Receipt line items are either purchase order receipts (recorded against a purchase order) or miscellaneous receipts
(material received that is not associated with a purchase order). Receipt information updates the purchase order
and creates transactions to update inventory or job quantities and costs.
You cannot update invoice receipts.
If the Quality Assurance module is enabled in your environment, use Inspection Processing to inspect parts
you receive.
Receipt entries can be saved to generate accounts payable invoice entries. Use the Modules > Finance > Accounts
Payable sheet within Company Configuration to indicate whether you want to save receipt entries for accounts
payable.
If you have the Document Management module installed, you can add Certificate of Compliance documents
to the receipt line.
Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Material Management > Shipping / Receiving > General Operations > Receipt Entry

Summary
Use the Summary sheet to enter the header information for the receipt. This information includes the pack
number, purchase order number, and supplier ID, if applicable.
Use one of the following sheets to enter the line item information for the receipt:
Stock - Use this sheet to create an inventory transaction (PUR-STK).

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

57

Daily Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

Job Material - Use this sheet to create a work-in-process (WIP) transaction (PUR-MFG).
Job Subcontract - Use this sheet to create a WIP transaction (PUR-SUB).
Other Material - Use this sheet to create an expense transaction (PUR-UNK).

Job Subcontract
Use the Job Subcontract sheets to enter the receipt of a subcontract operation to a job.
Use the Detail sheet to enter purchase order line receipts or miscellaneous receipts that are not associated with
a purchase order.
Use the Import sheet to enter the import details for the parts receipt.

Workshop - Receive Subcontracted Parts


The subcontractor, Rainforest Paints, has completed their work on the bracket (ML-1698-A36). This workshop
demonstrates how to receive subcontract parts back to inventory.
Navigate to Receipt Entry.
Menu Path: Material Management > Shipping / Receiving > General Operations > Receipt Entry
1. From the New menu, select New Receipt.
2. In the PO field, search for and select the purchase order (PO) number for the subcontract operation.
3. In the Packing Slip field, enter the PO number.
4. From the New menu, select New Job Subcontract Line.
If the information message displays, click OK.
5. In the Line field, enter 1 and press Tab.
6. Select the Line Received check box.
7. Click Save and exit Receipt Entry.

Backflush Materials
Backflushing materials refers to the automatic issue of materials.
The backflushing materials can occur at two different points:
When a quantity is reported against an operation and the prerequisites are met.
At job completion, when unissued material needs to be backflushed.
Backflushing at Quantity Reporting
Backflushing is a process where the Epicor application actually issues materials on your behalf. Backflushing is
dependent on labor reporting. When a labor quantity is reported against a related operation, material is issued
to the job at that quantity, to the parent operation.
Prerequisites
The part must be coded as backflush.

58

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Daily Job Management Processing

The part must have a primary warehouse and primary bin.


The material requirement must be attached to a job operation or have a related operation.
The operation must have a labor quantity reported against it.
Labor entry must be accurate and timely.
Serial number controlled, lot controlled, or dimensionally controlled inventory cannot be backflushed.
Advantages
Backflushing eliminates the need to manually issue material to each job operation where the material is
needed.
Backflushing takes the scrap factor into account when calculating the quantity used. The quantity required,
plus the scrap factor is backflushed, eliminating manual efforts to calculate scrap.
Common Mistakes
Situation

Result

The Backflush flag changes on a material while


transactions are in process.

This causes errors when you remove material from


inventory.

Material is issued and the Backflush flag is enabled


on a part.

This causes material to be issued twice.

The Backflush flag is changed on a part without


running a Where Used Report to determine the
impact on other assemblies.

This causes a lot of manual effort when you issue these


parts to jobs.

Substitute materials are used without informing the This causes the material called for on the job to decrease
Epicor application about the substitution.
while the substitute part does not decrease. Inventory is
incorrect for both parts.
Rework is not reported as rework.

This causes inventory to be reduced by the amount of


pieces reported even though no parts were consumed.

Labor reporting is not timely.

This causes parts to display in inventory even though they


have been consumed.

Backflushing at Job Completion or Job Closing


Backflushing at job completion or job closing is an unconditional backflush. Material does not need to be attached
to an operation and does not need to have the Backflush check box selected on the Part > Site > Detail sheet
in Part Maintenance for these parts to backflush.
Job completion is a task performed when the parts on a job are produced and the operations are completed.
Job completion should not be confused with job closing. Job completion removes a job from manufacturing and
places it in a queue for the Accounting Department as a candidate for closing. The Accounting Department closes
a job once costs are received and recorded.
Job completion performs two important tasks:
Remaining load capacity on the job is removed. The job clears from the job scheduling board.
Unused material is removed. Inventory or purchasing requirements clear.
Note When using this procedure, consider the following questions:
Were these parts actually used on this job? Perhaps they were not needed.
Has a cycle count been performed and the inventory corrected since they were pulled from stock?
Assumptions

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

59

Daily Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

There is an unstated assumption regarding backflushing that the amount of material used equals the standard
quantity called for on the job. This assumption is a result of the process the backflush follows. The Epicor application
relieves inventory for the quantity per called for on the material line.
Warning messages display before the backflush process begins. The Epicor application asks if you want to run
the backflush process. It also warns you if the complete quantity value is less than the planned production quantity.
Material issue quantity calculations are based on the complete quantity if the backflush process continues. Once
backflushing occurs, material records are considered issued complete. You cannot reverse the process, so verify
you are ready to run this process on the current job.
Note If you run a backflush error, use Quantity Adjustment to adjust inventory, job quantities, and costs.

Workshop - Verify Backflushing Activity


Backflush materials were added to the job created for part number ML-1698-A36. Labor was recorded against
the linked operation which triggers the Epicor application to backflush the parts. This activity is verified using the
Production Detail Report.
Navigate to the Production Detail Report.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > Reports > Production Detail
Tip The Production Detail report is also available from the Actions menu of Job Entry. It is also one of
the final reports that should be run at Job Completion.
1. In the Selection sheet, select the following check boxes:
Print Material Transactions
Print Material Cost Breakdown
Print Operation Transactions
Print Profitability Information
Consolidated Totals
Subtotal by Product Group
The Production Detail Report displays data based on the combination of print parameters and the filter
selected using the print screen.
2. Navigate to the Filter > Jobs sheet.
3. Click the Job button, search for and select the job created for part ML-1698-A36.
This job was created earlier in the Workshop - Create a Make To Stock Job.
4. Click Print Preview to review the report.
5. Close the preview window and exit the Production Detail Report.

Backflush Labor
The backflush labor feature addresses the needs of manufacturing where labor reporting is difficult to capture
or does not add value to the manufacturing process. This feature backflushes a predetermined amount of time
and quantity and the related costs, based on a quantity reported elsewhere.
A resource group has a designated Backflush Default Employee used in the labor detail. If this field is blank, the
employee that entered the manually entered transaction is included in the labor detail. In Data Collection, the

60

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Daily Job Management Processing

process is triggered at the end of the job activity. In the Advanced Material Management module, it is triggered
during the Report Quantity function.
Case Studies
Dalton has three jobs (Cases 1, 2, and 3 below), each with a different sequence of operations with different labor
types. The labor type setup determines what information you can manually enter.
Note Backflush operations need to be triggered by operations where at least quantity is manually entered.
For that reason, a backflush operation cannot be the last operation on a job, nor can it be the last operation
before a subcontract job. Unless a subsequent job operation has time or quantity manually entered, previous
backflush entries do not have time or quantity information.
Case 1
The operations are marked for backflush, except the last one. This is a cell, or production line, environment where
the team lead reports the quantity based on the final entry, and you determine the other entries from it.
The team member may, or may not, be clocked into the job.
Operation
Sequence

