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KLNCE-MECH-QBANK

B.E./B.Tech. DEGREE EXAMINATION, APRIL/MAY 2010.


Seventh Semester
Mechanical Engineering
ME 1402 MECHATRONICS
(Regulation 2004)
(Common to B.E. (Part-Time) Sixth Semester Regulation 2005)
Time : Three hours

Maximum : 100 marks


Answer ALL questions.

PART A (10 x 2 = 20 marks)


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

8.
9.
10.

What are the key elements of a mechatronics system?


State the applications of position and proximity sensors.
State the application of'stepper motor and servo motor in Mechatronic systems.
List the advantages and disadvantages of a hydraulic system.
Convert the spring-mass-damper system into an equivalent electrical system. Write down
the system equation.
What are the various control modes used in the mechatronics control systems?
Draw the ladder rungs to represent the following : A motor is switched on by pressing a
spring-return push button switch, and the motor remains on until another spring-return push
button switch is pressed.
Obtain a NOR logic function using ladder program.
Compare traditional and mechatronics designs.
What do you mean by embedded systems?

PART B (5 x 16 = 80 marks)
11.

(a)

(b)

12.

(a)

(b)

(i)Compare open and closed loop systems with suitable example.(8)


(ii) Explain the principle of various sensors used for measuring displacement. (8)
Or
(i) Explain the static and dynamic characteristics of sensors.
(ii)Explain the following : Thermistors and Piezoelectric sensors.
(i) What are the various types of ball bearing? Mention the applicationof each type.
(ii) How will you specify a stepper motor? Explain the general characteristics of a
stepper motor.(8)
Or
(i) An actuator has a stem movement which at full travel is 40 mm. It is mounted
with a linear plug process, control valve which has a minimum flow rate of 0 and a
maximum flow rate of 0.2 m8/sec. What will be the flow rate when the stem
movement is 20 mm?(8)
(ii) A hydraulic cylinder is to be used to move a work piece in a manufacturing
operation through a distance of 50 mm in 10 sec. A force of 10 kN is required to
move the work piece. Determine the required working pressure and hydraulic liquid
flow rate if a cylinder with a piston diameter of 100 mm is available.(8)

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(8)
(8)

KLNCE-MECH-QBANK
13.

14.

(a)

(i)Propose a model for a stepped shaft used to rotate a mass and derive an
equation relating the input torque and the angular rotation. Neglect damping.(8)
(ii) Explain the construction of PID controller. Also write mathematical equations for
this.(8)
Or

(b)

Explain in detail adaptive control system.

(a)

Devise a circuit that could be used with a domestic washing machine to switch on
a pump to pump water for 100 sec into the machine, then switch off and switch on a
heater for 50 sec to heat the water. The heater is then switched off and another pump
is switched on for another lOO sec to empty the water from the machine.(16)
Or

15.

(b)

Devise a circuit that could be used with a conveyor belt which is used to move an
item to a work station. The presence of the item at1 the work station is detected by
means of breaking a contact activated by a beam of light to a photosensor. There it
stops for 100 sec for an operation to be carried out before moving on and off the
conveyor. The motor for the. belt is started by a normally open start switch and
stopped by a normally closed switch(16)

(a)

Design a mechatronics system for a pick and place robot and explain the various
mechatronics elements.(16)
Or

(b)

Design a mechatronics system for a automatic camera and explain the various
mechatronics elements.

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(16)

KLNCE-MECH-QBANK

B.E./B.Tech. DEGREE EXAMINATION, NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2009.


Seventh Semester
Mechanical Engineering
ME 1402 MECHATRONICS
(Common to B.E. Part-Time Sixth Semester Regulation 2005)
(Regulation 2004)
Time : Three hours

Maximum : 100 marks


Answer ALL questions.
PART A (10 x 2 = 20 marks)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

How is precision machining achieved in mechatronics Systems?


Define'Hysteresis Error'.
A pneumatic system is operated at a pressure of 1000 kPa. What diameter is required for the
cylinder to move a load of which needs a force of 12 kN?
A stepper motor is given a digital input rate of 40 pulses for one revolution. Find its step
angle.
Write the analogous electrical elements in force-voltage analogy for the elements of
mechanical translational system.,
What are the characteristics of negative feedback?
Draw the general ladder rungs to represent a latch circuit.
What is shift register? How many data is required for a shift register?
What is a timed switch?
List the seven modules of mechatronics design approach.

PART B (5 x 16 = 80 marks)
11.

(a)

(b)

12.

