SAVE ENERGY

Luleå Living Lab Pilot
A warm welcome to the Kulturens Hus (House of culture) in Luleå, the northern metropolis of Sweden and cultural town district of 2007. In the spring of 2005 the first sod was cut and in January 2007 the opening took place. House of culture is Luleå’s new meeting place, completing the image of Luleå as a town where cultural expressions gather under the same roof, cross-fertilize each other and give the visitors experiences above what was earlier possible. With 13.900 square meters of public area and 6.000 square meters of garage area, in 2008 the building with 80 persons in its staff has received 564.231 visitors. The building a a Library, Concert Hall, Restaurant, Café, Art Gallery, Tourist Agency, Conference and Office areas. The selected rooms for the SAVE ENERGY pilot are the restaurant, offices and entrance doors. The building is equipped with a completely new state-of-theart energy management systems controlling the environment for every room of the building. The house of culture is connected to the district heating system and district cooling system which works with the nature, using cold water from the river. The heat dump is located in the town bay. The build has a high level energy management system but aims to achieve more energy savings involving and promoting users’ awareness. The Luleå pilot team divided the building into different improvement areas that were equipped with the necessary Smart Metering equipment. The total energy consumption is measured for the whole house. There are four areas selected for testing. These are the restaurant, two separate sections of office rooms and the main entrance doors. For the restaurant, electricity, temperature, hot and cold water consumption (energy) is measured. For the offices electricity is measured. For the entrance doors the user behaviour is measured directly by counting the number of persons using the “open door button” or not. For the entrance doors the measurement of user behaviour changes is achieved in three steps. Step one was measuring the “old” way of using the entrance doors. In step two a text saying “please help us save energy” is introduced. In step three ICT technologies are introduced to “support” the user taking the “right” decision. The creation of awareness and change of behaviour by the users of the Luleå pilot is also driven from the Serious Game and the establishment of the Living Lab methodology. A Living Lab was created at the pilot premises and thus being an active environment, where the users of the pilot contribute to the co-creation of innovative solutions and motivate themselves to change their energy consumption behaviours.

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SAVE ENERGY

Luleå Technical Solution
Energy consumption measurements at Kulturens Hus are being collected using a Saber based solution system and an MbusMaster system, both developed by KYAB Luleå AB. The different metering devices were interfaced with MBus, using an MBusMaster acting as a hub. The MbusMaster interfaces several metering devices, connecting them to the Saber system via RS485 interfaces, i.e. ModBus/MBus. The data collected by the Saber system is stored in its local database and forwarded every minute (or whenever there is internet connection available) to the Saber Web Portal. At the Saber Web Portal, the data is stored into a secured database. The web portal provides a user friendly interface for remotely viewing and understanding the data as statistics, graphs and comparison trends. The data is also feed back to Kulturens Hus into computer integrated 15” and 42” LCD displays which show a simple to understand, user friendly and graphical representation of the pilot’s progress in lowering energy consumption at the building. The presentation is not only viewed by on site building staff, but also by the visitors and customers of Kulturens Hus, who have access to it. Furthermore, the data collected at the building is also forwarded to the ISA central platform service to be used by end-user services, namely Serious Games. The metering devices installed at Kulturens Hus allow the collection of data on electricity consumption at the restaurant and the two office spaces, air temperature and hot and cold water consumption at the restaurant areas. Additionally the use of the building’s main entrance doors is monitored, which has great impact in maintaining the building’s internal temperature, especially considering the northern Sweden’s cold weather.

Luleå techincal solution architecture diagram with the Kyab based system.