Labor Entry

Manually Entered System Determined

10

Backflush

No

Time and Qty, upon entry of Op 40

20

Backflush

No

Time and Qty, upon entry of Op 40

30

Backflush

No

Time and Qty, upon entry of Op 40

40

Qty Only

Quantity

Time, based on estimates

Case 2
Quantity is entered at each operation and time is accrued based on the estimate from the Job Operation record.
This is not a cell environment because material is moved between resource groups and a quantity is entered at
each step.
Operation
Sequence

Labor Entry

Manually Entered

System Determined

10

Qty Only

Quantity

Time, based on estimates

20

Qty Only

Quantity

Time, based on estimates

30

Qty Only

Quantity

Time, based on estimates

40

Qty Only

Quantity

Time, based on estimates

Case 3
Combination of the three labor types:
Operation sequence 10 is a prerequisite for 20. Preparation, movement, or cutting sequence 20 is targeted as
an operation where actual time reporting is important.
Operation sequence 30 is a prerequisite for 40, such as cleaning or painting. Operation sequence 40 is done by
indirect labor, so only a quantity is required.
Operation Sequence

Labor Entry

Manually Entered System Determined

10 (ex. Mtl movement)

Backflush

No

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Time and Quantity, upon entry of


Op 20

61

Daily Job Management Processing

Operation Sequence

Job Management Course

Labor Entry

Manually Entered System Determined

20 (milestone opr; previous step Time and Qty


must be completed)

Time and Quantity Accepts manual entry

30 (other non-milestone
operation)

Backflush

No

Time and Quantity, upon entry of


Op 40

40 (Assembly)

Qty Only

Quantity

Time, based on standard

Note that labor detail records cannot be modified if the operation is a backflush. The backflush operations above
are blocked from Data Collection.
Limitations
An operation cannot be backflushed if it is the last operation in an assembly or if it is followed by a subcontract
operation. Under either condition, no subsequent operation can trigger the quantities needed.
Neither indirect labor nor subcontract labor can be backflushed.
No machine data is recorded on backflush transactions.
Backflushing does not flow in parent-child relationships to subassemblies. To obtain this functionality, use
the phantom bill to design the bill of material (BOM).
Rework does not trigger backflush.
Material not marked as backflush is not backflushed, regardless of a link to an operation marked for backflush.
As a result, you can issue actual materials to a job.
Auto-receive is available for the Qty Only and Time and Quantity operations.
Efficiencies in Backflushing
Backflush and Quantity Only operations always have efficiencies of 100%.
Traditional shop efficiency is determined by estimated hours, divided by actual hours, based on the production
quantity. If a job operation is Quantity Only or Backflush, traditional shop efficiency does not apply.
To determine the efficiency of such operations, compare the actual hours spent in the resource group or department
to the number of hours backflushed. You need to create a report to perform this comparison. This comparison
yields a reliable efficiency if the operations for the job are of this labor type and if the entire job was processed
in the resource group or department.

Workshop - Backflush Labor


In this workshop, backflush labor against an existing employee record.

Create a Job
Navigate to Job Entry.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Job Entry
1. From the New menu, select New Job.
The New Job Number window displays.
2. Click Next Job to assign a job number.
3. Record the job number _________.

62

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Daily Job Management Processing

4. Click OK.
5. In the Part field, enter DSS-1000 and press Tab.
6. In the Req By field, enter the date two weeks from today.
7. From the New menu, select New Demand Link > Make To Stock.
The Job > Make to Stock > Detail sheet displays.
8. In the Quantity field, enter 10.
9. Click Save.
10. From the Actions menu, select Job > Get Details.
The Get Details window displays.
11. In the Revisions grid, select Rev A and click OK.

Define the Backflush Operation


1. From the tree view, expand the Operations node.
2. From the tree view, select Opr 10 (Assemble per print).
The Job Details > Operations > Detail sheet displays.
3. In the Labor Entry field, select Backflush.
4. Click Save.

Schedule and Release the Job


1. Navigate to the Job sheet.
2. Select the Engineered check box.
3. From the Actions menu, select Schedule > Job Scheduling.
4. Accept the default of Backward scheduling and click OK.
5. Select the Released check box.
6. Click Save.
7. Record the job number___________.
8. Exit Job Entry.

Report Labor
Navigate to Time and Expense Entry.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

63

Daily Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Time and Expense Entry
1. In the Employee ID field, search for and select James B. Carville (100).
2. From the New menu, select New Time Detail.
The Time > Daily Time > Detail > Detail sheet displays.
3. In the Job field, enter the job number recorded in the Schedule and Release the Job task and press Tab.
4. Enter the following information:
Field

Data

Operation

20

Labor Qty

10

Clock In

06:00 AM

Clock Out

09:00 AM

5. Click Save.
6. Click Submit.
The status changes to Approved.
7. Exit Time and Expense Entry.

Run Backflush Labor Server Process


In this task, execute the Run Backflush Labor Server Process.
Navigate to the Backflush Labor Server Process.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Backflush Labor Server Process
1. Clear the Continuous Processing check box.
2. In the Schedule field, verify Now displays.
3. On the Standard toolbar, click Submit.
The process may take up to one minute to complete.
4. Exit the Backflush Labor Server Process.

Review and Print Labor Transactions


Navigate to the Job Tracker.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Job Tracker
1. In the Job field, enter the job number you just created and press Tab.
2. In the tree view, expand the Operations node and select operation 10.

64

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Daily Job Management Processing

3. Navigate to the Job Details > Operations > Labor Transactions sheet.
4. Click the Retrieve button and review the information that displays.
5. Repeat step 2 for the rest of the operations.
6. From the Actions menu, select Print > Production Detail.
The Production Detail Report window displays.
7. Select the following check boxes:
Print Material Transactions
Print Material Cost Breakdown
Print Operation Transactions
8. Click Print Preview and review the costs for each operation.
9. Close the windows and exit the Job Tracker.

Complete and Close a Job


After the parts are produced on a job, the task of the Manufacturing Department is to complete the jobs and,
typically, the task of the Finance Department is to close the jobs. This is done with Job Completion/Closing
Maintenance. Once you close a job in this program, it is ready to be closed through the financial modules.
Job Completion
Manufacturing prints the Production Detail report to evaluate and make corrections necessary to labor or material
issues. The job is evaluated to determine if it was a winner or a loser and then, it can be completed. Forward
permanently changed process steps or material requirements to the Engineering Department so the method can
be updated. The Production Detail report is forwarded to the Finance Department with notation on issues
discovered.
Jobs available for completion display as Candidates in the Job Search/Job Filter when:
The last operation is complete.
A packer is created (non-stock part).
The top level part is moved to inventory.
The Epicor Application Response to Job Completion
When a job is marked as Complete, the following occurs:
Load is removed (scheduling).
Material requirements are removed (Material Requirements Planning and purchasing suggestions).
The cost is calculated based on the pieces completed.
The option to backflush unissued materials becomes available.
Job Closing
You can close a job in Job Completion/Closing Maintenance, but it is recommended that you complete and close
a job using separate processes. In general, Production personnel should complete jobs, and Accounting personnel

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

65

Daily Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

should close jobs. Estimates to actual are reviewed again, and required adjustments are made by Accounting or
Production Control.
Jobs should be closed only at month-end prior to executing the Capture COS/WIP Activity and only after:
Discrepancies are resolved.
Directly purchased materials have been invoiced. The following can be used to ensure this:
Received but not Invoiced Report
Work In Process Report
Part Tracker

