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Introduction to Fuzzy Logic

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BY

Introduction

Introduction

Crisp Variables

Fuzzy Variables

Fuzzy Logic Operators

Fuzzy Control

Case Study

Fuzzy logic:

A way to represent variation or imprecision in logic

A way to make use of natural language in logic

Approximate reasoning

warm today, I will drive fast"

Linguistic variables:

S. S. Tripathy

Cloud Cover: {overcast, partly cloudy, sunny}

Speed: {slow, fast}

ASSISTANT PROFESSOR

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGG.

BIRLA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

MESRA 835 215, RANCHI

2011

Fuzzy Logic

Fuzzy Sets

represent qualities spanning a particular

spectrum

Temp: {Freezing, Cool, Warm, Hot}

Membership Function

Question: What is the temperature?

Answer: It is warm.

Question: How warm is it?

membership. Almost all real world classes are

fuzzy!

Examples of fuzzy sets include: {Tall people},

{Nice day}, {Round object}

Fuzzy Logic

Fuzzy Logic

quantities:

x = 3.1415296

A {0,1}

Fuzzy Logic

Fuzzy Logic

Systems

Membership Functions

Membership Functions

Degree of Truth or "Membership"

Input_1

Input_2

Fuzzy

IF-THEN

Rules

How cool is 36 F ?

Output

Input_3

Membership Functions

Fuzzy Logic

Fuzzy Logic

How cool is 36 F ?

It is 30% Cool and 70% Freezing

Fuzzy Logic

Fuzzy Disjunction

functions in predicate logic?

Fuzzy logic Connectives:

AB

max(A, B)

AB = C "Quality C is the

disjunction of Quality A and B"

Fuzzy Conjunction,

Fuzzy Disjunction,

0.7

in fuzzy sets

0.3

(AB = C) (C = 0.75)

Fuzzy Logic

10

Fuzzy Logic

11

Fuzzy Logic

12

Fuzzy Conjunction

AB

min(A, B)

AB = C "Quality C is the

conjunction of Quality A and B"

(AB = C) (C = 0.375)

2/9/2004

Fuzzy Logic

13

2/9/2004

Fuzzy Logic

14

2/9/2004

Fuzzy Logic

0.9

0.7

2/9/2004

0.9

0.7

A = 0.7

Fuzzy Logic

0.7

A = 0.7 B = 0.9

16

15

Fuzzy Logic

A = 0.7 B = 0.9

Apply Fuzzy AND

AB = min(A, B) = 0.7

17

Fuzzy Logic

18

Fuzzy Control

Inputs: Temperature

fuzzy linguistic variables with fuzzy

logic

Example: Speed Control

How fast am I going to drive today?

It depends on the weather.

Disjunction of Conjunctions

Fuzzy Logic

19

Output: Speed

Fuzzy Logic

20

Fuzzy Logic

Rules

21

Sunny(Cover)Warm(Temp) Fast(Speed)

65 F

25 % Cloud Cover ?

Cloudy(Cover)Cool(Temp) Slow(Speed)

output of these rules...

Fuzzy Logic

22

Fuzzy Logic

23

2/9/2004

Fuzzy Logic

24

Fuzzification:

Calculate Input Membership Levels

Fuzzification:

Calculate Input Membership Levels

...Calculating...

If it's Sunny and Warm, drive Fast

Sunny(Cover)Warm(Temp)Fast(Speed)

Fast = 0.7

25% Cover Sunny = 0.8, Cloudy = 0.2

Cloudy(Cover)Cool(Temp)Slow(Speed)

Slow = 0.2

Fuzzy Logic

25

2/9/2004

Defuzzification:

Constructing the Output

2/9/2004

Fuzzy Logic

26

Fuzzy Logic

Defuzzification:

Constructing the Output

27

Defuzzification:

Constructing the Output

membership is 100%

membership is 100%

Speed

Fuzzy Logic

28

2/9/2004

Fuzzy Logic

29

2/9/2004

= weighted mean

= (2*25+...

Fuzzy Logic

30

Defuzzification:

Constructing the Output

Speed

2/9/2004

smooth interpolation between

variable centroids with relatively

few rules

This does not work with crisp

(traditional Boolean) logic

Provides a natural way to model

some types of human expertise in a

computer program

= weighted mean

= (2*25+7*75)/(9)

= 63.8 mph

Fuzzy Logic

31

2/9/2004

Fuzzy Logic

32

functions

Fuzzy Logic control may not scale

well to large or complex problems

Deals with imprecision, and

vagueness, but not uncertainty

Fuzzy Logic

33

Summary

Fuzzy Logic provides way to calculate

with imprecision and vagueness

Fuzzy Logic can be used to represent

some kinds of human expertise

Fuzzy Membership Sets

Fuzzy Linguistic Variables

Fuzzy AND and OR

Fuzzy Control

Fuzzy Logic

34

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