Contact address: ALFAMICRO
Alameda da Guia, 192A 2750-368 Cascais - Portugal Phone: + 351 214 866 784 E-mail: mail@alfamicro.pt

www.ict4saveenergy.eu
info@ict4saveenergy.eu
CIP-ICT-PSP-238882 PROJECT

SAVE ENERGY

Leiden Living Lab Pilot
The key objective of the Leiden Pilot is to improve the energy efficiency at a public house hosting a variety of public services for the local communities. The Leiden City Hall building is owned by the city of Leiden. The pilot provides information on energy use in a limited number of offices in the building during a period of about a year while providing feedback to the participating employees. An indication is obtained about the cost effectiveness of the method and the energy savings that can be obtained, aiming at demonstrating the use of ICT for energy savings in public buildings and spaces through user behavioural changes. Savings can be attained on the use of electricity (lighting, computers, and appliances), heating and cooling. During the experiment a test is conducted for the hypothesis that energy consumption behaviours of employees can be changed by providing them with current information about the energy used at their desk and in their room. Indications are also obtained about the amount of energy that can be saved using this approach. The Leiden pilot is carried out in five office rooms of the Leiden City Hall building. These rooms vary in size, location, equipment, number of desks, persons and the type of activity. For every pilot room there is one reference room that is very similar. Employees participating in the five pilot rooms get “real time” information about their energy usage. The reference rooms are used to provide comparative reference data and its employees do not get any information about their energy usage. This allows testing the hypothesis that providing information can change personal energy consumption behaviours. The light in the rooms can be controlled by two or four switches both for two sets of fluorescent tubes at the same time. Rooms have venetian blinds that can be opened and closed manually. The rooms have two windows that can be opened or closed by the employees and two hot water radiators adjustable by them, one radiator has a thermostatic control valve, and the other has a manual valve. Both electricity usage and heating required for each room are measured; personal electricity usage per desk, e.g. by computers, screens and desk lamps, electricity usage per appliance in a room, e.g. by lighting and other room-specific devices like coffee machines and printers, heating energy supplied to the room by each hot water radiator is estimated from the radiator surface temperature and room temperature. Employees can influence the energy consumption by; switching lights or equipment on/off, opening or closing the manual radiator control valve, changing the set point of the thermostatic valve, opening or closing windows, opening or closing doors, and by adjusting the venetian blinds. During the experiment and in consultation with the employees decisions are made to place extra sensors to evaluate if extra information might help the user to save more energy.

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SAVE ENERGY

Leiden Technical Solution
Sensors were installed for the desks (computer screen, computer and other electric equipment), lighting (separate for each appliance) and temperature (each radiator and air outlet). Rooms with special equipment like a private coffee machine, then an extra sensor has been added for this appliance. Plugwise sensors were user for electricity measurements and Sensite sensors for temperature measurements (LogiSphere BN215 for room temperature and ST208 for radiator surface temperature). The measurement data from the sensors is collected by the Plugwise concentrators and Sensite HBL100 Wireless Network Controllers which communicates with an AnyWi router using an open XML-based protocol. The AnyWi router connects via Internet to the SAVE ENERGY technical infrastructure. The primary component of this infrastructure is the ISA central server (iCenter), where complex data aggregation takes place and data is made available to end-user services, namely Serious Games. The collected data is also processed and presented in “real time” to the users through the web portal and in addition a direct simple feedback to the users is provided on their PC. Data on current energy use is available locally to participating employees at 5 minutes intervals. The data stored in the local repository can be used for statistical analysis of trends and effects. Energy use not only depends on the behaviour of users but varies strongly with e.g. outside temperature and time of year (daylight and sun shine), work pattern (meetings, coffee breaks, etc.) and personal behaviour (type of work). Therefore there is intrinsic “noise” in these measurements. To be able to interpret the results and draw more accurate conclusions, the overall process started by measuring the base-line use of all the rooms involved, subsequently measuring the energy consumption at the pilot rooms and the reference rooms. During the experiment phase of the project the data is analysed in order to determine how long the pilot should run and whether adjustments are required.

Lieden techincal solution architecture diagram with the Plugwise and Sensite based system.