Job Completion/Closing Maintenance


Use Job Completion/Closing Maintenance to both complete and close jobs. Once you close a job through
this program, it is then ready to be closed through the financial modules.
A complete job is one that has finished production but is still waiting for approval or additional costs. It can
still receive labor, material, shipping, invoices, and other transactions. If you complete a job, it removes
outstanding load for operations that are not complete and material allocations for materials that are not
issued complete. You can also make adjustments to the labor and material quantity and costs for the job. To
backflush the materials for the job, select the Backflush check box.
A closed job is completely finished and costed. You cannot post costs against it, but you can keep the job
record as long as you need to review it. Typically, the Accounting Department closes a job after its financial
transactions are audited. Closed jobs no longer display on various sheets and reports. They cannot be used
in transactions or adjustments either.
Example A job requires 15 steps. The 15th step was just completed, so the job is updated as completed.
However, an approval and testing process still must take place. This job is marked as complete but not
closed. The job is not closed until you select this status.
Another job requires no further action after assembly. Its last step is complete, so you update the job as
closed. It is automatically considered finished.
If for some reason the job is no longer considered complete or closed, you can clear the Complete and Closed
check boxes in this program to remove either status.
You can review, add, edit, or delete memos for the current job. To do this, select Memo from the Actions menu,
or click the Memo button on the Standard toolbar.
Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Job Closing

Workshop - Complete a Job


You are ready to complete the job for part ML-1698-A36.
Navigate to Job Completion/Closing Maintenance.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Job Closing
1. Click the Job button to initiate a search for jobs.
2. In the Job Search window, in the Job Filter field, select Candidate and click Search.

66

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Daily Job Management Processing

3. Select the job for part ML-1698-A36 and click OK.


This job was created earlier in the Workshop - Create a Make-to-Stock Job.
4. Verify the materials are issued and operations are complete.
5. Select the Complete check box.
To generate a final Production Detail report at the same time, select the Print Production Detail check
box.
6. Click Save.
The Production Detail Report window displays.
7. Click Print Preview to preview the report.
8. Close the preview window and close the Production Detail Report window.
9. Exit Job Completion/Closing Maintenance.

Auto Job Completion


The Epicor application allows you to automatically complete and close jobs based on specific parameters you
configure. You then set up both the Auto Job Completion Process and the Auto Job Closing Process to run
regularly on a schedule you select. Jobs that match the threshold criteria defined on the code are automatically
completed or closed through these processes. Jobs that are not complete or closed display in a log file located
on the server. The Job Completion Exception Tracker and the Job Closing Exception Tracker provide you with a
dashboard to identify and manage the exceptions.

Job Complete/Close Code Parameters Maintenance


Use Job Complete/Close Code Parameters Maintenance to create closing and completion codes for jobs.
These codes direct the Epicor application to automatically complete or close several jobs at once without further
review. This allows you to complete or close jobs by exception, as only jobs that do not fall within the threshold
of a specific code need to be reviewed.
Each threshold of a specific code is defined by material, operation, and subcontract criteria. You further define
this criteria through quantity and cost variance percentages.
Alternately, the code threshold can be set using a monetary threshold by entering a variance amount in the Job
Cost Under or Over field(s). Once closing codes are established, they can optionally be assigned to specific product
group(s). A code can also be set as the default, regardless of the product group.
Moreover, you can exclude Make Direct Jobs not shipped from processing by selecting corresponding check
boxes in the Make Direct Job Processing box group. By default the Epicor application processes the specified
jobs.
Implement Your Codes
When you create closing codes, you must select them on product groups. These product groups are assigned to
specific part records. Jobs that manufacture these parts can then be automatically completed or closed.
To do this, set up both the Auto Job Closing Process and the Auto Job Completion Process to run regularly on
a schedule you select. Jobs that match the threshold criteria defined on the code automatically complete or close
through these processes.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

67

Daily Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

Jobs not completed display on the Job Completion Exception Tracker. Likewise, jobs that were not closed display
on the Job Closing Exception Tracker. Use these trackers to determine why the job did not complete or close
properly. You can then open the job in Job Entry, or another related program, to correct the exception.
Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Production Management > Job Management > Setup > Job Complete/Close Parameters

Workshop - Define Job Completion Parameters


This workshop demonstrates how to set up the job complete/close parameters.

Create a Job Complete/Close Code


Create the job complete/close code for auto job completion.
Navigate to Job Complete/Close Parameters Maintenance.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > Setup > Job Complete/Close Parameters
1. Click New.
2. In the Code field, enter XXX10 (where XXX are your initials).
3. In the Description field, enter XXX Class Closing Parameters (where XXX are your initials).
4. Select the Job Completion and Job Closing check boxes.
5. For both Job Completion and Job Closing select the Default check boxes.
6. In the Qty Over and Under threshold fields for Material %, Operation %, and Subcontract %, enter
20.
7. Click Save and exit Job Complete/Close Parameters Maintenance.

Activate Parameters
After you define the parameters, you must activate them by attaching the parameters to one or more product
groups. A job for a manufactured part that carries a product group with the Job Complete/Close Parameter
becomes a candidate for automatic completion or closing.
The part number on the job to be completed is automatically ADD-200-S, which is a member of the Machined
Parts product group.
Navigate to Product Group Maintenance.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > Setup > Product Group
1. In the Group field, search for and select the Machine Building Parts product group.
2. In the Job Completion field, select XXX Class Closing Parameters (where XXX are your initials).
3. In the Job Closing field, select XXX Class Closing Parameters (where XXX are your initials).
4. Click Save and exit Product Group Maintenance.

68

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Daily Job Management Processing

Auto Job Completion Process


Use the Auto Job Completion Process to automatically complete jobs. A job that falls within the thresholds
defined on completion codes is automatically completed. A job that falls outside these thresholds fails to complete.
Jobs that were not completed display on the Job Completion Exception Tracker. Use this tracker to determine
why the job did not complete properly. You can then open the job in Job Entry, or another related program, to
correct the exception.
Note You create completion codes within Job Complete/Close Code Parameters Maintenance. You select
the completion codes to use on product groups.
To run this process:
Use this Selection sheet to select the parameters for the process.
Use the Filter sheet to select the sites to include on the process.
Important For more information on how to review the status of processes that you have run, refer to the
System Monitor topic in the Interface Navigation section of the Application Help.
Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Auto Job Completion Process

Workshop - Run the Auto Job Completion Process


Auto Job Completion Process is executed once the Auto Complete/Close Parameters have been defined and
attached to the product group. The process identifies candidates for completion or closing by looking at the
parameter definitions. If the candidates meet the threshold requirements, the jobs are automatically completed
or closed; if they do not, the jobs are listed as exceptions and do not complete or close. The results of the process
are viewed using the Job Complete/Close Exception Tracker, the Change Log, or both.
Navigate to Auto Job Completion Process.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Auto Job Completion Process
1. In the Log field, enter your initials.
This is used as the name of the log file generated from the process. The text file is written to the reports
folder for your user login on the server.
2. From the Standard toolbar, select Process.
3. Exit Auto Job Completion Process.

Workshop - View the Exception Log


The Epicor application generates a log file and places it out on the server as a .txt file.
Navigate to the exception log.
Menu Path: C:\EpicorData\Reports\Manager (or check with your administrator for the correct path for your
installation).
1. Double-click your log file.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

69

Daily Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

The log file name is <your initials>.txt.


2. Review the log file to see both the exceptions and the completed jobs as a result of the Auto Job Completion
Process execution.
3. Close the log file.

Job Completion Exception Tracker


The Job Completion Exception Tracker displays information about job records that did not complete through
the Auto Job Completion Process. This enables you to review why the job did not complete and figure out how
to resolve this job completion exception
Use the Job Completion Exception Tracker to review job exceptions in a dashboard format. This includes information
such as exception jobs, operations, subcontract operations, and materials. You cannot add or edit records in this
tracker.
Before you use a tracker, you should review the Tracker Overview topic in the Application Help to learn about
its general program functionality. The overview topic explains the tracker interface, as well as how to best search
for specific records. The topic also contains definitions of concepts and terms.

