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Regulations 2008

Fourth Semester

Electronics and Communication Engineering (ECE)

EC2252 Communication Theory

( Common to PTEC 2252 Communication Theory for B.E.(Part

-Time)

Third Semester ECE - Regulations 2009)

Time: Three Hours Maximum: 100 Marks

Answer ALL Questions

Part A - (10 x 2 = 20 Marks)

1. How many AM broadcast stations can be accommodated in a

100 kHz bandwidth

if the highest frequency modulating a carrier is 5 kHz?

2. State the applications of FDM.

3. Illustrate the relationship between FM and PM, with block

diagrams.

4. Compare the transmission bandwidth required for

Narrowband FM and Wide band FM.

5. Define a random variable. Specify the sample space and the

random variable for a coin tossing experiment.

6. What is white noise? Give its characteristics.

7. Define threshold effect in AM receiver.

8. Define pre-emphasis and de-emphasis.

9. A source generates 3 messages with probability 0.5, 0.25,

0.25. Calculate source entropy.

10. Define Rate Bandwidth and Bandwidth efficiency.

Part B - (5 x 16 = 80 Marks)

11. (a) (i) With the help of a neat diagram, explain the

generation of DSB-SC using Balanced modulator. (8)

(ii) Write about the coherent detection method in detail for

DSB-SC and SSB-SC. What happens when there is phase

mismatch? (8)

OR

11. (b) (i) Explain the concept of Frequency Translation. (4)

(ii) With aid of block diagram explain the principle of FDM. (8)

(iii) Illustrate the formation of Basic group and super group. (4)

12. (a) (i) Define frequency modulation. Draw the FM waveform.

Derive an expression for single tone frequency modulation.

(2 + 2 + 6)

OR

12. (b) (i) A 20 MHz is frequency modulated by a sinusoidal

signal such that the maximum frequency deviation is 100 kHz.

Determine the modulation index

and approximate bandwidth of the FM signal for the following

modulating

signal frequencies,

(1) 1 kHz (2) 100 kHz and (3) 500 kHz. (8)

(ii) Derive the time domain expressions of FM and PM signals.

(8)

13. (a) (i) List the different types of random process and give

the definitions. (10)

(ii) Write short notes on shot noise. (6)

OR

13. (b) (i) A mixer stage has a noise figure of 20 dB and this i s

preceded by an

amplifier that has a noise figure of 9 dB and an available power

gain of 15

dB. Calculate the overall noise figure referred to the input. (8)

(ii) A receiver has a noise figure of 12 dB and it is fed by a low

noise amplifier

that has a gain of 50 dB and a noise temperature of 90 K.

Calculate the

noise temperature of the receiver and the overall noise

temperature of the

receiving system. Take room temperature as 290 K. (8)

14. (a) Derive the expression for figure of merit of a AM receiver

using envelope detection. What do you infer from the

expression? (16)

OR

14. (b) Define and explain FM Threshold effect. With suitable

diagram, explain

threshold reduction by FMFB demodulator. (16)

15. (a) (i) An Analog signal i s band limited to `B' Hz and

sampled at Nyquist rate.

The sampled signals are quantized into 4 levels. Each level

represents

one message. The probability of occurrence of the four

messages are

p1=p3=1/8; p2=p4=3/8. Find out information rate of the

source. (6)

m2 = 0:15,

m3 = 0:15, m4 = 0:15, m5 = 0:15. Find coding efficiency for (1)

ShanonFano coding, (2) Huffman coding.

(10)

OR

15. (b) (i) Derive the channel capacity for Binary Symmetric

channel.

(6)

(ii) Derive the channel capacity for band limited, power limited

Gaussian

Channel. (10)

B.E./B.Tech.Degree Examinations,Apr/May 2010

Regulations 2008

Fourth Semester

Electronics and Communication Engineering

EC2252 Communication Theory

Time: Three Hours Maximum: 100 Marks

Answer ALL Questions

Part A - (10 x 2 = 20 Marks)

1. How many AM broadcast stations can be accommodated in a

100 kHz bandwidth

if the highest frequency modulating a carrier i s 5 kHz?

2. What are the causes of linear distortion?

3. Draw the block diagram of a method for generating a

narrowband FM signal.

4. A carrier wave of frequency 100 MHz i s frequency

modulated by a signal

20 sin(200 103t):

What is bandwidth of FM signal if the frequency sensitivity of

the modulation i s

25kHz=V .

5. When i s a random process called deterministic?

6. A receiver connected to an antenna of resistance of 50 has

an equivalent noise

resistance of 30. Find the receiver noise gure.

7. What are the characteristics of superheterodyne receivers?

8. What are the methods to improve FM threshold reduction?

9. Dene entropy function.

10. Dene Rate Bandwidth and Bandwidth eciency.

Part B - (5 x 16 = 80 Marks)

11. (a) (i) Draw an envelope detector circuit used for

demodulation of AM and explain its operation. (10)

(ii) How SSB can be generated using Weaver's method?

Illustrate with a neat block diagram. (6)

OR

11. (b) (i) Discuss in detail about frequency translation and

frequency division multiplexing technique with diagrams. (10)

(ii) Compare Amplitude Modulation and Frequency Modulation.

(6)

12. (a) (i) Using suitable Mathematical analysis show that FM

modulation produces infinite sideband. Also deduce an

expression for the frequency modulated output and its

frequency spectrum. (10)

(ii) How can you generate an FM from PM and PM from FM? (6)

OR

12. (b) (i) A 20 MHz i s frequency modulated by a sinusoidal

signal such that the maximum frequency deviation is 100 kHz.

Determine the modulation index and approximate bandwidth of

the FM signal for the following modulating signal frequencies,

(1) 1 kHz (2) 100 kHz and (3) 500 kHz. (8)

(ii) Derive the time domain expressions of FM and PM signals.

(8)

13. (a) (i) Give a random process, X(t) = Acos(!t+), where A

and ! are constants and is a uniform random variable. Show

that X(t) is ergodic in both mean and autocorrelation. (8)

(ii) Write a short note on shot noise and also explain about

power spectral

density of shot noise. (8)

OR

13. (b) Write the details about narrow band noise and the

properties of quadrature components of narrowband noise. (16)

14. (a) Derive an expression for SNR at input (SNRc) and output

of (SNRo) of a coherent detector. (16)

OR

14. (b) (i) Explain pre-emphasis and De-emphasis in detail. (10)

(ii) Compare the performances of AM and FM systems. (6)

15. (a) (i) Find the code words for ve symbols of the alphabet

of a discrete memoryless source with probability f0.4, 0.2, 0.2,

0.1, 0.1g, using Huffman coding and determine the source

entropy and average code word length. (10)

(ii) Discuss the source coding theorem. (6)

OR

15. (b) (i) Derive the channel capacity of a continuous band

limited white Gaussian noise channel. (10)

(ii) Discuss about rate distortion theory. (6)

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