Contact address: ALFAMICRO
Alameda da Guia, 192A 2750-368 Cascais - Portugal Phone: + 351 214 866 784 E-mail: mail@alfamicro.pt

www.ict4saveenergy.eu
info@ict4saveenergy.eu
CIP-ICT-PSP-238882 PROJECT

SAVE ENERGY

Lisbon Living Lab Pilot
The Lisbon pilot takes place at the Lisbon Municipality main offices building, a building with 1.800 employees which started operating in 1998, and serving both as administrative offices and public attending services. Urban planning and urban management, the definition of a strategy and the mainstreaming of good environmental practices for the city of Lisbon are an important part of the Lisbon Municipality responsibilities. Being Lisbon Portugal’s capital and its political, economic and cultural centre, is compelled to lead by example with good practices in urban planning, construction, urban management and mobility, respecting the values of sustainable development, aiming to promote a higher quality of life for its citizens, today and tomorrow. The Lisbon Municipality has a strategic partnership with Lisboa E-Nova agency, which holds an active and essential role in all Intervention Projects. The objectives of the Lisbon pilot are to improve the energy environmental performance of office buildings in Lisbon, with all direct and indirect benefits, including the reduction of energy consumption (through energy efficiency), the increase of indoor air quality, thermal and visual comfort conditions and the promotion of connectivity among building users and with the city at large. One of the results should be a significant reduction of CO2 emissions. The building was built with little or no consideration for the energy environmental dimension, very much like most office buildings in Lisbon, therefore this pilot will become a very replicable case study, and a core reference with guidelines to improve the energy efficiency and environmental performance of office buildings. The pilot project started at grass roots level, by identifying the measures that needed to improve the building physics; bringing up to date the building envelope and infrastructure, decentralizing energy production relying on renewable energy sources, modernizing building management systems, including increasing intelligence in the interaction with the energy grid, greening information and communication technology to maximize connectivity between users. There are expected impacts in Public Administration awareness of Energy Efficiency through the dynamic, real time information displaying and the publication of terms of reference for tender specifications, made available to the building’s users and to other services and institutions. It is also expected stronger commitment to Energy Efficiency Policies in line with the recently approved Portuguese National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency, the Municipality will further explore intervention opportunities and enhance the city overall energy performance, setting clear energy performance targets for 2013. Citizen’s awareness and empowerment towards Energy Efficiency originated from the communication with the public will not only lead to meet the project objectives and results but will actively intervene with the public and empower their actions by disseminating best practices on how individual acts can have an important impact in the global environment. www.ict4saveenergy.eu

SAVE ENERGY

Lisbon Technical Solution
The Lisbon Pilot was designed to use a complete ISA Smart Metering system, being all the equipments based on ISA’s integrated solution for building energy monitoring. The range of the system goes from sensing, data communications, to user interfaces of information displays with local and remote real time display capabilities. The pilot monitoring relies on several parameter measurements, requiring different equipment and technical solutions. For the Lisbon pilot, two blocks of the Lisbon Municipality building are being monitored, with the ISA’s iMeterRail smart meters deployed in these two blocks, allowing the total electricity consumption to be measured. It is also used to measure different types of electrical circuits, thus creating a segmentation on the electricity consumption, such as air-conditioning, lighting and electric plugs. The iMeterRail devices are connected through RS485 bus lines to a TCP/IP conversion bridge. The signals are collected and sent to the network router and finally stored in the local server. In order to be able to perform sub-metering, several plug meters were deployed and each appliance’s electricity consumption data is collected using iPlugMeter sensors. This data is then transmitted to the system using one of the wireless protocols available (Bluetooth, Z-Wave or ZigBee). The local server is based on a RcWare system that performs two distinct tasks: sending data to the ISA iCenter central server through the internet and displaying the real time information on the local LCD display which allows the users to have a continuous overview of its energy efficiency performance. Additionally, users have access to the ISA web portal where they can access more detailed information and one simple applet software that is installed at each user’s PC displaying periodic advice messages inviting them to have energy efficient behaviours, like turning off their monitor when they leave or unplugging phone chargers if they are not being used.

Lisbon techincal solution architecture diagram with the ISA based system.