Job Closing Exception Tracker


The Job Closing Exception Tracker displays information about job records that did not close through the Auto
Job Closing Process. This enables you to review why the job did not close and figure out how to resolve this job
close exception.
Use the Job Closing Exception Tracker to review these job exceptions in a dashboard format. This includes
information such as exception jobs, operations, subcontract operations, and materials. You cannot add or edit
records in this tracker.
Before you use a tracker, you should review the Tracker Overview topic in the Application Help to learn about
its general program functionality. The overview topic explains the tracker interface, as well as how to best search
for specific records. The topic also contains definitions of concepts and terms.

Reports
The following section reviews some of the Epicor application reports available in the Job Management module
that were not mentioned in other topics.
Employee Efficiency Report
The Employee Efficiency Report summarizes labor details. You can filter this report by departments, employees,
or both. This report only displays labor data for the dates you select.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > Reports > Employee Efficiency
Job Status Report
Use the Job Status Report to review open jobs within the selection parameters you specify. Use this report to
identify potential problem jobs, and as a summary of current job activity.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > Reports > Job Status
Priority Dispatch Report

70

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Daily Job Management Processing

Use the Priority Dispatch Report to communicate the work schedule to the shop floor employees. The report
displays the jobs on which shop employees are to work during the day. Typically, you print this report to display
one page for each resource group. Each page is either provided to the shop supervisor for that group or posted
within the work area. Filtering options for this report include by: department, resource group, region (Current
Work, Available Work, and Expected Work), start, date, time, and operation sequence.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > Reports > Priority Dispatch
Cut Lists Report
Use the Cut Lists Report to list the materials that are related to operations within a particular date range.
This report displays the default warehouse on the job material record, the on-hand quantity in the bin, and
whether the material is directly purchased to the job or issued from the warehouse.
You can display job material and job operation comments as well as insert a page break by part.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > Reports > Cut List
Part/Lot Where Used Report
Use the Part/Lot Where Used Report to produce a list of job bills of material (BOX) that use the specified part
and lot.
When you research a lot-controlled part sold to customers, this report shows to which customers a lot-controlled
part may have been shipped.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > Reports > Part/Lot Where Used
Shop Load Report
The Shop Load Report prints the load hours for each operation that is scheduled in each Resource Group.
Load hours are calculated by adding the Setup Load and the Production Load for each operation.
Load Hours = Setup Load + Production Load
This report provides a tool to monitor overload conditions. It can be run by week or day, in summary or in detail.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > Reports > Shop Load
Resource Group Efficiency Report
Use the Resource Group Efficiency Report to produce a report that summarizes labor efficiency by resource
group for the specified time period.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > Reports > Resource Group Efficiency

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

71

Specialized Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

Specialized Job Management Processing


This section of the course discusses special job management capabilities of the Epicor application.
Auto Job Firm Process - Run this process to change unfirm jobs generated through MFP to firm jobs.
Auto Job Release Process - Run this process to indicate which firm jobs are within the process parameters
to be released.
Production Planner Workbench - Displays information about material shortages of selected jobs in a
dashboard format.
Make To Job - Use this demand link to increase or enter a manufactured quantity required for another job.
Job Receipt to Job - Use to enter the receipt of manufactured parts to another job.
Job Receipt to Inventory - Use to enter the receipt of manufactured parts into inventory.

Auto Job Firm Process


Run the Auto Job Firm process to automatically change unfirm jobs generated through Material Requirements
Planning (MRP) to firm jobs. These firm jobs are available for review by your production planners.
The Auto Firm Process established the criteria for the job status to be set to firm. This process performs two main
tasks:
The process enables jobs to be firmed on a schedule that runs during off peak times.
The process saves you from manually having to firm jobs and wait for the system to complete the request.
Use the Scheduled Job Start Dates parameters to identify the time period for which you want to firm jobs.
Jobs that have scheduled start dates within the defined time period are defined as firm. You can then indicate
whether these jobs are included in a mass print.
Through the same process the firming logic allows you to break off plan as assembly and sub assemblies into
there own jobs when the primary job is set as firm.
Note Only subassemblies selected as stocked parts can be auto firmed without the parent.
The Auto Job Release process criteria can be further limited by sites, product groups, planners, and parts.
Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Auto Job Firm Process

72

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Specialized Job Management Processing

Auto Job Release Process


Run the Auto Job Release process to automatically indicate which firm jobs are within the process parameters
to be released. These jobs are then available for your manufacturing center and production can begin.
Use the Schedule Job Start Date parameters to identify the time period for which you want to release jobs.
Jobs with scheduled start dates within this time period are defined as released. You can indicate whether these
released jobs are included in a mass print.
You can further limit the Auto Job Release process criteria by sites, product groups, planners, and parts.
Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Auto Job Release

Production Planner Workbench


The Production Planner Workbench displays information about material shortages of selected jobs in a
dashboard format. This dashboard is valuable for viewing information about multiple jobs at once. You cannot
add or edit records in this tracker.
Although this information is already available in each job, this overview provides the job planner with a tool to
quickly gather information for multiple jobs at once.
In the Production Planner Workbench, select one or more jobs, parts, or product groups for material shortage
review. For each job material from each selected job, the Epicor application compares the required quantity with
the available quantity. If the available quantity is less than the required quantity, the application expects and
displays a shortage of material. This information is useful for determining which jobs to reschedule and allows
you to request materials to resolve the shortage. Note that the Consumed quantity field that displays the
consumed quantity per component is the sum of the required quantities of the other job materials with the same
part number.
Note For more information on trackers, review the Tracker Overview topic in the Application Help. The
overview topic explains the tracker interface, as well as how to best search for specific records. The topic
also contains definitions of concepts and terms.
Note For more information on dashboards and dashboard capabilities, review the Dashboard overview
topic in the Application Help. This topic contains links to other dashboard topics that explain how to
personalize and customize dashboards.
Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Production Planning Process

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

73

Specialized Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

Make To Job
Use the Make To Job demand link to increase or enter a manufactured quantity required for another job.
Example A job exists to make a parent assembly with a requirement for a stocked manufactured part
pulled as a material. Inventory records indicate the manufactured part is below its minimum on-hand. The
planner adds a Make To Job demand link to the parent job that matches the quantity of the manufactured
part to meet both the original demand and inventory requirements.

Workshop - Create a Job Linked to Another Job


In this workshop, create a job to manufacture items received to a parent job.

Duplicate a Sales Order and Create a Parent Job


In this workshop, duplicate sales order 5067 and create a job similar to 2066.
Navigate to Sales Order Entry.
Menu Path: Sales Management > Order Management > General Operations > Order Entry
Tip The CRM menu path is: Customer Relationship Management > Order Management > General
Operations > Order Entry
1. In the Sales Order field, enter 5067 and press Tab.
2. From the Actions menu, select Order > Copy Order.
The Copy Order window displays.
3. Accept the defaults and click OK.
4. Record the sales order number __________.
5. In the Need By field, select the date two weeks from today.
6. In the Ship By field, select the date two days before the Need By date.
7. Click Save.
8. To the You have changed the following fields, click Yes.
9. From the Actions menu, select Order Job Wizard.
The Order Job Wizard displays.
10. In the Order Lines pane, for part DSS-1000, select the following check boxes:
Create Job
Get Details
Schedule Job
Release Job

74

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Specialized Job Management Processing

11. Click the Create Jobs button.


This action creates a job for the second line of the sales order for part DSS-1000.
12. In the Releases pane, in the Job column, record the job number ___________.
You may need to use the scroll bar to find the Job column in the pane.
13. Click Save.
14. Exit Order job Wizard and Sales Order Entry.

