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computational Fluid dynamics important questions

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2T

2

t

x

using explicit

scheme, implicit scheme and Crank-Nicholson scheme. Discuss the stability

and accuracy of each approach. (10)

2. Derive the Reynolds average Navier-Stokes equation for an incompressible

fluid flows.

3. Discretize using finite volume method, one dimensional convection-diffusion

u

x

x x

equation

, where

represents any fluid property and u

represents velocity, using (a) central-difference scheme and (b) upwind

scheme. Discuss with suitable example at what situation central-difference

and upwind scheme are applicable.

4. Explain the steps involved for solving Navier-Stokes equations using

fractional-step method?

2T 2T

T

2

2

t

y

x

, is

thermal diffusivity using ADI scheme and write down the order of accuracy of

the scheme and its stability criteria.

n

2

2

t

x

y

2

n

2

2

t

x

y

2

2

2

O t , x

Sequence of operations for SIMPLE algorithm

(i)

Guess the pressure field p*.

(ii)

Solve the momentum equations to obtain u*, v* and w*.

(iii)

Solve the pressure correction equation to obtain p.

(iv)

Calculate p from p = p+ p*.

(v)

Calculate u, v and w from velocity correction formulas.

(vi)

Treat the corrected pressure p as a new guessed pressure p* and

return to step 2, and repeat the whole procedure until a converged

solution is obtained.

7. Explain the advantages of staggered grid over collocated grid. Draw a neat

sketch of u-, v- and p-control volumes and indicate the storage points clearly

for both staggered and collocated grid?

The checker-board pressure yield non-zero pressure gradient terms in

staggered grid arrangement. A further advantage of the staggered grid

arrangement is that it generates velocities at exactly the locations where

they are required for the scalar transport- convection-diffusion-computations.

Hence, no interpolation is needed to calculate velocities at the scalar cell

faces.

Explain the significance of substantial derivative and the physical meaning of divergence

with respect to a moving fluid element.

1. By applying a suitable fundamental physical principle to a flow model, derive the momentum

equation along y direction.

2. Explain the method of elliptic grid generation.

1. Discuss SIMPLE algorithm used to solve incompressible flow problems.

2. Examine using Lax method the stability characteristics of the first order wave equation

u

u

c 0

t

x

where, c is the wave speed, u is the wave amplitude and x, t are spatial

condition.

0

x y

2

3. Transform

the

( x, y )

Laplaces

equation,

x, y

from

( x, y )

and

to

),

where

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