Contact address: ALFAMICRO
Alameda da Guia, 192A 2750-368 Cascais - Portugal Phone: + 351 214 866 784 E-mail: mail@alfamicro.pt

www.ict4saveenergy.eu
info@ict4saveenergy.eu
CIP-ICT-PSP-238882 PROJECT

SAVE ENERGY

Manchester Living Lab Pilot
The pilot is located within Manchester Town Hall, which can be found at the centre of the historic city of Manchester. The building covers 40.000 m2 and sits on an unusually shaped triangular site. The Town Hall was one of the most technically advanced large buildings of its days, built at a time when Manchester led the world in engineering. It is now regarded as one of the UK’s finest examples of gothic-revival architecture and has been listed as an historic monument with the UK’s highest grade of national protection (Grade I). Originally constructed to be lit by gas, all electrical installations are post construction. Development of the electrical infrastructure has been piecemeal and whilst meeting current safety standards, much of it is now dated. The building’s complexity and issues of adaptation within strict conservation regulations, presented real challenges in pilot development. The Town Hall’s design and heritage also presents particular challenges in terms of energy efficiency and carbon emissions. Under the EU Energy Performance of Buildings Directive, large buildings that are occupied for either “public authorities” or “institutions providing public services” are required to publicly display energy performance certificates. On the scale of A (best) to G (worst) the Town Hall is rated as E. The aims of the Manchester pilot are to demonstrate that is possible to deliver energy improvements to the most challenging buildings in an economically viable way, provide a blueprint for similar improvements in many of the other 300 Council buildings across Manchester, and look at how carbon reductions can be achieved through an increased understanding of energy use and associated behaviour change. The pilot accommodation is on Level 7 of the building (roof level). These rooms are split between two sides of the building on a mezzanine floor. Due to the age of the electrical infrastructure identifying which distribution boards provide services to which rooms was a real challenge. Therefore the first phase consisted on an investigation by the installer to isolate the feeds to different areas following which the actual pilot rooms were selected. The energy monitoring of the pilot rooms include appliances; the offices use standard office equipment – PCs, photocopiers, desk lamps, printers, shredders, phone chargers, kettles (there is no dedicated kitchen area). A full audit of all equipment was carried out. Special focus was also given to lighting; the rooms are illuminated by central lights. On one side these are controlled by motion sensors and on the other they can be manually switched on and off. In each pilot room measurements take place for lighting and appliances, being the general areas the ambient lighting and air temperature. Internal ambient light and temperature data is recorded to take part in the user experience at their working environment. Weather data for the period is obtained via web sources and used for data analysis.

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SAVE ENERGY

Manchester Technical Solution
The selected technical solution was based on the equipment supplied by Schneider Metering in conjunction with their approved installer, Samelco Automation Systems Ltd. The system collects data from the distribution boards using CT strips (Current Transformers) and is transmitted to a Branch Power Meter (BPM). The Branch Power Meter has the facility to monitor up to 24 individual single phase circuits. A Belden 9841 twisted pair connects the BPM to an Ethernet Gateway (EGX100). Using CAT 5 cable, data is transmitted from the EGX100 to a mini server PC which gathers the data and stores it in a SQL database. The system front-end is web based and provides access to the system functionalities. As standard the Schneider equipment samples at 5 minute intervals with smaller sampling periods possible, increasing the magnitude and accuracy of the data recorded. Measurement data is recorded in kWh. The data on energy use is visualized by the users in real time throughout the working day showing the total amount of energy consumption. This is displayed continuously, showing immediate impact changes as well as the average energy consumption (kWh) through local LCD displays. The University of Salford (USAL) is responsible for the development of methodologies and analysis of the collected data. The tasks include questionnaire and survey design, developing statistical models, analysis and interpretation of the data. In terms of setting up the experiment and creating a set of reference data, and because the rooms at the Manchester pilot are not identical (no rooms in the building are), the option was to generate a “control period” where the rooms act as their own reference, using a system of comparable months. Whilst fiscal metering covers the whole of the Town Hall complex, there is no ability to determine usage by space hence there is no baseline data available for electricity usage in the pilot rooms. The Control Period is then used to efficiently generate baseline data.