Make the Part Direct


Navigate to Job Entry.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Job Entry
1. In the Job field, enter the job you created in the previous task Duplicate a Sales Order and Create a
Parent Job.
This job is similar to job number 2066.
2. In the tree view, expand the Materials node to review material requirements for the job.
3. In the tree view, select part DSS-1020.
The Job Details > Materials > Detail sheet displays.
4. In the From Location pane, select the Make Direct check box.
5. Navigate to the Job sheet.
6. In the Req By field, enter the date two weeks from today.
7. From the Actions menu, select Schedule > Job Scheduling.
8. Verify the Start Date and Due Date fields are correct and click OK.
9. Click Save and exit Job Entry.

Create a Child Job


In this workshop, create the child job for part DSS-1020.
Navigate to the Planning Workbench.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Planning Workbench
1. Click the Select button to search for job suggestions.
The Planning Workbench Search window displays.
2. In the Status field, select New and click Search.
3. Select the new requirement for part DSS-1020 and click OK.
4. Click the Create Job button.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

75

Specialized Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

5. Click Next Job to assign a job number.


6. Record the job number____________.
7. Select the following check boxes:
Get Details
Schedule
Release
8. Click the Create Job button.
The Epicor application opens Job Entry with the new job details for part DSS-1020.
9. Exit the Planning Workbench.

Create Make To Stock Demand


Navigate to Job Entry.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Job Entry
1. In the Job sheet, navigate to the Make to Job > Detail sheet.
2. Review the following information for this job.
Quantity
Demand Link
Note On the Make to Job sheet, the parent job number displays in the Job Number field. This is
the Demand Link number.
The new job, created by the Planning Workbench, has a Make To Job demand link pointing to the
parent job for the demand quantity. The schedule created when the job was created matches the due
date for the parent job.

3. From the New menu, select New Demand Link > Make to Stock.
4. In the Quantity field, enter 850.
5. Click Save.

Schedule the Job


1. From the Actions menu, select Schedule > Job Scheduling.
2. Accept the defaults, and click OK.
3. Click Save and exit Job Entry.

76

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Specialized Job Management Processing

Job Receipt to Job


Use Job Receipt to Job to enter the receipt of manufactured parts to another job.
After the receipt is completed, the Job Tracker view of the parent job displays a transaction code of MFG-WIP
manufacturing receipt to job.
If you use the Advanced Production module, you can receive multiple part quantities from the same job. The
Part field is active, so you can select the part you want to receive. The parts manufactured on the current batch
or multi-part job are available; the primary part defaults. For more information, refer to the Advanced Production
Module topic in the Application Help.
Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Material Management > Inventory Management > General Operations > Job Receipt to Job

Job Receipt to Inventory


Use Job Receipt to Inventory to enter the receipt of manufactured parts into inventory.
After the receipt is completed, the Job Tracker view of the parent job displays a transaction code of MFG-STK
manufacturing receipt to stock.
When you receive manufactured parts to inventory, several events occur. The on-hand quantity for the part in
the part master file is updated, and the costs are updated. Also, a transaction history record with the job reference
is created for the part.
You do not have to receive parts to inventory before you ship them; you can ship directly out of Work in Process
(WIP). Only receive items to inventory if you are building standard products, or if you have overruns or spares
that you are not able to ship right away.
Tip If you use the Advanced Production module, you can receive multiple part quantities from the same
job. The Part field is active, so you can select the part you want to receive. The parts manufactured on the
current batch or multi-part job are available; the primary part defaults. For more information, refer to the
Advanced Production Module topic in the Application Help.
If you use the Advanced Material Management module, at least one operation on the job assembly is
required to determine the WIP warehouse and bin for the receipt. For information about multi-site logic
as it pertains to this program, refer to the Job Receipt to Inventory - Multi-site Logic topic in the Application
Help.
Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Material Management > Data Collection > Handheld > Material Handling > Job Receipt to Inventory
Production Management > Data Collection > Handheld > Material Handling > Job Receipt to Inventory
Important This program is not available in the Epicor Web Access.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

77

Specialized Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

Workshop - Issue Material and Record Labor


You must complete a job before parts can be received and issue materials to the job before production can begin.

Issue Materials
Navigate to Mass Issues to Manufacturing.
Menu Path: Material Management > Inventory Management > General Operations > Mass Issue to Mfg
1. In the Job field, enter the child job number you created for part DSS-1020 and press Tab.
2. Select the Include Subassemblies check box.
3. Click the Issue button.
4. Navigate to the Issue > Detail sheet.
5. In the Quantity field, enter 1,150.00.
6. Navigate to the Issue > List sheet.
7. Click Issue All.
8. Click OK.
9. Exit Mass Issues to Manufacturing.
Now that materials are issued to the job, you can complete the operations by reporting labor.

Record Time and Quantity for Operations


Navigate to Time and Expense Entry.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Time and Expense Entry
1. In the Employee field, enter 197 (John J. Lewis) and press Tab.
2. From the New menu, select New Time Detail.
3. In the Labor Type field, verify Production displays.
4. In the Job field, search for and select the child job number created earlier.
5. Enter the following information:

78

Field

Data

Operation

10 (SAW)

Labor Qty (pieces produced)

1,150.00

Clock In

08:00 AM

Clock Out

11:00 AM

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Specialized Job Management Processing

6. Click Save.
7. Click Submit.
8. Repeat steps 2-7 above to enter production and quantities against the job.
Operation

Description

Production Clock-In
Time

Production Clock-Out
Time

Labor Qty

20

DRILL

11:01 AM

06:00 PM

1,150

30

PREP

06:01 PM

08:00 PM

1,150

40

PTP

08:01 PM

11:30 PM

1,150

9. Exit Time and Expense Entry.

Workshop - Receive Job


The parent job holds the quantity and costs for the Make To Job or Make To Stock demand link. Receiving
transactions move the quantity and the costs to the appropriate location(s). This workshop reviews the mass issue
process and demonstrates the receipt process for both the Make To Job and the Make To Stock demand links.

Receive the Make To Job Demand


Navigate to Job Receipt To Job.
Menu Path: Material Management > Inventory Management > General Operations > Job Receipt to Job
1. In the From Job field, enter the job number for the child job created earlier and press Tab.
The linked parent job defaults in the To Job field.
2. In the Quantity field, enter 45.
3. Click OK.
4. Exit Job Receipt to Job.

Receive the Make To Stock Demand


Navigate to Job Receipt to Inventory.
Menu Path: Material Management > Inventory Management > General Operations > Job Receipt to Inventory
1. In the From Job field, enter the job number for the child job created earlier and press Tab.
The default inventory details populate based on the part number on the job.
2. In the Quantity field, enter 1,105.
3. Click OK.
4. Exit Job Receipt to Inventory.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

79

Specialized Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

Job Cost Adjustments


Use Job Cost Adjustments to make specific changes to a jobs labor, material, or subcontract records. For most
fields in this program, enter values that are then added to the current values on the job. Both positive and negative
adjustments can be entered.
Tip This program is useful when you first install the Jobs module. It lets you enter the costs to date on the
current jobs you have in progress.
Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Job Adjustment

Co-Parts
If you have the Advanced Production module installed, you can set up a single job to manufacture multiple
end part quantities. Job Entry provides the functionality to add additional co-parts, which you can then define
on the Job > Co-Parts sheet. Use this sheet to determine how many additional parts are created when a primary
part is manufactured.
Example A manufacturer makes upholstered office chairs. They manufacture several different sized chair
backs which use the same fabric. In this scenario, you can enter a single job that creates two different parts
on one job operation (stamping the material into two different sizes).
When you create a multi-part job in Job Entry, you first must select a primary part. This part defines the product
group, production standard, and other key information for the job.
After you select a primary part, the New menu has an additional active option on its menu, New Co-Part. When
you select this option, the fields on the Co-Parts sheet become available. You can then define additional part
quantities manufactured within this multi-part job.
Use the Co-Parts sheet to enter multiple parts manufactured through the current job. On this sheet you can
establish the yield per quantity of the co-parts and their costing ratios. You can also select the Prevent
Suggestions check box to prevent Material Requirements Planning (MRP) from creating job suggestions for the
specified co-part.
Note Refer to the MRP Technical Reference Guide for more information on the Prevent Suggestions
modifier.
The Time and Expense Entry interface and the Manufacturing Execution System (MES) interface each have
a Co-Parts sheet. This enables shop floor employees to indicate the part quantities produced on the multi-part
or batch job. This additional sheet allows the Epicor application to calculate the labor cost of producing each
part quantity manufactured on the job.
Note For more information on Co-Parts functionality, refer to the Advanced Production Management
course.