(i)Explain the basic elements of a closed loop control system with the help of an
automatic water level controller.(8)
(ii)What is RTD? Briefly explain the relationship between resistance and
temperature for the RTD with temperature resistance curve.(8)
Or
(8)(i) Classify transducers by function,
performance and by the output basis.
(ii)Explain an incremental encoder. What are their applications?(8)

(a)

(i)A hydraulic cylinder is used to move a billet in a production operation by a


distance of 150 mm in 15 s. A force of 25 kN required to move the billet. Find the
working pressure and liquid flow if the cylinder with a piston diameter of 100 mm is
available.(6)
(ii)Discuss in detail the specification of a stepper motor.(10)
Or

(b)

(i) Briefly explain the working of the solenoid operated spool valve with a neat
sketch. Give the symbols of 3/2 and 4/2 valve symbols.(10)
(ii) Compare the functions of series wound D.C motors and shunt wound D.C.
motors.
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KLNCE-MECH-QBANK
13.

(a)

(i)Derive a mathematical model for a resistor-inductor-capacitor system


using Kirchoff s law.(8)
(ii)Compare the control system performance for a system with
proportional control and a system with integral control.(8)
Or

14.

(b)

(i) A motor is used to rotate a load. Device a mathematical model and draw the
mechanical model and equivalent model for the same.(8)
(ii)Enumerate the essential characteristics of the PID controller.(8)

(a)

(i)With the help of a block diagram, explain the main components of a


Programmable Logic Controller.(10)
(ii)Write a short note on Jump Control used in PLC using a ladder ""diagram.
Or

15.

(b)

(i) A work piece is loaded on a conveyor belt and it is operated between two limits of
travel A and B. when the limit switch at station A is activated, the conveyor moves
in the forward direction and at station B is activated, the conveyor moves in the
reverse direction. Pressing the start button makes the motor to run in the forward
direction and stop button makes the motor to stop. Draw a suitable ladder diagram
and explain the same.(10)
(ii)List the factors to be considered while selecting a PLC.(6)

(a)

Design a vehicle engine management system on the basis of mechatronics system


design.
Or

(b)

Device a pick and place robot system explain the various mechatronics elements
used in the design.(16)

Page 4 of 11

KLNCE-MECH-QBANK

B.E./B.Tech. DEGREE EXAMINATION, NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2008,


Seventh Semester
Mechanical Engineering
ME 1402 MECHATRONICS
(Common to B.E. Part-Time Mechanical Engineering)
(Regulation 2004)
Time: Three hours

Maximum: 100 marks


Answer ALL questions.
PART A (10 x 2 = 20 marks)

1.
2.
3.

4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Identify the different mechatronics systems used in automobiles.


What is the working principle of an eddy current proximity sensor?
A hydraulic cylinder is to be used to move a work piece through a distance of 60 mm in 20
seconds. A force of 15 kN is required to move the work piece. Determine the required
hydraulic liquid flow rate if a cylinder with a piston diameter of 75 mm is available.
Suggest suitable actuator for robot arm joint and justify.
Derive the equation for a translational mechanical system model with spring and mass.
Give an example for two-step mode control unit.
Draw the ladder logic diagram to represent two switches that are normally open and both
have to be closed for a motor to operate.
Devise a timing circuit that will switch an output on for 1 sec then off for 20 sec, then on for
1 sec, then off for 20 sec, and so on.
Identify the sensor, signal conditioner and display elements in the Bourdon pressure gauge.
List the advantages of mechatronics design over traditional design.

PART B (5 x 16 = 80 marks)
11.

(a)

(i)Compare and contrast the control system for the domestic central heating
system involving a bimetallic thermostat and that involving microprocessor. (8)
(ii)Explain the static performance characteristics of a sensor.(8)
Or

(b)

12.

(a)

Write short notes on :


(i)Thermocouple
(ii) Piezoelectric transducer
(iii) Incremental encoder
(iv) Photovoltaic transducer.
Discuss about the following actuation systems :
(i)Self-excited wound field shunt configuration dc motor.
(ii)Self-excited wound field series configuration dc motor.
(iii)Stepper motor.
(iv)Induction motor.
Or
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KLNCE-MECH-QBANK

13.

14.

(b)

A flat belt, 7 mm thick and 95 mm wide transmits power between two pulleys
running at 1500 m/min. The mass of the belt is 0.85 kg/m length. The angle of lap in
the smaller pulley is 155 and the coefficient of friction between the belt and
pulley is 0.25. If the maximum permissible stress in the belt is 2 MN/m2 find the
maximum power transmitted and initial tension in the belt.

(a)

A hot object with capacitance C and temperature T, cools in a large room


at temperature Ta. If the thermal system has a resistance R, derive an
equation describing how the temperature of the hot object changes with time and
give an electrical analogue of the system.(16)
Or

(b)

(i) Propose a model for a stepped shaft used to rotate a mass and derive an equation
relating the input torque and the angular rotation. Neglect damping effect.(8)
(ii)Describe and compare the characteristics of
(1)proportional controller
(2)proportional plus integral controller.(8)

(a)

Devise a system, using a PLC that could be used with a conveyor belt which is used
to move an item to work station. The presence of the item at the work station is
detected by means of breaking a contact activate by a beam of light to a
photosensor. There it stops for 100 sec for an operation to be carried out and then
starts moving. The motor for the belt is started by a normally open start switch and
stopped by a normally closed switch.

