INUSE International, Inc.

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The Application Of Centrifuges In Biodiesel Production
A Paradigm Shift from Batch To Continuous Processing

White Paper January 2007

The Application Of Centrifuges In Biodiesel Production
A Paradigm Shift From Batch To Continuous Processing

Purpose
The purpose of this document is to provide a brief introduction on the benefits of applying of centrifuge technology to biodiesel production.

Biodiesel Production Demands The Optimization of Current Technologies
• • • • • Demand for biodiesel as a viable petrochemical alternative is growing exponentially. Traditional “garage-style” production methods such as settling tanks, filters and similar methods are slow, expensive, and cannot meet growing demand. A new method for biodiesel production must speed up production without diminishing product quality, while remaining cost-effective. This new method must not require a large-scale redesign of current facilities and must easily “plug-in” to existing systems. A paradigm shift from a batch-process to a continuous-process philosophy will maximize business profitability.

Industrial centrifuges, as a proven technology, may deliver clear and measurable financial and operational results.

Batch Production
Current biodiesel production methods may incorporate one or several technologies in the production process. In the non-chemical treatment of raw biodiesel fluids, the use of filters and settling tanks is commonly accepted technology for storage and physical treatment of biodiesel fluids. While effective, filters and settling tanks entail labor intensive attendance, time, space, and operational costs, including the use of costly chemicals used to accelerate production. These are both the features and pitfalls inherent to a batch production mode of biodiesel manufacture.

© 2008 – INUSE International, Inc.

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Continuous Production
The introduction of centrifuge technology in biodiesel production enables a transformation from a batch production mode to a continuous production mode. Because centrifuges are a proven technology, they are a safe technological alternative to the optimization of biodiesel production. Depending upon the production methods used, biodiesel centrifuges may be used to enhance two clearly identifiable purposes in biodiesel production – as clarifier centrifuges and as separator centrifuges.

Clarifier Centrifuges
The term "clarification" is used to describe a separation of solids from a liquid. A clarifier is a centrifuge designed to discharge suspended solids from a liquid by using centrifugal force. In the early stages of settling tank production, screens and coarse filters generally serve the purpose of clarifying large suspended solids in raw biodiesel oil. In the latter part of the clarification process, settling tanks are used to finish the clarification. This process is slow and costly. A clarification centrifuge serves as a "miniature settling tank", and accelerates the settling process by subjecting raw biodiesel oil to several thousand G forces. Essentially any suspended solids spin out from suspension, accumulate, and may be manually cleaned from the centrifuge or discharged through an automated ejection feature built into the machine. This is essentially a liquid-solid clarification process.

Figure 1: A Self-Cleaning Clarifier Centrifuge - Raw biodiesel stock is pumped into the bottom of the centrifuge. As the fluid rises and fills the machine, the fluid passes through a series of discs. These discs cause particles suspended within the fluid to be subjected to a repetition of high G force environments which ensure multiple opportunities for complete solids clarification. The clarified fluid exits from the top of the machine. Solids are spun out to the sides of the centrifuge bowl. One added benefit of using a clarifier centrifuge is that it typically spins out any suspended water content along with the solids. FEATURE: When selecting a biodiesel clarifier centrifuge, take into consideration that cheaper alternatives force you to stop production and manually clean the machine. US Centrifuge technology supports uninterrupted production by incorporating the automatic ejection of solids on-the-fly as a programmable feature.

© 2008 – INUSE International, Inc.

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Separator Centrifuges
The term "separation" is used to describe the result of centrifugal force acting upon one liquid which separates into two or more liquids. In biodiesel production, the feed stock is first clarified in a clarifier centrifuge as described above. Then the stock is sent to a separator centrifuge. While subjected to high G forces, the fluid typically separates into a heavy phase (glycerol) and a light phase (usable oil stock). In later stages of biodiesel production, after the raw stock has been heated and mixed with catalysts or other chemicals, the fluid may be once again pumped into a biodiesel centrifuge. In order to cause the heavy and light phase is of the fluid to separate within a few seconds. After sufficient separation, the two phases of liquid exit the centrifuge through separate ports.This is essentially a liquid-liquid separation process.

Figure 2: A Manually Cleaned Separator Centrifuge – Raw biodiesel stock is pumped into the bottom of the centrifuge. As the fluid rises and fills the machine, the fluid passes through a series of discs. These discs cause the fluid to be subjected to a repetition of high G force environments which ensure that the fluid has had multiple opportunities for complete separation. Upon arriving at the top of the centrifuge, the distinctive heavy and light phases of the fluid exit through separate ports. FEATURE: Unique US Centrifuge technology allows adjustment of the separation of heavy and light phases through the use of unique exit valves. When selecting a biodiesel separation centrifuge, take into consideration that cheaper alternatives do not allow the adjustment of separation.

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Benefits Of Centrifuge Technology
Business and operational benefits of using US centrifuge technology in your biodiesel production process may include: • Reduction in time vs. product output • Reduction in labor vs. product output • Reduction of floor space vs. product output • Redeployment of current floor space • Cost-effective • Labor reduction • Process-intensive systems reduced, simplified or eliminated • “Plug-and-play” • Accelerated ROI • No point-of-failure in production system*

Value added benefits
Value added benefits of working with US centrifuge: • Systems Design – US Centrifuge, Inc. Systems Consulting • Maintenance – 12-18 month annual servicing on-site or at US Centrifuge • Training – Installation, Operation, Optimization & Maintenance • Warranty – Full warranties to protect your investment. • Support – Deep industry experience in related engineering, controls, and service. • Ancillary – Tanks, filters, mixers, pumps, and system automation. • Equipment buy-back for credit towards upgrade. • Lease and lease-to-own options ease up-front capitol investment

Financial And Operational Benefits.
Some financial and operational benefits you may enjoy include: • Faster production - finished product in mere seconds • Particulate-free product in mere seconds • Oil/glycerol separation in mere seconds • Plugs into current process • Reduces costs by reducing your footprint • Reduces numbers of settling tanks, pipes, pumps, hoses, fittings • Reduces maintenance • Reduced overall production facility reduces operational liability • Reap profits by shifting from a Batch- to a Continuous-process strategy

© 2008 – INUSE International, Inc.

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Contact Us
Call US Centrifuge, Inc.: • Ingvar Nilsson (317) 317 889-1528 www.INUSEintl.com

INUSE INTERNATIONAL Inc.

Documents published by INUSE International, Inc. (INUSE), may contain forward-looking statements that are based on expectations, estimates, projections and assumptions. Any language herein should be considered forward-looking statements, and include but are not limited to projections of revenues, earnings, performance, and cash flows. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve certain risks and uncertainties, which are difficult to predict. Therefore, actual future results and trends may differ materially from what is forecast in forward-looking statements due to a variety of factors, including, without limitation: general U.S. and international political and economic conditions; intervention or influence originating from any lawful authority; differences in anticipated and actual program performance, including the ability to perform under longterm fixed-price contracts within estimated costs, and performance issues with key suppliers and subcontractors; changing customer demand or preferences, including the effects of economic conditions; reliance on a large customer for a significant portion of your firm's revenue; and the status or outcome of legal and/or regulatory proceedings. All forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this document or, in the case of any document incorporated by reference, the date of that document. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to the company or any person acting on the company’s behalf are qualified by the cautionary statements in this section. INUSE does not undertake any obligation to update or publicly release any revisions to forwardlooking statements to reflect events, circumstances or changes in expectations after the date of this document. All transactions subject to INUSE business terms, a copy of which is available upon request. © 2008 INUSE International, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized duplication punishable by law.

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