80

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Specialized Job Management Processing

Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Job Entry
Service Management > Expense Management > General Operations > Job Entry
Service Management > Field Service > General Operations > Service Job Entry
Service Management > Project Management > General Operations > Job Entry
Service Management > Time Management > General Operations > Job Entry

Shop Communication Tools


The Epicor application includes several options for shop floor communication including shop warnings and global
alerts. These tools are created, activated, and assigned to a person or a group. Certain events in the application
trigger the execution process.
Alert groups and production teams use shop warnings, global alerts, and person records. They link a group of
people to a specific job, which allows these selected people to receive email alerts when certain events occur on
that job.

Alert Group Maintenance


Use Alert Group Maintenance to set up groups of users who receive a notification from the Epicor application
when an event takes place. The events are predefined as global alerts or shop warnings, and occurrence of one
of these events notifies everyone in the group in which this alert is assigned.
Note When you set up users, you can assign users to alert groups.

Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Production Management > Job Management > Setup > Alert Group

Workshop - Create an Alert Group


In this workshop, create a new alert group record.
Navigate to Alert Group Maintenance.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > Setup > Alert Group
1. Click New.
2. In the Group field, enter XXX (where XXX are your initials).
3. In the Description field, enter XXX Scheduling (where XXX are your initials).
4. Remain in Alert Group Maintenance for the next workshop.
Note Do not click Save at this point. To save an alert group, you must add at least one alert; otherwise,
you receive an error message. Alerts are added in the next workshop.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

81

Specialized Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

Global Alert Maintenance


Use Global Alert Maintenance to both activate and adjust the standard global alerts that ship with the
application. Global alerts are messages that can be automatically sent out to pre-defined recipients when certain
events occur within the database. Global alerts are an excellent communication tool that help individuals within
your organization keep up-to-date on current business activity.
Standard global alerts are pre-defined in your Epicor application. As shipped, none of the alerts are activated.
You must activate each global alert you want to use. An active standard global alert writes alerts to the AlertQue
table in the application database. To enable email alert messages, you must set up and activate a supporting
Business Process Management (BPM) data directive that monitors the AlertQue table and sends alert email
messages whenever a row is added to the table. Since all standard global alerts write to AlertQue, this BPM data
directive, once set up and activated, will send email messages for all active standard global alerts that have the
send alert option enabled in Global Alert Maintenance.
Example An employee decides to place a sales order on hold. You enable a standard global alert that
tracks changes in order hold status and configure it to create an application memo and to send an email
to the members of the sales staff that are associated with the sales order.
When the standard global alerts that ship with the application do not match your monitoring requirements, you
can create custom global alerts through Business Process Management. Custom global alerts are BPM data
directives that define which table/column to monitor, the table condition that will trigger an alert, who receives
alert email messages, and the template for the alert email. Custom global alerts are independent of the Global
Alert Maintenance program.
Email alert messages for both standard and custom global alerts can be configured to include a shortcut.sysconfig
file that the message recipient can use to launch the Epicor application and display the record that triggered the
alert.
Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Financial Management > Accounts Payable > Setup > Global Alert
Financial Management > Accounts Receivable > Setup > Global Alert
Production Management > Job Management > Setup > Global Alert
Production Management > Quality Assurance > Setup > Global Alert
Sales Management > Customer Relationship Management > Setup > Global Alert
Sales Management > Order Management > Setup > Global Alert
Sales Management > Quote Management > Setup > Global Alert
For CRM users, the Main Menu appears as:
Customer Relationship Management > Sales and Marketing Management > Setup > Global Alert
Customer Relationship Management > Order Management > Setup > Global Alert
Customer Relationship Management > Quote Management > Setup > Global Alert

Workshop - Set Up Global Alerts


This workshop demonstrates how to assign and activate global alerts.

Assign Global Alerts to an Alert Group


Verify you are in Alert Group Maintenance.

82

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Specialized Job Management Processing

Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > Setup > Alert Group
1. In the Available Global Alerts pane, select the Job released status has changed alert and click the right
arrow button to move this alert to the Selected Global Alerts pane.
2. In the Available Global Alerts pane, select the Material has been received complete alert and click the
right arrow button to move this alert to the Selected Global Alerts pane.
3. Click Save and exit Alert Group Maintenance.

Activate Global Alerts


You must activate the selected global alerts before they can be sent.
Navigate to Global Alert Maintenance.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > Setup > Global Alert
Important If an alert(s) is marked as active in the Epicor application, use this workshop as a review or
verification of the activation.
1. In the ID field, search for and select global alert 1170 - Job released status has changed.
2. In the Options section, verify or select the following check boxes:
Active
Create Memo
Send Alert
3. Click Save.
4. Repeat the steps above to activate the 1140 - Material has been received complete alert.
5. Click Save and exit Global Alert Maintenance.

Shop Warning Maintenance


Shop Warning Maintenance displays in various locations throughout the Epicor application. These warnings
display when certain conditions exist or certain events occur. They are intended to keep supervisors informed of
a job status or the performance of an employee.
You cannot add or delete your own shop warning messages. Instead, a number of predefined warnings are
included in the application to inform you of a variety of critical events. Use Shop Warning Maintenance to
activate and configure the predefined warnings.
Note These warnings only display if you have indicated that you want to use labor warnings in the company
configuration for the Data Collection module.
Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Material Management > Data Collection > Setup > Shop Warning
Production Management > Data Collection > Setup > Shop Warning
Production Management > Job Management > Setup > Shop Warning

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

83

Specialized Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

Workshop - Set Up Shop Warnings


This workshop demonstrates how to assign and activate shop warnings.

Assign Shop Warnings to an Alert Group


Navigate to Alert Group Maintenance.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > Setup > Alert Group
1. In the Group field, enter XXX (where XXX are your initials) and press Tab.
2. In the Available Shop Warnings pane, select Operation is behind schedule and click the right arrow
button to move this warning to the Selected Shop Warnings pane.
3. In the Available Shop Warnings pane, select Operation is over estimate and click the right arrow button
to move this warning to the Selected Shop Warnings pane.
4. In the Available Shop Warnings pane, select Operation efficiency % is under limit and click the right
arrow button to move this warning to the Selected Shop Warnings pane.
5. Click Save and exit Alert Group Maintenance.

Activate Shop Warnings


Navigate to Shop Warning Maintenance.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > Setup > Shop Warning
Tip If a shop warning(s) is marked as active in the Epicor application, use this workshop as a review or
verification of the activation process.
1. In the Code field, search for and select shop warning 50 Operation is behind schedule.
2. In the Variance Alert section, select or verify the Send Alert check box is selected.
3. Click Save.
4. Repeat the steps above to activate the following shop warnings:
90 - Operation is over estimate
160 - Operation efficiency % is under limit
5. Click Save and exit Shop Warning Maintenance.