Or
(b)

15.

Devise a circuit that could be used with a domestic washing machine to switch on a
pump to pump water for 100 sec into the machine, then switch off the pump and
switch on a heater for 50 sec to heat the water. The heater is then switched off and
another pump is switched on for 100 sec to empty the water from the machine.

(a)

Explain the mechatronics systems used in an automatic camera with a neat block
diagram.(16)
Or

(b)

Design a pick and place robot using mechatronics elements and explain about the
robot control.(16)

Page 6 of 11

KLNCE-MECH-QBANK

B.E./B.Tech. DEGREE EXAMINATION, NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2007.


Seventh Semester
(Regulation 2004)
Mechanical Engineering
ME 1402 MECHATRONICS
(Common to B.E. (Part-Time) Sixth Semester Regulation 2005)
Time : Three hours

Maximum : 100 marks


Answer ALL questions.
PART A (10 x 2 = 20 marks)

1. Distinguish between open-loop and closed-loop system.


2. Suggest a sensor that could be used for a furnace to monitor the rate at which the heating oil
flows along a pipe. The output from the measurement system is to be an electrical signal which
can be used to adjust the speed of the oil pump.
3. A pneumatic system is operated at a pressure of 1000 kPa. What diameter cylinder will be
required to move a load requiring a force of 12 kN?
4. If a stepper motor has a step angle of 7.5, what digital input rate is required to produce a
rotation of 10 rev/s?
5. What are the characteristics of negative feedback?
6. Write the analogous electrical elements in force-voltage analogy for the elements of
mechanical translational system.
7. Device a PLC timing circuit that will switch an output on for 10 seconds and then switch it off.
8. What are the logic functions that can be obtained by using switches in series?
9. List down the various mechatronics elements in an automatic camera.
10. Compare and contrast the traditional design of a watch with that of a mechatronics based digital
watch.

PART B (5 x 16 = 80 marks)
11.

(a)

(i)What are the basic elements of a closed loop system? Explain.(8)


(ii)What is RTD? Explain the relationship between resistance and temperature
for the RTD with temperature resistance curve.(8)
Or

(b)

12.

(a)

(i) Identify the various elements of a closed loop system in an automatic water level
controller and describe their functions.(8)
(ii)Explain the function of a capacitive sensor in a robot end effecter.(8)

(i)A hydraulic cylinder is to be used to move a work piece in a manufacturing


operation through a distance of 50 mm in 10s. A force of 10 kN is required to move
the work piece. Determine the required working pressure and hydraulic liquid flow if
a cylinderwith a piston diameter of 100 mm is available.(6)
(ii) Explain the specification of a stepper motor in detail.(10)
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KLNCE-MECH-QBANK

(b)

Or
(i) A flat belt, 7 mm thick and 95 mm wide transmits power betweenn two pulleys
running at 1500 m/min. The mass of the belt is 0.85 kg/m length. The angle of
lap in the smaller pulley is 155 and the coefficient of friction between the belt
and pulley is 0.25. If the maximum permissible stress in the belt is 2 MN/m2,
find the maximum power transmitted and initial tension in the belt.

(ii) Compare the functions of series wound D.C. motors and shunt wound D.C.
motors.
13.

(a)

(i) Derive a mathematical model for a machine mounted on the ground to study the
effects of ground disturbances on the machine bed displacement.(8)
(ii) Compare the control system performance for a system with proportional
control and a system with integral control.(8)
Or

(b)

14.

(a)

(i) Derive the differential equation governing the mechanical system of an electric
motor.
(ii) Explain the characteristics of PID controller.
(i)Explain the architecture of a PLC and explain about its elements.
(ii) Create a ladder diagram for the following application : A pneumatic system with
double-solenoid valves controls two double acting cylinder A and B. The sequence
of cylinder operations are as follows : Cylinder A extends followed by cylinder B
extending, then the cylinder B retracts and finally the cycle is completed by the
cylinder A retracting. Explain the logic of the PLC circuit used.(8)
Or

15.

(b)

(i) A work piece is loaded on a conveyor belt and operates between two limits of
travel A and B. When limit switch at station A is activated, the conveyor moves
forward. When limit switch at station B is activated, the conveyor changes direction.
Pressing the start button causes the motor to run in the forward direction, and
pressing the stop button stops the motor. Create a ladder logic diagram and explain.
(ii)What are the factors to be considered while selecting a PLC?(6)

(a)

(i)Explain about the basis of mechatronics system design considering vehicle engine
management system as example.(8)
(ii) Draw the block diagram showing the interaction of various elements in a
domestic washing machine.(8)
Or

(b)

(i) Explain the various mechatronics elements required to design an automated


guided vehicle.(8)
(ii) Device a robot system which can be used for pick and place purpose. Describe
the various mechatronics elements used in the design.(8)

Page 8 of 11

KLNCE-MECH-QBANK

B.E./B.Tech. DEGREE EXAMINATION, NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2008.