Manchester techincal solution architecture diagram with the Schneider based system.

Contact address: ALFAMICRO
Alameda da Guia, 192A 2750-368 Cascais - Portugal Phone: + 351 214 866 784 E-mail: mail@alfamicro.pt

www.ict4saveenergy.eu
info@ict4saveenergy.eu
CIP-ICT-PSP-238882 PROJECT

SAVE ENERGY

Helsinki Living Lab Pilot
The city of Helsinki owns about 1.200 public buildings including 200 schools, 350 kindergartens, 7 hospitals, office buildings and libraries. For several decades the city of Helsinki has done a great effort to save energy and to achieve better energy efficiency. Helsinki pilots for Save Energy project are two comprehensive schools. The key objective of the Helsinki pilot is to improve the energy efficiency at the Ala-Malmi school (built in 1965, with an area of 7.000 m2 in three buildings, 300 pupils and 50 teachers) and Pihkapuisto school (built in 1989, with a total area of 5.100 m2 in a single building, 220 pupils and 25 teachers), with the support of the developed ICT system providing the display information for different user groups with the real time measurements and the calculated indicators of the energy consumption, savings and internal air quality conditions originated from the several pilot applications. Following the Living Lab methodologies and based on technical energy evaluations and continuous discussions with the users and technical experts, different application areas of energy efficiency were identified; lighting and energy consumption applications at classrooms and at the buildings entrance hall, energy consumption of the whole school and the gym HVAC systems and energy efficiency of the kitchen operations, energy and consumption at normal classrooms and PC classrooms. Based on the test applications at these schools, the target was set to find the functional model and best practices to be exploited in the other schools and public buildings. For example energy efficiency improvement and more flexible air quality control by the intelligent EC-motor based HVAC systems at the gyms and behavioural change on energy efficiency from the operative personnel at the kitchens using the high power professional kitchen equipment were identified as the most important goals to achieve the achieve very good energy savings. The approach at the Helsinki pilot is to measure in real time all the relevant energy information on the electricity, heat and water consumption; using the new high-tech wireless sensor network system, transferring the data from the existing building management systems and from the separate transferable measurement units. All the measurements are collected to the virtual server generating the instructions to save energy and the simple and user-friendly interface displayed in LCD screens to the users of the schools (kitchen personal, janitor, teachers, pupils and technical experts) in order to achieve the permanent awareness of behavioural change in saving the energy on these users.

www.ict4saveenergy.eu

SAVE ENERGY

Helsinki Technical Solution
The Helsinki pilot technical solution is based on an integrated solution using sensing equipment from Kyab, and wireless and networking equipments from Dunkkis and Meshworks. The virtual server located at the Metropolia UAS collects all measurements data from both schools: • Energy (heat, electricity and water) consumption and some HVAC measurements from the existing Building Management Systems (SQL queries or FTP). • Intelligent wireless sensor networks (each including 17 sensor modules) measuring temperature, moisture, luminance and CO2. Furthermore, all main electricity consumptions are measured, with a totwal of 73 measurement points. • Wireless sensors from Dunkkis gateways using the public ASUS routers are used at the gyms. The system is using local LCD displays to generate sophisticated information displays targeting the different user groups almost in real time. Additionally the local server located at Metropolia forwards the validated information into the ISA central server to be consumed by the end-user services, namely Serious Games.

Helsinki techincal solution architecture diagram with the Kyab, Dunkkis and Meshworks based system.

Contact address: ALFAMICRO
Alameda da Guia, 192A 2750-368 Cascais - Portugal Phone: + 351 214 866 784 E-mail: mail@alfamicro.pt

www.ict4saveenergy.eu
info@ict4saveenergy.eu
CIP-ICT-PSP-238882 PROJECT