84

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Specialized Job Management Processing

Recipients
Use Person Maintenance to set up person records and use Production Team Maintenance to assign people
to production teams. You can then associate these production teams with specific jobs, and the people on those
teams receive email alerts whenever events occur on those jobs.

Person Maintenance
Use Person Maintenance to link individuals with specific production-related global alerts and shop warnings.
Each person record can be linked to alert groups, allowing these individuals to automatically receive email alerts
whenever certain events occur on jobs.
Note To assign people to production teams, use Production Team Maintenance. For more information on
production teams usage, refer to the Production Team Maintenance topic in the Application Help.
Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Material Management > Supplier Relationship Management > Setup > Person
Production Management > Job Management > Setup > Person
Sales Management > Order Management > Setup > Person
For CRM users, the Main Menu appears as:
Customer Relationship Management > Order Management > Setup > Person

Workshop - Set Up a Person Record


Now that the alerts are active, you can create a person record using Person Maintenance. This person becomes
the designated alert recipient of active global alerts and shop warnings.

Create a Person Record


Navigate to Person Maintenance.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > Setup > Person
1. Click New.
2. In the Person field, enter your initials.
3. In the Name field, enter your full name.
4. In the Email field, enter your email address.

Assign the Person to an Alert Group


1. From the Available list, select the XXX Scheduling (where XXX are your initials) alert group.
2. Click the right arrow button to move the selected alert group to the Selected list.
3. Click Save and exit Person Maintenance.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

85

Specialized Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

Production Team Maintenance


Use Production Team Maintenance to direct global alerts to specific teams. Production teams are used in
conjunction with global alerts, alert groups, and people. If you associate a production team with a job in Job
Entry, members of that team can automatically receive emails when certain events occur on that job.
Menu Path
Navigate to this program from the Main Menu:
Production Management > Job Management > Setup > Production Team

Workshop - Associate the Person with a Production Team


Now that the person record is set up, you can associate that person with an appropriate production team.
Navigate to Production Team Maintenance.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > Setup > Production Team
1. In the Team field, search for and select Team A.
2. From the Available (Active) person list, select your name.
3. Click the right arrow button to move this person to the Selected person list pane.
4. Click Save.
5. Repeat the steps above to add yourself to Team B.
6. Click Save and exit Production Team Maintenance.

Alerts Activation
Use Job Entry to activate alerts for a job.
Select a production team on a job header. The production team associated with a job creates the default person
list for that job. You can modify this list for a specific job on the People sheet and add or remove people.
When an event occurs on a job that triggers a shop warning or a global alert, the Epicor application automatically
sends an email to everyone on the People list who are assigned to alert groups that use that shop warning or
global alert.

Workshop - Initiate the Alert for the Job


This workshop demonstrates how to activate and execute shop communication tools.
Navigate to Job Entry.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Job Entry
1. In the Job field, enter the job number created in the Workshop - Quick Job Entry (for part SN-1020) and
press Tab.
2. In the Prod Team field, select Team A.

86

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Specialized Job Management Processing

3. Click Save.
4. On the Standard toolbar, click Memo to view the alert message created.
Note Your training PC may not be set up with email so an email alert cannot be sent.

5. Close Memo Entry and exit Job Entry.

Job Management Trackers


A tracker is a read-only view of programs in the application. This section focuses on the trackers useful to Job
Management that were not mentioned in other topics.
Job Tracker
Use the Job Tracker to review current information about a selected job record such as demand links, operations,
and materials.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Job Tracker
Part Tracker
Use the Part Tracker to access current information on parts in the database. This includes information such as
revisions, on-hand quantities, costs, locations, inspections, and planning data.
You can use the Part Search feature to pull multiple part records into the Part Tracker. The tracker displays only
one part at a time. You cannot add or edit records in this tracker.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Part Tracker
Purchase Order Tracker
Use the Purchase Order Tracker to research details regarding a purchase order.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Purchase Order Tracker
Lot Tracker
Use the Lot Tracker to review information regarding lot-tracked part records.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Lot Tracker
Serial Number Tracker
Use the Serial Number Tracker to review information regarding serial-tracked part records including the serial
number status, location, and serial-tracked transactions.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Serial Number Tracker
Shop Tracker
Use the Shop Tracker to review current information about shop activity. This includes information on resources,
labor, activity, and shop warnings.
Production Activity Tracker
Use the Production Activity Tracker to review current (real-time) information regarding production activity on
the site floor. Information provided in this tracker includes the production activity estimates verses actuals, resource
group, activity plan, approval status, period details, and labor details.
Production Activity Summary Tracker

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

87

Specialized Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

Use the Production Activity Summary Tracker to review the production activity detail by resource group to
department, and site by day or period.

Workshop - Use the Job Tracker


This workshop demonstrates how to use the Job Tracker.
Navigate to the Job Tracker.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Job Tracker
1. In the Job field, enter the job number you created for part ML-1698-A36.
2. In the tree view, expand the Materials node to review the materials for the job.
3. In the tree view, expand the Operations node to review the operations for the job.
4. In the tree view, select the first operation, and review the Job Details > Operations > Detail sheet.
5. Select the Job Details > Operations > Labor Transactions sheet and click the Retrieve button to display
the labor transactions entered against the job.
6. In the tree view, select the first material, and review the Job Details > Materials > Detail sheet.
7. Select the Job Details > Materials > Material Transactions sheet and click the Retrieve button to review
the list of transactions for this material on the job.
8. Exit the Job Tracker.

Workshop - Use the Part Tracker


This workshop demonstrates how to use the Part Tracker.
Navigate to the Part Tracker.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Part Tracker
1. Click the Part button.
The Part Search window displays.
2. In the Starting At field, enter 1032 and click Search.
3. In the Search Results grid, select part 1032KNUT and click OK.
4. Navigate to the On Hand > Warehouses sheet.
5. In the Warehouses grid, review the on-hand quantities.
6. Navigate to the On Hand > Bins sheet and click the Retrieve button to display information by warehouse
and by bin.
7. Navigate to the General > Part sheet.
8. Right-click the Part field, and select Open With > Time Phase to retrieve the detail information.
The Time Phase Inquiry window displays.

88

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Specialized Job Management Processing

9. Review the information and close the Time Phase Inquiry window.
10. Right-click the Part field and select Open With to review additional available programs accessible from the
Part Tracker.
11. Exit the Part Tracker.

Workshop - Use the Shop Tracker


This workshop demonstrates how to use the Shop Tracker.

Review Currently Clocked in and Clocked out Employees


Navigate to the Shop Tracker.
Menu Path: Production Management > Job Management > General Operations > Shop Tracker
1. Navigate to the Who is Here sheet.
This sheet lists employees whose shift occurs during this time and who are currently clocked in.
2. Click the Who is Here button and click Search.
3. Click Select All and click OK to retrieve the list of employees who are currently clocked in.
4. Navigate to the Who is Not Here sheet.
This sheet lists employees who are not clocked in during this time.
5. Click the Who is Not Here button and click Search.
6. Click Select All and click OK to retrieve the list of employees who are currently not clocked in.

Review Shop Warnings


1. Navigate to the Shop Warnings sheet.
Shop warnings is a communication tool that must be set up and activated. The Shop Tracker displays
information about shop warnings that have been issued.
2. Click the Retrieve button and review the shop warnings.
3. Click the Move All to History button.
This moves the shop warnings that display to history.
4. Click the Retrieve button again.
No shop warnings display because they have been moved to history.
5. Exit the Shop Tracker.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

89

Specialized Job Management Processing

Job Management Course

Lean Manufacturing
The concept of Lean Manufacturing is a process which tries to eliminate waste through a continuous production
flow measured by customer demand. The purpose of the production activity process in the Epicor application is
to enable companies to establish lean performance metrics and to capture production data automatically through
shop floor transactions. The data you capture through this process can be analyzed as needed against the lean
performance metrics you define.
The configuration and processes to perform lean manufacturing in the application include:
Configuring lean metrics by period, day, week, resource group, and other free form parameters.
Generating production data to create production activity records by resource group day and periods.
Fine tuning production activity records generated.
Updating time (labor) reporting with actual levels of production activity by period.
Measuring performance by Resource Group on a real-time basis.
Business Scenario:
During the winter months, your company employs an additional temporary employee (labor) to meet the increased
order demand for part SS-2010 (Snow Shovel). As your company runs lean production processes throughout the
year, you have to create a production activity plan to accommodate the additional labor for the duration of the
winter period.