Seventh Semester Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering
MH 1031 MECHATRONICS
(Common to Instrumentation and Control Engineering)
(Regulation 2004)
Time : Three hours

Maximum: 100 mark.


Answer ALL questions.
PART A (10 x 2 = 20 marks)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
8.
7.
8.
9.
10.

What is the role of logic controllers in mechatronics system design?


Differentiate Mechanical system and Mechatronics system.
What is meant by proximity switch?
Name four data display devices.
What are the advantages of electrical actuators?
What is the use of limit switches in pneumatic systems?
What is interfacing?
Write ladder logic for 5 seconds time delay in an engineering process.
What are the sensors used to control the pollution in modem vehicles?
Give two mechatronics system examples in manufacturing process.

PART B (5 x 16 = 80 marks)
11.

(a)
(b)

.
12.

(a)
(b)

13.

(a)

(b)
14.

(a)

(b)
15.

(a)

Explain the key elements of mechatronics system with neat block diagram.
Or
(i) How mechatronic concepts are applied in engineering process automation?
Explain.(8)
(ii)Explain the control of temperature and humidity in a closed room.(8)
What is LVDT? Explain the working principle of LVDT with neat circuit diagram.
Or
Explain thesignal processing techniques using different digital
electronics concepts.
(i) Explain about automatic belt conveyor system using stepper motor.
(ii)What are the different types of gears used in mechanical actuation system?
Explain.
Or
Explain about low cost automation system using pneumatic and
hydraulic in process industries.(16)
(i)Explain the architecture of PLC with neat block diagram.
(ii)Compare Relay logic with PLC
Or
(i)Explain the concepts of data handling in PLC programming.(10)
(ii)Explain any one microprocessor applications in mechatronics systems.
Explain the mechatronics system applications in modern automobiles. (16)
Or
Explain the pick and place robot applications in flexible manufacturing systems and
welding.

(b)
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KLNCE-MECH-QBANK

B.E/B.Tech. DEGREE EXAMINATION, APRIL/MAY 2008.


Seventh Semester
(Regulation 2004)
Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering
MH 1031 MECHATRONICS
(Common to Instrumentation and Control Engineering)
Time : Three hours

Maximum : 100 marks


Answer ALL questions.
PART A (10 x 2 = 20 marks)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

10.

In general, measurement systems can be considered to be made up of a few elements. Name


the elements.
What is a sequential controller?
What is the stability of the transducer?
How is an LVDT used?
Why pilotoperated valves are used?
How is an actuation system selected?
A micro controller can be viewed as integration of a few elements. Name all the elements,
Write any two criteria in the selection of required PLC.
Identify a few subsystems of 4-wheeler automobiles that can be controlled with
microprocessors/micro-controllers.
Show one common arrangement of light sensors in a metering sensor in an automatic
camera.

PART B (5 x 16 = 80 marks)
11.

(a)

(i)Explain the basic elements of a closed loop system with the help of an automatic
water level controller.
(ii)Fully automatic washing machine is a mechatronics system. Justify.
Or

(b)

12.

(a)

(i)Explain the basic elements of a closed loop system with the help of
shaft speed control system.
(ii)Explain the basic aspects of a microprocessor based system that can be used to
control the focusing and exposure of an automatic camera.
(i)Explain the use of capacitive element as a sensor in three differentforms.
(ii)Explain the principle of Analogue to Digital conversion.
Or

(b)

(i)Explain the principle of Hall effect sensor and its two forms.
(ii)Explain R-2R ladder Digital to Analogue Conversion.

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KLNCE-MECH-QBANK
13.

(a)

(i)With the help of neat sketches explain different valve bodies and plug
How flow rate changes with plug shapes?
(ii)Explain the speed control of a D.C. motor with feedback.
Or

14.

(b)

(i)Explain the working principle of Brushless permanent magnet D.C. motors.


(ii)Explain different types of ball and roller bearings with neatsketches.

(a)

(i)Explain the architecture of programmable logic controllers.


(ii)Explain the common types of resistors used in CPU.
Or

15.

(b)

(i)Explain how AND, OR, NOR and NAND systems can be formed with ladder
diagram;.
(ii)Explain with a neat sketch how a micro controller can be used as a controller
for a automatic domestic washing machine.

(a)

Explain pick and place robot as a mechatronics system with necessary sketches.
Or

(b)

Explain Car park barriers as a mechatronics system with necessary sketches.

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shapes.