90

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Conclusion

Conclusion
Congratulations! You have completed the Job Management course.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

91

Appendix

Job Management Course

Appendix
This section of the course contains additional reference information.

Icons
This section describes the icons used in the job tree view.
Icon

Description
This item is a project.
This item is a standard job.
This is the assembly linked to the job.
This operation has not been run yet. This icon may also display with a red dot icon to indicate
there are material constraints for the operation.
This operation is complete.
This operation has a capacity problem. This icon may also display with a red dot icon to indicate
there are material constraints, as well as capacity constraints.
This is a subcontract operation. This icon may also display with a red dot icon to indicate it has
a capacity constraint.
This subcontract operation is complete.
This item is a material.
Materials have been issued to the job.
There is not enough stock available to satisfy the requirements for this material.
A part revision has changed.
Assembly is on a critical path. Delay to an item on the critical path delays the completion of the
job.

92

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Appendix

Costing Methods
Different costing methods for inventory valuation are used when an item unit cost is required in a transaction,
such as an issue to manufacturing.
The cost type is initially set in Company Configuration and typically, should not be changed without consulting
the Financial Department. The cost type for each item may be different; for instance, finished goods may be at
a standard cost while raw materials may be at an average cost.
The cost type for a part can be changed only when the balance falls below zero. The actual cost of the item can
always be changed using the Cost Adjustment menu option.
The available costing methods include the following:
Average Cost - This method calculates the weighted average of the receipt costs for this part.
FIFO - This is an abbreviation for First In First Out. This method assumes that the next quantity that is issued
or shipped from stock is the oldest quantity stored in the warehouse. As long as quantity remains from the
original received quantity, the Epicor application uses this cost value until the entire quantity from the original
receipt is consumed.
Last Cost - This method calculates the most recent receipt cost for this part.
Lot Average Cost - This method calculates the average cost of the parts in a lot. This is the total cost, divided
by the total quantity, for the parts in a lot.
Lot FIFO - This method determines the cost of the parts in a lot by using the FIFO costing method described
above.
Standard Cost - This method calculates a set cost you establish and enter for this part. Define and update
the standard cost for each part in the Costing Workbench.
If a part shipped using Customer Shipment Entry is standard costed, the shipment from the WIP (MFG-CUS)
transaction uses the standard unit cost for that part rather than actual costs from the job. If there are variances
between the standard cost for the part and the actual costs of the job, the Epicor application creates a
MFG-VAR transaction for the remaining Work in Process (WIP) balances.

Recommendations, Considerations, and Approaches


Multiple approaches to resource groups, resources, operations, and methods exist. Each of these approaches
impacts scheduling, costing, engineering, and job management. This section details some of the possibilities
available when you use the Epicor application.
From a scheduling perspective, attaching operations to resource groups, as opposed to resources, provides the
most flexibility. Use the Mass Resource Group Replace process in the General Operations folder of the
Engineering module to change a resource group. This process goes through the methods and swaps out one
resource group for another. There is no mass replace process for resources alone, so method maintenance is
manual.
If your company typically does not use scheduling or it uses scheduling but everything is scheduled infinitely,
Epicor recommends you review the expanded functionality to not lock your company down with an inflexible
setup.
Resource groups that only have one resource are a great place to start. This setup allows for growth and future
functionality. If the operations are attached to the resource group, you can easily add additional resources as
necessary and automatically increase capacity at the group level, making the resources available without changing
the methods of manufacturing.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

93

Appendix

Job Management Course

Approach 1: Resource Group Specific


In this example, there are three interchangeable, or generic, shearing machines in the Shear resource group. Each
shearing machine was added as a resource to the Shear resource group. Since you can use one of the shearing
machines when you perform the operation for this job, you only need the resource group on the method of
manufacturing for that job. Labor and burden costs are defined only on the resource group and represent an
average of the costs related to each.

Approach 2: Resource Specific


In this example, resources are not interchangeable. The setup depicted here shows an operation that calls for a
specific resource in the resource group. This approach works as long as your company has no expected expansion,
does not use the Scheduling module, or schedules the resources infinitely. If your company expects expansion in
the future and does not schedule the resources infinitely, review the considerations below.

94

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Appendix

Note If the resource group is selected on the method instead of the 8 shear, the labor and overhead
values defined on the resource group are used for the job cost estimate. The values defined on the resource
group should be an average of the values defined on the resources in case only the resource group is pulled
into the method.
Considerations
In the example described above, it is difficult to add resources that become available. For instance, your company
purchases an additional 8' shear you can also use for this operation, or one like it. The new shear is not referred
to on the methods of manufacture without manually changing one or more methods to include this new resource.
To avoid manually changing methods, create a 4' Shear group, an 8' Shear group, and a 12' Shear group, each
containing one shear. Next, attach the appropriate Shear group to the operation. If, and when, you purchase
another 8' shear, you can add it to the 8' group, which in turn, doubles the capacity of that group. In addition,
both resources in the 8' group are automatically available without changing the MOM.

Approach 3: Multiple Resource Groups or Resources


In this example for a Milling operation, a specific machine and specific skill set are required. Instead of defining
a single resource group with machine and skill set resources related to it, two resource groups are defined Milling Machine, with resources for specific machines, and Mill Work Force, with resources for specific skill sets.
Machine resources can be available 24 hours a day, seven days a week; therefore, you can schedule them infinitely.
The workforce may work a single shift and be scheduled finitely. Labor and burden costs are both defined on
the workforce resource group, and burden only is defined on the machine resource group. Values for each
accumulate to arrive at a job cost estimate total. Like the last approach, this approach works as long as your
company has no expected expansion, does not use the Scheduling module, or schedules the resources infinitely.
If your company expects expansion in the future and does not schedule the resources infinitely, review the
considerations below.

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

95

Appendix

Job Management Course

Considerations
Since both the Milling Machine group and the Mill Work Force group contain resources that are not
interchangeable, the method of manufacturing must point to the resource, which makes adding additional
resources later a time-consuming task. To use added resources on a method of manufacturing, you must manually
update the method of manufacturing to use the new resource.
An alternate approach is to have, for example, a CNC Auto group and a CNC Semi-Auto group in addition to
an Apprentice Mill Work Force group and a Skilled Mill Work Force group. Even if you start with a single resource
in each of these groups, you are still setting up the environment for less complicated updates when you add
resources.

Approach 4: Multiple Resource Groups or Resources used with the Advanced Planning
and Scheduling Module
In this example, not only are the machines and skill sets defined in their own resource groups, but resource groups
for Fixtures are defined as well. The Fixtures resource group contains resources for tools you may also need to
schedule. The method of manufacture defines three operation details; more than two operation details are
allowed only if the Advanced Planning and Scheduling (APS) module is licensed and enabled.

96

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Job Management Course

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Appendix

97

Index

Job Management Course

Index
I
issue material 45

98

Epicor ERP | 10.0.700.2

Additional information is available at the Education and


Documentation areas of the EPICweb Customer Portal. To access
this site, you need a Site ID and an EPICweb account. To create an
account, go to http://support.epicor.com.